keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Intensive care unit pediatrics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789855/how-does-scorten-score
#1
Sarah Zavala, Megan O'Mahony, Cara Joyce, Anthony J Baldea
The Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis-specific severity of illness score (SCORTEN) was developed to predict mortality in patients with Stevens Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis (SJS/TEN). Several studies have attempted to assess the accuracy of SCORTEN with mixed results. The objective of this study is to compare the predicted and actual mortality for patients with SJS/TEN admitted to a single high-volume burn center.This retrospective study included adult and pediatric patients admitted to our burn center with biopsy-confirmed SJS/TEN between February 2008 and February 2016...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788796/off-hours-admissions-and-mortality-in-picu-without-24-hour-onsite-intensivist-coverage
#2
Farah Chedly Thabet, Faisal Ahmed alHaffaf, Iheb Mohamed Bougmiza, Hend Ali Bafaqih, May Said Chehab, Sulaiman Abdulkareem alMohaimeed
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the off-hours admission has any effect on risk-adjusted mortality and length of stay for nonelective patients admitted to a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) without 24-hour in-house intensivist coverage. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: A 34-bed tertiary PICU. PATIENTS: All consecutive nonelective patients aged 0 to 14 years admitted from January 2012 to June 2015. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: A total of 1254 patients were nonelectively admitted to the PICU...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788460/general-principles-for-pial-synangiosis-in-pediatric-moyamoya-patients-2-dimensional-operative-video
#3
David L Penn, Kyle C Wu, Kayla R Presswood, Coleman P Riordan, R Michael Scott, Edward R Smith
Pial synangiosis is a method of indirect surgical revascularization developed at our institution for the treatment of moyamoya disease in pediatric patients. Similar surgical principles are employed in adult cases, often performed because of lack of an adequate donor vessel. Standardized protocols, including preadmission for preoperative intravenous hydration and aspirin administration, as well as intraoperative electroencephalography, are routinely employed to minimize operative risk. Perioperative heparinization is not required...
May 18, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786813/prediction-of-mortality-in-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-implementations-from-a-tertiary-pediatric-intensive-care-facility
#4
Ebru Atike Ongun, Oğuz Dursun
BACKGROUND: To explore the mortality risk factors of traumatic brain injury in pediatric intensive care unit admissions. METHODS: Eighty-eight children (categorized using the Glasgow Coma Scale) between September 2014 and December 2016 were analyzed. Emergency department and intensive care course, treatment strategies, axonal injury, intubation and tracheostomy rates, length of intensive care and hospitalization, Rotterdam-CT scores, injury severity scores, and PRISM-III scores were recorded...
May 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786021/developing-and-implementing-a-global-emergency-medicine-course-lessons-learned-from-rwanda
#5
Sojung Yi, Olivier Félix Umuhire, Doris Uwamahoro, Mindi Guptill, Giles N Cattermole
Background: There is a growing demand by medical trainees for meaningful, short-term global emergency medicine (EM) experiences. EM programs in high-income countries (HICs) have forged opportunities for their trainees to access this experience in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, few programs in LMICs have created and managed such courses. As more LMICs establish EM programs, these settings are ideal for developing courses beneficial for all participants. We describe our experience of creating and implementing a short-term global EM course in Rwanda...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783818/-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-combined-with-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-pediatric-cardiopulmonary-failure
#6
Y P Zhou, J Y Shi, F Wang, Y Cui, T T Xu, C X Wang, Y C Zhang
Objective: To explore the effectiveness and safety of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) combined with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) on rescuing pediatric patients with cardiopulmonary failure. Methods: The medical records of patients treated with ECMO admitted to pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) in Shanghai Children's Hospital from December 2015 to November 2017 were retrospectively extracted. There were 14 patients treated with ECMO combined with CRRT (ECMO+ CRRT group) due to acute kidney injury (AKI) or fluid overload, while 11 cases treated with ECMO only...
