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brain abscess in pediatric

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858396/evaluation-of-short-term-neurological-outcomes-in-children-diagnosed-with-brain-abscesses
#1
Manolya Acar, Murat Sutcu, Hacer Akturk, Aygozel Muradova, Selda Hancerli-Torun, Nuran Salman, Mine Caliskan, Nail Izgi, Ayper Somer
AIM: To evaluate the neurological outcomes of children diagnosed with brain abscesses in the early post-treatment period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis of pediatric brain abscess patients between January 2000 and December 2015 during a 16 years period. Patients were divided into two groups according to their outcome at the end of the treatment. The patients with good outcome were the ones without any neurological sequelae (GOS score 5)...
October 17, 2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27355884/acute-agitation-and-self-injury-in-a-5-year-old-with-autism
#2
Jason Schweitzer, Christine James, Willough Jenkins, Michael I Reiff, Martin T Stein
A 5-year-old nonverbal child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was admitted to inpatient pediatrics with new onset agitation and self-injurious behavior. His parents described him as a pleasant child without previous episodes of self-injury. Four days before admission, the parents noted new irritability followed by 2 days of self-injury to the face without clear precipitant. His hitting intensified with closed fist to face, and he required parental physical restraint to prevent further injury. Car rides and ibuprofen provided only temporary relief...
September 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27025117/a-6-month-old-female-with-fever-and-increased-head-circumference
#3
Collin C John, Ashley Jenkins, Hilary Morley
Brain abscesses, while a fairly rare occurrence in the pediatric population, can be associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Staphylococcus aureus is a rare cause of intracranial abscess that is generally seen in pediatric patients who have had traumatic injury or neurosurgical intervention. We present the case of a 6-month-old patient who was found to have a large brain abscess secondary to methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA), despite no clear precipitating factors. She underwent percutaneous drainage and IV antibiotic treatment with gradual recovery but as-of-yet undetermined developmental sequelae...
March 2016: West Virginia Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26662160/brain-abscess-of-unknown-etiology-in-a-2-year-old-child-a-case-report
#4
Georgeta Ligia Stănescu, Ramona Mihaela NedelcuŢă, Dalia Dop, Radu Diaconu, Gigi Călin, Elena Carmen Niculescu, Cristian Gheonea, Radu Stănescu, Liliana Anghelina, Mihail Relu Stănescu
We present a case of brain abscess necroptically discovered in a 2-year-old child hospitalized in the Pediatrics Clinic of the "Filantropia" Municipal Hospital, Craiova, Romania. The family, with a poor financial situation, reports previous episodes that may be interpreted as comitial crises. Clinically speaking, he presents a height-weight hypertrophia, vitamin D loss rickets, and psychomotor retardation. At the objective examination, we found a weight of 10 500 g (!), second and third degree mesocardiac systolic beat and cardiomegaly in the thorax-cardiac-pulmonary X-ray examination...
2015: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26139548/pediatric-brainstem-abscess-with-hemorrhage-mimicking-diffuse-intrinsic-pontine-glioma-a-case-report
#5
Ju-Hwi Kim, Tae-Young Jung, Seung-Hoon Jung, Kyung-Hwa Lee, Seul-Kee Kim
PURPOSE: We report a rare case of brainstem abscess with hemorrhage mimicking diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG). METHODS: A 7-month-old baby girl presented with lethargy and poor oral feeding. She had the mild fever for 1 month. Brain computed tomography revealed the hypodense lesion in the pons. Brain magnetic resonance images (MRI) showed around 1.4-cm-sized rim-enhanced mass with perilesional edema and internal hemorrhage in the pons. The cerebral blood volume was increased in the rim-enhanced area...
