keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sepsis in dialysis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937077/practice-pattern-of-hemodialysis-among-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-in-rural-south-india-a-single-center-experience
#1
R Hemachandar
Hemodialysis (HD) is the most common mode of renal replacement therapy for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients in India. However, the practice and pattern of dialysis in a hospital serving rural population is largely unknown. A prospective study of 127 ESRD patients initiated on HD between January 2013 and December 2014 was done. The study included 101 males and 26 females, with a mean age of 50.05 ± 13.80 years. Native kidney disease was unknown in 45.67% of patients as they presented very late in their disease course...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937074/clinicoepidemiological-profile-of-peritonitis-complicating-acute-peritoneal-dialysis-a-single-center-experience
#2
Kunal Gandhi, Dharmendra Prasad, Vinay Malhotra, Dhananjai Agrawal, Pankaj Beniwal, Amith Vijay Leon Dsouza
A prospective observational study examining the incidence and microbiological aspects of peritonitis complicating acute intermittent peritoneal dialysis (IPD) was performed. A total of 145 acute IPD treatments were included involving 112 patients. The majority of patients suffered from acute kidney injury (72.3%) secondary to sepsis. Peritonitis occurred in 31 treatment sessions, giving a frequency of 21.4% of procedures performed. The mean interval between starting dialysis and the first sign of peritonitis was 2...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919596/outcome-of-pregnancy-related-acute-kidney-injury-observed-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#3
S U Ahammed, A A Chowdhury, A S Roy, M A Muqueet, M A Rahman, M S Kabir, M G Rabbani, M Asadujjaman, M B Hossain, M Akhtaruzzaman, S K Das, E H Khan, M A Islam, M J Hasan, M A Rahman, R K Talukder, J Ara, G C Barman, P P Roy, M K Saha, D Mondal
This prospective case control study was carried out in Mymensingh Medical College Hospital (MMCH) from April 2011 to March 2012. The main objective of the study was to determine the short term maternal outcome of pregnancy related Acute Kidney Injury and to identify aetiological factors and to observe clinical features of pregnancy related Acute Kidney Injury. Total 60 pregnant women with AKI were included in the study as sample and equal (60) number of pregnant women with normal renal function was taken as control...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916127/open-thoracic-and-thoraco-abdominal-aortic-repair-in-patients-with-connective-tissue-disease
#4
Paula R Keschenau, Drosos Kotelis, Jeroen Bisschop, Mohammad E Barbati, Jochen Grommes, Barend Mees, Alexander Gombert, Arnoud G Peppelenbosch, Geert Willem H Schurink, Johannes Kalder, Michael J Jacobs
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The aim is to present current results of open complex aortic repair in patients with connective tissue disease (CTD). METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-border, single centre study. From February 2000 to April 2016 72 aortic operations were performed on 65 patients with CTD (41 male, median age 41 years [range 19-70 years]). Fifty-six patients (86%) underwent at least one previous aortic repair (71 open, four endovascular), including 33 patients (51%) operated before at the site of the procedure reported here...
September 12, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904808/intracardiac-fistula-an-unusual-complication-of-catheter-related-blood-stream-infection
#5
Abhilash Koratala, Hussain Aboud, Robert Gibson, Karen K Hamilton
In end stage renal disease patients on dialysis, the use of catheter as a vascular access is associated with a significant risk of sepsis compared to an arterio-venous fistula. Our case emphasizes the importance of having high index of suspicion for unusual complications in patients presenting with possible catheter-related blood stream infection and early use of complementary tools such as trans-oesophageal echocardiography whenever applicable.
September 2017: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904174/in-hospital-outcomes-of-tumor-lysis-syndrome-a-population-based-study-using-the-national-inpatient-sample
#6
Urshila Durani, Nilay D Shah, Ronald S Go
The epidemiology and outcomes of tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) are understudied. We used the National Inpatient Sample (NIS), a nationally representative weighted sample of all U.S. hospital discharges, to study outcomes and predictors of mortality in hospitalized patients with TLS. The NIS was queried for patients with a discharge diagnosis of TLS (ICD-9 code 277.88) from 2010-2013. Baseline characteristics and outcomes were analyzed. A multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to identify predictors of mortality...
September 13, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902231/risk-factors-for-the-progression-of-chronic-kidney-disease-after-acute-kidney-injury
#7
Benedito Jorge Pereira, Silvana Barreto, Thais Gentil, Larissa S Assis, Emília Md Soeiro, Isac de Castro, Sandra M Laranja
Introduction: The incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing with the increasing age of the population and the increasing number of elderly survivors of acute kidney injury (AKI). The risk factors for the progression of CKD after AKI are unclear. Objective: To investigate the association between AKI and its progression to CKD and the risk factors involved. Methods: An observational, retrospective study of AKI patients followed from 2009 to 2012 was carried out...
