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hepatitis b medical students

Asad Ali, Sara Khan, Saad M Malik, Muhammad Haris Iqbal, Muhammad Aadil
AIM: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a blood-borne infectious disease. It is one of the most common causes of end-stage liver disease, including cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Healthcare professionals, including medical and dental students, are at a high risk of acquiring this infection. The aim of this study was to compare and contrast the knowledge and attitudes toward HBV infection amongst doctors, dentists, nurses, and undergraduate final year medical and dental students. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: A cross-sectional study was carried out on a sample size of 381 medical professionals, which included doctors (59), dentists (77), nurses (71), final year medical students (126), and final year dental students (48) at Combined Military Hospital Lahore Medical College and Institute of Dentistry (CMH LMC)...
February 23, 2017: Curēus
Giuseppe La Torre, Stefania Scalingi, Veronica Garruto, Marco Siclari, Massimiliano Chiarini, Alice Mannocci
Healthcare workers (HCWs) are an important group of professionals exposed to biological risk during their work activities. So, the aim of this study is to perform a survey on the knowledge, attitude and behaviour of Italian HCWs towards the vaccinations recommended by the Ministry of Health. A cross-sectional study was carried out during the period September 2014-August 2015 in the Lazio region. The study was conducted by recruiting HCWs and biomedical students. The sample was comprised of 571 responders, of whom 12...
March 7, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Jessica M Hasak, Christine B Novak, Jennifer Megan M Patterson, Susan E Mackinnon
OBJECTIVE: Needlestick injury prevalence, protection practices, and attitudes were assessed. Current medical students were compared with 2003 data to assess any changes that occurred with engineered safety feature implementation. BACKGROUND: Risk of occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens is elevated in the operating room particularly with surgeons in training and nurses. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was distributed to medical students (n = 358) and Department of Surgery staff (n = 247)...
February 17, 2017: Annals of Surgery
Noami Chaudhary, Catherine Lucero, Gerald Villanueva, Michael Poles, Colleen Gillespie, Sondra Zabar, Elizabeth Weinshel
PURPOSE: Patient education is critical in ensuring patient compliance and good health outcomes. Fellows must be able to effectively communicate with their patients, delivering enough information for the patient to understand their medical problem and maximize patient compliance. We created an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) with four liver disease cases to assess fellows' knowledge and ability to inform standardized patients about their clinical condition. METHODS: We developed four cases highlighting different aspects of liver disease and created a four station OSCE: hepatitis B, acute hepatitis C, new diagnosis of cirrhosis, and an end-stage cirrhotic non transplant candidate...
January 19, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
N Ul Haq, Z Malik, A Nasim, S Riaz, G Mohammad, S Azhar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
C H Fang, H B Liang, C W Chi, H S Tao, C Fang, W Zhu, Z K Mo, J Yang, N Xiang, N Zeng, J Tian
Objective: To explore the value of near-infrared technology guided by indolecyanine green(ICG) in planning resection line and real-time surgical navigation in small liver cancer. Methods: From March to September 2015, 11 patients with hepatic tumors received hepatectomy were treated in First Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University.There were 5 male and 6 female patients with average age of (55±10)years (range 39-70 years). Among whom, there were 9 cases with hepatocellular carcinoma and 2 cases with colorectal cancer...
June 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Guglielmo Dini, Alessandra Toletone, Ilaria Barberis, Nicoletta Debarbieri, Emanuela Massa, Chiara Paganino, Francesca Bersi, Alfredo Montecucco, Cristiano Alicino, Paolo Durando
Vaccination against Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) became mandatory in Italy for all newborns and 12 years-old individuals in the 1991. The immunogenicity of HBV vaccine and the effectiveness of the universal immunization strategy have been widely demonstrated. However the need to assess the antibody concentrations above the well known serological correlate of protection for HBV infection (≥10 mIU/mL), established in individuals immunized with a 3 doses vaccination course, is still recommended in subjects exposed to occupational risks in different settings, particularly the healthcare services...
February 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Andrea Trevisan
On the basis of an article previously published in the journal regarding immune persistence after hepatitis B vaccination in infancy, I discuss why this persistence is a fact and not a fancy. Immune memory after a primary vaccination series has been widely demonstrated by prompt response to booster doses and the proliferation of T cells secreting IFNγ. In a large cohort of medical students, 79% of subjects were positive for anti-HBs antibodies, and only 1.9% of the subjects had serological evidence of past hepatitis B infection...
April 3, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Cheng-Maw Ho, Po-Huang Lee, Wing Tung Cheng, Rey-Heng Hu, Yao-Ming Wu, Ming-Chih Ho
Literature on liver transplantation for use in medical education is limited and as yet unsatisfactory. The aim of this article is to help medical students gain enough insight into the reality of being a liver transplant recipient. This is crucial so in the future they can feel confident in approaching these patients with adequate knowledge and confidence. The knowledge-tree based learning core topics are designed for a 2-h class including indication/contraindication in the real-world setting, model for end stage liver disease scoring and organ allocation policy, liver transplantation for hepatic malignancy, transplantation surgery, immunosuppression strategy in practical consideration, and management of viral hepatitis...
December 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Zohreh Karimiankakolaki, Mohammad Hossein Baghianimoghadam, Sakineh Gerayllo, Nadia Sheikh Samani, Hajar Hadipour
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B is the most common cause of liver disease, and medical students are a risk group for the disease given their future occupations. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess of predictors of hepatitis B in the Faculty of nursing, midwifery and health at Shahrekord Islamic Azad University in 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 300 students from the Faculty of nursing, midwifery and health at Shahrekord Islamic Azad University...