December 2015: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26043711/torticollis-in-children-an-alert-symptom-not-to-be-turned-away
#6
Abdulfettah Tumturk, Guldemet Kaya Ozcora, Ayse Kacar Bayram, Murat Kabaklioglu, Selim Doganay, Mehmet Canpolat, Hakan Gumus, Sefer Kumandas, Ekrem Unal, Ali Kurtsoy, Huseyin Per
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to investigate the spectrum of underlying disease in children with torticollis. METHODS: We investigated the spectrum of underlying disease and to evaluate the clinical features of the children presented with torticollis in the last 2 years. RESULTS: Of the 20 children (13 girls and 7 boys with the mean age of 8 years, ranging 2 months-12 years), eight of them have craniospinal pathologies (cerebellar tumors in three, exophytic brain stem glioma, eosinophilic granuloma of C2 vertebra, neuroenteric cyst of the spinal cord, Chiari type 3 malformation, arachnoid cysts causing brainstem compression, and cerebellar empyema), followed by osseous origin in five (congenital vertebral anomalies including hemivertebrae, blocked vertebra, and segmentation anomalies), two muscular torticollis (soft tissue inflammation due to subclavian artery catheterization, myositis ossificans with sternocleidomastoid muscle atrophy), and ocular (congenital cataract and microphthalmia), Sandifer syndrome, paroxysmal torticollis, retropharyngeal abscess each in one patients were detected...
September 2015: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25917804/pediatric-intracranial-abscesses
#7
REVIEW
Christopher M Bonfield, Julia Sharma, Simon Dobson
Intracranial infections in children are a relatively rare, but potentially severe condition. Because of the potential for rapid deterioration, timely diagnosis and treatment are necessary. These infections are categorized based on their intracranial location: epidural abscess, subdural empyema, and brain abscess. They largely arise from direct extension of adjacent infection, hematogenous seeding, or trauma. Clinical presentations of intracranial infections also vary. However, common signs and symptoms include headache, fever, nausea and vomiting, altered mental status, focal neurologic deficits, and seizures...
June 2015: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25576884/frame-based-stereotactic-neurosurgery-in-children-under-the-age-of-seven-freiburg-university-s-experience-from-99-consecutive-cases
#8
Luciano L Furlanetti, Bernardo A Monaco, Joacir G Cordeiro, William Omar Contreras Lopez, Michael Trippel
INTRODUCTION: Stereotactic frame-based procedures proved to be precise, safe and are of widespread use among adult patients. Regarding pediatric patients few data is available, therefore the use of the stereotactic frame remains controversial in this population. This motivated us to report our experience in stereotactic procedures in the youngest patients and review the literature concerning this subject. METHODS: All frame-based procedures performed in patients younger than seven years in the University of Freiburg during the last 10 years were retrospectively analyzed and discussed under the light of the current literature...
March 2015: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25576411/-brain-abscess-caused-by-haemophilus-influenzae-type-e-in-a-pediatric-patient-suffering-from-apert-syndrome
#9
Adela M Isasmendi, José L Pinheiro, Natalia García Escudé, Adriana M Efrón, María A Moscoloni, Claudia M Hernández
We report a case of a brain abscess caused by Haemophilus influenzae type e in a 12 year-old patient suffering from Apert syndrome. Apert syndrome is characterized by the premature closure of cranial sutures. In 2010 the patient suffered head trauma in the frontal area with cranial fracture and a cerebrospinal fluid fistula. In February 2013 he was admitted to hospital with fever, vomiting and generalized tonic-clonic seizure with deteriorating mental status/progressive sensory impairment. The computerized axial tomographic scan showed a right frontal lesion, perilesional edema, mild ventricular dilatation and pansinusitis...
