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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911219/anxiety-mediates-the-relation-between-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-genito-pelvic-pain-in-adolescent-girls
#1
Marie Santerre-Baillargeon, Pascale Vézina-Gagnon, Isabelle Daigneault, Tina Landry, Sophie Bergeron
Previous research has demonstrated associations between child sexual abuse, anxiety and genito-pelvic pain, but no study to date has examined whether sexual abuse may be associated with genito-pelvic pain through victims' elevated anxiety. The present study aimed to determine whether anxiety mediates the relationship between child sexual abuse and genito-pelvic pain. Using self-report questionnaires, data were gathered from 218 sexually active adolescent girls recruited from seven metropolitan high schools...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911074/school-bathroom-access-for-transgender-students
#2
Joellen Kralik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: NCSL Legisbrief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910795/i-did-eat-my-vegetables-agreement-between-parent-and-child-food-intake-diaries
#3
Natalie Rangelov, L Suzanne Suggs, Pedro Marques-Vidal
OBJECTIVE: To assess the level of agreement between children and their parents when reporting a child's food consumption. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study in which children and parents independently completed 7 d food diaries describing the foods and drinks the child consumed at every meal and snack. The association between child and parent reporting was assessed for nineteen food groups using Kendall's tau-b non-parametric correlations, Spearman's rank correlations, kappa coefficients and Lin's concordance measure of agreement...
December 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910267/the-impact-of-patient-characteristics-on-nurse-practitioners-assessment-and-management-of-adolescent-concussion
#4
Janessa M Graves, Tracy A Klein
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of patient sex and type of activity on concussion assessment and management recommendations. METHODS: We administered a web-based survey to all nurse practitioners (NPs) actively licensed in Washington and Oregon. Participants were randomized to view one of four standardized patient scenario videos of an adolescent seeking care for a concussion, portraying the same symptomology but differing by sex and activity (soccer/hiking)...
December 2, 2016: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910103/reliability-and-concurrent-validity-of-a-new-iphone-%C3%A2-goniometric-application-for-measuring-active-wrist-range-of-motion-a-cross-sectional-study-in-asymptomatic-subjects
#5
Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Mehrdad Bahramian, Mohammad Ali Mohseni-Bandpei, Fatemeh Rajabzadeh, Morteza Taghipour
Measurement of wrist range of motion (ROM) is often considered to be an essential component of wrist physical examination. The measurement can be carried out through various instruments such as goniometers and inclinometers. Recent smartphones have been equipped with accelerometers and magnetometers, which, through specific software applications (apps) can be used for goniometric functions. This study, for the first time, aimed to evaluate the reliability and concurrent validity of a new smartphone goniometric app (Goniometer Pro©) for measuring active wrist ROM...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909854/does-everyone-s-motivational-beliefs-about-physical-science-decline-in-secondary-school-heterogeneity-of-adolescents-achievement-motivation-trajectories-in-physics-and-chemistry
#6
Ming-Te Wang, Angela Chow, Jessica Lauren Degol, Jacquelynne Sue Eccles
Students' motivational beliefs about learning physical science are critical for achieving positive educational outcomes. In this study, we incorporated expectancy-value theory to capture the heterogeneity of adolescents' motivational trajectories in physics and chemistry from seventh to twelfth grade and linked these trajectories to science-related outcomes. We used a cross-sequential design based on three different cohorts of adolescents (N = 699; 51.5 % female; 95 % European American; M ages for youngest, middle, and oldest cohorts at the first wave = 13...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909807/german-validation-of-the-bidq-s-questionnaire-on-body-image-disturbance-in-idiopathic-scoliosis
#7
Mark Wetterkamp, Meinald T Thielsch, Georg Gosheger, Patrick Boertz, Jan Henrik Terheyden, Tobias L Schulte
PURPOSE: The Body Image Disturbance Questionnaire-Scoliosis (BIDQ-S) is a seven-item questionnaire inquiring into patients' worries about back shape and associated problems at school, at work, with friends or family, and whether the patients are avoiding certain activities. The aim of this study was to translate the BIDQ-S into German (G-BIDQ-S), test its reliability, and establish its convergent, divergent, concurrent, and discriminant validity. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, 259 patients with idiopathic scoliosis (mean age 30...
December 1, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909557/eating-habits-physical-activity-nutrition-knowledge-and-self-efficacy-by-obesity-status-in-upper-grade-elementary-school-students
#8
Seong Ah Ha, Seo Yeon Lee, Kyung A Kim, Jung Sook Seo, Cheong Min Sohn, Hae Ryun Park, Kyung Won Kim
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity has increased in recent decades in Korea. This study was designed to examine differences in the eating habits, physical activity (PA), nutrition knowledge, and self-efficacy of children by obesity status. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Subjects were 5th-grade children from 70 elementary schools in 17 cities nationwide. Two-stage stratified cluster sampling was employed. Survey questionnaire included items related to general characteristics, eating habits, PA, nutrition knowledge and self-efficacy...
