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sulfate reducing bacteria

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628986/acetate-production-and-electron-utilization-facilitated-by-sulfate-reducing-bacteria-in-a-microbial-electrosynthesis-system
#1
Yinbo Xiang, Guangli Liu, Renduo Zhang, Yaobin Lu, Haiping Luo
The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of sulfate-reducing bacteria on performance of a mixed culture microbial electrosynthesis system (MES). The two-chamber MESs were operated under different cathode potentials (-0.5, -0.6, -0.7, and -0.8V) with or without addition of 6mM sulfate. At -0.7V, acetate production and electrons harvesting in the MES with the sulfate addition were 31.81mM and 5152C, respectively, which improved by 2.7 and 2.4times compared to that without sulfate. With sulfate, the biomass, proportion of live cells, and electrochemical activity of cathode biofilm were enhanced at all the potentials...
June 14, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620357/the-effectiveness-of-nitrate-mediated-control-of-the-oil-field-sulfur-cycle-depends-on-the-toluene-content-of-the-oil
#2
Navreet Suri, Johanna Voordouw, Gerrit Voordouw
The injection of nitrate is one of the most commonly used technologies to impact the sulfur cycle in subsurface oil fields. Nitrate injection enhances the activity of nitrate-reducing bacteria, which produce nitrite inhibiting sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB). Subsequent reduction of nitrate to di-nitrogen (N2) alleviates the inhibition of SRB by nitrite. It has been shown for the Medicine Hat Glauconitic C (MHGC) field, that alkylbenzenes especially toluene are important electron donors for the reduction of nitrate to nitrite and N2...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611751/cable-bacteria-and-the-bioelectrochemical-snorkel-the-natural-and-engineered-facets-playing-a-role-in-hydrocarbons-degradation-in-marine-sediments
#3
Bruna Matturro, Carolina Cruz Viggi, Federico Aulenta, Simona Rossetti
The composition and metabolic traits of the microbial communities acting in an innovative bioelectrochemical system were here investigated. The system, known as Oil Spill Snorkel, was recently developed to stimulate the oxidative biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbons in anoxic marine sediments. Next Generation Sequencing was used to describe the microbiome of the bulk sediment and of the biofilm growing attached to the surface of the electrode. The analysis revealed that sulfur cycling primarily drives the microbial metabolic activities occurring in the bioelectrochemical system...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611734/influence-of-phosphorus-and-cell-geometry-on-the-fractionation-of-sulfur-isotopes-by-several-species-of-desulfovibrio-during-microbial-sulfate-reduction
#4
Shikma Zaarur, David T Wang, Shuhei Ono, Tanja Bosak
We investigated the influence of organic substrates and phosphate concentration on the rates of dissimilatory microbial sulfate reduction and the (34)S/(32)S isotopic fractionation produced by several Desulfovibrio species. Our experiments corroborate the previously reported species-specific correlation between sulfur isotope fractionation and cell-specific sulfate reduction rates. We also identify cell size as a key factor that contributes to the species-effect of this correlation. Phosphate limitation results in larger cells and contributes to a small decrease in sulfur isotope fractionation concomitant with an apparent increase in cell-specific sulfate reduction rates...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597336/design-features-of-offshore-oil-production-platforms-influence-their-susceptibility-to-biocorrosion
#5
Kathleen E Duncan, Irene A Davidova, Heather S Nunn, Blake W Stamps, Bradley S Stevenson, Pierre J Souquet, Joseph M Suflita
Offshore oil-producing platforms are designed for efficient and cost-effective separation of oil from water. However, design features and operating practices may create conditions that promote the proliferation and spread of biocorrosive microorganisms. The microbial communities and their potential for metal corrosion were characterized for three oil production platforms that varied in their oil-water separation processes, fluid recycling practices, and history of microbially influenced corrosion (MIC). Microbial diversity was evaluated by 16S rRNA gene sequencing, and numbers of total bacteria, archaea, and sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) were estimated by qPCR...
