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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806382/orbital-cellulitis-following-orbital-blow-out-fracture
#1
Je Yeon Byeon, Hwan Jun Choi
Orbital cellulitis and abscess have been described in the literature as complication that usually occur secondary to infection in the maxillary, ethmoidal, and frontal sinuses. If left untreated, it can lead to blindness, cavernous sinus thrombosis, meningitis, or cerebral abscess. Orbital fractures are a common sequela of blunt orbital trauma, but are only rarely associated with orbital cellulitis. So, the authors present rare orbital cellulitis after orbital blow-out fracture. A 55-year-old Asian complains of severe orbital swelling and pain on the left side...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803736/an-aggressive-and-fatal-craniofacial-group-a-streptococcus-infection-resulting-from-a-minimally-displaced-orbital-floor-fracture
#2
R M Uhrich, M Sherban, C Valdez
While sharp, penetrating trauma is often associated with group A Streptococcus (GAS) infections and subsequent necrotizing fasciitis (NF) and streptococcal toxic shock syndrome (STSS), there are scant reports in the oral and maxillofacial surgery literature regarding blunt, non-penetrating trauma in association with these conditions. With a clinical course that initially appears relatively benign following blunt trauma, NF can progress swiftly through the fascial planes and may quickly become life-threatening if the oral and maxillofacial surgeon fails to recognize some of the critical pathognomonic signs...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797015/pediatric-orbital-blowout-fractures
#3
Stella Y Chung, Paul D Langer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current study reviews the recent literature on pediatric orbital blowout fractures and provides guidelines on their management. RECENT FINDINGS: The most common problem among patients requiring surgical revision of a previously repaired orbital floor fracture is an improperly placed orbital floor implant, usually erroneously placed under the posterior bony ledge. Although the transconjunctival incision can be combined with a lateral canthotomy and cantholysis, excellent surgical exposure can be obtained without the need for these latter relaxing maneuvers...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771029/methane-seepage-on-mars-where-to-look-and-why
#4
Dorothy Z Oehler, Giuseppe Etiope
Methane on Mars is a topic of special interest because of its potential association with microbial life. The variable detections of methane by the Curiosity rover, orbiters, and terrestrial telescopes, coupled with methane's short lifetime in the martian atmosphere, may imply an active gas source in the planet's subsurface, with migration and surface emission processes similar to those known on Earth as "gas seepage." Here, we review the variety of subsurface processes that could result in methane seepage on Mars...
August 3, 2017: Astrobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757696/can-pneumocephalus-present-as-flashes-of-light-a-rare-case-report
#5
Santanu Ghosh, Menon P Jayasree, Mathew Biju, Basu Snehanshu
Orbital emphysema and associated pneumocephalus usually result from trauma to orbital bones or due to sinus disease, allowing air to travel from paranasal sinus into orbit and brain. However, it is extremely rare to have orbital emphysema and pneumocephalus in the absence of orbital wall fracture. In our case, a young male was admitted with severe eye pain, diminution of vision due to sudden exposure of compressed air gun. Examination revealed proptosed, emphysematous right eye with conjunctival laceration...
May 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751950/orbital-compartment-syndrome-despite-significant-traumatic-expansion-of-the-orbital-cavity
#6
Deepak Gupta, Bijan Beigi
Periorbital injury can present with various permutations of bone trauma, soft-tissue edema, and hematomas that might involve proptosis and restricted motility. We report a case of a 32-year-old patient who sustained a traumatic orbital compartment syndrome simultaneously with a large, significantly displaced, orbital-floor blow-out fracture. Clinical signs consistent with both conditions were elicited. The initial management was as for orbital compartment syndrome. The clinical diagnosis was confirmed with computed tomographic imaging...
September 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751949/an-alternative-route-for-entrapped-inferior-orbital-nerve-in-orbital-floor-fracture
#7
Anantheswar Y N Rao, Joyce Jesudas
Orbital floor fractures pose a grave threat for injury to the infraorbital nerve, resulting in the patient suffering from a disturbing paraesthesia. It is challenging for the operating surgeon to release and secure the entrapped nerve with reconstruction of the orbital floor. We present an interesting case of orbital floor fracture with entrapped infraorbital nerve, wherein we have decompressed the nerve and provided it, a new course.