August 28, 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887240/temporal-trends-determinants-and-outcomes-of-inpatient-versus-outpatient-arteriovenous-fistula-operations
#8
Caitlin W Hicks, Michael Bronsert, Karl E Hammermeister, William G Henderson, Douglas R Gibula, James H Black, Natalia O Glebova
ObjectivesAs high health care costs are increasing scrutinized, a movement toward reducing patient hospital admissions and lengths of stay has emerged, particularly for operations that may be performed safely in the outpatient setting. Our aim is to describe recent temporal trends in the proportion of dialysis access procedures performed on an inpatient vs. outpatient basis, and to determine the effects of these changes on perioperative morbidity and mortality. MethodsThe 2005-2008 ACS NSQIP database was queried for all primary arteriovenous fistula (AVF) procedures using CPT codes...
September 5, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871391/hemofiltration-induces-generation-of-leukocyte-derived-cd31-cd41-microvesicles-in-sepsis
#9
Georg Franz Lehner, Ulrich Harler, Clemens Feistritzer, Viktoria Maria Haller, Julia Hasslacher, Romuald Bellmann, Michael Joannidis
BACKGROUND: Microvesicles (MV) are extracellular vesicles known to be associated with cellular activation and inflammation. Hemofiltration is an effective blood purification technique for patients with renal failure and possibly also eliminates inflammatory mediators in the setting of sepsis. On the other hand, proinflammatory stimuli are induced by blood contacting the artificial membrane during extracorporeal blood purification. In chronic dialysis patients a systemic increase in MV has been described...
September 4, 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792165/acute-stylet-peritoneal-dialysis-in-acute-kidney-injury-the-soul-never-dies
#10
Amith Vijay Leon D'Souza, Nishad Raveendran, Rajendra Singh Tanwar, Piyush Kimmatkar, Pankaj Beniwal, Dhananjai Agarwal, Vinay Vinay
BACKGROUND: Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) has a significant mortality rate. In developing countries, mortality due to AKI is high due to lack of access to dialysis facilities and related cost. The main goal of International Society of Nephrology (ISN) 0 by 25 initiative is to eliminate deaths due to AKI. Peritoneal dialysis is an underutilized modality in such a scenario. The aim of this study was to look into effectiveness of starting Acute stylet Peritoneal Dialysis (PD) in a resource constraint settings...
July 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772171/factors-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-perioperative-cardiac-arrest-in-emergent-and-elective-craniotomy-and-spine-surgery
#11
Timothy D Quinn, Ethan Y Brovman, Linda S Aglio, Richard D Urman
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac arrest following neurosurgery is a devastating complication associated with significant postoperative morbidity and mortality. There are no published studies that have used a large and robust multicenter database to specifically examine demographic and surgical risk factors associated with cardiac arrests following craniotomy and spine surgeries, respectively. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database for the period between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2013, focusing on cardiac arrest associated with craniotomy and spine surgery from the intraoperative period to 30days after surgery...
July 25, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748892/clinical-profile-of-geriatric-acute-kidney-injury-in-a-tertiary-care-center-from-south-india
#12
Eshwarappa Mahesh, Praveen Nallamuthu, Mahesh Kumar, Parampalli Rakesh Madhyastha, Gurudev Konanna
The incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) is high in the elderly, who comprise an ever-growing segment of the population. Elderly patients pose a different set of diagnostic and therapeutic challenge owing to their associated comorbidities. AKI in the elderly is associated with an increased risk of mortality, morbidity, prolonged length of stay, and progression to chronic kidney disease. Data regarding the clinical profile of AKI in the elderly from the South Indian population are limited. Hence, we present this analysis of the etiological and prognostic factors associated with AKI in elderly population from South India...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743653/a-review-of-arterio-venous-fistulae-creation-in-octogenarians
#13
Jennifer Clarissa Diandra, Zhiwen Joseph Lo, Wei-Wen Ang, Jue Fei Feng, Sriram Narayanan, Glenn Wei Leong Tan, Sadhana Chandrasekar
BACKGROUND: To analyse the outcomes of arterio-venous fistulae (AVF) creation in Octogenarians. METHODS: Retrospective study of 47 AVFs created in patients aged 80 years and above from 2008 to 2014. Patient and AVF characteristics and outcomes were evaluated. Predictors of patency were analysed with multivariate analysis and Kaplan-Meier patency and survival analysis was performed. RESULTS: 47 of 1,259 AVFs created were for Octogenarians (4%)...
