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hepatitis b medical students

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274831/preoperative-cesarean-section-intravenous-acetaminophen-treatment-for-postoperative-pain-control-a-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-control-trial
#1
Craig V Towers, Sarah Shelton, Jaclyn van Nes, Emily Gregory, Emily Liske, Arion Smalley, Edward Mobley, Barbara Faircloth, Kim B Fortner
BACKGROUND: The United States currently has an opioid use disorder epidemic and research evaluating ways to minimize the use of opioids post-surgery are needed. One of these options is intravenous (IV) acetaminophen. If the use of preoperative IV acetaminophen was found to be effective for cesarean delivery, this would be beneficial for both the mother and breastfeeding neonate. OBJECTIVE: The primary study objective was to see if maternal opioid use was significantly less in the postoperative period for the study group that received 1 gram of IV acetaminophen preoperatively compared with a control group that received placebo...
December 21, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138669/medical-and-dental-students-attitude-and-practice-of-prevention-strategies-against-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-a-nigerian-university
#2
Oyebimpe Jumoke Adenlewo, Peter Olalekan Adeosun, Olawunmi Adedoyin Fatusi
Introduction: Medical and dental students are a high-risk group for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection which is an occupational hazard for them and a leading cause of death globally. Prevention strategies include vaccination and observance of standard precaution. However, available reports claim utilization of the prevention strategies is low. This study evaluated the attitude of the students towards HBV vaccine and cross-infection practices. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study carried out at the College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082237/decrease-in-anti-hbs-antibodies-over-time-in-medical-students-and-healthcare-workers-after-hepatitis-b-vaccination
#3
H V Sahana, N Sarala, S R Prasad
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B is one of the most important occupational hazards among healthcare workers (HCWs). This study aimed to measure the anti-HBs titres among the medical students and HCWs vaccinated against hepatitis B virus and to determine the association between anti-HBs levels and time since vaccination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, medical students and healthcare workers who had received all three doses of hepatitis B vaccination and completed at least six months after vaccination since the last dose were included...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038726/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-toward-prevention-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-among-medical-students-at-northern-border-university-arar-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#4
Mohammed Ali Alhowaish, Jawaher Ali Alhowaish, Yasser Hamoud Alanazi, Muharib Mana Alshammari, Mushref Saeid Alshammari, Nasser Ghadeer Alshamari, Abdulaziz Sael Alshammari, Meshael Kareem Almutairi, Sultan Abdullah Algarni
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Health care workers' risk of occupational exposure to HBV is a chief concern, particularly with young students in the health profession. This study was carried out to assess the knowledge regarding symptoms, risk factors and prevention of hepatitis B virus infection among medical students. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out from November 01, 2016 to May 30, 2017 on medical students at the Northern Border University (Arar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia)...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988867/hepatitis-b-vaccine-and-the-need-for-a-booster-dose-after-primary-vaccination
#5
Claudia Pileggi, Rosa Papadopoli, Aida Bianco, Maria Pavia
OBJECTIVES: Protective antibodies levels, induced by Hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccine, persist for long-term after primary immunization, but there is evidence that, as the time since vaccination increases, there is a reduced ability to maintain immune memory. The study aim was to determine the prevalence and the duration of persistence of an anti-HBs titer with ≥10mIU/mL and eventual predictors of reduced seroprotection. METHODS: The study was conducted among students attending medical and healthcare professions schools from January 2014 to June 2016...
October 5, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935430/-health-care-needs-and-barriers-in-seeking-medical-care-for-global-health-and-sexual-and-reproductive-health-among-students-from-f%C3%A3-lix-houphou%C3%A3-t-boigny-university-abidjan-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#6
M Inghels, P A Coffie, J Larmarange
BACKGROUND: In Ivory Coast, little is known about health needs and health access barriers among young people. The aim of this study was to describe health provision, health needs and barriers when seeking medical care, with an emphasis on sexual and reproductive health, and the acceptability of a medical examination for students attending their first year at the Houphouët-Boigny University, Abidjan, Ivory Coast. METHODS: We conducted a representative cross-sectional study among second year students who were selected by two-stage equiprobable random sampling...
September 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893448/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-iranian-health-sciences-students-regarding-hepatitis-b-and-c-virus-infections-a-national-survey
#7
Hamidreza Karimi-Sari, Mohammad Ehsan Bayatpoor, Maryam Aftabi Khotbesara, Motahare Sadat Ebrahimi, Zahra Sattari, Paria Sattari, Narges Saberi Shakib, Hanie Taheri, Sina Abdolrahim Poor Heravi, Mahsa Dinizadeh, Pedram Vahed, Kiyana Shirsavar, Hediye Hosseini, Sara Rashvand, Dorsa Jalaei, Mahdi Azarafraz, Mohebullah Naderi, Mahtab Pourzakaria, Mohammad Firoozbakht, Mohammad Hossein Khosravi, Seyed Moayed Alavian
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization seeks to achieve the goal of viral hepatitis elimination by 2030 and lack of general knowledge about viral hepatitis seems to be a barrier to reaching this goal. This study was designed to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) regarding hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections among Iranian health sciences students in 12 Iranian medical sciences universities using a national survey. METHODS: This survey was conducted during the second Hepatitis Awareness Campaign, which was held during the Iranian National Hepatitis Week (October 22-28, 2016)...
