Read by QxMD icon Read

Biliary stricture

Akihisa Kato, Itaru Naitoh, Hiroyuki Kato, Kazuki Hayashi, Katsuyuki Miyabe, Michihiro Yoshida, Yasuki Hori, Makoto Natsume, Naruomi Jinno, Takeshi Yanagita, Shuji Takiguchi, Satoru Takahashi, Takashi Joh
Endoscopic transpapillary brush cytology and forceps biopsy during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatology are generally used to obtain pathological evidence of biliary strictures. Recently, the new endoscopic scraper Trefle® has been reported and demonstrated high cancer detectability in malignant biliary strictures. This device is used to scrape the stricture over the guidewire, and, in the original method, the tissue and/or cell samples obtained are subjected to histological and/or cytological analysis separately...
March 15, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Evan Johnson, Kyle J Cooper, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, Joseph J Gemmete, Ravi N Srinivasa
Biliary stent placement is an adjunct for complex biliary intervention. Patients with benign biliary strictures or aversion to external drainage may benefit from placement of retrievable biliary stents. This report describes a patient with a working diagnosis of benign biliary stricture who underwent interventional radiology-operated endoscopy-guided transnasal placement of a fully covered retrievable biliary stent.
February 2018: Radiology Case Reports
Nishant Patel, Ravi N Srinivasa, Joseph J Gemmete, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick
Biliary interventions are commonplace in interventional radiology. Occasionally, an anastomotic occlusion is encountered that cannot be traversed with fluoroscopy alone. Endoscopy is a tool that should be added to the interventional radiology armamentarium. Unfortunately, most departments do not have endoscopes regularly available for use by nonendoscopists. The disposable single-use flexible LithoVue scope has the potential to provide many applications for interventional radiologists. It is relatively low cost and is easy to use with a simple setup for novice endoscopists...
February 2018: Radiology Case Reports
Ashwin Rammohan, Sripriya Srinivas, Yahya Al Azri, Mettu Srinivas Reddy, Mohamed Rela
Roux-en-Y (RY) hepaticojejunostomy (HJ) is a critical component of complex hepatobiliary operations, and it is the treatment of choice for post-cholecystectomy biliary strictures (PCBS). Complications related to the Roux limb, particularly those leading to cholangitis, can severely compromise outcomes. We present a case of a 54-year-old lady who had previously undergone two HJ procedures for recurrent PCBS. The same Roux limb had been used in each of the operations. Short Roux/Roux reflux syndrome led to recurrent cholangitis in this patient, as proven by the reflux of oral contrast into the biliary tree on imaging...
February 2018: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
Bader Hamza Shirah, Hamza Asaad Shirah, Syed Husham Zafar, Khalid B Albeladi
Backgrounds/Aims: Postcholecystectomy syndrome represents a heterogeneous group of symptoms and findings in patients who have previously undergone cholecystectomy. It is rare and under-reported in Saudi Arabia. It can be attributed to many complications such as bile duct injury, biliary leak, retained common bile duct stones, recurrent bile duct stones, and bile duct strictures. In this study, we aimed to analyze the causes and evaluate the approach to postcholecystectomy syndrome in our local Saudi Arabian community because of the vast number of cases encountered in our hospital for gallbladder clinical conditions and its related complications...
February 2018: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
Akihisa Kato, Itaru Naitoh, Katsuyuki Miyabe, Kazuki Hayashi, Hiromu Kondo, Michihiro Yoshida, Hiroyuki Kato, Toshiya Kuno, Satoru Takahashi, Takashi Joh
BACKGROUND: Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) of cytology specimens has been used to diagnose biliary strictures. However, the usefulness of FISH for differentiating between cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) and IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis (IgG4-SC) has not been evaluated in forceps biopsy specimens. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 74 specimens obtained by transpapillary forceps biopsy between 2008 and 2015 from 49 consecutive patients with CCA and 25 with IgG4-SC...