June 8, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592226/removal-of-sulfate-and-heavy-metals-by-sulfate-reducing-bacteria-in-an-expanded-granular-sludge-bed-reactor
#6
Zhuxiang Liu, Lihua Li, Zhaoyang Li, Xiangrong Tian
The objective of this study is to utilize an expanded granular sludge bed reactor for removing heavy metals and sulfate from synthetic acid-mine drainage (AMD) using sewage sludge fermentation centrate as the substrate. The reactor was bioaugmented with an enriched consortium of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB). The bioreactor performance was studied with different chemical oxygen demand [Formula: see text] ratios, liquid upflow velocity (Vup), hydraulic retention time (HRT) and influent pH. The highest COD, sulfate and heavy metal removal efficiencies were achieved at a [Formula: see text] ratio of 1...
June 20, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574200/conversion-of-cis-2-carboxycyclohexylacetyl-coa-in-the-downstream-pathway-of-anaerobic-naphthalene-degradation
#7
Philip Weyrauch, Andrey V Zaytsev, Susanne Stephan, Lena Kocks, Oliver J Schmitz, Bernard T Golding, Rainer U Meckenstock
The cyclohexane derivative cis-2-(carboxymethyl)cyclohexane-1-carboxylic acid [(1R,2R)-/(1S,2S)-2-(carboxymethyl)cyclohexane-1-carboxylic acid] has previously been identified as metabolite in the pathway of anaerobic degradation of naphthalene by sulfate-reducing bacteria. We tested the corresponding CoA esters of isomers and analogues of this compound for conversion in cell free extracts of the anaerobic naphthalene degraders Desulfobacterium strain N47 and Deltaproteobacterium strain NaphS2. Conversion was only observed for the cis-isomer, verifying that this is a true intermediate and not a dead-end product...
June 2, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571925/reprint-of-contribution-of-enrichments-and-resampling-for-sulfate-reducing-bacteria-diversity-assessment-by-high-throughput-cultivation
#8
Yannick Colin, Marisol Goñi-Urriza, Pierre Caumette, Rémy Guyoneaud
The development of new high-throughput cultivation methods aims to increase the isolation efficiency as compared to standard techniques that often require enrichment procedures to compensate the low microbial recovery. In the current study, estuarine sulfate-reducing bacteria were isolated using an anaerobic isolation procedure in 384-well microplates. Ninety-nine strains were recovered from initial sediments. Isolates were identified according to their partial 16S rRNA sequences and clustered into 13 phylotypes...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560604/anthropogenic-protection-alters-the-microbiome-in-intertidal-mangrove-wetlands-in-hainan-island
#9
Juanli Yun, Yongcui Deng, Hongxun Zhang
Intertidal mangrove wetlands are of great economic and ecological importance. The regular influence of tides has led to the microbial communities in these wetlands differing significantly from those in other habitats. In this study, we investigated the microbiomes of the two largest mangrove wetlands in Hainan Island, China, which have different levels of anthropogenic protection. Soil samples were collected from the root zone of 13 mangrove species. The microbial composition, including key functional groups, was assessed using Illumina sequencing...
May 30, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550595/clinical-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-colistin
#10
REVIEW
Nicolas Grégoire, Vincent Aranzana-Climent, Sophie Magréault, Sandrine Marchand, William Couet
In this review, we provide an updated summary on colistin pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Colistin is an old molecule that is frequently used as last-line treatment for infections caused by multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria. Colistin is a decapeptide administered either as a prodrug, colistin methanesulfonate (CMS), when used intravenously, or as colistin sulfate when used orally. Because colistin binds to laboratory materials, many experimental issues are raised and studies on colistin can be tricky...
