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Pain psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449376/psychological-distress-and-widespread-pain-contribute-to-the-variance-of-the-central-sensitization-inventory-a-cross-sectional-study-in-patients-with-chronic-pain
#1
C P van Wilgen, P J Vuijk, J Kregel, L Voogt, M Meeus, F Descheemaker, D Keizer, J Nijs
OBJECTIVES: Central sensitization (CS) implies increased sensitivity of the nervous system, resulting in increased pain sensitivity as well as widespread pain. Recently, the Central Sensitization Inventory (CSI) was developed to assess symptoms of CS and central sensitivity syndromes. The aim of this study was to examine the convergent validity of the CSI by comparing the outcome to psychosocial factors and clinical features of CS. METHODS: In a cross-sectional explorative study, patients with chronic pain completed multiple questionnaires, including the CSI, pain catastrophizing scale, SCL-90 for psychological distress, duration of pain, intensity of pain, widespread pain, and lateralization of pain...
April 27, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447566/pain-sensory-disturbances-and-psychological-distress-are-common-sequelae-after-treatment-of-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Birgitte Goldschmidt Mertz, Helle Molter Duriaud, Niels Kroman, Kenneth Geving Andersen
Sequelae such as pain, sensory disturbances and psychological distress are well known after treatment for invasive breast cancer (IBC). Patients treated for ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) receive a similar treatment as low-risk IBC. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to describe prevalence of postoperative pain, sensory disturbances, psychological distress and rehabilitation needs among Danish women with DCIS. METHODS: A total of 574 women treated for DCIS in Denmark in 2013 and 2014 were enrolled and 473 (82%) completed a detailed questionnaire on demographic factors, pain, sensory disturbances, psychological aspects and rehabilitation needs 1-3 years after surgery...
May 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445436/irritable-bowel-syndrome-clinical-manifestations-dietary-influences-and-management
#3
REVIEW
Ronald Ikechi, Bradford D Fischer, Joshua DeSipio, Sangita Phadtare
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder that is characterized by symptoms of chronic abdominal pain and altered bowel habits in the absence of an overtly identifiable cause. It is the most commonly diagnosed functional gastrointestinal disorder, accounting for about one third of gastroenterology visits. It generally presents as a complex of symptoms, including psychological dysfunction. Hypersensitivity to certain foods, especially foods that contain high amounts of fructose, plays a role in the pathophysiology of IBS...
April 26, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445406/a-pilot-study-of-mindfulness-meditation-for-pediatric-chronic-pain
#4
Lynn C Waelde, Amanda B Feinstein, Rashmi Bhandari, Anya Griffin, Isabel A Yoon, Brenda Golianu
Despite advances in psychological interventions for pediatric chronic pain, there has been little research examining mindfulness meditation for these conditions. This study presents data from a pilot clinical trial of a six-week manualized mindfulness meditation intervention offered to 20 adolescents aged 13-17 years. Measures of pain intensity, functional disability, depression and parent worry about their child's pain were obtained at baseline and post-treatment. Results indicated no significant changes in pain or depression, however functional disability and frequency of pain functioning complaints improved with small effect sizes...
April 26, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444695/exercise-therapy-for-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#5
REVIEW
Lillebeth Larun, Kjetil G Brurberg, Jan Odgaard-Jensen, Jonathan R Price
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is characterised by persistent, medically unexplained fatigue, as well as symptoms such as musculoskeletal pain, sleep disturbance, headaches and impaired concentration and short-term memory. CFS presents as a common, debilitating and serious health problem. Treatment may include physical interventions, such as exercise therapy, which was last reviewed in 2004. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to determine the effects of exercise therapy (ET) for patients with CFS as compared with any other intervention or control...
April 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444208/adverse-impacts-of-chronic-pain-on-health-related-quality-of-life-work-productivity-depression-and-anxiety-in-a-community-based-study
#6
Kosuke Kawai, Alison Tse Kawai, Peter Wollan, Barbara P Yawn
Background.: Chronic pain has major clinical and social consequences. Few studies have examined any variation in the extent of impairment on quality of life and work productivity by site and type of chronic pain. Objective.: The objective of our study is to examine adverse impacts of chronic pain on physical and psychological health and work productivity. Methods.: Our community-population study was based on a phone-interview of adults with chronic pain, residing in Olmsted County, MN...
