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salvage lymph node

P M Jeene, E Versteijne, M I van Berge Henegouwen, J J G H M Bergmann, E D Geijsen, K Muller, H W M van Laarhoven, M C C M Hulshof
The aim of this study was to determine the outcome of salvage definitive chemoradiation (dCRT) for a locoregional recurrence after any prior curative treatment outside previously irradiated areas. Thirty-nine patients treated between January 2005 and December 2014 were reviewed for locoregional recurrent esophageal cancer outside previously irradiated areas. All patients received salvage treatment with external beam radiotherapy (50.4 Gy in 28 fractions) combined with weekly concurrent paclitaxel and carboplatin...
October 21, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
C M An, S X Wang, F Lyu, S Y Liu, Z G Xu, P Z Tang, S G Gao, J L Yi, Z J Li
Objective: To analyze the clinical results of gastric pull-up reconstruction following total pharyngoesophagectomy. Methods: A total of 90 patients with hypopharyngeal or cervical esophageal cancinoma who underwent gatric pull-up reconstruction after pharyngoesophagectomy between June 2006 and June 2015 were reviewed retrospectively. Clinical data were analyzed. Rates of survival, recurrence and complicates were calculated with SPSS software. Results: Of 90 patients, 8 patients had hypopharyngeal cancinoma invading cervical esophagus, 51 patients had cervical esophageal carcinoma, and 31 patients had hypophageal and esophageal multiple parimary carcinomas...
October 7, 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Jay P Reddy, Curtis A Pettaway, Lawrence B Levy, Lance C Pagliaro, Pheroze Tamboli, Priya Rao, Isuru Jayaratna, Karen E Hoffman
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with regional recurrence (RR) following lymphadenectomy for penile cancer in order to determine which patients might benefit from adjuvant therapy. MATERIALS/METHODS: Men who underwent lymphadenectomy for penile squamous cell carcinoma from 1977-2014 were identified from an institutional database. Kaplan-Meier curves estimated recurrence-free survival (RFS) calculated from the date of lymphadenectomy. Cox regression models evaluated the association between RFS and patient and tumor characteristics...
October 18, 2016: BJU International
Elena Incerti, Paola Mapelli, Luigi Gianolli, Maria Picchio
The detection of neoplastic lymph nodal involvement in prostate cancer (PCa) patients has relevant therapeutic and prognostic significance, both in the clinical settings of primary staging and restaging. Lymph nodal dissection (LND) currently represents the gold standard for evaluating the presence of lymph nodal involvement. However, this procedure is invasive, associated with morbidity, and may fail in detecting all potential lymph nodal metastatic regions. Currently the criteria for lymph nodal detection using conventional imaging techniques mainly rely on morphological assessment with unsatisfactory diagnostic accuracy...
October 17, 2016: World Journal of Urology
Naomi E Verstegen, Alexander P W M Maat, Frank J Lagerwaard, Marinus A Paul, Michel I Versteegh, Joris J Joosten, Willem Lastdrager, Egbert F Smit, Ben J Slotman, Joost J M E Nuyttens, Suresh Senan
INTRODUCTION: The literature on surgical salvage, i.e. lung resections in patients who develop a local recurrence following stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR), is limited. We describe our experience with salvage surgery in nine patients who developed a local recurrence following SABR for early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Patients who underwent surgical salvage for a local recurrence following SABR for NSCLC were identified from two Dutch institutional databases...
October 3, 2016: Radiation Oncology
L Depypere, T Lerut, J Moons, W Coosemans, G Decker, H Van Veer, P De Leyn, P Nafteux
Recurrent disease after esophagectomy bears an infaust prognosis, especially when multiple recurrences are present. But little is known about survival in patients with limited recurrence (solitary locoregional recurrence or solid organ metastasis). Herein, we report our experience with these subgroups. We analyzed 1754 consecutive patients surgically treated with curative resection for esophageal cancer and cancer of the gastroesophageal junction between 1990 and 2012. Seven subgroups were defined according to the recurrence type (locoregional vs...
October 5, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
Hannah Wenger, Adam B Weiner, Aria Razmaria, Gladell P Paner, Scott E Eggener
INTRODUCTION: Several institutional studies have suggested that pathological Gleason score≤6 prostate cancer has little or no capacity for metastasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database (SEER, 2004-2011, n = 19,594) and the National Cancer Database (NCDB, 2004-2013, n = 57,540), we identified patients with pathological Gleason score≤6 prostate cancer following radical prostatectomy and lymph node dissection...
