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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523082/three-dimensional-printing-custom-made-implants-for-craniomaxillofacial-reconstructive-surgery
#1
REVIEW
Mariana Matias, Horácio Zenha, Horácio Costa
Craniomaxillofacial reconstructive surgery is a challenging field. First it aims to restore primary functions and second to preserve craniofacial anatomical features like symmetry and harmony. Three-dimensional (3D) printed biomodels have been widely adopted in medical fields by providing tactile feedback and a superior appreciation of visuospatial relationship between anatomical structures. Craniomaxillofacial reconstructive surgery was one of the first areas to implement 3D printing technology in their practice...
June 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509657/the-palliative-care-challenge-analysis-of-barriers-and-opportunities-to-integrate-palliative-care-in-europe-in-the-view-of-national-associations
#2
Carlos Centeno, Eduardo Garralda, José Miguel Carrasco, Marlieke den Herder-van der Eerden, Melissa Aldridge, David Stevenson, Diane E Meier, Jeroen Hasselaar
BACKGROUND: Palliative care (PC) development is diverse and lacks an effective integration into European healthcare systems. This article investigates levels of integrated PC in European countries. METHODS: A qualitative survey was undertaken for the 2013 EAPC Atlas of PC in Europe with boards of national associations, eliciting opinions on opportunities for, and barriers to, PC development. ANALYSIS: Barriers and opportunities directly related to PC integration were identified and analyzed thematically according (1) to the dimensions of the World Health Organization (WHO) public health model and (2) by the degree of service provision in each country...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508742/caep-2016-academic-symposium-how-to-have-an-impact-as-an-emergency-medicine-educator-and-scholar
#3
Jason R Frank, Warren J Cheung, Jonathan Sherbino, Robert Primavesi, Robert A Woods, Glen Bandiera, Constance LeBlanc
BACKGROUND: In a time of major medical education transformation, emergency medicine (EM) needs to nurture education scholars who will influence EM education practice. However, the essential ingredients to ensure a career with impact in EM education are not clear. OBJECTIVE: To describe how to prepare EM educators for a high-impact career. METHODS: The Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians (CAEP) Academic Section commissioned an "Education Impact" working group (IWG) to guide the creation of consensus recommendations from the EM community...
May 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506377/beyond-the-pgy-1-community-pharmacy-residency-characterizing-career-pathways-of-residency-graduates
#4
Monet M Stanford, Sarah M Oprinovich, Margie E Snyder
OBJECTIVE: To characterize positions obtained upon graduation from Community Pharmacy Residency Programs (CPRPs). DESIGN: Descriptive nonexperimental study; online cross-sectional survey. SETTING: United States, February to April 2016. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred thirty-three community pharmacy residency program alumni. INTERVENTION: CPRP alumni identified by past program directors were surveyed using 3 contact attempts...
May 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496378/ethnopsychiatry-fosters-creativity-and-the-adoption-of-critical-and-reflexive-thinking-in-higher-education-students-insights-from-a-qualitative-analysis-of-a-preliminary-pilot-experience-at-the-faculty-of-medicine-and-surgery-university-of-genoa-italy
#5
Anna Siri, Giovanni Del Puente, Mariano Martini, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
Creativity is an ability that plays a major role in the modern economy and society. It should represent an important component of the medical syllabus. However, it is often overlooked by the formal courses at universities. The current study aimed at evaluating whether the interactive educational models, recently adopted by the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, at the University of Genoa, Italy, would favor the adoption of critical thinking, attitudes to changes, cultural diversity acceptance, and the adoption of relational soft skills versus traditional and frontal didactic teaching...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487274/simplification-of-genotyping-techniques-of-the-abo-blood-type-experiment-and-exploration-of-population-genetics
#6
Hu Jian, Zhou Yiren, Ding Jialin, Wang Zhiyuan, Liu Ling, Wang Yekai, Lou Huiling, Qiao Shouyi, Wu Yanhua
The ABO blood type is one of the most common and widely used genetic traits in humans. Three glycosyltransferase-encoding gene alleles, I(A), I(B) and i, produce three red blood cell surface antigens, by which the ABO blood type is classified. By using the ABO blood type experiment as an ideal case for genetics teaching, we can easily introduce to the students several genetic concepts, including multiple alleles, gene interaction, single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and gene evolution. Herein we have innovated and integrated our ABO blood type genetics experiments...
