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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106286/tendinopathy-in-diabetes-mellitus-patients-epidemiology-pathogenesis-and-management
#1
REVIEW
Pauline Po Yee Lui
Chronic tendinopathy is a frequent and disabling musculo-skeletal problem affecting the athletic and general populations. The affected tendon is presented with local tenderness, swelling, and pain which restrict the activity of the individual. Tendon degeneration reduces the mechanical strength and predisposes it to rupture. The pathogenic mechanisms of chronic tendinopathy are not fully understood and several major non-mutually exclusive hypotheses including activation of the hypoxia-apoptosis-pro-inflammatory cytokines cascade, neurovascular ingrowth, increased production of neuromediators, and erroneous stem cell differentiation have been proposed...
January 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088314/is-advanced-paternal-age-a-health-risk-for-the-offspring
#2
REVIEW
Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen, Stine Kjaer Urhoj
In this article we review the epidemiologic evidence for adverse health effects in offspring of fathers of advanced age. First the evidence regarding fetal survival is addressed, and afterward we review the evidence regarding morbidity in children with older fathers. The adverse conditions most consistently associated with increased paternal age are stillbirths, musculo-skeletal syndromes, cleft palate, acute lymphoblastic leukemia and retinoblastoma, and neurodevelopmental disorders in the autism spectrum and schizophrenia...
January 11, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079133/mechanical-transgressive-segregation-and-the-rapid-origin-of-trophic-novelty
#3
Roi Holzman, C Darrin Hulsey
Hybrid phenotypes are often intermediate between those of parental species. However, hybridization can generate novel phenotypes when traits are complex. For instance, even when the morphologies of individual musculo-skeletal components do not segregate outside the parental range in hybrid offspring, complex functional systems can exhibit emergent phenotypes whose mechanics exceed the parental values. To determine if transgression in mechanics could facilitate divergence during an adaptive radiation, we examined three functional systems in the trophic apparatus of Lake Malawi cichlid fishes...
January 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076605/isolated-primary-amyloidosis-of-the-inferior-rectus-muscle-mimicking-graves-orbitopathy
#4
Mário Luiz Ribeiro Monteiro, Allan Christian Pieroni Gonçalves, Alanna Mara Pinheiro Sobreira Bezerra
The diagnosis of Graves' orbitopathy is usually straightforward. However, orbital diseases that mimick some clinical signs of Graves' orbitopathy may cause diagnostic confusion, particularly when associated to some form of thyroid dysfunction. This report describes the rare occurrence of localized inferior rectus muscle amyloidosis in a patient with autoimmune hypothyroidism, who was misdiagnosed as Graves' orbitopathy. A 48-year-old man complained of painless progressive proptosis on the left side and intermittent vertical diplopia for 6 months...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076473/influence-of-tobacco-alcohol-and-diabetes-on-the-collagen-of-cremaster-muscle-in-patients-with-inguinal-hernias
#5
Sérgio Ferreira Módena, Eduardo José Caldeira, Marco Antonio O Peres, Nelson Adami Andreollo
Background: New findings point out that the mechanism of formation of the hernias can be related to the collagenous tissues, under activity of aggressive agents such as the tobacco, alcohol and diabetes. Aim: To analyze the collagen present in the cremaster muscle in patients with inguinal hernias, focusing the effect of tobacco, alcohol, and diabetes. Methods: Fifteen patients with inguinal hernia divided in three groups were studied: group I (n=5) was control; group II (n=5) were smokers and/or drinkers; and group III (n=5) had diabetes mellitus...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050113/a-rare-musculo-septal-aponeurotic-tunnel-in-the-arm-with-anomalous-arterial-pattern
#6
Aparna Muraleedharan, Raveendranath Veeramani, Parkash Chand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048585/tu-d-206-03-ts-body-dose
#7
J Sabol
: The current use of tomosynthesis for musculo-skeletal, abdominal, and thoracic imaging will be considered in four sections: A. Current Practice (M. Bath) : The presently available systems for body tomosynthesis will be reviewed and the current diagnostic applications described. B. Image Features and artifacts (M. FLynn): The consequence of a limited angle linear acquisition scan on image features and artifacts will be explained. C. Radiation Dose (J. Sabol): The organ dose associated with common tomosynthesis protocols will be reported and compared to the dose for radiographic and computed tomography procedures...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048053/tu-d-206-00-body-tomosynthesis
#8
Michael Flynn
