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Pain psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332265/review-of-a-parent-s-influence-on-pediatric-procedural-distress-and-recovery
#1
REVIEW
Erin A Brown, Alexandra De Young, Roy Kimble, Justin Kenardy
Understanding how parents influence their child's medical procedures can inform future work to reduce pediatric procedural distress and improve recovery outcomes. Following a pediatric injury or illness diagnosis, the associated medical procedures can be potentially traumatic events that are often painful and distressing and can lead to the child experiencing long-term physical and psychological problems. Children under 6 years old are particularly at risk of illness or injury, yet their pain-related distress during medical procedures is often difficult to manage because of their young developmental level...
January 13, 2018: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330666/heidegger-communication-and-healthcare
#2
Casey Rentmeester
Communication between medical professionals and patients is an important aspect of therapy and patient satisfaction. Common barriers that get in the way of effective communication in this sphere include: (1) gender, age, and cultural differences; (2) physical or psychological discomfort or pain; (3) medical literacy; and (4) distraction due to technological factors or simply being overworked. The author examines these communicative barriers from a philosophical lens and then utilizes Martin Heidegger's phenomenology and hermeneutics to provide guidance for medical professional-patient interactions...
January 12, 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329750/women-and-the-experience-of-pain-and-opioid-use-disorder-a-literature-based-commentary
#3
Andrew L Koons, Marna Rayl Greenberg, Robert D Cannon, Gillian A Beauchamp
It is generally understood that pain experience and opioid abuse have relied on male-dominated models. However, sex and gender play a role in both pain experience and opioid use disorder. Using the previously validated Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center Sex and Gender Specific Health PubMed Advanced Search Tool, the authors used pertinent literature to develop this literature-based commentary on sex and gender differences in pain experience and opioid use disorder. Women report their experience of pain more frequently, have increased rates of diagnoses related to pain, have increased pain sensitivity, and have a variable response to pain and analgesia...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328510/a-multidimensional-assessment-of-the-burden-of-psoriasis-results-from-a-multinational-dermatologist-and-patient-survey
#4
C E M Griffiths, S J Jo, L Naldi, R Romiti, E Guevara-Sangines, T Howe, G Pietri, I Gilloteau, C Richardson, H Tian, M Augustin
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a chronic, immune-mediated disease, characterised by symptoms that include itching and skin pain and is often associated with comorbidities. Patients have a substantial detriment to quality of life (QoL) and work productivity with associated cost burden. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incremental burden of comorbidities, itch, and affected body areas among systemic eligible patients with psoriasis, using a multinational survey of dermatologists and their psoriasis patients...
January 12, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325583/an-integrated-delivery-of-care-approach-to-improve-patient-reported-physical-function-and-mental-wellbeing-after-orthopedic-trauma-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Laura Zdziarski-Horodyski, MaryBeth Horodyski, Kalia K Sadasivan, Jennifer Hagen, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Matthew Patrick, Robert Guenther, Heather K Vincent
BACKGROUND: Orthopedic trauma injury impacts nearly 2.8 million people each year. Despite surgical improvements and excellent survivorship rates, many patients experience poor quality of life (QOL) outcomes years later. Psychological distress commonly occurs after injury. Distressed patients more frequently experience rehospitalizations, pain medication dependence, and low QOL. This study was developed to test whether an integrative care approach (IntCare; ten-step program of emotional support, education, customized resources, and medical care) was superior to usual care (UsCare)...
January 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325492/illness-perception-is-significantly-determined-by-depression-and-anxiety-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#6
K Nowicka-Sauer, A Hajduk, H Kujawska-Danecka, D Banaszkiewicz, Ż Smoleńska, Z Czuszyńska, J Siebert
Objectives Illness perception is a cognitive representation influencing physical and psychological functioning and adherence in patients with rheumatic disease. Studies exploring illness perception in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are still scarce and none of them have investigated factors determining illness perception. We aimed to assess illness perception and to identify psychological, clinical and sociodemographic factors that might influence illness perception in SLE. Methods The study involved 80 patients with SLE (87...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325179/comprehensive-profiles-of-psychological-and-social-work-factors-as-predictors-of-site-specific-and-multi-site-pain
#7
Jan Olav Christensen, Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Live Bakke Finne, Stein Knardahl
Objective Despite the multifactoriality of work and health, studies of psychosocial work factors with pain are typically limited to a few factors. This study examined a wide range of factors to determine (i) typical combinations of work factor levels ("work situations") and (ii) whether "work situations" predicted pain complaints of six anatomic regions. Methods Questionnaires were distributed to 6175 employees twice over a two-year period. Latent profile analysis was conducted to group employees into profiles of work factor levels...