May 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782464/use-of-probiotics-in-the-prevention-of-nosocomial-infections
#7
Ivana Trivić, Iva Hojsak
Nosocomial, hospital-acquired or health care-associated infections occur worldwide, affecting both developed and developing countries. This results in a prolonged hospital stay, increased antimicrobial resistance, increased mortality rate, and significant financial burden on the health care system. Routine preventive measures have led to the decrease in infection spreading; however, it cannot successfully prevent all of them, making a place for the development of new strategies, including probiotics. The aim of this review was to summarize available evidence of the role of probiotics in the prevention of nosocomial infections in children...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779802/feasibility-of-initiating-early-enteral-nutrition-after-congenital-heart-surgery-in-neonates-and-infants
#8
Rajat Kalra, Rohit Vohra, Malti Negi, Reena Joshi, Neeraj Aggarwal, Mridul Aggarwal, Raja Joshi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of initiating enteral nutrition support with first 24 h of congenital heart repairs in neonates and Infants and its impact on outcomes following surgery. DESIGN: It is a prospective randomized control single blind study. SETTING: It is a single centre prospective study carried out in a tertiary care centre at Pediatric cardiac intensive care unit. PATIENTS: All patients with the cyanotic congenital heart disease with increase pulmonary blood flow, weighing less than 5 kg and undergoing congenital heart repair during the study period were included in the study...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777740/rapid-response-systems
#9
REVIEW
Patrick G Lyons, Dana P Edelson, Matthew M Churpek
INTRODUCTION: Rapid response systems are commonly employed by hospitals to identify and respond to deteriorating patients outside of the intensive care unit. Controversy exists about the benefits of rapid response systems. AIMS: We aimed to review the current state of the rapid response literature, including evolving aspects of afferent (risk detection) and efferent (intervention) arms, outcome measurement, process improvement, and implementation. DATA SOURCES: Articles written in English and published in PubMed...
May 16, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777555/impact-of-nicu-oral-feeding-on-neuropsychomotor-outcomes-at-9-months-of-corrected-age-in-chinese-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants-a-retrospective-study
#10
Wenwen Ding, Lijin Zhao, Nan Sheng, Jiali Ma, Ying Zhang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the changes in neuropsychomotor development and investigate the effect of feeding progression in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) on neuropsychomotor outcomes in low-birth-weight preterm infants within 9 months of corrected age. BACKGROUND: Low-birth-weight (LBW) preterm infants (<37 weeks of gestation and birth weight < 2500 g) are at a high risk for neuropsychomotor development delay. Therefore, exploring NICU practices related to neuropsychomotor development is important...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770975/regulation-of-access-to-the-hospital-care-network-for-children-in-cear%C3%A3-brazil
#11
Maria de Fátima Vasques Monteiro, Maria Auxiliadora F Vertamatti, Maria Nina Morais Alves, Amanda Cordeiro de Oliveira Carvalho, Maria Nizete Tavares Alves, Caio Parente Barbosa
Regulation is a state management tool to ensure that networked health services and goods comply with the principles of universality of access and integrality of care in the Unified Health System. To describe the regulatory actions of access to children's health services in the hospital setting, a descriptive, documentary study was performed to address data on the regulation of access to hospital health-care points for children from January to October 2015. The sample consisted of 2485 hospitalization procedures and regulated transfers in children between 0 and 15 years old living in the Juazeiro do Norte Health Region in the State of Ceará...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770293/current-monitoring-and-innovative-predictive-modeling-to-improve-care-in-the-pediatric-cardiac-intensive-care-unit
#12
REVIEW
Mary K Olive, Gabe E Owens
The objectives of this review are (I) to describe the challenges associated with monitoring patients in the pediatric cardiac intensive care unit (PCICU) and (II) to discuss the use of innovative statistical and artificial intelligence (AI) software programs to attempt to predict significant clinical events. Patients cared for in the PCICU are clinically fragile and at risk for fatal decompensation. Current monitoring modalities are often ineffective, sometimes inaccurate, and fail to detect a deteriorating clinical status in a timely manner...
April 2018: Translational Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768398/urinary-metabolites-of-volatile-organic-compounds-of-infants-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#13
Dina El-Metwally, Krista Chain, Matthew P Stefanak, Udeni Alwis, Benjamin C Blount, Judy S LaKind, Cynthia F Bearer
BackgroundPreterm infants (PTI) in the NICU are often placed in incubators that may increase their exposure to volatile organic chemicals (VOCs). To determine whether PTI in incubators have higher urinary concentrations of VOC metabolites compared with infants in cribs.MethodsUrine from 40 PTI in incubators and 40 infants in cribs was collected and analyzed for 28 urinary VOC biomarkers. Differences in metabolite concentrations between the two groups were compared.ResultsTwenty two of the VOC metabolites were detected in at least one urine sample...
