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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339180/leptin-blocks-the-inhibitory-effect-of-vitamin-d-on-adipogenesis-and-cell-proliferation-in-3t3-l1-adipocytes
#1
Jessica Lopes Nobre, Patricia Cristina Lisboa, Janaine Cavalcanti Carvalho, Mariana Renovato Martins, Simone Vargas, Cristina Barja-Fidalgo, Egberto Gaspar de Moura, Elaine de Oliveira
Recently, we demonstrated high serum leptin and 25(OH)D (calcidiol) in obese animals, with high C/EBPβ and PPARγ expression in adipose tissue. Since the role of vitamin D in adipogenesis remains controversial and hyperleptinemia is found in obesity, we asked if leptin could interfere in vitamin D action on adipocytes. Here, we studied the direct effect of these two hormones upon 3T3L1 preadipocytes incubated with or without 1,25(OH)2D (100 nM, 24 h) and with leptin (10-7M, 4 h later). RT-PCR (VDR and Cyp27b1/1α-hydroxylase), western blotting (VDR, Cyp27b1/1α-hydroxylase, ObR-b, C/EBPβ, PPARγ and Bax content), a cell proliferation assay and an Annexin V-FITC binding assay were performed...
January 12, 2018: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336863/age-associated-expression-of-vitamin-d-receptor-and-vitamin-d-metabolizing-enzymes-in-the-male-reproductive-tract-and-sperm-of-hu-sheep
#2
Xiaolei Yao, M A Ei-Samahy, Hua Yang, Xu Feng, Fengzhe Li, Fanxing Meng, Haitao Nie, Feng Wang
The cellular response to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (Vit D3; biologically active form of Vitamin D) is complex and depends not only on Vitamin D receptor (VDR) expression but also on cellular uptake of circulating Vit D3 and the presence and activity of Vitamin D-metabolizing enzyme. This study evaluated the expression of VDR and Vitamin D-metabolizing enzymes in the ram reproductive tract at different developmental stages and in spermatozoa. Nearly all cell types in the testes and epithelial cells of the caput, corpus, and cauda expressed VDR, CYP27B1, and CYP24A1 proteins...
January 10, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290431/targeting-antimicrobial-defenses-of-the-udder-through-an-intrinsic-cellular-pathway
#3
Corwin D Nelson, Kathryn E Merriman, Michael B Poindexter, Mercedes F Kweh, Leslie P Blakely
The bovine innate immune system has a strong repertoire of antimicrobial defenses to rapidly attack infectious pathogens that evade physical barriers of the udder. Exploration of the intracrine vitamin D pathway of bovine macrophages has improved understanding of the signals that initiate antimicrobial defenses that protect the udder. In the intracrine vitamin D pathway, pathogen recognition receptors upregulate CYP27B1 mRNA that encodes for the enzyme that converts 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D3] to the active vitamin D hormone, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3]...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250167/associations-between-abnormal-vitamin-d-metabolism-pathway-function-and-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#4
Nan Ge, Xiu-Mei Chu, Yun-Peng Xuan, Dun-Qiang Ren, Yongjie Wang, Kai Ma, Hui-Jiang Gao, Wen-Jie Jiao
Lung cancer is a type of malignant tumor derived from the respiratory system, which is the leading cause of cancer-associated mortality worldwide, of which ~80% of cases are attributable to non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A previous study demonstrated that 1α,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1α,25(OH)2D3), derived from the vitamin D metabolic pathway contributes an antitumor effect. Aberrant expression of the essential enzyme encoding genes, Cytochrome P450 Family 27 Subfamily A Member 1 (CYP27A1), Cytochrome P450 Family 27 Subfamily B Member 1 (CYP27B1), and Cytochrome P450 Family 24 Subfamily A Member 1 (CYP24A1) may be associated with lung cancer...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208972/effects-of-1-25-and-24-25-vitamin-d-on-corneal-epithelial-proliferation-migration-and-vitamin-d-metabolizing-and-catabolizing-enzymes
#5
Xiaowen Lu, Zhong Chen, Namratha Mylarapu, Mitchell A Watsky
This study investigated the effects of 1,25(OH)2D3 and 24R,25(OH)2D3 on corneal epithelial cell proliferation, migration, and on the vitamin D activating enzyme CYP27B1 (produces 1,25(OH)2D3) and inactivating enzyme CYP24A1 (produces 24R,25(OH)2D3). The role of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) was also examined. In VDR wildtype mouse corneal epithelial cells (WT), 1,25(OH)2D3 increased CYP24A1 protein expression and decreased CYP27B1 expression. In VDR knockout mouse epithelial cells (KO), 1,25(OH)2D3 increased CYP24A1 and CYP27B1 protein expression...
