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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539103/possible-oxcarbazepine-inductive-effects-on-aripiprazole-metabolism-a-case-report
#1
Ian R McGrane, Joshua G Loveland, Jose de Leon
Oxcarbazepine is a cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 inducer, which is structurally similar to carbamazepine. Although lacking Food and Drug Administration approval, oxcarbazepine is sometimes prescribed to treat aggressive behavior in youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). These youths may also be taking second-generation antipsychotics, some of which are substrates of the CYP3A4 metabolic pathway. The combination of these medications may result in decreased serum antipsychotic concentrations, potentially reducing effectiveness...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508265/incidence-of-vertebral-fractures-in-women-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-after-8-years-of-follow-up
#2
Mario García-Carrasco, Claudia Mendoza-Pinto, María de la Luz León-Vázquez, Socorro Méndez-Martínez, Ivet Etchegaray-Morales, Álvaro Montiel-Jarquín, Miguel Angel Enriquez-Guerra, Margarita Muñóz-Guarneros, José Luis Gálvez-Romero, Pamela Soto-Santillán, Ricard Cervera
The aim of this study was to evaluate possible associations between potential risk factors and the occurrence of established vertebral fractures (VF) in Mexican patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Consecutive patients with SLE were enrolled in a prospective, observational study from 2006 to 2015. Information on potential risk factors, including demographics, clinical data, and bone mineral density (BMD) at the lumbar spine and hip on dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was collected at baseline and follow-up...
May 15, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492951/information-and-communications-technologies-ict-problematic-use-of-internet-video-games-mobile-phones-instant-messaging-and-social-networks-using-multicage-tic
#3
Eduardo J Pedrero Pérez, José María Ruiz Sánchez de León, Gloria Rojo Mota, Marcos Llanero Luque, Jara Pedrero Aguilar, Sara Morales Alonso, Carmen Puerta García
Use/abuse of Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) has in recent years become a topic of great interest. Current discussion addresses whether it must be considered addictive behaviour and if it is a problem that primarily affects adolescents and youth. This study aims to understand the problems that affect people of all ages in controlling the use of these ICTs and whether they are related to mental health problems, stress and difficulties in executive control of behaviour. A survey was administered through social networks and email, using the MULTICAGE-ICT, a questionnaire that explores problems in the use of Internet, mobile phones, video games, instant messaging and social networks...
April 12, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486489/cytokine-patterns-in-a-prospective-cohort-of-hiv-infected-patients-with-cryptococcal-meningitis-following-initiation-of-antifungal-and-antiretroviral-therapy
#4
Delio José Mora, Kennio Ferreira-Paim, Leonardo Eurípedes Andrade-Silva, Thatiane Bragine, Ivonete Helena Rocha, Barbara de Melo Ribeiro, Guilherme Henrique Machado, Virmondes Rodrigues Junior, David Nascimento Silva-Teixeira, Wieland Meyer, Mario León Silva-Vergara
Cryptococcal meningitis (CM) is a life-threatening infection in HIV-infected patients, especially in resource-limited settings. Cytokine patterns in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and sera may be related to clinical outcomes. This study aimed to evaluate cytokine patterns in the CSF and sera of HIV-infected patients with CM as well as the cytokines produced by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) when stimulated with LPS and cryptococcal GXM. CSF and serum levels of IL-2, IL-4, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p40, IL-17A, INF-γ, TNF-α and CXCL-10 were measured in HIV-infected patients with CM (CM+ HIV+) at various time points...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453332/long-term-intermittent-exposure-to-high-altitude-elevates-asymmetric-dimethylarginine-in-first-exposed-young-adults
#5
Nicole Lüneburg, Patricia Siques, Julio Brito, Juan José De La Cruz, Fabiola León-Velarde, Juliane Hannemann, Cristian Ibanez, Rainer H Böger
Lüneburg, Nicole, Patricia Siques, Julio Brito, Juan José De La Cruz, Fabiola León-Velarde, Juliane Hannemann, Cristian Ibanez, and Rainer Böger. Long-term intermittent exposure to high altitude elevates asymmetric dimethylarginine in first exposed young adults. High Alt Med Biol 00:000-000, 2017.-Hypoxia-induced dysregulation of pulmonary and cerebral circulation may be related to an impaired nitric oxide (NO) pathway. We investigated the effect of chronic intermittent hypobaric hypoxia (CIH) on metabolites of the NO pathway...