July 22, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700186/-the-treatment-of-aki-in-nephrology-hospitalization-the-sle-hdf-15-litres-in-10-hours
#14
REVIEW
Marcello Napoli, Maria Luisa Lefons, Giovanni Sandri, Efisio Sozzo, Carmela Ambrosino
The AKI in intensive care has been widely treated by international and national guidelines. The treatment of AKI in patients not requiring admission in Intensive Care Unit, but often hospitalized in Nephrology Unit, it is showed of less relevance. For over 5 years we have used for the treatment of AKI of patients admitted in Nephrology Unit an intermittent slow technique, implemented in approximately 600 patients with AKI for a total of about 3000 treatments. In this study we report the clinical results obtained in 100 consecutive patients referred to our Nephrology Unit from 1st January 2014...
June 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682024/-cardio-renal-axis-pathophysiological-evidences-and-clinical-implications
#15
Luca Di Lullo, Claudio Ronco
According to the recent definition proposed by the Consensus conference on Acute Dialysis Quality Initiative Group, the term cardio-renal syndrome CRS has been used to define different clinical conditions in which heart and kidney dysfunction overlap. Type 1 CRS acute cardio - renal syndrome is characterized by acute worsening of cardiac function leading to AKI in the setting of active cardiac disease such as ADHF, while type - 2 CRS occurs in a setting of chronic heart disease. Type 3 CRS is closely link to acute kidney injury, while type 4 represent cardiovascular involvement in chronic kidney disese patients...
March 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676510/peritoneal-dialysis-in-very-low-birth-weight-neonates
#16
Vesna D Stojanović, Svetlana S Bukarica, Jelena B Antić, Aleksandra D Doronjski
BACKGROUND: The aim of this retrospective study is to evaluate clinical characteristics and outcomes of very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates with acute kidney injury (AKI) treated with peritoneal dialysis (PD). METHODS: This retrospective study included 10 VLBW neonates treated with PD. Intravenous (IV) cannula and umbilical venous catheter were used for the peritoneal access. RESULTS: Mean age at the moment of starting PD was 14.9 ± 9.3 days...
July 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603903/a-systematic-review-of-sodium-thiosulfate-in-treating-calciphylaxis-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#17
Ting Peng, Ling Zhuo, Ying Wang, Min Jun, Guisen Li, Li Wang, Daqing Hong
BACKGROUND: Calciphylaxis is a severe complication of advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD). Sodium thiosulphate (STS), an antioxidant and calcium chelating agent, has been used for the treatment of calciphylaxis. However, its efficacy and safety have not been systematically analysed and evaluated. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library database were systematically searched for case report or cases series on use of STS for calciphylaxis published between July 1974 and October 2016...
June 11, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601329/predictors-of-readmission-in-nonagenarians-analysis-of-the-american-college-of-surgeons-national-surgical-quality-improvement-project-dataset
#18
Zachary Hothem, Dustin Baker, Christina S Jenkins, Jason Douglas, Rose E Callahan, Catherine C Shuell, Graham W Long, Robert J Welsh
BACKGROUND: Increased longevity has led to more nonagenarians undergoing elective surgery. Development of predictive models for hospital readmission may identify patients who benefit from preoperative optimization and postoperative transition of care intervention. Our goal was to identify significant predictors of 30-d readmission in nonagenarians undergoing elective surgery. METHODS: Nonagenarians undergoing elective surgery from January 2011 to December 2012 were identified using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Project participant use data files...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590946/hospitalization-among-individuals-waitlisted-for-kidney-transplant
#19
Kira L Newman, Raymond J Lynch, Andrew B Adams, Rebecca Zhang, Stephen O Pastan, Rachel E Patzer
BACKGROUND: For patients waitlisted for a deceased-donor kidney, hospitalization is associated with a lower likelihood of transplantation and worse posttransplant outcomes. However, individual-, neighborhood-, and regional-level risk factors for hospitalization throughout the waitlist period and specific causes of hospitalization in this population are unknown. METHODS: We used United States Renal Data System Medicare-linked data on patients waitlisted between 2005 and 2013 with continuous enrollment in Medicare Parts A & B (n=53 810) to examine the association between annual hospitalization rate and a variety of demographic, clinical, and social factors...
June 6, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584849/carbapenem-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-infections-results-from-a-retrospective-series-and-implications-for-the-design-of-prospective-clinical-trials
#20
Elizabeth L Alexander, Jeffery Loutit, Mario Tumbarello, Richard Wunderink, Tim Felton, George Daikos, Karen Fusaro, Dan White, Shu Zhang, Michael N Dudley
BACKGROUND: The increasing incidence of multidrug-resistant Gram negatives, such as carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), has resulted in a critical need for new antimicrobials. Most studies of new antimicrobials have been performed in patients with nondrug-resistant pathogens. We performed a retrospective analysis of patients with CRE infections to inform the design of phase 3 clinical trials. METHODS: This was a retrospective study at 22 centers in 4 countries...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
keyword
keyword
59829
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"