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Nicholas J Porter, Florence F Wagner, David W Christianson
Among the metal-dependent histone deacetylases, the class IIb isozyme HDAC6 is remarkable because of its role in the regulation of microtubule dynamics in the cytosol. Selective inhibition of HDAC6 results in microtubule hyperacetylation, leading to cell cycle arrest and apoptosis, which is a validated strategy for cancer chemotherapy and the treatment of other disorders. HDAC6 inhibitors generally consist of a Zn2+ -binding group such as a hydroxamate, a linker, and a capping group; the capping group is a critical determinant of isozyme selectivity...
May 18, 2018: Biochemistry
Yan Liu, Yuyang Li, Shengwu Liu, Dennis O Adeegbe, Camilla L Christensen, Max M Quinn, Ruben Dries, Shiwei Han, Kevin Buczkowski, Xiaoen Wang, Ting Chen, Peng Gao, Hua Zhang, Fei Li, Peter S Hammerman, James E Bradner, Steven N Quayle, Kwok-Kin Wong
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) has the highest malignancy among all lung cancers, exhibiting aggressive growth and early metastasis to distant sites. For 30 years, treatment options for SCLC have been limited to chemotherapy, warranting the need for more effective treatments. Frequent inactivation of TP53 and RB1 as well as histone dysmodifications in SCLC suggest that transcriptional and epigenetic regulations play a major role in SCLC disease evolution. Here we performed a synthetic lethal screen using the BET inhibitor JQ1 and an shRNA library targeting 550 epigenetic genes in treatment-refractory SCLC xenograft models and identified HDAC6 as a synthetic lethal target in combination with JQ1...
May 14, 2018: Cancer Research
Dong Hoon Lee, Hye-Rim Won, Hyun-Wook Ryu, Jung Min Han, So Hee Kwon
ACY‑1215, also known as ricolinostat, is a leading histone deacetylase 6 inhibitor, which is currently being tested in clinical trials for hematological malignancies. Previous studies have reported that ACY‑1215 is not potent enough as a monotherapy for the treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC), which generally requires combination therapy for successful treatment. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine whether the synergistic interaction detected between ACY‑1215 and anticancer agents in hematological cancers could occur in solid tumors...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Oncology
Renato Ferreira de Freitas, Rachel J Harding, Ivan Franzoni, Mani Ravichandran, Mandeep K Mann, Hui Ouyang, Mark Lautens, Vijayaratnam Santhakumar, Cheryl H Arrowsmith, Matthieu Schapira
HDAC6 plays a central role in the recruitment of protein aggregates for lysosomal degradation and is a promising target for combination therapy with proteasome inhibitors in multiple myeloma. Pharmacologically displacing ubiquitin from the zinc-finger ubiquitin-binding domain (ZnF-UBD) of HDAC6 is an underexplored alternative to catalytic inhibition. Here, we present the discovery of an HDAC6 ZnF-UBD-focused chemical series and its progression from virtual screening hits to low micromolar inhibitors. A carboxylate mimicking the C-terminal extremity of ubiquitin, and an extended aromatic system stacking with W1182 and R1155, are necessary for activity...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Michel Leonhardt, Andreas Sellmer, Oliver H Krämer, Stefan Dove, Sigurd Elz, Birgit Kraus, Mandy Beyer, Siavosh Mahboobi
Various diseases are related to epigenetic modifications. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) and histone acetyl transferases (HATs) determine the pattern of histone acetylation, and thus are involved in the regulation of gene expression. First generation histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) are unselective, hinder all different kinds of zinc dependent HDACs and additionally cause several side effects. Subsequently, selective HDACi are gaining more and more interest. Especially, selective histone deacetylase 6 inhibitors (HDAC6i) are supposed to be less toxic...
April 26, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Elisa Landucci, Margherita Brindisi, Laura Bianciardi, Lorenza M Catania, Sergio Daga, Susanna Croci, Elisa Frullanti, Chiara Fallerini, Stefania Butini, Simone Brogi, Simone Furini, Riccardo Melani, Angelo Molinaro, Flaminia Clelia Lorenzetti, Valentina Imperatore, Sonia Amabile, Jessica Mariani, Francesca Mari, Francesca Ariani, Tommaso Pizzorusso, Anna Maria Pinto, Flora M Vaccarino, Giuseppe Campiani, Alessandra Renieri, Ilaria Meloni
Mutations in MECP2 gene have been identified in more than 95% of patients with classic Rett syndrome, one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders in females. Taking advantage of the breakthrough technology of genetic reprogramming, we investigated transcriptome changes in neurons differentiated from induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPSCs) derived from patients with different mutations. Profiling by RNA-seq in terminally differentiated neurons revealed a prominent GABAergic circuit disruption along with a perturbation of cytoskeleton dynamics...
