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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914271/individual-exposure-estimates-may-be-erroneous-when-spatiotemporal-variability-of-air-pollution-and-human-mobility-are-ignored
#1
Yoo Min Park, Mei-Po Kwan
This study aims to empirically demonstrate the necessity to consider both the spatiotemporal variability of air pollution and individual daily movement patterns in exposure and health risk assessment. It compares four different types of exposure estimates generated by using (1) individual movement data and hourly air pollution concentrations; (2) individual movement data and daily average air pollution data; (3) residential location and hourly pollution levels; and (4) residential location and daily average pollution data...
November 30, 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913983/mobile-health-technology-can-objectively-capture-physical-activity-pa-targets-among-african-american-women-within-resource-limited-communities-the-washington-d-c-cardiovascular-health-and-needs-assessment
#2
S Thomas, L Yingling, J Adu-Brimpong, V Mitchell, C R Ayers, G R Wallen, M Peters-Lawrence, A T Brooks, D M Sampson, K L Wiley, J Saygbe, J Henry, A Johnson, A Graham, L Graham, T M Powell-Wiley
BACKGROUND: Little is understood about using mobile health (mHealth) technology to improve cardiovascular (CV) health among African-American women in resource-limited communities. METHODS: We conducted the Washington, D.C. CV Health and Needs Assessment in predominantly African-American churches in city wards 5, 7, and 8 with the lowest socioeconomic status based on community-based participatory research (CBPR) principles. The assessment measured CV health factors: body mass index (BMI), fasting blood glucose and cholesterol, blood pressure, fruit/vegetable (F/V) intake, physical activity (PA), and smoking...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913814/life-course-socioeconomic-adversities-and-10-year-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health
#3
Dayse Rodrigues de Sousa Andrade, Lidyane V Camelo, Rodrigo Citton P Dos Reis, Itamar S Santos, Antonio Luiz Ribeiro, Luana Giatti, Sandhi Maria Barreto
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether life course exposure to adverse socioeconomic positions (SEP) as well as maintaining a low SEP or decreasing the SEP intra- and intergeneration was associated with an increased 10-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk predicted by the Framingham Risk Score. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data (2008-2010) of 13,544 active workers from ELSA-Brasil cohort. Maternal education, leg length, social class of first occupation and education were used to evaluate childhood, youth and adulthood SEP...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913656/response-to-use-of-mobile-technology-in-a-community-mental-health-setting
#4
Javier Ash, Shyam Gokani, Georgina Kerry, Alexander Zargaran, Dara Rasasingam, Aaina Mittal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2016: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913556/how-does-age-related-macular-degeneration-affect-real-world-visual-ability-and-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review
#5
Deanna J Taylor, Angharad E Hobby, Alison M Binns, David P Crabb
OBJECTIVES: To review systematically the evidence of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) affecting real-world visual ability and quality of life (QoL). To explore trends in specific topics within this body of the literature. DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: A systematic literature search was carried out using MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, PsychARTICLES and Health and Psychosocial Instruments for articles published up to January 2015 for studies including people diagnosed with AMD, assessing real-world visual ability or QoL as an outcome...
December 2, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913373/mobile-phone-apps-to-improve-medication-adherence-a-systematic-stepwise-process-to-identify-high-quality-apps
#6
Karla Santo, Sarah S Richtering, John Chalmers, Aravinda Thiagalingam, Clara K Chow, Julie Redfern
BACKGROUND: There are a growing number of mobile phone apps available to support people in taking their medications and to improve medication adherence. However, little is known about how these apps differ in terms of features, quality, and effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to systematically review the medication reminder apps available in the Australian iTunes store and Google Play to assess their features and their quality in order to identify high-quality apps...
December 2, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913029/pharmacovigilance-and-biomedical-informatics-a-model-for-future-development
#7
Paul Beninger, Michael A Ibara
PURPOSE: The discipline of pharmacovigilance is rooted in the aftermath of the thalidomide tragedy of 1961. It has evolved as a result of collaborative efforts by many individuals and organizations, including physicians, patients, Health Authorities, universities, industry, the World Health Organization, the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences, and the International Conference on Harmonisation. Biomedical informatics is rooted in technologically based methodologies and has evolved at the speed of computer technology...