December 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208668/a-polymorphism-within-the-vitamin-d-transporter-gene-predicts-outcome-in-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-patients-treated-with-folfiri-bevacizumab-or-folfiri-cetuximab
#6
Martin D Berger, Sebastian Stintzing, Volker Heinemann, Shu Cao, Dongyun Yang, Yu Sunakawa, Satoshi Matsusaka, Yan Ning, Satoshi Okazaki, Yuji Miyamoto, Mitsukuni Suenaga, Marta Schirripa, Diana L Hanna, Shivani Soni, Alberto Puccini, Wu Zhang, Chiara Cremolini, Alfredo Falcone, Fotios Loupakis, Heinz-Josef Lenz
PURPOSE: Vitamin D exerts its inhibitory influence on colon cancer growth by inhibiting Wnt signaling and angiogenesis. We hypothesized that SNPs in genes involved in vitamin D transport, metabolism and signaling are associated with outcome in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients treated with first-line FOLFIRI and bevacizumab (bev). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: 522 mCRC patients enrolled in the FIRE-3 (discovery cohort) and TRIBE (validation set) trials treated with FOLFIRI/bev were included in this study...
December 5, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186865/role-of-vitamin-d-in-maintaining-renal-epithelial-barrier-function-in-uremic-conditions
#7
Milos Mihajlovic, Michele Fedecostante, Miriam J Oost, Sonja K P Steenhuis, Eef G W M Lentjes, Inge Maitimu-Smeele, Manoe J Janssen, Luuk B Hilbrands, Rosalinde Masereeuw
As current kidney replacement therapies are not efficient enough for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) treatment, a bioartificial kidney (BAK) device, based on conditionally immortalized human proximal tubule epithelial cells (ciPTEC), could represent an attractive solution. The active transport activity of such a system was recently demonstrated. In addition, endocrine functions of the cells, such as vitamin D activation, are relevant. The organic anion transporter 1 (OAT-1) overexpressing ciPTEC line presented 1α-hydroxylase (CYP27B1), 24-hydroxylase (CYP24A1) and vitamin D receptor (VDR), responsible for vitamin D activation, degradation and function, respectively...
November 26, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179169/-bone-remodeling-through-a-phosphate-metabolism
#8
Takeshi Miyamoto
Phosphorus is the second abundant mineral stored in bones, and disturbance of phosphate metabolisms results in various disease developments such as hypophosphatemic rickets. Blood phosphorus levels are regulated by dietary intake or its absorption from intestine, proximal tubular reabsorption, and number of factors plays roles for maintaining phosphate homeostasis. Vitamin D stimulates intestinal phosphorus absorption, and phosphorus promotes FGF23 secretion from osteocytes. FGF23 inhibits Cyp27b1, an enzyme to produce an active vitamin D3, 1,25(OH)2D3, through FGF receptor/Klotho complex...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175129/vitamin-d-metabolic-loci-and-vitamin-d-status-in-black-and-white-pregnant-women
#9
Katharyn M Baca, Manika Govil, Joseph M Zmuda, Hyagriv N Simhan, Mary L Marazita, Lisa M Bodnar
BACKGROUND: Several candidate genes and genome wide association studies have reported significant associations between vitamin D metabolism genes and 25-hydroxyvitamin D. Few studies have examined these relationships in pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the relationship between maternal allelic variants in three vitamin D metabolism genes and 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration in pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: In two case-control studies, samples were drawn from women who delivered at Magee Womens Hospital in Pittsburgh, PA from 1999 to 2010 and twelve recruiting sites across the United States from 1959 to 65...
November 16, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160302/role-of-cyp24a1-vdr-and-gc-gene-polymorphisms-on-deferasirox-pharmacokinetics-and-clinical-outcomes
#10
S Allegra, J Cusato, S De Francia, A Arduino, F Longo, E Pirro, D Massano, A De Nicolò, A Piga, A D'Avolio
β-Thalassemia patients develop deficiency in vitamin D absorption and liver hydroxylation, resulting in extremely low calcitriol levels. We explored the role of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) involved in vitamin D metabolism, transport and activity on deferasirox pharmacokinetics and outcomes (effectiveness trough levels (Ctrough) and the area under the curve (AUC) cutoffs of 20 μg ml(-1) and 360 μg ml(-1) h(-1), respectively; nonresponse AUC limit of 250 μg ml(-1) h(-1)). Ninety-nine β-thalassemic patients were enrolled...
