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Iron reducing bacteria

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344709/microbial-characterization-of-methanogenic-and-iron-reducing-consortium-in-reactors-with-polychlorinated-biphenyls
#1
Mara R de Lima E Silva, Regiane C Correa, Isabel K Sakamoto, Maria B A Varesche
Recent papers have confirmed current environmental pollution and the continuous release of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) despite the prohibition of its manufacture worldwide. As the dehalogenating microorganisms are able to remove halogens from various analogous compounds, the characterization of PCB metabolisms can improve the degradation of similar compounds. Thus, this study extensively evaluated the microbial community developed in methanogenic and iron-reducing reactors. The horizontal-flow anaerobic reactor (HAIB) with real waste of Aroclor (1 mL L-1) was fed with mineral medium, ethanol, and sodium formate...
January 17, 2018: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335552/a-pathway-for-biological-methane-production-using-bacterial-iron-only-nitrogenase
#2
Yanning Zheng, Derek F Harris, Zheng Yu, Yanfen Fu, Saroj Poudel, Rhesa N Ledbetter, Kathryn R Fixen, Zhi-Yong Yang, Eric S Boyd, Mary E Lidstrom, Lance C Seefeldt, Caroline S Harwood
Methane (CH4) is a potent greenhouse gas that is released from fossil fuels and is also produced by microbial activity, with at least one billion tonnes of CH4 being formed and consumed by microorganisms in a single year 1 . Complex methanogenesis pathways used by archaea are the main route for bioconversion of carbon dioxide (CO2) to CH4 in nature2-4. Here, we report that wild-type iron-iron (Fe-only) nitrogenase from the bacterium Rhodopseudomonas palustris reduces CO2 simultaneously with nitrogen gas (N2) and protons to yield CH4, ammonia (NH3) and hydrogen gas (H2) in a single enzymatic step...
January 15, 2018: Nature Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330649/growth-of-leptospirillum-ferriphilum-in-sulfur-medium-in-co-culture-with-acidithiobacillus-caldus
#3
Sarah L Smith, D Barrie Johnson
Leptospirillum ferriphilum and Acidithiobacillus caldus are both thermotolerant acidophilic bacteria that frequently co-exist in natural and man-made environments, such as biomining sites. Both are aerobic chemolithotrophs; L. ferriphilum is known only to use ferrous iron as electron donor, while A. caldus can use zero-valent and reduced sulfur, and also hydrogen, as electron donors. It has recently been demonstrated that A. caldus reduces ferric iron to ferrous when grown aerobically on sulfur. Experiments were carried out which demonstrated that this allowed L...
January 12, 2018: Extremophiles: Life Under Extreme Conditions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330185/the-mgte-homolog-fici-acts-as-a-secondary-ferrous-iron-importer-in-shewanella-oneidensis-strain-mr-1
#4
Brittany D Bennett, Kaitlyn E Redford, Jeffrey A Gralnick
The transport of metals into and out of cells is necessary for the maintenance of appropriate intracellular concentrations. Metals are needed for incorporation into metalloproteins but become toxic at higher concentrations. Many metal transport proteins have been discovered in bacteria, including the Mg2+ transporter-E (MgtE) family of passive Mg2+/Co2+ cation-selective channels. Low sequence identity exists between members of the MgtE family, indicating that substrate specificity may differ among MgtE transporters...
January 12, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321692/geobacteraceae-are-important-members-of-mercury-methylating-microbial-communities-of-sediments-impacted-by-waste-water-releases
#5
Andrea G Bravo, Jakob Zopfi, Moritz Buck, Jingying Xu, Stefan Bertilsson, Jeffra K Schaefer, John Poté, Claudia Cosio
Microbial mercury (Hg) methylation in sediments can result in bioaccumulation of the neurotoxin methylmercury (MMHg) in aquatic food webs. Recently, the discovery of the gene hgcA, required for Hg methylation, revealed that the diversity of Hg methylators is much broader than previously thought. However, little is known about the identity of Hg-methylating microbial organisms and the environmental factors controlling their activity and distribution in lakes. Here, we combined high-throughput sequencing of 16S rRNA and hgcA genes with the chemical characterization of sediments impacted by a waste water treatment plant that releases significant amounts of organic matter and iron...
