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Posttraumatic growth

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918413/post-traumatic-growth-and-its-relationship-to-quality-of-life-up-to-9-years-after-liver-transplantation-a-cross-sectional-study-in-spain
#1
María Ángeles Pérez-San-Gregorio, Agustín Martín-Rodríguez, Mercedes Borda-Mas, María Luisa Avargues-Navarro, José Pérez-Bernal, Rupert Conrad, Miguel Ángel Gómez-Bravo
OBJECTIVE: Little is known concerning post-traumatic growth (PTG) after liver transplantation. Against this backdrop the current study analysed the relationship between PTG and time since transplantation on quality of life. Furthermore, it compared PTG between liver transplant recipients and their caregivers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional case-control study. SETTING: University Hospital in Spain. PARTICIPANTS: 240 adult liver transplant recipients who had undergone only one transplantation, with no severe mental disease, were the participants of the study...
September 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888533/an-overview-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-genetic-studies-by-analyzing-and-integrating-genetic-data-into-genetic-database-ptsdgene
#2
REVIEW
Kunlin Zhang, Susu Qu, Suhua Chang, Gen Li, Chengqi Cao, Kechi Fang, Miranda Olff, Li Wang, Jing Wang
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating psychiatric syndrome with complex etiology. Studies aiming to explore genetic susceptibility and environmental triggers of PTSD have been increasing. However, the results are limited and highly heterogeneous. To understand the genetic study status of PTSD and explore more reliable candidates, we obtained 105 PTSD related genetic studies by comprehensively literature searching and filtering 1762 studies. Detailed phenotype and sample information for each study and association results for each genetic marker were extracted...
September 6, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885864/examining-trauma-and-readiness-to-change-among-women-in-a-community-re-entry-program
#3
Michael Killian, Andrea N Cimino, Natasha S Mendoza, Randy Shively, Kami Kunz
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and co-occurring substance use disorders (SUDs) are common among women who are incarcerated. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between trauma and readiness to change substance use behaviors. METHODS: This study used data from 103 participants enrolled in a residential re-entry program for women with SUDs and trauma history. Women reporting clinically elevated Trauma Symptom Inventory (TSI) subscale scores were compared to those without elevated scores on the University of Rhode Island Change Assessment (URICA) readiness to change instrument...
September 8, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882361/relation-between-parental-psychopathology-and-posttraumatic-growth-after-a-child-s-admission-to-intensive-care-two-faces-of-the-same-coin
#4
Rocío Rodríguez-Rey, Jesús Alonso-Tapia
OBJECTIVES: Confronted with the potentially traumatic experience of a child's admission to a paediatric intensive care unit, parents may experience psychopathological post-trauma symptoms as well as posttraumatic growth. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to explore the relation between psychopathology symptoms, namely, posttraumatic stress disorder), anxiety and depression, as well as post traumatic growth in parents following their child's hospitalisation in a paediatric intensive care unit...
September 4, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882068/self-esteem-and-hope-mediate-the-relations-between-social-support-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-growth-in-adolescents-following-the-ya-an-earthquake
#5
Xiao Zhou, Xinchun Wu, Rui Zhen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Although posttraumatic stress disorders (PTSD) and posttraumatic growth (PTG) can co-exist, and several theories suggest that social support, self-esteem, and hope can predict both PTSD and PTG, no study to date has examined the combined role of social support, self-esteem, and hope in PTSD and PTG. The present study aimed to simultaneously examine the mediating roles of self-esteem and hope in the relations between social support and PTSD, and between social support and PTG...
September 7, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872936/quantitative-and-qualitative-evaluations-of-the-enhanced-logo-autobiography-program-for-korean-american-women
#6
Kyung Mi Sung, Kunsook Bernstein
This study extends Bernstein et al.'s (2016) investigation of the effects of the Enhanced Logo-autobiography Program on Korean-American women's depressive symptoms, coping strategies, purpose in life, and posttraumatic growth by analyzing quantitative and qualitative data. This study's participants significantly improved on quantitative measures of depression, coping strategies, purpose in life, and post-traumatic growth at eight weeks post-intervention and follow-up. The qualitative content analysis revealed 17 themes with five essential themes...
September 5, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846800/trajectories-of-posttraumatic-growth-among-us-military-veterans-a-4-year-nationally-representative-prospective-cohort-study
#7
J Tsai, R H Pietrzak
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the nature and determinants of predominant trajectories of posttraumatic growth (PTG) over time. METHOD: Using data from a prospective, nationally representative survey of 2718 US veterans assessed in 2011, 2013, and 2015, we used latent growth mixture modeling to identify PTG trajectories, and to examine key determinants of PTG trajectories from a comprehensive set of sociodemographic, military, health, and psychosocial variables...