March 2018: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
Hyun Young Woo, In Seok Lee, Jae Hyuck Chang, Seung Bae Youn, Si Hyun Bae, Jong Young Choi, Ho Jong Chun, Young Kyoung You, Dong Goo Kim, Seung Kew Yoon
Background/Aims: Biliary complications are the most common donor complication following living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). The aim of this study is to investigate the long-term outcomes of biliary complications in right lobe adult-to-adult LDLT donors, and to evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic treatment of these donors. Methods: The medical charts of right lobe donors who developed biliary complications between June 2000 and January 2008 were retrospectively reviewed...
March 14, 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
Rachel E NeMoyer, Mihir M Shah, Omar Hasan, John L Nosher, Darren R Carpizo
INTRODUCTION: Benign strictures of the biliary system are challenging and uncommon conditions requiring a multidisciplinary team for appropriate management. PRESENTATION OF CASE: The patient is a 32-year-old male that developed a hilar stricture as sequelae of a gunshot wound. Due to the complex nature of the stricture and scarring at the porta hepatis a combined interventional radiologic and surgical approach was carried out to approach the hilum of the right and left hepatic ducts...
March 3, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Tao Wang, Hao Zou, Yun-Xia Liu, Xiao-Wen Zhang
Background: Paclitaxel (PTX) could inhibit the growth of fibroblasts, which occurs in proliferative cholangitis and leads to biliary stricture. However, its use has been limited due to poor bioavailability and local administration for short time. This study designed and synthesized a new PTX-conjugated chitosan film (N-succinyl-hydroxyethyl chitosan containing PTX [PTX-SHEC]) and evaluated its safety and efficiency using in vivo and in vitro experiments. Methods: The SHEC conjugated with PTX was confirmed by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) measurements...
March 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
Brian R Boulay, Simon K Lo
Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided biliary drainage is an emerging technique that combines the advantages of the endoscopic and percutaneous approaches, without the inconveniences and discomfort of an indwelling external catheter. There has been growing interest and experience in EUS-biliary drainage. Several different EUS-guided techniques have been developed to access the obstructed biliary tree from either the stomach or duodenum, according to the location of the stricture, the anatomy of the patient, and the experience of the endoscopist...
April 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
Wenjie Ma, Yongqiong Tan, Anuj Shrestha, Fuyu Li, Rongxing Zhou, Junke Wang, Haijie Hu, Qin Yang
Objective: To compare Roux-en-Y hepatico-jejunostomy with complete resection of the cyst or incomplete resection with 1-cm remnant proximal cyst wall in treating adult type I choledochal cyst (CC). Methods: The medical records of 267 adult patients with type I CC from January 1998 to December 2015 were reviewed retrospectively. Among them, 171 underwent Roux-en-Y hepatico-jejunostomy with complete resection (PBD 0-cm group) and 96 underwent Roux-en-Y hepatico-jejunostomy with 1-cm proximal cyst wall left (PBD 1-cm group)...
February 2018: Gastroenterology Report
Roberta Angelico, Undine A Gerlach, Bridget K Gunson, Desley Neil, Hynek Mergental, John Isaac, Paolo Muiesan, Darius Mirza, M Thamara Pr Perera
BACKGROUND: Causes of severe cholestasis following liver transplantation(LT) are multi-factorial; whilst the aetiology is predictable in some, others culminate in graft/patient loss without a definitive cause identified. Severe cholestasis is usually associated with overlapped histological findings of rejection and biliary features, and diagnostic interpretation may pose a challenge. METHODS: This is 10-year retrospective analysis of patients with unexplained severe cholestasis resulting in death/graft loss within 90-days of LT...
February 20, 2018: Transplantation
Maliha Naseer, Francis E Dailey, Alhareth Al Juboori, Sami Samiullah, Veysel Tahan
Diseases of the liver and biliary tree have been described with significant frequency among patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and its advanced state, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Through a variety of mechanisms, HIV/AIDS has been shown to affect the hepatic parenchyma and biliary tree, leading to liver inflammation and biliary strictures. One of the potential hepatobiliary complications of this viral infection is AIDS cholangiopathy, a syndrome of biliary obstruction and liver damage due to infection-related strictures of the biliary tract...
