keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Chronic kidney disease and lung cancer

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252527/soluble-cd163-predicts-incident-chronic-lung-kidney-and-liver-disease-in-hiv-infection
#1
Ditte M Kirkegaard-Klitbo, Niels Mejer, Troels B Knudsen, Holger J Møller, Søren K Moestrup, Susanne D Nielsen, Gitte Kronborg, Thomas Benfield
OBJECTIVE: To examine if monocyte and macrophage activity may be on the mechanistic pathway to non-AIDS comorbidity by investigating the associations between plasma soluble CD163 (sCD163) and incident non-AIDS comorbidities in well-treated HIV-infected individuals. DESIGN: Prospective single-center cohort study. METHODS: Plasma sCD163 was quantified by ELISA technique at study entry in 2004/05 and non-AIDS comorbidity was identified by International Classification of Disease Tenth revision (ICD-10) diagnosis codes and registry linkage in 2014/2015...
March 1, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240526/expression-changes-of-apoptotic-genes-in-tissues-from-mice-exposed-to-nicotine
#2
Cyrus Jalili, Mohammad Reza Salahshoor, Mohammad Taher Moradi, Maryam Ahookhash, Mehdi Taghadosi, Maryam Sohrabi
Objective: Smoking is the leading preventable cause of various diseases such as lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and cardiovascular disease. Nicotine, one of the major toxic components of tobacco, contributes to the pathogenesis of different diseases. Methods: Given the controversy about nicotine toxicity, the present study was conducted to determine apoptotic effects of nicotine on the heart, kidney, lung and liver of male mice. Real-time PCR was performed to identify mRNA expression changes in apoptotic-related genes between nicotine treated and control mice...
January 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223235/interleukin-32-inflammation-and-cancer
#3
REVIEW
Jin Tae Hong, Dong Ju Son, Chong Kil Lee, Do-Young Yoon, Dong Hun Lee, Mi Hee Park
Interleukin-32 (IL-32) is a novel cytokine involved in inflammation and cancer development. IL-32 gene consists of eight small exons, and IL-32 mRNA has nine alternative spliced isoforms, and was thought to be secreted because it contains an internal signal sequence and lacks a transmembrane region. IL-32 is initially expressed selectively in activated T cells by mitogen and activated NK cells and their expression is strongly augmented by microbes, mitogens, and other cytokines. The IL-32 is induced mainly by pathogens and pro-inflammatory cytokines, but IL-32 is more prominent in immune cells than in non-immune tissues...
February 14, 2017: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207203/is-chronic-kidney-disease-an-adverse-factor-in-lung-cancer-clinical-outcome-a-propensity-score-matching-study
#4
Ming-Shian Lu, Miao-Fen Chen, Chien-Chao Lin, Yuan-Hsi Tseng, Yao-Kuang Huang, Hui-Ping Liu, Ying-Huang Tsai
BACKGROUND: Comorbidity has a great impact on lung cancer survival. Renal function status may affect treatment decisions and drug toxicity. The survival outcome in lung cancer patients with coexisting chronic kidney disease (CKD) has not been fully evaluated. We hypothesized that CKD is an independent risk factor for mortality in patients with lung cancer. METHODS: A retrospective, propensity-matched study of 434 patients diagnosed between June 2004 and May 2012 was conducted...
March 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123593/epidemiology-of-cancer-in-end-stage-renal-disease-dialysis-patients-a-national-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#5
Chih-Chiang Chien, Ming-Ming Han, Yu-Hsien Chiu, Jhi-Joung Wang, Chin-Chen Chu, Chien-Ya Hung, Yih-Min Sun, Nai-Cheng Yeh, Chung-Han Ho, Chih-Ching Lin, Hao-Yun Kao, Shih-Feng Weng
The incidence and mortality of site-specific cancers in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on maintenance dialysis have been rarely studied for Asian populations. We tapped Taiwan`s National Health Insurance Research Database to identify and recruit patients starting maintenance dialysis between 1999 and 2004. They were followed from initiation of dialysis until death, discontinuation of dialysis, or the end of 2008. We calculated the survival rate and mortality risk of dialysis patients with cancer...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094484/a-simplified-screening-tool-to-identify-seriously-ill-patients-in-the-emergency-department-for-referral-to-a-palliative-care-team
#6
Paolo Cotogni, Anna DE Luca, Andrea Evangelista, Claudia Filippini, Renata Gili, Antonio Scarmozzino, Giovannino Ciccone, Luca Brazzi
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to evaluate the feasibility of an Emergency Department (ED)-initiated screening to identify seriously ill patients in need of palliative care (PC) and to develop a simplified screening tool (SST). METHODS: Eligible patients with known diagnosis of chronic heart, lung, liver, and kidney failures, progressive neurological diseases or advanced cancer, awaiting to be hospitalized after an ED-visit, were assessed with the screening tool from the Italian Society Anaesthesia Analgesia Resuscitation Intensive Care (SIAARTI)...