January 10, 2018: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302910/experiment-on-the-treatment-of-acid-mine-drainage-with-optimized-biomedical-stone-particles-by-response-surface-methodology
#6
Junzhen Di, Mingxin Wang, Zhitao Zhu
The immobilized particles were used to treat acid mine drainage (AMD) in the study, which owns the characteristics of serious pollution and high managing cost. The immobilized particles were prepared with sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) and medical stones. In order to investigate the interactive influence of medical stones on the particle properties, the salt modification condition, content, and size of the medical stone were taken as the influential factors. At the same time, the removal rate of SO42- and Mn2+, the release of total irons (TFe) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) and pH value were taken as the response values in the experiment...
January 4, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286400/experimental-column-setup-for-studying-anaerobic-biogeochemical-interactions-between-iron-oxy-hydroxides-trace-elements-and-bacteria
#7
Jennifer Hellal, André Burnol, Aude Locatelli, Fabienne Battaglia-Brunet
Fate and speciation of trace elements (TEs), such as arsenic (As) and mercury (Hg), in aquifers are closely related to physio-chemical conditions, such as redox potential (Eh) and pH, but also to microbial activities that can play a direct or indirect role on speciation and/or mobility. Indeed, some bacteria can directly oxidize As(III) to As(V) or reduce As(V) to As(III). Likewise, bacteria are strongly involved in Hg cycling, either through its methylation, forming the neurotoxin monomethyl mercury, or through its reduction to elemental Hg°...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282292/the-radical-sam-protein-hemw-is-a-heme-chaperone
#8
Vera Haskamp, Simone Karrie, Toni Mingers, Stefan Barthels, François Alberge, Axel Magalon, Katrin Müller, Eckard Bill, Wolfgang Lubitz, Kirstin Kleeberg, Peter Schweyen, Martin Bröring, Martina Jahn, Dieter Jahn
Radical S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) enzymes exist in organisms from all kingdoms of life, and all of these proteins generate an adenosyl radical via the homolytic cleavage of the S-C(5') bond of SAM. Of particular interest are radical SAM enzymes, such as heme chaperones, that insert heme into respiratory enzymes. For example, heme chaperones insert heme into target proteins, but have been studied only for the formation of cytochrome c type hemoproteins. Here, we report that a radical SAM protein, the heme chaperone HemW from bacteria, is required for the insertion of heme b into respiratory chain enzymes...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249024/investigations-of-microbial-degradation-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-based-on-13c-labeled-phenanthrene-in-a-soil-co-contaminated-with-trace-elements-using-a-plant-assisted-approach
#9
Anna Wawra, Wolfgang Friesl-Hanl, Anna Jäger, Markus Puschenreiter, Gerhard Soja, Thomas Reichenauer, Andrea Watzinger
Co-contaminations of soils with organic and inorganic pollutants are a frequent environmental problem. Due to their toxicity and recalcitrance, the heterogeneous pollutants may persist in soil. The hypothesis of this study was that degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) is enhanced if heavy metals in soil are immobilized and their bioavailability reduced. For metal immobilization and enhanced biodegradation, distinct mineral and organic soil amendments (iron oxides, gravel sludge, biochar) were deployed in an incubation batch experiment...
December 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245150/mobilization-of-arsenic-on-nano-tio2-in-soil-columns-with-sulfate-reducing-bacteria
#10
Ting Luo, Li Ye, Tingshan Chan, Chuanyong Jing
Arsenic (As) remediation in contaminated water using nanoparticles is promising. However, the fate and transport of As associated with nano-adsorbents in natural environment is poorly understood. To investigate the fate of adsorbed As on nano-TiO2 in changed redox condition from oxic to anoxic, we added the As(V)-TiO2 suspension in groundwater to an autoclaved soil column which inoculated a sulfate-reducing bacterium, Desulfovibrio vulgaris DP4. The dissolved As(V) in effluent increased to 798 μg/L for the biotic column and to 1510 μg/L for the abiotic control, and dissolved As(III) was observed only in biotic column...
