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Laser skin resurfacing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918772/energy-based-facial-rejuvenation-advances-in-diagnosis-and-treatment
#1
Christopher J Britt, Benjamin Marcus
Importance: The market for nonsurgical, energy-based facial rejuvenation techniques has increased exponentially since lasers were first used for skin rejuvenation in 1983. Advances in this area have led to a wide range of products that require the modern facial plastic surgeon to have a large repertoire of knowledge. Objective: To serve as a guide for current trends in the development of technology, applications, and outcomes of laser and laser-related technology over the past 5 years...
December 1, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885520/the-effect-of-pre-operative-topical-anaesthetic-cream-on-the-ablative-width-and-coagulative-depth-of-ablative-fractional-resurfacing-laser
#2
Preawphan Punyaratabandhu, Rungsima Wanitphakdeedecha, Penvadee Pattanaprichakul, Panitta Sitthinamsuwan, Weeranut Phothong, Sasima Eimpunth, Visnu Lohsiriwat, Woraphong Manuskiatti
Topical anaesthetic cream (TAC) is commonly used as a pre-treatment of ablative fractional resurfacing (AFR) laser. Most of anaesthetic cream contains distilled water as major component. Therefore, pre-operative TAC may interfere the photothermal reaction in the skin treated with fractional carbon-dioxide (FCO2) laser and fractional erbium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet (FEr:YAG) laser. The objective of the study was to compare the ablative width (AW) and coagulative depth (CD) of AFR laser with and without pre-treatment with TAC...
November 24, 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762652/polydeoxyribonucleotide-improves-wound-healing-of-fractional-laser-resurfacing-in-rat-model
#3
Mi Yu, Jun Young Lee
BACKGROUND: Polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN) is an active compound that can promote wound healing. PDRN stimulates wound healing by enhancing angiogenesis and increasing fibroblast growth rates. Laser skin resurfacing is a popular cosmetic procedure for skin rejuvenation. Despite excellent improvement of photo-damaged skin and acne scarring, it is accompanied with drawbacks, such as prolonged erythema and crusting. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to assess the effect of PDRN on wounds induced by fractional laser resurfacing...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727108/problems-and-complications-of-full-face-carbon-dioxide-laser-resurfacing-for-pathological-lesions-of-the-skin
#4
Andrew M Read-Fuller, David M Yates, David D Vu, John E Hoopman, Richard A Finn
OBJECTIVE: Facial resurfacing with a CO2 laser has been used for treatment of pathologic lesions and for cosmetic purposes. Postoperative complications and problems after laser resurfacing include infections, acneiform lesions, and pigment changes. This retrospective study describes the most common problems and complications in 105 patients and assesses postoperative pain in 38 patients. STUDY DESIGN: All patients received CO2 laser resurfacing for treatment of malignant/premalignant lesions and had postoperative follow-up to assess problems and complications...
August 23, 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605303/fractional-resurfacing-in-the-asian-patient-current-state-of-the-art
#5
Heidi Wat, Douglas C Wu, Henry Hin Lee Chan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Fractionated photothermolysis (FP) has revolutionized modern laser technology. By creating selective columns of microthermal damage, fractionated devices allows for greater treatment depths to be achieved without the prolonged downtime and risk of complications seen in traditional fully ablative laser resurfacing. Fractional resurfacing is a proven method to treat a variety of cutaneous conditions. In the Caucasian patient, a wide range of devices and treatment settings can be utilized safely and effectively...
September 8, 2016: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537528/facial-rejuvenation-40th-anniversary-review
#6
Christopher B Zachary
For decades, devices and peels have been used for facial rejuvenation and the treatment of skin damage. In recent years, new laser systems have been developed, including fractionated ablative and non-ablative lasers which, while not as effective as the traditional laser resurfacing, can provide nice results with reduced side effects. While fractionated hybrid systems, picosecond lasers, and daylight photodynamic therapy have all been rolled out for clinicians to assess their efficacy, future technology, including TRASER (total reflection amplification of spontaneous emission of radiation) technology, should be just around the corner...
June 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510285/fractional-carbon-dioxide-laser-versus-low-dose-uva-1-phototherapy-for-treatment-of-localized-scleroderma-%C3%A2-a-clinical-and-immunohistochemical-randomized-controlled-study
#7
S M Shalaby, M Bosseila, M M Fawzy, D M Abdel Halim, S S Sayed, R S H M Allam
Morphea is a rare fibrosing skin disorder that occurs as a result of abnormal homogenized collagen synthesis. Fractional ablative laser resurfacing has been used effectively in scar treatment via abnormal collagen degradation and induction of healthy collagen synthesis. Therefore, fractional ablative laser can provide an effective modality in treatment of morphea. The study aimed at evaluating the efficacy of fractional carbon dioxide laser as a new modality for the treatment of localized scleroderma and to compare its results with the well-established method of UVA-1 phototherapy...
