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Pulsed dye laser

Jun Yeong Park, Bok Won Park, Eun Byul Cho, Eun Joo Park, Kwang Ho Kim, Kwang Joong Kim
BACKGROUND: Diphenylcyclopropenone (DPCP) immunotherapy for viral warts has been used for many years, but no studies have analyzed the treatment effects of DPCP alone, without the use of conventional therapy before immunotherapy. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated clinical efficacy of DPCP monotherapy compared to cryotherapy and pulsed dye laser (PDL) therapy. We also assessed the impact of initial sensitization on clinical response. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 250 patients with multiple viral warts between January 2008 and December 2015...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
Rongchao Pan, Ulrich Retzer, Thomas Werblinski, Mikhail N Slipchenko, Terrence R Meyer, Lars Zigan, Stefan Will
Typical commercial pulsed dye laser systems used in the generation of narrowband, tunable ultraviolet radiation for planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) imaging are optimized for either high (∼5-10  kHz) repetition rates at comparatively low ultraviolet pulse energies (hundreds of microjoules) or high-output pulse energies (>10  mJ) at comparatively low repetition rates (∼10  Hz). In this work we use a frequency-doubled Nd:YAG burst-mode laser to pump a custom dye laser system for high pulse energies and repetition rates of 7...
March 1, 2018: Optics Letters
Stephen D Hammack, Campbell D Carter, Aaron W Skiba, Christopher A Fugger, Josef J Felver, Joseph D Miller, James R Gord, Tonghun Lee
Planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) of hydroxyl (OH) and formaldehyde (CH2 O) radicals was performed alongside stereo particle image velocimetry (PIV) at a 20 kHz repetition rate in a highly turbulent Bunsen flame. A dual-pulse burst-mode laser generated envelopes of 532 nm pulse pairs for PIV as well as a pair of 355 nm pulses, the first of which was used for CH2 O PLIF. A diode-pumped solid-state Nd:YAG/dye laser system produced the excitation beam for the OH PLIF. The combined diagnostics produced simultaneous, temporally resolved two-dimensional fields of OH and CH2 O and two-dimensional, three-component velocity fields, facilitating the observation of the interaction of fluid dynamics with flame fronts and preheat layers...
March 1, 2018: Optics Letters
Tianxi Gao, Yajie Xue, Zan Zhang, Wenxiu Que
While single wavelength all-optical information encoding through optically induced orientation of azobenzene dyes is being extensively pursued, we propose multi-wavelength optical data processing and recording based on disperse red 1 (DR1) and 4-(4-hydroxybutyloxy) azobenzene doped organic-inorganic hybrid films to increase the density of recording data. By investigating the change of absorbance spectrum of the doped film under different irradiations, results indicate a laser pulses around 470 nm would be suitable as the probe beam...
February 19, 2018: Optics Express
Emma Bergqvist, Gunnar Bergqvist
A 57-year-old female was presented with an irrepressible case of Necrobiosis Lipoidica considering the possibility of a surgical skin graft. Instead, a pulsed dye laser treatment was used as an alternate treatment. Previous case studies have been found in the literature on the effect of pulsed dye laser on Necrobiosis Lipoidica. The use of a pulsed dye laser in this case resulted in rendering the lesions asymptomatic for pain and a reduction in volume. Prolonged control was exhibited. From this case, we conclude that pulsed dye laser therapy is effective when increasing the number of treatments of laser therapy, and can be used as a treatment for Necrobiosis Lipoidica...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
Arwa M Hassan, Nashwa N Elfar, Omnia M Rizk, Nahed Y Eissa
BACKGROUND: Recent reports suggest that melasma may have a vascular component. Vascular targeting lasers and light treatment can be a therapeutic option that will provide benefits to the patients. OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy and tolerability of pulsed dye laser (PDL) and intense pulsed light in treatment of melasma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight Egyptian female patients with melasma were treated with PDL on the right hemiface (Group A) and with the intense pulsed light on the left hemiface (Group B)...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
F M C de Vries, A M Meulendijks, R J Driessen, A A van Dooren, E P M Tjin, P C M van de Kerkhof
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is a multifaceted skin disorder, affecting more than 85% of young individuals worldwide. Pharmacological therapy is not always desirable because of the development of antibiotic resistance or the potential risk of adverse effects. Non-pharmacological therapies can be viable alternatives for conventional therapies. However, sufficient evidence based support in the efficacy and safety of non-pharmacological therapies is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of several non-pharmacological therapies in the treatment of acne vulgaris...
