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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792997/risk-factors-for-low-back-pain-and-sciatica-an-umbrella-review
#1
REVIEW
P Parreira, C Maher, D Steffens, M Hancock, M Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a highly prevalent condition and it is associated with significant disability and work absenteeism worldwide. A variety of environmental and individual characteristics have been reported to increase the risk of low back pain (LBP). To our knowledge, there has been no previous attempt to summarise the evidence from existing systematic reviews of risk factors for LBP and/or sciatica PURPOSE: to provide an overview of risk factors for LBP, we completed an umbrella review of the evidence from existing systematic reviews...
May 21, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791941/understanding-refugees-health
#2
Martin Müller, Dana Khamis, David Srivastava, Aristomenis K Exadaktylos, Carmen Andrea Pfortmueller
According to the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), 65.6 million people have been forcibly displaced worldwide. Several factors have a major influence on asylum seekers' health; so, their health profile is markedly different from that of the population in the country of asylum. The aim of this study is to review the major issues physicians need to be aware of when treating asylum seekers, with a special focus on the neurological problems of asylum seekers and refugees. The major impact factors on refugees' health are linked to experiences and exposure (1) in the country of origin, (2) in refugee camps and en route to Europe, and (3) in the process of immigration into the host country and living in European asylum centers...
April 2018: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790268/ask-me-children-s-experiences-of-pain-explored-using-the-draw-write-and-tell-method
#3
Nicole Pope, Mary Tallon, Gavin Leslie, Sally Wilson
PURPOSE: Pain management within emergency departments (ED) remains challenging. Given that unrelieved pain in children is linked to a number of negative physiological and psychological consequences, optimal management of children's pain is paramount. Many studies exploring children's pain have adopted quantitative methods or sought the perspectives of adults. Compared to adults, studies examining children's views on pain and pain management are limited. This study aimed to explore children's pain experiences, their perception of pain management and expectations of the role of the nurse...
May 23, 2018: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790136/-mutual-support-beyond-suffering-and-mortality-spiritual-care-for-families-of-terminal-cancer-patients
#4
Wan-Ping Yang, Chien-Wei Liu, Sheng-Fen Sung
With the progression of cancer and the approach of death in terminal cancer patients, the suffering of the family members of patients increases drastically, often leading into a difficult spiritual journey. The needs for spiritual care in this population generally consist of: 1. Empathy: Bearing the psychological stress due to the sharing of physical pain with the patients; 2. Powerlessness: Regretting not having the power to turn the tide; 3. Loneliness: Becoming exhausted due to facing heavy physical workloads alone; 4...
June 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789969/identification-of-risk-factors-for-toxicity-in-patients-with-hormone-receptor-positive-advanced-breast-cancer-treated-with-bevacizumab-plus-letrozole-a-calgb-40503-alliance-correlative-study
#5
Daneng Li, Linda M McCall, Olwen M Hahn, Clifford A Hudis, Harvey J Cohen, Hyman B Muss, Aminah Jatoi, Jacqueline M Lafky, Karla V Ballman, Eric P Winer, Debu Tripathy, Bryan Schneider, William Barry, Maura N Dickler, Arti Hurria
BACKGROUND: In hormone receptor-positive advanced breast cancer, a progression-free survival benefit was reported with addition of bevacizumab to first-line letrozole. However, increased toxicity was observed. We hypothesized that functional age measures could be used to identify patients at risk for toxicity while receiving letrozole plus bevacizumab for hormone receptor-positive advanced breast cancer. METHODS: CALGB 40503 was a phase III trial that enrolled patients with hormone receptor-positive advanced breast cancer randomized to letrozole with or without bevacizumab...
May 22, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789211/distress-thermometer-for-preoperative-screening-of-patients-with-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#6
Juliana-Theresa Schell, Andrea Petermann-Meyer, Anita Kloss-Brandstätter, Alexander K Bartella, Mohammad Kamal, Frank Hölzle, Bernd Lethaus, Jan Teichmann
In this study, we evaluate the association between distress, various demographic and medical variables, and the prevalence of psychosocial distress in preoperative patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma. A total of 100 consecutive patients were recruited into the study and asked to complete the Distress Thermometer (DT) form with the Problem List questionnaire prior to surgical intervention; the average distress score was 5.7 ± 2.7. The distress score was neither correlated with age (r = -0.025; p = 0...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788987/efficacy-of-the-buzzy%C3%A2-device-for-pain-management-of-children-during-needle-related-procedures-a-systematic-review-protocol
#7
Ariane Ballard, Christelle Khadra, Samara Adler, Evelyne Doyon-Trottier, Sylvie Le May
BACKGROUND: Needle-related procedures are the most important source of pain in children in hospital setting. Unmanaged pain could result in short- and long-term physiological, psychological, and emotional consequences. Although the efficacy of numerous interventions has been evaluated, procedural pain management is often suboptimal in children undergoing needle-related procedures. The main objective of this systematic review is to examine the evidence for the efficacy of the Buzzy® device for needle-related procedural pain in children...