November 29, 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913018/potential-impact-of-flowback-water-from-hydraulic-fracturing-on-agricultural-soil-quality-metal-metalloid-bioaccessibility-microtox-bioassay-and-enzyme-activities
#8
Season S Chen, Yuqing Sun, Daniel C W Tsang, Nigel J D Graham, Yong Sik Ok, Yujie Feng, Xiang-Dong Li
Hydraulic fracturing has advanced the development of shale gas extraction, while inadvertent spills of flowback water may pose a risk to the surrounding environment due to its high salt content, metals/metalloids (As, Se, Fe and Sr), and organic additives. This study investigated the potential impact of flowback water on four representative soils from shale gas regions in Northeast China using synthetic flowback solutions. The compositions of the solutions were representative of flowback water arising at different stages after fracturing well establishment...
November 29, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912936/effects-of-mind-body-exercises-on-the-physiological-and-psychosocial-well-being-of-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
JoJo Yan Yan Kwok, Kai Chow Choi, Helen Yue Lai Chan
OBJECTIVES: The effects of mind-body exercises on individuals with chronic illnesses have attracted increasing attention. However, little effort had been made to systematically review the effects of these mind-body exercises on individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). This review aimed to appraise the current evidence of the effects of mind-body exercises on the physiological and psychological outcomes for the PD population. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912187/holistic-risk-assessment-of-surface-water-contamination-due-to-pb-210-in-oil-produced-water-from-the-bakken-shale
#10
Luisa Torres, Om Prakash Yadav, Eakalak Khan
A holistic risk assessment of surface water (SW) contamination due to lead-210 (Pb-210) in oil produced water (PW) from the Bakken Shale in North Dakota (ND) was conducted. Pb-210 is a relatively long-lived radionuclide and very mobile in water. Because of limited data on Pb-210, a simulation model was developed to determine its concentration based on its parent radium-226 and historical total dissolved solids levels in PW. Scenarios where PW spills could reach SW were analyzed by applying the four steps of the risk assessment process...
November 29, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912156/health-benefits-of-aerobic-training-programs-in-adults-aged-70-and-over-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Walid Bouaziz, Thomas Vogel, Elise Schmitt, Georges Kaltenbach, Bernard Geny, Pierre Olivier Lang
Aging is intrinsically associated with a progressive decline in muscle strength and mass, and aerobic capacity. This contributes to reduced mobility and impaired quality of life (QoL) among seniors. Regular physical activity, and more particularly aerobic training (AT), has demonstrated benefits on adults' health. The aim of this review was to assess the current level of evidence regarding the health benefits of AT in the population aged 70 years and over. A comprehensive, systematic database search for manuscripts was performed...
October 31, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910799/validation-of-the-danish-version-of-the-quick-disabilities-of-arm-shoulder-and-hand-questionnaire
#12
Jesper Ougaard Schønnemann, Jens Eggers
INTRODUCTION: The Quick-Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder and Hand (QuickDASH) questionnaire is an 11-item region-specific questionnaire used to measure the effect of clinical treatment of disorders and injuries to the upper extremity. During its original development, it was shown that the QuickDASH is a valid and reliable outcome measure. The purpose of this study was to validate the Danish version of the QuickDASH in patients with wrist fractures, using the Nottingham Health Profile (NHP) as an evaluation tool...
December 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910749/role-of-toll-like-receptors-in-hepatitis-c-virus-pathogenesis-and-treatment
#13
Usman Ali Ashfaq, Muhammad Sarfaraz Iqbal, Saba Khaliq
Viral infections are rising every day, and viruses appear to be the most dangerous pathogens in the world. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is accepted as one of the major destructive factors of promoting severe hepatic disorders by infecting more than 180 million individuals throughout the world. Chronic infection caused by HCV poses a serious global health emergency and appears to be a powerful threat to humanity. Almost 20 years have passed since the disclosure of HCV, but even now, treatment preferences remain limited...
2016: Critical Reviews in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909518/symptoms-in-atrial-fibrillation-a-contemporary-review-and-future-directions
#14
REVIEW
Steven T Heidt Bs, Anna Kratz PhD, Kayvan Najarian PhD, Afton L Hassett PsyD, Hakan Oral Md, Richard Gonzalez PhD, Brahmajee K Nallamothu Md Mph, Daniel Clauw Md, Hamid Ghanbari Md Mph
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most prevalent arrhythmia leading to hospital admissions in the United States. The majority of patients with AF report symptoms associated with this condition that can lead to a decrease in health related quality of life (HRQOL) and functional status. Therefore, along with reducing the risk of stroke and mortality, improvements in such symptoms are important therapeutic goals in the management of patients with AF. Our current understanding of how AF and symptoms are linked is hampered by the dominant assessment paradigm, where symptoms thought to be associated with AF are measured at a single point in time (frequently at a clinic visit)...