May 16, 2018: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766326/the-change-in-management-of-bronchiolitis-in-the-intensive-care-unit-between-2000-and-2015
#14
Minna Mecklin, Paula Heikkilä, Matti Korppi
This case-control study evaluated interventions for bronchiolitis in relation to time in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) during a 16-year surveillance period. Together, 105 infants aged < 12 months were treated for bronchiolitis in the PICU, and for them, we selected 210 controls admitted for bronchiolitis closest to cases. We collected data on treatments in the PICU, at the ward and in the emergency department for three periods: years 2000-2005, 2006-2010, and 2011-2015. Median hospital length of stay for PICU patients were 7 days (interquartile range 5-12), 5 days (4-8) and 8 days (4-12...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762453/microvascular-replantation-following-facial-dog-bites-in-children-systematic-review-and-management-algorithm
#15
Amanda J Williams, Jeremy M Powers, Jennifer L Rhodes, Andrea L Pozez
BACKGROUND: Pediatric dog bite injuries account for 1% of emergency department visits per year and represent an underrecognized and underreported public health problem. Reconstructive surgery is frequently utilized, and in the most extreme injuries, microvascular replantation may be considered. We sought to systematically review the available literature on microvascular replantation after facial dog bite injuries in children, with particular attention to perioperative morbidity and long-term follow-up...
May 14, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757918/regulation-of-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-nurse-practitioner-practice-a-national-survey
#16
Kristin Hittle Gigli, Mary S Dietrich, Peter I Buerhaus, Ann F Minnick
PURPOSE: To describe the extent to which organizational regulation of pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) nurse practitioner (NP) practice and prescriptive authority aligns with state scope-of-practice (SSOP) regulations, to examine differences between PICU medical directors' and NPs' report of regulation, and to describe organizational-level restriction of PICU NP practice. METHODS: A 34-item national, quantitative cross-sectional descriptive survey of US PICU medical directors and NPs included demographic, institutional characteristics, and PICU NP regulation and role-related questions...
January 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756534/neurostimulant-prescribing-patterns-in-children-admitted-to-the-icu-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Amanda Marie Morrison, Amy Houtrow, James Zullo, Patrick M Kochanek, Carol Vetterly, Ericka L Fink
Neurostimulant medications are commonly prescribed following traumatic brain injury (TBI) in adults; little is known about their use in children with TBI. Our objective was to analyze neurostimulant prescribing practices from 2005 to 2015 in children admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) with TBI. We hypothesized that neurostimulant prescriptions have increased over time and are associated with older age and injury severity. A retrospective cohort study of patients aged 1 month to 18 years with an ICD-9-CM discharge diagnosis code for TBI admitted to the ICU between 2005 and 2015 in 37 pediatric hospitals included in the Pediatric Health Information System was conducted...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756290/a-standardized-closed-loop-system-for-monitoring-pediatric-tracheostomy-related-adverse-events
#18
Mallory McKeon, Daphne Munhall, Brian K Walsh, Roger Nuss, Reza Rahbar, Mark Volk, Karen Watters
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Advancement in neonatal and pediatric intensive care has increased the need for chronic-care interventions, including tracheostomy. It is well established that children with a tracheostomy are at a high risk for adverse events, many of which are preventable. Despite this, there is no standardized method of monitoring tracheostomy-related adverse events (TRAEs). Our objective was to describe and assess a standardized, closed-loop system for monitoring TRAEs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective Study...
May 14, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753821/thromboelastography-is-associated-with-surrogates-for-bleeding-after-pediatric-cardiac-surgery
#19
Sirisha Emani, Lynn A Sleeper, David Faraoni, Michelle Mulone, Fatoumata Diallo, James A DiNardo, Juan Ibla, Sitaram M Emani
BACKGROUND: Perioperative bleeding is a common complication in pediatric patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Although thromboelastography (TEG) has been utilized in patients undergoing adult cardiac surgery, limited data are available in pediatric patients. We hypothesize that TEG parameters may be associated with surrogate endpoints for postoperative bleeding in pediatric patients undergoing complex cardiac surgery. METHODS: In a retrospective study, TEG was obtained after protamine administration and upon intensive care unit (ICU) admission in pediatric patients (≤ 18yrs) undergoing cardiac surgery requiring cardiopulmonary bypass...
May 10, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747317/-value-of-procalcitonin-in-predicting-the-severity-and-prognosis-of-neonates-with-septicemia
#20
J Zhang, D Qu, X X Ren, X D Cui, J Fu
Objective: To explore the value of procalcitonin(PCT) in predicting the severity and prognosis of neonates with septicemia. Methods: The clinical data of the hospitalized neonates over the age of 72 hours with double positive blood cultures from December 1st, 2011 to September 30, 2017 at the neonatal intensive care unit of Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics was analyzed retrospectively. Results: A total of 75 neonates were included in the study. There was a significant negative correlation between PCT and neonatal critical illness score ( r =-0...
April 24, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
keyword
keyword
59910
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"