May 26, 2017: Clinical Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548659/metatranscriptomic-analysis-of-prokaryotic-communities-active-in-sulfur-and-arsenic-cycling-in-mono-lake-california-usa
#11
Christian F Edwardson, James T Hollibaugh
This study evaluates the transcriptionally active, dissimilatory sulfur- and arsenic-cycling components of the microbial community in alkaline, hypersaline Mono Lake, CA, USA. We sampled five depths spanning the redox gradient (10, 15, 18, 25 and 31 m) during maximum thermal stratification. We used custom databases to identify transcripts of genes encoding complex iron-sulfur molybdoenzyme (CISM) proteins, with a focus on arsenic (arrA, aioA and arxA) and sulfur cycling (dsrA, aprA and soxB), and assigned them to taxonomic bins...
May 26, 2017: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533768/novel-large-sulfur-bacteria-in-the-metagenomes-of-groundwater-fed-chemosynthetic-microbial-mats-in-the-lake-huron-basin
#12
Allison M Sharrar, Beverly E Flood, Jake V Bailey, Daniel S Jones, Bopaiah A Biddanda, Steven A Ruberg, Daniel N Marcus, Gregory J Dick
Little is known about large sulfur bacteria (LSB) that inhabit sulfidic groundwater seeps in large lakes. To examine how geochemically relevant microbial metabolisms are partitioned among community members, we conducted metagenomic analysis of a chemosynthetic microbial mat in the Isolated Sinkhole, which is in a deep, aphotic environment of Lake Huron. For comparison, we also analyzed a white mat in an artesian fountain that is fed by groundwater similar to Isolated Sinkhole, but that sits in shallow water and is exposed to sunlight...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529500/co-existence-of-methanogenesis-and-sulfate-reduction-with-common-substrates-in-sulfate-rich-estuarine-sediments
#13
Michal Sela-Adler, Zeev Ronen, Barak Herut, Gilad Antler, Hanni Vigderovich, Werner Eckert, Orit Sivan
The competition between sulfate reducing bacteria and methanogens over common substrates has been proposed as a critical control for methane production. In this study, we examined the co-existence of methanogenesis and sulfate reduction with shared substrates over a large range of sulfate concentrations and rates of sulfate reduction in estuarine systems, where these processes are the key terminal sink for organic carbon. Incubation experiments were carried out with sediment samples from the sulfate-methane transition zone of the Yarqon (Israel) estuary with different substrates and inhibitors along a sulfate concentrations gradient from 1 to 10 mM...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521206/decontamination-of-multiple-heavy-metals-containing-effluents-through-microbial-biotechnology
#14
Minxi Wu, Jingjing Liang, Jie Tang, Guang Li, Shiping Shan, Zhaohui Guo, Le Deng
To decontaminate heavy metal-containing waste water, a microbial biotechnology was developed by using the synergy between Sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB), Bacillus cereus (B. cereus) and Camellia oleifera cake (COC). In this process the COC degradation assisted by B.cereus, created an anoxic environment and provided energy and nutrition for SRB. Both of B. cereus and SRB played significant roles through biosorption, bioaccumulation and biosurfactant production. Meanwhile, a flotation technology commonly used in many effluent treatments has been led into this system for increasing the efficiency as well...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520899/increased-urinary-trimethylamine-n-oxide-tmao-following-cryptosporidium-infection-and-protein-malnutrition-independent-of-microbiome-effects
#15
D T Bolick, J Mayneris-Perxachs, G L Medlock, G L Kolling, J Papin, J R Swann, R L Guerrant
Cryptosporidium infections have been associated with growth stunting even in the absence of diarrhea. Having previously detailed the effects of protein deficiency on both microbiome and metabolome in this model, we now describe the specific gut microbial and biochemical effects of Cryptosporidium infection. Protein deficient mice were infected with Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts for 6-13 days and compared to uninfected controls. Following infection there was an increase in the urinary excretion of choline- and amino acid-derived metabolites...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520474/survival-of-deinococcus-geothermalis-in-biofilms-under-desiccation-and-simulated-space-and-martian-conditions
#16
Jan Frösler, Corinna Panitz, Jost Wingender, Hans-Curt Flemming, Petra Rettberg
Biofilm formation represents a successful survival strategy for bacteria. In biofilms, cells are embedded in a matrix of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS). As they are often more stress-tolerant than single cells, biofilm cells might survive the conditions present in space and on Mars. To investigate this topic, the bacterium Deinococcus geothermalis was chosen as a model organism due to its tolerance toward desiccation and radiation. Biofilms cultivated on membranes and, for comparison, planktonically grown cells deposited on membranes were air-dried and exposed to individual stressors that included prolonged desiccation, extreme temperatures, vacuum, simulated martian atmosphere, and UV irradiation, and they were exposed to combinations of stressors that simulate space (desiccation + vacuum + UV) or martian (desiccation + Mars atmosphere + UV) conditions...
