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Pain psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160603/relationship-between-self-reported-cognitive-difficulties-objective-neuropsychological-test-performance-and-psychological-distress-in-chronic-pain
#1
K S Baker, S J Gibson, N Georgiou-Karistianis, M J Giummarra
BACKGROUND: Persons with chronic pain often report problems with cognitive abilities, such as memory or attention. There is limited understanding of whether objective performance is consistent with subjective reports, and how psychological factors contribute. We aimed to investigate these relationships in a group of patients expressing cognitive concerns, and evaluate the utility of self-report tools for pain management settings. METHOD: Participants with chronic pain (n = 41) completed standardized neuropsychological tests, and self-report measures of cognitive functioning, pain, mood and sleep, as part of a broader study investigating cognitive performance in pain...
November 21, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160597/effects-of-a-psychosocial-intervention-programme-combined-with-exercise-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-chronic-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
T Hirase, H Kataoka, J Nakano, S Inokuchi, J Sakamoto, M Okita
BACKGROUND: Although researchers have recommended exercise training and psychosocial intervention to manage chronic pain, an effective intervention for Japanese community-dwelling older adults with chronic pain has not been established. This randomized controlled trial examined whether exercise training combined with psychosocial intervention more effectively improves pain, psychological status and physical activity than does exercise training alone in this population. METHODS: We randomized 128 older adults with chronic pain to either an intervention group (n = 64) involving exercise training combined with psychosocial intervention, or a control group (n = 64) involving only exercise training...
November 21, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159776/non-pharmacological-interventions-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-compression-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
María Paniagua-Collado, Omar Cauli
Spinal cord compression is a complex and challenging condition that greatly affects the quality of life. Non-pharmacological techniques have only been studied to a very lesser extent; although they are evidence to be beneficial. We performed Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) analysis of the scientific literature in several databases (Medline, Cochrane, Scopus, Cuiden, Pubmed, Lilacs and Embase); using the following keywords: spinal cord compression, spine compression, mobilization, positioning, brace and bracing...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157088/examining-the-effect-of-the-computer-based-educational-package-on-quality-of-life-and-severity-of-hypogonadism-symptoms-in-males
#4
Elahe Afsharnia, Minoo Pakgohar, Shahla Khosravi, Hamid Haghani
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the effect of the computer-based educational package on men's QoL and the severity of their hypogonadism symptoms. METHODS: A quasi-experimental study was conducted on 80 male employees. The data collection tool included the 'Aging Male Symptoms' (AMS) and 'Short Form-36' (SF36) questionnaires. Four sessions were held for the intervention group over a period of 4 weeks. Two months after training, QoL and the severity of hypogonadism symptoms were measured in both the intervention and control groups...
November 20, 2017: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156922/changes-in-laser-evoked-potentials-during-hypnotic-analgesia-for-chronic-pain-a-pilot-study
#5
Giovanna Squintani, Maria P Brugnoli, Emanuela Pasin, Alessia Segatti, Elisa Concon, Enrico Polati, Bruno Bonetti, Angela Matinella
BACKGROUND: Hypnotic analgesia is one of the most effective nonpharmacological methods for pain control. Hypnosis and distraction of attention from pain might share similar mechanisms by which brain responses to painful stimulation could be similarly reduced in both states. There is ample evidence for the efficacy of clinical hypnosis as a psychological intervention in the treatment of acute or chronic pain. Results are conflicting, however, with some studies showing an increase, others a reduction, and others still no change in the amplitude of event-related brain potentials during hypnosis as compared to control conditions...
November 10, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156894/clinical-hypnosis-mindfulness-and-spirituality-in-palliative-care
#6
Consuelo Casula
In this article, I do not intend to present the many and well-known treatments for relieving pain and distress symptoms of the physical body, damaged by terminal diseases, such as cancer, AIDS, multiple sclerosis. In this article, I'd rather focus my attention on clinical hypnosis for subjects who, freed from physical pain, thanks to palliative care, are open to receiving comfort and support for their psychological and spiritual suffering. The intent of this article is to express how clinical hypnosis can harmoniously integrate psychological and spiritual aspects so that the terminal patient can make peace with his/her past, with the people who have hurt him/her, and with the people who will suffer because of his/her death...
September 28, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156085/the-association-between-burning-mouth-syndrome-and-sleep-disturbance-a-case-control-multicentre-study
#7
D Adamo, A Sardella, E Varoni, C Lajolo, M Biasotto, G Ottaviani, P Vescovi, T Simonazzi, M Pentenero, M Ardore, F Spadari, G Bombeccari, L Montebugnoli, D B Gissi, G Campisi, V Panzarella, M Carbone, L Valpreda, M Giuliani, M Aria, L Lo Muzio, M D Mignogna
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the quality of sleep and the psychological profiles of a large cohort of Italian patients with burning mouth syndrome (BMS) and to clarify the relationships between these variables and pain. METHODS: In this case-control study, 200 patients with BMS versus an equal number of age and sex-matched healthy controls, recruited in 10 Universities, were enrolled. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D), Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HAM-A), Numeric Pain Intensity Scale (NRS) and Total Pain Rating Index (T-PRI) were administered...
