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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183085/reviving-research-on-medication-attitudes-for-improving-pharmacotherapy-focusing-on-adherence
#1
Carlos De Las Cuevas, Jose de Leon
There is little current interest in research into patients' attitudes toward medications. In the 1960s, psychiatric researchers including Uhlenhuth, Rickels and Covi focused on this area, but this research topic needs to be revived in the 21st century. The Health Belief Model may hold potential for doing this. This model was initially developed by 2 health psychologists, Rosenstock and Becker, to explain why patients did not follow medical interventions. The application of this model to study medication adherence in psychiatric outpatients has provided multiple findings including the conclusions that adherence is associated with: (1) the balance between internal and external health control beliefs, (2) psychological reactance, (3) patients' attitudes toward prescribed drug treatment in general and (4) the balance between the necessity of taking medications versus the concerns derived from adverse drug reactions (ADRs)...
February 10, 2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166081/the-art-of-pharmacotherapy-reflections-on-pharmacophobia
#2
Jose de Leon, Carlos De Las Cuevas
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: This commentary deals with the neglected issue of the art of psychopharmacology by recounting the authors' journeys. METHODS/PROCEDURES: First, a model of medical science situated within the history of medicine is described including (1) a limitation of the mathematical model of science, (2) the distinction between mechanistic science and mathematical science, (3) how this distinction is applied to medicine, and (4) how this distinction is applied to explain pharmacology to psychiatrists...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143509/a-protective-personal-factor-against-disability-and-dependence-in-the-elderly-an-ordinal-regression-analysis-with-nine-geographically-defined-samples-from-spain
#3
Javier Virues-Ortega, Saturio Vega, Manuel Seijo-Martinez, Pedro Saz, Fernanda Rodriguez, Angel Rodriguez-Laso, Susana Perez de Las Heras, Raimundo Mateos, Pablo Martinez-Martin, Ignacio Mahillo-Fernandez, Josep Garre-Olmo, Jordi Gascon, Francisco Jose Garcia-Garcia, Manuel Fernandez-Martinez, Felix Bermejo-Pareja, Alberto Bergareche, Julian Benito-Leon, Jesus de Pedro-Cuesta
BACKGROUND: Sense of Coherence (SOC) is defined as a tendency to perceive life experiences as comprehensible, manageable and meaningful. The construct is split in three major domains: Comprehensibility, Manageability, and Meaningfulness. SOC has been associated with successful coping strategies in the face of illness and traumatic events and is a predictor of self-reported and objective health in a variety of contexts. In the present study we aim to evaluate the association of SOC with disability and dependence in Spanish elders...
January 31, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128812/the-2009-pandemic-in-mexico-experience-and-lessons-regarding-national-preparedness-policies-for-seasonal-and%C3%A2-epidemic-influenza
#4
Jose A Cordova-Villalobos, Alejandro E Macias, Mauricio Hernandez-Avila, Guillermo Dominguez-Cherit, Hugo Lopez-Gatell, Celia Alpuche-Aranda, Samuel Ponce de León-Rosales
Influenza is a viral respiratory disease capable of causing epidemics that represent a threat for global security. Mexico was the first country to notify the WHO of an outbreak of what later became the first influenza pandemic of the 21st Century, caused by the virus A(H1N1)2009. Before this event Mexico had a national pandemic influenza preparedness plan, which included seasonal influenza vaccination, stockpiles of personal protection equipment and strategic drugs, and risk communication strategies. During the epidemic, the national public health laboratory network and case surveillance systems were strengthened together with surge capacities for intensive care and delivery of antiviral drugs...
January 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119279/effects-of-video-game-training-on-behavioral-and-electrophysiological-measures-of-attention-and-memory-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Soledad Ballesteros, Julia Mayas, Eloisa Ruiz-Marquez, Antonio Prieto, Pilar Toril, Laura Ponce de Leon, Maria L de Ceballos, José Manuel Reales Avilés
BACKGROUND: Neuroplasticity-based approaches seem to offer promising ways of maintaining cognitive health in older adults and postponing the onset of cognitive decline symptoms. Although previous research suggests that training can produce transfer effects, this study was designed to overcome some limitations of previous studies by incorporating an active control group and the assessment of training expectations. OBJECTIVE: The main objectives of this study are (1) to evaluate the effects of a randomized computer-based intervention consisting of training older adults with nonaction video games on brain and cognitive functions that decline with age, including attention and spatial working memory, using behavioral measures and electrophysiological recordings (event-related potentials [ERPs]) just after training and after a 6-month no-contact period; (2) to explore whether motivation, engagement, or expectations might account for possible training-related improvements; and (3) to examine whether inflammatory mechanisms assessed with noninvasive measurement of C-reactive protein in saliva impair cognitive training-induced effects...