May 20, 2017: Yi Chuan, Hereditas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485103/evaluating-a-novel-resident-role-modelling-programme
#7
Robert Sternszus, Yvonne Steinert, Farhan Bhanji, Sero Andonian, Linda S Snell
BACKGROUND: Role modelling is a fundamental method by which students learn from residents. To our knowledge, however, resident-as-teacher curricula have not explicitly addressed resident role modelling. The purpose of this project was to design, implement and evaluate an innovative programme to teach residents about role modelling. METHODS: The authors designed a resident role-modelling programme and incorporated it into the 2015 and 2016 McGill University resident-as-teacher curriculum...
May 9, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485102/a-web-based-peer-feedback-tool-for-physical-examination
#8
Ryan Luther, Lisa Richardson
BACKGROUND: Medical students do not have many formal opportunities to practise physical examinations during their pre-clerkship years. Consequently, they often practise their examination skills with peers outside of formal teaching sessions. There are also few opportunities for observation and feedback on their skills in this area. CONTEXT: The undergraduate medical programme at the University of Toronto is a 4-year programme where students learn clinical skills in the first 2 years prior to beginning clinical rotations...
May 9, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484694/developing-a-sustainable-need-based-pediatric-acute-care-training-curriculum-in-solomon-islands
#9
Daniel Ta Yo Yu, Jason T Gillon, Raymond Dickson, Karen A Schneider, Martha W Stevens
BACKGROUND: The Johns Hopkins Hospital Pediatric Emergency Department (PED) was invited to collaborate with the National Referral Hospital (NRH), Solomon Islands, to establish an acute care pediatric education program for the country's inaugural class of national medical graduate trainees. OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate a sustainable, need-based post-graduate training curriculum in pediatric acute care, resuscitation, and point-of-care ultrasound. METHODS: A need-based training curriculum was developed utilizing the ADDIE model and was implemented and revised over the course of 2 years and two site visits...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482943/teaching-an-old-material-new-tricks-easy-and-inexpensive-focused-ion-beam-fib-sample-protection-using-conductive-polymers
#10
Joshua A Taillon, Valery Ray, Lourdes G Salamanca-Riba
This letter describes an innovative spin-coating system, built from off-the-shelf components, that can easily and inexpensively be integrated into any laboratory environment. Combined with a liquid suspension of conductive polymer, such a "rotary coater" enables simple coating of planar samples to create a physical protective barrier on the sample surface. This barrier aids in charge dissipation during scanning electron microscope and focused ion beam (FIB) imaging and provides wide-scale protection of the sample surface from ion bombardment during FIB imaging and gas-assisted deposition...
May 9, 2017: Microscopy and Microanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479787/indigenous-inexpensive-practice-models-for-skill-development-in-neuroendoscopy
#11
Jitin Bajaj, Yad Ram Yadav, Anurag Pateriya, Vijay Parihar, Shailendra Ratre, Amitesh Dubey
INTRODUCTION: Neurosurgery is a branch having a tough learning curve. Residents generally get very less hands-on exposure for advanced procedures like neuroendoscopy. With the limited number of cadavers available and ethical issues associated with animal models, practice models, and simulators are becoming the able alternative. Most of these simulators are very costly. We tried to build indigenous inexpensive practice models that can help in developing most of the skills of neuroendoscopy...
April 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472740/critical-thinking-skills-in-midwifery-practice-development-of-a-self-assessment-tool-for-students
#12
Amanda G Carter, Debra K Creedy, Mary Sidebotham
OBJECTIVE: Develop and test a tool designed for use by pre-registration midwifery students to self-appraise their critical thinking in practice. DESIGN: A descriptive cohort design was used. PARTICIPANTS: All students (n=164) enrolled in a three-year Bachelor of Midwifery program in Queensland, Australia. METHODS: The staged model for tool development involved item generation, mapping draft items to critical thinking concepts and expert review to test content validity, pilot testing of the tool to a convenience sample of students, and psychometric testing...
