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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699847/a-systematic-review-and-combined-analysis-of-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-studies-for-long-acting-risperidone
#1
Georgios Schoretsanitis, Edoardo Spina, Christoph Hiemke, Jose de Leon
This systematic review of therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) identifies three long-acting injectable (LAI) risperidone formulations. Areas covered: Limited data is available on two formulations (RBP-7000 and in Situ Microparticle), but 20 TDM articles on the microsphere formulation were found. Risperidone TDM includes the serum concentrations of risperidone and its active metabolite, 9-hydroxyrisperidone, used for calculating: 1) the risperidone/9-hydroxyrisperidone (R/9-OH-R) ratio (a measure of CYP2D6; values >1 are indicative of a CYP2D6 poor metabolizer) and 2) the total risperidone concentration-to-dose (C/D) ratio (a measure of risperidone clearance with a normal value around 7 in oral risperidone)...
July 12, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698626/a-genome-wide-association-study-suggests-the-hla-class-ii-region-as-the-major-susceptibility-locus-for-iga-vasculitis
#2
Raquel López-Mejías, F David Carmona, Santos Castañeda, Fernanda Genre, Sara Remuzgo-Martínez, Belén Sevilla-Perez, Norberto Ortego-Centeno, Javier Llorca, Begoña Ubilla, Verónica Mijares, Trinitario Pina, José A Miranda-Filloy, Antonio Navas Parejo, Diego de Argila, Maximiliano Aragües, Esteban Rubio, Manuel León Luque, Juan María Blanco-Madrigal, Eva Galíndez-Aguirregoikoa, David Jayne, Ricardo Blanco, Javier Martín, Miguel A González-Gay
The genetic component of Immunoglobulin-A (IgA) vasculitis is still far to be elucidated. To increase the current knowledge on the genetic component of this vasculitis we performed the first genome-wide association study (GWAS) on this condition. 308 IgA vasculitis patients and 1,018 healthy controls from Spain were genotyped by Illumina HumanCore BeadChips. Imputation of GWAS data was performed using the 1000 Genomes Project Phase III dataset as reference panel. After quality control filters and GWAS imputation, 285 patients and 1,006 controls remained in the datasets and were included in further analysis...
July 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690819/molecular-genetic-analysis-of-two-native-desert-palm-genera-washingtonia-and-brahea-from-the-baja-california-peninsula-and-guadalupe-island
#3
Anastasia Klimova, Joseph I Hoffman, Jesus N Gutierrez-Rivera, Jose Leon de la Luz, Alfredo Ortega-Rubio
The complex geological and ecological processes that have generated high levels of biodiversity and endemism in the Baja California Peninsula have been the subject of intensive study. However, relatively little is known about phylogeography of the iconic endemic palm species of this region. We therefore analyzed a total of 2,294 bp of chloroplast and 738 bp of nuclear sequence data in 169 samples of five native palm species from Baja California, Sonora and Guadalupe Island. We found that Washingtonia and Brahea palms had low levels of genetic diversity and were highly structured, with the majority of species and major geographic regions being characterized by distinct haplotypes...
July 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689002/age-acts-as-an-adverse-independent-variable-for-survival-in-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-data-from-a-cohort-in-northeast-mexico
#4
José Carlos Jaime-Pérez, Lucía Teresa Fernández, Raúl Alberto Jiménez-Castillo, Andrés Gómez-De León, Olga Graciela Cantú-Rodríguez, César Homero Gutiérrez-Aguirre, David Gómez-Almaguer
BACKGROUND: Survival for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) decreases with age. Patients across all age groups from a homogeneous ethnic and socioeconomic background were studied to document age effect. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients diagnosed from 2005 to 2015 at a university hospital in Northeast Mexico were divided into 4 age groups: infants (< 1), children (≥ 1 to < 16), adolescents (≥ 16 to ≤ 20), and adults (> 20 years). Correlation between age at diagnosis and relapse-free (RFS) and overall survival (OS) was investigated...