September 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751941/did-king-philip-ii-of-ancient-macedonia-suffer-a-zygomatico-orbital-fracture-a-maxillofacial-surgeon-s-approach
#8
Panagiotis Stathopoulos
Philip II, father of Alexander the Great, succeeded his brother, Perdiccas III, to the throne of Macedonia in 360 BC. He has been described by historians as a generous king and military genius who managed to achieve his ambitious plans by expanding the Macedonian city-state over the whole Greek territory and the greater part of the Balkan Peninsula. The aim of our study was to present the evidence with regard to the facial injury of King Philip II of Macedonia and discuss the treatment of the wound by his famous physician, Critobulos...
September 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746906/prototyping-for-the-treatment-of-late-zygomatic-orbital-fracture-a-case-report
#9
Amanda Lúcio do Ó Silva, Isabella Jardelino Dias, Rafael Grotta Grempel, Hécio Henrique Araújo de Morais, Nadja Maria da Silva Oliveira Brito, Daliana Queiroga de Castro Gomes
INTRODUCTION: Zygomatic-orbital complex fractures are the most common facial traumas that can result in severe esthetic and functional sequelae. Surgical correction of these fractures is a delicate approach and prototyping is an excellent tool to facilitate this procedure. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 27-year-old man, a motorcycle accident victim, was hospitalized in the intensive care unit for 30days. After this period, facial fractures were treated surgically, leaving sequelae such as enophthalmos, dystopia and loss of projection of the zygomatic arch...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743694/impact-of-surgical-timing-of-postoperative-ocular-motility-in-orbital-blowout-fractures
#10
Yukito Yamanaka, Akihide Watanabe, Chie Sotozono, Shigeru Kinoshita
PURPOSE: To investigate the surgical timing postinjury in regard to ocular motility in patients with orbital-floor blowout fractures. METHODS: This study involved 197 eyes (92 right eyes and 105 left eyes) of 197 patients (154 males and 43 females, mean age: 29.0 years, range: 7-85 years) with pure orbital blowout fractures. All patients underwent surgical repair within 30 days postinjury and were followed up for 3 months or more postoperative (mean follow-up period: 8...
July 25, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735636/severe-distortion-of-an-orbital-titanium-mesh-implant-after-recurrent-facial-trauma-a-potential-threat-to-the-orbital-contents
#11
J M Foletti, P Scolozzi
Titanium mesh implants have proved their effectiveness in the reconstruction of fractures of the orbital wall, and their compromise between stiffness and elasticity allows for optimal support of the orbital contents. However, after recurrent orbital trauma, these implants (even when properly positioned) can become a potential "penetrating object" that threatens the critical adjacent anatomical structures. We report the case of a patient with recurrent facial trauma whose orbit had previously been reconstructed with a titanium implant, and which resulted in severe deformation...
July 20, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734704/massive-pneumomediastinum-following-orbital-fracture
#12
Gianfranco Cervellin, Carlotta Bellini, Sara Tarasconi, Paolo Bresciani, Giuseppe Lippi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718704/a-study-of-sports-related-orbital-fractures-in-singapore
#13
Jing Zhan Lock, Raghuraj Hegde, Stephanie Young, Thiam Chye Lim, Shantha Amrith, Gangadhara Sundar
With an increased popularity of sport and active living worldwide, our study aims to explore the incidence and features of sports-related orbital fractures in Singapore. 1421 computer tomography (CT) imaging scans of the face and orbits done at the National University Hospital over a 24-month period from January 2013 and December 2014 were reviewed retrospectively for orbital fractures. We identified 483 orbital fractures of which sports injury was the fourth most common etiology (n = 65; 13.5%) after road traffic accident (n = 131; 27...
July 18, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704114/orbital-floor-fracture-with-entrapment-imaging-and-clinical-correlations-in-45-cases
#14
Nora Silverman, Jordan Spindle, Sunny X Tang, Andrew Wu, Bryan K Hong, John W Shore, Sara Wester, Flora Levin, Michael Connor, Benjamin Burt, Tanuj Nakra, Todd Shepler, Eric Hink, Tarek El-Sawy, Roman Shinder
Orbital floor fractures (OFF) with entrapment require prompt clinical and radiographic recognition for timely surgical correction. Correct CT radiographic interpretation of entrapped fractures can be subtle and thus missed. We reviewed the clinical, radiographic and intraoperative findings of 45 cases of entrapped OFF to correlate pre- and intraoperative findings with radiography. Retrospective review and statistical analysis of 45 patients with OFF using the chi squared and Kruskal-Wallis tests. Main outcome measures included patient demographics, clinical features, radiologic interpretation, intraoperative findings, and treatment outcomes...
