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hepatitis b medical students

Zohreh Karimiankakolaki, Mohammad Hossein Baghianimoghadam, Sakineh Gerayllo, Nadia Sheikh Samani, Hajar Hadipour
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B is the most common cause of liver disease, and medical students are a risk group for the disease given their future occupations. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess of predictors of hepatitis B in the Faculty of nursing, midwifery and health at Shahrekord Islamic Azad University in 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 300 students from the Faculty of nursing, midwifery and health at Shahrekord Islamic Azad University...
July 2016: Hepatitis Monthly
Vincent Agnello
In commemoration of Henry Kunkel's 100th birthday, the effect of his legacy on the investigation of hepatitis C virus is recounted. The delineation of a major cross-idiotype (WA) among patients with essential mixed cryoglobulinemia led to the discovery that HCV was the etiologic agent for this disease. Studies of the cryoglobulins led to the discovery that WA RF reacted specifically with HCV-VLDL like particles that on electronmicroscopy and binding studies appeared to be the virion within a lipid shell. This particle mediates cell entry via LDLr and may serve to avoid the immune response by masking the virion...
August 6, 2016: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
Joanah Ikobah, Henry Okpara, Iwasam Elemi, Yeonun Ogarepe, Ekong Udoh, Emmanuel Ekanem
INTRODUCTION: Hepatitis B virus infection is a major global health problem of public health importance. In a bid to control the infection, the Nigerian government in 2004 introduced hepatitis B vaccine into the National Program on Immunization. There are no studies on the prevalence of hepatitis B in adolescent prior to 2004. The study was aimed at determining the seroprevalence and predictors of viral Hepatitis B in Nigerian children aged 11-19 years. METHODS: A cross sectional analytical study was conducted in July 2014...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
María Elena Cárdenas-Perea, Eduardo Gómez-Conde, Gerardo Santos-López, Irma Pérez-Contreras, María Alicia Díaz-Orea, José Luís Gándara-Ramírez, Othón Rafael Cruz Y López, Luis Márquez-Domínguez, Francisca Sosa-Jurado
Although preventable with vaccination, Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major health concern, with ∼400 million people at risk of developing the chronic form of the disease worldwide. The anti-HBV vaccine consists of a recombinant HBV surface antigen (HBsAg), which induces specific anti-HBs antibodies and confers 95% protection for >20 y. The aim of the present study was to analyze the response to HBV vaccination by measuring anti-HBs antibodies in serum samples from medical students of a public university in Puebla, Mexico...
July 2, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
F Noordeen, D G C S Madushanka, F N N Pitchai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Ceylon Medical Journal
Dimitrios Papagiannis, Zoi Tsimtsiou, Ioanna Chatzichristodoulou, Maria Adamopoulou, Ilias Kallistratos, Spyros Pournaras, Malamatenia Arvanitidou, George Rachiotis
Students of health professions are at high risk of hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection during their clinical training. The aim of this cross-sectional, multi-centered study was to investigate the HBV vaccination coverage in Greek medical, nursing, and paramedical students, to look into their attitudes towards the importance of vaccines and to reveal reasons associated with not being vaccinated. A self-completed, anonymous questionnaire was distributed to 2119 students of health professions in Greece, during the academic year 2013-2014...
March 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Priyadarshini Choudhury, Silpiranjan Mishra, Srinivas Kandula, Sangamesh Ningappa Chinnannavar, Purnendu Rout, Rajat Panigrahi
BACKGROUND: The emergence of the blood-borne pathogens and the increasing number of infected patients and the increasing interest in dental health care compel the dental professionals to have thorough knowledge about communicable diseases and the MBBS and nursing students are always at risk because of their profession. As hepatitis B infection is a major health hazard throughout the world, healthcare students should have through knowledge about this disease. Setia et al. had conducted a similar kind of study in Punjab in which the sample size was smaller and it included only the interns, whereas the present study was conducted to assess the level of knowledge, attitude, and behavior about hepatitis B infection among healthcare students of all academic years because they are indulged in clinical work since third year of their curriculum...
