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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713447/knowledge-about-blood-borne-pathogens-and-the-prevalence-of-needle-stick-injuries-among-medical-students-in-serbia
#1
Vuk Marusic, Ljiljana Markovic-Denic, Olivera Djuric, Dragana Protic, Emilija Dubljanin-Raspopovic
INTRODUCTION: Medical students are mainly exposed to needle stick and sharp object injuries in the course of their clinical activities during studying. They are at high risk due to their undeveloped skills, restricted clinical experience, lack of knowledge and risk perception. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of needle stick injuries of the fourth and final year medical students, and to estimate their knowledge about blood-borne pathogens disease transmission and standard precautions...
September 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693481/psychological-situational-and-application-related-determinants-of-the-intention-to-self-test-a-factorial-survey-among-students
#2
Pinar Kuecuekbalaban, Tim Rostalski, Silke Schmidt, Holger Muehlan
BACKGROUND: The Internet enables an unprecedented opportunity to access a broad range of self-tests (e.g. testing for HIV, cancer, hepatitis B/C), which can be conducted by lay consumers without the help of a health professional. However, there is only little knowledge about the determinants of the use of self-tests. Thus, the aims of this study were (1) to experimentally investigate the impact of situational and application-related characteristics on the intention to use a self-test (ST), compared to being tested by a health professional at home (HPH) or at a doctor's office (HPD), (2) to examine the applicability of social-cognitive health behaviour theories on self-testing, and (3) to explore the advantages of integrating technological affinity into social-cognitive health behaviour models to predict self-testing...
July 10, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664713/predictors-of-hepatitis-b-surface-antigen-titers-two-decades-after-vaccination-in-a-cohort-of-students-and-post-graduates-of-the-medical-school-at-the-university-of-palermo-italy
#3
M G Verso, N Lo Cascio, E Noto Laddeca, E Amodio, M Currieri, G Giammanco, D Ferraro, S De Grazia, D Picciotto
<b>Introduction and objective.</b> The introduction of a vaccine against hepatitis B virus (HBV) for newborn babies in Italy in 1991, extended to 12-year-old children for the first 12 years of application, has been a major achievement in terms of the prevention of HBV infection. The objective of this study was to analyse the long-term immunogenicity and effectiveness of HBV vaccination among healthcare students with different working seniorities. <b>Materials and method.</b> A cross-sectional observational study of undergraduate and postgraduate students attending the Medical School of the University of Palermo was conducted from January 2014 - July 2016...
June 12, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567193/hepatitis-b-virus-seroprevalence-among-malawian-medical-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Froid Chipetah, Aaron Chirambo, Ednas Billiat, Isaac Thom Shawa
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) predominantly spreads through contact with infected blood or other body fluids and causes liver disease. HBV vaccination for students at the College of Medicine, University of Malawi, is done without screening for the virus. It is important to assess the prevalence of HBV antigens among foundation-year students in order to consolidate evidence in support of HBV screening before vaccination. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of HBV antigens among 2013-2014 foundation-year students at the University of Malawi College of Medicine...
March 2017: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469118/risk-perception-of-hepatitis-b-infection-and-uptake-of-hepatitis-b-vaccine-among-students-of-tertiary-institution-in-jos
#5
M P Chingle, I A Osagie, H Adams, D Gwomson, N Emeribe, A I Zoakah
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) Infection is endemic in Nigeria. Healthcare students are more vulnerable because of direct contact with patients' body fluids and blood. Risk perception of HBV and HB vaccine uptake are also poor. The aim of this study was to assess the level of risk perception of hepatitis B infection, and uptake of the HBV vaccine, between medical and other students of the University of Jos. METHODS: A comparative cross sectional study was conducted among 1,200 students of the departments of Medicine, Nursing sciences and Public Administration, University of Jos (400 from each arm) using a pretested self-administered questionnaire...
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367387/comparison-of-knowledge-and-attitudes-regarding-hepatitis-b-among-healthcare-professionals-in-pakistan
#6
Asad Ali, Sara Khan, Saad M Malik, Muhammad Haris Iqbal, Muhammad Aadil
AIM: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a blood-borne infectious disease. It is one of the most common causes of end-stage liver disease, including cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Healthcare professionals, including medical and dental students, are at a high risk of acquiring this infection. The aim of this study was to compare and contrast the knowledge and attitudes toward HBV infection amongst doctors, dentists, nurses, and undergraduate final year medical and dental students. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: A cross-sectional study was carried out on a sample size of 381 medical professionals, which included doctors (59), dentists (77), nurses (71), final year medical students (126), and final year dental students (48) at Combined Military Hospital Lahore Medical College and Institute of Dentistry (CMH LMC)...
