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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449220/survival-functional-status-and-eating-ability-after-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-tube-placement-for-acute-stroke
#1
Karl Meisel, Robert M Arnold, Irena Stijacic Cenzer, John Boscardin, Alexander K Smith
OBJECTIVES: To determine the long-term survival and independence of individuals with stroke and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube placement. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: A longitudinal nationally representative community-based sample of older adults. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with stroke who had a PEG tube placed (N = 174, mean age 79, 51% female, 29% African American). MEASUREMENTS: Functional status before incident stroke was determined based on data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), a national longitudinal survey of community-dwelling older adults, from 1993 to 2012...
April 27, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448250/recruiting-community-partners-for-veggie-van-strategies-and-lessons-learned-from-a-mobile-market-intervention-in-north-carolina-2012-2015
#2
Gina L Tripicchio, Jacqueline Grady Smith, Janelle Armstrong-Brown, Jared McGuirt, Lindsey Haynes-Maslow, Sarah Mardovich, Alice S Ammerman, Lucia Leone
BACKGROUND: Food access interventions are promising strategies for improving dietary intake, which is associated with better health. However, studies examining the relationship between food access and intake are limited to observational designs, indicating a need for more rigorous approaches. The Veggie Van (VV) program was a cluster-randomized intervention designed to address the gap between food access and intake. In this article, we aim to describe the approaches involved in recruiting community partners to participate in VV...
April 27, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448091/association-between-physical-frailty-and-quality-of-life-in-a-representative-sample-of-community-dwelling-swiss-older-people
#3
Y Henchoz, C Büla, I Guessous, B Santos-Eggimann
OBJECTIVE: Though the association between physical frailty and health is well established, little is known about its association with other domains of quality of life (QoL). This study investigated the association between physical frailty and multiple domains of QoL in community-dwelling older people. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Data of the 2011 annual assessment of 927 older people (age 73-77 years) from the Lc65+ cohort study were used...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448076/tea-consumption-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-adults
#4
C-W Pan, Q Ma, H-P Sun, Y Xu, N Luo, P Wang
BACKGROUND: Although tea consumption has been reported to have various health benefits in humans, its association with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has not been investigated directly. We aimed to examine the relationship between tea consumption and HRQOL among older Chinese adults. METHODS: We analyzed community-based cross-sectional data of 5,557 older Chinese individuals aged 60 years or older who participated in the Weitang Geriatric Diseases study...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447860/remote-sensing-of-physiological-signs-using-a-machine-vision-system
#5
Ali Al-Naji, Kim Gibson, Javaan Chahl
The aim of this work is to remotely measure heart rate (HR) and respiratory rate (RR) using a video camera from long range (> 50 m). The proposed system is based on imperceptible signals produced from blood circulation, including skin colour variations and head motion. As these signals are not visible to the naked eye and to preserve the signal strength in the video, we used an improved video magnification technique to enhance these invisible signals and detect the physiological activity within the subject...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446932/telemedical-assessment-of-the-level-of-energy-expenditure-in-overweight-and-obese-individuals
#6
Tomasz Saran, Jakub Owoc, Alfred Owoc, Iwona Bojar
INTRODUCTION: Increasing the energy expenditure above the elementary level of metabolism by undertaking regular physical activity causes body mass reduction and its maintenance at a healthy level. AIM: To remote assessment of the level of physical activity in a group of overweight and obese individuals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research was conducted in the Department of Rehabilitation at the Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland, and included a group of 514 volunteers of both genders (38 ±12 years)...
2017: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446682/smartphone-controlled-optogenetically-engineered-cells-enable-semiautomatic-glucose-homeostasis-in-diabetic-mice
#7
REVIEW
Jiawei Shao, Shuai Xue, Guiling Yu, Yuanhuan Yu, Xueping Yang, Yu Bai, Sucheng Zhu, Linfeng Yang, Jianli Yin, Yidan Wang, Shuyong Liao, Sanwei Guo, Mingqi Xie, Martin Fussenegger, Haifeng Ye
With the increasingly dominant role of smartphones in our lives, mobile health care systems integrating advanced point-of-care technologies to manage chronic diseases are gaining attention. Using a multidisciplinary design principle coupling electrical engineering, software development, and synthetic biology, we have engineered a technological infrastructure enabling the smartphone-assisted semiautomatic treatment of diabetes in mice. A custom-designed home server SmartController was programmed to process wireless signals, enabling a smartphone to regulate hormone production by optically engineered cells implanted in diabetic mice via a far-red light (FRL)-responsive optogenetic interface...
