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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329859/the-impact-of-three-cognitive-training-programs-on-driving-cessation-across-10-years-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Lesley A Ross, Sara A Freed, Jerri D Edwards, Christine B Phillips, Karlene Ball
Purpose of the Study: Driving is important for older adults' health and well-being, yet little research has examined interventions to maintain driving mobility. As fluid cognitive abilities are strongly linked to driving, targeted cognitive training interventions may impact driving mobility longitudinally. This study assessed the effects of three different cognitive training programs (reasoning, speed of processing, and memory) on driving cessation in older adults across 10 years (n = 2,390)...
October 10, 2016: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329809/mediterranean-dietary-patterns-and-impaired-physical-function-in-older-adults
#2
Ellen A Struijk, Pilar Guallar-Castillón, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, Esther López-García
Background: Information about nutritional risk factors of functional limitation is scarce. The aim of this study was to examine the association between the Mediterranean diet and risk of physical function impairment in older adults. Methods: We used data from 1,630 participants in the Seniors-ENRICA cohort aged ≥60 years. In 2008-2010, adherence to the Mediterranean diet pattern was measured with the Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS) and the Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS)...
October 19, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329787/circulating-estrogen-levels-and-self-reported-health-and-mobility-limitation-in-community-dwelling-men-of-the-framingham-heart-study
#3
Guneet Kaur Jasuja, Thomas G Travison, Joanne M Murabito, Maithili N Davda, Adam J Rose, Shehzad Basaria, Andrea Coviello, Ramachandran S Vasan, Ralph D'Agostino, Shalender Bhasin
Background: Self-rated health is a commonly used global indicator of health status. Few studies have examined the association of self-rated health and mobility with estrone and estradiol in men. Accordingly, we determined the cross-sectional, incident, and mediating relations between circulating estrone and estradiol levels with self-rated health, mobility limitation, and physical performance in community-dwelling men. Methods: The cross-sectional sample included 1,148 men, who attended Framingham Offspring Study Examinations 7 and 8...
October 24, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329502/challenges-to-smartphone-applications-for-melanoma-detection
#4
Jordan V Wang, Lance W Chapman, Matthew Keller
This commentary addresses the emerging market forhealth-related smartphone applications. Specific todermatology, there has been a significant increasenot only in applications that promote skin cancerawareness and education but also in those meantfor detection. With evidence showing that 365dermatology-related applications were available in2014--up from 230 in 2012--and that 1 in 5 patientsunder the age of 50 have used a smartphone tohelp diagnose a skin problem, there is clearly a largesubset of patients participating in this growing trend...
February 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329359/larger-lateral-prefrontal-cortex-volume-predicts-better-exercise-adherence-among-older-women-evidence-from-two-exercise-training-studies
#5
John R Best, Bryan K Chiu, Peter A Hall, Teresa Liu-Ambrose
Background: Recent research has suggested an important role of lateral prefrontal cortex (lPFC) in consistent implementation of positive health behaviors and avoidance of negative health behaviors. Methods: We examined whether gray matter volume in the lPFC prospectively predicts exercise class attendance among older women (n = 122) who underwent either a 52-week or 26-week exercise training intervention. Structural magnetic resonance imaging determined gray matter volume at baseline...
March 17, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329223/effect-of-home-monitoring-via-mobile-app-on-the-number-of-in-person-visits-following-ambulatory-surgery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Kathleen A Armstrong, Peter C Coyte, Mitchell Brown, Brett Beber, John L Semple
Importance: In the age of information and patient-centered care, new methods of delivering postoperative care must be developed and evaluated. Objective: To determine whether follow-up care delivered via a mobile app can be used to avert in-person follow-up care visits compared with conventional, in-person follow-up care in the first 30 days following ambulatory surgery. Design, Setting, and Participants: A randomized clinical trial was conducted from February 1 to August 31, 2015, among ambulatory patients undergoing breast reconstruction at an academic ambulatory care hospital...
March 22, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328648/the-economic-and-clinical-impact-of-sustained-use-of-a-progressive-mobility-program-in-a-neuro-icu
#7
Jeannette M Hester, Peggy R Guin, Gale D Danek, Jaime R Thomas, William L Titsworth, Richard K Reed, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Brenda G Fahy
OBJECTIVE: To investigate a progressive mobility program in a neurocritical care population with the hypothesis that the benefits and outcomes of the program (e.g., decreased length of stay) would have a significant positive economic impact. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of economic and clinical outcome data before, immediately following, and 2 years after implementation of the Progressive Upright Mobility Protocol Plus program (UF Health Shands Hospital, Gainesville, FL) involving a series of planned movements in a sequential manner with an additional six levels of rehabilitation in the neuro-ICU at UF Health Shands Hospital...