June 17, 2017: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687461/further-evidence-for-major-repeaters-as-a-subgroup-of-suicide-attempters
#5
Maria Irigoyen-Otiñano, Margarita Puigdevall-Ruestes, Nuria Prades-Salvador, Sara Salort-Seguí, Lidia Gayubo, Jose de Leon, Hilario Blasco-Fontecilla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2017: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676662/directing-the-self-assembly-of-tumour-spheroids-by-bioprinting-cellular-heterogeneous-models-within-alginate-gelatin-hydrogels
#6
Tao Jiang, Jose G Munguia-Lopez, Salvador Flores-Torres, Joel Grant, Sanahan Vijayakumar, Antonio De Leon-Rodriguez, Joseph M Kinsella
Human tumour progression is a dynamic process involving diverse biological and biochemical events such as genetic mutation and selection in addition to physical, chemical, and mechanical events occurring between cells and the tumour microenvironment. Using 3D bioprinting we have developed a method to embed MDA-MB-231 triple negative breast cancer cells, and IMR-90 fibroblast cells, within a cross-linked alginate/gelatin matrix at specific initial locations relative to each other. After 7 days of co-culture the MDA-MB-231 cells begin to form multicellular tumour spheroids (MCTS) that increase in size and frequency over time...
July 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669680/hepatitis-c-virus-core-antigen-in-the-management-of-patients-treated-with-new-direct-acting-antivirals
#7
Juan Carlos Alados Arboledas, Inmaculada Pavón Guerrero, María José Blanco Rodríguez, Eva Torres Martos, Ana Belén Pérez, Cristina Cepero León, Jesus F Sierra Sánchez, María Dolores López Prieto, Natalia Chueca Porcuna, María Dolores Ocete Mochón, Juan Macías, Alberto de la Iglesia Salgado, Javier Rodríguez Granger, Marcial Delgado Fernández, Inmaculada Guerrero Lozano, Elena Reigadas Ramírez, Antonio Rivero, María Del Carmen Lozano Domínguez, Isabel Viciana, Juan Carlos Galán Montemayor, Federico García García
We evaluated the utility of Architect core antigen assay® Abbott Diagnostics (HCVAg) for monitoring patients with HCV infection and compared to HCV-RNA quantification (Cobas Ampliprep TaqMan-Roche Diagnostics). Samples from 262 patients were studied. Mean baseline HCV RNA and HCVAg levels were similar for responders (6.2 log IU/mL and 3.4 log fmol/L) and non-responders (6.1 log IU/mL and 3.2 log fmol/L), respectively. Only 10 patients failed to achieve SVR12 and all were detected by both assays. To evaluate HCVAg quantification as a tool for the detection of failure to DAAs, we performed a retrospective study of 132 non-responder patients...
June 17, 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669537/pneumonia-can-cause-clozapine-intoxication-a-case-report
#8
Can-Jun Ruan, Xue-Yang Zhen, Xin-Liang Ge, Chuan-Yue Wang, Wei Guo, Yi-Lang Tang, Wen-Biao Li, Jose de Leon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657527/-behavior-of-predictive-variables-of-exacerbations-of-the-copd-in-the-neumological-hospital-of-cuba
#9
Yusbiel José León Valdivies, Reinaldo B Sánchez de la Osa, Eberto Garcia Silvera, Delfina Machado Molina, Liliana Oses Herrera
The use of predictive variables of exacerbations of the COPD is not a practice generalized in our environment, for what we cannot characterize the exacerbating patient neither to design strategies for its integral handling. There was carried out a prospective descriptive study to correlate in patient with diagnosis of COPD from the Neumologic Hospital of Cuba, with the objective of determining the association between clinical, functional variables and imagenological and the exacerbations frequency a year. The population was constituted for patients with clinical diagnosis of COPD and the sample for those patients with confirmed diagnosis that they completed the inclusion approaches...