November 21, 2017: Pharmacogenomics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159450/lower-dietary-phosphorus-supply-in-pigs-match-both-animal-welfare-aspects-and-resource-efficiency
#11
Michael Oster, Christian Gerlinger, Kaja Heide, Franziska Just, Luisa Borgelt, Petra Wolf, Christian Polley, Brigitte Vollmar, Eduard Muráni, Siriluck Ponsuksili, Klaus Wimmers
Dietary phosphorus frequently exceeds age-specific requirements and pig manure often contains high phosphorus load which causes environmental burden at regional scales. Therefore, feeding strategies towards improved phosphorus efficiency and reduced environmental phosphorus load have to be developed. A 5-week feeding trial was conducted: piglets received medium, lower (-25%), or higher (+25%) amounts of phosphorus and calcium. Dietary responses were reflected by performance parameters, bone characteristics, and molecular data retrieved from serum, intestinal mucosa, and kidney cortex (p < 0...
November 20, 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153269/vitamin-d-pathway-gene-polymorphisms-influenced-vitamin-d-level-among-pregnant-women
#12
Bule Shao, Shuying Jiang, Xiamusiye Muyiduli, Shuojia Wang, Minjia Mo, Minchao Li, Zhaopin Wang, Yunxian Yu
AIMS: To explore the relationship between vitamin D pathway genes, gene-environment interactions and vitamin D level among southeast Chinese pregnant women. METHODS: 759 participants from Zhoushan Pregnant Women Cohort (ZPWC) study, were enrolled from August 2011 to April 2014 in China. Plasma 25(OH)D levels and genetic variants in vitamin D pathway (NADSYN1/DHCR7, GC, CYP3A4, CYP2R1, CYP27A1, CYP27B1, VDR, CYP24A1, and LRP2) were measured using the blood sample collected at the first trimester...
November 7, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116467/vitamin-d-supplementation-decreases-serum-27-hydroxycholesterol-in-a-pilot-breast-cancer-trial
#13
Catherine C Going, Ludmila Alexandrova, Kenneth Lau, Christine Y Yeh, David Feldman, Sharon J Pitteri
PURPOSE: 27-hydroxycholesterol (27HC), an endogenous selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM), drives the growth of estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancer. 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D), the active metabolite of vitamin D, is known to inhibit expression of CYP27B1, which is very similar in structure and function to CYP27A1, the synthesizing enzyme of 27HC. Therefore, we hypothesized that 1,25(OH)2D may also inhibit expression of CYP27A1, thereby reducing 27HC concentrations in the blood and tissues that express CYP27A1, including breast cancer tissue...
November 7, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115640/off%C3%A2-target-effect-of-imatinib-and-nilotinib-on-human-vitamin-d3-metabolism
#14
Lysann Kroschwald, Meinolf Suttorp, Josephine Tabea Tauer, Nick Zimmermann, Claudia Günther, Andrea Bauer
Prolonged treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) including imatinib (IMA) or nilotinib (NIL), induces severe disturbances of bone metabolism in patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia. As vitamin D3 (VD3) is involved in the complex cycle of bone remodelling, the present study investigated in vitro, the influence of IMA and NIL on VD3 metabolism i) in HaCaT cells and ii) in cultured outer root sheath keratinocytes (ORS‑KC) from hair follicles of IMA treated children. Cells were incubated in the presence of IMA or NIL...
November 3, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110708/co-expression-of-1%C3%AE-hydroxylase-and-vitamin-d-receptor-in-human-articular-chondrocytes
#15
Ann Kristin Hansen, Yngve Figenschau, Inigo Zubiaurre-Martinez
BACKGROUND: The aim was to investigate whether resident chondrocytes in human articular cartilage and in subculture express vitamin D receptor (VDR) and the enzyme that hydroxylates the prohormone 25(OH)D3 to the active hormone 1α,25(OH)2D3, namely 1α-hydroxylase (CYP27B1). Any putative effects of vitamin D on chondrocytes were also explored. METHODS: Cartilage from human osteoarthritic knee joints, cultured chondrocytes and cells grown in 3D spheroids were examined for the expression of VDR and 1α-hydroxylase by PCR, Western blots and immunolabelling...