April 26, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446496/mobile-based-intervention-intended-to-stop-obesity-in-preschool-aged-children-the-ministop-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Christine Delisle Nyström, Sven Sandin, Pontus Henriksson, Hanna Henriksson, Ylva Trolle-Lagerros, Christel Larsson, Ralph Maddison, Francisco B Ortega, Jeremy Pomeroy, Jonatan R Ruiz, Kristin Silfvernagel, Toomas Timpka, Marie Löf
Background: Traditional obesity prevention programs are time- and cost-intensive. Mobile phone technology has been successful in changing behaviors and managing weight; however, to our knowledge, its potential in young children has yet to be examined.Objective: We assessed the effectiveness of a mobile health (mHealth) obesity prevention program on body fat, dietary habits, and physical activity in healthy Swedish children aged 4.5 y.Design: From 2014 to 2015, 315 children were randomly assigned to an intervention or control group...
April 26, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446419/the-smartphone-peer-physical-activity-counseling-sppac-program-for-manual-wheelchair-users-protocol-of-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Krista L Best, François Routhier, Shane N Sweet, Kelly P Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Jaimie F Borisoff, Luc Noreau, Kathleen A Martin Ginis
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) must be performed regularly to accrue health benefits. However, the majority of manual wheelchair users do not meet PA recommendations. Existing community-based PA programs for manual wheelchair users appear to work, but effect sizes are small and retention is low. Existing PA programs may not fully implement some psychosocial factors that are strongly linked with PA (eg, autonomy). The use of peers and mobile phone technology in the Smartphone Peer PA Counseling (SPPAC) program represents a novel approach to cultivating a PA-supportive environment for manual wheelchair users...
April 26, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446189/television-viewing-time-as-a-risk-factor-for-frailty-and-functional-limitations-in-older-adults-results-from-2-european-prospective-cohorts
#10
Esther García-Esquinas, Elena Andrade, David Martínez-Gómez, Francisco Félix Caballero, Esther López-García, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo
BACKGROUND: Sedentariness is an important risk factor for poor health. The main objective of this work was to examine the prospective association between television viewing time and indicators of physical function, mobility, agility, and frailty. METHODS: Data came from two independent cohorts of community-dwelling older adults: the Seniors-ENRICA (n = 2392, 3.5 year follow-up), and the ELSA (n = 3989, 3.9 year follow-up). At baseline, television viewing and other sedentary behaviors were ascertained using interviewer-administered questionnaires...
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446141/a-mobile-application-of-breast-cancer-e-support-program-versus-routine-care-in-the-treatment-of-chinese-women-with-breast-cancer-undergoing-chemotherapy-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Jiemin Zhu, Lyn Ebert, Xiangyu Liu, Sally Wai-Chi Chan
BACKGROUND: Women with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy suffer from a number of symptoms and report receiving inadequate support from health care professionals. Innovative and easily accessible interventions are lacking. Breast Cancer e-Support is a mobile Application program (App) that provides patients with individually tailored information and a support group of peers and health care professionals. Breast Cancer e-Support aims to promote women's self-efficacy, social support and symptom management, thus improving their quality of life and psychological well-being...
April 26, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444372/quantifying-the-number-of-independent-organelle-dna-insertions-in-genome-evolution-and-human-health
#12
Einat Hazkani-Covo, William F Martin
Fragments of organelle genomes are often found as insertions in nuclear DNA. These fragments of mitochondrial DNA (numts) and plastid DNA (nupts) are ubiquitous components of eukaryotic genomes. They are, however, often edited out during the genome assembly process, leading to systematic underestimation of their frequency. Numts and nupts, once inserted, can become further fragmented through subsequent insertion of mobile elements or other recombinational events that disrupt the continuity of the inserted sequence relative to the genuine organelle DNA copy...
April 21, 2017: Genome Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443167/elderly-patients-achieving-clinical-and-radiological-outcomes-comparable-with-those-of-younger-patients-following-minimally-invasive-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion
#13
Joshi Nikhil N, Joel Wei-An Lim, William Yeo, Wai-Mun Yue
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of prospective database. PURPOSE: To compare 2-year clinical and radiological outcomes after minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) among "middle-age" (50-64.99 years), "young-old" (65-74.99 years), and "old-old" (>75 years) patients. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Owing to higher perioperative morbidity and mortality rates, elderly patients with degenerative lumbar conditions are occasionally denied surgical care, even after conservative treatment failure...
April 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442456/the-malaria-system-microapp-a-new-mobile-device-based-tool-for-malaria-diagnosis
#14
Allisson Dantas Oliveira, Clara Prats, Mateu Espasa, Francesc Zarzuela Serrat, Cristina Montañola Sales, Aroa Silgado, Daniel Lopez Codina, Mercia Eliane Arruda, Jordi Gomez I Prat, Jones Albuquerque
BACKGROUND: Malaria is a public health problem that affects remote areas worldwide. Climate change has contributed to the problem by allowing for the survival of Anopheles in previously uninhabited areas. As such, several groups have made developing news systems for the automated diagnosis of malaria a priority. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop a new, automated, mobile device-based diagnostic system for malaria. The system uses Giemsa-stained peripheral blood samples combined with light microscopy to identify the Plasmodium falciparum species in the ring stage of development...
