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Posttraumatic growth

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229068/the-characteristics-of-emotional-response-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-post-traumatic-growth-among-chinese-adults-exposed-to-an-explosion-incident
#1
Chuguang Wei, Jin Han, Yuqing Zhang, Walter Hannak, Zhengkui Liu
PURPOSE: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and post-traumatic growth (PTG) are two different outcomes that may occur after experiencing traumatic events. Meanwhile, the traumatic exposure level and emotion response played an important role in the process. The present study first evaluated the relationship between PTSD, PTG, and traumatic exposure level and then compared the characteristics of emotional response through response time of the affective priming paradigm. METHODS: For the purpose of evaluating the relationship between PTSD, PTG, and trauma exposure level, a sample of 2,395 participants completed measures of posttraumatic stress disorder Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C), Post-traumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI) and a trauma exposure-related survey, and Pearson's correlation analysis for the scales were conducted...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222310/circulating-mirna-associated-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-a-cohort-of-military-combat-veterans
#2
Christiana G Martin, Hyungsuk Kim, Sijung Yun, Whitney Livingston, Joseph Fetta, Vincent Mysliwiec, Tristin Baxter, Jessica M Gill
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) affects many returning combat veterans, but underlying biological mechanisms remain unclear. In order to compare circulating micro RNA (miRNA) of combat veterans with and without PTSD, peripheral blood from 24 subjects was collected following deployment, and isolated miRNA was sequenced. PTSD was associated with 8 differentially expressed miRNA. Pathway analysis shows that PTSD is related to the axon guidance and Wnt signaling pathways, which work together to support neuronal development through regulation of growth cones...
January 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217971/posttraumatic-growth-in-relationally-betrayed-women
#3
Deb Laaser, Heather L Putney, Matthew Bundick, David L Delmonico, Elizabeth J Griffin
The research literature on relational betrayal in a committed relationship has focused on the resulting trauma from the betrayal; however, few studies investigated the potential for posttraumatic growth following a relational betrayal. This study investigated the presence of posttraumatic growth in relationally betrayed women. The research focused on women's perceptions of the relational betrayal, and factors that facilitated posttraumatic growth. Results indicated relationally betrayed women perceived the betrayal as a traumatic event, to the extent that some met criteria for PTSD diagnosis...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217246/positive-and-negative-religious-spiritual-coping-and-combat-exposure-as-predictors-of-posttraumatic-stress-and-perceived-growth-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-veterans
#4
Crystal L Park, Philip H Smith, Sharon Y Lee, Carolyn M Mazure, Sherry A McKee, Rani Hoff
We examined religious/spiritual (RS) coping from the Survey of Experiences of Returning Veterans (SERV) Study, 630 participants who reported on their demographics, combat exposure, use of positive and negative RS coping, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and perceived posttraumatic growth (PPTG). PTSD symptoms and PPTG were inversely correlated. As hypothesized, negative RS coping was inversely associated with PPTG and positively with PTSD, while positive RS coping was related only to PPTG. Although we expected that RS coping would buffer relations between combat exposure and both PTSD and PPTG, we found only one moderator effect and it was opposite our hypothesized direction: Those with high combat exposure and high positive RS coping had the highest PTSD symptomatology...
2017: Psychology of Religion and Spirituality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206785/relationships-among-traumatic-experiences-ptsd-and-posttraumatic-growth-for-police-officers-a-path-analysis
#5
Brian A Chopko, Patrick A Palmieri, Richard E Adams
OBJECTIVE: Law enforcement officers tend to be exposed to a high frequency of potentially traumatic incidents. A dichotomous distinction among these events involves the witnessing of threat or harm to others and the experiencing of threat or harm directly to oneself. Past research suggests that different types of trauma exposure produce varying levels of negative posttraumatic responses including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and positive outcomes such as posttraumatic growth (PTG)...