August 28, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835162/the-experience-of-trauma-resulting-from-the-loss-of-a-child-and-posttraumatic-growth-the-mediating-role-of-coping-strategies-loss-of-a-child-ptg-and-coping
#8
Nina Ogińska-Bulik, Magdalena Kobylarczyk
The aim of the study was to determine the mediating role of coping strategies in the relationship between intensity of trauma resulting from the loss of a child and posttraumatic growth (PTG). The study included a group of 76 persons who regarded the loss of a child as a traumatic event. The majority (55.3%) of respondents were women. The age of the participants ranged from 18 to 62 years ( M = 35.88; SD = 9.52). A visual scale to measure intensity of trauma was used, and the Polish versions of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory and Coping Inventory (Brief-Cope)...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816639/posttraumatic-growth-among-childhood-cancer-survivors-associations-with-ethnicity-acculturation-and-religious-service-attendance
#9
Jessica Tobin, Jon-Patrick Allem, Rhona Slaughter, Jennifer B Unger, Ann S Hamilton, Joel E Milam
This study assessed the association between ethnicity, religious service attendance (RSA), and acculturation with posttraumatic growth (PTG) in a diverse sample of 235 childhood cancer survivors (CCS). PTG scores were estimated for each ethnicity, and by level of RSA and acculturation. There was a significant curvilinear relationship (inverted U) between RSA and PTG, such that moderate levels of RSA were associated with highest PTG scores. Hispanics reported the highest PTG, and both Hispanic and Anglo cultural orientation were significantly positively associated with PTG...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816604/posttraumatic-growth-among-family-members-with-missing-persons-from-war-in-kosovo-association-with-social-support-and-community-involvement
#10
Aliriza Arenliu, Fatmire Shala-Kastrati, Vjollca Berisha Avdiu, Moshe Landsman
There is almost no data on the role of social support and in general on posttraumatic growth among people who have missing family member(s) as result of war and who experience ambiguous loss. This study explores relationship between reported posttraumatic growth and perceived social support and social activism in community-based organizations dealing directly with issues of missing persons. Family members who reported higher levels of social support from family, friends, and important others reported significant higher levels of posttraumatic growth...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813325/sleep-in-ptsd-conceptual-model-and-novel-directions-in-brain-based-research-and-interventions
#11
REVIEW
Anne Germain, Ashlee B McKeon, Rebecca L Campbell
Peri-traumatic sleep disturbances are growingly recognized as biologically-relevant and modifiable predisposing, precipitating, and perpetuating factors in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The exponential growth of the literature on sleep in PTSD over the last two decades has stimulated a paradigm shift in the conceptualization of the relationship between sleep and PTSD. A conceptual framework that captures this paradigm shift is offered. New research on existing and promising sleep-focused treatments for augmenting PTSD treatment outcomes is then summarized...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810372/support-and-conflict-in-relationships-and-psychological-health-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer
#12
Joseph S Kay, Vanessa Juth, Roxane Cohen Silver, Leonard S Sender
Perceived support and conflict between adolescents and young adults with cancer and their primary caregivers, other family, close friends, and medical staff were examined in relation to adolescents and young adults' psychological health. Adolescents and young adults ( n = 115, 51% male, ages 12-24 years, M (standard deviation)  = 16.07 (2.29)) in outpatient cancer treatment perceived more support and conflict within familial relationships than other relationships. Among familial relationships, perceived support and conflict were associated with psychological health; within other relationships, only support was associated with psychological health...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806305/dimensions-of-posttraumatic-growth-in-patients-with-cancer-a-mixed-method-study
#13
Mehdi Heidarzadeh, Maryam Rassouli, Jeannine M Brant, Farahnaz Mohammadi-Shahbolaghi, Hamid Alavi-Majd
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic growth (PTG) refers to positive outcomes after exposure to stressful events. Previous studies suggest cross-cultural differences in the nature and amount of PTG. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore different dimensions of PTG in Iranian patients with cancer. METHODS: A mixed method study with convergent parallel design was applied to clarify and determine dimensions of PTG. Using the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI), confirmatory factor analysis was used to quantitatively identify dimensions of PTG in 402 patients with cancer...