December 2015: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Monica Lamberti, Alfredo De Rosa, Elpidio Maria Garzillo, Anna Rita Corvino, Nicola Sannolo, Stefania De Pascalis, Eliana Di Fiore, Claudia Westermann, Antonio Arnese, Gabriella Di Giuseppe, Albert Nienhaus, Antônio Paulino Ribeiro Sobrinho, Nicola Coppola
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s12995-015-0083-4.].
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Kamal Dumaidi, Amer Al-Jawabreh
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B infection is a global public health problem affecting various sectors in the society. Vaccination is the first line measure to prevent the disease. OBJECTIVES: To assess the persistence of anti-HBs marker among medical students after 18 - 22 of vaccination as an indicator for Hepatitis B virus vaccine efficacy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this study, 249 Palestinian medical students vaccinated at birth, 1, and 6 months of age using Engerix™-B starting from 1992 were studied...
November 2015: Hepatitis Monthly
Monica Lamberti, Alfredo De Rosa, Elpidio Maria Garzillo, Anna Rita Corvino, Nicola Sannolo, Stefania De Pascalis, Eliana Di Fiore, Claudia Westermann, Antonio Arnese, Di Giuseppe Gabriella, Albert Nienhaus, Antônio Paulino Ribeiro Sobrinho, Nicola Coppola
BACKGROUND: The development of a vaccine against hepatitis B virus (HBV) has been a major achievement in terms of prevention of HBV infection. For the present study, we analysed the long-term immunogenicity and effectiveness of HBV vaccination among healthcare students with different working seniorities. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of undergraduate and postgraduate students attending the Medical School of the Second University of Naples was conducted between September 2012 and December 2014...
2015: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
J Prasuna, Rakesh Sharma, Anita Bhatt, Arazoo, Disha Painuly, Himani Butola, Anju Yadav
BACKGROUND: Needle stick injury (NSI) became a major issue and most of the research focuses on Nurses, Doctors and other health care workers, but at the same time nursing students in clinical duties are at high risk. Studies are available which examined NSI only in Medical students and health care workers. The present study is aimed to measure the occurrence of needle stick injury along with post exposure measures and evaluation of the knowledge regarding needle stick injury among nursing student...
April 2015: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Firas A Ghomraoui, Faisal A Alfaqeeh, Abdulrahman S Algadheeb, Abdullah S Al-Alsheikh, Waleed K Al-Hamoudi, Khalid A Alswat
BACKGROUND: The hepatitis B virus (HBV) poses a health risk to healthcare workers who are in close proximity to infected individuals. Medical students are a particularly high-risk group due to the lack of an obligatory vaccination program and a post-vaccination screening program to determine immunity status, which results in a lack of awareness of and compliance with the HBV vaccine. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was conducted in King Khalid University Hospital (KKUH), a tertiary care academic hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from November 2013 to March 2014...
January 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Iman Ghasemzadeh, Mitra Kazerooni, Parivash Davoodian, Yaghoob Hamedi, Payam Sadeghi
INTRODUCTION: Sharp injuries threaten the health of healthcare employees. They cause the transmission of many diseases such as hepatitis B and C, AIDS, etc., which can increase the associated costs associated with them. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of sharp injuries among the students of Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences. METHOD: This cross-sectional study was conducted during 2012-2013 in Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, IR Iran...