April 22, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443058/predicting-outcome-12-months-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-patients-admitted-to-a-neurosurgery-service
#7
Torgeir Hellstrøm, Tobias Kaufmann, Nada Andelic, Helene L Soberg, Solrun Sigurdardottir, Eirik Helseth, Ole A Andreassen, Lars T Westlye
OBJECTIVE: Accurate outcome prediction models for patients with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) are key for prognostic assessment and clinical decision-making. Using multivariate machine learning, we tested the unique and added predictive value of (1) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based brain morphometric and volumetric characterization at 4-week postinjury and (2) demographic, preinjury, injury-related, and postinjury variables on 12-month outcomes, including global functioning level, postconcussion symptoms, and mental health in patients with MTBI...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442210/issues-of-survivorship-and-rehabilitation-in-soft-tissue-sarcoma
#8
C Gerrand, S Furtado
As the number of survivors of extremity soft tissue sarcoma increases, so does the need to understand the experience of survivors and develop measures, systems and services that support rehabilitation into normal life roles. Survivorship includes considerations of the physical, psychological and social domains, of which the physical sequelae of treatment are the best characterised in the literature. The survivorship experience may include disability, pain, lymphoedema, psychological problems, as well as difficulty with employment, relationships and lower quality of life...
April 22, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438496/from-the-implementing-best-practice-guidelines-in-pain-assessment-and-management-on-a-women-s-psychiatric-inpatient-unit-exploring-patients-perceptions
#9
Cheryl Rolin-Gilman, Bonnie Fournier, Kristin Cleverley
Assessing and managing chronic pain in women with histories of interpersonal trauma, mood disorders and co-morbid addiction is complex. The aim of this paper is to report on the findings from a quality improvement project exploring women's experiences who have co-occurring mental health issues, addiction and chronic pain. Exploring perceptions was an initial step in implementing the Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario (RNAO) Best Practice Guideline (BPG) on the Assessment and Management of Pain. Focus group discussions were conducted using an exploratory design with 10 women who were hospitalized in an acute psychiatric unit...
April 21, 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437824/-neuromodulation-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-pain-what-is-useful
#10
Volker Tronnier
Neuromodulatory techniques have replaced the earlier performed neurolesional procedures to treat chronic pain syndromes with only a few exceptions. Nevertheless these procedures are invasive with respective risks and complications and therefore conservative physical, psychological pharmacological as well as interventional treatments should be performed first. Because this therapy is costly, the indication has to be proven carefully with a strict patient selection and also the long-term results have to be considered...
April 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437310/neurobiological-consequences-of-early-painful-experience-basic-science-findings-and-implications-for-evidence-based-practice
#11
Erin E Young, Amy DʼAgata, Dorothy Vittner, Kyle M Baumbauer
As healthcare teams have worked to improve infant survival rates, the management of painful events experienced by these hospitalized neonates has increased and yet pain management remains highly variable between healthcare institutions. At the same time, emerging evidence suggests that these early painful experiences may alter the trajectory of development for pain-processing pathways both peripherally and centrally. This concise review highlights findings from both the basic and clinical science literature supporting the hypothesis that early painful experiences can have long-lasting negative effects on biological, psychological, and socioemotional functions...
April 2017: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436583/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#12
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
April 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435906/low-back-pain-in-older-adults-risk-factors-management-options-and-future-directions
#13
REVIEW
Arnold Yl Wong, Jaro Karppinen, Dino Samartzis
Low back pain (LBP) is one of the major disabling health conditions among older adults aged 60 years or older. While most causes of LBP among older adults are non-specific and self-limiting, seniors are prone to develop certain LBP pathologies and/or chronic LBP given their age-related physical and psychosocial changes. Unfortunately, no review has previously summarized/discussed various factors that may affect the effective LBP management among older adults. Accordingly, the objectives of the current narrative review were to comprehensively summarize common causes and risk factors (modifiable and non-modifiable) of developing severe/chronic LBP in older adults, to highlight specific issues in assessing and treating seniors with LBP, and to discuss future research directions...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435318/prevalence-characteristics-and-burden-of-failed-back-surgery-syndrome-the-influence-of-various-residual-symptoms-on-patient-satisfaction-and-quality-of-life-as-assessed-by-a-nationwide-internet-survey-in-japan
#14
Shinsuke Inoue, Mitsuhiro Kamiya, Makoto Nishihara, Young-Chang P Arai, Tatsunori Ikemoto, Takahiro Ushida