2017: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652112/multinational-retrospective-case-control-study-of-risk-factors-for-the-development-of-late-invasive-pulmonary-aspergillosis-following-kidney-transplantation
#10
Francisco López-Medrano, Mario Fernández-Ruiz, José Tiago Silva, Peggy L Carver, Christian van Delden, Esperanza Merino, María José Pérez-Saez, Milagros Montero, Julien Coussement, Milene de Abreu Mazzolin, Carlos Cervera, Lidia Santos, Nuria Sabé, Anne Scemla, Elisa Cordero, Leónidas Cruzado-Vega, Paloma Leticia Martín-Moreno, Óscar Len, Eddison Rudas, Alfredo Ponce de León, Mariano Arriola, Ricardo Lauzurica, Miruna D David, Claudia González-Rico, Fernando Henríquez-Palop, Jesús Fortún, Marcio Nucci, Oriol Manuel, José Ramón Paño-Pardo, Miguel Montejo, Antonio Vena, Beatriz Sánchez-Sobrino, Auxiliadora Mazuecos, Julio Pascual, Juan Pablo Horcajada, Thanh Lecompte, Asunción Moreno, Jordi Carratalà, Marino Blanes, Domingo Hernández, Erick Alejandro Hernández-Méndez, María Carmen Fariñas, Manuel Perelló-Carrascosa, Patricia Muñoz, Amado Andrés, José María Aguado
OBJECTIVES: To assess the risk factors for the development of late-onset invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) after kidney transplantation (KT). METHODS: We performed a multinational case-control study that retrospectively recruited 112 KT recipients diagnosed with IPA between 2000 and 2013. Controls were matched (1:1 ratio) by center and date of transplantation. Immunosuppression-related events (IREs) included the occurrence of non-ventilator-associated pneumonia, tuberculosis, cytomegalovirus disease and/or de novo malignancy...
June 23, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649008/environmental-traditional-knowledge-in-a-natural-protected-area-as-the-basis-for-management-and-conservation-policies
#11
Juan Fernando Pío-León, Francisco Delgado-Vargas, Bernardo Murillo-Amador, José Luís León-de-la-Luz, Rito Vega-Aviña, Alejandra Nieto-Garibay, Miguel Córdoba-Matson, Alfredo Ortega-Rubio
Ethnobotany is an adequate tool to identify the most import wild edible plants used by local people and to develop strategies for its sustainable use and policy making. This research records the wild edible plants used by the inhabitants of the Sierra la Laguna Biosphere Reserve, in Mexico, and identified priority species for sustainable development. The employed quantitative approach included the application of a food-oriented index named Food Significance Index (FSI), which integrated cultural, agricultural and food parameters; moreover, it used multivariate analysis to identify priority edible species for use and/or conservation...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644358/early-empiric-antibiotic-use-is-associated-with-delayed-feeding-tolerance-in-preterm-infants-a-retrospective-analysis
#12
Francisco E Martinez, Walusa A G Ferri, Clea R Leone, Maria Fernanda Branco de Almeida, Ruth Guinsburg, Jucille do Amaral Meneses, Marynéa Silva do Vale, Sergio Tadeu Martins Marba, Werther Brunow de Carvalho, Ligia Maria Suppo de Souza Rugolo, José Maria de Andrade Lopes, Manoel A Ribeiro, Renato S Procianoy, José Luiz Muniz Bandeira Duarte, Maria Cândida Ferrarez Bouzada, Daniela Marques de Lima Mota Ferreira, Navantino Alves Filho, Edna Maria de Albuquerque Diniz, Dulce Maria Toledo Zanardi, Daniela Testoni, Cristina Nunes Dos Santos, Maria Rafaela Conde Gomzález, Paulyne Stadler Venzon, Jaques Belik
The causative factors of neonatal feeding intolerance are poorly understood, but potentially related to clinical practices such as empiric antibiotic usage. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether early empiric antibiotic exposure negatively affects preterm infants' enteral feeding tolerance. Data from infants without risk factors for sepsis, 500 to 1499 g birth weight and 24 to 34 weeks gestational age were analyzed. The primary outcomes were the empiric antibiotic exposure effects on the infants' total parenteral nutrition usage duration and prevalence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC)...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609654/intertumoral-heterogeneity-within-medulloblastoma-subgroups
#13