January 24, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100304/iron-responsive-like-elements-in-the-parasite-entamoeba-histolytica
#6
Liliana Soto-Castro, Laura Yuliana Plata-Guzman, Elisa Elvira Figueroa-Angulo, Jaeson Calla-Choque, Magda Reyes-Lopez, Mireya DE LA Garza, Nidia Leon-Sicairos, Jose Antonio Garzon-Tiznado, Rossana Arroyo, Claudia Leon-Sicairos
In Entamoeba histolytica, iron modulates virulence and gene expression via unknown regulatory mechanisms. The existence of a posttranscriptional iron regulatory system parallel to the IRE/IRP (Iron-Responsive Element/Iron Regulatory Protein) system in the protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis has recently been reported. Due to their evolutionary closeness and the importance of iron for growth and virulence in these protozoa, we hypothesized the existence of an IRE/IRP-like mechanism in E. histolytica. To determine the presence of IRE-like elements in some mRNAs from this parasite, we performed in silico analyses of the 5'- and 3'-UTRs of mRNAs encoding virulence factors and cytoskeleton, ribosomal, and metabolism proteins...
January 18, 2017: Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061377/tnf-%C3%AE-increases-in-the-csf-of-children-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-before-cns-relapse
#7
José Carlos Jaime-Pérez, Carmen Magdalena Gamboa-Alonso, Raúl Alberto Jiménez-Castillo, Leslie Jazmín López-Silva, Mónica Andrea Pinzón-Uresti, Andrés Gómez-De León, David Gómez-Almaguer
There is scarce information regarding the concentration of cytokines in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and their clinical association with CNS status. A prospective analysis of 40 patients <18years with newly diagnosed ALL was performed. Human cytokine magnetic bead panel assay values of IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, MCP-1, TNF-α in CSF at diagnosis, end of induction to remission, and 6months after diagnosis were determined. IL-6 and MCP-1 values showed a significant increment at the end of induction...
December 23, 2016: Blood Cells, Molecules & Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059677/hydrocephalus-in-a-patient-with-an-unruptured-pial-arteriovenous-fistula-hydrodynamic-considerations-endovascular-treatment-and-clinical-course
#8
Jesús A Morales-Gómez, Vicente V Garza-Oyervides, José A Arenas-Ruiz, Mariana Mercado-Flores, C Guillermo Elizondo-Riojas, Frederick A Boop, Ángel Martínez-Ponce de León
Intracranial pial arteriovenous fistulas, also known as nongalenic fistulas, are rare vascular malformations affecting predominantly the pediatric population. Hydrocephalus is an unusual presentation in which the exact pathophysiology is not fully understood. The aim of treatment in these cases is occlusion of the fistula prior to considering ventricular shunting. Here, the authors describe the hydrodynamic considerations of the paravascular pathway and the resolution of hydrocephalus with endovascular treatment of the fistula...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045753/nodules-on-the-hands
#9
Laura Berbegal, Jose C Pascual, Francisco J De Leon, Jaime Guijarro, Maria Niveiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045751/nodules-on-the-hands-challenge
#10
Laura Berbegal, Jose C Pascual, Francisco J De Leon, Jaime Guijarro, Maria Niveiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030600/isoniazid-mono-resistant-tuberculosis-impact-on-treatment-outcome-and-survival-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-patients-in-southern-mexico-1995-2010
#11
Renata Báez-Saldaña, Guadalupe Delgado-Sánchez, Lourdes García-García, Luis Pablo Cruz-Hervert, Marlene Montesinos-Castillo, Leticia Ferreyra-Reyes, Miriam Bobadilla-Del-Valle, Sergio Canizales-Quintero, Elizabeth Ferreira-Guerrero, Norma Téllez-Vázquez, Rogelio Montero-Campos, Mercedes Yanes-Lane, Norma Mongua-Rodriguez, Rosa Areli Martínez-Gamboa, José Sifuentes-Osornio, Alfredo Ponce-de-León
BACKGROUND: Isoniazid mono-resistance (IMR) is the most common form of mono-resistance; its world prevalence is estimated to range between 0.0 to 9.5% globally. There is no consensus on how these patients should be treated. OBJECTIVE: To describe the impact of IMR tuberculosis (TB) on treatment outcome and survival among pulmonary TB patients treated under programmatic conditions in Orizaba, Veracruz, Mexico. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of pulmonary TB patients in Southern Mexico...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992982/-prevalence-of-birth-defects-in-risaralda-2010-2013
#12
Gloria Liliana Porras-Hurtado, Olga Mercedes León-Castañeda, Jaime Molano-Hurtado, Sandra Lorena Quiceno, Harry Pachajoa, Juan José Montoya
INTRODUCTION: The data regarding birth defects at local levels in developing countries like Colombia are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To describe the profile of congenital abnormalities in the province of Risaralda, Colombia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included the information on infants with structural and functional abnormalities at birth between June, 2010, and December, 2013, from records of the Instituto Nacional de Salud, and compared it with those of children born in the same period in a local clinic participating in the Collaborative Study of Congenital Malformations...
