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Posttraumatic growth

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743174/the-effectiveness-of-a-group-intervention-to-facilitate-posttraumatic-growth-among-women-with-breast-cancer
#1
Catarina Ramos, Pedro Alexandre Costa, Tânia Rudnicki, Ana Lúcia Marôco, Isabel Leal, Raquel Guimarães, José Luís Fougo, Richard G Tedeschi
OBJECTIVE: This longitudinal study tested the effectiveness of a group intervention designed to facilitate Posttraumatic Growth (PTG). The effects of group participation on components of the PTG model were also explored. METHODS: Sample consisted of 205 women diagnosed with non-metastatic breast cancer who were either assigned to an intervention group (n = 58) or to a control group (n = 147). PTG, challenge to core beliefs, and rumination (intrusive and deliberate) were assessed at baseline (T1), at 6 months (T2) and at 12 months after baseline (T3)...
July 25, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741136/predictors-of-resilience-and-posttraumatic-growth-among-people-living-with-hiv-a-longitudinal-study
#2
Helena Garrido-Hernansaiz, Patrick J Murphy, Jesús Alonso-Tapia
This longitudinal study investigated the predictors of HIV-related resilience (HR) and posttraumatic growth (PTG) among Spanish-speaking HIV-positive people. Perceived past resilience, internalised stigma, and coping strategies were hypothesised as possible predictors. Data were collected at two time points from 119 HIV-positive people. Path analyses with latent variables revealed that half of HR 8 months after diagnosis was predicted by rumination, emotional expression, positive thinking, internalised stigma, and perceived past resilience...
July 24, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737261/does-prolonged-grief-treatment-foster-posttraumatic-growth-secondary-results-from-a-treatment-study-with-long-term-follow-up-and-mediation-analysis
#3
Helga Bartl, Maria Hagl, Michaela Kotoučová, Gabriele Pfoh, Rita Rosner
OBJECTIVES: Prolonged grief disorder (PGD) is a persistent and disabling kind of grief reaction that can be treated effectively with psychotherapeutic interventions. There has been limited investigation of whether these interventions can also enhance positive outcomes of bereavement, such as posttraumatic growth or benefit finding. DESIGN: As part of secondary analyses in a randomized controlled trial evaluating integrative cognitive-behavioural therapy for PGD (PG-CBT), the posttraumatic growth trajectories in 51 outpatients with clinically relevant prolonged grief symptoms were followed up from baseline up to 1...
July 24, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725952/spirituality-distress-and-posttraumatic-growth-in-breast-cancer-patients
#4
Ana Cristina Paredes, M Graça Pereira
Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer for women and is associated with increased distress. Spirituality and posttraumatic growth (PTG) have been associated with illness adjustment, but the relationship between these variables is still not well understood. A sample of 100 breast cancer patients completed a demographic and clinical questionnaire, the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory, Spiritual and Religious Attitudes in Dealing with Illness, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Results showed an association between PTG, spirituality and distress...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724297/-living-in-the-moment-among-cancer-survivors-who-report-life-transforming-change
#5
Perry Skeath, Ann Berger
BACKGROUND: Some cancer survivors say that while coping with their illness they have had what they identify as a highly beneficial, personal, life-transforming change (LTC; a self-subscribed condition among participants in this study, not a researcher-defined construct). Previously we found that the content of LTC was highly individual; but certain features of the LTC process were quite uniform. For example, LTC was driven by a very rational desire to remain genuinely functional as a person in the midst of highly stressful circumstances...
July 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720265/the-mediating-role-of-resilience-in-the-relationship-between-social-support-and-posttraumatic-growth-among-colorectal-cancer-survivors-with-permanent-intestinal-ostomies-a-structural-equation-model-analysis
#6
Xiaoling Dong, Guopeng Li, Chunlei Liu, Linghua Kong, Yueyan Fang, Xiaofei Kang, Ping Li
PURPOSE: Information on posttraumatic growth (PTG) among colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors with permanent intestinal ostomies is limited. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the occurrence of PTG among CRC survivors with permanent intestinal ostomies and its association with perceived social support and resilience. METHODS: This study was conducted with 164 CRC survivors with permanent intestinal ostomies at least one month after surgery. Participants completed questionnaires assessing socio-demographic and clinical characteristics, perceived social support, resilience and PTG...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713307/posttraumatic-growth-and-dyadic-adjustment-among-war-veterans-and-their-wives
#7
Yael Lahav, Yaniv Kanat-Maymon, Zahava Solomon
The controversy regarding the nature of posttraumatic growth includes two main competing claims: one which argues that posttraumatic growth reflects authentic positive changes and the other which argues that posttraumatic growth reflects illusory defenses. While the former might suggest that posttraumatic growth enhances intimacy and close relationships, the latter might imply that posttraumatic growth hinders interpersonal relations. The present study aimed to test these claims by investigating the association between posttraumatic growth and dyadic adjustment over time at both the individual and dyadic levels, and the potential role of posttraumatic stress symptoms...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706167/-development-and-validation-of-the-cancer-specific-posttraumatic-growth-inventory
#8
Young Mi Jung, Jin Hee Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop a scale to evaluate posttraumatic growth in patients with cancer and to examine the validity and reliability of the scale. METHODS: A literature review, semi-structured patient interviews and an expert panel consultation produced a 27 preliminary item questionnaire. Participants were 150 cancer patients recruited to test the reliability and validity of the preliminary scale. Data were analyzed using item analysis, exploratory factor analysis, convergent validity and internal consistency...