May 22, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788133/randomized-trial-of-a-group-music-and-imagery-method-grpmi-for-women-with-fibromyalgia
#8
Esperanza Torres, Inge N Pedersen, José I Pérez-Fernández
Background: Fibromyalgia (FM) affects about 2-4% of the world population. Patients, mostly women, experience chronic widespread pain, fatigue, stiffness, sleep disturbances, and psychological disorders, especially depression and anxiety. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine preliminary efficacy of a Group Music and Imagery (GrpMI) intervention, which included relaxation, music listening, and spontaneous imagery, to improve subjective psychological well-being, functional capacity and health, pain perception, anxiety, and depression in women with FM...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788083/evaluation-of-an-intensive-interdisciplinary-pain-treatment-based-on-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-adolescents-with-chronic-pain-and-their-parents-a-nonrandomized-clinical-trial
#9
Mike K Kemani, Marie Kanstrup, Abbie Jordan, Line Caes, Jeremy Gauntlett-Gilbert
Objective: Parental factors are central in the development and maintenance of chronic pain in youths. Only a handful of studies have investigated the impact of psychological treatments for pediatric chronic pain on parental factors, and the relationships between changes in parental and adolescent factors. In the current study, we evaluated the effects of an intensive interdisciplinary pain treatment (IIPT) program based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) for adolescents with chronic pain, on adolescent and parental variables, and the relationship between parental psychological flexibility and adolescent pain acceptance...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785152/association-of-midline-discrepancy-with-tempromandibular-joint-disorder-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Sandhya Jain, Neetu Sharma, Pallav Patni, Deshraj Jain
Aim: The aim is to evaluate the association between midline discrepancies and tempromandibular disorders (TMDs). Methods: Literature search was performed by using various search engines to include human studies in English. TMDs include a wide variety of signs and symptoms such as pain in and around TMJ, jaw muscles, clicking and locking of jaws, pain during mandibular movement and restricted mandibular movements. The etiology is multifactorial, including one or several of the following factors like severe malocclusions (increased overjet, retroclination of incisors, cross bite, CR CO discrepancies etc), stress and psychological factors, structural abnormalities as possible etiology...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785136/psychological-factors-as-predictors-of-early-postoperative-pain-after-open-nephrectomy
#11
Ana Mimic, Carsten Bantel, Jelena Jovicic, Branko Mimic, Darija Kisic-Tepavcevic, Otas Durutovic, Nebojsa Ladjevic
Purpose: There is an increasing interest in the identification of predictors for individual responses to analgesics and surgical pain. In this study, we aimed to determine psychological factors that might contribute to this response. We hence investigated patients undergoing a standardized surgical intervention (open nephrectomy). Patients and methods: Between May 2014 and April 2015, we conducted a prospective observational cohort study. The following psychological tests were administered preoperatively: Mini-Mental State Examination, Amsterdam Preoperative Anxiety and Information Scale (APAIS), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, and Pain Catastrophizing Scale...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783893/the-effects-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-combined-with-group-exercise-treatment-in-subjects-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-pilot-randomized-control-trial
#12
Sofia Straudi, Sergio Buja, Andrea Baroni, Claudia Pavarelli, Giulia Pranovi, Felipe Fregni, Nino Basaglia
OBJECTIVE: To test the efficacy of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in addition to group exercise on non-specific chronic low back pain. DESIGN: Double-blinded randomized control trial. SUBJECTS: Patients with non-specific chronic low back pain. METHODS: A total of 35 subjects were recruited and allocated to real- or sham-tDCS followed by a group exercise protocol. Each patient underwent five sessions of brain stimulation followed by 10 sessions of group exercise...
May 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781651/exposure-and-cbt-for-chronic-back-pain-an-rct-on-differential-efficacy-and-optimal-length-of-treatment
#13
Julia Anna Glombiewski, Sebastian Holzapfel, Jenny Riecke, Johan W S Vlaeyen, Jeroen de Jong, Gunnar Lemmer, Winfried Rief
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to establish whether Exposure, a specialized tailored treatment for chronic low back pain, has any advantages over cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) among individuals with high fear-avoidance levels. Second, we planned to compare short and long versions of Exposure. Third, we aimed to investigate whether Exposure can be delivered in an outpatient psychological setting. METHOD: A total of 88 Caucasian participants (55% women) were randomized to three different psychological treatment conditions, Exposure-long, Exposure-short, and CBT...