September 27, 2016: Urologic Oncology
Jiri Slama, Daniela Fischerova, Michal Zikan, Roman Kocian, Anna Germanova, Filip Fruhauf, Ladislav Dusek, David Cibula
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to compare the sensitivity of various methods and their combinations in the follow-up of patients with cervical cancer after fertility-sparing surgery (FSS). METHODS: Included were women with cervical cancer in stages IA2 to IB2 who underwent FSS, which includes pelvic lymphadenectomy, sentinel lymph node biopsy, abdominal radical trachelectomy, vaginal trachelectomy, or needle conization. Follow-up visits were scheduled at 3-month intervals and included symptom-oriented discussion, gynecological and physical examination, colposcopy, Papanicolaou test, human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA test, and ultrasound examination...
September 23, 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Greta Meredith, David Wong, John Yaxley, Geoff Coughlin, Les Thompson, Boon Kua, Troy Gianduzzo
INTRODUCTION: Early localisation of disease recurrence after definitive treatment of prostate cancer is vital to determine suitability for salvage treatment. Our aim was to further investigate the relationship between prostate specific antigen (PSA) level and detection of suspected cancer recurrence using (68 ) Ga-PSMA PET/CT in patients with biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy (RP) or radiotherapy, particularly at low PSA levels. METHODS: This retrospective single tertiary referral institution cohort study of men reviewed the results of (68 ) Ga-PSMA PET/CT scans for investigation of post RP and post radiotherapy PSA recurrence following primary treatment of prostate cancer...
September 23, 2016: BJU International
Mirei Horiuchi, Hoyuri Fuseya, Minako Tsutsumi, Yoshiki Hayashi, Kiyoyuki Hagihara, Hiroshi Kanashima, Takafumi Nakao, Yuko Fukushima, Takeshi Inoue, Takahisa Yamane
Double-hit lymphomas are rare tumors that are defined by a chromosomal breakpoint affecting the MYC/8q24 locus in combination with another recurrent breakpoint, mainly a t(14; 18)(q32;q21)involving BCL2. We report a case of a 38-yearold woman with a 2-month history of abdominaldistention. 18F-FDG PET showed multiple positive systemic lymph nodes, positive peritoneum, and multiple positive intra-abdominal masses. Histopathology results of the cervical lymph node were compatible with double-hit follicular lymphoma(Grade 3A)because fluorescence in situ hybridization(FISH)demonstrated both MYC rearrangement and BCL2 gene fusion...
September 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Clemens B Tempfer, Matthias W Beckmann
Depending on the stage at initial presentation, cervical cancer will recur in 25-61% of women. Typical manifestations of recurrent cervical cancer include the central pelvis and the pelvic side walls as well as retroperitoneal lymph node basins in the pelvis and the para-aortic region, and - more rarely - supraclavicular lymph nodes. There are no typical symptoms of recurrent cervical cancer. Women with suspected recurrence after cervical cancer based on gynecological examination or organ-specific symptoms must undergo imaging studies and - if technically feasible - biopsy with histological verification, especially in cases of distant metastases, in order to rule out a second primary...
2016: Oncology Research and Treatment
Daniar K Osmonov, Alexey V Aksenov, David Trick, Carsten M Naumann, Moritz F Hamann, Amr Abou Faddan, Klaus-Peter Jünemann
BACKGROUND: The aim was to evaluate cancer-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS) in patients with prostate cancer (PCa) recurrence who underwent salvage extended pelvic lymph node dissection (ePLND), taking into consideration pre- and postoperative androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). METHODS: Salvage ePLND was performed in a cohort of 54 patients with PCa recurrence, and data from 45 patients were analyzed. The indications for salvage ePLND were biochemical recurrence (BCR) of PCa and suspect findings on (11)C-choline PET/CT...
2016: BMC Urology
Francesco Montorsi, Giorgio Gandaglia, Nicola Fossati, Nazareno Suardi, Cristian Pultrone, Ruben De Groote, Zach Dovey, Paolo Umari, Andrea Gallina, Alberto Briganti, Alexandre Mottrie
BACKGROUND: Salvage lymph node dissection has been described as a feasible treatment for the management of prostate cancer patients with nodal recurrence after primary treatment. OBJECTIVE: To report perioperative, pathologic, and oncologic outcomes of robot-assisted salvage nodal dissection (RASND) in patients with nodal recurrence after radical prostatectomy (RP). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We retrospectively evaluated 16 patients affected by nodal recurrence following RP documented by positive positron emission tomography/computed tomography scan...
