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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222078/texting-condolences-adapting-mhealth-programs-after-unexpected-pregnancy-and-infant-outcomes
#1
Jennifer A Unger, John Kinuthia, Grace John-Stewart
Mobile health (mHealth) short message system (SMS) interventions for maternal and child health (MCH) are being implemented globally. In many low- and middle-income settings in which these mHealth interventions are being rolled out, stillbirths and neonatal and infant deaths are common. It is important that mHealth solutions do not exacerbate emotional stress and pain by continuing with routine messaging for pregnancy or infant care when someone has experienced loss. In this brief viewpoint paper, we argue that SMS programs for maternal and child health need to adapt and make available messaging for miscarriage, stillbirth, and infant loss...
December 8, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222075/examining-tensions-that-affect-the-evaluation-of-technology-in-health-care-considerations-for-system-decision-makers-from-the-perspective-of-industry-and-evaluators
#2
Laura Desveaux, James Shaw, Ross Wallace, Onil Bhattacharyya, R Sacha Bhatia, Trevor Jamieson
Virtual technologies have the potential to mitigate a range of challenges for health care systems. Despite the widespread use of mobile devices in everyday life, they currently have a limited role in health service delivery and clinical care. Efforts to integrate the fast-paced consumer technology market with health care delivery exposes tensions among patients, providers, vendors, evaluators, and system decision makers. This paper explores the key tensions between the high bar for evidence prior to market approval that guides health care regulatory decisions and the "fail fast" reality of the technology industry...
December 8, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221329/inter-hospital-transports-on-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-different-health-care-systems
#3
Lars Mikael Broman
The feasibility and the recognition of the possibility to transport patients on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) aroused in the 1970s. The number of transporting facilities worldwide was less than 20 in the beginning of the second Millennium. In 2009 the H1N1 pandemic and a publication showing survival benefit for adult patients transported to a hospital with ECMO resource increased both awareness and interest for ECMO treatment. The number of transport organizations increased rapidly. As of today, the number of transport organizations increases world-wide, though some centers where ECMO is an established treatment report decreasing numbers of transports...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220748/assisted-phytostabilization-of-a-multicontaminated-mine-technosol-using-biochar-amendment-early-stage-evaluation-of-biochar-feedstock-and-particle-size-effects-on-as-and-pb-accumulation-of-two-salicaceae-species-salix-viminalis-and-populus-euramericana
#4
Manhattan Lebrun, Florie Miard, Romain Nandillon, Jean-Christophe Léger, Nour Hattab-Hambli, Gabriella S Scippa, Sylvain Bourgerie, Domenico Morabito
Soil contamination by metal(loid)s is one of the most important environmental problem. It leads to loss of environment biodiversity and soil functions and can have harmful effects on human health. Therefore, contaminated soils could be remediated, using phytoremediation. Indeed, plant growth will improve soil conditions while accumulating metal(loid)s and modifying their mobility. However, due to the poor fertility and high metal(loid)s levels of these soils, amendments, like biochar, has to be applied. This study was performed on a former mine technosol contaminated by As and Pb and aimed to study (i) the effect of biochar on soil physico-chemical properties and plant phytostabilization potential (ii) biochar feedstock and particle size effects...
November 28, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220707/hunter-gatherer-health-and-development-policy-how-the-promotion-of-sedentism-worsens-the-agta-s-health-outcomes
#5
Abigail E Page, Tessa Minter, Sylvain Viguier, Andrea Bamberg Migliano
Many hunter-gatherer groups live on the outskirts of wider society, experiencing poor health outcomes with little access to medical care. From a development perspective, key interventions include the sedentarisation of these mobile peoples into camps nearby larger towns with sanitation infrastructure and medical care, as increased access to services is assumed to improve outcomes. However, recent research in the Agta (Philippine foragers from North-east Luzon) has demonstrated that individuals residing in more 'developed' communities suffer from increased morbidity and mortality...
December 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220420/fear-of-falling-predicts-incidence-of-functional-disability-two-years-later-a-perspective-from-an-international-cohort-study
#6
Mohammad Auais, Simon French, Beatriz Alvarado, Catherine Pirkle, Emmanuelle Belanger, Jack Guralnik
Objective: To study the extent to which fear of falling (FOF) is associated with the onset of functional disability over a 2-year period in older adults using self-reported and performance-based measures. Methods: In 2012, 1,601 participants (aged 65-74) were recruited from four sites: Kingston and Saint-Hyacinthe, Canada; Manizales, Colombia; and Natal, Brazil. They were re-assessed in 2014. We quantified FOF using the Fall Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I; range: 16-64)...