April 28, 2017: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452836/early-empiric-antibiotic-use-is-associated-with-delayed-feeding-tolerance-in-preterm-infants-a-retrospective-analysis
#6
Francisco E Martinez, Walusa A G Ferri, Clea R Leone, Maria Fernanda Branco de Almeida, Ruth Guinsburg, Jucille do Amaral Meneses, Marynéa Silva do Vale, Sergio Tadeu Martins Marba, Werther Brunow de Carvalho, Ligia Maria Suppo de Souza Rugolo, José Maria de Andrade Lopes, Manoel A Ribeiro, Renato S Procianoy, José Luiz Muniz Bandeira Duarte, Maria Cândida Ferrarez Bouzada, Daniela Marques de Lima Mota Ferreira, Navantino Alves Filho, Edna Maria de Albuquerque Diniz, Dulce Maria Toledo Zanardi, Daniela Testoni, Cristina Nunes Dos Santos, Maria Rafaela Conde Gomzález, Paulyne Stadler Venzon, Jaques Belik
The causative factors of neonatal feeding intolerance are poorly understood, but potentially related to clinical practices such as empiric antibiotic usage.The objective of this study was to evaluate whether early empiric antibiotic exposure negatively affects preterm infants' enteral feeding tolerance.Data from infants without risk factors for sepsis, 500-1499 g birth weight and 24-34 weeks gestational age were analysed. The primary outcomes were the empiric antibiotic exposure effects on the infants' total parenteral nutrition usage duration and prevalence of necrotizing enterocolitis...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441001/-mexican-asthma-guidelines-guima-2017
#7
Désirée Larenas-Linnemann, Jorge Salas-Hernández, Juan Carlos Vázquez-García, Ignacio Ortiz-Aldana, Margarita Fernández-Vega, Blanca Estela Del Río-Navarro, María Del Carmen Cano-Salas, Jorge Agustín Luna-Pech, José Antonio Ortega-Martell, Jade Romero-Lombard, Erika Del Carmen López-Estrada, Jimena Villaverde-Rosas, José Luis Mayorga-Butrón, Mario Humberto Vargas-Becerra, Martín Bedolla-Barajas, Noel Rodríguez-Pérez, Ambrocio Aguilar-Aranda, Carlos Adrián Jiménez-González, Carlos García-Bolaños, Claudia Garrido-Galindo, David Alejandro Mendoza-Hernández, Enrique Mendoza-López, Gerardo López-Pérez, Guillermo Hideo Wakida-Kuzonoki, Héctor Hernán Ruiz-Gutiérrez, Héctor León-Molina, Héctor Martínez-De la Lanza, Héctor Stone-Aguilar, Javier Gómez-Vera, Jorge Olvera-Salinas, José Joel Oyoqui-Flores, José Luis Gálvez-Romero, José Santos Lozano-Sáenz, Juan Ignacio Salgado-Gama, Marcos Alejandro Jiménez-Chobillon, Martha Angélica García-Avilés, Martha Patricia Guinto-Balanzar, Miguel Alejandro Medina-Ávalos, Robert Camargo-Angeles, Rogelio García-Torrentera, Saraí Toral-Freyre, Gabriel Montes-Narváez, Héctor Solorio-Gómez, Juan Rosas-Peña, Sergio Jesús Romero-Tapia, Adela Reyes-Herrera, Francisco Cuevas-Schacht, Joaquín Esquer-Flores, José Antonio Sacre-Hazouri, Lorenzo Compean-Martínez, Pablo Julián Medina-Sánchez, Sergio Garza-Salinas, Carlos Báez-Loyola, Iraís Romero-Alvarado, José Luis Miguel-Reyes, Laura Elizabeth Huerta-Espinosa, Manuel Ángel Correa-Flores, Ricardo Castro-Martínez
BACKGROUND: The need for a national guideline, with a broad basis among specialists and primary care physicians was felt in Mexico, to try unifying asthma management. As several high-quality asthma guidelines exist worldwide, it was decided to select the best three for transculturation. METHODS: Following the internationally recommended methodology for guideline transculturation, ADAPTE, a literature search for asthma guidelines, published 1-1-2007 through 31-12-2015 was conducted...
