Read by QxMD icon Read

Hepatocellular carcinoma, CT

Jeffrey Gnerre, Yankai Sun, Andrzej Jedynak, Anthony Gilet
Gallbladder varices are a rare form of collateralization that develop in patients with portal hypertension. We present here a case of gallbladder varices accurately diagnosed by contrast enhanced CT imaging of the abdomen and confirmed by Color Doppler Sonography. A 76-year-old patient with hepatocellular carcinoma developed portal vein thrombosis due to tumor extension during the course of treatment and was incidentally discovered to have gallbladder varices. While most commonly asymptomatic, gallbladder varices are associated with increased risk of massive bleeding, either spontaneously or during cholecystectomy...
May 2016: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
Marta Hernández Conde, Elba Llop Herrera, Juan de la Revilla Negro, Fernando Pons Renedo, Natalia Fernández Puga, José Luis Martínez Porras, María Trapero Marugan, Valentín Cuervas-Mons, Víctor Sánchez Turrión, José Luis Calleja Panero
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in patients that have undergone liver transplantation (LT) is 9.7% (SD 4.5). The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence, assess the factors that are associated with PVT and clarify their association with prognosis in patients with liver cirrhosis (LC) and LT. AIMS AND METHODS: From 2005 to 2014, laboratory, radiological and surgical data were collected from patients with LC in our center who had undergone LT for the first time...
October 19, 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Chikara Ogawa, Yasunori Minami, Masahiro Morita, Teruyo Noda, Soichi Arasawa, Masako Izuta, Atsushi Kubo, Toshihiro Matsunaka, Hiroyuki Tamaki, Mitsushige Shibatoge, Masatoshi Kudo
PURPOSE: Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is one of the most effective therapeutic options for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and it is important to protect residual liver function after treatment as well as the effect. To reduce the liver function deterioration, we evaluated the automatic software to predict the embolization area of TACE in 3 dimensions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Automatic prediction software of embolization area was used in chemoembolization of 7 HCCs...
2016: Digestive Diseases
Kyoichi Kihara, Kanenori Endo, Kazunori Suzuki, Seiichi Nakamura, Takashi Sawata, Tetsu Shimizu, Masahide Ikeguchi, Yusuke Tokuyasu, Shu Nakamoto
Port-site metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is extremely rare, and only one case has been reported in the English-language literature. Contamination with malignant cells along the needle tract during percutaneous biopsy or radiofrequency ablation is a well-recognized cause of HCC recurrence. Here, we describe a case of port-site metastasis after laparoscopic liver resection of HCC. The patient, who had undergone laparoscopic partial resection of the left lateral segment of the liver 18 months earlier, was diagnosed with HCC...
October 17, 2016: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
Elise Verger, Pierre Drion, Geneviève Meffre, Claire Bernard, Luc Duwez, Nicolas Lepareur, Olivier Couturier, François Hindré, Roland Hustinx, Franck Lacoeuille
PURPOSE: This work aims to develop, validate and optimize the radiolabeling of Starch-Based Microparticles (SBMP) by 188Re and 68Ga in the form of ready-to-use radiolabeling kits, the ultimate goal being to obtain a unique theranostic vector for the treatment of Hepatocellular Carcinoma. METHODS: Optimal labeling conditions and composition of freeze-dried kits were defined by monitoring the radiochemical purity while varying several parameters. In vitro stability studies were carried out, as well as an in vivo biodistribution as a preliminary approach with the intra-arterial injection of 68Ga radiolabeled SBMP into the hepatic artery of DENA-induced rats followed by PET/CT imaging...
2016: PloS One
Ahmed A Al-Qahtani, Mashael R Al-Anazi, Fahad A Al-Zoghaibi, Ayman A Abdo, Faisal M Sanai, Waleed K Al-Hamoudi, Khalid A Alswat, Hamad I Al-Ashgar, Mohammed Q Khan, Ali Albenmousa, Hanif Khalak, Mohammed N Al-Ahdal
:  Background. The protein encoded by PARK2 gene is a component of the ubiquitin-proteasome system that mediates targeting of proteins for the degradation pathway. Genetic variations at PARK2 gene were linked to various diseases including leprosy, typhoid and cancer. The present study investigated the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the PARK2 gene with the development of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and its progression to severe liver diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 800 subjects, including 400 normal healthy subjects and 400 HCV-infected patients, were analyzed in this study...