January 17, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056852/non-dialysis-dependent-chronic-kidney-disease-is-associated-with-high-total-and-out-of-pocket-healthcare-expenditures
#7
Christina Small, Holly J Kramer, Karen A Griffin, Kavitha Vellanki, David J Leehey, Vinod K Bansal, Talar W Markossian
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have documented the high costs of non-dialysis dependent chronic kidney disease (CKD) but out-of-pocket healthcare expenditures remain poorly explored. This study described total direct and out-of-pocket expenditures for adults with non-dialysis dependent CKD and compared expenditures with those for cancer or stroke. METHODS: This study used data from the 2011-2013 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, a national survey of healthcare expenditures in the U...
January 5, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039288/how-long-do-patients-with-chronic-disease-expect-to-live-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#8
Barnaby Hole, Joseph Salem
OBJECTIVE: To systematically identify and summarise the literature on perceived life expectancy among individuals with non-cancer chronic disease. SETTING: Published and grey literature up to and including September 2016 where adults with non-cancer chronic disease were asked to estimate their own life expectancy. PARTICIPANTS: From 6837 screened titles, 9 articles were identified that met prespecified criteria for inclusion. Studies came from the UK, Netherlands and USA...
December 29, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028458/risk-of-lung-cancer-in-patients-with-gastro-esophageal-reflux-disease-a-population-based-cohort-study
#9
Chi-Kuei Hsu, Chih-Cheng Lai, Kun Wang, Likwang Chen
This large-scale, controlled cohort study estimated the risks of lung cancer in patients with gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) in Taiwan. We conducted this population-based study using data from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan during the period from 1997 to 2010. Patients with GERD were diagnosed using endoscopy, and controls were matched to patients with GERD at a ratio of 1:4. We identified 15,412 patients with GERD and 60,957 controls. Compared with the controls, the patients with GERD had higher rates of osteoporosis, diabetes mellitus, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pneumonia, bronchiectasis, depression, anxiety, hypertension, dyslipidemia, chronic liver disease, congestive heart failure, atrial fibrillation, stroke, chronic kidney disease, and coronary artery disease (all P < ...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933671/causal-inference-in-obesity-research
#10
REVIEW
P W Franks, N Atabaki-Pasdar
Obesity is a risk factor for a plethora of severe morbidities and premature death. Most supporting evidence comes from observational studies that are prone to chance, bias and confounding. Even data on the protective effects of weight loss from randomized controlled trials will be susceptible to confounding and bias if treatment assignment cannot be masked, which is usually the case with lifestyle and surgical interventions. Thus, whilst obesity is widely considered the major modifiable risk factor for many chronic diseases, its causes and consequences are often difficult to determine...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835923/reactive-oxygen-species-nitric-oxide-mediated-inter-organ-communication-in-skeletal-muscle-wasting-diseases
#11
Lucia M Leitner, Rebecca J Wilson, Zhen Yan, Axel Gödecke
SIGNIFICANCE: Cachexia is defined as a complex metabolic syndrome that is associated with underlying illness and a loss of muscle with or without loss of fat mass. This disease is associated with a high incidence with chronic diseases such as heart failure, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), among others. Since there is currently no effective treatment available, cachectic patients have a poor prognosis. Elucidation of the underlying mechanisms is, therefore, an important medical task...
January 4, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771930/cddo-and-its-role-in-chronic-diseases
#12
Bryan J Mathis, Taixing Cui
There has been a continued interest in translational research focused on both natural products and manipulation of functional groups on these compounds to create novel derivatives with higher desired activities. Oleanolic acid, a component of traditional Chinese medicine used in hepatitis therapy, was modified by chemical processes to form 2-cyano-3,12-dioxoolean-1,9-dien-28-oic acid (CDDO). This modification increased anti-inflammatory activity significantly and additional functional groups on the CDDO backbone have shown promise in treating conditions ranging from kidney disease to obesity to diabetes...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423906/the-epidemiology-and-clinical-spectrum-of-melioidosis-in-a-teaching-hospital-in-a-north-eastern-state-of-malaysia-a-fifteen-year-review
#13
AbdelRahman Zueter, Chan Yean Yean, Mahmoud Abumarzouq, Zaidah Abdul Rahman, Zakuan Z Deris, Azian Harun
BACKGROUND: Over the last two decades, many epidemiological studies were performed to describe risks and clinical presentations of melioidosis in endemic countries. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 158 confirmed cases of melioidosis collected from medical records from 2001 to 2015 in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia, in order to update the current status of melioidosis clinical epidemiology in this putatively high risk region of the country...
July 16, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27355220/-the-offer-of-medical-diagnostic-self-tests-on-german-language-websites-results-of-a-systematic-internet-search
#14
P Kuecuekbalaban, S Schmidt, H Muehlan
Aim of the study: The aim of the current study was to provide an overview of medical-diagnostic self-tests which can be purchased without a medical prescription on German language websites. Method: From September 2014 to March 2015, a systematic internet research was conducted with the following search terms: self-test, self-diagnosis, home test, home diagnosis, quick test, rapid test. Results: 513 different self-tests for the diagnostics of 52 diverse diseases or health risks were identified, including chronic diseases (e...