February 21, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Jianchun Xiao, Peiran Xu, Binglu Li, Tao Hong, Wei Liu, Xiaodong He, Chaoji Zheng, Yupei Zhao
Immunoglobulin (Ig)G4-associated cholangitis (IAC) is one of the common organ manifestations of IgG4-related systemic disease (ISD). IAC and autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) may mimic sclerosing cholangitis, cholangiocarcinoma, or pancreatic carcinoma. Diagnosis is based on a combination of clinical, biochemical, radiological, and histological findings.To study the clinical presentation of and treatment strategy for IAC, we reviewed clinical, serologic, and imaging characteristics, as well as treatment response, in 39 patients with IAC...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Takehiro Noji, Yo Kurashima, Yoshitsugu Nakanishi, Toshimichi Asano, Yuma Ebihara, Toru Nakamura, Soichi Murakami, Takahiro Tsuchikawa, Keisuke Okamura, Toshiaki Shichinohe, Tomoko Mitsuhashi, Satoshi Hirano
Benign biliary strictures have a broad spectrum of etiologies. There have been no reported cases, however, of a biliary stricture secondary to a migrated suture after laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (LDG). Here, we report one such case. The patient was a 60-year-old man who underwent LDG with Roux-en-Y reconstruction for early gastric cancer. Pathology revealed early cancer (T1N0M0) with a curative resection. Two years after LDG, the patient was found to have elevated hepatobiliary enzymes. After further workup, the new diagnosis was invasive cholangiocarcinoma (T2N0M0), and the patient underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy...
February 20, 2018: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
Andrew Y Wang, Patrick S Yachimski
Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) are the mainstays of interventional endoscopic practice. EUS occupies a central role in the diagnosis of pancreatobiliary neoplasms and offers a platform for a wide range of direct tumor therapies. Initial steps have demonstrated the feasibility of such applications in animal models and pilot studies. Larger clinical trials and incorporation of EUS-based therapies into cooperative cancer studies might demonstrate an impact in the clinical prognosis of patients with pancreatic cancer...
February 16, 2018: Gastroenterology
Ana Rita Alves, Dário Gomes, Emanuel Furtado, Luís Tomé
Background and Aims: Biliary tract complications following liver transplant remain an important source of morbidity and mortality. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) has become a common therapeutic option before other invasive procedures. The aim of this study was to evaluate ERCP efficacy in managing this type of complications. Methods: Retrospective study of all patients who underwent therapeutic ERCP due to post-liver transplant biliary complications between September 2005 and September 2015, at a deceased donor liver transplantation centre...
January 2018: GE Portuguese Journal of Gastroenterology
Sundas Hasan, Robert Fearn
We report a case of a previously healthy female patient who initially presented with fever, jaundice and right upper quadrant pain three days after dilatation and stenting of a stricture of the common bile duct (CBD). During an earlier admission, the patient had undergone endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) having presented with fevers and biliary dilatation on ultrasound. The ERCP features were more consistent with Mirizzi's Syndrome. The patient subsequently underwent subtotal cholecystectomy and later developed a CBD stricture, requiring repeat ERCP and stent insertion...
February 15, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Simon Nennstiel, Isolde Tschurtschenthaler, Bruno Neu, Hana Algül, Monther Bajbouj, Roland M Schmid, Stefan von Delius, Andreas Weber
BACKGROUND: Occlusion of self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) in malignant biliary obstruction occurs in up to 40% of patients. This study aimed to compare the different techniques to resolve stent occlusion in our collective of patients. METHODS: Patients with malignant biliary obstruction and occlusion of biliary metal stent at a tertiary referral endoscopic center were retrospectively identified between April 1, 1994 and May 31, 2014. The clinical records were further analyzed regarding the characteristics of patients, malignant strictures, SEMS, management strategies, stent patency, subsequent interventions, survival time and case charges...
February 2018: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
Alberto Tringali, Cesare Hassan, Matteo Rota, Marta Rossi, Massimiliano Mutignani, Lars Aabakken
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2018: Endoscopy
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"