February 16, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186462/posttraumatic-growth-following-the-loss-of-a-pet
#6
Cori Bussolari, Janice Habarth, Satoko Kimpara, Rachel Katz, France Carlos, Amy Chow, Hisao Osada, Yukiko Osada, Betty J Carmack, Nigel P Field, Wendy Packman
The current study examined Posttraumatic Growth (PTG) experienced by bereaved pet owners in the United States, French-Canada, Japan, and Hong Kong following the death of their pet. Using qualitative methodology, we analyzed responses of participants who answered "yes" to a question about experiencing PTG and explored to what extent the cross-cultural responses mapped onto the five factors of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI). For the U.S. sample, 58% of responses mapped onto the PTGI. For French-Canada, 72% of responses mapped onto the PTGI...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182457/trauma-cognitions-are-related-to-symptoms-up-to-10-years-after-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#7
Christine D Scher, Michael K Suvak, Patricia A Resick
OBJECTIVES: This study examined (a) relationships between trauma-related cognitions and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms from pretreatment through a long-term period after cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for PTSD and (b) whether these relationships were impacted by treatment type. METHOD: Participants were 171 women randomized into treatment for PTSD after rape. Measures of self-reported trauma-related cognitions and interviewer-assessed PTSD symptoms (i...
February 9, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178207/impact-of-cannabis-use-on-treatment-outcomes-among-adults-receiving-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-ptsd-and-substance-use-disorders
#8
Lesia M Ruglass, Alina Shevorykin, Vanja Radoncic, Kathryn M Z Smith, Philip H Smith, Isaac R Galatzer-Levy, Santiago Papini, Denise A Hien
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated a strong link between trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD and substance use disorders (SUDs) in general and cannabis use disorders in particular. Yet, few studies have examined the impact of cannabis use on treatment outcomes for individuals with co-occurring PTSD and SUDs. METHODS: Participants were 136 individuals who received cognitive-behavioral therapies for co-occurring PTSD and SUD. Multivariate regressions were utilized to examine the associations between baseline cannabis use and end-of-treatment outcomes...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175326/emotion-socialization-in-the-context-of-childhood-cancer-perceptions-of-parental-support-promotes-posttraumatic-growth
#9
Katianne M Howard Sharp, Victoria W Willard, Sarah Barnes, Rachel Tillery, Alanna Long, Sean Phipps
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173141/siblings-of-children-with-a-complex-chronic-health-condition-maternal-posttraumatic-growth-as-a-predictor-of-changes-in-child-behavior-problems
#10
Ellen Stephenson, Anita DeLongis, Rose Steele, Susan Cadell, Gail S Andrews, Harold Siden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171681/modeling-posttraumatic-growth-among-cancer-patients-the-roles-of-social-support-appraisals-and-adaptive-coping
#11
Weidan Cao, Xiaona Qi, Xuanye Han
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to build a model to explain the relationships between social support, uncontrollability appraisal, adaptive coping, and posttraumatic growth (PTG) among cancer patients in China. METHODS: The participants who were cancer patients in a cancer hospital in China filled out a survey. The final sample size was 201. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to to build a model explaining PTG. RESULTS: SEM results indicated higher levels of social support predicted higher levels of adaptive coping, higher levels of uncontrollability appraisal predicted lower levels of adaptive coping, and higher levels of adaptive coping predicted higher levels of PTG...