We conducted a cross-sectional, Internet-based survey with a nationally representative sample of Japanese adults to assess the prevalence and characteristics of failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS). Data regarding the residual symptoms and patient satisfaction from an online survey of 1842 lumbar surgery patients revealed the prevalence of FBSS to be 20.6% (95% confidence interval [CI], 18.8-22.6). The prevalence of low back pain, dull ache, numbness, cold sensations, and paresthesia after surgery was 94.0%, 71...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435273/an-innovative-nonpharmacological-intervention-combined-with-intravenous-patient-controlled-analgesia-increased-patient-global-improvement-in-pain-and-satisfaction-after-major-surgery
#15
Chia-Chun Chuang, Chien-Ching Lee, Li-Kai Wang, Bor-Shyh Lin, Wen-Ju Wu, Chung-Han Ho, Jen-Yin Chen
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate whether a nonpharmacological approach through implementation of a communication improvement program (named CICARE for Connect, Introduce, Communicate, Ask, Respond and Exit) into standard operating procedure (SOP) in acute pain service (APS) improved satisfaction in patients receiving intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a nonrandomized before-after study. Adult patients (aged between 20 and 80 years) who received IV-PCA after major surgery were included...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434211/health-conditions-and-motivations-for-marijuana-use-among-young-adult-medical-marijuana-patients-and-non-patient-marijuana-users
#16
Stephen E Lankenau, Janna Ataiants, Salini Mohanty, Sheree Schrager, Ellen Iverson, Carolyn F Wong
INTRODUCTION: While marijuana has been legal for medical purposes in California since 1996, little is known about the health histories of young adult medical marijuana patients who are a significant proportion of medical marijuana patients. We examined whether young adult medical marijuana patients reported health conditions and motivations for use that were consistent with medical use of marijuana in California. METHODS: Young adults (N = 366) aged 18 to 26 years were sampled in Los Angeles in 2014-2015 and segmented into medical marijuana 'patients' (n = 210), marijuana users with a current recommendation, and non-patient users or 'non-patients' (n = 156), marijuana users who never had a medical marijuana recommendation...
April 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432855/a-systematic-review-of-psychotherapeutic-interventions-for-women-with-metastatic-breast-cancer-context-matters
#17
REVIEW
Lisa Beatty, Emma Kemp, Phyllis Butow, Afaf Girgis, Penelope Schofield, Jane Turner, Nicholas J Hulbert-Williams, Janelle V Levesque, Bogda Koczwara
OBJECTIVES: To summarise the evidence-base of psychological interventions for women with metastatic breast cancer (MBC), by mode of delivery (group, individual, or low-intensity interventions). To synthesise data regarding core intervention-elements (e.g., intervention duration) and context factors (trial setting, uptake and adherence, demographic characteristics). METHODS: Four databases were searched (inception - May 2016): MEDLINE (OvidSP), PsycINFO (OvidSP), CINAHL (EBSCO), and SCOPUS; reference lists were examined for additional publications...
April 22, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432568/the-musos-music-software-system-toolkit-a-computer-based-open-source-application-for-testing-memory-for-melodies
#18
M Rainsford, M A Palmer, G Paine
Despite numerous innovative studies, rates of replication in the field of music psychology are extremely low (Frieler et al., 2013). Two key methodological challenges affecting researchers wishing to administer and reproduce studies in music cognition are the difficulty of measuring musical responses, particularly when conducting free-recall studies, and access to a reliable set of novel stimuli unrestricted by copyright or licensing issues. In this article, we propose a solution for these challenges in computer-based administration...
April 21, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431376/trichobezoar-presenting-as-a-gastric-outlet-obstruction-a-case-report
#19
Eugene Nwankwo, Edward Daniele, Erin Woller, John Fitzwater, Thomas McGill, Steven E Brooks
INTRODUCTION: Rapunzel syndrome is a rare intestinal condition that starts with the ingestion of a trichobezoar. The condition is predominately found in females and can be associated with trichotillomania, or the compulsive urge to pull one's own hair out. There are less than 40 cases described in the literature with the prevention of recurrence aimed at psychological treatment. PRESENTATION OF CASE: The patient is a 7 year-old girl with a history of trichotillomania with trichophagia as a young child who presented with abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting, consistent with a gastric outlet obstruction...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430565/do-physicians-have-an-ethical-duty-to-repair-relationships-with-so-called-difficult-patients
#20
Micah Johnson
This essay argues that physicians hold primary ethical responsibility for repairing damaged patient-physician relationships. The first section establishes that the patient-physician relationship has an important influence on patient health and argues that physicians' duty to treat should be understood as including a responsibility to repair broken relationships, regardless of which party was "responsible" for the initial tension. The second section argues that the person with more power to repair the relationship also has more responsibility to do so and considers the moral psychology of pain as foundational to conceiving the patient in this case as especially vulnerable and disempowered...
April 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
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