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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128651/design-and-rationale-of-the-medical-students-learning-weight-management-counseling-skills-msweight-group-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Judith K Ockene, Karen M Ashe, Rashelle B Hayes, Linda C Churchill, Sybil L Crawford, Alan C Geller, Denise Jolicoeur, Barbara C Olendzki, Maria Theresa Basco, Jyothi A Pendharkar, Kristi J Ferguson, Thomas P Guck, Katherine L Margo, Catherine A Okuliar, Monica A Shaw, Taraneh Soleymani, Diane D Stadler, Sarita S Warrier, Lori Pbert
Physicians have an important role addressing the obesity epidemic. Lack of adequate teaching to provide weight management counseling (WMC) is cited as a reason for limited treatment. National guidelines have not been translated into an evidence-supported, competency-based curriculum in medical schools. Weight Management Counseling in Medical Schools: A Randomized Controlled Trial (MSWeight) is designed to determine if a multi-modal theoretically-guided WMC educational intervention improves observed counseling skills and secondarily improve perceived skills and self-efficacy among medical students compared to traditional education (TE)...
November 8, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114928/a-new-substitute-for-formalin-application-to-embalming-cadavers
#2
Yoshinori Haizuka, Miki Nagase, Satoshi Takashino, Yasushi Kobayashi, Yoshihisa Fujikura, George Matsumura
The development of formalin-free fixatives is an urgent issue in gross anatomy because of the health hazard and the tissue-hardening actions of formalin. We recently identified the fixative, antimicrobial, and preservative effects of N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone (NVP), a precursor of the water-soluble macromolecular polymer polyvinylpyrrolidone, in animal experiments. The aim of the present study is to investigate whether NVP solution can be used as an alternative to formalin in human cadaveric dissection. Twelve donated cadavers were infused with NVP via the femoral and common carotid arteries using a peristaltic pump...
November 7, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114342/guyana-s-paediatric-training-program-a-global-health-partnership-for-medical-education
#3
Lita Cameron, Julie C Johnstone, Arnelle Sparman, Leif D Nelin, Narendra C Singh, Andrea Hunter
Guyana is a low-middle income country on the northern coast of South America between Venezuela and Suriname. Guyana has relatively high child mortality and a notable gap in health care provision. As of 2011, there were no paediatricians in the public sector where approximately 90% of the population seek care. In response to this unmet need, Guyanese diaspora living in Canada, in partnership with Canadian paediatricians and the main teaching hospital, Georgetown Public Hospital Corporation (GPHC), developed a Master's program in paediatrics...
April 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110398/teaching-targeted-drug-discovery-and-development-to-healthcare-professionals
#4
Renee Fruchter, Meleha Ahmad, Michael Pillinger, Claudia Galeano, Bruce N Cronstein, Gabrielle Gold-von Simson
Drug discovery and development (DDD) is an interdisciplinary enterprise that spans the translational continuum. Despite DDD's importance, formal training within medical and biomedical schools is lacking. In this tutorial, we outline the current educational landscape in DDD and the growing educational need in this area. Lastly, we describe the Health Innovations and Therapeutics concentration as an example of how to design and implement an educational program in DDD. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved...
November 7, 2017: Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106668/usim-a-new-device-and-app-for-case-specific-intraoperative-ultrasound-simulation-and-rehearsal-in-neurosurgery-a-preliminary-study
#5
Alessandro Perin, Francesco Ugo Prada, Michela Moraldo, Andrea Schiappacasse, Tommaso Francesco Galbiati, Enrico Gambatesa, Piergiorgio d'Orio, Nicole Irene Riker, Curzio Basso, Matteo Santoro, Torstein Ragnar Meling, Karl Schaller, Francesco DiMeco
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative ultrasound (iUS) is an excellent aid for neurosurgeons to perform better and safer operations thanks to real time, continuous, and high-quality intraoperative visualization. OBJECTIVE: To develop an innovative training method to teach how to perform iUS in neurosurgery. METHODS: Patients undergoing surgery for different brain or spine lesions were iUS scanned (before opening the dura) in order to arrange a collection of 3-dimensional, US images; this set of data was matched and paired to preoperatively acquired magnetic resonance images in order to create a library of neurosurgical cases to be studied offline for training and rehearsal purposes...
June 29, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101075/development-of-patient-spesific-3d-printed-dural-venous-models-for-preoperative-planning
#6
Figen Govsa, Asli Beril Karakas, Mehmet Asim Ozer, Cenk Eraslan
BACKGROUND: Despite significant improvement in clinical care, operative strategies, and technology, neurosurgery is still risky, and optimal preoperative planning and anatomical assessment are necessary to minimize risks of serious complications. Our purpose is to document of dural venous sinuses (DVS) and its variations were identified during routine 3D venography created through three dimensional (3D) models for teaching and learning of complex cerebral anatomy. METHODS: 3D models of the DVS networks were printed...
