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Posttraumatic growth

Laurin Imholz, Rebecca E Meister-Langraf, Mary Princip, Michaela Fux, Ulrich Schnyder, Jürgen Barth, Hansjörg Znoj, Jean-Paul Schmid, Roland von Känel
OBJECTIVE: Pain and inflammation during acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have been associated with the development of posttraumatic stress disorder and may also impact negatively on somatic outcome. We investigated the relationship between pain during AMI and levels of circulating proinflammatory (tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-α, interleukin [IL]-6) and anti-inflammatory (IL-33 and tissue growth factor [TGF]-β1) cytokines. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the Myocardial Infarction - Stress Prevention Intervention (MI-SPRINT) study...
November 4, 2017: Neuroimmunomodulation
Jorden A Cummings
Child interpersonal trauma is associated with a host of negative outcomes, both concurrently and in adulthood. Parental responses following trauma can play an important role in modulating child responses, symptoms, and post-trauma functioning. However, parents themselves are also impacted after their child experiences trauma, reporting distress, psychopathology, concerns about the child's safety, changes in discipline and protectiveness, and feelings of blame. Most of this previous research, however, suffers from methodological limitations such as focusing on description and correlations, providing static "one shot" assessments of parenting after trauma, and relying mainly on results related to child sexual abuse...
November 1, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
(no author information available yet)
Editor's note: From its first issue in 1900 through to the present day, AJN has unparalleled archives detailing nurses' work and lives over more than a century. These articles not only chronicle nursing's growth as a profession within the context of the events of the day, but they also reveal prevailing societal attitudes about women, health care, and human rights. Today's nursing school curricula rarely include nursing's history, but it's a history worth knowing. To this end, From the AJN Archives highlights articles selected to fit today's topics and times...
November 2017: American Journal of Nursing
Sang Won Jeon, Changsu Han, Joonho Choi, Young-Hoon Ko, Ho-Kyoung Yoon, Yong-Ku Kim
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effects of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) on post-traumatic growth (PTG). Methods: This study was conducted using a sample of ten survivors of a large-scale maritime disaster that occurred in the Yellow Sea, South Korea, in April 2014. A total of eight EMDR sessions were administered by a psychiatrist at two-week intervals over a period of five months, starting two or three months after the accident...
November 30, 2017: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Michael K E Schäfer, Irmgard Tegeder
Traumatic injury of the central nervous system is one of the leading causes of death and disability in young adults. Failure of regeneration is caused by autonomous neuronal obstacles and by formation of the glial scar, which is essential to seal the injury but also constitutes a barrier for regrowing axons. The scar center is highly inflammatory and populated by NG2+ glia, whereas astrocytes form the sealing border and trap regrowing axons, suggesting that the non-permissive environment of activated astrocytes and extracellular matrix components is one of the reasons for the regenerative failure...
October 17, 2017: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
Ilmari Pyykko, Vinaya Manchaiah, Erna Kentala, Hilla Levo, Martti Juhola
Purpose: In this article, we present the details and the pilot outcome of an Internet-based self-help program for Ménière's disease (MD). Method: The Norton-Kaplan model is applied to construct a strategic, person-focused approach in the enablement process. The program assesses the disorder profile and diagnosis. In the therapeutic component of the program, the participant defines vision and time frame, inspects confounding factors, determines goals, establishes a strategy, and starts to work on the important problems caused by the disorder...
October 10, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
Eyal Haroosh, Sara Freedman
Background: It is well documented that individuals coping with adverse events report both negative outcomes, such as posttraumatic stress symptoms, as well as positive changes, described as posttraumatic growth. Positive changes are also reported in people who have recovered from substance abuse. It seems plausible from the literature that both of these types of positive changes have elements in common. To date, no published studies have examined positive outcomes among people who have recovered from addiction...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Mehdi Heidarzadeh, Parisa Naseri, Mahmood Shamshiri, Behrouz Dadkhah, Maryam Rassouli, Mehri Gholchin
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the factor structure of the Persian version of posttraumatic growth inventory (P-PTGI). METHODS: Participants included 272 Iranian people of Azari ethnicity (111 women and 161 men), aged between 21 and 91 years (mean 52.65 years), who were diagnosed with cancer and were referred to the oncology department of the university hospital. The P-PTGI was assessed to determine the construct validity, using various indices of confirmatory factor analysis and standardized lambda coefficient, followed by further assessment of the discriminant and convergent validities by using the structural equation model...
September 2017: Asian Nursing Research
Ting Li, Ting Liu, Jing Han, Mei Zhang, Zhenyun Li, Qina Zhu, Aimin Wang
Research has indicated that clinical serious disease may lead to posttraumatic growth (PTG). However, little is known about PTG among hemodialysis (HD) patients. The study examined the relationship among resilience, rumination and PTG among Chinese HD patients. 196 HD patients were recruited from a tertiary hospital in a Northern city of China between 1 June 2015 and 30 May 2016. Patients were surveyed using the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory-Chinese version, Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, and Chinese Event Related Rumination Inventory...
October 6, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Yiqun Gan, Lei Zheng, Yu Wang, Wenju Li
OBJECTIVE: Meaning making refers to the process of integrating the appraised meaning of a traumatic event into one's global belief system to reduce cognitive discrepancy. Park and Folkman (1997) proposed the renowned "meaning-making model," which was a major contribution to trauma research from a positive psychology viewpoint. This concept is important for understanding the trauma of cancer patients, as searching for meaning is fairly common after a cancer diagnosis. However, the original model did not incorporate individual differences in resilience, which might account for the fact that research on this model has produced contradictory results...
