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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265768/changes-in-elbow-joint-s-musculo-articular-mechanical-properties-do-not-alter-reaching-related-action-perception-coupling
#1
Yannick Daviaux, Thibault Deschamps, Christophe Cornu
PURPOSE: Perception of action capabilities can be altered by changes in sensorimotor processes, as showed in previous works in populations dealing with regular and pathological sensorimotor deficits. Misestimating changes in performance ability could lead to risky behavior, injury, and/or reduced performance. However, the relationship between sensorimotor processes, the action-perception coupling, and the related anatomical structures is still a matter of debate. We investigated whether changes in the muscle-tendon system's mechanical properties experimentally induced by eccentric contractions could alter the action-perception coupling (APC) in a reaching-to-grasp task, in which the participants estimated the maximal distance they predicted that they would able to reach a glass...
March 6, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255618/absent-external-oblique-musculo-aponeurotic-complex-during-inguinal-hernioplasty-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#2
Royson Dsouza, Nachiket Shankar, Rohin Gurubatham, Wesley Rajaleelan, Nandakumar Menon
The external oblique musculo-aponeurotic complex is an important contributor to the strength of the inguinal canal. The present case report describes the bilateral absence of the external oblique muscle in a patient. A 40-year-old male patient presented with a history of intermittent lower abdominal pain for 15 years which had increased over the past 2 years. Abdominal examination revealed bilateral reducible, incomplete, direct inguinal hernia. Elective bilateral Lichtenstein's mesh hernioplasty was planned for the patient...
March 3, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255261/validation-of-the-french-version-of-the-patterns-of-activity-measure-in-patients-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain
#3
Charles Benaim, Bertrand Léger, Philippe Vuistiner, François Luthi
Background. The "Patterns of Activity Measure" (POAM-P) is a self-administered questionnaire that assesses "avoidance", "pacing" and "overdoing" activity patterns in chronic pain patients. Objectives. To adapt the POAM-P to French ("POAM-P/F") and test its validity and reliability in Chronic Musculo-Skeletal Pain patients (CMSP). Methods. We followed the recommended procedure for translation of questionnaires. Five hundred and ninety five inpatients, admitted to a tertiary rehab center in the French-speaking part of Switzerland for chronic pain after orthopedic trauma, were included (sex ratio M/F = 4...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146290/clinical-findings-treatment-and-outcome-in-11-dairy-heifers-with-breakdown-injury-due-to-interosseous-medius-muscle-rupture
#4
Karl Nuss, Jasmin Boppart, Hans Geyer
OBJECTIVE: To describe the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of fetlock breakdown due to interosseus medius muscle rupture in cattle. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study. ANIMALS: Dairy heifers with unilateral or bilateral interosseus medius muscle rupture (n = 11). METHODS: Breakdown injury due to rupture of the interosseus medius muscle was documented clinically, radiographically, and ultrasonographically...
February 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141557/laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-band-lagb-migration-endoscopic-treatment-modalities
#5
Tomasz Klimczak, Tomasz Szewczyk, Przemysław Janczak, Piotr Jurałowicz
Laparoscopic adjustible gastric binding (LAGB) is one of most common surgical methods of treating obesity. Gastric band migration (erosion) is a typical LAGB complication, with a frequency of about 1-4%. The aim of the study was to present the possibilities of endoscopic diagnosis and treatment of this complication. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was carried out in the Department of Gastroenterological, Oncological and General Surgery in Łódź. Between 2008 and 2015, 450 gastric bands were implanted using the laparoscopic technique in 318 (71%) women and 132 (29%) men...
December 1, 2016: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139009/the-twisted-structure-of-the-achilles-tendon-unraveled-a-detailed-quantitative-and-qualitative-anatomical-investigation
#6
P A Pękala, B M Henry, A Ochała, P Kopacz, G Tatoń, A Młyniec, J A Walocha, K A Tomaszewski
The Achilles tendon (AT) consists of fibers originating from the soleus muscle (SOL), which lies deep, and the medial (GM) and lateral (GL) heads of the gastrocnemius muscle, which lie superficial. As the fibers descend toward the insertion of the AT, the individual subtendons twist around each other. The aim of this study was to investigate the twisted structure of the AT and its individual subtendons. Specimens of the AT, with preserved calcaneal bone and a fragment of the triceps surae muscle, were obtained from 53 fresh-frozen, male cadavers (n=106 lower limbs)...