August 12, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804469/longitudinal-relationships-between-social-support-and-posttraumatic-growth-among-adolescent-survivors-of-the-wenchuan-earthquake
#14
Xuji Jia, Xia Liu, Liuhua Ying, Chongde Lin
This study aimed to explore the longitudinal relationships between social support and posttraumatic growth (PTG) among adolescent survivors of the Wenchuan earthquake. Follow-up assessments were conducted with 452 participants at 12, 18, and 24 months after the earthquake. The results showed that the level of social support at 12 and 18 months following the earthquake predicted subsequent PTG, but not vice versa. In addition, multi-group analyses of gender showed no gender differences between social support and PTG in the cross-lagged model...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797177/predictors-of-post-traumatic-growth-in-stroke-survivors
#15
Grace Kelly, Reg Morris, Hamsaraj Shetty
PURPOSE: The development of post-traumatic growth was studied longitudinally within 14 months poststroke. The predictions of two models of post-traumatic growth were examined. METHOD: Forty-three stroke survivors were investigated at two time points (i.e., time 1 and time 2), six months apart. Each completed the Post-traumatic Growth Inventory, Rumination Scale, Impact of Events Scale, Multidimensional Scale of Social Support, the Barthel Index and the COPE scale...
August 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792362/posttraumatic-growth-following-the-loss-of-a-pet
#16
Wendy Packman, Cori Bussolari, Rachel Katz, Betty J Carmack, Nigel P Field
The current study examined posttraumatic growth (PTG) experienced by bereaved pet owners following the death of their pet. Using qualitative methodology, we analyzed responses of 308 participants who answered yes to a question about experiencing PTG. Within the five factors model of PTG, the most endorsed included the following: Relating to Others ( n = 76), Appreciation of Life ( n = 52), Personal Strength ( n = 51), Spiritual Change ( n = 32), and New Possibilities ( n = 29). Other themes not captured by the PTG included as follows: relating to animals ( n = 70), continuing bonds ( n = 53), attachment relationship ( n = 44), and unconditional love ( n = 13)...
September 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792361/posttraumatic-growth-and-bereavement-the-contribution-of-self-determination-theory
#17
Andrew B Lumb, Myriam Beaudry, Celine Blanchard
No research drawing from Self-Determination Theory has investigated the bereavement experience of individuals or how motivation can help facilitate posttraumatic growth (PTG) following the death of a loved one. In two cross-sectional studies, university students completed an online survey. Study 1 investigated the contribution of global autonomous and controlled motivation in statistically predicting PTG above and beyond previously researched correlates. Study 2 explored the mediating role of cognitive appraisals and coping in explaining the relationship between global motivation orientations and PTG...
September 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792352/beyond-grief-and-survival-posttraumatic-growth-through-immediate-family-suicide-loss-in-south-korea
#18
Eunjin Lee, Sung Won Kim, Robert D Enright
The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the characteristics of posttraumatic growth arising from losing an immediate family member to suicide in Korea. We used interpretative phenomenological analysis for data collection and analysis and conducted in-depth interviews with 11 participants in Korea to evaluate the positive changes subsequent to the suicide. Participants revealed positive outcomes in response to losing an immediate family member to suicide after suffering the "most unimaginable pain" including (a) "Now I know what the most important thing in life is," (b) "Warm and intimate relationships matter," and...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777972/maternal-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-during-the-perinatal-period-and-child-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Natalie Cook, Susan Ayers, Antje Horsch
BACKGROUND: Approximately 3.3% of women in pregnancy have posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and 4% of women postpartum PTSD. The impact of maternal PTSD during the perinatal period (from conception until one year postpartum) on child outcomes has not been systematically examined. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted to synthesize and critically evaluate quantitative research investigating the association between perinatal PTSD and child outcomes. Databases EMBASE, BNI, Medline, PsycInfo and CINAHL were searched using specific inclusion and exclusion criteria...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763565/resilience-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-in-national-guard-soldiers-deployed-to-iraq-a-prospective-study-of-latent-class-trajectories-and-their-predictors
#20
Melissa A Polusny, Christopher R Erbes, Mark D Kramer, Paul Thuras, Dave DeGarmo, Erin Koffel, Brett Litz, Paul A Arbisi
This study examined the prospective course of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in a cohort of National Guard soldiers (N = 522) deployed to combat operations in Iraq. Participants were assessed 4 times: 1 month before deployment, 2-3 months after returning from deployment, 1 year later, and 2 years postdeployment. Growth mixture modeling revealed 3 distinct trajectories: low-stable symptoms, resilient, 76.4%; new-onset symptoms, 14.2%; and chronic distress, 9.4%. Relative to the resilient class, membership in both the new-onset symptoms and chronic distress trajectory classes was predicted by negative emotionality/neuroticism, odds ratios (ORs) = 1...
August 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
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