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Pulsed dye laser

Daniel P Friedmann, Gregory P Bourgeois, Henry H L Chan, Ann C Zedlitz, Kimberly J Butterwick
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Microfocused ultrasound (MFUS) technology has been utilized since 2009 for improvement in mild to moderate skin and soft tissue laxity of the face and neck. Few complications have been previously reported, the majority of which include mild and transient erythema, edema, ecchymosis, and nerve paralysis. Rare yet serious potential complications of MFUS for noninvasive skin tightening of the face and neck are, however, possible. METHODS & MATERIALS: Retrospective multicenter case series of five patients from the authors' practice who developed serious adverse events directly related to MFUS with a commercially available device (Ultherapy; Merz North America, Inc...
November 20, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Jannett Nguyen, Lance W Chapman, Dorota Z Korta, Christopher B Zachary
Angiokeratomas can present therapeutic challenges, especially in cases of extensive lesions, where traditional surgical methods carry high risks of scarring and hemorrhage. Argon, pulsed dye (PDL), neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG), copper vapor, potassium titanyl phosphate, carbon dioxide, and erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Er:YAG) lasers have emerged as alternative options. To review the use and efficacy of lasers in treating angiokeratomas. A PubMed search identified randomized clinical trials, cohort studies, case series, and case reports involving laser treatment of cutaneous angiokeratomas...
November 19, 2017: Dermatologic Therapy
Junko Nishikawa, Norikazu Fujii, Takeshi Kato, Toshihiro Tanaka, Noriki Fujimoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
Katelyn Mariko Updyke, Amor Khachemoune
<p>Port-wine stain (PWS) is the second most common congenital vascular malformation characterized as ectatic capillaries and venules in the dermis that clinically appears as a deep red to purple patch on the skin. Typically, PWS progressively darken and may become hypertrophic or nodular without treatment. There are several treatment options available for PWS from topical antiangiogenic agents to laser therapies. Vascular-specific lasers are the gold standard in treating PWS and classically pulsed dye lasers are usually the treatment of choice...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Lin Gao, Ni Gao, Wenting Song, Erle Dang, Rong Yin, Li Wang, Gang Wang
<p>Both pulsed dye laser (PDL) and intense pulsed light (IPL) systems have been demonstrated to be effective for treatment of facial telangiectasia, however there have been very few comparative studies between both treatments involving purely Asian patient populations. In this study, we performed a retrospective analysis to compare the efficacy of PDL and IPL systems for the treatment of facial telangiectasia. A total of 416 patients with facial telangiectasia who were treated by PDL or IPLs in our department from August 2012 to March 2015 were included in this study...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Sophie Seité, René-Jean Bensadoun, Jean-Michel Mazer
More than half the number of patients with cancer, who are treated with radiotherapy, will have radiodermatitis at some point during their treatment. Radiodermatitis either occurs early on in the treatment period or appears months or up to several years later. Acute radiodermatitis is a burn injury that varies in severity according to both treatment and inherent patient factors. Most acute radiodermatitis reactions resolve after several weeks but some reactions persist and can cause complications. Late-onset radiodermatitis is characterized by telangiectasia that forms on atrophic and fragile skin...
2017: Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy
Yusuke Nagai, Chen Shao-Chieh, Kotaro Kajikawa
A random laser of a photonic crystal fiber (PCF) with holes filled with laser dye-doped nematic liquid crystal (NLC) is reported. When the excitation polarization was along the PCF axis, the measured laser threshold was 80  μJ/mm(2) per pulse, which is much lower than the previously reported random laser of PCF filled with laser dye-doped organic solvent. This low threshold is due to the high refractive index of the NLC, which produces a greater scattering efficiency. In contrast, when the excitation polarization is perpendicular to the PCF axis, the threshold was much higher or the laser oscillation was absent...
November 10, 2017: Applied Optics
Ping Zhang, Mei X Wu
Psoriasis is an autoimmune inflammatory skin disease. In the past several decades, phototherapy has been widely used to treat stable psoriatic lesions, including trunk, scalp, arms and legs, and partial nail psoriasis. A variety of light/lasers with different mechanisms of action have been developed for psoriasis including ultraviolet B (UVB), psoralen ultraviolet A (PUVA), pulsed dye laser (PDL), photodynamic therapy (PDT), intense pulsed light (IPL), light-emitting diodes (LED), and so on. Because light/laser each has specific therapeutic and adverse effects, it is important to adequately choose the sources and parameters in management of psoriasis with different pathogenic sites, severities, and duration of the disorder...