June 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908844/quittr-the-design-of-a-video-game-to-support-smoking-cessation
#15
Ivan Bindoff, Kristy de Salas, Gregory Peterson, Tristan Ling, Ian Lewis, Lindsay Wells, Peter Gee, Stuart G Ferguson
BACKGROUND: Smoking is recognized as the largest, single, preventable cause of death and disease in the developed world. While the majority of smokers report wanting to quit, and many try each year, smokers find it difficult to maintain long-term abstinence. Behavioral support, such as education, advice, goal-setting, and encouragement, is known to be beneficial in improving the likelihood of succeeding in a quit attempt, but it remains difficult to effectively deliver this behavioral support and keep the patient engaged with the process for a sufficient duration...
December 1, 2016: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907890/association-of-muscle-endurance-fatigability-and-strength-with-functional-limitation-and-mortality-in-the-health-aging-and-body-composition-study
#16
Baback Roshanravan, Kushang V Patel, Linda F Fried, Cassianne Robinson-Cohen, Ian H de Boer, Tamara Harris, Rachel A Murphy, Suzanne Satterfield, Bret H Goodpaster, Michael Shlipak, Anne B Newman, Bryan Kestenbaum
BACKGROUND: Mobility limitation is highly prevalent among older adults and is central to the loss of functional independence. Dynamic isokinetic muscle fatigue testing may reveal increased vulnerability to disability and mortality beyond strength testing. METHODS: We studied community-dwelling older adults enrolled in the Health Aging and Body Composition study (age range: 71-82) free of mobility disability and who underwent isokinetic muscle fatigue testing in 1999-2000 (n = 1,963)...
October 21, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906785/210po-in-human-saliva-of-smokeless-tobacco-users
#17
Maria Assunta Meli, Donatella Desideri, Carla Roselli, Laura Feduzi
The occurrence and mobility of Po in oral smokeless tobacco products (STPs) were determined because its effects on human health must be taken into account. This research was subdivided into two parts: determination by alpha spectrometry of the Po activity concentration in 16 oral smokeless tobacco products of different brands purchased in local specialty stores in Europe and evaluation of its percent extraction into an artificial salivary gland during sucking or chewing operations. Polonium-210 was detected in all samples, and its concentrations ranged from 3...
January 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906020/targeting-vulnerable-populations-a-synthetic-review-on-alcohol-use-and-risky-sexual-behaviour-among-migrant-populations
#18
REVIEW
Emilia Maria Vaz Martins-Fonteyn, Nina Sommerland, Herman Meulemans, Olivier Degomme, Ines Raimundo, Edwin Wouters
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated a link between alcohol use and risky sexual behaviour among different types of migrant populations. Therefore, research investigating risk factors associated with alcohol consumption among them is a public health priority. This review aimed to explore the intersection between migration, alcohol consumption and risky sexual behaviour. METHODS: This article is a synthetic review of empirical studies on the association of alcohol and high-risk sexual behaviour among different types of the migrant populations, focusing on measurable outcomes generated from quantitative data...
September 22, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905975/health-profile-of-centenarians-in-portugal-a-census-based-approach
#19
Oscar Ribeiro, Laetitia Teixeira, Lia Araújo, Constança Paúl
BACKGROUND: The number of centenarians is rapidly increasing in Europe. In Portugal, it has almost tripled over the last 10 years and constitutes one of the fastest-growing segments of the population. This paper aims to describe the health and sociodemographic characteristics of Portuguese centenarians as given in the 2011 census and to identify sex differences. METHODS: All persons living in Portugal mainland and Madeira and Azores islands aged 100 years old at the time of the 2011 census (N = 1,526) were considered...
April 12, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905974/dynamic-denominators-the-impact-of-seasonally-varying-population-numbers-on-disease-incidence-estimates
#20
Elisabeth Zu Erbach-Schoenberg, Victor A Alegana, Alessandro Sorichetta, Catherine Linard, Christoper Lourenço, Nick W Ruktanonchai, Bonita Graupe, Tomas J Bird, Carla Pezzulo, Amy Wesolowski, Andrew J Tatem
BACKGROUND: Reliable health metrics are crucial for accurately assessing disease burden and planning interventions. Many health indicators are measured through passive surveillance systems and are reliant on accurate estimates of denominators to transform case counts into incidence measures. These denominator estimates generally come from national censuses and use large area growth rates to estimate annual changes. Typically, they do not account for any seasonal fluctuations and thus assume a static denominator population...
October 12, 2016: Population Health Metrics
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