November 6, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109124/endogenous-calcitriol-synthesis-controls-the-humoral-ige-response-in-mice
#16
Juliane Lindner, Sebastian Rausch, Sandra Treptow, Kerstin Geldmeyer-Hilt, Tina Krause, René St-Arnaud, Alice Arabian, Andreas Radbruch, Susanne Hartmann, Margitta Worm, Guido Heine
The vitamin D receptor participates in the control of IgE class-switch recombination in B cells. The physiologic vitamin D receptor agonist, 1,25(OH)2D3 (calcitriol), is synthesized by the essential enzyme 25-hydroxyvitamin D3-1α-hydroxylase (CYP27B1), which can be expressed by activated immune cells. The role of endogenous calcitriol synthesis for the regulation of IgE has not been proven. In this study, we investigated IgE-responses in Cyp27b1-knockout (KO) mice following sensitization to OVA or intestinal infection with Heligmosomoides polygyrus Specific Igs and plasmablasts were determined by ELISA and ELISpot, Cyp27b1 expression was measured by quantitative PCR...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109081/vitamin-d-the-placenta-and-early-pregnancy-effects-on-trophoblast-function
#17
Ankana Ganguly, Jennifer Ann Tamblyn, Sarah Finn-Sell, Shiao-Yng Chan, Melissa Westwood, Janesh Gupta, Mark Kilby, Stephane R Gross, Martin Hewison
Pregnancy is associated with significant changes in vitamin D metabolism, notably increased maternal serum levels of active vitamin D, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin (1,25(OH)2D). This appears to be due primarily to increased renal activity of the enzyme 25-hydroxyvitamin D-1α-hydroxylase (CYP27B1) that catalyzes synthesis of 1,25(OH)2D, but CYP27B1 expression is also prominent in both the maternal decidua and fetal trophoblast components of the placenta. The precise function of placental synthesis of 1,25(OH)2D remains unclear, but is likely to involve localised tissue-specific responses with both decidua and trophoblast also expressing the vitamin D receptor (VDR) for 1,25(OH)2D...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107736/absence-of-vitamin-d-receptor-in-mature-osteoclasts-results-in-altered-osteoclastic-activity-and-bone-loss
#18
Yolandi Starczak, Daniel C Reinke, Kate R Barratt, Jackson W Ryan, René St-Arnaud, Howard A Morris, Rachel A Davey, Gerald J Atkins, Paul H Anderson
Mature osteoclasts express the vitamin D receptor (VDR) and are able to synthesise and respond to 1,25(OH)2D3 via CYP27B1 enzyme activity. Whether vitamin D signalling within osteoclasts is necessary for the regulation of osteoclastic bone resorption in an in vivo setting is unclear. To determine the requirement for the VDR- and CYP27B1-mediated activity in mature osteoclasts, conditional deletion mouse models were created whereby either Vdr or Cyp27b1 gene was inactivated by breeding either Vdr(fl/fl) or Cyp27b1(fl/fl) mice with Cathepsin K-Cre transgenic mice (Cstk(Cre)) to generate Ctsk(Cre)/Vdr(-/-) and Ctsk(Cre)/Cyp27b1(-/-) mice respectively...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099735/effect-of-pharmacogenetic-markers-of-vitamin-d-pathway-on-deferasirox-pharmacokinetics-in-children
#19
Sarah Allegra, Jessica Cusato, Silvia De Francia, Filomena Longo, Elisa Pirro, Davide Massano, Antonio Piga, Antonio D'Avolio
OBJECTIVES: Patients with β-thalassemia major have extremely low vitamin D levels, owing to reduced intestinal absorption, subicteric tint, and/or iron-induced higher pigmentation. We investigated whether some polymorphisms within the VDR, CYP24A1, CYP27B1, and GC genes could play a role in deferasirox pharmacokinetics in a cohort of pediatric patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighteen children with β-thalassemia were enrolled. Drug plasma concentrations at the end of dosing interval (Ctrough) and after 0, 2, 4, 6, and 24 h of drug administration were measured by a HPLC-UV method...
November 2, 2017: Pharmacogenetics and Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093562/glucocorticoid-exposure-induces-preeclampsia-via-dampening-1-25-dihydroxyvitamin-d3
#20
Dongxin Zhang, Ji Zeng, Xili Miao, Haojing Liu, Liangfang Ge, Wei Huang, Jinyu Jiao, Duyun Ye
The pathogenesis of preeclampsia (PE) involves a number of biological processes that may be directly or indirectly affected by glucocorticoid (GC) and vitamin D. GC exposure increases the risk of PE, and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25-(OH)2D3) deficiency may result in PE. The purpose of the present study was to confirm the involvement of GC/1,25-(OH)2D3 axis in the pathogenesis of PE. In the study, cortisol levels of PE patients were found to be higher than that of non-complicated pregnancies, while 1,25-(OH)2D3 were decreased in both PE women and GC-induced PE rats...
November 2, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
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