December 2016: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909423/how-do-you-play-a-comparison-among-children-aged-4-10
#9
Elisa Delvecchio, Jian-Bin Li, Chiara Pazzagli, Adriana Lis, Claudia Mazzeschi
Pretend play has a central role for children's development and psychological well-being. However, there is a paucity of standardized and valid measures specifically devoted to assess the core domains involved in play activities in preschool and primary school children. The Affect in Play Scale-Preschool (4-5 years) and the Affect in Play Scale-Preschool Extended Version (6-10 years) are semi-structured parallel tools designed to explore child's cognitive and affective processes using a standardized play task...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909378/perspectives-of-canadian-final-year-physiotherapy-students-on-cardiorespiratory-physiotherapy-as-a-career-choice
#10
Tania Janaudis-Ferreira, Tamara Araujo, Julia Marie Romano, Pat G Camp, Mark Hall, Sunita Mathur, Dina Brooks
Purpose: To investigate the opinions of final-year Canadian physiotherapy students of cardiorespiratory physiotherapy (CRP) and the factors influencing their decision about whether to pursue a career in CRP. Methods: A cross-sectional online survey was completed by final-year Master of Science of Physical Therapy students from three of the largest English-speaking physiotherapy schools in Canada. Results: A total of 120 students responded to the survey (overall response rate was 44%). Fifteen students (12.5%) responded that they were extremely or quite interested in specializing in CRP...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909236/sexual-risk-behaviors-of-african-american-adolescent-females-the-role-of-cognitive-and-religious-factors
#11
Safiya George Dalmida, Natasha Aduloju-Ajijola, Dora Clayton-Jones, Tami L Thomas, Ricardo J Erazo Toscano, Rashunda Lewis, Terri Fleming, Shirley Taylor, Macie Lunyong
INTRODUCTION: African American (AA) high school-age girls are more likely to have had sex before age 13 years and have higher rates of all sexually transmitted infections. Cognition and religion/spirituality are associated with adolescent sexuality, therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify cognitive and religious substrates of AA girls' risky sexual behaviors. METHOD: A descriptive study was conducted with 65 AA girls aged 15 to 20 years using computerized questionnaires and cognitive function tasks...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909033/ethnic-differences-in-the-prevalence-of-knee-pain-among-adults-of-a-community-in-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Yook Chin Chia, Hooi Chin Beh, Chirk Jenn Ng, Cheong Lieng Teng, Nik Sherina Hanafi, Wan Yuen Choo, Siew Mooi Ching
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of knee pain among 3 major ethnic groups in Malaysia. By identifying high-risk groups, preventive measures can be targeted at these populations. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in rural and urban areas in a state in Malaysia. Secondary schools were randomly selected and used as sampling units. PARTICIPANTS: Adults aged ≥18 years old were invited to answer a self-administered questionnaire on pain experienced over the previous 6 months...
December 1, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909024/toward-high-school-biology-helping-middle-school-students-understand-chemical-reactions-and-conservation-of-mass-in-nonliving-and-living-systems
#13
Cari F Herrmann-Abell, Mary Koppal, Jo Ellen Roseman
Modern biology has become increasingly molecular in nature, requiring students to understand basic chemical concepts. Studies show, however, that many students fail to grasp ideas about atom rearrangement and conservation during chemical reactions or the application of these ideas to biological systems. To help provide students with a better foundation, we used research-based design principles and collaborated in the development of a curricular intervention that applies chemistry ideas to living and nonliving contexts...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909011/age-dependent-effects-of-catechol-o-methyltransferase-comt-gene-val158met-polymorphism-on-language-function-in-developing-children
#14
Lisa Sugiura, Tomoko Toyota, Hiroko Matsuba-Kurita, Yoshimi Iwayama, Reiko Mazuka, Takeo Yoshikawa, Hiroko Hagiwara
The genetic basis controlling language development remains elusive. Previous studies of the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val(158)Met genotype and cognition have focused on prefrontally guided executive functions involving dopamine. However, COMT may further influence posterior cortical regions implicated in language perception. We investigated whether COMT influences language ability and cortical language processing involving the posterior language regions in 246 children aged 6-10 years. We assessed language ability using a language test and cortical responses recorded during language processing using a word repetition task and functional near-infrared spectroscopy...