June 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705086/longitudinal-relations-between-childhood-maltreatment-maltreatment-specific-shame-and-postpartum-psychopathology
#9
Rena A Menke, Diana Morelen, Valerie A Simon, Katherine L Rosenblum, Maria Muzik
The persistence of shame-based reactions to child maltreatment (CM) has been associated with poor posttraumatic adjustment. Despite evidence that the postpartum period is a vulnerable time for women with CM histories, little is known about the consequences of maltreatment-specific (MS) shame for postpartum functioning. The current study examined individual differences in MS shame among a sample of women during the postpartum period ( n = 100) as well as prospective relations from MS shame to postpartum psychopathology at 6-, 12-, 15-, and 18-month postpartum...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705039/the-associations-of-complicated-grief-depression-posttraumatic-growth-and-hope-among-bereaved-youth
#10
Alison Salloum, Anne Bjoerke, Carly Johnco
Research on the association between complicated grief (CG), hope, and posttraumatic growth (PTG) among bereaved youth is limited. Measures of CG, depression, hope, and PTG were completed by 85 youth (aged 7-18 years). Results indicated a strong positive relationship between CG and depressive symptoms, an inverse relationship between hope and depressive symptoms, and a moderate positive relationship between hope and PTG. There was no significant association between CG and hope or between CG and PTG. Higher levels of CG and lower levels of hope independently predicted greater depressive symptoms, but PTG did not...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701111/mothers-grief-forgiveness-and-posttraumatic-growth-after-the-loss-of-a-child
#11
Lucia Martinčeková, John Klatt
The aim of this study was to investigate maternal grief after losing a child in relation to forgiveness and posttraumatic growth. A sample of 60 grieving mothers from Slovakia completed the following battery: The Texas Revised Inventory of Grief, a modified version of the Enright Forgiveness Inventory, and the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory. The results showed a negative association between forgiveness and grief and a strong positive association between forgiveness and posttraumatic growth, which was not moderated by the time elapsed since the loss...
August 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682106/posttraumatic-growth-in-bereaved-parents-a-multidimensional-model-of-associated-factors
#12
Sara Albuquerque, Isabel Narciso, Marco Pereira
OBJECTIVE: Although the death of a child is a devastating event, recent evidence shows that personal growth is a relevant outcome of parents' grief. This study aimed to examine the factors associated with posttraumatic growth (PTG) and to propose a multidimensional model consisting of sociodemographic, situational, and intrapersonal and interpersonal factors. METHOD: A sample (N = 197; 89.8% female; mean age = 39.44 years) of bereaved parents completed the Post-Traumatic Growth Inventory-Short Form, the 14-Item Resilience Scale, the Continuing Bonds Scale, and the Dyadic Coping Inventory...
July 6, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681356/the-impact-of-natural-disasters-on-youth-a-focus-on-emerging-research-beyond-internalizing-disorders
#13
REVIEW
Shannon Self-Brown, Betty Lai, Alexandria Patterson, Theresa Glasheen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper reviews youth outcomes following exposure to natural disaster, with a focus on three relatively understudied outcomes: externalizing behavior problems, physical health, and posttraumatic growth. Recent, high-impact studies focusing on each outcome are summarized. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies highlighted in this review utilize innovative and comprehensive approaches to improve our current understanding of youth broad-based physical and mental health outcomes beyond PTSD...
