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Iron reducing bacteria

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717590/construction-of-a-fur-null-mutant-and-rna-sequencing-provide-deeper-global-understanding-of-the-aliivibrio-salmonicida-fur-regulon
#1
Sunniva Katharina Thode, Cecilie Bækkedal, Jenny Johansson Söderberg, Erik Hjerde, Hilde Hansen, Peik Haugen
BACKGROUND: The ferric uptake regulator (Fur) is a transcription factor and the main regulator of iron acquisition in prokaryotes. When bound to ferric iron, Fur recognizes its DNA binding site and generally executes its function by repressing transcription of its target genes. Due to its importance in virulence, the Fur regulon is well studied for several model bacteria. In our previous work, we used computational predictions and microarray to gain insights into Fur-regulation in Aliivibrio salmonicida, and have identified a number of genes and operons that appear to be under direct control of Fur...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715664/electron-transfer-mediators-accelerated-the-microbiologically-influence-corrosion-against-carbon-steel-by-nitrate-reducing-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-biofilm
#2
Ru Jia, Dongqing Yang, Dake Xu, Tingyue Gu
Electron transfer is a rate-limiting step in microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) caused by microbes that utilize extracellular electrons. Cross-cell wall electron transfer is necessary to transport the electrons released from extracellular iron oxidation into the cytoplasm of cells. Electron transfer mediators were found to accelerate the MIC caused by sulfate reducing bacteria. However, there is no publication in the literature showing the effect of electron transfer mediators on MIC caused by nitrate reducing bacteria (NRB)...
June 29, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690982/deferiprone-and-gallium-protoporphyrin-have-the-capacity-to-potentiate-the-activity-of-antibiotics-in-staphylococcus-aureus-small-colony-variants
#3
Katharina Richter, Nicky Thomas, Guimin Zhang, Clive A Prestidge, Tom Coenye, Peter-John Wormald, Sarah Vreugde
Small colony variants (SCVs) of bacteria like Staphylococcus aureus are characterized by a reduced colony size and are linked to increased antibiotic tolerance and resistance. Their altered expression of virulence factors, slow growing properties and their ability to form biofilms make the eradication of SCVs challenging. In the context of biofilm-related infectious diseases involving S. aureus SCVs, a therapy targeting bacterial iron metabolism was evaluated. The combination of the iron-chelator deferiprone (Def) and the heme-analog gallium-protoporphyrin (GaPP), in solution and incorporated in a surgical wound gel, was tested for activity against planktonic and sessile SCVs...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677239/microbial-community-structure-and-soil-ph-correspond-to-methane-production-in-arctic-alaska-soils
#4
Robert Wagner, Donatella Zona, Walter Oechel, David Lipson
While there is no doubt that biogenic methane production in the Arctic is an important aspect of global methane emissions, the relative roles of microbial community characteristics and soil environmental conditions in controlling Arctic methane emissions remains uncertain. Here, relevant methane-cycling microbial groups were investigated at two remote Arctic sites with respect to soil potential methane production (PMP). Percent abundances of methanogens and iron-reducing bacteria correlated with increased PMP, while methanotrophs correlated with decreased PMP...
July 5, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672697/stratification-of-chlorinated-ethenes-natural-attenuation-in-an-alluvial-aquifer-assessed-by-hydrochemical-and-biomolecular-tools
#5
Jan Němeček, Iva Dolinová, Jiřina Macháčková, Roman Špánek, Alena Ševců, Tomáš Lederer, Miroslav Černík
Biomolecular and hydrochemical tools were used to evaluate natural attenuation of chlorinated ethenes in a Quaternary alluvial aquifer located close to a historical source of large-scale tetrachloroethylene (PCE) contamination. Distinct stratification of redox zones was observed, despite the aquifer's small thickness (2.8 m). The uppermost zone of the target aquifer was characterised by oxygen- and nitrate-reducing conditions, with mixed iron- to sulphate-reducing conditions dominant in the lower zone, along with indications of methanogenesis...
