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Alveolar cleft

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457596/evaluation-of-osteoinductive-calcium-phosphate-ceramics-repairing-alveolar-cleft-defects-in-dog-model
#1
Jinfeng Yao, Haodong Chen, Qi Gao, Zhigang Liang
BACKGROUND: Alveolar cleft repair is an important step in the sequence of treatments for cleft lip and palate. Intrinsically osteoinductive materials have been the subject of research interest. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the use of osteoinductive biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) ceramics to repair alveolar cleft defects in dogs. METHODS: We prepared two kinds of BCP ceramic with different physical characteristics: osteoinductive BCP (OBCP) and non-osteoinductive BCP (NBCP)...
2018: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437516/ideal-versus-late-secondary-alveolar-bone-graft-surgery-a-bone-thickness-cone-beam-computed-tomographic-assessment
#2
Michele Alves Garcia, Marilia Yatabe, Thais Ustulin Fuzer, Adriana Maria Calvo, Ivy Kiemle Trindade-Suedam
OBJECTIVE: To compare the bone morphology after secondary alveolar bone graft surgery (SABG) performed before and after permanent canine eruption. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Hospital for Rehabilitation of Craniofacial Anomalies, University of São Paulo, Bauru, SP, Brazil. PATIENTS: 25 cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans of complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (CLP) individuals who underwent SABG before or after eruption of the permanent canine taken 2 and 6 months (T1 and T2) after SAGB, resulting in 50 CBCT scans...
March 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436566/effectiveness-of-presurgical-nasoalveolar-molding-therapy-on-unilateral-cleft-lip-nasal-deformity
#3
Nao Kinouchi, Shinya Horiuchi, Akihiro Yasue, Yuko Kuroda, Nobuhiko Kawai, Keiichiro Watanabe, Takashi Izawa, Ichiro Hashimoto, Ali H Hassan, Eiji Tanaka
To evaluate the effectiveness of pre-surgical nasoalveolar molding (PNAM) in patients with unilateral cleft lip nasal deformities. Methods: This was a retrospective study involving 29 patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate defects, of whom 13 were treated with palatal devices with nasal stents (PNAM group) and 16 were treated with palatal devices without nasal stents or surgical tapes (control group). Submental oblique photographs and orthodontic models were longitudinally obtained at the initial visit (T1) and immediately before (T2) and  after cheiloplasty (T3)...
February 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407507/bone-anchored-maxillary-protraction-in-a-patient-with-complete-cleft-lip-and-palate-a-case-report
#4
Daniela Garib, Marília Yatabe, Renato André de Souza Faco, Leonardo Gregório, Lucia Cevidanes, Hugo de Clerck
Sagittal maxillary deficiency is frequently observed in patients with operated unilateral complete cleft of the lip and palate. Treatment for moderate to severe Class III malocclusion usually relies on LeFort I surgery for maxillary advancement after the end of growth. This case report describes bone-anchored maxillary protraction in a 10-year-old white boy with unilateral complete cleft of the lip and palate. His interarch relationship was diagnosed as GOSLON index 5 before treatment with a negative overjet of 3...
February 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384973/patient-and-parent-reported-outcome-measures-in-cleft-lip-and-palate-patients-before-and-after-secondary-alveolar-bone-grafting
#5
Chun-Shin Chang, Christopher Glenn Wallace, Yen-Chang Hsiao, Ting-Chen Lu, Sue-Huei Chen, Fuan-Chiang Chan, Philip Kuo-Ting Chen, Jyh-Ping Chen, Chee-Jen Chang, M Samuel Noordhoff
European and Northern American healthcare authorities increasingly encourage the use of Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) that complement clinical and laboratory assessments to help holistically evaluate reconstructive outcomes. This is the first study to evaluate PROMs in cleft lip/palate patients who have, or have not, undergone secondary alveolar bone grafting (SABG).A PROMs study was conducted; 40 consecutive consenting cleft lip/palate children between 8 and 14 years old were included. Twenty patients did, and 20 patients did not, have SABG...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384701/evaluation-of-alveolar-bone-support-around-incisors-in-patients-with-unilateral-cleft-lip-alveolus-and-palate-in-late-mixed-dentition-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#6
Yingdan Pan, Yunting Zeng, Zeyu Zhang, Yiqin Liu, Yi Jing, Liwei Xiao
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate alveolar bone support around cleft-adjacent maxillary central incisors (U1) in patients with unilateral cleft lip, alveolus and palate (UCLAP) in the late mixed dentition and to investigate the correlation between the alveolar bone thickness (ABT) and tooth inclination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cone beam computed tomography scans of 45 subjects with UCLAP (29 boys, 16 girls; mean age = 10.74 ± 1.08 years) were assessed. The distance between the cementoenamel junction (CEJ) and alveolar bone crest (AC), and the ABTs at 3 mm, 6 mm, and the apex were measured on the labial, lingual and distal surfaces of U1...