May 3, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
G R Vanaja, Hemalatha Golaconda Ramulu, Arunasree M Kalle
BACKGROUND: Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are involved in epigenetic gene regulation via deacetylation of acetylated lysine residues of both histone and non-histone proteins. Among the 18 HDACs identified in humans, HDAC8, a class I HDAC, is best understood structurally and enzymatically. However, its precise subcellular location, function in normal cellular physiology, its protein partners and substrates still remain elusive. METHODS: The subcellular localization of HDAC8 was studied using immunofluorescence and confocal imaging...
May 2, 2018: Cell Communication and Signaling: CCS
Daishun Liu, Honglan Zhu, Ling Gong, Shenglan Pu, Yang Wu, Wei Zhang, Guichuan Huang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a crucial process involved in pulmonary fibrosis. This study aimed to explore the role of histone deacetylases (HDACs) and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in EMT in human lung epithelial cells. METHODS: Human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells were treated with bleomycin and tunicamycin to induce EMT. The proliferation of A549 cells was detected by MTT assay. The expression of HDACs and EMT markers was detected by PCR and Western blot analysis...
April 25, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Hyundong Jo, Ha Young Jang, Gi Soo Youn, Donggyu Kim, Chae Yeon Lee, Jae Hee Jang, Soo Young Choi, Jong-Gab Jun, Jinseu Park
Human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) transactivator of transcription (Tat) is an important viral factor in neuro-inflammation. Hindsiipropane B, present in Celastrus hindsii, possesses various biological mechanisms including anti-inflammatory activity. In this report, we explored the regulatory activity of hindsiipropane B on HIV-1 Tat-mediated chemokine production and its mode of action in astrocytes. Hindsiipropane B significantly alleviated HIV-1 Tat-mediated production of inflammatory chemokines, CCL2, CXCL8, and CXCL10...
April 27, 2018: BMB Reports
Samuel Campbell, Keittisak Suwan, Sajee Waramit, Eric Ofori Aboagye, Amin Hajitou
The previously developed adeno-associated virus/phage (AAVP) vector, a hybrid between M13 bacteriophage (phage) viruses that infect bacteria only and human Adeno-Associated Virus (AAV), is a promising tool in targeted gene therapy against cancer. AAVP can be administered systemically and made tissue specific through the use of ligand-directed targeting. Cancer cells and tumor-associated blood vessels overexpress the αν integrin receptors, which are involved in tumor angiogenesis and tumor invasion...
April 21, 2018: Cancers
Bertrand Lecointre, Remy Narozny, Maria Teresa Borrello, Johanna Senger, Alokta Chakrabarti, Manfred Jung, Martin Marek, Christophe Romier, Jelena Melesina, Wolfgang Sippl, Laurent Bischoff, A Ganesan
A series of hydroxamic acids linked by different lengths to a chiral imidazo-ketopiperazine scaffold were synthesized. The compounds with linker lengths of 6 and 7 carbon atoms were the most potent in histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibition, and were specific submicromolar inhibitors of the HDAC1, HDAC6 and HDAC8 isoforms. A docking model for the binding mode predicts binding of the hydroxamic acid to the active site zinc cation and additional interactions between the imidazo-ketopiperazine and the enzyme rim...
June 5, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
Navjot Shah, Masakii Ishii, Carlene Brandon, Zsolt Ablonczy, Jingwen Cai, Yutao Liu, James Chou, Bärbel Rohrer
Retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) alterations in age-related macular degeneration occur in patches, potentially involving long-distance communication between damaged and healthy areas. Communication along the epithelium might be mediated by extracellular vesicles (EVs). To test this hypothesis, EVs were collected from supernatants of polarized ARPE-19 and primary porcine RPE monolayers for functional and biochemical assays. EVs from oxidatively stressed donor cells reduced barrier function in recipient RPE monolayers when compared to control EVs...
April 20, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Xiaofang Zhang, Yuping Zhu, Yijun Tian, Han Yan, Lijun Ren, Wenjing Shi, Jiangbo Zhu, Tianbao Zhang
The aims of the present research are to further validate the application of the improved three-dimensional (3 D) rat testicular cell co-culture model to evaluate the effects of various reprotoxic chemicals on the function of the main somatic cells, as well as on spermatogonial cell differentiation and even spermatogenesis, and to investigate the specific toxicant mechanisms in testes treated with HZ1006, a hydroxamate-based a hydroxamate-based histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACI). Based on the characteristics of HZ1006, the appropriate exposure duration (8, 16, or 24 days), dosage (0, 3...
April 23, 2018: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
Johannes M Waldschmidt, Alexander Keller, Gabriele Ihorst, Olga Grishina, Stefan Müller, Dagmar Wider, Anna V Frey, Kristina King, Roman Simon, Annette May, Pierfrancesco Tassone, Justus Duyster, Manfred Jung, Noopur Raje, Ralph Wäsch, Monika Engelhardt
This phase I/II trial was conducted to investigate the safety, efficacy, and pharmacodynamics of the pan-HDAC-inhibitor (HDACi) vorinostat combined with bortezomib, doxorubicin, and dexamethasone (VBDD) in patients suffering from relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM). In the phase I part of this study, 9/33 patients received dose-escalated vorinostat (100, 200, 300mg), using a 4-day-on and 4-day-off schedule, and a standard 3+3 design. In the phase II part of the study, 24/33 patients were included to further assess VBDD's safety and efficacy...