July 13, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694536/orbital-fractures-treated-in-auckland-from-2010-2015-review-of-patient-outcomes
#15
Lanit Anand, Christopher Sealey
AIM: The purpose of this study was to review patient outcomes from surgical reconstruction of isolated orbital fractures, performed by the Auckland District Health Board (ADHB) Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery service (OMFS), from 2010 to 2015. In particular, we wished to assess titanium as an orbital reconstructive material and compare outcomes with the international literature. METHOD: Hospital records for 103 adults (>18 years old) who underwent repair of isolated orbital fractures by the OMFS department at Middlemore Hospital, between 2010 and 2015, were reviewed...
July 7, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663775/a-single-center-review-of-palatal-fractures-etiology-patterns-concomitant-injuries-and-management
#16
Ian C Hoppe, Jordan N Halsey, Frank S Ciminello, Edward S Lee, Mark S Granick
Introduction: Palatal fractures are frequently associated with facial trauma and Le Fort fractures. The complex anatomy of the midfacial skeleton makes diagnosing and treating these injuries a challenge. The goal of this study was to report our experience with the presentation, concomitant injuries, and management of palatal fractures at a level I trauma center in an urban environment. Methods: Data were collected for all palatal fractures diagnosed between January 2000 and December 2012 at the University Hospital in Newark, NJ...
2017: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662312/accuracy-of-computed-tomography-imaging-criteria-in-the-diagnosis-of-adult-open-globe-injuries-by-neuroradiology-and-ophthalmology
#17
Eric L Crowell, Vivek A Koduri, Emilio P Supsupin, Robert E Klinglesmith, Alice Z Chuang, Gene Kim, Laura A Baker, Robert M Feldman, Lauren S Blieden
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of computed tomography (CT) diagnosis of open globes; determine which imaging factors are most predictive of open globe injuries; and evaluate the agreement between neuroradiologist and ophthalmologist readers for diagnosis of open and closed globes. METHODS: This study was a retrospective cohort study. Patients who presented to Memorial Hermann-Texas Medical Center with suspicion for open globes were reviewed...
June 29, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649630/towards-human-exploration-of-space-the-theseus-review-series-on-muscle-and-bone-research-priorities
#18
Thomas Lang, Jack J W A Van Loon, Susan Bloomfield, Laurence Vico, Angele Chopard, Joern Rittweger, Antonios Kyparos, Dieter Blottner, Ilkka Vuori, Rupert Gerzer, Peter R Cavanagh
Without effective countermeasures, the musculoskeletal system is altered by the microgravity environment of long-duration spaceflight, resulting in atrophy of bone and muscle tissue, as well as in deficits in the function of cartilage, tendons, and vertebral disks. While inflight countermeasures implemented on the International Space Station have evidenced reduction of bone and muscle loss on low-Earth orbit missions of several months in length, important knowledge gaps must be addressed in order to develop effective strategies for managing human musculoskeletal health on exploration class missions well beyond Earth orbit...
2017: NPJ Microgravity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642192/applications-of-3d-orbital-computer-assisted-surgery-cas
#19
P Scolozzi
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the present report is to describe the indications for use of 3D orbital computer-assisted surgery (CAS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed the clinical and radiological data of all patients with orbital deformities treated using intra-operative navigation and CAD/CAM techniques at the Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève, Switzerland, between 2009 and 2016. We recorded age and gender, orbital deformity, technical and surgical procedure and postoperative complications...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617897/recreational-activity-and-facial-trauma-among-older-adults
#20
Andrea Plawecki, Michael Bobian, Aron Kandinov, Peter F Svider, Adam J Folbe, Jean Anderson Eloy, Michael Carron
Importance: As the US population ages, public health agencies have released guidelines encouraging aerobic activity and muscle-strengthening exercises among older individuals. Facial trauma from such activities among elderly individuals has long been underappreciated. Objectives: To evaluate the incidence of recreational activity-associated facial fractures among older adults and to further delineate injury characteristics including demographics, fracture location, and specific activities...
June 15, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
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