November 2016: Annals of Hepatology
Michiro Susa, Kazutaka Kikuta, Robert Nakayama, Kazumasa Nishimoto, Keisuke Horiuchi, Sota Oguro, Masanori Inoue, Hideki Yashiro, Seishi Nakatsuka, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Kazuhiro Chiba, Hideo Morioka
BACKGROUND: Historically, local control of recurrent sarcomas has been limited to radiotherapy when surgical re-resection is not feasible. For metastatic carcinomas to the bone or soft tissue, radiotherapy and some interventional radiology treatment along with other systemic therapies have been widely advocated due to the possibility of disseminated disease. These techniques are effective in alleviating pain and achieving local control for some tumor types, but it has not been effective for prolonged local control of most tumors...
October 13, 2016: BMC Cancer
Marwa K Ibrahim, Hosny Salama, Mohamad Abd El Rahman, Reham M Dawood, Noha G Bader El Din, Heba F Salem, Mohamed E A Abdelrahim, Dalia Omran, Moataza H Omran, Khaled Helmi El-Wakeel, Tawfeek H Abdelhafez, Ahmed Khedr, Mostafa K El Awady
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the leading cause of liver fibrosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). At present, there is no predictive biomarker for the patients at high risk of developing HCC. In this study, we examined the association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 3 innate immunity genes [2'-5'oligoadenylate synthetase 1 (OAS1) rs10774671, interleukin 28B (IL28B) rs12979860, and low molecular mass polypeptide 7 (LMP-7) at codon 49] besides cytomegalovirus (CMV) coinfection and susceptibility to HCC in genotype 4 (GT4) chronically infected Egyptian patients...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
Jungang Hu, Majid Maybody, Guang Cao, Xiao Wang, Hui Chen, Xu Zhu, Renjie Yang, Xiaodong Wang
BACKGROUND: To investigate accuracy of intraprocedural cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) compared to fluoroscopy for detection of lipiodol retention pattern during conventional transarterial chemoembolization (cTACE) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its correlation with short-term response. METHODS: Between September 2013 and July 2014, 29 patients with HCC underwent chemoembolization of 51 tumors (mean diameter 28.1 mm, range 10.0-136.3 mm). Lipiodol retention pattern was assessed by CBCT at the endpoint of cTACE compared by fluoroscopy...
October 3, 2016: Cancer Imaging: the Official Publication of the International Cancer Imaging Society
S B Paul, E Dhamija, S R Gamanagatti, V Sreenivas, D P Yadav, S Jain, Shalimar, S K Acharya
PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) with that of multiphase computed tomography (CT) in the evaluation of tumor response to transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty patients (41 men, 9 women; mean age, 53 years±12.5 [SD]) with a total of 70 HCCs (mean size, 5cm±3 [SD]) were evaluated. Post-TACE therapeutic assessment of HCC was done at 4 weeks. Patients with TACE done earlier and reporting with suspicion for recurrence were also included...
September 27, 2016: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
Mihaela Ignat, Cherif Youssef Akladios, Véronique Lindner, Konstantin Khetchoumian, Marius Teletin, Didier Muttter, Pierre Marc Aprahamian, Jacques Marescaux
BACKGROUND: Genetically induced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) models are generally used to investigate carcinogenesis pathways, but very few attempts were made to valorize them for pharmacological testing. This study describes a micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) - based methodology for the diagnostic and lifelong follow-up of HCC in the hepatocyte-specific Trim24-null mouse line. Myo-inositol trispyrophosphate (ITPP) was tested as anti-cancer drug. METHODS: Partial hepatectomy was performed in 2 months-old Trim24-null mice, in order to accelerate the carcinogenesis process...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
T Q Zhang, Y Y Zhang, Y K Gu, F Gao, Z M Huang, J H Huang
Objective: To explore the preliminary clinical efficacy and safety of multi-electrode synchronous radiofrequency ablation via switching controller for treating large hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: A total of 20 patients with large hepatocellular carcinoma from minimally invasive Interventional department of Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center were enrolled in this retrospective study from December 2013 to December 2014.The procedures were conducted with multi-electrode synchronous radiofrequency ablation via switching controller under CT guidance...