Florence M G Cavalli, Marc Remke, Ladislav Rampasek, John Peacock, David J H Shih, Betty Luu, Livia Garzia, Jonathon Torchia, Carolina Nor, A Sorana Morrissy, Sameer Agnihotri, Yuan Yao Thompson, Claudia M Kuzan-Fischer, Hamza Farooq, Keren Isaev, Craig Daniels, Byung-Kyu Cho, Seung-Ki Kim, Kyu-Chang Wang, Ji Yeoun Lee, Wieslawa A Grajkowska, Marta Perek-Polnik, Alexandre Vasiljevic, Cecile Faure-Conter, Anne Jouvet, Caterina Giannini, Amulya A Nageswara Rao, Kay Ka Wai Li, Ho-Keung Ng, Charles G Eberhart, Ian F Pollack, Ronald L Hamilton, G Yancey Gillespie, James M Olson, Sarah Leary, William A Weiss, Boleslaw Lach, Lola B Chambless, Reid C Thompson, Michael K Cooper, Rajeev Vibhakar, Peter Hauser, Marie-Lise C van Veelen, Johan M Kros, Pim J French, Young Shin Ra, Toshihiro Kumabe, Enrique López-Aguilar, Karel Zitterbart, Jaroslav Sterba, Gaetano Finocchiaro, Maura Massimino, Erwin G Van Meir, Satoru Osuka, Tomoko Shofuda, Almos Klekner, Massimo Zollo, Jeffrey R Leonard, Joshua B Rubin, Nada Jabado, Steffen Albrecht, Jaume Mora, Timothy E Van Meter, Shin Jung, Andrew S Moore, Andrew R Hallahan, Jennifer A Chan, Daniela P C Tirapelli, Carlos G Carlotti, Maryam Fouladi, José Pimentel, Claudia C Faria, Ali G Saad, Luca Massimi, Linda M Liau, Helen Wheeler, Hideo Nakamura, Samer K Elbabaa, Mario Perezpeña-Diazconti, Fernando Chico Ponce de León, Shenandoah Robinson, Michal Zapotocky, Alvaro Lassaletta, Annie Huang, Cynthia E Hawkins, Uri Tabori, Eric Bouffet, Ute Bartels, Peter B Dirks, James T Rutka, Gary D Bader, Jüri Reimand, Anna Goldenberg, Vijay Ramaswamy, Michael D Taylor
While molecular subgrouping has revolutionized medulloblastoma classification, the extent of heterogeneity within subgroups is unknown. Similarity network fusion (SNF) applied to genome-wide DNA methylation and gene expression data across 763 primary samples identifies very homogeneous clusters of patients, supporting the presence of medulloblastoma subtypes. After integration of somatic copy-number alterations, and clinical features specific to each cluster, we identify 12 different subtypes of medulloblastoma...
June 12, 2017: Cancer Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584920/co-culture-of-dedifferentiated-and-primary-human-chondrocytes-obtained-from-cadaveric-donor-enhance-the-histological-quality-of-repair-tissue-an-in-vivo-animal-study
#14
Anell Olivos-Meza, Cristina Velasquillo Martínez, Brenda Olivos Díaz, Carlos Landa-Solís, Mats Brittberg, Raul Pichardo Bahena, Carmina Ortega Sanchez, Valentin Martínez, Enrique Alvarez Lara, José Clemente Ibarra-Ponce de León
To compare the quality of the repair tissue in three-dimensional co-culture of human chondrocytes implanted in an in vivo model. Six cadaveric and five live human donors were included. Osteochondral biopsies from the donor knees were harvested for chondrocyte isolation. Fifty percent of cadaveric chondrocytes were expanded until passage-2 (P2) while the remaining cells were cryopreserved in passage-0 (P0). Fresh primary chondrocytes (P0f) obtained from live human donors were co-cultured. Three-dimensional constructs were prepared with a monolayer of passage-2 chondrocytes, collagen membrane (Geistlich Bio-Gide(®)), and pellet of non-co-cultured (P2) or co-cultured chondrocytes (P2 + P0c, P2 + P0f)...
June 5, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559632/achiote-bixa-orellana-l-a-natural-source-of-pigment-and-vitamin-e
#15
REVIEW
Denise Raddatz-Mota, Laura J Pérez-Flores, Fernando Carrari, José A Mendoza-Espinoza, Fernando Díaz de León-Sánchez, Luis L Pinzón-López, Gregorio Godoy-Hernández, Fernando Rivera-Cabrera
Commercialization of agricultural products, including seeds and its derived products, represents an important economic source for developing countries. Natural colorants obtained from the seeds of achiote plant (annatto) have been used since pre-Hispanic times. Also, production of this crop has been important for Mayan cuisine. Annual world production of achiote seeds is approximately 14,500 tons (dry weight). Two thirds of the production is commercialized as dried seeds and the rest as colorant. Latin America produces 60% of the total world production, followed by Africa (27%) and Asia (12%)...
