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Slippery slope

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898084/the-slippery-slope-of-dishonesty
#1
Jan B Engelmann, Ernst Fehr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2016: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896873/identifying-fallacious-arguments-in-a-qualitative-study-of-antipsychotic-prescribing-in-dementia
#2
Parastou Donyai
BACKGROUND: Dementia can result in cognitive, noncognitive and behavioural symptoms which are difficult to manage. Formal guidelines for the care and management of dementia in the UK state that antipsychotics should only be prescribed where fully justified. This is because inappropriate use, particularly problematic in care-home settings, can produce severe side effects including death. The aim of this study was to explore the use of fallacious arguments in professionals' deliberations about antipsychotic prescribing in dementia in care-home settings...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847034/heart-transplantation-on-a-desert-island-self-sacrifice-and-slippery-slopes
#3
Margaret P Battin, Jennifer H Edwards, Roger A Freedman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845485/physician-assisted-suicide-and-clinical-vulnerability-a-slippery-slope
#4
F Monacelli, M Martini, P Odetti, R Ciliberti
AIMS: The Belgian case of a 24 years' woman affected by resistant depression, who obtained the legal right to assisted suicide rehearsed ethical issues. From the famous Chabot case of the Dutch court in 1994, accumulating legal evidence indicates that the unbearable psychiatric suffering may be equate to the physical struggle of end of life patients. The Belgian law has addressed assisted suicide as an option in case of unbearable psychic suffering with no future prospective. DESIGN: It is unlikely that the practice of euthanasia may be mechanistically reduced to the provision of a suicide as alleviating the burden of suffering in depression is a long life commitment; moreover, the principle of patient's self determination and autonomy is highly debatable: the closure to the future, the hopelessness and the suicidal ideation represent per se core features of depression...
September 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833206/non-faith-based-arguments-against-physician-assisted-suicide-and-euthanasia
#5
Daniel P Sulmasy, John M Travaline, Louise A Mitchell, E Wesley Ely
This article is a complement to "A Template for Non-Religious-Based Discussions Against Euthanasia" by Melissa Harintho, Nathaniel Bloodworth, and E. Wesley Ely which appeared in the February 2015 Linacre Quarterly. Herein we build upon Daniel Sulmasy's opening and closing arguments from the 2014 Intelligence Squared debate on legalizing assisted suicide, supplemented by other non-faith-based arguments and thoughts, providing four nontheistic arguments against physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia: (1) "it offends me"; (2) slippery slope; (3) "pain can be alleviated"; (4) physician integrity and patient trust...
August 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775721/the-brain-adapts-to-dishonesty
#6
Neil Garrett, Stephanie C Lazzaro, Dan Ariely, Tali Sharot
Dishonesty is an integral part of our social world, influencing domains ranging from finance and politics to personal relationships. Anecdotally, digressions from a moral code are often described as a series of small breaches that grow over time. Here we provide empirical evidence for a gradual escalation of self-serving dishonesty and reveal a neural mechanism supporting it. Behaviorally, we show that the extent to which participants engage in self-serving dishonesty increases with repetition. Using functional MRI, we show that signal reduction in the amygdala is sensitive to the history of dishonest behavior, consistent with adaptation...
October 24, 2016: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763399/vsed-death-with-dignity-or-without
#7
Mark Corbett
Conceivably, in an ideal world, all patients with a life-limiting illness would receive optimal hospice and palliative care so that no one would ever wish to hasten their own death. The reality, however, is that despite provision of optimal hospice and palliative care, individuals with terminal illness experience suffering, loss of meaning, or deterioration in quality of life to the extent where they express the desire to expedite the dying process. While there has been extensive discussion surrounding physician-assisted death (PAD), there has been less attention paid to the practice of voluntary stopping eating and drinking (VSED) near the end of life...
2016: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646632/prospects-for-clinical-applications-of-polymer-coated-haemoconcentrator-on-extracorporeal-circuit-in-cardiopulmonary-bypass-surgeries
#8
Masashi Tagaya, Shunsuke Takahashi, Morihiro Matsuda, Taiichi Takasaki, Makoto Hamaishi, Kazunobu Hara
PURPOSE: Extracorporeal circulation circuits used in cardiopulmonary bypass surgeries are increasingly being coated with polymer materials to reduce the thrombogenicity of extracorporeal devices. However, a haemoconcentrator, which corrects haematocrit and electrolyte imbalances, is not coated with polymers. In this study, we sought to assess the filtration performance of polymer-coated haemoconcentrators in order to obtain insight into their prospects for use in clinical applications...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581427/value-impregnated-factual-claims-and-slippery-slope-arguments
#9
Gert Helgesson, Niels Lynøe, Niklas Juth
Slippery-slope arguments typically question a course of action by estimating that it will end in misery once the first unfortunate step is taken. Previous studies indicate that estimations of the long-term consequences of certain debated actions, such as legalizing physician-assisted suicide, may be strongly influenced by tacit personal values. In this paper, we suggest that to the extent that slippery-slope arguments rest on estimations of future events, they may be mere rationalizations of personal values...
