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Retrobulbar hematoma

Mariana Flores-Pimentel, Alejandra G de Alba Campomanes
A premature infant born at 31 weeks' gestational age was evaluated for periocular laceration and retrobulbar hematoma secondary to injury during a percutaneous fetal procedure. He later developed optic nerve atrophy.
January 31, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Brian Christie, Lisa Block, Yue Ma, Alexandra Wick, Ahmed Afifi
INTRODUCTION: Retrobulbar hematoma (RBH), a rare but serious condition, can result in permanent vision loss. Although it is a known complication following trauma or facial fracture reduction, sinus surgery, or blepharoplasty, factors related to patient outcomes are not well-defined. A systematic review was performed to determine the relation of patient/treatment factors to outcomes. METHODS: Articles retrieved from a PubMed search (1989-2017) were reviewed. Demographic information, etiology, symptoms, and final vision outcomes were analyzed using Fisher's exact tests, single and multiple predictor logistic regression...
February 2018: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Sarah A Roberto, Joseph Bayes, Paul E Karner, Michael G Morley, Karen C Nanji
Massachusetts state agencies received reports of 37 adverse events (AEs) involving cataract surgery from 2011 to 2015. Fifteen were anesthesia related, including 5 wrong eye blocks, 3 cases of hemodynamic instability, 2 retrobulbar hematoma/hemorrhages, and 5 globe perforations resulting in permanent loss of vision. While Massachusetts' reported AEs likely underrepresent the true number of AEs that occur during cataract surgery, they do offer useful signal data to indicate the types of patient harm occurring during these procedures...
May 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Franck Jolivet, Armelle Diquélou, Catherine Trumel, Simon Privat, Olivier Dossin
BACKGROUND: Among coagulation disorders, primary fibrinogen deficiency is very rare in dogs. It is divided into hypofibrinogenemia, afibrinogenemia and dysfibrinogenemia. Afibrinogenemia has been described in three dogs. There are, however, no published case reports of primary hypofibrinogenemia in dogs. CASE PRESENTATION: A 1.5 year-old male German Pointer dog was evaluated for a locked-jaw syndrome associated with eye protrusion which appeared after a minor head trauma...
June 19, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
Jonathan Ribeiro, João Paulo Bonardi, Leonardo de Freitas Silva, Guto Fidalgo, Fabrizio Albieri, Nicolas Homsi, Hernando Valentim da Rocha-Júnior, Eduardo Hochuli-Vieira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Scott J Farber, Jenny L Yu, Dennis C Nguyen, Albert S Woo
PURPOSE: Retrobulbar hematoma is an uncommon but potentially devastating complication following repair of orbital fractures. Since 2007, the senior author routinely fenestrates the solid porous polyethylene implants commonly used for orbital reconstruction. The perforated implant may facilitate drainage of postoperative bleeding and may potentially reduce the risk of retrobulbar hematoma. This study examines the rates of retrobulbar hematoma in patients who underwent orbital fracture reconstruction with placement of fenestrated or nonfenestrated implants...
January 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Matthew Shew, Michael P Carlisle, Guanning Nina Lu, Clinton Humphrey, J David Kriet
Orbital fractures are a common result of facial trauma. Sequelae and indications for repair include enophthalmos and/or diplopia from extraocular muscle entrapment. Alloplastic implant placement with careful release of periorbital fat and extraocular muscles can effectively restore extraocular movements, orbital integrity, and anatomic volume. However, rare but devastating complications such as retrobulbar hematoma (RBH) can occur after repair, which pose a risk of permanent vision loss if not addressed emergently...
November 2016: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
Jordan V Chervenkoff, Saul N Rajak, Dinesh Selva, Garry Davis
This case report discusses the case of a 23-year-old male patient who experienced retrobulbar pain, diplopia, proptosis, and mild lower eyelid bruising after consuming 3,4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine. The symptoms settled over 10 days and vision returned to normal without intervention. The authors discuss the differential diagnosis relevant to the presenting complaints and propose several mechanisms linking 3,4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine use to spontaneous nontraumatic intraorbital hematoma.
July 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Joel M Fahling, L Kendall McKenzie
BACKGROUND: The oculocardiac reflex is a decrease in heart rate caused by ocular compression or traction upon the extraocular musculature. Multiple instances of this phenomenon have been described in anesthesia, trauma, craniofacial, and ophthalmology literature, but there is a sparsity of documentation in the emergency medicine literature. CASE REPORT: We describe the observation and management of the oculocardiac reflex in a 26-year-old man with retrobulbar hematoma and intraocular trauma caused by a self-inflicted gunshot wound...
April 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Sabri T Shuker
This article aims to bring attention to the morbidity and fatality of hemorrhage, how expanding hematoma and air compromise neck/face N/F injuries and present challenges. Large neck vessel ballistic injuries may lead to hemorrhage and expanding hematoma, resulting in airway compromise, due to injuries to the internal and/or external carotid arteries, internal jugular veins "internal carotid artery, external carotid artery, internal jugular vein," and the external carotid artery deep branches. This also leads to injuries to the cervical fascial layers (barriers of deep spaces) that facilitate pooling blood and hematoma into compartmental and large potential space which effects the pharynx, larynx, esophagus, and trachea...