October 2014: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25222056/pulmonary-arteriovenous-malformations-and-cerebral-abscess-recurrence-in-a-child-with-hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia
#10
Paola Giordano, Maria Sangerardi, Patrizia Suppressa, Patrizia Lastella, Ettore Attolini, Federica Valente, Maria L Fiorella, Gennaro M Lenato, Carlo Sabbà
BACKGROUND: A 17-year-old boy was referred to our center with a history of brain abscess (BA) recurring after 9 years. The patient reported 2 previous treatments for pulmonary arteriovenous malformations, sporadic nosebleeds, and familial history for epistaxis. Clinical investigations revealed arteriovenous malformations in lung, brain, and liver, as well as mucocutaneous telangiectases. A definite diagnosis of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia was made based on clinical criteria and confirmed by genetic analysis...
April 2015: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25119809/-gemella-haemolysans-brain-abscess-in-a-child-with-complex-congenital-heart-disease
#11
Mehdi Chinbo, Amal Addebbous, Mariame Moutachakkir, Noureddine Rada, Mohamed Bouskraoui, Laila Chabaa, Nabila Soraa
Gemella haemolysans, a Gram positive cocci which are deemed to be the normal inhabitant of the mucous membranes of the oropharynx, has been recognized as a pathogen involved in abscess formation. The aim of this case report is to demonstrate that it is also involved in brain abscess in children. We report, to our knowledge, the first pediatric case of Gemella haemolysans brain abscess in an 11 years old child carrying a complex congenital heart disease (dextrocardia with single right ventricle) which evolved favorably under antibiotic therapy...
July 2014: Annales de Biologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24964473/pediatric-parafalcine-empyemas
#12
Franziska Niklewski, Athanasios K Petridis, Jasmin Al Hourani, Klaus Blaeser, Georgios Ntoulias, Andrej Bitter, Thorsten Rosenbaum, Martin Scholz
Subdural intracranial empyemas and brain abscesses are a rare complication of bacterial sinusitis. Pediatric parafalcine abscesses are a rare entity with different treatment compared with other brain abscesses. We present two pediatric cases with falcine abscess as a sinusitis complication and introduce our department's treatment management. In addition a review of literature is performed. Surgical cases of our department and their management are compared with the current literature. In our cases, both of the children showed a recurrent empyema after the first surgical treatment and antibiotic therapy...
2013: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24529567/aggregatibacter-aphrophilus-brain-abscess-secondary-to-primary-tooth-extraction-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
Sofia Maraki, Ioannis S Papadakis, Efkleidis Chronakis, Dimitrios Panagopoulos, Antonis Vakis
We report on a rare case of Aggregatibacter aphrophilus brain abscess of odontogenic origin in a 6-year-old previously healthy boy, who had close contact with a pet dog. The poodle was the most likely source of the infecting organism, which subsequently colonized the patient's oral cavity. The abscess was surgically removed and he recovered completely after prolonged antibiotic treatment with meropenem. We also review the relevant medical literature on A. aphrophilus pediatric brain abscesses.
February 2016: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24457110/-pasteurella-multocida-meningitis-with-cerebral-abscesses
#14
S Nguefack, B Moifo, A Chiabi, E Mah, J-B Bogne, M Fossi, F Fru, E Mbonda, V-P Djientcheu
Pasteurella multocida is classically responsible for local soft tissue infections secondary to dog bites or cat scratches. It can be responsible for meningitis in infants and elderly persons. We report the case history of a 5-year-old male child admitted to our pediatric unit for meningitis. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis revealed an infection with P. multocida. The suspected mode of contamination was either from the saliva of a pet dog or through an unnoticed skull fracture sustained after an accident 1 year prior to the occurrence of meningitis...
March 2014: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24356856/secondary-pediatric-encephalocele-after-ventriculosubgaleal-shunting-for-posthemorrhagic-hydrocephalus
#15
Daniel Seeburg, Edward Ahn, Thierry Huisman
Intraventricular hemorrhage and posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus continue to be common complications in very low-birth-weight premature infants, often requiring ventricular shunting for cerebrospinal fluid diversion. We report on two infants with posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus that developed a secondary encephalocele after ventriculosubgaleal shunting. Encephaloceles can act as a source of seizure activity and can result in various additional complications including meningitis, abscess formation, and infarction of herniated brain parenchyma...