May 2017: Astrobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503173/microbial-community-response-to-simulated-petroleum-seepage-in-caspian-sea-sediments
#17
Marion H Stagars, Sonakshi Mishra, Tina Treude, Rudolf Amann, Katrin Knittel
Anaerobic microbial hydrocarbon degradation is a major biogeochemical process at marine seeps. Here we studied the response of the microbial community to petroleum seepage simulated for 190 days in a sediment core from the Caspian Sea using a sediment-oil-flow-through (SOFT) system. Untreated (without simulated petroleum seepage) and SOFT sediment microbial communities shared 43% bacterial genus-level 16S rRNA-based operational taxonomic units (OTU0.945) but shared only 23% archaeal OTU0.945. The community differed significantly between sediment layers...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487680/diversity-of-metabolically-active-bacteria-in-water-flooded-high-temperature-heavy-oil-reservoir
#18
Tamara N Nazina, Natalya M Shestakova, Ekaterina M Semenova, Alena V Korshunova, Nadezda K Kostrukova, Tatiana P Tourova, Liu Min, Qingxian Feng, Andrey B Poltaraus
The goal of this work was to study the overall genomic diversity of microorganisms of the Dagang high-temperature oilfield (PRC) and to characterize the metabolically active fraction of these populations. At this water-flooded oilfield, the microbial community of formation water from the near-bottom zone of an injection well where the most active microbial processes of oil degradation occur was investigated using molecular, cultural, radiotracer, and physicochemical techniques. The samples of microbial DNA and RNA from back-flushed water were used to obtain the clone libraries for the 16S rRNA gene and cDNA of 16S rRNA, respectively...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484799/distribution-of-anaerobic-hydrocarbon-degrading-bacteria-in-soils-from-king-george-island-maritime-antarctica
#19
Dayanna Souza Sampaio, Juliana Rodrigues Barboza Almeida, Hugo E de Jesus, Alexandre S Rosado, Lucy Seldin, Diogo Jurelevicius
Anaerobic diesel fuel Arctic (DFA) degradation has already been demonstrated in Antarctic soils. However, studies comparing the distribution of anaerobic bacterial groups and of anaerobic hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria in Antarctic soils containing different concentrations of DFA are scarce. In this study, functional genes were used to study the diversity and distribution of anaerobic hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria (bamA, assA, and bssA) and of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB-apsR) in highly, intermediate, and non-DFA-contaminated soils collected during the summers of 2009, 2010, and 2011 from King George Island, Antarctica...
May 8, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482103/prevention-of-escherichia-coli-infection-in-broiler-chickens-with-lactobacillus-plantarum-b1
#20
S Wang, Q Peng, H M Jia, X F Zeng, J L Zhu, C L Hou, X T Liu, F J Yang, S Y Qiao
Two studies were performed to assess the efficacy of Lactobacillus plantarum B1 in prevention of pathogenic Escherichia coli K88 gastrointestinal infection in broilers. In an in vitro study, L. plantarum B1 showed resistance to acid and bile and inhibited the growth of E. coli K88. Additionally, L. plantarum B1 exhibited high ability to adhere to broiler embryo ileal epithelium. In an animal trial, 240 broilers at 1 d of age were randomly assigned to one of 4 treatment arms: negative control (NC) broilers fed a basal diet and not challenged; positive control (PC) broilers fed a basal diet and challenged with E...
May 6, 2017: Poultry Science
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