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Artemis Alexiadou, Terje Lohndal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Howard H Y Chang, Go Watanabe, Christina A Gerodimos, Takashi Ochi, Tom L Blundell, Stephen P Jackson, Michael R Lieber
The nonhomologous DNA end-joining (NHEJ) pathway is a key mechanism for repairing double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) breaks that occur often in eukaryotic cells. In the simplest model, these breaks are first recognized by Ku, which then interacts with other NHEJ proteins to improve their affinity at DNA ends. These include DNA-PKcs and Artemis for trimming the DNA ends; DNA polymerase μ and λ to add nucleotides; and the DNA ligase IV complex to ligate the ends with the additional factors, XRCC4 (X-ray repair cross-complementing protein 4), XLF (XRCC4-like factor/Cernunos), and PAXX (Paralog of XRCC4 and XLF)...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Artemis Ailianou, Karthik Ramachandran, Mary Beth Kossuth, James Paul Oberhauser, Julia A Kornfield
Poly(l-lactide) (PLLA) is the structural material of the first clinically approved bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS), a promising alternative to permanent metal stents for treatment of coronary heart disease. BVSs are transient implants that support the occluded artery for 6 mo and are completely resorbed in 2 y. Clinical trials of BVSs report restoration of arterial vasomotion and elimination of serious complications such as late stent thrombosis. It is remarkable that a scaffold made from PLLA, known as a brittle polymer, does not fracture when crimped onto a balloon catheter or during deployment in the artery...
September 26, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Ioannis K Karabagias, Artemis P Louppis, Sofia Karabournioti, Stavros Kontakos, Chara Papastephanou, Michael G Kontominas
The objective of the present study was: i) to characterize Mediterranean citrus honeys based on conventional physicochemical parameter values, volatile compounds, and mineral content ii) to investigate the potential of above parameters to differentiate citrus honeys according to geographical origin using chemometrics. Thus, 37 citrus honey samples were collected during harvesting periods 2013 and 2014 from Greece, Egypt, Morocco, and Spain. Conventional physicochemical and CIELAB colour parameters were determined using official methods of analysis and the Commission Internationale de l' Eclairage recommendations, respectively...
February 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Alexie Papanicolaou, Marc F Schetelig, Peter Arensburger, Peter W Atkinson, Joshua B Benoit, Kostas Bourtzis, Pedro Castañera, John P Cavanaugh, Hsu Chao, Christopher Childers, Ingrid Curril, Huyen Dinh, HarshaVardhan Doddapaneni, Amanda Dolan, Shannon Dugan, Markus Friedrich, Giuliano Gasperi, Scott Geib, Georgios Georgakilas, Richard A Gibbs, Sarah D Giers, Ludvik M Gomulski, Miguel González-Guzmán, Ana Guillem-Amat, Yi Han, Artemis G Hatzigeorgiou, Pedro Hernández-Crespo, Daniel S T Hughes, Jeffery W Jones, Dimitra Karagkouni, Panagiota Koskinioti, Sandra L Lee, Anna R Malacrida, Mosè Manni, Kostas Mathiopoulos, Angela Meccariello, Shwetha C Murali, Terence D Murphy, Donna M Muzny, Georg Oberhofer, Félix Ortego, Maria D Paraskevopoulou, Monica Poelchau, Jiaxin Qu, Martin Reczko, Hugh M Robertson, Andrew J Rosendale, Andrew E Rosselot, Giuseppe Saccone, Marco Salvemini, Grazia Savini, Patrick Schreiner, Francesca Scolari, Paolo Siciliano, Sheina B Sim, George Tsiamis, Enric Ureña, Ioannis S Vlachos, John H Werren, Ernst A Wimmer, Kim C Worley, Antigone Zacharopoulou, Stephen Richards, Alfred M Handler
BACKGROUND: The Mediterranean fruit fly (medfly), Ceratitis capitata, is a major destructive insect pest due to its broad host range, which includes hundreds of fruits and vegetables. It exhibits a unique ability to invade and adapt to ecological niches throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the world, though medfly infestations have been prevented and controlled by the sterile insect technique (SIT) as part of integrated pest management programs (IPMs). The genetic analysis and manipulation of medfly has been subject to intensive study in an effort to improve SIT efficacy and other aspects of IPM control...