August 2014: Neuropediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24338779/socioeconomic-disparities-in-the-presentation-of-acute-bacterial-sinusitis-complications-in-children
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Ahmad R Sedaghat, Claus O Wilke, Michael J Cunningham, Stacey L Ishman
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To identify characteristics and disparities associated with presentation of pediatric acute bacterial sinusitis (ABS) complications. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of the 2008 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample database. METHODS: A total of 101,660 children 18 years of age or younger diagnosed with ABS, 696 of whom had orbital or intracranial complications, were identified. Patient and hospital-specific characteristics were investigated for association with childhood ABS complications...
July 2014: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24252774/pediatric-abdominal-and-pelvic-trauma-safety-and-efficacy-of-arterial-embolization
#17
Nghia-Jack Vo, Morgan Althoen, Daniel S Hippe, Somnath J Prabhu, Karim Valji, Siddharth A Padia
PURPOSE: Although transcatheter embolization is a well established technique to treat adults in the trauma setting, evidence is lacking in the pediatric population. This study assesses the safety and efficacy of arterial embolization for blunt abdominal and pelvic trauma in the pediatric population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of abdominal and pelvic angiograms in 97 pediatric patients with blunt trauma was conducted over an 11-year period. Abdominal angiography and embolization was performed for ongoing hepatic, renal, splenic, or nonvisceral retroperitoneal injury...
February 2014: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23774978/early-diagnosis-of-cerebral-aspergillosis-with-various-methods-a-case-report
#18
Hafize Sav, Mustafa Altay Atalay, Gonca Demir, Mehmet Akif Ozdemir, Ayse Nedret Koc
The clinical and laboratory diagnosis of cerebral aspergillosis (CA) is problematic and mortality is quite high, even in cases receiving appropriate treatment. Therefore, an early and accurate diagnosis may prove to be life saving in patients with the diagnosis of CA. In this report, a case of CA which developed in a pediatric patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is presented. Upon development of neutropenia and focal seizures in the left arm during implementation of the ALL treatment protocol, brain MRI was performed in the patient and nodular lesions compliant with brain abscess were detected in the frontal lobe, left cerebellum and the cingulate gyrus on the superior aspect of the left corpus callosum...
June 2013: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23735170/perinatally-hiv-infected-youth-presenting-with-acute-stroke-progression-evolution-of-ischemic-disease-on-neuroimaging
#19
Izlem Izbudak, Majid Chalian, Nancy Hutton, Visveshwar Baskaran, Lori Jordan, George K Siberry, Philippe Gailloud, Allison L Agwu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although HIV infection is decreasing in infants and children, there is a steady cohort of perinatally HIV-infected (PHIV) children that are growing older. Increased risk of acute stroke has been reported in PHIV children. Our goal was to evaluate evolution/progression of neuroimaging findings in PHIV youth initially presenting with acute stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of PHIV pediatric patients (n = 179) from 1996 to 2010 were reviewed and patients with clinical documentation of acute stroke referred to the neuroradiology service were eligible for the study...
July 2013: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23678967/membrane-association-and-destabilization-by-aggregatibacter-actinomycetemcomitans-leukotoxin-requires-changes-in-secondary-structures
#20
M J Walters, A C Brown, T C Edrington, S Baranwal, Y Du, E T Lally, K Boesze-Battaglia
Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans is a common inhabitant of the upper aerodigestive tract of humans and non-human primates and is associated with disseminated infections, including lung and brain abscesses, pediatric infective endocarditis, and localized aggressive periodontitis. Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans secretes a repeats-in-toxin protein, leukotoxin, which exclusively kills lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1-bearing cells. The toxin's pathological mechanism is not fully understood; however, experimental evidence indicates that it involves the association with and subsequent destabilization of the target cell's plasma membrane...
October 2013: Molecular Oral Microbiology
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