September 20, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Sun Young Yim, Beom Jin Park, Soon Ho Um, Na Yeon Han, Deuk Jae Sung, Sung Bum Cho, Seung Hwa Lee, Min Ju Kim, Jin Yong Jung, Jin Dong Kim, Yeon Seok Seo, Dong Sik Kim, Hyonggin An, Yun Hwan Kim
To compare the diagnostic performance of gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with that of computed tomography (CT) during hepatic arteriography and arterial portography (CT HA/AP) for detecting hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) from small hypervascular nodules.This retrospective study included 38 patients with 131 hypervascular nodules (≤2 cm) who had underwent MRI and CT HA/AP within a 2-week interval. Two observers analyzed MRI while other 2 observers analyzed CT HA/AP. Thereafter, MRI observers reviewed the CT HA/AP and magnetic resonance (MR) images again using both modalities...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Wenjun Wang, Wei Bai, Enxin Wang, Yan Zhao, Lei Liu, Man Yang, Hongwei Cai, Dongdong Xia, Lei Zhang, Jing Niu, Zhanxin Yin, Zhuoli Zhang, Daiming Fan, Jielai Xia, Guohong Han
The mRECIST and dermatologic adverse events (AEs) can be used to assess the patient response to transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) and/or sorafenib for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Here, we aimed to combine the two criteria to stratify the prognosis in patients with unresectable HCC receiving TACE plus sorafenib (TACE-S). In total, 176 consecutive HCC patients treated with TACE-S were enrolled. CT scans and laboratory tests were conducted pretreatment (at baseline, 5-7 days before the TACE-S) and post-treatment (at 1, 2 and 3 months)...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Mariateresa Mirarchi, Emilio De Raffele, Francesco Bacci, Dajana Cuicchi, Ferdinando Lecce, Bruno Cola
: Solitary extramedullary plasmacitomas (SEMP) of the liver are very rare. We report the case of an elderly woman with a huge symptomatic SEMP of the liver mimicking hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The patient was a 89-year-old woman who presented with severe abdominal pain and a huge solid mass in the right hypochondrium. The laboratory data on admission revealed normal liver function tests. A multiphasic computed tomography (CT) showed a huge solid mass of the left hemiliver, hypoattenuating on noncontrast images, dishomogeneously hyperenhancing in the late arterial phase, with washout in the portal venous and equilibrium phases...
2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Fumie Sugihara, Satoru Murata, Tatsuo Ueda, Daisuke Yasui, Hidenori Yamaguchi, Izumi Miki, Chiaki Kawamoto, Eiji Uchida, Shin-Ichiro Kumita
OBJECTIVES: To investigate haemodynamic changes in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and liver under hepatic artery occlusion. METHODS: Thirty-eight HCC nodules in 25 patients were included. Computed tomography (CT) during hepatic arteriography (CTHA) with and without balloon occlusion of the hepatic artery was performed. CT attenuation and enhancement volume of HCC and liver with and without balloon occlusion were measured on CTHA. Influence of balloon position (segmental or subsegmental branch) was evaluated based on differences in HCC-to-liver attenuation ratio (H/L ratio) and enhancement volume of HCC and liver...
September 27, 2016: European Radiology
Gina Kavanaugh, Jason Williams, Andrew Scott Morris, Michael L Nickels, Ronald Walker, Norman Koglin, Andrew W Stephens, M Kay Washington, Sunil K Geevarghese, Qi Liu, Dan Ayers, Yu Shyr, H Charles Manning
PURPOSE: Non-invasive imaging is central to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) diagnosis; however, conventional modalities are limited by smaller tumors and other chronic diseases that are often present in patients with HCC, such as cirrhosis. This pilot study evaluated the feasibility of (4S)-4-(3-[(18)F]fluoropropyl)-L-glutamic acid ([(18)F]FSPG) positron emission tomography (PET)/X-ray computed tomography (CT) to image HCC. [(18)F]FSPG PET/CT was compared to standard-of-care (SOC) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and CT, and [(11)C]acetate PET/CT, commonly used in this setting...
September 27, 2016: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
J K Logan, P C Park, F C Wong, W D Erwin, S Beddar, A O Kaseb, C H Crane, E J Koay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Zhao Wang, Jiaxiang Wang, Qun Wang, Jiachen Wang, Jiaxiang Yuan, Yaqing Si
AIM: MicroRNA (miRNA), functions as gene regulators, plays crucial roles in pathogenesis and prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Genetic variants in miRNA processing genes may affect miRNAs expression and contribute to HCC risk and survival. We hypothesized that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in miRNA processing genes may be associated with HCC susceptibility and prognosis. The study aims to verify whether this hypothesis is right or not. METHODS: We first genotyped the selected three SNPs in miRNA processing genes (RAN rs3803012 A > G, HIWI rs10773771 T > C, and DICER rs1057035 T > C) in 312 HCC patients and 320 cancer-free controls using the TaqMan assay, and evaluated the associations of the three SNPs with HCC risk...
September 27, 2016: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
Sicong Ma, Min Ding, Jiang Li, Tao Wang, Xingxing Qi, Yaoping Shi, Yanan Ming, Jiachang Chi, Zhi Wang, Xiaoyin Tang, Dan Cui, Yuan Zhang, Bo Zhai
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of ultrasound-guided percutaneous microwave ablation (US-guided PMWA) for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with the analysis of prognostic factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The treatment and survival parameters of 433 patients with HCC (≤10 cm), who met the inclusion criteria and had received US-guided PMWA in Renji Hospital from July 2010 to November 2014, were retrospectively analyzed...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"