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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442135/-anesthetic-management-of-late-pressure-angioedema
#1
Inês Furtado, Filipe Linda, Sílvia Pica, Marco Monteiro
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Late pressure angioedema is a rare form of angioedema in which light pressure stimulus can lead to edema after 1-12h. This uncommon and unreported entity is especially important in patients who undergo general anesthesia, for whom the usual harmless supine position, intravenous catheter insertion, standard monitoring, airway management and ventilation can lead to life threatening consequences as the trigger is a physical stimulus. CASE REPORT: In this report, we describe a successful perioperative anesthetic management of a 30 year old patient, proposed for intra-ocular lens insertion, with a severe form of the disease with peri-oral, tongue and limb edema presentation...
April 22, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412795/-pay-attention-to-the-complexity-of-cataract-surgery-of-no-vitreous-eyes
#2
Y Z Bao
With wide-spread performance of pars plana vitrectomy, cataract surgeries with no vitreous are getting more and more. This kind of surgery has great difference between individuals and it lacks randomized large sample clinical trial. Surgical strategy decision was basically relied on the surgeon's personal experience. We should fully aware the individual and common characteristics of no vitreous cataract surgery. Surgical time should be carefully decided. Complete ocular examination, evaluation, design of cataract surgical procedure and appropriate intra-ocular lens selection are needed...
April 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273986/a-comparative-study-to-assess-the-predictability-of-different-iol-power-calculation-formulas-in-eyes-of-short-and-long-axial-length
#3
Dharmil Doshi, Purvi Limdi, Nilesh Parekh, Neepa Gohil
INTRODUCTION: Accurate Intraocular Lens (IOL) power calculation in cataract surgery is very important for providing postoperative precise vision. Selection of most appropriate formula is difficult in high myopic and hypermetropic patients. AIM: To investigate the predictability of different IOL (Intra Ocular Lens) power calculation formulae in eyes with short and long Axial Length (AL) and to find out most accurate IOL power calculation formula in both groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted on 80 consecutive patients who underwent phacoemulsification with monofocal IOL implantation after obtaining an informed and written consent...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264049/vitreous-advanced-glycation-endproducts-and-%C3%AE-dicarbonyls-in-retinal-detachment-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-non-diabetic-controls
#4
Bernardina T Fokkens, Douwe J Mulder, Casper G Schalkwijk, Jean L Scheijen, Andries J Smit, Leonoor I Los
PURPOSE: Advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) and their precursors α-dicarbonyls are implicated in the progression of diabetic retinopathy. The purpose of this study was to assess AGEs and α-dicarbonyls in the vitreous of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with early stages or absence of diabetic retinopathy. METHODS: We examined vitreous samples obtained during vitrectomy from 31 T2DM patients presenting themselves with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment and compared these to 62 non-diabetic rhegmatogenous retinal detachment patients, matched on age, estimated glomerular filtration rate, smoking, intra-ocular lens implantation, and proliferative vitreoretinopathy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256400/amphiregulin-antibody-and-reduction-of-axial-elongation-in-experimental-myopia
#5
Wen Jun Jiang, Hui Xin Song, Shao Yu Li, Bin Guo, Jian Feng Wu, Guo Ping Li, Da Dong Guo, De Long Shi, Hong Sheng Bi, Jost B Jonas
To examine the mechanism of ocular axial elongation in myopia, guinea pigs (age: 2-3weeks) which either underwent unilateral or bilateral lens-induced myopization (group 1) or which were primarily myopic at baseline (group 2) received unilateral intraocular injections of amphiregulin antibody (doses: 5, 10, or 15μg) three times in intervals of 9days. A third group of emmetropic guinea pigs got intraocular unilateral injections of amphiregulin (doses: 0.25, 0.50 or 1.00ng, respectively). In each group, the contralateral eyes received intraocular injections of Ringer's solution...
March 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208900/fuchs-heterochromic-iridocylitis-clinical-characteristics-and-outcome-of-cataract-extraction-with-intra-ocular-lens-implantation-in-a-kashmiri-population-a-hospital-based-study
#6
Wasim Rashid, Imtiyaz Lone, Adil Majid Mir, Aamir Rashid, Mehreen Latif
INTRODUCTION: Fuchs Heterochromic Iridocylitis (FHI) is a rare form of uveitis which is frequently complicated by cataract and glaucoma, but it does not show typical features of uveitis like pain, redness and posterior synechia. AIM: To study the clinical characteristics and outcome of cataract extraction with Intra Ocular Lens (IOL) implantation in patients with FHI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present prospective study was carried out in the Postgraduate Department of Ophthalmology, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (SKIMS), Bemina from March 2012 to January 2015...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179694/functional-and-anatomical-outcome-in-closed-globe-combat-ocular-injuries
#7
Qamar Ul Islam, Mazhar Ishaq, Amer Yaqub, Muhammad Kamran Saeed
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the pattern, visual and anatomical outcome of closed globe combat-related ocular injuries sustained by troops. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, and comprised patients with ocular injuries from January 2010 to June 2014. Record of each patient was evaluated and demography, mode and type of injury, initial and final visual acuity, associated globe injuries, concomitant non-ocular injuries, type of surgical procedures and complications were endorsed on a pre-devised proforma...