January 30, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131485/twente-spine-model-a-complete-and-coherent-dataset-for-musculo-skeletal-modeling-of-the-lumbar-region-of-the-human-spine
#7
Riza Bayoglu, Leo Geeraedts, Karlijn H J Groenen, Nico Verdonschot, Bart Koopman, Jasper Homminga
Musculo-skeletal modeling can greatly help in understanding normal and pathological functioning of the spine. For such models to produce reliable muscle and joint force estimations, an adequate set of musculo-skeletal data is necessary. In this study, we present a complete and coherent dataset for the lumbar spine, based on medical images and dissection measurements from one embalmed human cadaver. We divided muscles into muscle-tendon elements, digitized their attachments at the bones and measured morphological parameters...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124381/broad-spectrum-health-improvements-with-one-year-of-soccer-training-in-inactive-mildly-hypertensive-middle-aged-women
#8
P Krustrup, M-B Skoradal, M B Randers, P Weihe, J Uth, J Mortensen, M Mohr
The study tested the hypothesis that long-term soccer training has positive impact on cardiovascular profile, body composition, bone health, and physical capacity in inactive, pre-menopausal women with mild hypertension. The study applied a randomized controlled design in which physically inactive middle-aged women were separated into a soccer training group (n=19; SOC) and a control group (n=12; CON). SOC performed 128±29 (±SD) one-h small-sided soccer training sessions over one year. Blood pressure, body composition, blood lipid profile, and fitness level were determined pre- and post-intervention...
January 25, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110688/intradialytic-creatine-supplementation-a-scientific-rationale-for-improving-the-health-and-quality-of-life-of-dialysis-patients
#9
Theo Wallimann, Uwe Riek, Michael Möddel
The CK/PCr-system, with creatine (Cr) as an energy precursor, plays a crucial role in cellular physiology. In the kidney, as in other organs and cells with high and fluctuating energy requirements, energy-charged phospho-creatine (PCr) acts as an immediate high-energy source and energy buffer, and as an intracellular energy transport vehicle. A maximally filled total Cr (Cr plus PCr) pool is a prerequisite for optimal functioning of the body and its organs, and health. Skeletal- and cardiac muscles of dialysis patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are depleted of Cr in parallel with the duration of dialysis...
February 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106286/tendinopathy-in-diabetes-mellitus-patients-epidemiology-pathogenesis-and-management
#10
REVIEW
Pauline Po Yee Lui
Chronic tendinopathy is a frequent and disabling musculo-skeletal problem affecting the athletic and general populations. The affected tendon is presented with local tenderness, swelling, and pain which restrict the activity of the individual. Tendon degeneration reduces the mechanical strength and predisposes it to rupture. The pathogenic mechanisms of chronic tendinopathy are not fully understood and several major non-mutually exclusive hypotheses including activation of the hypoxia-apoptosis-pro-inflammatory cytokines cascade, neurovascular ingrowth, increased production of neuromediators, and erroneous stem cell differentiation have been proposed...
January 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088314/is-advanced-paternal-age-a-health-risk-for-the-offspring
#11
REVIEW
Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen, Stine Kjaer Urhoj
In this article we review the epidemiologic evidence for adverse health effects in offspring of fathers of advanced age. First the evidence regarding fetal survival is addressed, and afterward we review the evidence regarding morbidity in children with older fathers. The adverse conditions most consistently associated with increased paternal age are stillbirths, musculo-skeletal syndromes, cleft palate, acute lymphoblastic leukemia and retinoblastoma, and neurodevelopmental disorders in the autism spectrum and schizophrenia...
February 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079133/mechanical-transgressive-segregation-and-the-rapid-origin-of-trophic-novelty
#12
Roi Holzman, C Darrin Hulsey
Hybrid phenotypes are often intermediate between those of parental species. However, hybridization can generate novel phenotypes when traits are complex. For instance, even when the morphologies of individual musculo-skeletal components do not segregate outside the parental range in hybrid offspring, complex functional systems can exhibit emergent phenotypes whose mechanics exceed the parental values. To determine if transgression in mechanics could facilitate divergence during an adaptive radiation, we examined three functional systems in the trophic apparatus of Lake Malawi cichlid fishes...
