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Ademar Francisco de Oliveira, Gêssyca Adryene de Menezes Silva, Débora Milenna Xavier Almeida
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a progressive and fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by the degeneration of motor neurons, which are the central nervous system cells that control voluntary muscle movements. The excessive salivation (sialorrhea) is present in approximately 50% of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis cases. Thus, some alternative therapeutic methods are sought, such as anticholinergic drugs and surgery. Recently the use of botulinum toxin applied at a midpoint of the salivary glands, often guided by ultrasound, have demonstrated positive results...
July 2016: Einstein
Carol Ann Flavell, Susan Gordon, Laurence Marshman
BACKGROUND: Physiotherapists use musculo-skeletal classification systems for patient assessment. Since its early development, the McKenzie lumbar spine assessment (MK) has been incorporated into examination algorithms and combined with a series of patho-anatomical diagnostic tests. No previous studies have used a MK and a combined examination (MK-C) to provide a detailed profile of patients, report and compare the classification characteristics of a chronic low back pain (CLBP) population...
October 5, 2016: Manual Therapy
Eric A Kirk, Colin W Moore, Eric J Chater-Diehl, Shiva M Singh, Charles L Rice
PURPOSE: Polymorphisms of the collagen type V alpha 1 chain (COL5A1) gene are purported to influence mechanical properties of collagenous tissues. Our purpose was to assess musculo-tendinous contractile properties of the quadriceps in relation to the genetic influence of mechanical stiffness.. METHODS: Eighty, recreationally active males (ages 19-31 y) were assessed for the presence of three genetic polymorphisms associated with COL5A1 stability (rs4919510, rs1536482 and rs12722)...
September 26, 2016: Experimental Physiology
Andréa Cavalcante Dos Santos, Carlos Antonio Bruno da Silva
Background: Surface electromyography identifies changes in the electrical potential of the muscles during each contraction. The percentage of use is a way to treat values enabling comparison between groups. Aim: To analyze the electrical activity and the percentage of use of masseter and temporal muscles during chewing in candidates for gastric bypass. Methods: It was used Surface Electromyography Miotool 200,400 (Miotec (r), Porto Alegre/RS, Brazil) integrated with Miograph 2...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
José Francisco Sales Chagas, Maria Beatriz Nogueira Pascoal, José Luís Braga Aquino, Luís Antônio Brandi, Evandro Von Zuben Previtale, Ana Sofia Pontes Trillo, Otávio Alberto Curioni, Abrão Rapoport, Rogério Aparecido Dedivitis
OBJECTIVE: to assess the efficacy of the single transverse extended cervical incision in radical neck dissection. METHOD: we conducted a prospective study, from January 2008 to January 2009, with 18 patients undergoing surgical treatment of malignant tumors of the upper aero-digestive tract. The primary lesion was located in the oral cavity in eight cases, in the oropharynx in three, in the hypopharynx in three, in the larynx in two, in the maxillary sinus, and in one case, the primary injury was hidden...
July 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
Duong-Minh Nguyen, Isabelle Laffont, Arnaud Dupeyron
OBJECTIVE: Martial arts are physical and meditative discipline available as complementary strategies able to improve functional capacity, physical performances, postural control of patients suffering from chronical diseases. They can probably slow their clinical evolution. The objective of this communication is a review of the literature about the effects of martial arts training into a said chronical disease. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: A literature research in PubMed and Pedro databases was performed with the following keywords: martial arts, rehabilitation, chronic disease, neurologic disorders, heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, musculo-squelettal disorders, low back pain...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
José-Luis Barnay, Andre Cabie, Sylvie Abel, Emilie Javelle, Odile Troisgros, Patrick René-Corail
Arboviruses cause very recurrent epidemics, the oldest Dengue, known especially outside the flu-like syndrome with high fever mainly impacting vulnerable populations, may be responsible for severe hemorrhagic fevers, but also a few cases of Guillain-Barré syndrome. In 2014, the French Antilles occurred an outbreak of Chikungunya, following that of the Reunion's outbreak. During this period have been described, the articular and musculo-squellettic lesions, responsible for loss of autonomy in populations already carriers of chronic inflammatory joint damage or mechanical, but also a heavy impact on the autonomy of elderly and frail people...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Christian Fontaine, Xavier Lannes, Aurélien Aumar, Michel-Yves Grauwin, Nadine Nachef, Étienne Allart
OBJECTIVE: The spastic hemiplegic patient often presents dystonia of extensor hallucis longus (EHL) and, more rarely, extensor digitorum longus (EDL). This dystonia is difficult to treat by tendon lengthening, because its primum movens is purely neurological without retraction musculo-tendinous. A hyponeurotisation by partial section of the branches of the common and deep fibular nerve(s) could be a therapeutic alternative to botulinum toxin injections. Its technique has never been described...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
K Karzis, M Kalogeris, D Mandalidis, N Geladas, K Karteroliotis, S Athanasopoulos
The purpose of this study was to investigate Achilles tendon blood flow in individuals with overpronated feet during non-weight- and weight-bearing positions. Achilles tendon blood flow was measured by means of the pulsatility index (PI) and the resistance index (RI) in 15 male individuals with overpronated feet and 15 counterparts with normal feet, using power Doppler ultrasonography (PDI). Achilles tendon ultrasonographic (US) assessment was performed at its musculo-tendinous junction (MTJ), mid-tendon (MT), and osseotendinous junction (OTJ) at a non-weight-bearing relaxed position (RP) and during two-leg stance (TLS) and one-leg upright stance (OLS)...
