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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909818/presto-lift-a-facelift-that-preserves-the-retaining-ligaments-and-smas-tethering
#1
Wolfgang Funk
BACKGROUND: Producing youthful facial appearance by face-lifting often comes along with an undesired loss of patient's individual phenotype. This may result from insufficient preservation of retaining ligaments, the "guardians of facial identify," and from severance of the intersegmental connections of the superficial musculo-aponeurotic system (SMAS), which tether, structure, and compartmentalize facial soft tissue into defined, relevant anatomical zones. METHODS: The technique reported here preserves most retaining ligaments...
December 2, 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870342/the-mobility-of-the-human-face-more-than-just-the-musculature
#2
Anne M Burrows, Carolyn R Rogers-Vizena, Ly Li, Bryan Mendelson
The human face has the greatest mobility and facial display repertoire among all primates. However, the variables that account for this are not clear. Humans and other anthropoids have remarkably similar mimetic musculature. This suggests that differences among the mimetic muscles alone may not account for the increased mobility and facial display repertoire seen in humans. Furthermore, anthropoids themselves outpace prosimians in these categories: humans > other anthropoids > prosimians. This study was undertaken to clarify the morphological underpinnings of the increased mobility and display repertoire of the human face by investigating the SMAS (the superficial musculo-aponeurotic system), a connective tissue layer enclosing the mimetic musculature located between the skin and deep fascia/periosteum...
December 2016: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847971/risk-factors-of-severe-incisional-hernia-after-renal-transplantation-a-retrospective-multicentric-case-control-study-on-225-patients
#3
E Broggi, F Bruyère, F Gaudez, F Desgrandchamps
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the incidence of severe incisional hernias and find their specific risk factors in renal transplant patients. METHODS: This retrospective multicentric case-control study focused on 225 kidney transplant patients among 4348 patients transplanted during this period within two French university hospitals (Saint-Louis/Lariboisière in Paris and Tours, Loire Valley) from 2000 to 2014 and from 1995 to 2014, respectively. Forty-five patients developed a severe incisional hernia after renal transplantation...
November 15, 2016: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812679/acute-ethanol-intake-induces-nad-p-h-oxidase-activation-and-rhoa-translocation-in-resistance-arteries
#4
Janaina A Simplicio, Ulisses Vilela Hipólito, Gabriel Tavares do Vale, Glaucia Elena Callera, Camila André Pereira, Rhian M Touyz, Rita de Cássia Tostes, Carlos R Tirapelli
Background: The mechanism underlying the vascular dysfunction induced by ethanol is not totally understood. Identification of biochemical/molecular mechanisms that could explain such effects is warranted. Objective: To investigate whether acute ethanol intake activates the vascular RhoA/Rho kinase pathway in resistance arteries and the role of NAD(P)H oxidase-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) on such response. We also evaluated the requirement of p47phox translocation for ethanol-induced NAD(P)H oxidase activation...
October 27, 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792114/restrained-differential-growth-the-initiating-event-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#5
Tom Joris Crijns, Agnita Stadhouder, Theodoor Henri Smit
STUDY DESIGN: Experimental model study and a short review of literature. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore a new hypothesis suggesting that the curvatures seen in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) originate from restrained differential growth between the vertebral column and the surrounding musculo-ligamentary structures. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Despite decades of research, there is no generally accepted theory on the physical origin of the severe spinal deformations seen in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis...
October 25, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777548/crush-syndrome-chez-l%C3%A2-adulte-et-problematique-de-sa-prise-en-charge-a-la-phase-aigu%C3%A3
#6
P F Hemou, H D Sama, P Tchétikè, T Potkar
Le crush syndrome se définit comme l'ensemble des manifestations locales et générales secondaires à une rhabdomyolyse traumatique avec ischémie de grosses masses musculaires par compression prolongée, à l'origine d'un syndrome compartimental ou syndrome des loges. Rarement isolé, il peut passer inaperçu dans les 24 à 48 premières heures de la phase aiguë d'un traumatisme sévère quand les principales préoccupations médicales sont la sauvegarde des fonctions vitales. La souffrance musculaire liée au syndrome compartimental entraîne la libération de myoglobine dans la circulation générale...
December 31, 2015: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759834/application-of-botulinum-toxin-to-treat-sialorrhea-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-patients-a-literature-review
#7
Ademar Francisco de Oliveira, Gêssyca Adryene de Menezes Silva, Débora Milenna Xavier Almeida
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a progressive and fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by the degeneration of motor neurons, which are the central nervous system cells that control voluntary muscle movements. The excessive salivation (sialorrhea) is present in approximately 50% of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis cases. Thus, some alternative therapeutic methods are sought, such as anticholinergic drugs and surgery. Recently the use of botulinum toxin applied at a midpoint of the salivary glands, often guided by ultrasound, have demonstrated positive results...