July 2016: Hepatitis Monthly
Vincent Agnello
In commemoration of Henry Kunkel's 100th birthday, the effect of his legacy on the investigation of hepatitis C virus is recounted. The delineation of a major cross-idiotype (WA) among patients with essential mixed cryoglobulinemia led to the discovery that HCV was the etiologic agent for this disease. Studies of the cryoglobulins led to the discovery that WA RF reacted specifically with HCV-VLDL like particles that on electronmicroscopy and binding studies appeared to be the virion within a lipid shell. This particle mediates cell entry via LDLr and may serve to avoid the immune response by masking the virion...
November 2016: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
Joanah Ikobah, Henry Okpara, Iwasam Elemi, Yeonun Ogarepe, Ekong Udoh, Emmanuel Ekanem
INTRODUCTION: Hepatitis B virus infection is a major global health problem of public health importance. In a bid to control the infection, the Nigerian government in 2004 introduced hepatitis B vaccine into the National Program on Immunization. There are no studies on the prevalence of hepatitis B in adolescent prior to 2004. The study was aimed at determining the seroprevalence and predictors of viral Hepatitis B in Nigerian children aged 11-19 years. METHODS: A cross sectional analytical study was conducted in July 2014...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
María Elena Cárdenas-Perea, Eduardo Gómez-Conde, Gerardo Santos-López, Irma Pérez-Contreras, María Alicia Díaz-Orea, José Luís Gándara-Ramírez, Othón Rafael Cruz Y López, Luis Márquez-Domínguez, Francisca Sosa-Jurado
Although preventable with vaccination, Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major health concern, with ∼400 million people at risk of developing the chronic form of the disease worldwide. The anti-HBV vaccine consists of a recombinant HBV surface antigen (HBsAg), which induces specific anti-HBs antibodies and confers 95% protection for >20 y. The aim of the present study was to analyze the response to HBV vaccination by measuring anti-HBs antibodies in serum samples from medical students of a public university in Puebla, Mexico...
July 2, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
F Noordeen, D G C S Madushanka, F N N Pitchai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Ceylon Medical Journal
Dimitrios Papagiannis, Zoi Tsimtsiou, Ioanna Chatzichristodoulou, Maria Adamopoulou, Ilias Kallistratos, Spyros Pournaras, Malamatenia Arvanitidou, George Rachiotis
Students of health professions are at high risk of hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection during their clinical training. The aim of this cross-sectional, multi-centered study was to investigate the HBV vaccination coverage in Greek medical, nursing, and paramedical students, to look into their attitudes towards the importance of vaccines and to reveal reasons associated with not being vaccinated. A self-completed, anonymous questionnaire was distributed to 2119 students of health professions in Greece, during the academic year 2013-2014...
March 15, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Priyadarshini Choudhury, Silpiranjan Mishra, Srinivas Kandula, Sangamesh Ningappa Chinnannavar, Purnendu Rout, Rajat Panigrahi
BACKGROUND: The emergence of the blood-borne pathogens and the increasing number of infected patients and the increasing interest in dental health care compel the dental professionals to have thorough knowledge about communicable diseases and the MBBS and nursing students are always at risk because of their profession. As hepatitis B infection is a major health hazard throughout the world, healthcare students should have through knowledge about this disease. Setia et al. had conducted a similar kind of study in Punjab in which the sample size was smaller and it included only the interns, whereas the present study was conducted to assess the level of knowledge, attitude, and behavior about hepatitis B infection among healthcare students of all academic years because they are indulged in clinical work since third year of their curriculum...
December 2015: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Monica Lamberti, Alfredo De Rosa, Elpidio Maria Garzillo, Anna Rita Corvino, Nicola Sannolo, Stefania De Pascalis, Eliana Di Fiore, Claudia Westermann, Antonio Arnese, Gabriella Di Giuseppe, Albert Nienhaus, Antônio Paulino Ribeiro Sobrinho, Nicola Coppola
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s12995-015-0083-4.].
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Kamal Dumaidi, Amer Al-Jawabreh
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B infection is a global public health problem affecting various sectors in the society. Vaccination is the first line measure to prevent the disease. OBJECTIVES: To assess the persistence of anti-HBs marker among medical students after 18 - 22 of vaccination as an indicator for Hepatitis B virus vaccine efficacy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this study, 249 Palestinian medical students vaccinated at birth, 1, and 6 months of age using Engerix™-B starting from 1992 were studied...
November 2015: Hepatitis Monthly
Monica Lamberti, Alfredo De Rosa, Elpidio Maria Garzillo, Anna Rita Corvino, Nicola Sannolo, Stefania De Pascalis, Eliana Di Fiore, Claudia Westermann, Antonio Arnese, Di Giuseppe Gabriella, Albert Nienhaus, Antônio Paulino Ribeiro Sobrinho, Nicola Coppola
BACKGROUND: The development of a vaccine against hepatitis B virus (HBV) has been a major achievement in terms of prevention of HBV infection. For the present study, we analysed the long-term immunogenicity and effectiveness of HBV vaccination among healthcare students with different working seniorities. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of undergraduate and postgraduate students attending the Medical School of the Second University of Naples was conducted between September 2012 and December 2014...
2015: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
J Prasuna, Rakesh Sharma, Anita Bhatt, Arazoo, Disha Painuly, Himani Butola, Anju Yadav
BACKGROUND: Needle stick injury (NSI) became a major issue and most of the research focuses on Nurses, Doctors and other health care workers, but at the same time nursing students in clinical duties are at high risk. Studies are available which examined NSI only in Medical students and health care workers. The present study is aimed to measure the occurrence of needle stick injury along with post exposure measures and evaluation of the knowledge regarding needle stick injury among nursing student...
April 2015: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
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