September 27, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Abhinitha Padavinangadi, Naveen Kumar, Mohandas Kg Rao, Satheesha B Nayak
Chondroepitrochlearis (CET) is an anomalous muscular slip that originates from the pectoralis major muscle and inserts into epicondyle of the humerus. The morphology of this variant form of pectoralis major can vary from slender to strong musculo-tendinous. In its course, it usually crosses the neurovascular structures of arm; their compression is a major complication that could be manifested by its persistence. In the present case, potentially anomalous CET muscle with the slender slip of origin, but strong tendinous insertion to the medial epicondyle of the humerus was found unilaterally...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Gursharan Kalsi, Nicola R Fry, Adam P Shortland
BACKGROUND: Our understanding of the interaction of muscle bellies and their tendons in individuals with muscle pathology is limited. Knowledge of these interactions may inform us of the effects of musculoskeletal pathologies on muscle-tendon dynamics and the subsequent neurological control strategies used in gait. Here, we investigate gastrocnemius muscle-tendon interaction in typically-developing (TD) adults and children, and in children with spastic cerebral palsy (SCP). METHODS: We recruited six TD adults (4 female; mean age: 34 yrs...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
Daniela Medeiros Lobo de Andrade, Leonardo Luis Borges, Ieda Maria Sapateiro Torres, Edemilson Cardoso da Conceição, Matheus Lavorenti Rocha
Background: Despite the important biological effects of jabuticaba, its actions on the cardiovascular system have not been clarified. Objectives: To determine the effects of jabuticaba hydroalcoholic extract (JHE) on vascular smooth muscle (VSM) of isolated arteries. Methods: Endothelium-denuded aortic rings of rats were mounted in isolated organ bath to record isometric tension. The relaxant effect of JHE and the influence of K+ channels and Ca2+ intra- and extracellular sources on JHE-stimulated response were assessed...
September 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Soroush Safaei, Christopher P Bradley, Vinod Suresh, Kumar Mithraratne, Alexandre Muller, Harvey Ho, David Ladd, Leif R Hellevik, Stig W Omholt, J Geoffrey Chase, Lucas O Müller, Sansuke M Watanabe, Pablo J Blanco, Bernard de Bono, Peter J Hunter
Computational models of many aspects of the mammalian cardiovascular circulation have been developed. Indeed, along with orthopaedics, this area of physiology is one that has attracted much interest from engineers, presumably because the equations governing blood flow in the vascular system are well understood and can be solved with well-established numerical techniques. Unfortunately, there have been only a few attempts to create a comprehensive public domain resource for cardiovascular researchers. In this paper we proposed a roadmap for developing an open source cardiovascular circulation model...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Physiology
Jui-Hung Kao, Chaur-Dong Chen, Zheng-Rong Tiger Li, Ta-Chien Chan, Tsung-Hwa Tung, Yin-Hsia Chu, Hau-Yuan Cheng, Jien-Wei Liu, Fuh-Yuan Shih, Pei-Yun Shu, Chien-Chou Lin, Wu-Hsiung Tsai, Chia-Chi Ku, Chi-Kung Ho, Chwan-Chuen King
The increasing dengue burden and epidemic severity worldwide have highlighted the need to improve surveillance. In non-endemic areas such as Taiwan, where outbreaks start mostly with imported cases from Southeast Asia, a closer examination of surveillance dynamics to detect cases early is necessary. To evaluate problems with dengue surveillance and investigate the involvement of different factors at various epidemic stages, we investigated 632 laboratory-confirmed indigenous dengue cases in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan during 2009-2010...