October 31, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095335/teaching-home-based-primary-care
#7
Jennifer M Reckrey, Katherine A Ornstein, Ania Wajnberg, M Victoria Kopke, Linda V DeCherrie
Despite the growing homebound population and the development of innovative models of care that work to bring care to people in their homes, home visits are not a routine part of education for many healthcare providers. This manuscript describes the experience of Mount Sinai Visiting Doctors teaching home-based primary care to learners of various disciplines and reports the results of a survey performed to assess trainee experience. Mount Sinai Visiting Doctors is the largest academic home-based primary care program in the country and trainees of various disciplines have nearly 1,700 contact days annually of directly supervised clinical teaching...
November 2017: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091241/teaching-strategies-to-increase-nursing-student-acceptance-and-management-of-unconscious-bias
#8
Paula L Schultz, Janet Baker
BACKGROUND: Medical providers' unconscious biases may contribute to health disparities. Awareness and self-reflection strategies commonly used to teach cultural competence in academic settings are generally ineffective in reducing unconscious bias or motivating change. METHOD: This article describes the innovative teaching strategies implemented in a graduate setting (N = 75) to increase nursing learners' acceptance and management of unconscious bias. Strategies used guided the debriefing and feedback that incorporated implicit association testing, interactive audience polling, categorized management strategies, and perspective taking...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091240/learning-about-end-of-life-care-in-nursing-a-global-classroom-educational-innovation
#9
Cara Bailey, Alistair Hewison, Shelly Orr, Marianne Baernholdt
BACKGROUND: Teaching nursing students how to provide patient-centered end-of-life care is important and challenging. As traditional face-to-face classroom teaching is increasingly supplanted by digital technology, this provides opportunities for developing new forms of end-of-life care education. The aim of this article is to examine how a global classroom was developed using online technology to enhance nursing students' learning of end-of-life care in England and the United States. METHOD: The PDSA (Plan-Do-Study-Act) quality improvement approach was used to guide the design and delivery of this curriculum innovation...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091127/basic-life-support-evaluation-of-learning-using-simulation-and-immediate-feedback-devices1
#10
Lucia Tobase, Heloisa Helena Ciqueto Peres, Edenir Aparecida Sartorelli Tomazini, Simone Valentim Teodoro, Meire Bruna Ramos, Thatiane Facholi Polastri
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate students' learning in an online course on basic life support with immediate feedback devices, during a simulation of care during cardiorespiratory arrest. METHOD: a quasi-experimental study, using a before-and-after design. An online course on basic life support was developed and administered to participants, as an educational intervention. Theoretical learning was evaluated by means of a pre- and post-test and, to verify the practice, simulation with immediate feedback devices was used...
October 30, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084028/students-perception-of-technology-use-in-nursing-education
#11
Kathleen M Williamson, Janelle Muckle
Technology is an integral part of a nurse's practice; therefore, it is necessary for technology to be integrated into the nursing curriculum for students. Nursing schools are shifting paradigms by integrating technology into the teaching environment to foster active and meaningful learning experiences. Factors related to external influences on individual beliefs, attitudes, and intention to use need to be studied so nurse educators can support the integration of technology into pedagogy. The Technology Acceptance Model was used to evaluate student perceptions of usefulness and ease of use of technology, while matriculated in a baccalaureate level nursing program...
October 28, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078606/depicting-surgical-anatomy-of-the-porta-hepatis-in-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#12
Paul Kelly, Albert Fung, Joy Qu, Paul Greig, Gordon Tait, Jodie Jenkinson, Ian McGilvray, Anne Agur
Visualizing the complex anatomy of vascular and biliary structures of the liver on a case-by-case basis has been challenging. A living donor liver transplant (LDLT) right hepatectomy case, with focus on the porta hepatis, was used to demonstrate an innovative method to visualize anatomy with the purpose of refining preoperative planning and teaching of complex surgical procedures. The production of an animation-enhanced video consisted of many stages including the integration of pre-surgical planning; case-specific footage and 3D models of the liver and associated vasculature, reconstructed from contrast-enhanced CTs...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075051/a-trauma-doctor-s-practice-in-nineteenth-century-china-the-medical-cases-of-hu-tingguang
#13
Yi-Li Wu
This paper analyses the medical activities of Hu Tingguang, an early nineteenth-century Chinese healer who specialized in treating traumatic injuries. Hu aimed to improve the state of medical knowledge about injuries by writing a comprehensive treatise titled Compilation of Teachings on Traumatology, completed in 1815. This work notably included a set of medical cases describing the experiences of Hu and his father, which Hu used to teach readers how to employ and adapt different therapies: bone setting, petty surgery, and drugs...