October 5, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
David R Strasshofer, Zoë D Peterson, Marin C Beagley, Tara E Galovski
OBJECTIVE: Past research has revealed that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterized by disturbances in emotional reactivity, including anger reactions. In turn, posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and anger reactions have been shown to be independently associated with posttraumatic growth (PTG). As such, anger reactions may serve as a pathway of influence through which PTSS lead to PTG in trauma-exposed adults. METHOD: The current study examined cross-sectional relationships among PTSS, anger reactions, and PTG in 318 participants who were exposed to the violent political protests in Ferguson, Missouri after the officer-involved shooting of Michael Brown...
October 5, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
Angela Liegey Dougall, Jeffrey Swanson, Yasushi Kyutoku, Chandra P Belani, Andrew Baum
PURPOSE: This longitudinal study characterized psychological adjustment in a sample of lung cancer patients by examining the occurrence of posttraumatic stress and growth and their relationships with mental and physical health quality of life and survival over time. METHODS: Two waves of consecutive cohort samples, totaling 115 participants diagnosed with lung cancer, were identified from outpatient oncology clinics. Of these, 93 consented and completed the first of three assessments, and 57 completed the study...
September 2017: Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research
Mies C van Eenbergen, Lonneke V van de Poll-Franse, Peter Heine, Floortje Mols
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the question of how patients' participating in online communities affects various patient reported outcomes (PROs) has been investigated in several ways. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to systematically review all relevant literature identified using key search terms, with regard to, first, changes in PROs for cancer patients who participate in online communities and, second, the characteristics of patients who report such effects. METHODS: A computerized search of the literature via PubMed (MEDLINE), PsycINFO (5 and 4 stars), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and ScienceDirect was performed...
September 28, 2017: JMIR Cancer
Ewa A Ogłodek, Marek J Just, Adam R Szromek, Aleksander Araszkiewicz
BACKGROUND: Neurotrophin-4/5 (NT-4/5) and glutathione peroxidase-1 (GPX-1) have been shown to play a major role in neuronal processes including depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). They protect the body from oxidative damage by affecting neuronal growth, development and plasticity. The aim of the study was to evaluate the concentrations of NT-4/5, GPX-1, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and l-arginine in patients suffering from varying levels of depression severity, PTSD, and depression comorbid with PTSD...
May 1, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
Senadin Fadilpašić, Daniel Maleč, Alma Džubur-Kulenović
BACKGROUND: Long-term posttraumatic outcomes such as quality of life are dependent on a series of factors from the very exposure to traumatic events and stress appraisals, personality traits, posttraumatic growth, symptoms of Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and different coping strategies to religiousness and religious coping styles. Except of exposure to traumatic events and related stress, all other variables may have indirect mediating effects on long-term posttraumatic outcomes...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
Teddy J Akiki, Christopher L Averill, Chadi G Abdallah
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although a fine-grained understanding of the neurobiology of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is yet to be elucidated, the last two decades have seen a rapid growth in the study of PTSD using neuroimaging techniques. The current review summarizes important findings from functional and structural neuroimaging studies of PTSD, by primarily focusing on their relevance towards an emerging network-based neurobiological model of the disorder. RECENT FINDINGS: PTSD may be characterized by a weakly connected and hypoactive default mode network (DMN) and central executive network (CEN) that are putatively destabilized by an overactive and hyperconnected salience network (SN), which appears to have a low threshold for perceived saliency, and inefficient DMN-CEN modulation...
September 19, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
María Ángeles Pérez-San-Gregorio, Agustín Martín-Rodríguez, Mercedes Borda-Mas, María Luisa Avargues-Navarro, José Pérez-Bernal, Rupert Conrad, Miguel Ángel Gómez-Bravo
OBJECTIVE: Little is known concerning post-traumatic growth (PTG) after liver transplantation. Against this backdrop the current study analysed the relationship between PTG and time since transplantation on quality of life. Furthermore, it compared PTG between liver transplant recipients and their caregivers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional case-control study. SETTING: University Hospital in Spain. PARTICIPANTS: 240 adult liver transplant recipients who had undergone only one transplantation, with no severe mental disease, were the participants of the study...
September 15, 2017: BMJ Open
Kunlin Zhang, Susu Qu, Suhua Chang, Gen Li, Chengqi Cao, Kechi Fang, Miranda Olff, Li Wang, Jing Wang
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating psychiatric syndrome with complex etiology. Studies aiming to explore genetic susceptibility and environmental triggers of PTSD have been increasing. However, the results are limited and highly heterogeneous. To understand the genetic study status of PTSD and explore more reliable candidates, we obtained 105 PTSD related genetic studies by comprehensively literature searching and filtering 1762 studies. Detailed phenotype and sample information for each study and association results for each genetic marker were extracted...
September 6, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Michael Killian, Andrea N Cimino, Natasha S Mendoza, Randy Shively, Kami Kunz
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and co-occurring substance use disorders (SUDs) are common among women who are incarcerated. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between trauma and readiness to change substance use behaviors. METHODS: This study used data from 103 participants enrolled in a residential re-entry program for women with SUDs and trauma history. Women reporting clinically elevated Trauma Symptom Inventory (TSI) subscale scores were compared to those without elevated scores on the University of Rhode Island Change Assessment (URICA) readiness to change instrument...
September 8, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
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