June 24, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652609/a-novel-stress-response-mechanism-triggered-by-indole-involved-in-quorum-quenching-enzyme-moml-and-iron-sulfur-cluster-in-muricauda-olearia-th120
#6
Yan Wang, Hui Li, Xinxin Cui, Xiao-Hua Zhang
Indole, as a signal molecule, is involved in multiple physiological behavior including biofilm formation, antibiotic resistance and virulence. In this study, we demonstrated that indole was involved in iron deficient and H2O2 stress response in Muricauda olearia Th120. Transcriptome analysis showed that totally 206 genes were regulated by exogenous indole. Besides, momL-suf gene cluster, consisting of quorum quenching enzyme coding gene momL and iron-sulfur biosynthetic genes suf, were involved in indole-induced stress response pathway...
June 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648065/membrane-alterations-in-pseudomonas-putida-f1-exposed-to-nanoscale-zerovalent-iron-effects-of-short-term-and-repetitive-nzvi-exposure
#7
Panaya Kotchaplai, Eakalak Khan, Alisa S Vangnai
In this study, we report the effect of the commercial nanoscale zerovalent iron (nZVI) on environmental bacteria, emphasizing the importance of nZVI-bacterial membrane interaction on nZVI toxicity as well as the adaptability of bacteria to nZVI. Exposure of Pseudomonas putida F1 to 0.1, 1.0, and 5.0 g/L of nZVI caused the reduction in colony forming units (CFUs) substantially for almost 3 orders of magnitude. However, a rebound in the cell number was observed after the prolonged exposure except for 5.0 g/L nZVI at which bacterial viability was completely inhibited...
July 10, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636310/sensing-mechanisms-in-the-redox-regulated-2fe-2s-cluster-containing-bacterial-transcriptional-factor-soxr
#8
Kazuo Kobayashi
Bacteria possess molecular biosensors that enable responses to a variety of stressful conditions, including oxidative stress, toxic compounds, and interactions with other organisms, through elaborately coordinated regulation of gene expression. In Escherichia coli and related bacteria, the transcription factor SoxR functions as a sensor of oxidative stress and nitric oxide (NO). SoxR protein contains a [2Fe-2S] cluster essential for its transcription-enhancing activity, which is regulated by redox changes in the [2Fe-2S] cluster...
June 21, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631141/cell-labeling-with-magneto-endosymbionts-and-the-dissection-of-the-subcellular-location-fate-and-host-cell-interactions
#9
Kayla R Lee, Abdul Wakeel, Papia Chakraborty, Chandler S Foote, Lauren Kajiura, Joyce C Barrozo, Andrea C Chan, Alexey V Bazarov, Ryan Spitler, Peter M Kutny, Jim M Denegre, Rob A Taft, Joachim Seemann, Bradley W Rice, Christopher H Contag, Brian K Rutt, Caleb B Bell
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study are to characterize magneto-endosymbiont (ME) labeling of mammalian cells and to discern the subcellular fate of these living contrast agents. MEs are novel magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents that are being used for cell tracking studies. Understanding the fate of MEs in host cells is valuable for designing in vivo cell tracking experiments. PROCEDURES: The ME's surface epitopes, contrast-producing paramagnetic magnetosomal iron, and genome were studied using immunocytochemistry (ICC), Fe and MRI contrast measurements, and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), respectively...
June 19, 2017: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618865/streptococcus-thermophilus-ncimb-41856-ameliorates-signs-of-colitis-in-an-animal-model-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#10
J R Bailey, V Vince, N A Williams, T A Cogan
Treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is mainly based on suppression of symptoms, often with numerous side effects. Trials of probiotics in IBD have frequently produced disappointing results. The majority of probiotics are unusual, since they do not require iron for growth, unlike many bacteria resident in the intestine. The IBD intestine is iron-rich due to bleeding and use of oral iron supplements; conventional probiotics would be rapidly outcompeted. We have evaluated an iron-responsive Streptococcus thermophilus strain for its potential to reduce signs of colitis...