: The current use of tomosynthesis for musculo-skeletal, abdominal, and thoracic imaging will be considered in four sections: A. Current Practice (M. Bath) : The presently available systems for body tomosynthesis will be reviewed and the current diagnostic applications described. B. Image Features and artifacts (M. FLynn): The consequence of a limited angle linear acquisition scan on image features and artifacts will be explained. C. Radiation Dose (J. Sabol): The organ dose associated with common tomosynthesis protocols will be reported and compared to the dose for radiographic and computed tomography procedures...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047922/tu-d-206-04-body-ts-acceptance-testing-and-qc
#9
A Jones
: The current use of tomosynthesis for musculo-skeletal, abdominal, and thoracic imaging will be considered in four sections: A. Current Practice (M. Bath) : The presently available systems for body tomosynthesis will be reviewed and the current diagnostic applications described. B. Image Features and artifacts (M. FLynn): The consequence of a limited angle linear acquisition scan on image features and artifacts will be explained. C. Radiation Dose (J. Sabol): The organ dose associated with common tomosynthesis protocols will be reported and compared to the dose for radiographic and computed tomography procedures...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047392/tu-d-206-01-body-tomosynthesis-introduction
#10
M Bath
: The current use of tomosynthesis for musculo-skeletal, abdominal, and thoracic imaging will be considered in four sections: A. Current Practice (M. Bath) : The presently available systems for body tomosynthesis will be reviewed and the current diagnostic applications described. B. Image Features and artifacts (M. FLynn): The consequence of a limited angle linear acquisition scan on image features and artifacts will be explained. C. Radiation Dose (J. Sabol): The organ dose associated with common tomosynthesis protocols will be reported and compared to the dose for radiographic and computed tomography procedures...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046727/tu-d-206-02-body-tomosynthesis-image-features-and-artifacts
#11
M Flynn
: The current use of tomosynthesis for musculo-skeletal, abdominal, and thoracic imaging will be considered in four sections: A. Current Practice (M. Bath) : The presently available systems for body tomosynthesis will be reviewed and the current diagnostic applications described. B. Image Features and artifacts (M. FLynn): The consequence of a limited angle linear acquisition scan on image features and artifacts will be explained. C. Radiation Dose (J. Sabol): The organ dose associated with common tomosynthesis protocols will be reported and compared to the dose for radiographic and computed tomography procedures...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043853/the-biology-of-rotator-cuff-healing
#12
REVIEW
M-A Zumstein, A Lädermann, S Raniga, M-O Schär
Despite advances in surgical reconstruction of chronic rotator cuff (RC) tears leading to improved clinical outcomes, failure rates of 13-94% have been reported. Reasons for this rather high failure rate include compromised healing at the bone-tendon interface, as well as the musculo-tendinous changes that occur after RC tears, namely retraction and muscle atrophy, as well as fatty infiltration. Significant research efforts have focused on gaining a better understanding of these pathological changes in order to design effective therapeutic solutions...
December 30, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028866/factors-affecting-pain-relief-in-response-to-physical-exercise-interventions-among-healthcare-workers
#13
M D Jakobsen, E Sundstrup, M Brandt, L L Andersen
The aim of this study is to identify factors associated with musculo-skeletal pain reduction during workplace-based or home-based physical exercise interventions among healthcare workers. Two hundred female healthcare workers (age: 42.0, BMI: 24.1, average pain intensity: 3.1 on a scale of 0-10) from three hospitals participated. Participants were randomly allocated at the cluster level (18 departments) to 10 weeks of (i) workplace physical exercise (WORK) performed in groups during working hours for 5 × 10 minutes per week and up to five group-based coaching sessions on motivation for regular physical exercise, or (ii) home-based physical exercise (HOME) performed alone during leisure-time for 5 × 10 minutes per week...
December 28, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000493/accessory-coracobrachialis-muscle-with-two-bellies-and-abnormal-insertion-case-report
#14
George Paraskevas, Konstantinos Koutsouflianiotis, Kalliopi Iliou, Theodosis Bitsis, Panagiotis Kitsoulis
OBJECTIVE: In the current study a brief review is presented of the coracobrachialis muscle's morphological variability, action, embryological development and clinical significance. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a left-sided coracobrachialis muscle consisting of two bellies. The deep belly inserts into the usual site in the middle area of the anteromedial aspect of the left humerus, whereas the superficial belly inserts through a muscular slip into the brachial fascia and the medial intermuscular septum, forming a musculo-aponeurotic tunnel in the middle region of the left arm, for the passage of the median nerve, brachial artery and veins, medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve and ulnar nerve...