2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429489/transcriptional-analysis-of-the-adaptation-of-ustilago-maydis-during-growth-under-nitrogen-fixation-conditions
#8
José Alejandro Sánchez-Arreguin, Miguel Angel Hernandez-Oñate, Claudia Geraldine León-Ramirez, José Ruiz-Herrera
Regulation of genes involved in nitrogen metabolism likely plays a role in the ability of fungi to exploit and survive under different environmental situations. To learn about the mechanism of adaptation of the biotrophic fungus Ustilago maydis from a medium containing a source of fixed nitrogen, to a medium depending on the ability to fix N2 by its bacterial endosymbiont, we explored gene expression profiles using RNA-Seq analyses under these two conditions. The differentially expressed (DE) fungal genes were analyzed, identifying 90 genes that were regulated 24 h after shifting the fungus to media lacking ammonium nitrate as a nitrogen source...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423851/a-standardized-and-data-quality-assessed-maternal-child-care-integrated-data-repository-for-research-and-monitoring-of-best-practices-a-pilot-project-in-spain
#9
Carlos Sáez, David Moner, Ricardo García-De-León-Chocano, Verónica Muñoz-Soler, Ricardo García-De-León-González, José Alberto Maldonado, Diego Boscá, Salvador Tortajada, Montserrat Robles, Juan M García-Gómez, Manuel Alcaraz, Pablo Serrano, José L Bernal, Jesús Rodríguez, Gerardo Bustos, Miguel Esparza
We present the results of a pilot project of the Spanish Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equality, envisaged to the development of a national integrated data repository of maternal-child care information. Based on health information standards and data quality assessment procedures, the developed repository is aimed to a reliable data reuse for (1) population research and (2) the monitoring of healthcare best practices. Data standardization was provided by means of two main ISO 13606 archetypes (composed of 43 sub-archetypes), the first dedicated to the delivery and birth information and the second about the infant feeding information from delivery up to two years...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405160/factors-influencing-adherence-to-psychopharmacological-medications-in-psychiatric-patients-a-structural-equation-modeling-approach
#10
Carlos De Las Cuevas, Jose de Leon, Wenceslao Peñate, Moisés Betancort
PURPOSE: To evaluate pathways through which sociodemographic, clinical, attitudinal, and perceived health control variables impact psychiatric patients' adherence to psychopharmacological medications. METHOD: A sample of 966 consecutive psychiatric outpatients was studied. The variables were sociodemographic (age, gender, and education), clinical (diagnoses, drug treatment, and treatment duration), attitudinal (attitudes toward psychopharmacological medication and preferences regarding participation in decision-making), perception of control over health (health locus of control, self-efficacy, and psychological reactance), and level of adherence to psychopharmacological medications...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403570/tnf-as-marker-of-oral-candidiasis-hsv-infection-and-mucositis-onset-during-chemotherapy-in-leukemia-patients
#11
Velia Ramírez-Amador, José Gabriel Zambrano, Gabriela Anaya-Saavedra, Alejandro Zentella-Dehesa, Esther Irigoyen Camacho, N Meráz-Cruz, Sergio Ponce de León
OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in the salivary expression of IL-1α,-1β,-2,-6,-10,-17 and TNF in acute leukemia (AL) patients before and during chemotherapy, and its association with HSV infection, oral candidiasis (OC) and oral mucositis (OM) onset. METHODS: Cohort study in AL patients >15 years starting induction chemotherapy at a Mexican oncological center (2013-2014). Oral lesions (OLs) onset was assessed during follow-up, and saliva was obtained at baseline, at visit 2 (days 4-12) and at visit 3 (days 13-21) after chemotherapy; treated with a protease inhibitor and stored at -70°C...