July 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Claire M Loughran, Anthea L Raisis, Griet Haitjema, Zigrida Chester
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical findings and management of a case of retrobulbar hematoma formation secondary to performance of a maxillary nerve block in a dog. CASE SUMMARY: An 11-year-old dog was presented for a routine dental procedure including dental extraction to be performed under general anesthesia. After premedication with intramuscular methadone, anesthesia was induced with intravenous alfaxalone until depth of anesthesia was sufficient to allow orotracheal intubation...
November 2016: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Ho Seong Shin, Se Young Kim, Han Gyu Cha, Ba Leun Han, Seung Min Nam
BACKGROUND: Limitation in performing restoration of orbital structures is the narrow, deep, and dark surgical field, which makes it difficult to view the operative site directly. To avoid perioperative complications from this limitation, the authors have evaluated the usefulness of computer-assisted navigation techniques in surgical treatment of blowout fracture. METHODS: Total 37 patients (14 medial orbital wall fractures and 23 inferior orbital wall fractures) with facial deformities had surgical treatment under the guide of navigation system between September 2012 and January 2015...
March 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Dennis C Nguyen, Farooq Shahzad, Alison Snyder-Warwick, Kamlesh B Patel, Albert S Woo
We evaluate the safety and efficacy of the transcaruncular approach for reconstruction of medial orbital wall fractures and the combined transcaruncular-transconjunctival approach for reconstruction of large orbital defects involving the medial wall and floor. A retrospective review of the clinical and radiographic data of patients who underwent either a transcaruncular or a combined transcaruncular-transconjunctival approach by a single surgeon for orbital fractures between June 2007 and June 2013 was undertaken...
March 2016: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
A R Kolodziej, N Rajagopala, M Guglin
Spontaneous retrobulbar hemorrhage is a rare phenomenon observed after surgery not directly involving the orbit. When it occurs, presentation is usually obvious, and it carries high morbidity unless emergent and timely surgical treatment is instituted. There are only a handful of cases associated with cardiac surgery, and to our knowledge no cases with heart transplantation. We present a case of a 35-year-old woman who underwent orthotopic heart transplantation for peripartum cardiomyopathy and developed spontaneous retrobulbar hemorrhage...
November 2015: Transplantation Proceedings
Maria Lazaridou, Eleni Bourlidou, Konstantinos Kontos, Doxa Mangoudi
Posttraumatic carotid-cavernous fistula is a very rare complication that can occur in patients with craniomaxillofacial trauma. Symptoms involve headache, diplopia, ptosis of the upper lid, conjunctival chemosis, pulsating exophthalmos, and ophthalmoplegia. Diagnosis can be challenging because various pathologic entities can present with similar symptoms such as superior orbital fissure syndrome, orbital apex syndrome, retrobulbar hematoma, and cavernous sinus syndrome. However, accurate and early diagnosis is of utmost importance because treatment delay may lead to blindness or permanent neurologic deficits...
September 2015: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
Cheol Woo Park, Jeong Yeol Yang, Kyung Min Son, Ji Seon Cheon
BACKGROUND: Retrobulbar hemorrhage is a rare complication of midface injury, blepharoplasty, facial fracture surgery, periorbital surgery, and circumbulbar anesthesia. The incidence of postoperative retrobulbar hemorrhage is 0.3% to 4% after the reduction of facial bone fracture. The purpose of this study was to estimate the postoperative bleeding after the reduction of a blowout fracture and to demonstrate the effectiveness of a negative-pressure drainage system with a scalp vein set tube...
May 2015: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Danny K C Wong, Angus Shao, Raewyn Campbell, Richard Douglas
In endoscopic sinus surgery, the anterior ethmoidal artery (AEA) is usually identified as it traverses obliquely across the fovea ethmoidalis, posterior to the bulla ethmoidalis and anterior to or within the ground lamella's attachment to the skull base. Injury to the AEA may result in hemorrhage, retraction of the AEA into the orbit, and a retrobulbar hematoma. The resulting increase in intraorbital pressure may threaten vision. Waardenburg's syndrome (WS) is a rare congenital, autosomal dominantly inherited disorder, distinguished by characteristic facial features, pigmentation abnormalities, and profound, congenital, sensorineural hearing loss...
January 2014: Allergy & Rhinology
Tatyana E Fontenot, John M Carter, Paul Friedlander
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2014: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
D G Lee
The retrobulbar hematoma is a rare complication after orbital surgery. Despite of its rareness, the retrobulbar hematoma may be disastrous to the patient's vision (Chen et al. in J Craniofac Surg 20:963--967, 2009). Since 2007, I have applied the combined use of a scalp vein set and a vacuumed blood sampling bottle in all of the orbital surgeries. In my study, I achieved a good result, and I will introduce this simple method as one of alternatives for the prevention from the postoperative intraorbital hematoma including the retrobulbar hematoma...
January 2014: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Kun Hwang, Joo Ho Kim, Young Hye Kang
We experienced and report on a case of retrobulbar hematoma caused by bleeding from the orbital branch of the infraorbital artery after a medial orbital wall reconstruction.A healthy 28-year-old man struck his left eye while playing baseball before admission. A computed tomographic scan revealed an approximately 13 × 12-mm-sized fracture of the left orbit medial wall. The medial orbit wall was reconstructed through a subciliary approach on the 18th day after the injury. Approximately 15 hours after the orbit wall reconstruction, the patient complained of pain in the left orbital area, headache, and vomiting...
March 2014: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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