January 31, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381641/effects-of-nasoalveolar-molding-therapy-on-alveolar-and-palatal-cleft-deformities-in-unilateral-and-bilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate
#7
Belma Isik Aslan, Ayşe Gülşen, Kemal Findikçioğlu, Deniz Uzuner, Neslihan Üçüncü
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of nasoalveolar molding (NAM) therapy in the improvement of alveolar and palatal cleft deformity on unilateral (UCLP) versus bilateral (BCLP) cleft lip and palate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 19 UCLP (14 boys and 5 girls) and 8 BCLP (7 boys and 1 girl) infants completed NAM therapy were included in this study. Standardized parameters of cleft width of alveol and palate were measured on photocopies taken from the pre- and post-treatment plaster casts...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351042/secondary-alveolar-bone-grafting-in-patients-born-with-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-a-20-year-follow-up
#8
Fatemeh Jabbari, Laila Wiklander, Erika Reiser, Andreas Thor, Malin Hakelius, Daniel Nowinski
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors of oral health important for the final outcome, after secondary alveolar bone grafting in patients born with unilateral cleft lip and palate and compare occlusal radiographs with cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in assessment of alveolar bone height. DESIGN: Observational follow-up study. SETTING: Cleft Lip and Palate Team, Craniofacial Center, Uppsala University Hospital, Sweden. PATIENTS: 40 nonsyndromic, Caucasian patients with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate...
February 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351041/a-new-technique-in-alveolar-cleft-bone-grafting-for-dental-implant-placement-in-patients-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#9
Vo Van Nhan, Le Van Son, Ta Anh Tuan, Nguyen Tai Son, Trinh Dinh Hai, Le Duc Lanh, Nguyen Manh Ha, Lam Dai Phong
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate 2 iliac corticocancellous-block grafting techniques for dental implant placement in residual alveolar clefts. DESIGN: Nonrandomized prospective clinical trial between March 2010 and December 2014. SETTING: National Hospital of Odonto-Stomatology, Hanoi, Vietnam. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-two patients (23 female, 9 male; mean age, 21.28 years; range, 16-31 years) with unilateral complete alveolar cleft after reconstructive surgery for cleft lip and palate (CLP)...
February 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303120/management-of-cleft-lip-and-palate-in-nigeria-a-survey
#10
V Akinmoladun, S Ademola, A Olusanya
BACKGROUND: Clefts of the lip and/or palate are the most common congenital craniofacial defects and second only to club foot among all congenital anomalies. The management of this condition is resource intensive due to the multidimensional needs. This survey was carried out to ascertain the current state of cleft management in Nigeria with emphasis on training, scope of management, and assessment of treatment outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Structured questionnaires were administered to cleft surgeons based on professional and practitioners' register and the result of literature search for cleft surgeons whose names may not appear in the registers...
November 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274638/bone-regeneration-using-composite-non-demineralized-xenogenic-dentin-with-beta-tricalcium-phosphate-in-experimental-alveolar-cleft-repair-in-a-rabbit-model
#11
Mohammad Kamal, Lars Andersson, Rene Tolba, Adel Al-Asfour, Alexander K Bartella, Felix Gremse, Stefanie Rosenhain, Frank Hölzle, Peter Kessler, Bernd Lethaus
BACKGROUND: Alveolar cleft repair is performed via bone grafting procedure to restore the dental arch continuity. A suitable bone substitute materials should possess osteoinductive and osteoconductive properties, to promote new bone formation, along with a slowly resorbable scaffold that is subsequently replaced with functionally viable bone. Calcium phosphate biomaterials have long proved their efficacy as bone replacement materials. Dentin in several forms has also demonstrated its possibility to be used as bone graft replacement material in several studies...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239924/a-novel-method-to-calculate-the-volume-of-alveolar-cleft-defect-before-surgery
#12
Guo C Chen, Min Sun, Ning B Yin, Hai D Li
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate a novel subtractive method for the precise calculation of alveolar cleft defect volume before surgery using the three-dimensional imaging software Mimics. METHODS: Ten patients (3 female, 7 male, age range 8-12 years) with unilateral alveolar cleft were enrolled in the study. Preoperative helical computed tomography scans were performed for all patients. A new subtractive method was introduced to precisely calculate the alveolar cleft defect volume before surgery with the aid of Mimics...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215438/mucosal-dehiscence-after-alveolar-bone-graft-in-cleft
#13
Giulia Amodeo, Domenico Scopelliti
Cleft lip and palate patient represent a challenging experience for the surgeon. This kind of patients had to be followed by a multidisciplinary team from the beginning to the end to avoid the deformation sequelae. During the several surgical procedures, the bone graft represents a possible procedure that, through the new procedure, could be avoided. Unfortunately, patient treated following the previous procedure must be submitted to alveolar bone graft to coordinate the arch, to restore the maxillary integrity, to allow the correct dentition...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194721/initial-experiences-with-nam-assisted-primary-repair-of-the-bclp-deformity
#14
Sabarinath Prasad, Sreeja Ravindran, Vasanth Radhakrishnan, P V Hazarey, Amit Vanka, Bhavya Rajan
BACKGROUND: Primary surgical repair of the bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP) deformity is challenging. Infant Orthopedic (IO) procedures are often used to assist surgical reconstruction of normal anatomy. Nasoalveolar molding (NAM) is a presurgical infant orthopedic procedure that attempts to reduce the cleft nasal deformity, in addition to the lip and alveolus, leading to an esthetic primary surgical repair. OBJECTIVE: NAM provides the surgical team with a better foundation for an easier and more esthetic single stage repair at the level of nose in addition to the lip and alveolus...