February 23, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272332/knowledge-attitude-and-behaviours-towards-recommended-vaccinations-among-healthcare-workers
#7
Giuseppe La Torre, Stefania Scalingi, Veronica Garruto, Marco Siclari, Massimiliano Chiarini, Alice Mannocci
Healthcare workers (HCWs) are an important group of professionals exposed to biological risk during their work activities. So, the aim of this study is to perform a survey on the knowledge, attitude and behaviour of Italian HCWs towards the vaccinations recommended by the Ministry of Health. A cross-sectional study was carried out during the period September 2014-August 2015 in the Lazio region. The study was conducted by recruiting HCWs and biomedical students. The sample was comprised of 571 responders, of whom 12...
March 7, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221166/prevalence-of-needlestick-injuries-attitude-changes-and-prevention-practices-over-12-years-in-an-urban-academic-hospital-surgery-department
#8
Jessica M Hasak, Christine B Novak, Jennifer Megan M Patterson, Susan E Mackinnon
OBJECTIVE: Needlestick injury prevalence, protection practices, and attitudes were assessed. Current medical students were compared with 2003 data to assess any changes that occurred with engineered safety feature implementation. BACKGROUND: Risk of occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens is elevated in the operating room particularly with surgeons in training and nurses. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was distributed to medical students (n = 358) and Department of Surgery staff (n = 247)...
February 17, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111335/assessment-of-abilities-of-gastroenterology-fellows-to-provide-information-to-patients-with-liver-disease
#9
Noami Chaudhary, Catherine Lucero, Gerald Villanueva, Michael Poles, Colleen Gillespie, Sondra Zabar, Elizabeth Weinshel
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Patient education is critical in ensuring patient compliance and good health outcomes. Fellows must be able to effectively communicate with their patients, delivering enough information for the patient to understand their medical problem and maximize patient compliance. We created an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) with 4 liver disease cases to assess fellows' knowledge and ability to inform standardized patients (SPs) about their clinical condition...
January 20, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27972880/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-towards-hepatitis-b-among-medical-college-students-of-quetta-pakistan
#10
N Ul Haq, Z Malik, A Nasim, S Riaz, G Mohammad, S Azhar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938579/-application-of-indocyanine-green-fluorescent-imaging-technique-in-planning-resection-line-and-real-time-surgical-navigation-in-small-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#11
C H Fang, H B Liang, C W Chi, H S Tao, C Fang, W Zhu, Z K Mo, J Yang, N Xiang, N Zeng, J Tian
Objective: To explore the value of near-infrared technology guided by indolecyanine green(ICG) in planning resection line and real-time surgical navigation in small liver cancer. Methods: From March to September 2015, 11 patients with hepatic tumors received hepatectomy were treated in First Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University.There were 5 male and 6 female patients with average age of (55±10)years (range 39-70 years). Among whom, there were 9 cases with hepatocellular carcinoma and 2 cases with colorectal cancer...
June 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925503/persistence-of-protective-anti-hbs-antibody-levels-and-anamnestic-response-to-hbv-booster-vaccination-a-cross-sectional-study-among-healthcare-students-20%C3%A2-years-following-the-universal-immunization-campaign-in-italy
#12
Guglielmo Dini, Alessandra Toletone, Ilaria Barberis, Nicoletta Debarbieri, Emanuela Massa, Chiara Paganino, Francesca Bersi, Alfredo Montecucco, Cristiano Alicino, Paolo Durando
Vaccination against Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) became mandatory in Italy for all newborns and 12 years-old individuals in the 1991. The immunogenicity of HBV vaccine and the effectiveness of the universal immunization strategy have been widely demonstrated. However the need to assess the antibody concentrations above the well known serological correlate of protection for HBV infection (≥10 mIU/mL), established in individuals immunized with a 3 doses vaccination course, is still recommended in subjects exposed to occupational risks in different settings, particularly the healthcare services...
February 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905837/long-term-persistence-of-immunity-after-hepatitis-b-vaccination-a-fact-not-a-fancy
#13
Andrea Trevisan
On the basis of an article previously published in the journal regarding immune persistence after hepatitis B vaccination in infancy, I discuss why this persistence is a fact and not a fancy. Immune memory after a primary vaccination series has been widely demonstrated by prompt response to booster doses and the proliferation of T cells secreting IFNγ. In a large cohort of medical students, 79% of subjects were positive for anti-HBs antibodies, and only 1.9% of the subjects had serological evidence of past hepatitis B infection...