December 1, 2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990836/practical-aspects-of-high-resolution-esophageal-manometry
#13
Antonio Ruiz de León San Juan, Constanza Ciriza de Los Ríos, Julio Pérez de la Serna Bueno, Fernando Canga Rodríguez-Valcárcel, Fermín Estremera Arévalo, Raquel García Sánchez, José Walter Huamán Ríos, María Teresa Pérez Fernández, Cecilio Santander Vaquero, Jordi Serra Pueyo, Concepción Sevilla Mantilla, Elisabeth Barba Orozco, María José Bosque López, Sergio Casabona Francés, Silvia Carrión Bolorino, Pilar Castillo Grau, Silvia Delgado Aros, Ana Belén Domínguez Carbajo, Pilar Fernández Orcajo, Javier García-Lledó, Froilán Gigantó Tomé, Rosa Iglesias Picazo, Gloria Lacima Vidal, Pilar López López, Magdalena Llabrés Rosselló, Pilar Mas Mercader, Marianela Mego Silva, María Usua Mendarte Barrenetxea, Carlos Miliani Molina, Milagros Oreja Arrayago, Francisco Sánchez Ceballos, Sandra Sánchez Prudencio
High resolution esophageal manometry (HRM) is currently under development as can be seen in the various Chicago classifications. In order to standardize criteria in certain practical aspects with limited scientific evidence, the First National Meeting for Consensus in High Resolution Manometry of the Spanish Digestive Motility Group took place, bringing together a wide group of experts. The proposals were based on a prior survey composed of 47 questions, an exhaustive review of the available literature and the experience of the participants...
December 19, 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988223/mexican-registry-of-pulmonary-hypertension-remehip
#14
Julio Sandoval Zarate, Carlos Jerjes-Sanchez, Alicia Ramirez-Rivera, Tomas Pulido Zamudio, Pedro Gutierrez-Fajardo, Jose Elizalde Gonzalez, Mario Seoane Garcia De Leon, Miguel Beltran Gamez, Francisco Moreno Hoyos Abril, Rodolfo Parra Michel, Humberto Garcia Aguilar
OBJECTIVE: REMEHIP is a prospective, multicentre registry on pulmonary hypertension. The main objective will be to identify the clinical profile, medical care, therapeutic trends and outcomes in adult and pediatric Mexican patients with well-characterized pulmonary hypertension. METHODS: REMEHIP a multicenter registry began in 2015 with a planned recruitment time of 12 months and a 4-year follow-up. The study population will comprise a longitudinal cohort study, collecting data on patients with prevalent and incident pulmonary hypertension...
January 2017: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977122/comparative-analysis-of-the-neurochemical-profile-and-mao-inhibition-properties-of-n-furan-2-ylmethyl-n-methylprop-2-yn-1-amine
#15
Philippe De Deurwaerdère, Claudia Binda, Rémi Corne, Cosima Leone, Aurora Valeri, Massimo Valoti, Rona R Ramsay, Yagamare Fall, José Marco-Contelles
The regulation of brain monoamine levels is paramount for cognitive functions, and the monoamine oxidase (MAO A and B) enzymes play a central role in these processes. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the procognitive properties exerted by propargylamine N-(furan-2-ylmethyl)-N-methylprop-2-yn-1-amine (F2MPA) are related to changes in monoamine content via MAO inhibition. In vivo microdialysis and ex vivo amine metabolite measurement demonstrated region-specific alterations in monoamine metabolism that differ from both of the classic MAO A and MAO B inhibitors, clorgyline and l-deprenyl, respectively...