December 12, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205031/effect-of-shewanella-oneidensis-on-the-kinetics-of-fe-ii-catalyzed-transformation-of-ferrihydrite-to-crystalline-iron-oxides
#11
Wei Xiao, Adele M Jones, Xiaomin Li, Richard N Collins, T David Waite
Iron (oxyhydr)oxides are widespread in natural and engineered systems, potent adsorbents of contaminants and a source of energy for iron-reducing bacteria. Microbial reduction of iron (oxyhydr)oxides results in the formation of Fe(II) which can induce the transformation of these iron minerals, typically from less crystalline to more crystalline forms, affecting the biogeochemical cycling of iron and the behaviour of any species adsorbed to the iron (oxyhydr)oxides. Factors influencing the transformation rate of the poorly crystalline iron (oxyhydr)oxide, ferrihydrite, to more crystalline forms in the presence of the iron reducing bacterium Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 are investigated under controlled laboratory conditions in this work...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201585/effects-of-iron-nanoparticles-on-iron-corroding-bacteria
#12
Kirti Ranjan Das, Savita Kerkar, Yogeeta Meena, Samir Mishra
The toxicological effects of Fe3O4 nanoparticles were evaluated with an iron-corroding bacterium (ICB) for preventing the biocorrosion of iron. Fe3O4 nanoparticles of 18 nm were successfully prepared and characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns and scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS). A halophilic ICB strain L4 was isolated from Ribandar saltpan Goa, India and identified biochemically and by 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis as Halanaerobium sp...
December 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200742/contribution-of-the-glucosinolate-fraction-to-the-overall-antioxidant-potential-cytoprotection-against-oxidative-insult-and-antimicrobial-activity-of-eruca-sativa-mill-leaves-extract
#13
Maria Fernanda Taviano, Antonietta Melchini, Angela Filocamo, Chiara Costa, Stefania Catania, Roberto Raciti, Shikha Saha, Paul Needs, Giuseppe Giovanni Bisignano, Natalizia Miceli
Background: Eruca sativa Mill. (Brassicaceae) is commonly utilized as an ingredient in salads and also as a folk remedy to treat various diseases. Objective: The objective of this study was to establish the contribution of the glucosinolate (GLS) fraction to the overall antioxidant, cytoprotection against oxidative insult and antimicrobial properties of the hydro-alcoholic extract of E. sativa leaves from Sicily (Italy), characterized phytochemically. Materials and Methods: The antioxidant activity was evaluated by different in vitro systems...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197791/roles-of-different-active-metal-reducing-bacteria-in-arsenic-release-from-arsenic-contaminated-paddy-soil-amended-with-biochar
#14
Jiang-Tao Qiao, Xiao-Min Li, Fang-Bai Li
Although biochar has great potential for heavy metal removal from sediments or soils, its impact on arsenic biogeochemistry in contaminated paddy fields remains poorly characterized. In this study, anaerobic microcosms were established with arsenic-contaminated paddy soil to investigate arsenic transformation as well as the potentially active microbial community and their transcriptional activities in the presence of biochar. The results demonstrated that biochar can simultaneously stimulate microbial reduction of As(V) and Fe(III), releasing high levels of As(III) into the soil solution relative to the control...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196871/three-cases-of-metallosis-associated-with-spine-instrumentation
#15
Reed Ayers, Mackenzie Miller, Jeffery Schowinsky, Evalina Burger, Vikas Patel, Christopher Kleck
The characteristic trait of metallosis is the presence of tissue staining. Analyzing explanted revision hardware from spine surgeries and performing ICPMS/AES analysis on removed tissue samples, a clinically relevant definition for metallosis may be developed. Results of the analysis identified hardware fretting wear and corrosion, and ICP-MS/AES analysis identified elevated metal ion concentrations in all cases. This supports the hypothesis that corrosion may be linked to poor health outcomes and potential need for revision surgery...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179122/impacts-of-water-quality-on-the-corrosion-of-cast-iron-pipes-for-water-distribution-and-proposed-source-water-switch-strategy
#16
Jun Hu, Huiyu Dong, Qiang Xu, Wencui Ling, Jiuhui Qu, Zhimin Qiang
Switch of source water may induce "red water" episodes. This study investigated the impacts of water quality on iron release, dissolved oxygen consumption (ΔDO), corrosion scale evolution and bacterial community succession in cast iron pipes used for drinking water distribution at pilot scale, and proposed a source water switch strategy accordingly. Three sets of old cast iron pipe section (named BP, SP and GP) were excavated on site and assembled in a test base, which had historically transported blended water, surface water and groundwater, respectively...