March 21, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328647/pressure-injury-in-a-community-population-a-descriptive-study
#8
Lisa Q Corbett, Marjorie Funk, Gilbert Fortunato, David M OʼSullivan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe present-on-admission pressure injuries (POA-PIs) in community-dwelling adults admitted to acute care. The specific aims of the study were to (1) measure the prevalence of POA-PIs during a 1-year period; (2) determine prehospital location of patients with POA-PIs; and (3) describe demographics, pressure injury (PI) characteristics, risk factors, and posthospital outcome of community-dwelling adults with PIs admitted to hospital. DESIGN: Retrospective descriptive study...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328396/improved-medication-adherence-and-frequency-of-blood-glucose-self-testing-using-an-m-health-platform-versus-usual-care-in-a-multisite-randomized-clinical-trial-among-people-with-type-2-diabetes-in-india
#9
Nora J Kleinman, Avani Shah, Sanjiv Shah, Sanjeev Phatak, Vijay Viswanathan
BACKGROUND: In 2015, India had an estimated 69.2 million people with diabetes and a national prevalence of 8.7%. Evidence is mounting for the benefits of telemedicine in diabetes care, but remains limited on mobile-health (m-Health) interventions. INTRODUCTION: This study assessed the impact of an m-Health diabetes platform on clinical outcomes, patient-reported outcomes, patient and provider satisfaction, and app usage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This open-label, two-arm parallel study enrolled 91 people at 3 sites in India, aged 18-65, with type 2 diabetes, and an A1c between 7...
March 6, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328390/the-efficacy-of-telemedicine-supported-discharge-within-an-in-home-model-of-care
#10
Edwin P Greenup, Melissa McCusker, Boyd A Potts, Andrew Bryett
OBJECTIVE: To determine if mobile videoconferencing technology can facilitate the discharge of low-acuity patients receiving in-home care without compromising short-term health outcomes. METHODS: A 6-month trial commenced in July 2015 with 345 patients considered unsuited to Criteria Led Discharge (CLD) receiving in-home care included as participants. Nurses providing clinical support to patients in their homes were supplied with a tablet computer (Apple iPad) with Internet connectivity (Telstra 4G Network) and videoconferencing software (Cisco Jabber for Telepresence)...
February 22, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328231/use-of-cell-phones-and-computers-for-health-promotion-and-tobacco-cessation-by-american-indian-college-students-in-montana
#11
Jo Ann W Dotson, Lonnie A Nelson, Sara L Young, Dedra Buchwald, John Roll
INTRODUCTION: Cell phones and personal computers have become popular mechanisms for delivering and monitoring health information and education, including the delivery of tobacco cessation education and support. Tobacco smoking is prevalent among American Indians (AIs) and Alaska Natives (ANs), with 26% AI/AN adult men smoking compared to 19% of Caucasian adult males and 22% of African American adult males. Smoking is even more prevalent in Northern Plains AI populations, with 42% of men <i>and</i> women reporting current smoking...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327645/a-novel-point-of-care-smartphone-based-system-for-monitoring-the-cardiac-and-respiratory-systems
#12
Kwanghyun Sohn, Faisal M Merchant, Omid Sayadi, Dheeraj Puppala, Rajiv Doddamani, Ashish Sahani, Jagmeet P Singh, E Kevin Heist, Eric M Isselbacher, Antonis A Armoundas
Cardio-respiratory monitoring is one of the most demanding areas in the rapidly growing, mobile-device, based health care delivery. We developed a 12-lead smartphone-based electrocardiogram (ECG) acquisition and monitoring system (called "cvrPhone"), and an application to assess underlying ischemia, and estimate the respiration rate (RR) and tidal volume (TV) from analysis of electrocardiographic (ECG) signals only. During in-vivo swine studies (n = 6), 12-lead ECG signals were recorded at baseline and following coronary artery occlusion...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327483/mobile-health-mhealth-in-mental-health-scope-and-applications-in-low-resource-settings
#13
Mamta Sood, Rakesh Kumar Chadda, Pushpendra Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327180/an-assessment-of-national-surveillance-systems-for-malaria-elimination-in-the-asia-pacific
#14
Chris Erwin G Mercado, Nattwut Ekapirat, Arjen M Dondorp, Richard J Maude
BACKGROUND: Heads of Government from Asia and the Pacific have committed to a malaria-free region by 2030. In 2015, the total number of confirmed cases reported to the World Health Organization by 22 Asia Pacific countries was 2,461,025. However, this was likely a gross underestimate due in part to incidence data not being available from the wide variety of known sources. There is a recognized need for an accurate picture of malaria over time and space to support the goal of elimination...