2016: PloS One
William B Grant, Spyridon N Karras, Heike A Bischoff-Ferrari, Cedric Annweiler, Barbara J Boucher, Asta Juzeniene, Cedric F Garland, Michael F Holick
Several reports describe U-shaped 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration-health outcomes, including musculo-skeletal disorders such as falls and fractures, several cancers, cardiovascular disease (CVD), cognitive function, all-cause mortality rates, birth outcomes, allergic reactions, frailty, and some other disorders. This paper reviews reports of U-shaped outcome associations with vitamin D status for evidence of underlying pathophysiological processes, or of confounding, finding that some U-shaped associations appear to be biologically meaningful, but that many could well reflect confounding by factors such as lifestyle, or hypovitaminosis D-related disease onset being masked by self-supplementation that was begun too late to correct developing health problems but before baseline vitamin D status assessment...
January 2016: Dermato-endocrinology
L A Starodubtseva, L V Vasilieva
The osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are considered as the most prevalent diseases in the structure of diseases of musculoskeletal system. The higher social significance of these nosologies dictates necessity of searching reliable cartilage biomarkers having diagnostic validity both in discerning degenerative alterations at early stage of disease of joints and in monitoring of treatment effectiveness. The content of oligomeric matrix protein of cartilage using ELISA was evaluated in blood serum ofpatients with secondary osteoarthritis under rheumatoid arthritis (n=248)...
February 2016: Klinicheskaia Laboratornaia Diagnostika
O V Ezhova, E A Egorova, V V Malakhov
The ultrastructure of the axial organ of Asterias amurensis has been studied The organ is a network of canals of the axial coelom separated by haemocoelic spaces. The axial coelom is lined with two types of monociliary cells: podocytes and musculo-epithelial cells. Podocytes form numerous basal processes adjacent to the basal lamina on the coelomic side. Musculo-epithelial cells form processes running along the basal lamina. Some bundles of these processes wrapped in the basal lamina pass through haemocoelic spaces between neighboring coelomic canals...
May 2016: Doklady Biological Sciences: Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Biological Sciences Sections
S Kalaiselvi, N Ramachandran, D Nair, C Palanivel
Background: Planning of healthcare services at the primary care level needs to account for common prevailing problems and disabilities among elderly in the community to improve their quality of life. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of self-reported morbidities and functional disabilities among the elderly and to find out predictors and barriers of health seeking behavior against functional disabilities. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in two areas from the urban field practice area of a tertiary care institute in Puducherry during January to February 2014...
November 6, 2015: West Indian Medical Journal
A Singal, S Vohra, R Sharma, S Bhatt
BACKGROUND: Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome is a rare clinical entity. CASE CHARACTERISTICS: A 13-year-old Indian boy presented with characteristic cutaneous lesions, gastrointestinal malformations, skeletal involvement and pulmonary stenosis. OBSERVATIONS: Diagnosis was confirmed on skin biopsy, radiographic evaluation, colonoscopy and echocardiography. Echocardiography revealed pulmonary stenosis, an association hitherto undescribed. MESSAGE: Detailed evaluation in a patient of blue rubber bleb nerves syndrome is mandatory...
June 8, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
Frank E Cordray
Dental instrumentation has long provided insight into the mechanism of musculo-skeletal function of the gnathic system. While large population studies associate dental arch displacement (DAD), especially laterally, with symptoms, mandibular condyle displacement (CD) resulting from DAD has not been targeted as possibly etiologic in the production of common muscle contraction headache (CMCH) and temporo-mandibular dysfunction (TMD). The objective was to evaluate the three-dimensional nature of DAD and CD between the seated condylar position (SCP) and the intercuspal position (ICP) and to compare results derived from large deprogrammed asymptomatic and symptomatic populations...
2016: International Journal of Oral Science
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