December 30, 2016: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967291/novel-hypoglycemia-phenotype-in-congenital-hyperinsulinism-due-to-dominant-mutations-of-uncoupling-protein-2-ucp2
#16
Christine T Ferrara, Kara E Boodhansingh, Elenora Paradies, Fiermonte Giuseppe, Linda J Steinkrauss, Lisa Swartz Topor, Jose Bernardo Quintos, Arupa Ganguly, Diva D De Leon, Ferdinando Palmieri, Charles A Stanley
CONTEXT: The rarest genetic form of congenital hyperinsulinism (HI) has been associated with dominant inactivating mutations in uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2), a mitochondrial inner membrane carrier that modulates the oxidation of glucose vs amino acids. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of UCP2 mutations in children with HI and phenotypic features of this form of HI. DESIGN: We examined 211 children with diazoxide-responsive HI seen at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) between 1997 and October 2016...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951745/studies-on-phytochemical-antioxidant-anti-inflammatory-hypoglycaemic-and-antiproliferative-activities-of-echinacea-purpurea-and-echinacea-angustifolia-extracts
#17
Rayn Clarenc Aarland, Angel Ernesto Bañuelos-Hernández, Mabel Fragoso-Serrano, Edgar Del Carmen Sierra-Palacios, Fernando Díaz de León-Sánchez, Laura Josefina Pérez-Flores, Fernando Rivera-Cabrera, José Alberto Mendoza-Espinoza
CONTEXT: Echinacea (Asteraceae) is used because of its pharmacological properties. However, there are few studies that integrate phytochemical analyses with pharmacological effects. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the chemical profile and biological activity of hydroalcoholic Echinacea extracts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Density, dry matter, phenols (Folin-Ciocalteu method), flavonoids (AlCl3 method), alkylamides (GC-MS analysis), antioxidant capacity (DPPH and ABTS methods), antiproliferative effect (SRB assay), anti-inflammatory effect (paw oedema assay, 11 days/Wistar rats; 0...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912128/time-to-grow-circadian-regulation-of-growth-and-metabolism-in-photosynthetic-organisms
#18
REVIEW
Santiago Mora-García, María José de Leone, Marcelo Yanovsky
Circadian clocks are molecular devices that help adjust organisms to periodic environmental changes. Although formally described as self-sustaining oscillators that are synchronized by external cues and produce defined outputs, it is increasingly clear that physiological processes not only are regulated by, but also regulate the function of the clock. We discuss three recent examples of the intimate relationships between the function of the clock, growth and metabolism in photosynthetic organisms: the daily tracking of sun by sunflowers, the fine computations plants and cyanobacteria perform to manage carbon reserves and prevent starvation, and the changes in clock parameters that went along with domestication of tomato...
November 29, 2016: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907067/incidence-mortality-and-positive-predictive-value-of-type-1-cardiorenal-syndrome-in-acute-coronary-syndrome
#19
Raquel Pimienta González, Patricia Couto Comba, Marcos Rodríguez Esteban, José Juan Alemán Sánchez, Julio Hernández Afonso, María Del Cristo Rodríguez Pérez, Itahisa Marcelino Rodríguez, Buenaventura Brito Díaz, Roberto Elosua, Antonio Cabrera de León
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the risk of cardiovascular mortality associated with cardiorenal syndrome subtype 1 (CRS1) in patients who were hospitalized for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) was greater than the expected risk based on the sum of its components, to estimate the predictive value of CRS1, and to determine whether the severity of CRS1 worsens the prognosis. METHODS: Follow-up study of 1912 incident cases of ACS for 1 year after discharge. Cox regression models were estimated with time to event (in-hospital death, and readmission or death during the first year after discharge) as the dependent variable...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895278/paracoccidioidomycosis-in-brazilian-patients-with-and-without-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection
#20
Fabrício Arantes de Almeida, Fernando Freitas Neves, Delio Jose Mora, Tarcisio Albertin Dos Reis, Diego Moelas Sotini, Barbara De Melo Ribeiro, Leonardo Eurípedes Andrade-Silva, Gabriel Nogueira Nascentes, Kennio Ferreira-Paim, Mario León Silva-Vergara
Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is endemic to Latin America, where 10 million people may be infected with Paracoccidioides brasiliensis/Paracoccidioides lutzii and 1,600,000 individuals live with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. An epidemiological overlapping of these infections occurred early in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome era with nearly 180 published cases. This study presents epidemiological, clinical, and outcome profiles for 31 PCM patients with HIV infection diagnosed in a teaching hospital in Brazil, and includes an update of previously reported cases...
February 8, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
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