2016: Genome Biology
Nima Nassiri, Daniel J Margolis, Shyam Natarajan, Devi S Sharma, Jiaoti Huang, Frederick J Dorey, Leonard S Marks
PURPOSE: To determine rate of upgrading to Gleason score (GS) ≥ 4+3, using targeted biopsy for diagnosis and monitoring, in men undergoing active surveillance (AS) of prostate cancer (CaP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects were all 259 men (196 with GS 3+3 and 63 with GS 3+4) who were diagnosed by MRI/US fusion-guided biopsy (2009-2015) and who underwent subsequent fusion biopsy for as long as 4 years of AS. Primary endpoint was discovery of GS ≥ 4+3 CaP. Follow-up biopsies included targeting of positive sites, which were tracked in an Artemis device...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Urology
Massimo Prosdocimi, Maria Burguet, Simone Di Prima, Giulia Sofia, Enric Terol, Jesús Rodrigo Comino, Artemi Cerdà, Paolo Tarolli
Soil water erosion is a serious problem, especially in agricultural lands. Among these, vineyards deserve attention, because they constitute for the Mediterranean areas a type of land use affected by high soil losses. A significant problem related to the study of soil water erosion in these areas consists in the lack of a standardized procedure of collecting data and reporting results, mainly due to a variability among the measurement methods applied. Given this issue and the seriousness of soil water erosion in Mediterranean vineyards, this works aims to quantify the soil losses caused by simulated rainstorms, and compare them with each other depending on two different methodologies: (i) rainfall simulation and (ii) surface elevation change-based, relying on high-resolution Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) derived from a photogrammetric technique (Structure-from-Motion or SfM)...
September 13, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Mariam M AlHilli, Marc A Becker, S John Weroha, Karen S Flatten, Rachel M Hurley, Maria I Harrell, Ann L Oberg, Matt J Maurer, Kieran M Hawthorne, Xiaonan Hou, Sean C Harrington, Sarah McKinstry, X Wei Meng, Keith M Wilcoxen, Kimberly R Kalli, Elizabeth M Swisher, Scott H Kaufmann, Paul Haluska
OBJECTIVE: Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors have yielded encouraging responses in high-grade serous ovarian carcinomas (HGSOCs), but the optimal treatment setting remains unknown. We assessed the effect of niraparib on HGSOC patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models as well as the relationship between certain markers of homologous recombination (HR) status, including BRCA1/2 mutations and formation of RAD51 foci after DNA damage, and response of these PDXs to niraparib in vivo...
September 7, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Divya Punwani, Misako Kawahara, Jason Yu, Ukina Sanford, Sushmita Roy, Kiran Patel, Denise A Carbonaro, Andrea D Karlen, Sara Khan, Kenneth G Cornetta, Michael Rothe, Axel Schambach, Donald B Kohn, Harry L Malech, R Scott McIvor, Jennifer M Puck, Morton J Cowan
During B and T lymphocyte maturation, V(D)J recombination is initiated by creation of DNA double-strand breaks. Artemis is an exonuclease essential for their subsequent repair by non-homologous end-joining. Mutations in DCLRE1C, the gene encoding Artemis, cause T-B-NK+ severe combined immunodeficiency (ART-SCID) and also confer heightened sensitivity to ionizing radiation and alkylating chemotherapy. Although allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) can treat ART-SCID, conditioning regimens are poorly tolerated, leading to early mortality and/or late complications, including short stature, endocrinopathies, and dental aplasia...
September 9, 2016: Human Gene Therapy
Maria D Paraskevopoulou, Ioannis S Vlachos, Artemis G Hatzigeorgiou
microRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNAs (∼22 nts) present in animals, plants, and viruses. They are considered central post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression and are key components in a great number of physiological and pathological conditions. The accurate characterization of their targets is considered essential to a series of applications and basic or applied research settings. DIANA-TarBase ( was initially launched in 2006. It is a reference repository indexing experimentally derived miRNA-gene interactions in different cell types, tissues, and conditions across numerous species...
2016: Current Protocols in Bioinformatics
Azzedine Tahiat, Yousef R Badran, Janet Chou, Brittney Cangemi, Gerard Lefranc, Zakaria-Merouane Labgaa, Salma Oussalam, Assia Kaddouri-Slimani, Ayad Belarbi, Kheira Bendissari-Bouzid, Merzak Gharnaout, Raif S Geha, Réda Djidjik, Michel J Massaad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Artemis Simopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 20, 2016: Journal of Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics
Kaisong Huang, Yajing Song, Qiang Zhang, Anding Zhang, Meilin Jin
This study identified a novel integrative and conjugative element (ICESsD9) carrying erm(B) and tet(O) resistance determinants in Streptococcus suis D9 and determined its prevalence in clinical isolates. Comparative genome analysis was performed using Mauve and Artemis Comparison Tool visualisation programs. Inverse PCR was utilised to detect its circular intermediate. The transfer capacity of ICESsD9 was evaluated by mating assays using S. suis A7 and Enterococcus faecalis JH2-2 as recipients. A genome walking approach was employed to analyse the characteristics of integration sites in transconjugants...