January 11, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324857/allergic-rhinitis-and-rhinosinusitis-synergistically-compromise-the-mental-health-and-health-related-quality-of-life-of-korean-adults-a-nationwide-population-based-survey
#8
Ji-Hyeon Shin, Daeyoung Roh, Dong-Hee Lee, Soo Whan Kim, Sung Won Kim, Jin Hee Cho, Byung-Guk Kim, Boo-Young Kim
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) and rhinosinusitis (RS) negatively impact psychological well-being and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). However, few population-based studies have investigated the effects of these conditions on mental health and HRQoL. PURPOSE: To explore independent associations of AR and/or RS with mental health and HRQoL using data from the 2013-2015 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). METHODS: The KNHANES is a nationwide cross-sectional survey of the non-institutionalized population of Korea...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322830/waiting-for-multidisciplinary-chronic-pain-services-a-prospective-study-over-2-5%C3%A2-years
#9
Anne Lj Burke, Jane L Mathias, Linley A Denson
Despite many patients waiting more than 2 years for treatment at publicly funded multidisciplinary chronic pain services, waitlist studies rarely examine beyond 6 months. We investigated psychological adjustment and health-care utilisation of individuals ( N = 339) waiting ≤30 months for appointments at an Australian tertiary pain unit. Outcomes were relatively stable during the first 6 months, but long-term deteriorations in pain-related interference, distress and pain acceptance were evident, albeit with sex differences...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320976/the-mediational-role-of-helplessness-in-psychological-outcomes-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#10
S D Mills, D Azizoddin, S Gholizadeh, G Z Racaza, P M Nicassio
Objective Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease that can result in disability and psychological distress. Although pain has been associated with depressive symptomatology and stress in SLE, a paucity of theoretical models have been used to explain the relationship between pain and psychological distress in this population. Thus, the present study examined helplessness as a mediator of the relationship between pain and psychological distress among patients with SLE. Methods Multiple mediation analysis was used to examine the hypothesis that learned helplessness mediates the relationship between pain and symptoms of anxiety, depression, and stress in a sample of patients with SLE ( N = 136) receiving medical care at Cedars Sinai Medical Center...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320375/psychological-flexibility-mediates-the-effect-of-an-online-based-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-chronic-pain-an-investigation-of-change-processes
#11
Jiaxi Lin, Laura-Isabelle Klatt, Lance M McCracken, Harald Baumeister
One way to improve treatment effects of chronic pain is to identify and improve control over mechanisms of therapeutic change. One treatment approach that includes a specific proposed mechanism is acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) with its focus on increasing psychological flexibility (PF). The aim of the present study was to examine the role of PF as a mechanism of change in ACT. This is based on mediation analyses of data from a previously reported randomized controlled trial, evaluating the effectiveness of an ACT-based online intervention for chronic pain (ACTonPain)...
December 15, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319390/an-exploration-of-pain-experiences-and-their-meaning-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#12
Annemarie L Lee, Samantha L Harrison, Roger S Goldstein, Dina Brooks
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common symptom in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) which negatively influences quality of life and psychological well-being. However, our understanding of how those with COPD interpret the experience of pain is very limited. OBJECTIVES: To explore how individuals with moderate to severe COPD experience pain. METHODS: Eight patients diagnosed with COPD who reported experiencing pain for greater than three months participated in in-depth interviews...
January 10, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318334/physiotherapy-for-pelvic-pain-and-female-sexual-dysfunction-an-untapped-resource
#13
REVIEW
Bary Berghmans
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) in women is a complex syndrome. Pain sensation and intensity often do not correspond with the identified lesion location but are felt elsewhere, leading to muskuloskeletal and myofascial disorders and sexual dysfunction (SD). Although physical aspects are prevalent, they are often underdiagnosed and undertreated due to lack of understanding regarding its origin and distribution. Frequently, patients experience pelvic pain as psychological distress resulting in physical complaints, leading clinicians to prescribe medication or surgical intervention to correct or alleviate these symptoms, often with insufficient results...
January 9, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318284/screening-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#14
David C Grossman, Susan J Curry, Douglas K Owens, Michael J Barry, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Maureen G Phipps, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, a lateral curvature of the spine of unknown cause with a Cobb angle of at least 10°, occurs in children and adolescents aged 10 to 18 years. Idiopathic scoliosis is the most common form and usually worsens during adolescence before skeletal maturity. Severe spinal curvature may be associated with adverse long-term health outcomes (eg, pulmonary disorders, disability, back pain, psychological effects, cosmetic issues, and reduced quality of life)...