November 20, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155342/predictors-before-and-after-multimodal-rehabilitation-for-pain-acceptance-and-engagement-in-activities-at-a-one-year-follow-up-for-patients-with-whiplash-associated-disorders-wad-a-study-based-on-the-swedish-quality-registry-for-pain-rehabilitation-sqrp
#8
Anne Söderlund, Monika Löfgren, Britt-Marie Stålnacke
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that pain acceptance strategies related to psychological flexibility are important in the presence of chronic musculoskeletal pain. However, the predictors of these strategies have not been studied extensively in patients with Whiplash Associated Disorders (WAD). PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to predict chronic pain acceptance and engagement in activities at one-year follow-up with pain intensity, fear of movement, perceived responses from significant others, outcome expectancies, and demographic variables in patients with WAD before and after multimodal rehabilitation (MMR)...
November 16, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155276/cortical-plasticity-as-a-basis-of-phantom-limb-pain-fact-or-fiction
#9
J Andoh, C Milde, J W Tsao, H Flor
Cortical reorganization has been proposed as a major factor involved in phantom pain with prior nociceptive input to the deafferented region and input from the non-deafferented cortex creating neuronal activity that is perceived as phantom pain. There is substantial evidence that these processes play a role in neuropathic pain, although causal evidence is lacking. Recently it has been suggested that a maintenance of the cortical representation of the former hand area is related to phantom pain. Although interesting, evidence for this process is so far scarce...
November 16, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155166/do-correlates-of-pain-related-stoicism-and-cautiousness-differ-in-younger-and-older-people-with-advanced-cancer
#10
Kenneth Mah, Kim T Tran, Lynn R Gauthier, Gary Rodin, Camilla Zimmermann, David Warr, S Lawrence Librach, Malcolm Moore, Frances A Shepherd, Lucia Gagliese
Age differences are not evident in pain-related stoicism and cautiousness in people with cancer pain. Little is known about the factors associated with these pain-related attitudes or age-related patterns in these associations. The present cross-sectional study investigated the biopsychosocial correlates of the attitudes in younger and older patients with advanced cancer. Pain-related stoicism (fortitude, concealment, superiority) and cautiousness (self-doubt, reluctance) were assessed using the Pain Attitudes Questionnaire-Revised (PAQ-R)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154919/patient-reported-outcomes-and-opioid-use-by-outpatient-cancer-patients
#11
N Moryl, V Dave, P Glare, A Bokhari, V T Malhotra, A Gulati, J Hung, V Puttanniah, Y Griffo, R Tickoo, A Wiesenthal, S D Horn, C E Inturrisi
The Memorial Sloan-Kettering Pain Registry contains patient characteristics, treatments, and outcomes for a prospective cohort of 1534 chronic pain cancer patients who were seen at outpatient pain service clinics. Average pain intensity (Brief Pain Inventory) was reported as mild by 24.6% of patients, moderate by 41.5%, and severe by 33.9%. The patient's report of average percent pain relief and health state (EQ-5D) was inversely related to average pain intensity category, while measures of pain interference, number of worst pain locations, and physical and psychological distress were directly related to pain intensity category...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154608/a-life-stress-emotional-awareness-and-expression-interview-for-primary-care-patients-with-medically-unexplained-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Maisa S Ziadni, Jennifer N Carty, Heather K Doherty, John H Porcerelli, Lisa J Rapport, Howard Schubiner, Mark A Lumley
OBJECTIVE: Lifetime trauma, relationship adversities, and emotional conflicts are elevated in primary care patients with medically unexplained symptoms (MUS), and these risk factors likely trigger or exacerbate symptoms. Helping patients disclose stressors, increase awareness and expression of inhibited emotions, and link emotions to physical symptoms may improve health. We developed an emotional awareness and expression interview that targets stressful life experiences and conflicts and then tested its effects on primary care patients with MUS...