April 3, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895907/succinct-guide-to-liver-transplantation-for-medical-students
#14
REVIEW
Cheng-Maw Ho, Po-Huang Lee, Wing Tung Cheng, Rey-Heng Hu, Yao-Ming Wu, Ming-Chih Ho
Literature on liver transplantation for use in medical education is limited and as yet unsatisfactory. The aim of this article is to help medical students gain enough insight into the reality of being a liver transplant recipient. This is crucial so in the future they can feel confident in approaching these patients with adequate knowledge and confidence. The knowledge-tree based learning core topics are designed for a 2-h class including indication/contraindication in the real-world setting, model for end stage liver disease scoring and organ allocation policy, liver transplantation for hepatic malignancy, transplantation surgery, immunosuppression strategy in practical consideration, and management of viral hepatitis...
December 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651804/a-survey-of-knowledge-individual-perceived-risk-general-perceived-risk-and-behavioral-intentions-regarding-hepatitis-b-among-students-in-the-faculty-of-nursing-midwifery-and-health-at-shahrekord-islamic-azad-university-in-2014
#15
Zohreh Karimiankakolaki, Mohammad Hossein Baghianimoghadam, Sakineh Gerayllo, Nadia Sheikh Samani, Hajar Hadipour
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B is the most common cause of liver disease, and medical students are a risk group for the disease given their future occupations. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess of predictors of hepatitis B in the Faculty of nursing, midwifery and health at Shahrekord Islamic Azad University in 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 300 students from the Faculty of nursing, midwifery and health at Shahrekord Islamic Azad University...
July 2016: Hepatitis Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27503146/the-kunkel-legacy-and-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#16
REVIEW
Vincent Agnello
In commemoration of Henry Kunkel's 100th birthday, the effect of his legacy on the investigation of hepatitis C virus is recounted. The delineation of a major cross-idiotype (WA) among patients with essential mixed cryoglobulinemia led to the discovery that HCV was the etiologic agent for this disease. Studies of the cryoglobulins led to the discovery that WA RF reacted specifically with HCV-VLDL like particles that on electronmicroscopy and binding studies appeared to be the virion within a lipid shell. This particle mediates cell entry via LDLr and may serve to avoid the immune response by masking the virion...
November 2016: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279955/the-prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-nigerian-children-prior-to-vaccine-introduction-into-the-national-programme-on-immunization-schedule
#17
Joanah Ikobah, Henry Okpara, Iwasam Elemi, Yeonun Ogarepe, Ekong Udoh, Emmanuel Ekanem
INTRODUCTION: Hepatitis B virus infection is a major global health problem of public health importance. In a bid to control the infection, the Nigerian government in 2004 introduced hepatitis B vaccine into the National Program on Immunization. There are no studies on the prevalence of hepatitis B in adolescent prior to 2004. The study was aimed at determining the seroprevalence and predictors of viral Hepatitis B in Nigerian children aged 11-19 years. METHODS: A cross sectional analytical study was conducted in July 2014...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27171749/hepatitis-b-surface-antibodies-in-medical-students-from-a-public-university-in-puebla-mexico
#18
María Elena Cárdenas-Perea, Eduardo Gómez-Conde, Gerardo Santos-López, Irma Pérez-Contreras, María Alicia Díaz-Orea, José Luís Gándara-Ramírez, Othón Rafael Cruz Y López, Luis Márquez-Domínguez, Francisca Sosa-Jurado
Although preventable with vaccination, Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major health concern, with ∼400 million people at risk of developing the chronic form of the disease worldwide. The anti-HBV vaccine consists of a recombinant HBV surface antigen (HBsAg), which induces specific anti-HBs antibodies and confers 95% protection for >20 y. The aim of the present study was to analyze the response to HBV vaccination by measuring anti-HBs antibodies in serum samples from medical students of a public university in Puebla, Mexico...
July 2, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27031984/immune-response-to-hepatitis-b-vaccination-in-a-group-of-medical-students-in-sri-lanka
#19
LETTER
F Noordeen, D G C S Madushanka, F N N Pitchai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26999171/hepatitis-b-virus-vaccination-coverage-in-medical-nursing-and-paramedical-students-a-cross-sectional-multi-centered-study-in-greece
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Dimitrios Papagiannis, Zoi Tsimtsiou, Ioanna Chatzichristodoulou, Maria Adamopoulou, Ilias Kallistratos, Spyros Pournaras, Malamatenia Arvanitidou, George Rachiotis
Students of health professions are at high risk of hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection during their clinical training. The aim of this cross-sectional, multi-centered study was to investigate the HBV vaccination coverage in Greek medical, nursing, and paramedical students, to look into their attitudes towards the importance of vaccines and to reveal reasons associated with not being vaccinated. A self-completed, anonymous questionnaire was distributed to 2119 students of health professions in Greece, during the academic year 2013-2014...
March 15, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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