December 6, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219905/systems-addressing-frail-elder-care-description-of-a-successful-model
#7
Lianna Zaven Ansryan, Harriet Udin Aronow, Jeff Edward Borenstein, Viola Mena, Flora Haus, Katherine Palmer, Ellen Chan, Jane W Swanson, Sharon Mass, Bradley Rosen, Glenn David Braunstein, Linda Burnes Bolton
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to describe the Systems Addressing Frail Elder (SAFE) Care model, features of the interprofessional team and reengineered workflow, and details of the intervention. BACKGROUND: Older inpatients are vulnerable to adverse events related to frailty. SAFE Care, an interprofessional team-based program, was developed and evaluated in a cluster randomized controlled trial (C-RCT). Results found reduced length of stay and complications...
January 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219875/ehealth-interventions-for-parents-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units-a-systematic-review
#8
Justine Dol, Alannah Delahunty-Pike, Sheren Anwar Siani, Marsha Campbell-Yeo
BACKGROUND: As technology becomes increasingly more advanced, particularly video technology and interactive learning platforms, some neonatal intensive care units are embracing electronic health (eHealth) technologies to enhance and expand their family-centered care environments. Despite the emergence of eHealth, there has been a lack of systematic evaluation of its effectiveness thus far. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of eHealth interventions used in neonatal intensive care units on parent-related and infant outcomes...
December 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219132/assessment-of-the-performance-of-community-directed-treatment-with-ivermectin-strategy-for-the-control-and-elimination-of-onchocerciasis-in-edo-state-nigeria
#9
Amenze Oritsemofe Onowhakpor, Obehi Hilda Okojie, Victoria A Wagbatsoma
BACKGROUND: Community-directed treatment with ivermectin (CDTI) was developed in the mid 1990's as a solution for the control and elimination of onchocerciasis. It requires that ivermectin be administered continuously over a period of at least 14 years with community involvement before elimination can be achieved. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to assess the performance of CDTI strategy for control and elimination of onchocerciasis in endemic Local Government areas of Edo State...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219099/scoping-the-proximal-and-distal-dimensions-of-climate-change-on-health-and-wellbeing
#10
REVIEW
George Paterson Morris, Stefan Reis, Sheila Anne Beck, Lora Elderkin Fleming, William Neil Adger, Timothy Guy Benton, Michael Harold Depledge
The impacts of climate on health and wellbeing occur in time and space and through a range of indirect, complicated mechanisms. This diversity of pathways has major implications for national public health planning and influence on interventions that might help to mitigate and adapt to rapidly changing environmental conditions, nationally and internationally. This paper draws upon evidence from public health and adverse impact studies across climate science, hydrology, agriculture, public health, and the social sciences...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218759/impact-of-pain-and-functional-impairment-in-us-adults-with-haemophilia-patient-reported-outcomes-and-musculoskeletal-evaluation-in-the-pain-functional-impairment-and-quality-of-life-p-fiq-study
#11
C L Kempton, M Recht, A Neff, M Wang, T W Buckner, A Soni, D Quon, M Witkop, L Boggio, R Z Gut, D L Cooper
INTRODUCTION: Standardized and disease-specific patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments assessing pain, functional impairment and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in people with haemophilia (PWH) have been used in studies, but infrequently in comprehensive care settings for individual assessment or treatment planning. AIM: To assess the impact of pain and functional impairment on HRQoL in PWH. METHODS: P-FiQ enrolled 381 adult PWH with a history of joint pain/bleeding and included 5 PROs and a clinical joint evaluation (Hemophilia Joint Health Score v2...
December 8, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217848/a-radio-frequency-radiation-exposure-system-for-rodents-based-on-reverberation-chambers
#12
Myles Capstick, Niels Kuster, Sven Kuehn, Veronica Berdinas-Torres, Yijian Gong, Perry Wilson, John Ladbury, Galen Koepke, David L McCormick, James Gauger, Ronald L Melnick
In this paper we present the novel design features, their technical implementation, and an evaluation of the radio Frequency (RF) exposure systems developed for the National Toxicology Program (NTP) of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) studies on the potential toxicity and carcinogenicity of 2nd and 3rd generation mobile-phone signals. The system requirements for this 2-year NTP cancer bioassay study were the tightly-controlled lifetime exposure of rodents (1568 rats and 1512 mice) to three power levels plus sham simulating typical daily, and higher, exposures of users of GSM and CDMA (IS95) signals...