April 19, 2018: Haematologica
Micaela Faria Freitas, Muriel Cuendet, Philippe Bertrand
Zinc-dependent histone deacetylases (HDAC) inhibitors represent an important class of biologically active compounds with four of them approved by the FDA. A wide range of molecules has been reported for applications in several human diseases.Area covered: This review covers recent efforts in the synthesis and applications of HDAC inhibitors from 2013-2017.Expert opinion: HDAC inhibitors represent an important class of biologically active compounds for single or combination therapies. The current synthetic methodologies are oriented towards selective HDAC isoforms to achieve better therapeutic effects...
April 19, 2018: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
Hua Tao, Yuan-Yuan Chen, Zong-Wen Sun, Hua-Lin Chen, Ming Chen
Esophageal carcinoma is aggressive in nature and its prognosis is largely dependent on the degree of invasion. Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6), as the most unique member of HDACs family, has the positive activity to promote initiation and progression of various cancers via targeting multiple non-histone proteins in cytoplasm. In this study, we found that HDAC6 was over-expressed in three esophageal cancer cell lines (KYSE140, KYSE170, KYSE180) when compared to non-carcinoma esophageal epithelial cell HEEC-1. Then two HDAC6 specific siRNAs and HDAC6 inhibitor tubastatin A greatly suppressed KYSE140 and KYSE180 cells proliferation and migration, and the inhibition of cell motility was accompanied by elevated acetylation of α-tubulin, a target of HDAC6...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Marica Pinazza, Margherita Ghisi, Sonia Minuzzo, Valentina Agnusdei, Gianluca Fossati, Vincenzo Ciminale, Laura Pezzè, Yari Ciribilli, Giorgia Pilotto, Carolina Venturoli, Alberto Amadori, Stefano Indraccolo
Several studies have revealed that endosomal sorting controls the steady-state levels of Notch at the cell surface in normal cells and prevents its inappropriate activation in the absence of ligands. However, whether this highly dynamic physiologic process can be exploited to counteract dysregulated Notch signaling in cancer cells remains unknown. T-ALL is a malignancy characterized by aberrant Notch signaling, sustained by activating mutations in Notch1 as well as overexpression of Notch3, a Notch paralog physiologically subjected to lysosome-dependent degradation in human cancer cells...
April 12, 2018: Oncogene
Zerong You, Shuzhuo Zhang, Shiqian Shen, Jinsheng Yang, Weihua Ding, Liuyue Ang, Grewo Lim, Jason T Doheny, Samuel Tate, Lucy Chen, Jianren Mao
Clinical evidence indicates that cognitive impairment is a common comorbid condition of chronic pain. However, the cellular basis for chronic pain-mediated cognitive impairment remains unclear. We report here that rats exhibited memory deficits after spared never injury (SNI). We found that levels of stable microtubule (MT) were increased in the hippocampus of the rats with memory deficits. This increase in stable MT is marked by α-tubulin hyperacetylation. Paclitaxel, a pharmacological MT stabilizer, increased the level of stable MT in the hippocampus and induced learning and memory deficits in normal rats...
April 2, 2018: Pain
Baigalmaa Lkhagva, Yu-Hsun Kao, Ting-I Lee, Ting-Wei Lee, Wan-Li Cheng, Yi-Jen Chen
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) play vital roles in the pathophysiology of heart failure, which is associated with mitochondrial dysfunction. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) contributes to the genesis of heart failure and impairs mitochondria. This study evaluated the role of HDACs in TNF-α-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and investigated their therapeutic potential and underlying mechanisms. We measured mitochondrial oxygen consumption rate (OCR) and ATP production using Seahorse XF24 extracellular flux analyzer and bioluminescent assay in control and TNF-α (10 ng/ml, 24 h)-treated HL-1 cells with or without HDAC inhibition...
April 3, 2018: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
Fang Wang, Li Zheng, Yuyao Yi, Zhuang Yang, Qiang Qiu, Xiaoyan Wang, Wei Yan, Peng Bai, Jianhong Yang, Dan Li, Heying Pei, Ting Niu, Haoyu Ye, Chunlai Nie, Yiguo Hu, Shengyong Yang, Yuquan Wei, Lijuan Chen
Our previous study reported that SKLB-23bb, an orally bioavailable HDAC6-selective inhibitor, exhibited superior antitumor efficiency both in vitro and in vivo in comparison with ACY1215, a HDAC6-selective inhibitor recently in phase II clinical trial. This study focused on the mechanism related to the activity of SKLB-23bb. We discovered that despite having HDAC6-selective inhibition equal to ACY1215, SKLB-23bb showed cytotoxic effects against a panel of solid and hematologic tumor cell lines at the low submicromolar level...
April 2018: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
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