September 3, 2016: European Urology
Philippe Rinieri, Moussa Ouattara, Geoffrey Brioude, Anderson Loundou, Henri de Lesquen, Delphine Trousse, Christophe Doddoli, Pascal Alexandre Thomas, Xavier Benoit D'Journo
OBJECTIVES: It has been suggested that laparoscopic Ivor Lewis (IL) oesophagectomy reduces postoperative morbidity and mortality rates. However, data related to the long-term outcomes of this hybrid minimally invasive procedure are scarce. METHODS: All of the patients who had an IL oesophagectomy for cancer were extracted from a prospective database. Patients were matched one to one according to the surgical approach (laparoscopy versus laparotomy) and on the basis of a propensity score including eight variables: age, gender, American Society of Anaesthesiologists score, forced expiratory volume in 1 s, surgery (first-line treatment, after neoadjuvant treatment and salvage surgery), histology, location and pathological stage...
September 4, 2016: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Axel Heidenreich, Judd W Moul, Shahrokh Shariat, R Jeffrey Karnes
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Oligometastatic prostate cancer (PCA) has increasingly been detected in the era of modern imaging studies such as choline-specific and prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-positron emission tomography and X-ray computed tomography (PET/CT). Recent evidence suggests that durable control is attainable with local treatment modalities such as salvage metastasectomy or stereotactic radiation therapy targeting oligometastases, either with or without the use of systemic therapy...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Urology
Zachary S Zumsteg, Timothy J Daskivich, Howard M Sandler
The Oncology Grand Rounds series is designed to place original reports published in the Journal into clinical context. A case presentation is followed by a description of diagnostic and management challenges, a review of the relevant literature, and a summary of the authors' suggested management approaches. The goal of this series is to help readers better understand how to apply the results of key studies, including those published in Journal of Clinical Oncology, to patients seen in their own clinical practice...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Ahmed Zewar, Ibrahim Nawaiseh, Imad Jaradat, Jakub Khzouz, Khaleel Alrawashdeh, Ghadeer Abdeen, Mustafa Mehyar, Samer Khurma, Yacoub A Yousef
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was evaluate the features and outcome of management of uveal melanoma in King Hussein Cancer Center as an example of a referral tertiary cancer center in the Middle East. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This was aetrospective, observational case series of 46 eyes of 46 patients with uveal melanoma. Data collection required access to medical records, radiology and pathology reports, and laboratory results. The main outcome measures included age at diagnosis, tumor location and dimensions, TNM stage, treatment modality, visual outcome, metastasis, and mortality...
2016: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
Laura Evangelista, Fabio Zattoni, Robert J Karnes, Giacomo Novara, Val Lowe
To provide a systematic review of recently published reports and carry out a meta-analysis on the use of radiolabeled choline PET/computed tomography (CT) as a guide for salvage lymph node dissection (sLND) in prostate cancer patients with biochemical recurrence after primary treatments. Bibliographic database searches, from 2005 to May 2015, including Pubmed, Web of Science, and TripDatabase, were performed to find studies that included only patients who underwent sLND after radiolabeled choline PET/CT alone or in combination with other imaging modalities...
August 22, 2016: Nuclear Medicine Communications
Nille Birk Wulff, Elo Andersen, Claus Andrup Kristensen, Christian Hjort Sørensen, Birgitte Charabi, Preben Homøe
OBJECTIVE: The primary aims were to determine the rates of and prognostic factors for overall survival, disease specific survival and disease free survival following salvage total laryngectomy. DESIGN: Retrospective longitudinal study. SETTING: Tertiary medical centers. PARTICIPANTS: 142 patients in Eastern Denmark undergoing salvage total laryngectomy for squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx or hypopharynx. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Five-year overall survival, 5-year disease specific survival, 5-year disease free survival and prognostic factors for these outcomes...
August 18, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
Larissa Sweeny, Eben L Rosenthal, Lisa Clemons, Todd M Stevens, Eleanor R Cook McIntosh, William R Carroll
OBJECTIVE: Compare human papillomavirus (HPV) status and outcomes in patients undergoing salvage surgical resection for a recurrent oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC). METHODS: Case series with chart review (2005-2013). RESULTS: Sixty-nine patients were identified who underwent salvage surgical resection for a recurrent OPSCC after primary radiation therapy. There was no difference in the incidence of HPV negative (52%; n=36) and HPV positive (48%; n=33) tumors...
September 2016: Oral Oncology
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