October 24, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
Gugu Kubheka, Kayode Sanusi, John Mack, Tebello Nyokong
The optical limiting (OL) properties of 3,5-dipyrenylvinyleneBODIPY dyes that contain both electron withdrawing and donating moieties have been investigated by using the z-scan technique at 532nm in the nanosecond pulse range. The extension of the π-conjugation at the 3,5-positions with pyrenylvinylene groups results in a ca. 200nm red shift of the main BODIPY spectral band to ca. 700nm, so there is relatively weak absorbance at 532nm under ambient light conditions. Reverse saturable absorbance (RSA) profiles are observed in response to incident pulsed laser light that is consistent with a two photon absorption-assisted excited state absorption (ESA) mechanism in CH2Cl2 solution and when the dyes are embedded in poly(bisphenol carbonate A) (PBC) polymer thin films...
October 10, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Zongdai Liu, Rui Chen, Yanjun Liu, Xinhai Zhang, Xiaowei Sun, Wenbin Huang, Dan Luo
Organic microcavity lasers based on liquid crystals have attracted substantial attention due to their easy processing, compact volume and excellent tunable properties. However, the threshold of traditional holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals (H-PDLCs) laser doped with dye is usually as high as several tens of μJ/pulse, which hinders its broad applications. Herein, we demonstrate a low-threshold lasing from quasicrystal based on H-PDLCs. An conjugated polymer poly (2-methoxy-5-(2'-ethyl-hexyloxy)-p-phenylenevinylene (MEH-PPV) film is coated on the inner surface of glass substrate to dramatically reduce the lasing threshold, which is 20 times lower than that of dye-doped microcavity laser...
September 4, 2017: Optics Express
Tomáš Slanina, Pradeep Shrestha, Eduardo Palao, Dnyaneshwar Kand, Julie A Peterson, Andrew S Dutton, Naama Rubinstein, Roy Weinstain, Arthur H Winter, Petr Klán
A detailed investigation of the photophysical parameters and photochemical reactivity of meso-methyl BODIPY photoremovable protecting groups was accomplished through systematic variation of the leaving group (LG) and core substituents as well as substitutions at boron. Efficiencies of the LG release were evaluated using both steady-state and transient absorption spectroscopies as well as computational analyses to identify the optimal structural features. We find that the quantum yields for photorelease with this photocage are highly sensitive to substituent effects...
October 17, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
David D Grimes, Timothy J Barnum, Yan Zhou, Anthony P Colombo, Robert W Field
We demonstrate coherent two-photon population transfer to Rydberg states of barium atoms using a combination of a pulsed dye laser and a chirped-pulse millimeter-wave spectrometer. Numerical calculations, using a density matrix formalism, reproduce our experimental results and explain the factors responsible for the observed fractional population transferred, optimal experimental conditions, and possibilities for future improvements. The long coherence times associated with the millimeter-wave radiation aid in creating coherence between the ground state and Rydberg states, but higher-coherence laser sources are required to achieve stimulated Raman adiabatic passage and for applications to molecules...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
Mitsunori Saito, Takuya Hashimoto, Jumpei Taniguchi
Disk resonators are difficult to create with droplets, since they self-form spheres due to the surface tension. In this study, disk (cylindrical) droplets were created by enclosing a dye (rhodamine 6G) solution in silicone rubber. Lasing actions of these droplets were examined by pulsed green laser excitation. In a large droplet (2 mm diameter), the whispering gallery mode emission was difficult to attain, since it competed with the radial or axial modes that made a round trip in the droplet. A disk droplet of 150 μm diameter exhibited a comb-like spectrum of the whispering gallery mode resonant emission...
October 15, 2017: Optics Letters
Wenxin Yu, Jiafang Zhu, Shih-Jen Changc, Hui Chen, Yunbo Jin, Xi Yang, Tianyou Wang, Lei Chang, Yijie Chen, Gang Ma, Xiaoxi Lin
OBJECTIVE: To compare the safety and efficacy of pulsed dye laser (PDL) at different intervals for the treatment of East Asians with Port-Wine Stain (PWS). BACKGROUND: The population of East Asians around the world is about 1.6 billion, and they are considered to have more melanin in their skin compared with Caucasians. Nevertheless, no studies about the optimal treatment intervals for East Asians with PWS have been carried out. METHODS: We prospectively investigated 39 East Asian patients with untreated PWS...