June 16, 2017: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593521/identification-of-siderophore-producing-and-cynogenic-fluorescent-pseudomonas-and-a-simple-confrontation-assay-to-identify-potential-bio-control-agent-for-collar-rot-of-chickpea
#11
Anil S Kotasthane, Toshy Agrawal, Najam Waris Zaidi, U S Singh
In soil, plant roots coexist with bacteria and fungi that produce siderophores capable of sequestering the available iron. Microbial cyanogenesis has been demonstrated in many species of fungi and in a few species of bacteria (e.g., Chromobacterium and Pseudomonas). Fluorescent Pseudomonas isolates P29, P59, P144, P166, P174, P187, P191 and P192 were cyanogenic and produced siderophores in the presence of a strong chelater 8-Hydroxyquinoline (50 mg/l). A simple confrontation assay for identifying potential antagonists was developed...
June 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585174/a-patent-landscape-on-application-of-microorganisms-in-construction-industry
#12
REVIEW
Dipti Dapurkar, Manasi Telang
Construction biotechnology includes research and development of construction materials and processes that make use of various microbes. The present technology landscape gives a perspective on how microbes have been used in construction industry as cement and concrete additives by analyzing patents filed in this technology arena. All patents related to the technology of interest published globally to date have been reviewed. The earliest patent filing in this technology domain was recorded in the year 1958 and the patenting activity reached its peak around mid to late 1990s...
July 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548659/metatranscriptomic-analysis-of-prokaryotic-communities-active-in-sulfur-and-arsenic-cycling-in-mono-lake-california-usa
#13
Christian F Edwardson, James T Hollibaugh
This study evaluates the transcriptionally active, dissimilatory sulfur- and arsenic-cycling components of the microbial community in alkaline, hypersaline Mono Lake, CA, USA. We sampled five depths spanning the redox gradient (10, 15, 18, 25 and 31 m) during maximum thermal stratification. We used custom databases to identify transcripts of genes encoding complex iron-sulfur molybdoenzyme (CISM) proteins, with a focus on arsenic (arrA, aioA and arxA) and sulfur cycling (dsrA, aprA and soxB), and assigned them to taxonomic bins...
May 26, 2017: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542634/crystallographic-characterization-of-the-high-potential-iron-sulfur-protein-in-the-oxidized-state-at-0-8-%C3%A3-resolution
#14
Hiraku Ohno, Kazuki Takeda, Satomi Niwa, Tomotaka Tsujinaka, Yuya Hanazono, Yu Hirano, Kunio Miki
High-potential iron-sulfur protein (HiPIP) is a soluble electron carrier protein of photosynthetic bacteria with an Fe4S4 cluster. Although structural changes accompanying the electron transfer are important for understanding of the functional mechanism, the changes have not been clarified in sufficient detail. We previously reported the high-resolution crystal structures of HiPIP from a thermophilic purple bacterium Thermochromatium tepidum in the reduced state. In order to perform a detailed comparison between the structures in different redox states, the oxidized structure should also be revealed at high resolution...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533366/mechanism-of-h2s-mediated-protection-against-oxidative-stress-in-escherichia-coli
#15
Alexander Mironov, Tatyana Seregina, Maxim Nagornykh, Lyly G Luhachack, Natalya Korolkova, Liubov Errais Lopes, Vera Kotova, Gennady Zavilgelsky, Rustem Shakulov, Konstantin Shatalin, Evgeny Nudler
Endogenous hydrogen sulfide (H2S) renders bacteria highly resistant to oxidative stress, but its mechanism remains poorly understood. Here, we report that 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (3MST) is the major source of endogenous H2S in Escherichia coli Cellular resistance to H2O2 strongly depends on the activity of mstA, a gene that encodes 3MST. Deletion of the ferric uptake regulator (Fur) renders ∆mstA cells hypersensitive to H2O2 Conversely, induction of chromosomal mstA from a strong pLtetO-1 promoter (P tet -mstA) renders ∆fur cells fully resistant to H2O2 Furthermore, the endogenous level of H2S is reduced in ∆fur or ∆sodA ∆sodB cells but restored after the addition of an iron chelator dipyridyl...