December 1, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194267/evaluating-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-in-the-treatment-of-alveolar-cleft-with-iliac-bone-graft-by-means-of-volumetric-analysis
#15
Nesrin Saruhan, Umit Ertas
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of platelet-rich fibrin usage in the treatment of alveolar cleft with iliac bone graft by means of volumetric analysis. In this study, 22 patients with alveolar clefts-including 13 unilateral and 9 bilateral-were treated with anterior iliac crest bone grafts. Patients were divided into 2 groups as control (group A) and platelet-rich fibrin (group B) groups. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans were obtained preoperatively and 6 months postoperatively...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175511/speech-evaluation-after-intravelar-veloplasty-how-to-use-borel-maisonny-classification-in-the-international-literature
#16
Natacha Kadlub, Cecile Chapuis Vandenbogaerde, Aline Joly, Cecilia Neiva, Marie-Paule Vazquez, Arnaud Picard
OBJECTIVE: Comparing functional outcomes after velar repair apparead to be difficult because of the absence of intenational standardized scale. Moreover most of the studies evalutating speech after cleft surgery presents multiple biais. The aim of our study was to assess speech outcomes in an homogeneous group of patients, and to define an equivalence table between different speech scales. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with isolated cleft lip and palate (CLP), operated in our unit by the same senior surgeon were included...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167708/tooth-abnormalities-in-individuals-with-unilateral-alveolar-clefts-a-comparison-between-sides-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#17
Bruno-Torres Bezerra, John-Nadson-Andrade Pinho, Luiz-Carlos-Ferreira da Silva
Background: Tooth abnormalities are most often present in individuals with oral clefts than general population, and lead to a long-term impact on facial anatomy and self-esteem. The purpose of this study was to compare the proportion of dental anomalies between the cleft side and non-cleft side in individuals with non-syndromic unilateral alveolar clefts (AC). Material and Methods: Twenty cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans were converted into three-dimensional (3D) virtual models...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135724/alignment-strategy-for-constricted-maxillary-dental-arch-in-patients-with-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-using-fixed-orthodontic-appliance
#18
Yoon-Hee Park, Sumin Park, Seung-Hak Baek
The purpose of this study was to compare the alignment pattern of the constricted maxillary dental arch by fixed orthodontic treatment (FOT) in the well-aligned and constricted arches of unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) patients. 19 UCLP patients were divided into Group 1 (well-aligned arch, n = 9) and Group 2 (constricted arch, n = 10). After the cephalometric and maxillary dental arch variables before (T1) and after FOT (T2) were measured, statistical analysis was performed. There were no significant differences in the surgical timing of cheiloplasty, palatoplasty, and secondary alveolar bone grafting and in the surgical method of cheiloplasty between the 2 groups...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109841/mandibular-reconstruction-with-lateral-tibial-bone-graft-an-excellent-option-for-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#19
Ana Lucia Carpi Miceli, Livia Costa Pereira, Thiago da Silva Torres, Mônica Diuana Calasans-Maia, Rafael Seabra Louro
Autogenous bone grafts are the gold standard for reconstruction of atrophic jaws, pseudoarthroses, alveolar clefts, orthognathic surgery, mandibular discontinuity, and augmentation of sinus maxillary. Bone graft can be harvested from iliac bone, calvarium, tibial bone, rib, and intraoral bone. Proximal tibia is a common donor site with few reported problems compared with other sites. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of proximal tibia as a donor area for maxillofacial reconstructions, focusing on quantifying the volume of cancellous graft harvested by a lateral approach and to assess the complications of this technique...
December 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098246/-clinical-effect-of-modified-alveolar-cleft-repair-with-bone-grafting
#20
Ye Wu, Fu-Ping Xie, Huan-Huan Liu, Niu Gang, Jia-Min Chen, Li-Song Lin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical effect of improved alveolar cleft repair with bone grafting. METHODS: Forty one cases with alveolar cleft treated by modified operation between 2008-2016 were included. The modified techniques were as follow: incision design, preparation of bone graft bed, bone removal and bone grafting, etc. The therapeutic effect was analyzed. RESULTS: The successful rate was 92.8%. After 6-12 months of follow-up, bone graft survived well with no obvious complications...
June 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
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