February 14, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
K Karmisholt, A Haerskjold, T Karlsmark, J Waibel, U Paasch, M Haedersdal
The ability of laser treatment to affect wound healing and subsequently minimize scar formation has been investigated in recent years. However, no systematic review links these clinical trials. The aim of this study is to systematically review and evaluate clinical evidence for early laser intervention to reduce scar formation in studies where laser treatment were introduced less than 3 months after wounding. We searched PubMed using relevant key words in June 2017. Titles, abstracts and articles were sorted according to inclusion and exclusion criteria...
February 8, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Lin Gao, Linhan Qian, Li Wang, Kai Li, Rong Yin, Yanting Wang, Hanmei Kang, Wenting Song, Gang Wang
Introduction: Pulsed dye laser (PDL) for treatment of port wine stain (PWS) usually causes some acute adverse effects, including pain, erythema, scabbing and swelling. This study aimed to determine whether topical halometasone can be used to reduce these acute adverse effects for post-PDL care of patients. Methods: A total of 40 PWS subjects were enrolled in this study and randomly assigned into two regimens: PDL alone and PDL + halometasone. All subjects were given a single treatment of PDL with wavelength of 595 nm, fluence of 8...
2018: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
Hua-Wei Ouyang, Gao-Feng Li, Ying Lei, Michael H Gold, Jun Tan
INTRODUCTION: The objective was to investigate the clinical effect of an adjustable pulse width Pulsed Dye Laser (PDL) vs an adjustable pulse width PDL combined with fractional CO2 laser in treating immature red hypertrophic scars. METHODS: Fifty-six patients (56 sites)were randomly divided into a treatment group and control group. The control group was treated with the 595 nm PDL at a fluence of 7-15J/cm2 and pulse widths of 1.5-3 ms, 7 mm spot size. The treatment group was treated with a fractional CO2 laser (UltraPulse CO2 : Deep FX, Energy: 30~50 mJ, Frequency: 300 Hz, Density 5%, Scan Shape, and Spot Size were decided by shape and area of scar) after utilizing the 595 nm adjustable pulse width PDL (Fluence: 7-15J/cm2 , Pulse widths: 1...
February 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Molly Hirt, Ryan Mello, Scott Lunos, Ronda S Farah
Pulsed dye laser (PDL) is an effective treatment option for erythematotelangiectatic rosacea. The use of a test spot allows patients to experience the procedure on a small area prior to further treatment. The purpose of this study was to elucidate whether the use of a no charge test spot influenced return rates for further PDL treatment. Data were obtained retrospectively using International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-10 codes for rosacea. Sixty charts were identified: 26 patients initially received a PDL test area free of charge, whereas 34 patients initially underwent full PDL treatment...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
Won Joo Kwon, Bok Won Park, Eun Byul Cho, Eun Joo Park, Kwang Ho Kim, Kwang Joong Kim
BACKGROUND: Rosacea is characterized by erythema on face, especially erythema and linear telangiectasia on the nose. Currently, various vascular lasers are used for treatment, and among them, are long-pulsed Nd:YAG(LPNY) and pulsed dye laser (PDL). OBJECTIVES: This study compared the efficacy of LPNY and PDL in treating rosacea-associated nasal telangiectasia. METHODS: Patients with rosacea who showed erythema and telangiectasia on the nose were included...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
Sook Hyun Kong, Ho Seok Suh, Yu Sung Choi
Background: Melasma is an acquired pigmentary disorder that is often therapeutically challenging. Recent evidence suggests that vascular abnormalities are involved in melasma pathogenesis. Pulsed-dye laser (PDL) is considered as standard therapy for vascular lesions. Objective: To assess the efficacy of PDL combined with low-fluence Q-switched Nd:YAG laser (QSNY) in the treatment of melasma. Methods: Seventeen melasma patients were enrolled in this study...