May 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558983/enhancing-global-vaccine-pharmacovigilance-proof-of-concept-study-on-aseptic-meningitis-and-immune-thrombocytopenic-purpura-following-measles-mumps-containing-vaccination
#16
Silvia Perez-Vilar, Daniel Weibel, Miriam Sturkenboom, Steven Black, Christine Maure, Jose Luis Castro, Pamela Bravo-Alcántara, Caitlin N Dodd, Silvana A Romio, Maria de Ridder, Swabra Nakato, Helvert Felipe Molina-León, Varalakshmi Elango, Patrick L F Zuber
New vaccines designed to prevent diseases endemic in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) are now being introduced without prior record of utilization in countries with robust pharmacovigilance systems. To address this deficit, our objective was to demonstrate feasibility of an international hospital-based network for the assessment of potential epidemiological associations between serious and rare adverse events and vaccines in any setting. This was done through a proof-of-concept evaluation of the risk of immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) and aseptic meningitis (AM) following administration of the first dose of measles-mumps-containing vaccines using the self-controlled risk interval method in the primary analysis...
May 27, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539103/possible-oxcarbazepine-inductive-effects-on-aripiprazole-metabolism-a-case-report
#17
Ian R McGrane, Joshua G Loveland, Jose de Leon
Oxcarbazepine is a cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 inducer, which is structurally similar to carbamazepine. Although lacking Food and Drug Administration approval, oxcarbazepine is sometimes prescribed to treat aggressive behavior in youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). These youths may also be taking second-generation antipsychotics, some of which are substrates of the CYP3A4 metabolic pathway. The combination of these medications may result in decreased serum antipsychotic concentrations, potentially reducing effectiveness...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508265/incidence-of-vertebral-fractures-in-women-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-after-8-years-of-follow-up
#18
Mario García-Carrasco, Claudia Mendoza-Pinto, María de la Luz León-Vázquez, Socorro Méndez-Martínez, Ivet Etchegaray-Morales, Álvaro Montiel-Jarquín, Miguel Angel Enriquez-Guerra, Margarita Muñóz-Guarneros, José Luis Gálvez-Romero, Pamela Soto-Santillán, Ricard Cervera
The aim of this study was to evaluate possible associations between potential risk factors and the occurrence of established vertebral fractures (VF) in Mexican patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Consecutive patients with SLE were enrolled in a prospective, observational study from 2006 to 2015. Information on potential risk factors, including demographics, clinical data, and bone mineral density (BMD) at the lumbar spine and hip on dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was collected at baseline and follow-up...
May 15, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492951/information-and-communications-technologies-ict-problematic-use-of-internet-video-games-mobile-phones-instant-messaging-and-social-networks-using-multicage-tic
#19
Eduardo J Pedrero Pérez, José María Ruiz Sánchez de León, Gloria Rojo Mota, Marcos Llanero Luque, Jara Pedrero Aguilar, Sara Morales Alonso, Carmen Puerta García
Use/abuse of Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) has in recent years become a topic of great interest. Current discussion addresses whether it must be considered addictive behaviour and if it is a problem that primarily affects adolescents and youth. This study aims to understand the problems that affect people of all ages in controlling the use of these ICTs and whether they are related to mental health problems, stress and difficulties in executive control of behaviour. A survey was administered through social networks and email, using the MULTICAGE-ICT, a questionnaire that explores problems in the use of Internet, mobile phones, video games, instant messaging and social networks...
April 12, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486489/cytokine-patterns-in-a-prospective-cohort-of-hiv-infected-patients-with-cryptococcal-meningitis-following-initiation-of-antifungal-and-antiretroviral-therapy
#20
Delio José Mora, Kennio Ferreira-Paim, Leonardo Eurípedes Andrade-Silva, Thatiane Bragine, Ivonete Helena Rocha, Barbara de Melo Ribeiro, Guilherme Henrique Machado, Virmondes Rodrigues Junior, David Nascimento Silva-Teixeira, Wieland Meyer, Mario León Silva-Vergara
Cryptococcal meningitis (CM) is a life-threatening infection in HIV-infected patients, especially in resource-limited settings. Cytokine patterns in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and sera may be related to clinical outcomes. This study aimed to evaluate cytokine patterns in the CSF and sera of HIV-infected patients with CM as well as the cytokines produced by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) when stimulated with LPS and cryptococcal GXM. CSF and serum levels of IL-2, IL-4, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p40, IL-17A, INF-γ, TNF-α and CXCL-10 were measured in HIV-infected patients with CM (CM+ HIV+) at various time points...
2017: PloS One
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