June 6, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512090/the-vibrio-cholerae-vexgh-rnd-efflux-system-maintains-cellular-homeostasis-by-effluxing-vibriobactin
#16
Dillon E Kunkle, X Renee Bina, James E Bina
Resistance-nodulation-division (RND) superfamily efflux systems have been widely studied for their role in antibiotic resistance, but their native biological functions remain poorly understood. We previously showed that loss of RND-mediated efflux in Vibrio cholerae resulted in activation of the Cpx two-component regulatory system, which mediates adaptation to stress resulting from misfolded membrane proteins. Here, we investigated the mechanism linking RND-mediated efflux to the Cpx response. We performed transposon mutagenesis screening of RND-deficient V...
May 16, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487680/diversity-of-metabolically-active-bacteria-in-water-flooded-high-temperature-heavy-oil-reservoir
#17
Tamara N Nazina, Natalya M Shestakova, Ekaterina M Semenova, Alena V Korshunova, Nadezda K Kostrukova, Tatiana P Tourova, Liu Min, Qingxian Feng, Andrey B Poltaraus
The goal of this work was to study the overall genomic diversity of microorganisms of the Dagang high-temperature oilfield (PRC) and to characterize the metabolically active fraction of these populations. At this water-flooded oilfield, the microbial community of formation water from the near-bottom zone of an injection well where the most active microbial processes of oil degradation occur was investigated using molecular, cultural, radiotracer, and physicochemical techniques. The samples of microbial DNA and RNA from back-flushed water were used to obtain the clone libraries for the 16S rRNA gene and cDNA of 16S rRNA, respectively...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475687/the-quinoline-bromoquinol-exhibits-broad-spectrum-antifungal-activity-and-induces-oxidative-stress-and-apoptosis-in-aspergillus-fumigatus
#18
Dafna Ben Yaakov, Yana Shadkchan, Nathaniel Albert, Dimitrios P Kontoyiannis, Nir Osherov
Objectives: Over the last 30 years, the number of invasive fungal infections among immunosuppressed patients has increased significantly, while the number of effective systemic antifungal drugs remains low. The aim of this study was to identify and characterize antifungal compounds that inhibit fungus-specific metabolic pathways not conserved in humans. Methods: We screened a diverse compound library for antifungal activity in the pathogenic mould Aspergillus fumigatus ...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470848/iron-catalysis-at-the-origin-of-life
#19
Eloi Camprubi, Sean F Jordan, Rafaela Vasiliadou, Nick Lane
Iron-sulphur proteins are ancient and drive fundamental processes in cells, notably electron transfer and CO2 fixation. Iron-sulphur minerals with equivalent structures could have played a key role in the origin of life. However, the 'iron-sulphur world' hypothesis has had a mixed reception, with questions raised especially about the feasibility of a pyrites-pulled reverse Krebs cycle. Phylogenetics suggests that the earliest cells drove carbon and energy metabolism via the acetyl CoA pathway, which is also replete in Fe(Ni)S proteins...
May 3, 2017: IUBMB Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463500/iron-uptake-oxidoreductase-iruo-uses-a-flavin-adenine-dinucleotide-semiquinone-intermediate-for-iron-siderophore-reduction
#20
Marek J Kobylarz, Graham A Heieis, Slade A Loutet, Michael E P Murphy
Many pathogenic bacteria including Staphylococcus aureus use iron-chelating siderophores to acquire iron. Iron uptake oxidoreductase (IruO), a flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD)-containing nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH)-dependent reductase from S. aureus, functions as a reductase for IsdG and IsdI, two paralogous heme degrading enzymes. Also, the gene encoding for IruO was shown to be required for growth of S. aureus on hydroxamate siderophores as a sole iron source. Here, we show that IruO binds the hydroxamate-type siderophores desferrioxamine B and ferrichrome A with low micromolar affinity and in the presence of NADPH, Fe(II) was released...
May 12, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
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