June 29, 2016: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350012/mortality-of-lead-smelter-workers-a-follow-up-study-with-exposure-assessment
#15
Stephen J Bertke, Everett J Lehman, Steven J Wurzelbacher, Misty J Hein
BACKGROUND: Lead exposure has been linked to impaired renal function and kidney failure. High lead exposures have been associated with increased mortality from certain cancers, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). METHODS: We extended vital status follow-up on a cohort of 1,990 lead smelter workers by 25 years and computed standardized mortality ratios and rate ratios (RR) stratified by cumulative lead exposure. RESULTS: The update added 13,823 person-years at risk and 721 deaths...
June 28, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27239422/cachexia-research-in-japan-facts-and-numbers-on-prevalence-incidence-and-clinical-impact
#16
EDITORIAL
Masaaki Konishi, Junichi Ishida, Jochen Springer, Stefan D Anker, Stephan von Haehling
Even though most clinical data on cachexia have been reported from Western countries, cachexia may be a growing problem in Asia as well, as the population in this area of the world is considerably larger. Considering the current definitions of obesity and sarcopenia in Japan, which are different from the ones in Western countries, the lack of a distinct cachexia definition in Japan is strinking. Only one epidemiological study has reported the prevalence of cachexia using weight loss as part of the definition in patients with stage III or IV non-small cell lung cancer...
December 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27229869/chronic-condition-clusters-and-functional-impairment-in-older-cancer-survivors-a-population-based-study
#17
Kelly M Kenzik, Erin E Kent, Michelle Y Martin, Smita Bhatia, Maria Pisu
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to identify chronic condition clusters at pre- and post-cancer diagnosis, evaluate predictors of developing clusters post-cancer, and examine the impact on functional impairment among older cancer survivors. METHODS: We identified 5991 survivors age 65 and older of prostate, breast, colorectal, lung, bladder, kidney, head and neck, and gynecologic cancer and non-Hodgkin lymphoma from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results-Medicare Health Outcomes Survey resource...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27133951/is-preoperative-anemia-a-risk-factor-for-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma-following-radical-nephroureterectomy
#18
Hsin-Chih Yeh, Tsu-Ming Chien, Wen-Jeng Wu, Ching-Chia Li, Wei-Ming Li, Hung-Lung Ke, Yii-Her Chou, Chii-Jye Wang, Shu-Pin Huang, Chien-Feng Li, Peir-In Liang, Chun-Nung Huang
PURPOSE: We aimed to identify the effect of preoperative anemia on oncologic outcomes in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) who had different levels of renal function. METHODS: Between 2000 and 2013, we enrolled 370 patients who underwent radical nephroureterectomy for nonmetastatic UTUC. Preoperative anemia was defined as hemoglobin <130g/l in men and <120g/l in women based on the World Health Organization classification. Kaplan-Meier method was applied to estimate the effect anemia on survival, and hazard ratios (HR) of anemia and other clinicopathological parameters were evaluated by Cox regression model...
August 2016: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27118687/smoking-and-adverse-outcomes-in-patients-with-ckd-the-study-of-heart-and-renal-protection-sharp
#19
Natalie Staplin, Richard Haynes, William G Herrington, Christina Reith, Alan Cass, Bengt Fellström, Lixin Jiang, Bertram L Kasiske, Vera Krane, Adeera Levin, Robert Walker, Christoph Wanner, David C Wheeler, Martin J Landray, Colin Baigent, Jonathan Emberson
BACKGROUND: The absolute and relative importance of smoking to vascular and nonvascular outcomes in people with chronic kidney disease (CKD), as well its relevance to kidney disease progression, is uncertain. STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 9,270 participants with CKD enrolled in SHARP. PREDICTOR: Baseline smoking status (current, former, and never). OUTCOMES: Vascular events, site-specific cancer, ESRD, rate of change in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and cause-specific mortality...
September 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27092943/association-of-kidney-disease-measures-with-cause-specific-mortality-the-korean-heart-study
#20
Yejin Mok, Kunihiro Matsushita, Yingying Sang, Shoshana H Ballew, Morgan Grams, Sang Yop Shin, Sun Ha Jee, Josef Coresh
BACKGROUND: The link of low estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and high proteinuria to cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality is well known. However, its link to mortality due to other causes is less clear. METHODS: We studied 367,932 adults (20-93 years old) in the Korean Heart Study (baseline between 1996-2004 and follow-up until 2011) and assessed the associations of creatinine-based eGFR and dipstick proteinuria with mortality due to CVD (1,608 cases), cancer (4,035 cases), and other (non-CVD/non-cancer) causes (3,152 cases) after adjusting for potential confounders...
2016: PloS One
keyword
keyword
59833
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"