September 8, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882445/strong-influence-of-human-leukocyte-antigen-dp-variants-on-response-to-hepatitis-b-vaccine-in-a-japanese-population
#8
Yuya Okada, Naoki Uno, Shuntaro Sato, Sayaka Mori, Daisuke Sasaki, Norihito Kaku, Kosuke Kosai, Yoshitomo Morinaga, Hiroo Hasegawa, Katsunori Yanagihara
Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have reported that human leukocyte antigen (HLA) variants are associated with chronic hepatitis B, spontaneous hepatitis B virus (HBV) clearance, and response to hepatitis B vaccine. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in HLA-DP (rs9277535 and rs3077) and HLA-DQ (rs2856718 and rs7453920) have been repeatedly associated with chronic hepatitis B and spontaneous HBV clearance. However, the data on the SNPs associated with response to hepatitis B vaccine are inconclusive...
October 9, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713447/knowledge-about-blood-borne-pathogens-and-the-prevalence-of-needle-stick-injuries-among-medical-students-in-serbia
#9
Vuk Marusic, Ljiljana Markovic-Denic, Olivera Djuric, Dragana Protic, Emilija Dubljanin-Raspopovic
INTRODUCTION: Medical students are mainly exposed to needle stick and sharp object injuries in the course of their clinical activities during studying. They are at high risk due to their undeveloped skills, restricted clinical experience, lack of knowledge and risk perception. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of needle stick injuries of the fourth and final year medical students, and to estimate their knowledge about blood-borne pathogens disease transmission and standard precautions...
September 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693481/psychological-situational-and-application-related-determinants-of-the-intention-to-self-test-a-factorial-survey-among-students
#10
Pinar Kuecuekbalaban, Tim Rostalski, Silke Schmidt, Holger Muehlan
BACKGROUND: The Internet enables an unprecedented opportunity to access a broad range of self-tests (e.g. testing for HIV, cancer, hepatitis B/C), which can be conducted by lay consumers without the help of a health professional. However, there is only little knowledge about the determinants of the use of self-tests. Thus, the aims of this study were (1) to experimentally investigate the impact of situational and application-related characteristics on the intention to use a self-test (ST), compared to being tested by a health professional at home (HPH) or at a doctor's office (HPD), (2) to examine the applicability of social-cognitive health behaviour theories on self-testing, and (3) to explore the advantages of integrating technological affinity into social-cognitive health behaviour models to predict self-testing...
July 10, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664713/predictors-of-hepatitis-b-surface-antigen-titers-two-decades-after-vaccination-in-a-cohort-of-students-and-post-graduates-of-the-medical-school-at-the-university-of-palermo-italy
#11
M G Verso, N Lo Cascio, E Noto Laddeca, E Amodio, M Currieri, G Giammanco, D Ferraro, S De Grazia, D Picciotto
<b>Introduction and objective.</b> The introduction of a vaccine against hepatitis B virus (HBV) for newborn babies in Italy in 1991, extended to 12-year-old children for the first 12 years of application, has been a major achievement in terms of the prevention of HBV infection. The objective of this study was to analyse the long-term immunogenicity and effectiveness of HBV vaccination among healthcare students with different working seniorities. <b>Materials and method.</b> A cross-sectional observational study of undergraduate and postgraduate students attending the Medical School of the University of Palermo was conducted from January 2014 - July 2016...
June 12, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567193/hepatitis-b-virus-seroprevalence-among-malawian-medical-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Froid Chipetah, Aaron Chirambo, Ednas Billiat, Isaac Thom Shawa
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) predominantly spreads through contact with infected blood or other body fluids and causes liver disease. HBV vaccination for students at the College of Medicine, University of Malawi, is done without screening for the virus. It is important to assess the prevalence of HBV antigens among foundation-year students in order to consolidate evidence in support of HBV screening before vaccination. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of HBV antigens among 2013-2014 foundation-year students at the University of Malawi College of Medicine...
March 2017: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469118/risk-perception-of-hepatitis-b-infection-and-uptake-of-hepatitis-b-vaccine-among-students-of-tertiary-institution-in-jos
#13
M P Chingle, I A Osagie, H Adams, D Gwomson, N Emeribe, A I Zoakah
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) Infection is endemic in Nigeria. Healthcare students are more vulnerable because of direct contact with patients' body fluids and blood. Risk perception of HBV and HB vaccine uptake are also poor. The aim of this study was to assess the level of risk perception of hepatitis B infection, and uptake of the HBV vaccine, between medical and other students of the University of Jos. METHODS: A comparative cross sectional study was conducted among 1,200 students of the departments of Medicine, Nursing sciences and Public Administration, University of Jos (400 from each arm) using a pretested self-administered questionnaire...