October 31, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177812/anaerobic-degradation-of-1-methylnaphthalene-by-a-member-of-the-thermoanaerobacteraceae-contained-in-an-iron-reducing-enrichment-culture
#17
Sviatlana Marozava, Housna Mouttaki, Hubert Müller, Nidal Abu Laban, Alexander J Probst, Rainer U Meckenstock
An anaerobic culture (1MN) was enriched with 1-methylnaphthalene as sole source of carbon and electrons and Fe(OH)3 as electron acceptor. 1-Naphthoic acid was produced as a metabolite during growth with 1-methylnaphthalene while 2-naphthoic acid was detected with naphthalene and 2-methylnaphthalene. This indicates that the degradation pathway of 1-methylnaphthalene might differ from naphthalene and 2-methylnaphthalene degradation in sulfate reducers. Terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism and pyrosequencing revealed that the culture is mainly composed of two bacteria related to uncultured Gram-positive Thermoanaerobacteraceae and uncultured gram-negative Desulfobulbaceae...
November 24, 2017: Biodegradation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176637/coordinated-response-of-the-desulfovibrio-desulfuricans-27774-transcriptome-to-nitrate-nitrite-and-nitric-oxide
#18
Ian T Cadby, Matthew Faulkner, Jeanne Cheneby, Justine Long, Jacques van Helden, Alain Dolla, Jeffrey A Cole
The sulfate reducing bacterium Desulfovibrio desulfuricans inhabits both the human gut and external environments. It can reduce nitrate and nitrite as alternative electron acceptors to sulfate to support growth. Like other sulphate reducing bacteria, it can also protect itself against nitrosative stress caused by NO generated when nitrite accumulates. By combining in vitro experiments with bioinformatic and RNA-seq data, metabolic responses to nitrate or NO and how nitrate and nitrite reduction are coordinated with the response to nitrosative stress were revealed...
November 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175692/interpreting-microbiologically-assisted-cracking-with-ee-ph-diagrams
#19
Tangqing Wu, Cheng Sun, Wei Ke
Although many mechanisms have been proposed to explain the microbiologically assisted cracking (MAC) of steel and copper, a theoretical interpretation is necessary. In this paper, we attempt to give a theoretical interpretation of sulfate/nitrate reducing bacteria (SRB/NRB)-assisted cracking using Ee-pH diagrams. Under the combined actions of SRB/NRB and external stress, the cell potential (Ecell) and the corrosion current density of the corrosion reaction increase, such that the corrosion reactions become more thermodynamically favorable...
November 16, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167595/seasonal-variations-in-c-n-si-ca-p-mg-s-k-fe-relationships-of-seston-from-norwegian-coastal-water-impact-of-extreme-offshore-forcing-during-winter-spring-2010
#20
Svein Rune Erga, Stig Bjarte Haugen, Gunnar Bratbak, Jorun Karin Egge, Mikal Heldal, Kjell Arne Mork, Svein Norland
The aim of this study was to reveal the relative content of C, N, Ca, Si, P, Mg, K, S and Fe in seston particles in Norwegian coastal water (NCW), and how it relates to biological and hydrographic processes during seasonal cycles from October 2009-March 2012. The following over all stoichiometric relationship for the time series was obtained: C66N11Si3.4Ca2.3P1Mg0.73S0.37K0.35Fe0.30, which is novel for marine waters. A record-breaking (187-year record) negative North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) index caused extreme physical forcing on the Norwegian Coastal Current Water (NCCW) during the winter 2009-2010, and the inflow and upwelling of saline Atlantic water (AW) in the fjord was thus extraordinary during late spring-early summer in 2010...
November 20, 2017: Marine Chemistry
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