October 10, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
Hye Soo Ko, Young Ju Suh, Ji Won Byun, Gwang Seong Choi, Jeonghyun Shin
BACKGROUND: The recurrence rate of rosacea was not known very well, but has been reported as 60% in 6 months after withdrawal of the drug. It is not known which treatment can reduce relapses of rosacea effectively. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to identify whether 595 nm-pulsed dye laser (PDL) treatment reduced recurrence rate among rosacea patients who were treated with oral minocycline. METHODS: One hundred and seven Korean patients with rosacea who started treatment with oral minocycline (100 mg/d) with or without PDL (2∼4 sessions) were evaluated retrospectively...
October 2017: Annals of Dermatology
Lukas Weger, Kerstin Hoffmann-Jacobsen
Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) measures fluctuations in a (sub-)femtoliter volume to analyze the diffusive behavior of fluorescent particles. This highly sensitive method has proven to be useful for the analysis of dynamic biological systems as well as in chemistry, physics, and material sciences. It is routinely performed with commercial fluorescence microscopes, which provide a confined observation volume by the confocal technique. The evanescent wave of total internal reflectance (TIR) is used in home-built systems to permit a surface sensitive FCS analysis...
September 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
Alexander L Klein, Detlef Lohse, Michel Versluis, Hanneke Gelderblom
We present an experimental apparatus to control and visualize the response of a liquid target to a laser-induced vaporization. We use a millimeter-sized drop as target and present two liquid-dye solutions that allow a variation of the absorption coefficient of the laser light in the drop by seven orders of magnitude. The excitation source is a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser at its frequency-doubled wavelength emitting nanosecond pulses with energy densities above the local vaporization threshold. The absorption of the laser energy leads to a large-scale liquid motion at time scales that are separated by several orders of magnitude, which we spatiotemporally resolve by a combination of ultra-high-speed and stroboscopic high-resolution imaging in two orthogonal views...
September 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
Suneetha Sebastian, M Kailasnath, V P N Nampoori, S Asokan
Whispering Gallery Mode (WGM) emission has been observed from Ag nanowire doped polymer optical fiber laser. Low threshold lasing and high photostability of the active medium has been noticed with a given concentration of Ag nanowires in the microcavity of the fiber. Quantum yield and lifetime measurements of the dye (active medium) with and without nanowires confirm that presence of nanowires enhance the rate of radiative decay of the fluorophore, thereby providing low pump pulse energy for the excitation of lasing modes in the cavity, as compared with a bare dye-doped polymer fiber laser...
October 1, 2017: Optics Letters
Heesung Kang, Sang-Won Lee, Sang-Min Park, Soon-Woo Cho, Jae Yong Lee, Chang-Seok Kim, Tae Geol Lee
Optical-resolution photoacoustic microscopy (OR-PAM), which has been widely used and studied as a noninvasive and in-vivo imaging technique, can yield high-resolution and absorption contrast images. Recently, metallic nanoparticles and dyes, such as gold nanoparticles, methylene blue, and indocyanine green, have been used as contrast agents of OR-PAM. This study demonstrates real-time functional OR-PAM images with high-speed alternating illumination at two wavelengths. To generate two wavelengths, second harmonic generation at 532 nm with an LBO crystal and a pump wavelength of 1064 nm is applied at a pulse repetition rate of 300 kHz...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
M V Zagidullin, N A Khvatov, I A Medvedkov, G I Tolstov, A M Mebel, M C Heaven, V N Azyazov
Rate constants for the removal of O2(b(1)Σg(+)) by collisions with O2, N2, CO2, and H2O have been determined over the temperature range from 297 to 800 K. O2(b(1)Σg(+)) was excited by pulses from a tunable dye laser, and the deactivation kinetics were followed by observing the temporal behavior of the b(1)Σg(+)-X(3)Σg(-) fluorescence. The removal rate constants for CO2, N2, and H2O were not strongly dependent on temperature and could be represented by the expressions kCO2 = (1.18 ± 0.05) × 10(-17) × T(1...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
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