July 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744135/classification-characteristics-of-a-chronic-low-back-pain-population-using-a-combined-mckenzie-and-patho-anatomical-assessment
#8
Carol Ann Flavell, Susan Gordon, Laurence Marshman
BACKGROUND: Physiotherapists use musculo-skeletal classification systems for patient assessment. Since its early development, the McKenzie lumbar spine assessment (MK) has been incorporated into examination algorithms and combined with a series of patho-anatomical diagnostic tests. No previous studies have used a MK and a combined examination (MK-C) to provide a detailed profile of patients, report and compare the classification characteristics of a chronic low back pain (CLBP) population...
December 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717059/human-col5a1-polymorphisms-and-quadriceps-muscle-tendon-mechanical-stiffness-in-vivo
#9
Eric A Kirk, Colin W Moore, Eric J Chater-Diehl, Shiva M Singh, Charles L Rice
What is the central question of the study? Do COL5A1 gene variants, previously reported to have diminished transcript stability, manifest in physiological phenotypes of quadriceps muscle-tendon contractile properties and mechanical stiffness in humans? What is the main finding and its importance? COL5A1 gene variants influence mechanical stiffness, not seeming to affect low-level contractile properties in humans. Functional differences in COL5A1 manifest during moderate- to high-level contractions. Polymorphisms of the collagen type V alpha 1 chain (COL5A1) gene are purported to influence mechanical properties of collagenous tissues...
December 1, 2016: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683776/surface-electromyography-of-masseter-and-temporal-muscles-with-use-percentage-while-chewing-on-candidates-for-gastroplasty
#10
Andréa Cavalcante Dos Santos, Carlos Antonio Bruno da Silva
Background: Surface electromyography identifies changes in the electrical potential of the muscles during each contraction. The percentage of use is a way to treat values enabling comparison between groups. Aim: To analyze the electrical activity and the percentage of use of masseter and temporal muscles during chewing in candidates for gastric bypass. Methods: It was used Surface Electromyography Miotool 200,400 (Miotec (r), Porto Alegre/RS, Brazil) integrated with Miograph 2...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679947/single-transverse-extended-incision-for-radical-neck-dissection
#11
José Francisco Sales Chagas, Maria Beatriz Nogueira Pascoal, José Luís Braga Aquino, Luís Antônio Brandi, Evandro Von Zuben Previtale, Ana Sofia Pontes Trillo, Otávio Alberto Curioni, Abrão Rapoport, Rogério Aparecido Dedivitis
OBJECTIVE: to assess the efficacy of the single transverse extended cervical incision in radical neck dissection. METHOD: we conducted a prospective study, from January 2008 to January 2009, with 18 patients undergoing surgical treatment of malignant tumors of the upper aero-digestive tract. The primary lesion was located in the oral cavity in eight cases, in the oropharynx in three, in the hypopharynx in three, in the larynx in two, in the maxillary sinus, and in one case, the primary injury was hidden...
July 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676949/martials-arts-use-in-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine-literature-review-and-perspectives
#12
Duong-Minh Nguyen, Isabelle Laffont, Arnaud Dupeyron
OBJECTIVE: Martial arts are physical and meditative discipline available as complementary strategies able to improve functional capacity, physical performances, postural control of patients suffering from chronical diseases. They can probably slow their clinical evolution. The objective of this communication is a review of the literature about the effects of martial arts training into a said chronical disease. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: A literature research in PubMed and Pedro databases was performed with the following keywords: martial arts, rehabilitation, chronic disease, neurologic disorders, heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, musculo-squelettal disorders, low back pain...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676848/neurotropism-of-arboviruses-seen-by-a-physiatric-view-martiniquaises-experiences-through-epidemics-of-dengue-chikungunya-and-zika
#13
José-Luis Barnay, Andre Cabie, Sylvie Abel, Emilie Javelle, Odile Troisgros, Patrick René-Corail
Arboviruses cause very recurrent epidemics, the oldest Dengue, known especially outside the flu-like syndrome with high fever mainly impacting vulnerable populations, may be responsible for severe hemorrhagic fevers, but also a few cases of Guillain-Barré syndrome. In 2014, the French Antilles occurred an outbreak of Chikungunya, following that of the Reunion's outbreak. During this period have been described, the articular and musculo-squellettic lesions, responsible for loss of autonomy in populations already carriers of chronic inflammatory joint damage or mechanical, but also a heavy impact on the autonomy of elderly and frail people...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676795/distribution-of-branches-of-deep-and-common-fibular-nerves-to-extensor-hallucis-longus-and-extensor-digitorum-longus-muscles-application-to-the-treatment-of-their-hypertonia
#14
Christian Fontaine, Xavier Lannes, Aurélien Aumar, Michel-Yves Grauwin, Nadine Nachef, Étienne Allart
OBJECTIVE: The spastic hemiplegic patient often presents dystonia of extensor hallucis longus (EHL) and, more rarely, extensor digitorum longus (EDL). This dystonia is difficult to treat by tendon lengthening, because its primum movens is purely neurological without retraction musculo-tendinous. A hyponeurotisation by partial section of the branches of the common and deep fibular nerve(s) could be a therapeutic alternative to botulinum toxin injections. Its technique has never been described...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671520/the-effect-of-foot-overpronation-on-achilles-tendon-blood-supply-in-healthy-male-subjects
#15
K Karzis, M Kalogeris, D Mandalidis, N Geladas, K Karteroliotis, S Athanasopoulos
The purpose of this study was to investigate Achilles tendon blood flow in individuals with overpronated feet during non-weight- and weight-bearing positions. Achilles tendon blood flow was measured by means of the pulsatility index (PI) and the resistance index (RI) in 15 male individuals with overpronated feet and 15 counterparts with normal feet, using power Doppler ultrasonography (PDI). Achilles tendon ultrasonographic (US) assessment was performed at its musculo-tendinous junction (MTJ), mid-tendon (MT), and osseotendinous junction (OTJ) at a non-weight-bearing relaxed position (RP) and during two-leg stance (TLS) and one-leg upright stance (OLS)...