August 2017: IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217831/the-public-health-impact-of-a-new-simple-practical-technique-for-collection-and-transfer-of-toxic-jellyfish-specimens-and-for-nematocyst-identification
#13
Lakkana Thaikruea, Sineenart Santidherakul
Our team aimed to create a new, simple, and inexpensive technique for collecting and transferring of toxic jellyfish specimens and for nematocysts identification. We collected tentacles of Chironex spp., Morbakka spp., and Physalia spp., and transferred them from the beaches by standard and by 'vacuum sticky tape' (VST) techniques. For the VST technique, our team placed the sticky tape on a tentacle and then folded it over to seal the tentacle in the equivalent of a vacuum. We kept the VST in room temperature...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217645/do-patients-who-die-from-an-alcohol-related-condition-drift-into-areas-of-greater-deprivation-alcohol-related-mortality-and-health-selection-theory-in-scotland
#14
Andrew Pulford, Ruth Gordon, Lesley Graham, James Lewsey, Gerry McCartney, Mark Robinson
BACKGROUND: Health selection has been proposed to explain the patterning of alcohol-related mortality by area deprivation. This study investigated whether persons who die from alcohol-related conditions are more likely to experience social drift than those who die from other causes. METHODS: Deaths recorded in Scotland (2013, >21 years) were coded as 'alcohol-related' or 'other' and by deprivation decile of residence at death. Acute hospital admissions data from 1996 to 2012 were used to provide premortality deprivation data...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217504/challenges-during-implementation-of-a-patient-facing-mobile-app-for-surgical-rehabilitation-feasibility-study
#15
Annie Ys Lau, Kalman Piper, Desmond Bokor, Paige Martin, Victor Sl Lau, Enrico Coiera
BACKGROUND: Translating research into practice, especially the implementation of digital health technologies in routine care, is increasingly important. Yet, there are few studies examining the challenges of implementing patient-facing digital technologies in health care settings. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report challenges experienced when implementing mobile apps for patients to support their postsurgical rehabilitation in an orthopedic setting. METHODS: A mobile app was tailored to the needs of patients undergoing rotator cuff repair...
December 7, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217503/impact-of-an-electronic-health-record-integrated-personal-health-record-on-patient-participation-in-health-care-development-and-randomized-controlled-trial-of-myhealthkeeper
#16
Borim Ryu, Nari Kim, Eunyoung Heo, Sooyoung Yoo, Keehyuck Lee, Hee Hwang, Jeong-Whun Kim, Yoojung Kim, Joongseek Lee, Se Young Jung
BACKGROUND: Personal health record (PHR)-based health care management systems can improve patient engagement and data-driven medical diagnosis in a clinical setting. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was (1) to demonstrate the development of an electronic health record (EHR)-tethered PHR app named MyHealthKeeper, which can retrieve data from a wearable device and deliver these data to a hospital EHR system, and (2) to study the effectiveness of a PHR data-driven clinical intervention with clinical trial results...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217502/the-impact-of-a-mobile-diabetes-health-intervention-on-diabetes-distress-and-depression-among-adults-secondary-analysis-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Charlene C Quinn, Krystal K Swasey, J Christopher F Crabbe, Michelle D Shardell, Michael L Terrin, Erik A Barr, Ann L Gruber-Baldini
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a complex, demanding disease that requires the constant attention of patients. The burden of self-management, including different medication regimens, routine self-care activities, and provider visits, has an impact on patients' emotional well-being. Diabetes distress and depression are two important components of emotional well-being that may negatively affect diabetes outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine the impact of the 1-year Mobile Diabetes Intervention Study cluster randomized clinical trial on emotional well-being measured by diabetes distress and depression among adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D)...
December 7, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216838/a-prediction-model-to-identify-hospitalised-older-adults-with-reduced-physical-performance
#18
Inge H Bruun, Thomas Maribo, Birgitte Nørgaard, Berit Schiøttz-Christensen, Christian B Mogensen
BACKGROUND: Identifying older adults with reduced physical performance at the time of hospital admission can significantly affect patient management and trajectory. For example, such patients could receive targeted hospital interventions such as routine mobilisation. Furthermore, at the time of discharge, health systems could offer these patients additional therapy to maintain or improve health and prevent institutionalisation or readmission. The principle aim of this study was to identify predictors for persisting, reduced physical performance in older adults following acute hospitalisation...
December 7, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216765/using-the-intervention-mapping-and-behavioral-intervention-technology-frameworks-development-of-an-mhealth-intervention-for-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-change
#19
Artur Direito, Deirdre Walsh, Moohamad Hinbarji, Rami Albatal, Mark Tooley, Robyn Whittaker, Ralph Maddison
Few interventions to promote physical activity (PA) adapt dynamically to changes in individuals' behavior. Interventions targeting determinants of behavior are linked with increased effectiveness and should reflect changes in behavior over time. This article describes the application of two frameworks to assist the development of an adaptive evidence-based smartphone-delivered intervention aimed at influencing PA and sedentary behaviors (SB). Intervention mapping was used to identify the determinants influencing uptake of PA and optimal behavior change techniques (BCTs)...
December 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216283/association-between-exercise-type-and-quality-of-life-in-a-community-dwelling-older-people-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Sang-Ho Oh, Don-Kyu Kim, Shi-Uk Lee, Se Hee Jung, Sang Yoon Lee
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the effects of three major representative exercises (resistance, flexibility, and walking) on quality of life (QoL) in a population of community-dwelling older adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study used public data from the Sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2014 (n = 1,586 older people). Demographic factors, three types of exercise, five EuroQoL subsets (mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, anxiety/depression), and QoL scores (EQ-VAS) were investigated...
2017: PloS One
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