June 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781511/prevalence-and-risk-indicators-of-pain-related-temporomandibular-disorders-among-indonesian-children-and-adolescents
#14
Carolina Marpaung, Maurits K A van Selms, Frank Lobbezoo
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of pain-related temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) among Indonesian children and adolescents, and to investigate which risk indicators are associated with it. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 1,800 questionnaires were distributed among pupils of schools in the greater Jakarta area. This was done for 2 samples: children with ages ranging from 7 to 12 years (parental report) and adolescents aged 13-18 years (self-report)...
May 21, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781381/associations-between-daytime-sleepiness-psychological-symptoms-headache-and-abdominal-pain-in-schoolchildren
#15
Marja-Liisa Gustafsson, Camilla Laaksonen, Sanna Salanterä, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Minna Aromaa
Daytime sleepiness and different symptoms are common problems affecting health and well-being of schoolchildren. This population-based cohort study included 568 children who were followed from ages 10 to 15 years. Daytime sleepiness, headache, abdominal pain, and psychological symptoms (depression, irritability or bad temper, nervousness, anxiety, and dejection) were assessed by self-administered questionnaires. The prevalence of frequent daytime sleepiness was 13% at the ages of 10 and 12 years and increased significantly up to 24% at the age of 15 ( p < ...
January 1, 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780794/pediatric-scurvy-when-contemporary-eating-habits-bring-back-the-past
#16
Alice Brambilla, Cristina Pizza, Donatella Lasagni, Lucia Lachina, Massimo Resti, Sandra Trapani
Vitamin C deficiency is anecdotal in developed countries, mainly associated with underling clinical morbidities as autism or neurological impairment. Chronic insufficient dietary supply is responsible for vascular fragility and impaired bone formation, resulting in gingival bleeding, petechial lesions, articular and bone pain or limb swelling. Children may present anorexia, irritability, failure to thrive, limping or refusal to walk. Accordingly, pediatric scurvy is frequently misdiagnosed with osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, bone and soft tissue tumor, leukemia, bleeding disorders, and rheumatologic conditions...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780605/an-evaluation-of-osteopathic-treatment-on-psychological-outcomes-with-patients-suffering-from-chronic-pain-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study-collected-through-a-health-and-well-being-academy
#17
Darren J Edwards, Craig Toutt
Co-morbid mental health conditions such as anxiety, depression and fear avoidance are often associated with chronic pain. This novel study aimed to explore the impact of osteopathic treatment on several psychological outcome measures relating to anxiety, depression, mental health and fear avoidance for a chronic pain population receiving osteopathic treatment over a 2-week period. The findings show that there were significant reductions in anxiety, pain, mental health dysfunction and improvements in self-care...
January 2018: Health Psychology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779791/effectiveness-of-a-mindfulness-based-intervention-in-the-management-of-musculoskeletal-pain-in-nursing-workers
#18
Shirlene Aparecida Lopes, Bruna Pesce Vannucchi, Marcelo Demarzo, Ângelo Geraldo José Cunha, Maria do Patrocínio Tenório Nunes
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is a prevalent disorder in nursing workers worldwide. Several studies have proposed measures to mitigate this critical scenario. Mindfulness-based interventions (MBI) have been found to have promising results in the treatment of this disorder. AIMS: To quantify the effectiveness of an adapted mindfulness program (AMP) in the management of musculoskeletal pain (MSP) in nursing technicians of a Brazilian university hospital. DESIGN: This study was a clinical, prospective, open, repeated measures trial, with data collection between January and July 2015...
May 17, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778590/sternoclavicular-joint-palpation-pain-the-shoulder-s-waddell-sign
#19
Brent A Ponce, Adam T Archie, Shawna L Watson, Parke W Hudson, Mariano E Menendez, Gerald McGwin, Eugene W Brabston
BACKGROUND: Pain is a complex and subjective reality and can be magnified by nonorganic or nonanatomic sources. Multiple studies have demonstrated a correlation between psychological factors and patients' perceptions of musculoskeletal pain and disability. In addition, nonorganic findings as part of the physical examination are well and long recognized. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between a shoulder examination test, palpation of the sternoclavicular joint (SCJ), and psychosocial conditions including chronic pain, depression, and anxiety...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778452/cognitive-performance-in-young-and-middle-aged-adults-with-migraine-investigating-the-correlation-with-white-matter-hyperintensities-and-psychological-symptoms
#20
Abdulkadir Tunç, Aysel Kaya Tekeşin, Belma Doğan Güngen, Esra Arda
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the cognitive performance of migraine patients with (MwA) and without aura (MwoA) and investigate the correlation of white matter hyperintensities (WMHs) and psychological symptoms with their cognitive test scores. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Hundred migraine patients aged 20-55 years and 80 healthy volunteers with similar age, sex, and education level were enrolled. The total Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scores were compared by age, sex, presence of aura, migraine duration, attack frequency, pain localization, presence and number of WMHs, and the scores of the Beck Depression Inventory and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI)...
May 8, 2018: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
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