November 30, 2016: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908987/draft-genome-sequences-of-three-clinical-isolates-of-tannerella-forsythia-isolated-from-subgingival-plaque-from-periodontitis-patients-in-the-united-states
#15
Graham P Stafford, Roy R Chaudhuri, Violet Haraszthy, Valentin Friedrich, Christina Schäffer, Angela Ruscitto, Kiyonobu Honma, Ashu Sharma
We report the genome sequences of three clinical isolates of Tannerella forsythia from the subgingival plaque of periodontitis patients attending clinics at the School of Dental Medicine, University at Buffalo. The availability of these genome sequences will aid the understanding of the pathogenesis of periodontitis.
December 1, 2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908972/clustering-of-health-related-behaviors-among-early-and-mid-adolescents-in-tuscany-results-from-a-representative-cross-sectional-study
#16
Giacomo Lazzeri, Donatella Panatto, Alexander Domnich, Lucia Arata, Andrea Pammolli, Rita Simi, Mariano Vincenzo Giacchi, Daniela Amicizia, Roberto Gasparini
BACKGROUND: A huge amount of literature suggests that adolescents' health-related behaviors tend to occur in clusters, and the understanding of such behavioral clustering may have direct implications for the effective tailoring of health-promotion interventions. Despite the usefulness of analyzing clustering, Italian data on this topic are scant. This study aimed to evaluate the clustering patterns of health-related behaviors. METHODS: The present study is based on data from the Health Behaviors in School-aged Children (HBSC) study conducted in Tuscany in 2010, which involved 3291 11-, 13- and 15-year olds...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908638/using-the-acmge-milestones-as-a-handover-tool-from-medical-school-to-surgery-residency
#17
Lauren M Wancata, Helen Morgan, Gurjit Sandhu, Sally Santen, David T Hughes
OBJECTIVE: To map current medical school assessments for graduating students to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) milestones in general surgery, and to pass forward individual performance metrics on level 1 milestones to receiving residency programs. DESIGN: The study included 20 senior medical students who were accepted into surgery internship positions. Data from medical school performance assessments from the third-year surgery clerkship, fourth-year surgery rotations, fourth-year surgery boot camp, Clinical Competency Assessment Examination, and United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 and 2 examinations were used to map each student's competency assessments to the General Surgery Milestones based on a scoring system created and validated by independent assessors...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908460/influence-of-oral-hygiene-and-its-interaction-with-standard-of-education-on-the-risk-of-oral-cancer-in-women-who-neither-smoked-nor-drank-alcohol-a-hospital-based-case-control-study
#18
F Chen, B-C He, L-J Yan, Y Qiu, L-S Lin, L Cai
We know of only limited data about the role of oral hygiene and the risk of oral cancer with different standards of education. The aim of this study was to assess the association between oral hygiene and risk of oral cancer, with stratification by standard of education, in Chinese women. We organised a case-control study with 250 women with oral cancer and 996 age-matched controls in Fujian, China. Data were collected by personal interview using a structured questionnaire. We used unconditional logistic regression with stratification by educational standard to estimate the odds ratios (OR) and 95% CI...
November 28, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908406/trace-element-biomonitoring-in-hair-of-school-children-from-a-polluted-area-by-sector-field-inductively-coupled-plasma-mass-spectrometry
#19
Evgenii J Drobyshev, Nikolay D Solovyev, Natalya B Ivanenko, Maria Yu Kombarova, Alexander A Ganeev
In the current study, a biomonitoring of 18 hair trace elements (Al, As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mg, Mn, Ni, Pb, Se, V, Zn, Ca, Na and P) in school children from Leningradskaya Oblast' is reported. A case group, residing in a proximity to the toxic waste disposal grounds (Krasniy Bor), has been assessed vs. controls from a non-urban settlement Seltso. In total, 166 hair samples were analysed using double focusing sector field inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry after microwave-assisted sample digestion with nitric acid...
January 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907981/use-of-social-media-in-education-among-medical-students-in-saudi-arabia
#20
Anas Khaleel Alsuraihi, Ahmed Saeed Almaqati, Sultan Adnan Abughanim, Nisreen Abdulrahman Jastaniah
PURPOSE: Social media (SM), a virtual place where people can share, exchange, and communicate their ideas and knowledge, has become the new trend in communication and learning. This study aims to explore Saudi Arabian medical students' usage of SM and to discover the most common resources used in medical education. Furthermore, it aims to illustrate students' belief about the influence of SM on their learning. METHODS: This cross-sectional study administered validated questionnaires to medical students from different universities in Saudi Arabia, via emails, Twitter, Facebook, and short message service...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Medical Education
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