February 7, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163691/coping-strategies-in-liver-transplant-recipients-and-caregivers-according-to-patient-posttraumatic-growth
#12
M Ángeles Pérez-San-Gregorio, Agustín Martín-Rodríguez, Mercedes Borda-Mas, M Luisa Avargues-Navarro, José Pérez-Bernal, M Ángel Gómez-Bravo
The purpose of this study was to analyze the differences in coping strategies employed by liver transplant recipients and their family members according to patient posttraumatic growth. Two matched groups of 214 liver transplant recipients and 214 family members were selected. The Posttraumatic Growth Inventory and Brief COPE were used. The most relevant results were: (1) Interactive effects in active coping, support (instrumental and emotional) and acceptance strategies, which were all used more by patients with higher growth levels, while their family members showed no differences in use of these strategies by patient growth level...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151589/from-blast-to-bench-a-translational-mini-review-of-posttraumatic-headache
#13
REVIEW
Laura S Moye, Amynah A Pradhan
Current events within the military and professional sports have resulted in an increased recognition of the long-term and debilitating consequences of traumatic brain injury. Mild traumatic brain injury accounts for the majority of head injuries, and posttraumatic headache is the most common adverse effect. It is estimated that between 30% to 90% of traumatic brain injuries result in posttraumatic headache, and for a significant number of people this headache disorder can continue for up to and over a year post injury...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145816/a-naturalistic-study-of-a-brief-treatment-program-for-survivors-of-complex-trauma
#14
Catherine C Classen, Robert T Muller, Nigel P Field, Carrie S Clark, Eva-Marie Stern
A naturalistic study of a brief treatment program for The impact of chronic trauma can be longstanding, affecting survivor affect regulation, consciousness, interpersonal functioning, perceptions of self and others, self-regulation, and somatic experience. There is a growing consensus that multi-modal and staged approaches to treatment are necessary to promote healing. However, empirical investigations of such treatments are still needed. The current study used a naturalistic design to examine the impact of a brief, yet intensive, outpatient program on complex PTSD symptoms and attachment classification among women with histories of chronic trauma...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127898/secondary-traumatic-stress-and-secondary-posttraumatic-growth-in-a-sample-of-dutch-police-family-liaison-officers
#15
M J J Kunst, M C Saan, L J A Bollen, K F Kuijpers
This study investigated secondary traumatic stress (STS) and secondary posttraumatic growth (SPG) in a sample of Dutch police family liaison officers (N = 224). Our study had two aims: (a) to identify potential risk and protective factors for STS and (b) to investigate the association between STS and SPG. None of the risk (caseload and a personal trauma history) and protective factors (age, work experience, and support by supervisors and coworkers) identified in previous research correlated with STS. However, a small positive association was found between STS and SPG...
January 27, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124180/women-with-ovarian-cancer-examining-the-role-of-social-support-and-rumination-in-posttraumatic-growth-psychological-distress-and-psychological-well-being
#16
Erin M Hill, Kaitlin Watkins
The present study examined the role of social support and rumination (deliberate vs. intrusive) in posttraumatic growth (PTG), psychological distress (PD), and psychological well-being (PWB) among women with ovarian cancer. Sixty-seven women who had experienced ovarian cancer were recruited through social media and cancer-related websites, and completed an online survey. Contrary to hypotheses, results indicated that social support was not predictive of PTG, and the mediation of rumination was not significant in the regression of social support on PTG...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121789/posttraumatic-growth-breaking-through-to-recovery
#17
Joyce Mikal-Flynn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117048/amygdala-reactivity-and-anterior-cingulate-habituation-predict-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptom-maintenance-after-acute-civilian-trauma
#18
Jennifer S Stevens, Ye Ji Kim, Isaac R Galatzer-Levy, Renuka Reddy, Timothy D Ely, Charles B Nemeroff, Lauren A Hudak, Tanja Jovanovic, Barbara O Rothbaum, Kerry J Ressler
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest that exaggerated amygdala reactivity is a vulnerability factor for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); however, our understanding is limited by a paucity of prospective, longitudinal studies. Recent studies in healthy samples indicate that, relative to reactivity, habituation is a more reliable biomarker of individual differences in amygdala function. We investigated reactivity of the amygdala and cortical areas to repeated threat presentations in a prospective study of PTSD...
December 23, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109699/associations-among-resilience-posttraumatic-growth-anxiety-and-depression-and-their-prediction-from-stress-in-newly-diagnosed-people-living-with-hiv
#19
Helena Garrido-Hernansaiz, Jesús Alonso-Tapia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105523/a-mindful-self-compassion-videoconference-intervention-for-nationally-recruited-posttreatment-young-adult-cancer-survivors-feasibility-acceptability-and-psychosocial-outcomes
#20
Rebecca A Campo, Karen Bluth, Sheila J Santacroce, Sarah Knapik, Julia Tan, Stuart Gold, Kamaira Philips, Susan Gaylord, Gary N Asher
PURPOSE: Young adult (YA) cancer survivors report substantial distress, social isolation, and body image concerns that can impede successful reintegration into life years after treatment completion. Mindful Self-Compassion (MSC) interventions focus on developing mindfulness and self-compassion for managing distress, hardships, and perceived personal inadequacies. An MSC intervention would be beneficial in supporting YA survivors' management of psychosocial challenges that arise in survivorship; however, a telehealth intervention modality is essential for reaching this geographically dispersed population...
January 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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