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367387/comparison-of-knowledge-and-attitudes-regarding-hepatitis-b-among-healthcare-professionals-in-pakistan
#14
Asad Ali, Sara Khan, Saad M Malik, Muhammad Haris Iqbal, Muhammad Aadil
AIM: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a blood-borne infectious disease. It is one of the most common causes of end-stage liver disease, including cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Healthcare professionals, including medical and dental students, are at a high risk of acquiring this infection. The aim of this study was to compare and contrast the knowledge and attitudes toward HBV infection amongst doctors, dentists, nurses, and undergraduate final year medical and dental students. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: A cross-sectional study was carried out on a sample size of 381 medical professionals, which included doctors (59), dentists (77), nurses (71), final year medical students (126), and final year dental students (48) at Combined Military Hospital Lahore Medical College and Institute of Dentistry (CMH LMC)...
February 23, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272332/knowledge-attitude-and-behaviours-towards-recommended-vaccinations-among-healthcare-workers
#15
Giuseppe La Torre, Stefania Scalingi, Veronica Garruto, Marco Siclari, Massimiliano Chiarini, Alice Mannocci
Healthcare workers (HCWs) are an important group of professionals exposed to biological risk during their work activities. So, the aim of this study is to perform a survey on the knowledge, attitude and behaviour of Italian HCWs towards the vaccinations recommended by the Ministry of Health. A cross-sectional study was carried out during the period September 2014-August 2015 in the Lazio region. The study was conducted by recruiting HCWs and biomedical students. The sample was comprised of 571 responders, of whom 12...
March 7, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221166/prevalence-of-needlestick-injuries-attitude-changes-and-prevention-practices-over-12-years-in-an-urban-academic-hospital-surgery-department
#16
Jessica M Hasak, Christine B Novak, Jennifer Megan M Patterson, Susan E Mackinnon
OBJECTIVE: Needlestick injury prevalence, protection practices, and attitudes were assessed. Current medical students were compared with 2003 data to assess any changes that occurred with engineered safety feature implementation. BACKGROUND: Risk of occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens is elevated in the operating room particularly with surgeons in training and nurses. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was distributed to medical students (n = 358) and Department of Surgery staff (n = 247)...
February 17, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111335/assessment-of-abilities-of-gastroenterology-fellows-to-provide-information-to-patients-with-liver-disease
#17
Noami Chaudhary, Catherine Lucero, Gerald Villanueva, Michael Poles, Colleen Gillespie, Sondra Zabar, Elizabeth Weinshel
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Patient education is critical in ensuring patient compliance and good health outcomes. Fellows must be able to effectively communicate with their patients, delivering enough information for the patient to understand their medical problem and maximize patient compliance. We created an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) with 4 liver disease cases to assess fellows' knowledge and ability to inform standardized patients (SPs) about their clinical condition...
January 20, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27972880/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-towards-hepatitis-b-among-medical-college-students-of-quetta-pakistan
#18
N Ul Haq, Z Malik, A Nasim, S Riaz, G Mohammad, S Azhar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938579/-application-of-indocyanine-green-fluorescent-imaging-technique-in-planning-resection-line-and-real-time-surgical-navigation-in-small-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#19
C H Fang, H B Liang, C W Chi, H S Tao, C Fang, W Zhu, Z K Mo, J Yang, N Xiang, N Zeng, J Tian
Objective: To explore the value of near-infrared technology guided by indolecyanine green(ICG) in planning resection line and real-time surgical navigation in small liver cancer. Methods: From March to September 2015, 11 patients with hepatic tumors received hepatectomy were treated in First Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University.There were 5 male and 6 female patients with average age of (55±10)years (range 39-70 years). Among whom, there were 9 cases with hepatocellular carcinoma and 2 cases with colorectal cancer...
June 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925503/persistence-of-protective-anti-hbs-antibody-levels-and-anamnestic-response-to-hbv-booster-vaccination-a-cross-sectional-study-among-healthcare-students-20%C3%A2-years-following-the-universal-immunization-campaign-in-italy
#20
Guglielmo Dini, Alessandra Toletone, Ilaria Barberis, Nicoletta Debarbieri, Emanuela Massa, Chiara Paganino, Francesca Bersi, Alfredo Montecucco, Cristiano Alicino, Paolo Durando
Vaccination against Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) became mandatory in Italy for all newborns and 12 years-old individuals in the 1991. The immunogenicity of HBV vaccine and the effectiveness of the universal immunization strategy have been widely demonstrated. However the need to assess the antibody concentrations above the well known serological correlate of protection for HBV infection (≥10 mIU/mL), established in individuals immunized with a 3 doses vaccination course, is still recommended in subjects exposed to occupational risks in different settings, particularly the healthcare services...
February 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
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