November 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478423/noninvasive-facial-rejuvenation-part-3-physician-directed-lasers-chemical-peels-and-other-noninvasive-modalities
#8
REVIEW
Jesse D Meaike, Nikhil Agrawal, Daniel Chang, Edward I Lee, Marjory G Nigro
A proper knowledge of noninvasive facial rejuvenation is integral to the practice of a cosmetic surgeon. Noninvasive facial rejuvenation can be divided into patient- versus physician-directed modalities. Patient-directed facial rejuvenation combines the use of facial products such as sunscreen, moisturizers, retinoids, α-hydroxy acids, and various antioxidants to both maintain youthful skin and rejuvenate damaged skin. Physicians may recommend and often prescribe certain products, but patients are in control with this type of facial rejuvenation...
August 2016: Seminars in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478422/noninvasive-facial-rejuvenation-part-2-physician-directed-neuromodulators-and-fillers
#9
REVIEW
Ryan M Dickey, Matthew R Louis, Joshua A Cox, Kriti Mohan, Edward I Lee, Marjory G Nigro
A proper knowledge of noninvasive facial rejuvenation is integral to the practice of a cosmetic surgeon. Noninvasive facial rejuvenation can be divided into patient- versus physician-directed modalities. Patient-directed facial rejuvenation combines the use of facial products such as sunscreen, moisturizers, retinoids, α-hydroxy acids, and various antioxidants to both maintain youthful skin as well as rejuvenate damaged skin. Physicians may recommend and often prescribe certain products, but patients are in control with this type of facial rejuvenation...
August 2016: Seminars in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478421/noninvasive-facial-rejuvenation-part-1-patient-directed
#10
REVIEW
Sarah Jane Commander, Daniel Chang, Abdulla Fakhro, Marjory G Nigro, Edward I Lee
A proper knowledge of noninvasive facial rejuvenation is integral to the practice of a cosmetic surgeon. Noninvasive facial rejuvenation can be divided into patient- versus physician-directed modalities. Patient-directed facial rejuvenation combines the use of facial products such as sunscreen, moisturizers, retinoids, α-hydroxy acids, and various antioxidants to both maintain youthful skin and rejuvenate damaged skin. Physicians may recommend and often prescribe certain products, but the patients are in control of this type of facial rejuvenation...
August 2016: Seminars in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27412287/improving-the-outcome-of-fractional-co2-laser-resurfacing-using-a-probiotic-skin-cream-preliminary-clinical-evaluation
#11
Giovanni Zoccali, Benedetta Cinque, Cristina La Torre, Francesca Lombardi, Paola Palumbo, Lucia Romano, Antonella Mattei, Gino Orsini, Maria Grazia Cifone, Maurizio Giuliani
As known, fractional CO2 resurfacing treatments are more effective than non-ablative ones against aging signs, but post-operative redness and swelling prolong the overall downtime requiring up to steroid administration in order to reduce these local systems. In the last years, an increasing interest has been focused on the possible use of probiotics for treating inflammatory and allergic conditions suggesting that they can exert profound beneficial effects on skin homeostasis. In this work, the Authors report their experience on fractional CO2 laser resurfacing and provide the results of a new post-operative topical treatment with an experimental cream containing probiotic-derived active principles potentially able to modulate the inflammatory reaction associated to laser-treatment...
November 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27399940/the-role-of-elastic-fibers-in-scar-formation-and-treatment
#12
Brandon E Cohen, Roy G Geronemus, David H McDaniel, Jeremy A Brauer
BACKGROUND: Laser therapy is a continuously evolving treatment option for scars, and the underlying therapeutic mechanisms continue to be elucidated. OBJECTIVE: To comprehensively review the literature to summarize the role of elastin in the formation scars, as well as treatment via therapeutic lasers. METHODS: Review of the PubMED/MEDLINE database for available studies pertaining to the role of elastic fibers in scar formation and after laser-based therapy...
July 8, 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27398012/surgical-outcome-in-patients-taking-concomitant-or-recent-intake-of-oral-isotretinoin-a-multicentric-study-iso-aims-study
#13
Omprakash Heggadahalli Mahadevappa, Venkataram Mysore, Vishalakshi Viswanath, Salim Thurakkal, Imran Majid, Suresh Talwar, Sanjeev J Aurangabadkar, Manas Chatterjee, M Ramesh Bhat, Shyamanta Barua, Anil Ganjoo
BACKGROUND: The current standard recommendation is to avoid surgical interventions in patients taking oral isotretinoin. However, this recommendation has been questioned in several recent publications. AIM: To document the safety of cosmetic and surgical interventions, among patients receiving or recently received oral isotretinoin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Association of Cutaneous Surgeons, India, in May 2012, initiated this study, at 11 centers in different parts of India...