April 25, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442455/use-of-fitness-and-nutrition-apps-associations-with-body-mass-index-snacking-and-drinking-habits-in-adolescents
#15
Nathalie De Cock, Jolien Vangeel, Carl Lachat, Kathleen Beullens, Leentje Vervoort, Lien Goossens, Lea Maes, Benedicte Deforche, Stefaan De Henauw, Caroline Braet, Steven Eggermont, Patrick Kolsteren, John Van Camp, Wendy Van Lippevelde
BACKGROUND: Efforts to improve snacking and drinking habits are needed to promote a healthy body mass index (BMI) in adolescents. Although commercial fitness and nutrition mobile phone apps are widely used, little is known regarding their potential to improve health behaviors, especially in adolescents. In addition, evidence on the mechanisms through which such fitness and nutrition apps influence behavior is lacking. OBJECTIVES: This study assessed whether the use of commercial fitness or nutrition apps was associated with a lower BMI and healthier snacking and drinking habits in adolescents...
April 25, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441962/acceptability-of-a-mobile-health-intervention-to-enhance-hiv-care-coordination-for-patients-with-substance-use-disorders
#16
Ryan P Westergaard, Andrew Genz, Kristen Panico, Pamela J Surkan, Jeanne Keruly, Heidi E Hutton, Larry W Chang, Gregory D Kirk
BACKGROUND: Persons living with HIV and substance use disorders face barriers to sustained engagement in medical care, leading to suboptimal antiretroviral treatment outcomes. Innovative mobile technology tools such as customizable smartphone applications have the potential to enhance existing care coordination programs, but have not been rigorously studied. METHODS: We developed and implemented a two-component intervention consisting of peer health navigation supported by a smartphone application conducting ecologic momentary assessment (EMA) of barriers to care and medication adherence...
April 26, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441745/breast-cancer-screening-programmes-across-the-who-european-region-differences-among-countries-based-on-national-income-level
#17
Emma Altobelli, Leonardo Rapacchietta, Paolo Matteo Angeletti, Luca Barbante, Filippo Valerio Profeta, Roberto Fagnano
Breast cancer (BC) is the most frequent tumour affecting women all over the world. In low- and middle-income countries, where its incidence is expected to rise further, BC seems set to become a public health emergency. The aim of the present study is to provide a systematic review of current BC screening programmes in WHO European Region to identify possible patterns. Multiple correspondence analysis was performed to evaluate the association among: measures of occurrence; GNI level; type of BC screening programme; organization of public information and awareness campaigns regarding primary prevention of modifiable risk factors; type of BC screening services; year of screening institution; screening coverage and data quality...
April 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441624/various-soil-amendments-and-environmental-wastes-affect-the-im-mobilization-and-phytoavailability-of-potentially-toxic-elements-in-a-sewage-effluent-irrigated-sandy-soil
#18
Sabry M Shaheen, Mohamed S Shams, Mohamed R Khalifa, Mohamed A El-Dali, Jörg Rinklebe
Contamination of long-term sewage effluent irrigated soils by potentially toxic elements (PTEs) is a serious concern due to its high environmental and health risk. Our scientific hypothesis is that soil amendments can cause contradictory effects on the element mobilization and phytoavailability depending on the type of element and amendment. Therefore, we aimed to assess the impact of the application (1%) of several low cost amendments and environmental wastes on the (im)mobilization, availability, and uptake of Al, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, and Zn by sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) in a long term sewage effluent irrigated sandy soils collected from Egypt...
April 22, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439682/cancer-induced-bone-pain-management-through-buddhist-beliefs
#19
Fung Kei Cheng
Dealing with physical pain represents a huge public health expenditure, especially for cancer-induced bone pain, one of the most difficult health issues, which impairs appetite, sleep, and mobility, negatively impacting quality of life and evoking mental problems. Although some literature has reported positive correlation between religion and pain management, there is a dearth of research examining the effectiveness of Buddhism on this topic. This study investigates the usefulness of Buddhist beliefs in managing cancer-induced bone pain through a case example...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439448/spatial-determinants-of-ebola-virus-disease-risk-for-the-west-african-epidemic
#20
Kate Zinszer, Kathryn Morrison, Aman Verma, John S Brownstein
INTRODUCTION: Although many studies have investigated the probability of Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreaks while other studies have simulated the size and speed of EVD outbreaks, few have investigated the environmental and population-level predictors of Ebola transmission once an outbreak is underway. Identifying strong predictors of transmission could help guide and target limited public health resources during an EVD outbreak. We examined several environmental and population-level demographic predictors of EVD risk from the West African epidemic...
March 31, 2017: PLoS Currents
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