February 2018: Annals of Dermatology
M Ingmar van Raath, Caroline A Bambach, Lea M Dijksman, Albert Wolkerstorfer, Michal Heger
BACKGROUND: Pulsed dye laser is the gold standard for port-wine stain (PWS) treatment. However, pulsed dye lasers achieve suboptimal clinical results in a majority of patients. Patient demand for novel therapies and willingness to participate in clinical studies is currently unknown, yet, imperative for steering R&D activity. The objective of this study was to evaluate these two factors in relation to PWS patient demographics. METHODS: A questionnaire was used to assess patient and PWS characteristics, treatment history, efficacy, and satisfaction, stress level, willingness to travel and pay for an effective treatment, participation in clinical studies, and amenability to intravenous drug administration...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
Kathleen M Nemer, Eva A Hurst
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 29, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Baxter Abraham, Hao Fan, Elena Galoppini, Lars Gundlach
Molecular-sensitization of semiconductor films is an important technology for energy and environmental applications including solar energy conversion, photocatalytic hydrogen production, and water purification. Dye-sensitized films are also scientifically complex and interesting systems with a long history of research. In most applications photoinduced heterogeneous electron transfer (HET) at the molecule/semiconductor interface is of critical importance and while great progress has been made in understanding HET, many open questions remain...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Juliano Peruzzo, Gabriela Czarnobay Garbin, Gabriela Maldonado, Tania Ferreira Cestari
Nail changes are present in about 50% of psoriasis patients and tend to be refractory to conventional treatments. Pulsed dye laser has emerged as an alternative therapy. Our aim is to evaluate the efficacy of pulsed dye laser in nail psoriasis and the impact of treatment on quality of life. Fourteen patients were treated in monthly sessions for three months. The outcome assesment was made by the Nail Psoriasis Severity Index (NAPSI). The median improvement in the scores of the overall NAPSI, nail bed NAPSI, and nail matrix NAPSI were 44...
November 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
J Britton
BACKGROUND: Dermatology laser treatments are undertaken at regional departments using lasers of different powers and wavelengths. In order to achieve good outcomes there need to be good consistency of laser output across different weeks as it is custom and practice to break down the treatments into individual fractions. Departments will also collect information from test patches to help decide on the most appropriate treatment parameters for individual patients. OBJECTIVES: The objective of these experiments is to assess the variability of the energy outputs from a small number of lasers across multiple weeks at realistic parameters...
January 20, 2018: Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
Kathryn Potter, Sailesh Konda, Vicky Zhen Ren, Apphia Lihan Wang, Aditya Srinivasan, Suneel Chilukuri
Surgical management of benign or malignant cutaneous tumors may result in noticeable scars that are of great concern to patients, regardless of sex, age, or ethnicity. Techniques to optimize surgical scars are discussed in this three-part review. Part 2 focuses on scar revision for hypertrophic and keloids scars. Scar revision options for hypertrophic and keloid scars include corticosteroids, bleomycin, fluorouracil, verapamil, avotermin, hydrogel scaffold, nonablative fractional lasers, ablative and fractional ablative lasers, pulsed dye laser (PDL), flurandrenolide tape, imiquimod, onion extract, silicone, and scar massage...
2017: Skinmed
Wenxin Yu, Tianyou Wang, Jiafang Zhu, Yajing Qiu, Hui Chen, Yunbo Jin, Xi Yang, Xiaojie Hu, Lei Chang, Yijie Chen, Gang Ma, Xiaoxi Lin
EMLA cream was developed to reduce pain during pulsed-dye laser (PDL) treatment; however, no standard assessment for the therapeutic outcomes of PDL with EMLA creams thus far available. This comparative, prospective clinical trial evaluates laser efficacy and pain reduction during PDL treatment with EMLA cream for local topical anesthesia. Nineteen patients with untreated port-wine stain (PWS) were treated using PDL and examined in this study. Treatment specifications included Vbeam® PDL (Candela Corp.), 595-nm wavelength, 9 J/cm2 radiant exposure, 0...
December 15, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
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