July 28, 2016: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
Ronald H Silverman, Raksha Urs, Arindam RoyChoudhury, Timothy J Archer, Marine Gobbe, Dan Z Reinstein
PURPOSE: Scanning Scheimpflug provides information regarding corneal thickness and 2-surface topography while arc-scanned high-frequency ultrasound allows depiction of the epithelial and stromal thickness distributions. Both techniques are useful in detection of keratoconus. Our aim was to develop and test a keratoconus classifier combining information from both methods. METHODS: We scanned 111 normal and 30 clinical keratoconus subjects with Artemis-1 and Pentacam data...
August 8, 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Stefano Omboni, Dagnovar Aristizabal, Alejandro De la Sierra, Eamon Dolan, Geoffrey Head, Thomas Kahan, Ilkka Kantola, Kazuomi Kario, Kalina Kawecka-Jaszcz, Leoné Malan, Krzysztof Narkiewicz, José A Octavio, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Paolo Palatini, Jarmila Siègelovà, Eglé Silva, George Stergiou, Yuqing Zhang, Giuseppe Mancia, Gianfranco Parati
OBJECTIVE: The Ambulatory blood pressure Registry TEleMonitoring of hypertension and cardiovascular rISk project was designed to set up an international registry including clinic blood pressure (CBP) and ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) measurements in patients attending hypertension clinics in all five continents, aiming to assess different daily life hypertension types. METHODS: Cross-sectional ABP, CBP and demographic data, medical history and cardiovascular risk profile were provided from existing databases by hypertension clinics...
November 2016: Journal of Hypertension
H Hietala, J F Drake, T D Phan, J P Eastwood, J P McFadden
A significant fraction of the energy released by magnetotail reconnection appears to go into ion heating, but this heating is generally anisotropic. We examine ARTEMIS dual-spacecraft observations of a long-duration magnetotail exhaust generated by antiparallel reconnection in conjunction with particle-in-cell simulations, showing spatial variations in the anisotropy across the outflow far (>100d i ) downstream of the X line. A consistent pattern is found in both the spacecraft data and the simulations: While the total temperature across the exhaust is rather constant, near the boundaries T i,|| dominates...
September 28, 2015: Geophysical Research Letters
Adam W Carrico, Jennifer Jain, Michael V Discepola, David Olem, Rick Andrews, William J Woods, Torsten B Neilands, Steven Shoptaw, Walter Gómez, Samantha E Dilworth, Judith T Moskowitz
BACKGROUND: Contingency management (CM) is an evidence-based intervention providing tangible rewards as positive reinforcement for abstinence from stimulants such as methamphetamine. Integrative approaches targeting affect regulation could boost the effectiveness of CM in community-based settings and optimize HIV/AIDS prevention efforts. METHODS/DESIGN: This randomized controlled trial with HIV-positive, methamphetamine-using men who have sex with men (MSM) is examining the efficacy of a 5-session, individually delivered positive affect regulation intervention - Affect Regulation Treatment to Enhance Methamphetamine Intervention Success (ARTEMIS)...
2016: BMC Public Health
Artemis Koukounari, Argyris Stringaris, Barbara Maughan
Maternal depression in the peri-natal period is associated with increased risk for young adult depression in offspring. This study explored mediation of these links via trajectories of child conduct and emotional problems (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire) from ages 4-16 years old in data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children cohort (n = 13373). Through gender-specific structural equation models, a composite measure of exposure to early maternal depression (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale), predicted young adult depression at age 18 (Revised Clinical Interview Schedule - distal outcome)...
July 29, 2016: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Pinky Sum Chi Lee, Laura Minglu Zhang, Artemis Lu Yan, Kelly Yin Ching Lam, Tina Tingxia Dong, Huangquan Lin, Gallant Kar Lun Chan, Karl Wah Keung Tsim
BACKGROUND: HerboChip is an array of different fractions deriving from herbal extracts. This study aimed to identify effective components from Chinese medicine (CM) that interact with nerve growth factor (NGF) as a target using HerboChip. METHODS: Fifty types of CM that are traditionally used as remedies for emotion imbalance were selected and extracted with 50 % ethanol. Biotinylated-NGF was hybridized with over 300 chips coated with different HPLC-separated fractions from CM extracts and straptavidin-Cy5 was used to identify the NGF-bound fractions...
2016: Chinese Medicine
Artemis Papanastasiou, Gerasimos Konstantinou, Themistocles Vlachos
We present a case of folie à trois with schizoaffective and negative symptoms in monozygotic triplets, which to our knowledge is unique. For 4 years starting in their late teens, the 3 male siblings withdrew socially, adopted a primitive lifestyle, and exhibited poor self-care with increasing aggression, which led to their admission to the hospital at the age of 22 years. Over the subsequent 8 years, 1 brother recovered fully with treatment, resumed academic and social functioning, and does not need medication therapy currently...
July 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
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