December 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818207/validation-of-guidelines-for-undercorrection-of-intraocular-lens-power-in-children
#8
Virender Sachdeva, Sushma Katukuri, Ramesh Kekunnaya, Merle Fernandes, Mohammed Hasnat Ali
PURPOSE: Initial undercorrection of intraocular lens (IOL power) is a common practice in children undergoing pediatric cataract surgery. However, the long-term refractive status of these children is largely unknown. The purpose of this study is to analyze the long-term refractive status of these children. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. METHODS: We analyzed records of children (<7 years of age) who underwent cataract surgery with a primary IOL implantation and had completed follow-up to ≥7 years of age...
February 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741256/sustained-antibiotic-eluting-intra-ocular-lenses-a-new-approach
#9
Dulcia W N Tan, Soo Ghim Lim, Tina T Wong, Subbu S Venkatraman
Currently, infections following cataract surgery are not as effectively managed with antibiotic eye drops, which suffer from poor bioavailability of drug and low patient compliance. The ideal solution, which can help to overcome the issue of drug wastage and poor bioavailabilty, as well as the need for frequent applications (patient inconvenience), is a drug-eluting intraocular lens (IOL). We describe a novel approach to such a drug-eluting lens by using a peripheral IOL attachment as a drug depot to deliver antibiotics, Levofloxacin (LFX) or Moxifloxacin (MFX)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668790/flat-panel-ct-for-cochlear-implant-electrode-imaging-comparison-to-multi-detector-ct
#10
Tabassum A Kennedy, Nathan Connell, Timothy Szczykutowicz, Sebastian Schafer, Kevin Royalty, Sara Nace, Brian Gartrell, Samuel Gubbels
HYPOTHESIS: Flat-panel computed tomography (FPCT) will allow more accurate localization of cochlear implants with decreased metallic artifact and decreased radiation dose when compared with multi-detector CT (MDCT). BACKGROUND: The measurement of scalar location and intra-scalar position of cochlear implantation (CI) electrodes using computed tomography (CT) is complicated by metallic image artifact and insufficient scalar resolution. FPCT has been shown to improve upon the resolution of MDCT while reducing artifact...
September 23, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644440/injury-risk-prediction-from-computational-simulations-of-ocular-blast-loading
#11
Ashley A Weaver, Sarah M Stitzel, Joel D Stitzel
A predictive Lagrangian-Eulerian finite element eye model was used to analyze 2.27 and 0.45 kg trinitrotoluene equivalent blasts detonated from 24 different locations. Free air and ground level blasts were simulated directly in front of the eye and at lateral offset locations with box, average, less protective, and more protective orbital anthropometries, resulting in 96 simulations. Injury risk curves were developed for hyphema, lens dislocation, retinal damage, and globe rupture from experimental and computational data to compute risk from corneoscleral stress and intra-ocular pressure computational outputs...
September 19, 2016: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625960/traumatic-endophthalmitis-following-a-crane-pecking-injury-an-unusual-mode
#12
Prabu Baskaran, Seema Ramakrishnan, Pankaja Dhoble, Joseph Gubert
PURPOSE: To report a case of beta-hemolytic streptococcal endophthalmitis following crane-pecking injury. CASE REPORT: A twelve-year-old boy was brought to us by his father with history of crane beak injury in his right eye. On examination, his vision was 6/24 Snellen's acuity. Anterior segment examination showed a full thickness two mm corneo-limbal tear at 1 o'clock with iris prolapse. Pupil showed peaking through the wound with a clear crystalline lens. There was no evidence of hypopyon in the anterior chamber and B-scan ultrasonography showed acoustically clear vitreous with an attached retina...
2016: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27520856/intra-and-interobserver-reliability-of-lens-equatorial-length-measurement-using-35-mhz-ultrasound-biomicroscopy-in-dogs-with-cataract
#13
Charlotte Barbé, Nathaniel Harran, Frédéric Goulle
PURPOSE: To determine intra- and interobserver reliability of lens equatorial length measurement using 35-MHz ultrasound biomicroscopy in dogs with cataract. METHODS: Ocular ultrasonography was performed on 28 dogs (50 eyes) before phacoemulsification. Lens equatorial length was measured on still images obtained at 35 MHz in all dogs. Each observer (A and B) obtained the measurements independently. Coefficients of variation (CVs) were used to assess intraobserver repeatability and interobserver reproducibility...