November 2016: Acta Medica Academica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968857/surgical-treatment-of-patients-with-lung-cancer-and-bone-metastases-a-prospective-observational-study
#15
Wang Zhiyu, Zhang Rui, Wang Shuai, Zhao Hui
BACKGROUND: As life expectancy improves in patients with lung cancer and bone metastases, effective surgical treatment to relieve pain and improve quality of life and neurological function is increasingly needed. Indications for surgery in patients with bone metastases are controversial. We aimed to assess a protocol for the surgery of patients with lung cancer and bone metastases. METHODS: We developed a surgical protocol for both spinal and appendicular metastases...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909818/presto-lift-a-facelift-that-preserves-the-retaining-ligaments-and-smas-tethering
#16
Wolfgang Funk
BACKGROUND: Producing youthful facial appearance by face-lifting often comes along with an undesired loss of patient's individual phenotype. This may result from insufficient preservation of retaining ligaments, the "guardians of facial identify," and from severance of the intersegmental connections of the superficial musculo-aponeurotic system (SMAS), which tether, structure, and compartmentalize facial soft tissue into defined, relevant anatomical zones. METHODS: The technique reported here preserves most retaining ligaments...
December 2, 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870342/the-mobility-of-the-human-face-more-than-just-the-musculature
#17
Anne M Burrows, Carolyn R Rogers-Vizena, Ly Li, Bryan Mendelson
The human face has the greatest mobility and facial display repertoire among all primates. However, the variables that account for this are not clear. Humans and other anthropoids have remarkably similar mimetic musculature. This suggests that differences among the mimetic muscles alone may not account for the increased mobility and facial display repertoire seen in humans. Furthermore, anthropoids themselves outpace prosimians in these categories: humans > other anthropoids > prosimians. This study was undertaken to clarify the morphological underpinnings of the increased mobility and display repertoire of the human face by investigating the SMAS (the superficial musculo-aponeurotic system), a connective tissue layer enclosing the mimetic musculature located between the skin and deep fascia/periosteum...
December 2016: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847971/risk-factors-of-severe-incisional-hernia-after-renal-transplantation-a-retrospective-multicentric-case-control-study-on-225-patients
#18
E Broggi, F Bruyère, F Gaudez, F Desgrandchamps
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the incidence of severe incisional hernias and find their specific risk factors in renal transplant patients. METHODS: This retrospective multicentric case-control study focused on 225 kidney transplant patients among 4348 patients transplanted during this period within two French university hospitals (Saint-Louis/Lariboisière in Paris and Tours, Loire Valley) from 2000 to 2014 and from 1995 to 2014, respectively. Forty-five patients developed a severe incisional hernia after renal transplantation...
November 15, 2016: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812679/acute-ethanol-intake-induces-nad-p-h-oxidase-activation-and-rhoa-translocation-in-resistance-arteries
#19
Janaina A Simplicio, Ulisses Vilela Hipólito, Gabriel Tavares do Vale, Glaucia Elena Callera, Camila André Pereira, Rhian M Touyz, Rita de Cássia Tostes, Carlos R Tirapelli
Background: The mechanism underlying the vascular dysfunction induced by ethanol is not totally understood. Identification of biochemical/molecular mechanisms that could explain such effects is warranted. Objective: To investigate whether acute ethanol intake activates the vascular RhoA/Rho kinase pathway in resistance arteries and the role of NAD(P)H oxidase-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) on such response. We also evaluated the requirement of p47phox translocation for ethanol-induced NAD(P)H oxidase activation...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792114/restrained-differential-growth-the-initiating-event-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#20
Tom Joris Crijns, Agnita Stadhouder, Theodoor Henri Smit
STUDY DESIGN: Experimental model study and a short review of literature. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore a new hypothesis suggesting that the curvatures seen in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) originate from restrained differential growth between the vertebral column and the surrounding musculo-ligamentary structures. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Despite decades of research, there is no generally accepted theory on the physical origin of the severe spinal deformations seen in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis...
October 25, 2016: Spine
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