August 31, 2016: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477356/cliff-dive-or-slippery-slope-trajectories-of-kidney-function%C3%A2-decline-and-implications-for-survival-after-hemodialysis-initiation
#10
EDITORIAL
Hoang Anh Nguyen, Dena E Rifkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470450/integrating-ffrct-into-routine%C3%A2-clinical%C3%A2-practice-a-solid-platform-or%C3%A2-slippery%C3%A2-slope
#11
EDITORIAL
René R Sevag Packard, Ronald P Karlsberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27433330/visual-search-revived-the-slopes-are-not-that-slippery-a-reply-to-kristjansson-2015
#12
Jeremy M Wolfe
Kristjansson (2015) suggests that standard research methods in the study of visual search should be "reconsidered." He reiterates a useful warning against treating reaction time x set size functions as simple metrics that can be used to label search tasks as "serial" or "parallel." However, I argue that he goes too far with a broad attack on the use of slopes in the study of visual search. Used wisely, slopes do provide us with insight into the mechanisms of visual search.
May 2016: I-Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27246545/the-plateau-phase-is-a-slippery-slope-raising-blood-pressure-may-lower-brain-perfusion
#13
Jurgen A H R Claassen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2016: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27219098/multi-fetal-pregnancy-reduction-mfpr-to-twins-or-singleton-medical-justification-and-ethical-slippery-slope
#14
Arie Drugan, Amir Weissman
Multi-fetal pregnancy reduction (MFPR) is an ethically acceptable procedure aimed to increase survival and well-being of the remaining fetuses from high-order multiple gestations. In most cases we offer the procedure to triplets or quadruplets and opt to preserve twins; lately, the option to maintain a single fetus was suggested. We examined the outcomes of 140 pregnancies that underwent MFPR in our center and were followed to delivery - 105 were reduced to twins and 35 to singletons. The rate of procedure-related pregnancy loss was identical (2...
May 24, 2016: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26973583/on-the-prospect-of-an-experimental-account-of-argumentation-commentary-toward-an-experimental-account-of-argumentation-the-case-of-the-slippery-slope-and-the-ad-hominem-arguments
#15
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26957516/slippery-slope-of-triglycerides-they-are-associated-with-risk-but-in-the-statin-era-does-targeting-them-confer-benefit
#16
EDITORIAL
Karol E Watson, Philipp Wiesner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26909575/condensation-on-slippery-asymmetric-bumps
#17
Kyoo-Chul Park, Philseok Kim, Alison Grinthal, Neil He, David Fox, James C Weaver, Joanna Aizenberg
Controlling dropwise condensation is fundamental to water-harvesting systems, desalination, thermal power generation, air conditioning, distillation towers, and numerous other applications. For any of these, it is essential to design surfaces that enable droplets to grow rapidly and to be shed as quickly as possible. However, approaches based on microscale, nanoscale or molecular-scale textures suffer from intrinsic trade-offs that make it difficult to optimize both growth and transport at once. Here we present a conceptually different design approach--based on principles derived from Namib desert beetles, cacti, and pitcher plants--that synergistically combines these aspects of condensation and substantially outperforms other synthetic surfaces...
March 3, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26886759/slippery-slope-arguments-imply-opposition-to-change
#18
Matthew Haigh, Jeffrey S Wood, Andrew J Stewart
Slippery slope arguments (SSAs) of the form if A, then C describe an initial proposal (A) and a predicted, undesirable consequence of this proposal (C) (e.g., "If cannabis is ever legalized, then eventually cocaine will be legalized, too"). Despite SSAs being a common rhetorical device, there has been surprisingly little empirical research into their subjective evaluation and perception. Here, we present evidence that SSAs are interpreted as a form of consequentialist argument, inviting inferences about the speaker's (or writer's) attitudes...
July 2016: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26773799/therapeutics-for-antibody-mediated-rejection-a-slippery-slope-into-confusion
#19
EDITORIAL
R A Montgomery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26618607/a-proximal-hamstring-injury-getting-off-a-slippery-slope
#20
Michael J Barry, William E Palmer, Alex J Petruska
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
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