April 12, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396815/catatonia-secondary-to-sudden-clozapine-withdrawal-a-case-with-three-repeated-episodes-and-a-literature-review
#12
John Bilbily, Betsy McCollum, Jose de Leon
A literature search identified 9 previously published cases that were considered as possible cases of catatonia secondary to sudden clozapine withdrawal. Two of these 9 cases did not provide enough information to make a diagnosis of catatonia according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 5th Edition (DSM-5). The Liverpool Adverse Drug Reaction (ADR) Causality Scale was modified to assess ADRs secondary to drug withdrawal. From the 7 published cases which met DSM-5 catatonia criteria, using the modified scale, we established that 3 were definitive and 4 were probable cases of catatonia secondary to clozapine withdrawal...
2017: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355041/clozapine-augmentation-with-antiepileptic-drugs-for-treatment-resistant-schizophrenia-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#13
Wei Zheng, Yu-Tao Xiang, Xin-Hu Yang, Ying-Qiang Xiang, Jose de Leon
OBJECTIVE: To meta-analyze randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for the efficacy and safety of adjunctive antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) to augment clozapine therapy for treatment-resistant schizophrenia. DATA SOURCES: The search included databases in English (PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register) and in Chinese (China Journal Net [CJN], WanFang, and China Biology Medicine [CBM]) and references from retrieved articles...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335754/the-structural-and-health-policy-environment-for-delivering-integrated-hiv-and-substance-use-disorder-treatments-in-puerto-rico
#14
Jared A Leff, Diana Hernández, Paul A Teixeira, Pedro C Castellón, Daniel J Feaster, Allan E Rodriguez, Jorge L Santana-Bagur, Sandra Miranda De León, José Vargas Vidot, Lisa R Metsch, Bruce R Schackman
BACKGROUND: HIV prevalence in Puerto Rico is nearly twice that of the mainland United States, a level that was substantially fueled by injection drug use. Puerto Rico has a longstanding history of health provision by the public sector that directly affects how HIV and substance use disorder (SUD) treatment services are provided and funded. As part of pre-implementation research for a randomized trial of a community-level intervention to enhance HIV care access for substance users in San Juan, Puerto Rico, we sought to understand the structural and health policy environment for providing HIV and SUD treatments...
March 23, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321383/direct-endonasal-approach-with-partial-upper-posterior-septectomy-a-rescue-flap-technique-modification
#15
Arturo Sotomayor-González, Armando José Díaz-Martínez, Ramón Radillo-Gil, Everardo García-Estrada, Jesús Alberto Morales-Gómez, Isaac Jair Palacios-Ortiz, Samuel Pérez-Cárdenas, Mauricio Arteaga-Treviño, Ángel Martínez-Ponce De León
Objective Report a modification of the "rescue flap" technique using a direct endonasal approach with a partial superior septectomy for approaching pituitary tumors developed in our institution. Design Prospective study. Setting Hospital Universitario "Dr. José Eleuterio González," Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León. Main Outcome Measures Since April 2015, we have performed 19 cases employing a direct endonasal approach with partial superior septectomy. Results and a technical note are described below...
April 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291046/effectiveness-of-different-deep-dry-needling-dosages-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-cervical-myofascial-pain-a-pilot-rct
#16
Josué Fernández-Carnero, Laura Gilarranz-de-Frutos, Jose Vicente León-Hernández, Daniel Pecos-Martin, Isabel Alguacil-Diego, Tomás Gallego-Izquierdo, Aitor Martín-Pintado-Zugasti
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of different dosages of local twitch responses (LTRs) elicited by deep dry needling (DDN) in relation to pain intensity, pressure pain threshold (PPT), cervical range of movement (CROM), and disability degree in cervical myofascial pain patients. DESIGN: A randomized, double-blind clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-four patients (21 males, 63 females; 27.18 ± 10.91 yrs) with cervical pain. INTERVENTIONS: DDN in active myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) in the upper trapezius...