April 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469709/a-qualitative-evaluation-of-scalpel-skill-teaching-of-podiatry-students
#13
Ryan S Causby, Michelle N McDonnell, Lloyd Reed, Caroline E Fryer, Susan L Hillier
BACKGROUND: Degrees in health disciplines need a balance of theoretical knowledge and sufficient clinical practice to meet registration requirements, in particular those requiring specialist skills such as the use of scalpels and other small instruments, such as podiatry. However, despite this requirement there is a scarcity of literature and research to inform teaching of these particular manual clinical skills. Therefore, the aims of this study were to determine the current approaches being used to teach manual skills, in particular scalpel skills, in university podiatry programs in Australia and New Zealand, and to explore what issues, challenges and innovations exist...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465274/gerard-blaes-blasius-1627-1682-the-dutch-physician-and-chemist-his-work-and-his-description-of-the-spinal-cord
#14
REVIEW
Konstantinos Markatos, Konstantinos Laios, Demetrios Korres, Anna Tzivra, Spyridon Tsoutsos, Georgios Androutsos
The purpose of this historical review is to summarize the work of the Dutch physician, chemist and anatomist Gerard Blaes (Blasius). A detailed account of his life and work is presented with emphasis on his contribution to anatomy. In particular, special reference is made to his innovative description of the spinal cord and spinal nerves. The contribution of Gerard Blasius to neuroanatomy was remarkable when taking into account the limited technology and lack of modern devices of his era. As a true man of his era, he had a significant contribution in research and teaching of anatomy, botany and chemistry...
April 29, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462422/a-new-approach-to-teaching-biomechanics-through-active-adaptive-and-experiential-learning
#15
Anita Singh
Demand of biomedical engineers is rising exponentially to meet the needs of healthcare industry. Current training of bioengineers follows the traditional and dominant model of theory-focused curricula. However, the unmet needs of the healthcare industry warrant newer skill sets in these engineers where translational training strategies such as solving real world problems can be incorporated to the existing biomedical engineering education through active, adaptive and experiential learning. In this paper we report our findings of active and adaptive project based learning approach through a simulation lab visit that served as a clinical immersion experience for students enrolled in a senior-level Biomechanics undergraduate course...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452603/effects-of-music-therapy-under-general-anesthesia-in-patients-undergoing-abdominal-surgery
#16
Mohamed Kahloul, Salah Mhamdi, Mohamed Said Nakhli, Ahmed Nadhir Sfeyhi, Mohamed Azzaza, Ajmi Chaouch, Walid Naija
BACKGROUND: Music therapy, an innovative approach that has proven effectiveness in many medical conditions, seems beneficial also in managing surgical patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate its effects, under general anesthesia, on perioperative patient satisfaction, stress, pain, and awareness. METHODS: This is a prospective, randomized, double-blind study conducted in the operating theatre of visceral surgery at Sahloul Teaching Hospital over a period of 4 months...
December 2017: Libyan Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450442/teaching-as-brain-changing-exploring-connections-between-neuroscience-and-innovative-teaching
#17
Melinda T Owens, Kimberly D Tanner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445621/calm-to-chaos-engaging-undergraduate-nursing-students-with-the-complex-nature-of-interruptions-during-medication-administration
#18
Carolyn Hayes, Debra Jackson, Patricia M Davidson, John Daly, Tamara Power
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This paper describes undergraduate student nurse responses to a simulated role-play experience focussing on managing interruptions during medication administration. BACKGROUND: Improving patient safety requires that we find creative and innovative methods of teaching medication administration to undergraduate nurses in real-world conditions. Nurses are responsible for the majority of medication administrations in health care. Incidents and errors associated with medications are a significant patient safety issue and often occur as a result of interruptions...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441675/teaching-today-in-the-practice-setting-of-the-future-implementing-innovations-in-graduate-medical-education
#19
Jung G Kim, Carl G Morris, Paul Ford
PROBLEM: Implementing an innovation, such as offering new types of patient-physician encounters through the patient-centered medical home (PCMH) model while maintaining Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) accreditation standards (e.g., patient encounter minimums for trainees), is challenging. APPROACH: In 2009, the Group Health Family Medicine Residency (GHFMR) received an ACGME Program Experimentation and Innovation Project (PEIP) exception that redefined the minimum Family Medicine Resident Review Committee requirement to 1,400 face-to-face visits and 250 electronic visits (1 electronic visit defined as 3 secure message or telephone encounters)...
May 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440719/a-case-based-medical-curriculum-for-the-21st-century-the-use-of-innovative-approaches-in-designing-and-developing-a-case-on-mental-health
#20
Athanasios Hassoulas, Elizabeth Forty, Mathew Hoskins, James Walters, Stephen Riley
The introduction of case-based learning (CBL) by the School of Medicine at Cardiff University has encouraged innovation in medical teaching and learning. During years one and two of the modernized MBBCh program, students complete 17 cases as part of the newly developed C21 curriculum that emphasizes a patient-oriented and student-centered approach to learning. The mental health case, which is presented in year 2, incorporates a number of novel teaching resources that aim to enhance the students' learning experience and to further reinforce the patient-oriented and community-based philosophy of C21...
May 2017: Medical Teacher
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