April 2016: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388906/novel-use-of-non-ablative-fractional-photothermolysis-for-caf%C3%A3-au-lait-macules-in-darker-skin-types
#14
Brundha Balaraman, Parisa Ravanfar-Jordan, Paul M Friedman
IMPORTANCE: The removal of café-au-lait macules (CALMs) in patients with darker skin phototypes poses a significant challenge due to limited available therapeutic options and increased risk of adverse effects, including permanent scarring and further dyspigmentation. Herein, we demonstrate the novel use of non-ablative fractional photothermolysis for the safe removal of CALMs in individuals with Fitzpatrick skin type (FST) IV-V. OBSERVATIONS: Retrospective analysis of four patients (FST IV-V) with CALMs revealed that three of these patients had greater than 50% clearance after multiple treatment sessions with the non-ablative fractional 1,550-nm erbium-doped fiber laser...
July 8, 2016: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375183/plum-blossom-needling-promoted-ppix-fluorescence-intensity-from-5-aminolevulinic-acid-in-porcine-skin-model-and-patients-with-actnic-keratosis
#15
Jia Chen, Yunfeng Zhang, Peiru Wang, Bo Wang, Guolong Zhang, Xiuli Wang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Plum-blossom needling might enhance transdermal penetration of topically applied drugs by creating vertical channels. The purpose of this study was to evaluate drug delivery assisted by plum-blossom needling comparing with CO2 laser ablative fractional resurfacing (AFR) using 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA), a porphyrin precursor, as a test drug. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ex vivo porcine skin was treated with plum-blossom needle(HWATO, Suzhou medical supplies factory Co...
September 2016: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27337267/combined-fractional-resurfacing-10600-nm-1540-nm-tridimensional-imaging-evaluation-of-a-new-device-for-skin-rejuvenation
#16
Paolo Mezzana, Maurizio Valeriani, Roberto Valeriani
In this study were described the results, by tridimensional imaging evaluation, of the new "Combined Fractional Resurfacing" technique with the first fractional laser that overtakes the limits of traditional ablative, nonablative fractional resurfacing by combining CO2 ablative and GaAs nonablative lasers. These two wavelengths can work separately or in a mixed modality to give the best treatment choice to all the patients. In this study, it is demonstrated that the simultaneous combination of the CO2 wavelength (10600 nm) and GaAs wavelength (1540 nm) reduced the downtime, reduced pain during the treatment, and produced better results on fine wrinkles reduction and almost the same results on pigmentation as seen with 3D analysis by Antera (Miravex)...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27335599/efficiency-of-carbon-dioxide-fractional-laser-in-skin-resurfacing
#17
Andrej Petrov
AIM: The aim of the study was to confirm the efficiency and safety of the fractional CO2 laser in skin renewal and to check the possibility of having a synergistic effect in patients who besides carbon dioxide laser are treated with PRP (platelet-rich plasma) too. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The first group (Examined Group 1 or EG1) included 107 patients treated with fractional CO2 laser (Lutronic eCO2) as mono-therapy. The second group (Control Group or CG) covered 100 patients treated with neither laser nor plasma in the same period but subjected to local therapy with drugs or other physio-procedures under the existing protocols for treatment of certain diseases...
June 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27244076/ablative-fractional-laser-resurfacing-a-promising-adjunct-to-surgical-reconstruction
#18
David Griffin, Megan Brelsford, Eamon O'Reilly, Sean P Stroup, Peter Shumaker
Ablative fractional laser resurfacing (AFLR) is emerging as a safe and effective treatment option for the mitigation of cosmetic and functional deficits resulting from traumatic scars and scar contractures. Military centers of excellence engaged in the multidisciplinary rehabilitation of wounded warriors have been instrumental in the widening acceptance of the technique in both the military and civilian realms. Despite the end of large-scale combat operations, AFLR remains a promising complement to surgical reconstruction and a novel option in challenging clinical situations that defy resolution with traditional methods...
June 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27217790/photoaging-and-the-clinical-utility-of-fractional-laser
#19
REVIEW
Juliano Borges, Mônica Manela-Azulay, Tullia Cuzzi
The description of atomic structure by Niels Bohr set the basis for the emergence of quantum physics. Based on these fundamentals, Einstein published in 1917 a paper on the amplification of energy by Stimulated Emission of Radiation as part of his quantum theories. In 1955, Townes and Gordon turned Einstein's theories into practice, creating a coherent and amplified microwave device using ammonia gas in an optical medium. But it was at the beginning of the 1980s, that Anderson and Parrish published an article about the selective photothermolysis model which revolutionized clinical practice...
2016: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27194644/ablative-non-sequential-fractional-ultrapulsed-co2-laser-pretreatment-improves-conventional-photodynamic-therapy-with-methyl-aminolevulinate-in-a-novel-human-in-vitro-3d-actinic-keratosis-skin-model
#20
Sebastian Huth, Yvonne Marquardt, Philipp M Amann, Martin Leverkus, Laura Huth, Jens M Baron, Peter A Gerber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2016: Experimental Dermatology
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