January 9, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317846/psychosocial-predictors-of-posttreatment-pain-after-nonmetastatic-breast-cancer-treatment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#15
REVIEW
M Johannsen, Y Frederiksen, A B Jensen, R Zachariae
Background: The search for risk factors of pain after breast cancer, which affects a considerable proportion of the women, has primarily focused on clinical factors. The aim of this meta-analysis was to explore the less well-studied psychosocial predictors of pain after breast cancer treatment. Methods: Two independent searches were conducted in PubMed, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and CINAHL. Eligible studies were prospective, observational studies of women aged ≥18 years, diagnosed and treated for nonmetastatic breast cancer ≥3 months previously...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317060/fibromyalgia-and-unexplained-widespread-pain-the-idiopathic-cerebrospinal-pressure-dysregulation-hypothesis
#16
M Hulens, W Dankaerts, I Stalmans, A Somers, G Vansant, R Rasschaert, F Bruyninckx
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a debilitating, widespread pain disorder that is assumed to originate from inappropriate pain processing in the central nervous system. Psychological and behavioral factors are both believed to underlie the pathogenesis and complicate the treatment. This hypothesis, however, has not yet been sufficiently supported by scientific evidence and accumulating evidence supports a peripheral neurological origin of the symptoms. We postulate that FM and several unexplained widespread pain syndromes are caused by chronic postural idiopathic cerebrospinal hypertension...
January 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316960/pregabalin-versus-gabapentin-in-the-treatment-of-sciatica-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-double-blind-cross-over-trial-pagpros
#17
Kelvin Robertson, Laurence A G Marshman, Maria Hennessy, Linton Harriss, David Plummer
BACKGROUND: There is currently an absence of high-grade evidence regarding the treatment of chronic sciatica (CS). Whilst gabapentin (GBP) and pregabalin (PGB) are both currently used to treat CS, equipoise exists regarding their individual use. In particular, no head-to-head study of GBP and PGB in CS exists. Despite equipoise, most countries' formulary regulatory authorities typically favour one drug for subsidy over the other. This hinders interchange wherever the favoured drug is either ineffective or not tolerated...
January 9, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316883/active-ingredients-of-a-person-centred-intervention-for-people-on-hiv-treatment-analysis-of-mixed-methods-trial-data
#18
Keira Lowther, Richard Harding, Victoria Simms, Aabid Ahmed, Zipporah Ali, Nancy Gikaara, Lorraine Sherr, Hellen Kariuki, Irene J Higginson, Lucy Ellen Selman
BACKGROUND: A new model of care is required to meet the changing needs of people living with HIV (PLWH), particularly in low and middle-income countries, where prevalence is highest. We evaluated a palliative care intervention for PLWH in Mombasa, Kenya. Although we found no effect on pain (primary outcome), there was a positive effect on mental health (secondary outcome) in the intervention group. To inform replication and implementation, we have determined the active ingredients of the intervention and their mechanisms of action...
January 10, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316548/determinants-of-dental-care-attendance-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#19
Juliana Schaia Rocha, Letícia Yumi Arima, Renata Iani Werneck, Samuel Jorge Moysés, Márcia Helena Baldani
Despite the fact that dental care attendance during pregnancy has been recommended by guidelines and institutions, the demand for dental services is still low among pregnant women. The aim of this study was to identify and analyze the determinants of dental care attendance during pregnancy. We performed a systematic literature search in the electronic databases PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, Brazilian Library in Dentistry, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Medline using relevant keywords...
January 10, 2018: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316246/sleep-quality-and-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-a-psychological-issue
#20
Michel Bouchoucha, Florence Mary, Cyriaque Bon, Bakhtiar Bejou, Gheorghe Airinei, Robert Benamouzig
BACKGROUND / AIMS: Sleep disorders are often associated with functional gastro-intestinal disorders (FGIDs). This study aims to evaluate the association of sleep disorders with specific FGIDs and to assess the related importance of psychological disorders. METHODS: We included 1009 consecutive FGID patients (71% female), aged 48.2 ± 16.7 years (M±SD), BMI 26.9 ± 11.2 kg/m2 . These patients filled in a Rome III questionnaire and underwent a psychological evaluation on anxiety and depression...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Digestive Diseases
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