January 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076605/isolated-primary-amyloidosis-of-the-inferior-rectus-muscle-mimicking-graves-orbitopathy
#13
Mário Luiz Ribeiro Monteiro, Allan Christian Pieroni Gonçalves, Alanna Mara Pinheiro Sobreira Bezerra
The diagnosis of Graves' orbitopathy is usually straightforward. However, orbital diseases that mimick some clinical signs of Graves' orbitopathy may cause diagnostic confusion, particularly when associated to some form of thyroid dysfunction. This report describes the rare occurrence of localized inferior rectus muscle amyloidosis in a patient with autoimmune hypothyroidism, who was misdiagnosed as Graves' orbitopathy. A 48-year-old man complained of painless progressive proptosis on the left side and intermittent vertical diplopia for 6 months...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076473/influence-of-tobacco-alcohol-and-diabetes-on-the-collagen-of-cremaster-muscle-in-patients-with-inguinal-hernias
#14
Sérgio Ferreira Módena, Eduardo José Caldeira, Marco Antonio O Peres, Nelson Adami Andreollo
Background: New findings point out that the mechanism of formation of the hernias can be related to the collagenous tissues, under activity of aggressive agents such as the tobacco, alcohol and diabetes. Aim: To analyze the collagen present in the cremaster muscle in patients with inguinal hernias, focusing the effect of tobacco, alcohol, and diabetes. Methods: Fifteen patients with inguinal hernia divided in three groups were studied: group I (n=5) was control; group II (n=5) were smokers and/or drinkers; and group III (n=5) had diabetes mellitus...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050113/a-rare-musculo-septal-aponeurotic-tunnel-in-the-arm-with-anomalous-arterial-pattern
#15
Aparna Muraleedharan, Raveendranath Veeramani, Parkash Chand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048585/tu-d-206-03-ts-body-dose
#16
J Sabol
The current use of tomosynthesis for musculo-skeletal, abdominal, and thoracic imaging will be considered in four sections: A. Current Practice (M. Bath) : The presently available systems for body tomosynthesis will be reviewed and the current diagnostic applications described. B. Image Features and artifacts (M. FLynn): The consequence of a limited angle linear acquisition scan on image features and artifacts will be explained. C. Radiation Dose (J. Sabol): The organ dose associated with common tomosynthesis protocols will be reported and compared to the dose for radiographic and computed tomography procedures...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048053/tu-d-206-00-body-tomosynthesis
#17
Michael Flynn
The current use of tomosynthesis for musculo-skeletal, abdominal, and thoracic imaging will be considered in four sections: A. Current Practice (M. Bath) : The presently available systems for body tomosynthesis will be reviewed and the current diagnostic applications described. B. Image Features and artifacts (M. FLynn): The consequence of a limited angle linear acquisition scan on image features and artifacts will be explained. C. Radiation Dose (J. Sabol): The organ dose associated with common tomosynthesis protocols will be reported and compared to the dose for radiographic and computed tomography procedures...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047922/tu-d-206-04-body-ts-acceptance-testing-and-qc
#18
A Jones
The current use of tomosynthesis for musculo-skeletal, abdominal, and thoracic imaging will be considered in four sections: A. Current Practice (M. Bath) : The presently available systems for body tomosynthesis will be reviewed and the current diagnostic applications described. B. Image Features and artifacts (M. FLynn): The consequence of a limited angle linear acquisition scan on image features and artifacts will be explained. C. Radiation Dose (J. Sabol): The organ dose associated with common tomosynthesis protocols will be reported and compared to the dose for radiographic and computed tomography procedures...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047392/tu-d-206-01-body-tomosynthesis-introduction
#19
M Bath
The current use of tomosynthesis for musculo-skeletal, abdominal, and thoracic imaging will be considered in four sections: A. Current Practice (M. Bath) : The presently available systems for body tomosynthesis will be reviewed and the current diagnostic applications described. B. Image Features and artifacts (M. FLynn): The consequence of a limited angle linear acquisition scan on image features and artifacts will be explained. C. Radiation Dose (J. Sabol): The organ dose associated with common tomosynthesis protocols will be reported and compared to the dose for radiographic and computed tomography procedures...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046727/tu-d-206-02-body-tomosynthesis-image-features-and-artifacts
#20
M Flynn
The current use of tomosynthesis for musculo-skeletal, abdominal, and thoracic imaging will be considered in four sections: A. Current Practice (M. Bath) : The presently available systems for body tomosynthesis will be reviewed and the current diagnostic applications described. B. Image Features and artifacts (M. FLynn): The consequence of a limited angle linear acquisition scan on image features and artifacts will be explained. C. Radiation Dose (J. Sabol): The organ dose associated with common tomosynthesis protocols will be reported and compared to the dose for radiographic and computed tomography procedures...
June 2016: Medical Physics
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