May 1, 2017: Social History of Medicine: the Journal of the Society for the Social History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068819/an-innovative-shared-decision-making-curriculum-for-internal-medicine-residents-findings-from-the-university-of-pittsburgh-medical-center
#14
Jennifer Rusiecki, Jane Schell, Scott Rothenberger, Sarah Merriam, Melissa McNeil, Carla Spagnoletti
PURPOSE: Shared decision making (SDM) is a core competency in health policy and guidelines. Most U.S. internal medicine residencies lack an SDM education curriculum. A standardized patient (SP)-based curriculum teaching key concepts and skills of SDM was developed. METHOD: This curriculum consisted of an innovative seven-step SDM model and a skills-focused SP case, integrated into the ambulatory rotation for senior medicine residents at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center in 2015...
October 24, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066603/reminiscing-about-jan-evangelista-purkinje-a-pioneer-of-modern-experimental-physiology
#15
Icilio Cavero, Jean-Michel Guillon, Henry H Holzgrefe
This article reminisces about the life and key scientific achievements of Jan Evangelista Purkinje (1787-1869), a versatile 19th century Czech pioneer of modern experimental physiology. In 1804, after completing senior high school, Purkinje joined the Piarist monk order, but, after a 3-yr novitiate, he gave up the religious calling "to deal more freely with science." In 1818, he earned a Medical Doctor degree from Prague University by defending a dissertation on intraocular phenomena observed in oneself. In 1823, Purkinje became a Physiology and Pathology professor at the Prussian Medical University in Breslau, where he innovated the traditional teaching methods of physiology...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065813/enter-as-an-outsider-teaching-organizational-humility
#16
John F Clabby
The concept of cultural humility acknowledges the enormous task of becoming culturally competent by encouraging curiosity about the context within which others live. For physicians, this includes curiosity about the organizations in which they work as Outsiders in settings such as a new hospital or patients' homes. However, efforts to train healthcare professionals in cultural competence are often de-emphasized due to the pressure learners feel to acquire Medical Knowledge and clinical skills. Little time is devoted to address the significance of cultural humility for fully appreciating the experiences of others...
May 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061155/building-capacity-for-medical-education-research-in-family-medicine-the-program-for-innovation-in-medical-education-pime
#17
Douglas Archibald, William Hogg, Jacques Lemelin, Simone Dahrouge, Mireille St Jean, Fran├žois Boucher
BACKGROUND: Despite the apparent benefits to teaching, many faculty members are reluctant to participate in medical education research (MER) for a variety of reasons. In addition to the further demand on their time, physicians often lack the confidence to initiate MER projects and require more support in the form of funding, structure and guidance. These obstacles have contributed to a decline in physician participation in MER as well as to a perceived decay in its quality. As a countermeasure to encourage physicians to undertake research, the Department of Family Medicine at the University of Ottawa implemented a programme in which physicians receive the funding, coaching and support staff necessary to complete a 2-year research project...
October 23, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058509/assessing-an-intervention-focused-on-enhancing-interpersonal-communication-skills-and-humor-a-multi-method-quasi-experiential-study-among-medical-students
#18
Orit Karnieli-Miller, Keren Michael, Oz Segal, Aharon Steinberger
Teaching and applying interpersonal communication skills (ICS) and humor in medicine is challenging. The present study assessed an innovative course focused on enhancing ICS and humor based on the Four Habits Model and theater concepts. Medical students enrolled in the course (the study group) were assessed pre- and post-intervention, as well as compared with their peers (the control group) using quantitative methods to measure attitudes, self-efficacy, and behaviors. Qualitative methods were used to learn about students' change in perceptions related to ICS and humor following the course, as well as their experiences of developing these skills during the course...
October 23, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054102/supporting-faculty-during-pedagogical-change-through-reflective-teaching-practice-an-innovative-approach
#19
Deborah K Armstrong, Marilyn E Asselin
Given the recent calls for transformation of nursing education, it is critical that faculty be reflective educators. Reflective teaching practice is a process of self-examination and self-evaluation to gain insight into teaching to improve the teaching-learning experience. Limited attention has been given to this notion in the nursing education literature. An innovative reflective teaching practice approach for nursing education is proposed, consisting of question cues, journaling, and a process of facilitated meetings...
November 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053530/innovative-teaching-for-undergraduate-nursing-students-through-mastery-modeling
#20
Kathleen A Gordon, Kelly E Carmany, Janet R Baker, Laura M Goliat
Mastery modeling was implemented to support the transfer of classroom diabetes content to the clinical area. Interactive teaching methodologies that exemplified mastery modeling included scripted classroom video and vignettes, simulation-based learning experiences, and a worksheet relating to diabetes-specific groups to use in the clinical setting. When mastery modeling teaching methodologies were implemented, transfer of knowledge through clinical reasoning was noted at a higher level for the diabetes-specific groups over the standard groups...
October 20, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
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