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Aging reveiw

Min Kyung Yu, Mo Kyung Jung, Ki Eun Kim, Ah Reum Kwon, Hyun Wook Chae, Duk Hee Kim, Ho-Seong Kim
PURPOSE: In male patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), the presence of testicular adrenal rest tumors (TARTs) have been reported, however their prevalence and clinical manifestations are not well known. Untreated TARTs may lead to testicular structural damage and infertility. This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of TARTs in male patients with CAH, and characterize the manifestations to identify contributing factors to TART. METHODS: Among 102 CAH patients aged 0-30 years, 24 male patients have been regularly followed up in our outpatient clinic at Severance Children's Hospital from January 2000 to December 2014...
September 2015: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
Alan C Perkins, Dahiru S Mshelia, Michael E Symonds, Mike Sathekge
BACKGROUND: The uptake of F-FDG in brown adipose tissue (BAT) may have important implications in understanding the pathophysiology of BAT and obesity. Because of the thermal implications of BAT uptake of F-FDG, this study aimed to contribute to existing knowledge by assessing patients scanned in a subtropical environment with particular reference to ethnicity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out to determine the prevalence and pattern of BAT uptake in patients undergoing F-FDG PET-CT imaging in a PET facility located in a subtropical climatic zone...
February 2013: Nuclear Medicine Communications
Puja K Puri, Tammie C Ferringer, William B Tyler, Morgan L Wilson, H Lester Kirchner, Dirk M Elston
INTRODUCTION: The classification of spitzoid melanocytic tumors can be difficult, and pathologists rely on both histological features and clinical information to arrive at a diagnosis. We proposed that an immunohistochemical panel could be useful in classifying these neoplasms and designed a study to test the independent contribution of the panel to the final diagnosis. METHODS: We identified 121 cases previously signed out either as (1) Spitz nevus, (2) atypical spitzoid neoplasm, favor Spitz nevus, (3) atypical spitzoid neoplasm of uncertain malignant potential, (4) atypical spitzoid neoplasm, favor melanoma, and (5) spitzoid melanoma...
February 2011: American Journal of Dermatopathology
V Ozmen, H Karanlik, N Cabioglu, A Igci, M Kecer, O Asoglu, S Tuzlali, A Mudun
The sentinel lymph node (SLN) is the only focus of axillary metastasis in a significant proportion of patients. In this single institutional study, clinicopathologic characteristics were investigated to determine the factors predicting the status of a SLN biopsy and the metastatic involvement of non-SLNs. Data were retrospectively reveiwed for 400 consecutive patients with clinical T1/T2 N0 breast cancer who underwent a SLN biopsy including axillary and/or internal mammary lymph nodes. The SLNs were evaluated by using the new AJCC staging criteria following multiple sectioning and immunohistochemical (IHC) analyses of nodes...
January 2006: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
F Révillion, J Bonneterre, J P Peyrat
We reveiwed the relationships between ERBB2 amplification and/or overexpression in human breast cancer and the clinicopathological parameters described in the literature (97 studies involving 22,616 patients) in order to draw conclusions regarding its clinical interest. The mean of ERBB2 positivity (26%, ranging from 5 to 55%) is not dependent on the method used to evaluate ERBB2 amplification or overexpression. Despite the discrepancies observed between the different studies, several associations between ERBB2 positivity and the classical clinicopathological parameters were noted...
May 1998: European Journal of Cancer
M Reiss
The literature concerning arm folding is reveiwed. This analysis could be based on 121 populations. In addition to this the paper discusses incidence, sex, age differences and genetical problems including twinning. The incidence of left arm folding ranges from 20% to 65% (mean value 54%). The review shows a predominance of the left-type in Europe. Age and sex differences are only small. Between arm folding and handedness no relationship could be found, and only a very weak one between arm folding and hand clasping...
June 1998: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
T J Duffy
Ischaemic colitis, while well recognized in older patients, is rare in patients under 30 years of age. Four such patients with transient ischaemic colitis are presented and the literature is reveiwed.
January 1981: British Journal of Surgery
P A George, C Brown, R T Foley
A series of 54 patients with carcinoma of the hepatic duct junction is reveiwed. The condition is probably less rare than previous publications would suggest as the condition is frequently missed at operation. An account of the presentation, investigation and treatment of these patients is given, as well as the results obtained. In the discussion that follows, it is pointed out that if systematic investigation is carried out, with particular regard to adequate radiological investigations, both prior to and during surgery, the correct diagnosis can be made, although histological proof may be difficult to obtain...
January 1981: British Journal of Surgery
S J Warrington, J Hamer
Five patients with apparent adverse cardiovascular effects of disopyramide are reveiwed. Attention is drawn to the following problems. (1) A vagolytic effect may produce a sinus tachycardia with wide QRS complexes due to aberrant conduction or intraventricular block superficially resembling a ventricular tachycardia, or may allow increased transmission of an atrial tachycardia or atrial flutter to the ventricles by improving atrio-ventricular conduction. (2) Although the vagolytic effect is helpful in increasing sinus rate in patients with sinus node disease, disopyramide may lead to bradycardia and asytolic cardiac arrest, and should not be used without a demand pacemaker...