August 13, 2016: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411190/optimization-of-an-intraocular-lens-for-correction-of-advanced-corneal-refractive-errors
#14
Eddie Wadbro, Per Hallberg, Staffan Schedin
Based on numerical 3D ray tracing, we propose a new procedure to optimize personalized intra-ocular lenses (IOLs). The 3D ray tracing was based on measured corneal elevation data from patients who suffered from advanced keratoconus. A mathematical shape description of the posterior IOL surface, by means of a tensor product cubic Hermite spline, was implemented. The optimized lenses provide significantly reduced aberrations. Our results include a trade-off study that suggests that it is possible to considerably reduce the aberrations with only minor perturbations of an ideal spherical lens...
June 1, 2016: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27391934/is-an-iris-claw-iol-a-good-option-for-correcting-surgically-induced-aphakia-in-children-a-review-of-the-literature-and-illustrative-case-study
#15
REVIEW
R Barbara, S R Rufai, N Tan, J E Self
Refractive correction of aphakia in childhood can be a complex management issue following lensectomy for congenital cataract or ectopia lentis. Some children have inadequate capsular support to allow an 'in the bag' or sulcus fixated intra-ocular lens (IOL). In such cases, options for refractive correction include spectacles, contact lenses, or surgically fixed IOLs. Many methods of IOL fixation have been described, but none are widely adopted in children. In recent years, the iris-fixated Artisan Aphakic IOL has gained popularity, but there is still significant concern about the rate of corneal endothelial cell loss and IOL de-enclavation...
September 2016: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27353987/central-corneal-thickness-and-its-relationship-to-intra-ocular-and-epidmiological-determinants
#16
Ali Tayyab, Amena Masrur, Farooq Afzal, Fyza Iqbal, Kamran Naseem
OBJECTIVE: To measure central corneal thickness in Pakistani population and determine its relationship to intra-ocular pressure, age, gender and ethnicity. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional observation study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan, between December 2013 and February 2015. METHODOLOGY: The right eyes of 1000 cases (496 males and 504 females) were recruited for this study...
June 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27273977/fuchs-endothelial-corneal-dystrophy-a-controlled-prospective-study-on-visual-recovery-after-endothelial-keratoplasty
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Esben Nielsen, Anders Ivarsen, Simon Kristensen, Jesper Hjortdal
PURPOSE: To investigate the determining factors of vision and subjective outcome after Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) for Fuchs' endothelial dystrophy (FECD). METHODS: In a prospective study, 41 FECD patients who received DSAEK were compared to 40 cataract patients with normal corneas who received cataract surgery (control group). Subjects were recruited between March 2013 and July 2014. Observational procedures included the following: best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), contrast sensitivity (CS), Catquest-9SF questionnaire, Scheimpflug tomography and anterior OCT...
December 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27264649/preclinical-assessment-of-scleral-lens-as-a-reservoir-based-ocular-therapeutic-system
#18
Renaud Laballe, Jonathan Vigne, Eric Denion, Florian Lemaitre, Didier Goux, Pierre-Jean Pisella
PURPOSE: Bacterial keratitis is a sight threatening infection of the cornea which remains one of the most important potential complications of contact lens use. If the corneal ulcer is small, peripheral with no impending perforation present, intensive monotherapy with fluoroquinolones could be used. Therefore, a study was conducted with the objective to provide pharmacological data of the intra-ocular diffusion after administration of Ofloxacin using a scleral lens reservoir, as well as an evaluation of surface tolerability in rabbits...
October 2016: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27237964/investigating-the-utility-of-clinical-assessments-to-predict-success-with-presbyopic-contact-lens-correction
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ahmed Sivardeen, Deborah Laughton, James S Wolffsohn
PURPOSE: To determine the utility of a range of clinical and non-clinical indicators to aid the initial selection of the optimum presbyopic contact lens. In addition, to assess whether lens preference was influenced by the visual performance compared to the other designs trialled (intra-subject) or compared to participants who preferred other designs (inter-subject). METHODS: A double-masked randomised crossover trial of Air Optix Aqua multifocal, PureVision 2 for Presbyopia, Acuvue OASYS for Presbyopia, Biofinity multifocal and monovision was conducted on 35 presbyopes (54...
October 2016: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27066719/preloaded-tissues-for-descemet-membrane-endothelial-keratoplasty
#20
Mohit Parekh, Alessandro Ruzza, Stefano Ferrari, Massimo Busin, Diego Ponzin
INTRODUCTION: To determine the feasibility of preloading endothelial tissues for Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK). DESIGN: Laboratory investigation. METHODS: setting: Institutional. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty human donor corneas unsuitable for transplantation with endothelial cell density in a range of 1600-2700 cells/mm(2). INTERVENTION: The endothelium was punched, stripped (8.5 mm diameter) and manually tri-folded with the endothelial side inward...
June 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
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