March 14, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283575/interaction-of-amyloid-%C3%AE-a%C3%AE-oligomers-with-neurexin-2%C3%AE-and-neuroligin-1-mediates-synapse-damage-and-memory-loss-in-mice
#17
Jordano Brito-Moreira, Mychael V Lourenco, Mauricio M Oliveira, Felipe C Ribeiro, José Henrique Ledo, Luan P Diniz, Juliana F S Vital, Margaret H Magdesian, Helen M Melo, Fernanda Barros-Aragão, Jorge M de Souza, Soniza V Alves-Leon, Flavia C A Gomes, Julia R Clarke, Cláudia P Figueiredo, Fernanda G De Felice, Sergio T Ferreira
Brain accumulation of the amyloid-β protein (Aβ) and synapse loss are neuropathological hallmarks of Alzheimer disease (AD). Aβ oligomers (AβOs) are synaptotoxins that build up in the brains of patients and are thought to contribute to memory impairment in AD. Thus, identification of novel synaptic components that are targeted by AβOs may contribute to the elucidation of disease-relevant mechanisms. Trans-synaptic interactions between neurexins (Nrxs) and neuroligins (NLs) are essential for synapse structure, stability, and function, and reduced NL levels have been associated recently with AD...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266901/collaborative-approach-of-individual-participant-data-of-prospective-studies-of-de-escalation-in-non-immunosuppressed-critically-ill-patients-with-sepsis
#18
Antonio Gutiérrez-Pizarraya, Marc Leone, Jose Garnacho-Montero, Claude Martin, Ignacio Martin-Loeches
BACKGROUND: There is a concern to conduct de-escalation in very sick patients. AIMS: To determine if de-escalation is feasible in ICU settings. METHODS: We performed a metaanalysis of published studies conducted comparing de-escalation (defined by withdrawal of at least one antimicrobial empirically prescribed, switch to a new antimicrobial with narrower spectrum and withdrawal of at least one antimicrobial plus change of another drug to a new one with narrower spectrum) in non-immunocompromised patients with sepsis admitted to ICU...
April 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248445/prevalence-and-distribution-of-hepatitis-c-virus-genotypes-in-spain-during-the-2000-2015-period-the-gehep-005-study
#19
Antonio Aguilera, Daniel Navarro, Francisco Rodríguez Frias, Isabel Viciana, Ana María Martínez-Sapiña, Mario José Rodríguez, Elisa Martró, María Del Carmen Lozano, Eleda Coletta, Laura Cardeñoso, Avelina Suárez, Matilde Trigo, Javier Rodríguez-Granjer, Natalia Montiel, Alberto de la Iglesia, Juan Carlos Alados, Cesar Vegas, Samuel Bernal, Felipe Fernández-Cuenca, María José Pena, Gabriel Reina, Silvia García-Bujalance, María Julia Echevarria, Laura Benítez, Sonia Pérez-Castro, Dolores Ocete, Isabel García-Arata, Carmen Guerrero, Manuel Rodríguez-Iglesias, Paz Casas, Federico García
AIM: We report the largest study on the prevalence and distribution of HCV genotypes in Spain (2000-2015), and we relate them with clinical, epidemiological and virological factors. METHODS: Patients from 29 hospitals in 10 autonomous communities (Andalusia, Aragon, Castilla-Leon, Catalonia, Galicia, Canary Islands, Madrid-Community, Valencian-Community, Murcia Region and Basque Country) have been studied. Annual distribution of HCV genotypes and subtypes, as well as gender, age, transmission route, HIV and/or HBV-coinfection, and treatment details were recorded...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243038/the-role-of-flow-cytometry-in-celiac-disease-screening-using-human-leukocyte-antigen-in-adult-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Miren Vicuña Arregui, Jose Manuel Zozaya Urmeneta, Helena León Brito, Juan Pablo Martínez De Esteban, Carlos Prieto Martínez, Lluis Forga Llenas, Erkuden Aranburu Urtasun, Francisco Sala Pericas, Ramón Angós Musgo, Maria Rosario Mercado Gutierrez, Mercedes Palacios Sarrasqueta
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) have an increased risk of celiac disease (CD). Since CD can be seronegative, more sensible tests for detection are needed. In seronegative patients, CD diagnosis may be difficult because of a lack of specificity. Flow cytometry analysis of lymphocyte populations can be useful in this situation. We aimed to study the prevalence of CD in adult DM1 using human leukocyte antigen (HLA) compatibility-based screening. A secondary goal was to study the role of flow cytometry as a complementary tool in these patients...
2017: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
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