March 21, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326923/shared-worlds-multi-sited-ethnography-and-nursing-research
#15
Luke Molloy, Kim Walker, Richard Lakeman
Background Ethnography, originally developed for the study of supposedly small-scale societies, is now faced with an increasingly mobile, changing and globalised world. Cultural identities can exist without reference to a specific location and extend beyond regional and national boundaries. It is therefore no longer imperative that the sole object of the ethnographer's practice should be a geographically bounded site. Aim To present a critical methodological review of multi-sited ethnography. Discussion Understanding that it can no longer be taken with any certainty that location alone determines culture, multi-sited ethnography provides a method of contextualising multi-sited social phenomena...
March 22, 2017: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325751/smartphone-based-geofencing-to-ascertain-hospitalizations
#16
Kaylin T Nguyen, Jeffrey E Olgin, Mark J Pletcher, Madelena Ng, Leanne Kaye, Sai Moturu, Rachel A Gladstone, Chaitanya Malladi, Amy H Fann, Carol Maguire, Laura Bettencourt, Matthew A Christensen, Gregory M Marcus
BACKGROUND: Ascertainment of hospitalizations is critical to assess quality of care and the effectiveness and adverse effects of various therapies. Smartphones, mobile geolocators that are ubiquitous, have not been leveraged to ascertain hospitalizations. Therefore, we evaluated the use of smartphone-based geofencing to track hospitalizations. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants aged ≥18 years installed a mobile application programmed to geofence all hospitals using global positioning systems and cell phone tower triangulation and to trigger a smartphone-based questionnaire when located in a hospital for ≥4 hours...
March 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325712/enlight-a-comprehensive-quality-and-therapeutic-potential-evaluation-tool-for-mobile-and-web-based-ehealth-interventions
#17
Amit Baumel, Keren Faber, Nandita Mathur, John M Kane, Fred Muench
BACKGROUND: Studies of criteria-based assessment tools have demonstrated the feasibility of objectively evaluating eHealth interventions independent of empirical testing. However, current tools have not included some quality constructs associated with intervention outcome, such as persuasive design, behavior change, or therapeutic alliance. In addition, the generalizability of such tools has not been explicitly examined. OBJECTIVE: The aim is to introduce the development and further analysis of the Enlight suite of measures, developed to incorporate the aforementioned concepts and address generalizability aspects...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325711/investigating-the-perceptions-of-care-coordinators-on-using-behavior-theory-based-mobile-health-technology-with-medicaid-populations-a-grounded-theory-study
#18
Brittany Erika Sigler
BACKGROUND: Medicaid populations are less engaged in their health care than the rest of the population, translating to worse health outcomes and increased health care costs. Since theory-based mobile health (mHealth) interventions have been shown to increase patient engagement, mobile phones may be an optimal strategy to reach this population. With increased development of theory-based mHealth technology, these interventions must now be evaluated with these medically underserved populations in a real-world setting...
March 21, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325449/tcontrol-a-mobile-app-to-follow-up-tobacco-quitting-patients
#19
Marc Pifarré, Adrián Carrera, Jordi Vilaplana, Josep Cuadrado, Sara Solsona, Francesc Abella, Francesc Solsona, Rui Alves
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Tobacco smoking is a major risk factor for a wide range of respiratory and circulatory diseases in active and passive smokers. Well-designed campaigns are raising awareness to the problem and an increasing number of smokers seeks medical assistance to quit their habit. In this context, there is the need to develop mHealth Apps that assist and manage large smoke quitting programs in efficient and economic ways. OBJECTIVES: Our main objective is to develop an efficient and free mHealth app that facilitates the management of, and assistance to, people who want to quit smoking...
April 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325077/effective-interventions-to-improve-young-adults-linkage-to-hiv-care-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#20
Bertille Octavie Mavegam, Jennifer R Pharr, Patricia Cruz, Echezona E Ezeanolue
HIV/AIDS remains a major public health problem despite the efforts to prevent and decrease its spread. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) represents 70% of the global number of people living with HIV and 73% of all HIV/AIDS-related deaths. Young adults age 15-24 years are disproportionately impacted by HIV/AIDS in SSA with 34% of people living with HIV (PLWHIV) and 37% of newly diagnosed individuals being in this age group. It is important that PLWHIV be linked to care to facilitate antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation and limit the spread of infection...
March 22, 2017: AIDS Care
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