August 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637083/changes-in-spiritual-well-being-and-psychological-outcomes-in-ovarian-cancer-survivors
#14
Lauren Z Davis, Michaela Cuneo, Premal H Thaker, Michael J Goodheart, David Bender, Susan Lutgendorf
OBJECTIVE: Because of the poor prognosis of ovarian cancer and concomitant distress, understanding contributors to positive well-being is critical. This study examines spiritual growth as a domain of posttraumatic growth and its contribution to longitudinal emotional outcomes in ovarian cancer. METHODS: Ovarian cancer patients (N=241) completed measures assessing spirituality (FACIT-SP-12; subscales: faith, meaning, and peace), depression (CESD), cancer-specific anxiety (IES), and total mood disturbance (TMD: POMS) prior to surgery and one-year post-surgery...
June 21, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628600/alterations-in-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-and-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-protein-levels-after-penetrating-ballistic-like-brain-injury-in-rats
#15
Sindhu K Madathil, Ying Deng-Bryant, Bernard S Wilfred, Lai Yee Leung, Janice S Gilsdorf, Deborah A Shear
BACKGROUND: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) are essential for neuroplasticity and neuronal survival. Despite the importance of these endogenous factors in mediating posttraumatic recovery, little is known about their response after penetrating type traumatic brain injury. The objective of this study was to quantify the expression levels BDNF and IGF-1, two well-known neuroplasticity mediators, after penetrating ballistic-like brain injury (PBBI)...
July 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619421/the-protective-role-of-maternal-posttraumatic-growth-and-cognitive-trauma-processing-among-palestinian-mothers-and-infants
#16
Safwat Y Diab, Sanna Isosävi, Samir R Qouta, Saija Kuittinen, Raija-Leena Punamäki
War survivors use multiple cognitive and emotional processes to protect their mental health from the negative impacts of trauma. Because mothers and infants may be especially vulnerable to trauma in conditions of war, it is urgent to determine which cognitive and emotional processes are effective for preventing negative trauma impacts." This study examined whether mothers' high posttraumatic growth (PTG) and positive posttraumatic cognitions (PTC) protected (a) their own mental health and (b) their infants' stress regulation and sensorimotor and language development from the effects of war trauma...
June 12, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594439/genetic-and-psychosocial-predictors-of-alcohol-use-trajectories-among-disaster-exposed-adolescents
#17
Kaitlin Bountress, Carla Kmett Danielson, Vernell Williamson, Vladimir Vladmirov, Joel Gelernter, Kenneth Ruggiero, Ananda Amstadter
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adolescent alcohol misuse is associated with numerous long-term adverse outcomes, so we examined predictors of alcohol use among disaster-exposed adolescents, a group at-risk for alcohol misuse. METHODS: The current study (n = 332) examined severity of tornado-related exposure, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, emotional support, and a genetic risk sum score (GRSS) as predictors of alcohol use trajectories. RESULTS: Severity of exposure interacted with the GRSS to predict both intercept (12-month follow up quantity of alcohol use) and growth rate...
June 8, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594203/predictors-of-posttraumatic-growth-10-11-months-after-a-fatal-earthquake
#18
Robin Achterhof, Martin J Dorahy, Amy Rowlands, Charlotte Renouf, Eileen Britt, Janet D Carter
Posttraumatic growth (PTG) is a commonly observed phenomenon in the wake of a distressing event, capturing potentially beneficial effects for posttraumatic adaptation. However, it is not entirely clear what factors are essential for the development of PTG, especially after natural disasters. Most importantly, it is uncertain what type of relationship exists between posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and PTG. As yet, there is also no consensus on whether PTG can best be seen as a process outcome or as a coping mechanism...
June 8, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594202/the-four-faces-of-rumination-to-stressful-events-a-psychometric-analysis
#19
Felipe E García, Almudena Duque, Félix Cova
OBJECTIVE: To increase the knowledge of rumination and its associations with stressful events, we explored the relationships between 4 types of rumination (brooding, reflection, intrusive, and deliberate rumination) in a sample of 750 adult participants who experienced a highly stressful event. We also explored the predictive value of the different types of rumination on posttraumatic stress symptoms and posttraumatic growth 6 months after the highly stressful event occurred. METHOD: Participants completed the Ruminative Response Scale and the Event-Related Rumination Inventory...
June 8, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585777/natural-course-of-co-occurring-ptsd-and-alcohol-use-disorder-among-recent-combat-veterans
#20
Kyle Possemato, Stephen A Maisto, Michael Wade, Kimberly Barrie, Emily M Johnson, Paige C Ouimette
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD) commonly co-occur in veterans, yet little is known about the longitudinal course of PTSD and drinking in comorbid populations. This study assessed the natural course of daily alcohol consumption and weekly changes in PTSD symptoms in 112 recent combat veterans over the course of 11 months. Latent class growth mixture modeling was used to classify individuals into distinct classes with similar PTSD symptom and alcohol use growth trajectories...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
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