November 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154308/functional-limitations-and-associated-psychological-factors-in-military-personnel-with-chronic-nonspecific-neck-pain-with-higher-levels-of-kinesiophobia
#13
Ibai López-de-Uralde-Villanueva, Ricardo Notario-Pérez, Tamara Del Corral, Bernardo Ramos-Díaz, Mario Acuyo-Osorio, Roy La Touche
BACKGROUND: Neck pain is one of the largest health problems in the military sector. OBJECTIVE: To assess differences in the strength and endurance of the cervical muscles between military personnel with chronic nonspecific neck pain (CNSNP) with higher level of kinesiophobia (CNSNP-K) and individuals with lower levels of kinesiophobia (CNSNP-NK). METHODS: We used kinesiophobia as a classification method: (1) CNSNP-K and (2) CNSNP-NK. The variables measured were endurance and strength of cervical muscles; range of motion (ROM), disability, pain intensity and psychological factors...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153234/evaluation-of-pain-syndromes-headache-and-temporomandibular-joint-disorders-in-children
#14
REVIEW
Bruce B Horswell, Jason Sheikh
After a thorough review of the history and presentation of a child's facial pain, a targeted head and neck examination is critical to the appropriate diagnosis of facial pain and temporomandibular joint disorders. It is critical to distinguish between the structural (trauma, degenerative disease, and tumor) and nonstructural (neurogenic, myogenic, and psychological) causes of pain, which will allow for incorporation of appropriate strategies of medical, psychological, dental, and surgical therapies.
February 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153052/palliative-care-issues-and-challenges-in-saudi-arabia-knowledge-assessment-among-nursing-students
#15
Omar Mohammad Khraisat, Mahmoud Hamdan, Mohannad Ghazzawwi
BACKGROUND: Nurses are the heart of the palliative care team who provide high standards of care since they spend the longest time with patients. However, lack of adequate knowledge of palliative care is considered as one of the main obstacles to palliative care improvement. AIM: A survey was conducted to assess Saudi nursing students' knowledge about palliative care. METHODS: Using a descriptive design, 154 students who enrolled in first year and who will graduate within 1 year were surveyed in a nursing college located in Riyadh, the capital of Saudi Arabia...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152209/case-control-study-hyperbaric-oxygen-treatment-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-persistent-post-concussion-syndrome-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#16
Paul G Harch, Susan R Andrews, Edward F Fogarty, Juliette Lucarini, Keith W Van Meter
Mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) persistent post-concussion syndrome (PPCS) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are epidemic in United States Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans. Treatment of the combined diagnoses is limited. The aim of this study is to assess safety, feasibility, and effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen treatments (HBOT) for mild TBI PPCS and PTSD. Thirty military subjects aged 18-65 with PPCS with or without PTSD and from one or more blast-induced mild-moderate traumatic brain injuries that were a minimum of 1 year old and occurred after 9/11/2001 were studied...
July 2017: Medical Gas Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151302/relationship-between-kinesiophobia-and-pain-quality-of-life-functional-status-disease-activity-mobility-and-depression-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis
#17
Deran Oskay, Zeynep Tuna, İrem Düzgün, Bülent Elbasan, Yavuz Yakut, Abdurrahman Tufan
Background/aim: Our aim was to investigate the association of kinesiophobia with pain, quality of life, clinical measures, and depression in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Materials and methods: Patients with AS (n: 163) were enrolled in the study. Kinesiophobia was evaluated with the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK), pain with a visual analog scale (VAS), mobility with Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index (BASMI), disease activity with the Bath AS Disease Activity Index (BASDAI), functional status with the Bath AS Functional Index (BASFI), depression level with Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI), and quality of life with the AS Quality of Life Questionnaire (ASQoL)...
November 13, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151223/correction-to-pain-psychological-comorbidities-disability-and-impaired-quality-of-life-in-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#18
Zarine S Patel, Lauren K Hoffman, Dawn C Buse, Amy S Grinberg, Ladan Afifi, Steven R Cohen, Michelle A Lowes, Elizabeth K Seng
The original version of this article contains an error in the spelling of the title. The title should read: Pain, Psychological Comorbidities, Disability, and Impaired Quality of Life in Hidradenitis Suppurativa.
November 18, 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150727/measuring-emotional-intelligence-enhances-the-psychological-evaluation-of-chronic-pain
#19
Eva M Doherty, Rosemary Walsh, Leanne Andrews, Susan McPherson
The assessment of emotional factors, in addition to other psychosocial factors, has been recommended as a means of identifying individuals with chronic pain who may not respond to certain pain treatments. Systematic reviews of the evidence regarding the prediction of responsiveness to a treatment called the spinal cord stimulator (SCS) have yielded inconclusive results. Emotional intelligence is a term which refers to the ability to identify and manage emotions in oneself and others and has been shown to be inversely associated with emotional distress and acute pain...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149154/philosophical-issues-and-psychological-variables-that-influence-the-determination-of-opioid-effectiveness-a-narrative-review
#20
Daniel Michael Doleys
BACKGROUND: The prescribing of opioids in the chronic pain setting is often based on the pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacogenetics of the drug obtained during development and clinical trials. However, the effectiveness of opioids varies widely and often appears to bear no relationship to the aforementioned variables. The impact of philosophical issues and psychological factors on determining how clinically effective opioid therapy is has often been over looked. OBJECTIVES: This manuscript provides a selective review and narrative summary of the philosophical issues and psychological factors which can influence opioid effectiveness...
November 2017: Pain Physician
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