2015: Global Journal of Health Science
Jen-Jung Pan, Susan P Fisher-Hoch, Chaoru Chen, Ariel E Feldstein, Joseph B McCormick, Mohammad H Rahbar, Laura Beretta, Michael B Fallon
AIM: To investigate the potential burden of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and advanced fibrosis in a hispanic community. METHODS: Four hundred and forty two participants with available ultrasonography data from the Cameron County Hispanic Cohort were included in this study. Each participant completed a comprehensive questionnaire regarding basic demographic information, medical history, medication use, and social and family history including alcohol use. Values of the nonalcoholic fatty liver disease fibrosis score (NFS), FIB4 index, BARD score, and Aspartate aminotransferase to Platelet Ratio Index (APRI) were computed using the blood samples collected within 6 mo of liver ultrasonography from each participant...
June 18, 2015: World Journal of Hepatology
Xinyi Li, Hengjiu Kang, Shuai Wang, Zhaomin Deng, Ting Yang, Yiping Jia, Yuan Yang
BACKGROUND: Blood is frequently involved in dental treatment procedures, which increases the exposure of dentists to a variety of blood-borne pathogens and microorganisms such as Hepatitis B Virus. OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to assess Chinese dental and medical interns' knowledge, attitude and behavior (KAB) towards Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection and to evaluate which exact KAB phase respondents were involved in. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted on 313 fifth to eighth year students...
May 2015: Hepatitis Monthly
P Brandon Bookstaver, Jenna L Foster, Z Kevin Lu, Joshua R Mann, Chelsea Ambrose, Amy Grant, Stephanie Burgess
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the hepatitis B virus (HBV) seroconversion rate among health sciences students. PARTICIPANTS: The study included pharmacy, doctor of nursing, and medical students over 18 years of age enrolled at the University of South Carolina between 2007 and 2011. METHODS: The primary end point was HBV seroconversion rates among students at the initial reporting period. Seroconversion was defined as hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs) level greater than or equal to 10 mIU/mL...
2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Mina Park, Ji Sung Lee, Jun Ho Lee, Seung Ha Oh, Moo Kyun Park
BACKGROUND: The performance of nationwide studies of chronic otitis media (COM) in adults has been insufficient in Korea. We evaluated the prevalence and risk factors of COM in Korea. METHODS: This study was conducted using data from the fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (n = 23,621). After excluding the subjects under 20 year old and suffered from cancers, 16,063 patients were evaluated for COM. Participants underwent a medical interview, physical examination, endoscopic examination, and blood and urine test...
2015: PloS One
S Wicker, O Wichmann
OBJECTIVE: Healthcare professionals have an increased risk of acquiring infectious diseases and can also serve as a source of infection to their patients. The German Standing Committee on Vaccination (STIKO) recommends that healthcare professionals should be sufficiently vaccinated against vaccine-preventable infections. Also medical students belong to this target group. For this reason their vaccination status should be checked and -if necessary- completed before working with patients...
May 2015: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Nicola Coppola, Anna Rita Corvino, Stefania De Pascalis, Giuseppe Signoriello, Eliana Di Fiore, Albert Nienhaus, Evangelista Sagnelli, Monica Lamberti
BACKGROUND: Universal hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination of newborn babies was introduced in Italy in 1991 and was extended to 12-years-old children for the first 12 years of application so as to cover in a dozen years the Italian population aged 0-24 years. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with long-term immunogenicity against HBV 17 years after primary vaccination in students attending medical schools in Naples, Italy. METHODS: 1,704 students attending the school of medicine, schools of the healthcare professions, or postgraduate medical schools of the Second University of Naples, Italy, from September 2012 to December 2013 were enrolled in this study...
2015: BMC Infectious Diseases
Vishal Batra, Amitava Goswami, Sunil Dadhich, Dinesh Kothari, Narendra Bhargava
BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at high risk for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. The aim of the study was to evaluate HBV immunization status and anti-HBs titer among HCWs. METHODS: AntiHBs titer was prospectively examined in all vaccinated of the 464 HCWs enrolled. A comparison was done between two groups who had received vaccination within or beyond 5 years (Group A >5 years, Group B <5 years) and also between those who received a booster dose, Group I (<1 year) and Group II (>1 year)...
April 2015: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
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