April 1980: Postgraduate Medical Journal
S Cambria
A case of carbon monoxide poisoning with thrombosis of the vein of Labbé and an haemorrhagic cerebral infarct is reported. The mechanisms of the lesions, their diagnosis and treatment are reveiwed. The points are made that the cerebral lesion is an expanding one and that its surgical ablation should be considered.
1980: Revue Neurologique
J L Rodríguez Alvarez, F Pardo Sánchez, J Gómez Durán, V Silvestre Teruel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1980: Revista Española de las Enfermedades del Aparato Digestivo
J L Dubois, W Halet, P Delcourt, P Wallon, L Raynal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1968: Revue du Rhumatisme et des Maladies Ostéo-articulaires
H M Mehdorn, U Dietrich, R Kalff, B Hoffmann, F Rauhut, W Grote
Patients suffering subarachnoid hemorrhage in whom angiography does not initially show vascular malformation and CT scan rules out an intracranial tumor, have, reportedly, a good prognosis with a rate of recurrent hemorrhage of about 2-10% within a follow-up time of up to 15 years. Most authors denied indication for control angiography. In order to study the benefit of control angiography performed after 4-6 weeks, four-hundred eighty-three patients with SAH but without ICH were reveiwed, and the longterm clinical course of 98 patients with SAH of unknown origin treated in our department between 1976 and 1988 was investigated...
1992: Neurosurgical Review
L Monn, S M Poticha
A case of metastatic carcinoma to the spermatic cord is presented. The previous 12 cases documented in the literature are reveiwed. In the majority of cases the primary tumor occurred in the gastrointestinal tract with metastasis to the spermatic cord by retrograde lymphatic flow.
June 1975: Urology
G A Bray, T F Gallagher
Eight patients are presented in whom obesity developed in association with documented hypothalamic lesions. These lesions included trauma, inflammatory disease, an aneurysm of the internal carotid artery, and five cases of tumor. Detailed metabolic studies were performed in four patients with hypothalamic obesity and in five age- and weight-matched patients with essential obesity(i.e., obesity with no definable etiology). Fasting insulin concentrations were significantly higher in the patients with hypothalamic obesity...
July 1975: Medicine (Baltimore)
J King
Ischaemic optic neuropathy is a well recognised cause of sudden visual loss in middle and late life. It is characterised by painless visual impairment, pale swelling of the optic disc and nerve fibre bundle field defects. Although some cases are due to cranial arteritis, the majority of patients suffer from non-arteritic diseases, particularly hypertension. The present study consists of a reveiw of 22 cases of ischaemic optic neuropathy. Apart from cranial arteritis and vascular disease, migraine and trauma appear to have a causal relationship to the disorder...
1979: Clinical and Experimental Neurology
K S Millingen
A description is given of the dramatic, sustained recovery of 3 demented and neurologically disable patients with idiopathic communicating hydrocephalus after they underwent ventriculo-atrial shunting. In those patients there was no significant change in ventricular size after the ventriculo-atrial shunting. 1 of the patients also had cortical atrophy. Hypertensive vasculopathy and multiple infarcts may be the explanation in 2 of the patients. Reveiw of the literature results in the following conclusions: 1) the CAT scan alone, perhaps combined with intrathecal "Amipaque' cisternography, provides the maximum information with the last trauma and may assist in the selection of patients for shunting...
1979: Clinical and Experimental Neurology
I M Freundlich, T A Lind
Calcification of the heart and great vessels is secondary to those diseases which cause a significant alteration of tissue matrix. Metabolic derangements can cause microscopic calcification of heart muscle, but this has not been demonstrated conclusively roentgenographically. The deposition of calcium may follow a single event or be the result of a longstanding process. The etiology and roentgen appearance of calcium deposition in the various tissues which comprise the heart and great vessels are reveiwed. The common as well as the rare cases are considered; if possible, each entity is demonstrated roentgenographically...
April 1975: CRC Critical Reviews in Clinical Radiology and Nuclear Medicine
R Deibel, S Srihongse, J P Woodall
In a reveiw of 2,963 patients with signs of infections of the central nervous system in New York State in 1966--1977, arboviruses were found to be the confirmed or presumptive etiologic agents in 60 patients. California encephalitis (CE) virus was the most common (44 patients), followed by Powassan (POW) virus (8), St. Louis encephalitis virus (7), and eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) virus (1). Most patients (47) were children. The incidence of encephalitis was higher in patients with arbovirus findings than in infections with any other of the common neurotropic viruses...
May 1979: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
H J Cramer
An ulcerating and sclerosing skin tumour on the temporal forehead region is described. Histologically the tumour is composed of different structures as cystic hidradenoma, syringoma, ductal hidradenoma and sclerres as cystic hidradenoma, syringoma, ductal hidradenoma and sclerosing basalioma arranged in layers. The tumour appears to be a distinct and diagnosable entity. It exists a major similarity to such tumours reported as syringeal hidradenoma, eccrine epithelioma or eccrine basalioma.
1976: Zentralblatt Für Allgemeine Pathologie und Pathologische Anatomie
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