September 27, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630831/unilateral-existence-of-chondro-epitrochlearis-its-embryological-perspectives-and-clinical-implications
#16
Abhinitha Padavinangadi, Naveen Kumar, Mohandas Kg Rao, Satheesha B Nayak
Chondroepitrochlearis (CET) is an anomalous muscular slip that originates from the pectoralis major muscle and inserts into epicondyle of the humerus. The morphology of this variant form of pectoralis major can vary from slender to strong musculo-tendinous. In its course, it usually crosses the neurovascular structures of arm; their compression is a major complication that could be manifested by its persistence. In the present case, potentially anomalous CET muscle with the slender slip of origin, but strong tendinous insertion to the medial epicondyle of the humerus was found unilaterally...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545082/gastrocnemius-muscle-tendon-interaction-during-walking-in-typically-developing-adults-and-children-and-in-children-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#17
Gursharan Kalsi, Nicola R Fry, Adam P Shortland
BACKGROUND: Our understanding of the interaction of muscle bellies and their tendons in individuals with muscle pathology is limited. Knowledge of these interactions may inform us of the effects of musculoskeletal pathologies on muscle-tendon dynamics and the subsequent neurological control strategies used in gait. Here, we investigate gastrocnemius muscle-tendon interaction in typically-developing (TD) adults and children, and in children with spastic cerebral palsy (SCP). METHODS: We recruited six TD adults (4 female; mean age: 34 yrs...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27533258/jabuticaba-induced-endothelium-independent-vasodilating-effect-on-isolated-arteries
#18
Daniela Medeiros Lobo de Andrade, Leonardo Luis Borges, Ieda Maria Sapateiro Torres, Edemilson Cardoso da Conceição, Matheus Lavorenti Rocha
Background: Despite the important biological effects of jabuticaba, its actions on the cardiovascular system have not been clarified. Objectives: To determine the effects of jabuticaba hydroalcoholic extract (JHE) on vascular smooth muscle (VSM) of isolated arteries. Methods: Endothelium-denuded aortic rings of rats were mounted in isolated organ bath to record isometric tension. The relaxant effect of JHE and the influence of K+ channels and Ca2+ intra- and extracellular sources on JHE-stimulated response were assessed...
September 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506597/roadmap-for-cardiovascular-circulation-model
#19
Soroush Safaei, Christopher P Bradley, Vinod Suresh, Kumar Mithraratne, Alexandre Muller, Harvey Ho, David Ladd, Leif R Hellevik, Stig W Omholt, J Geoffrey Chase, Lucas O Müller, Sansuke M Watanabe, Pablo J Blanco, Bernard de Bono, Peter J Hunter
Computational models of many aspects of the mammalian cardiovascular circulation have been developed. Indeed, along with orthopaedics, this area of physiology is one that has attracted much interest from engineers, presumably because the equations governing blood flow in the vascular system are well understood and can be solved with well-established numerical techniques. Unfortunately, there have been only a few attempts to create a comprehensive public domain resource for cardiovascular researchers. In this paper we propose a roadmap for developing an open source cardiovascular circulation model...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501302/the-critical-role-of-early-dengue-surveillance-and-limitations-of-clinical-reporting-implications-for-non-endemic-countries
#20
Jui-Hung Kao, Chaur-Dong Chen, Zheng-Rong Tiger Li, Ta-Chien Chan, Tsung-Hwa Tung, Yin-Hsia Chu, Hau-Yuan Cheng, Jien-Wei Liu, Fuh-Yuan Shih, Pei-Yun Shu, Chien-Chou Lin, Wu-Hsiung Tsai, Chia-Chi Ku, Chi-Kung Ho, Chwan-Chuen King
The increasing dengue burden and epidemic severity worldwide have highlighted the need to improve surveillance. In non-endemic areas such as Taiwan, where outbreaks start mostly with imported cases from Southeast Asia, a closer examination of surveillance dynamics to detect cases early is necessary. To evaluate problems with dengue surveillance and investigate the involvement of different factors at various epidemic stages, we investigated 632 laboratory-confirmed indigenous dengue cases in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan during 2009-2010...
2016: PloS One
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