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Posttraumatic growth

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432854/quality-of-death-rumination-and-posttraumatic-growth-among-bereaved-family-members-of-cancer-patients-in-home-palliative-care
#1
Kayo Hirooka, Hiroki Fukahori, Kanako Taku, Taisuke Togari, Asao Ogawa
OBJECTIVE: The current study was designed to test the hypothesis that quality of death (QOD) and intrusive and deliberate rumination are associated with posttraumatic growth (PTG) among bereaved family members of cancer patients in home palliative care. METHODS: Data were collected from 805 bereaved family members of cancer patients who died at home in Japan. We used a cross-sectional design and participants completed Good Death Inventory, Event-Related Rumination Inventory and PTG Inventory...
April 22, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430009/evaluating-questionnaires-used-to-assess-self-reported-physical-activity-and-psychosocial-outcomes-among-survivors-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-a-cognitive-interview-study
#2
Amanda Wurz, Jennifer Brunet
Physical activity is increasingly being studied as a way to improve psychosocial outcomes (e.g., quality of life, self-efficacy, physical self-perceptions, self-esteem, body image, posttraumatic growth) among survivors of adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer. Assessing levels of and associations between self-reported physical activity and psychosocial outcomes requires clear, appropriate, and relevant questionnaires. To explore how survivors of AYA cancer interpreted and responded to the following eight published questionnaires: Leisure Time Exercise Questionnaire, Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale, Physical Self-Description Questionnaire, Rosenberg Global Self-Esteem Scale, Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire, Posttraumatic Growth Inventory, Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General (FACT-G), RAND 36-Item Health Survey 1...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427350/evaluation-of-a-modified-version-of-the-posttraumatic-growth-inventory-short-form
#3
Navjot Kaur, Ben Porter, Cynthia A LeardMann, Laura E Tobin, Hector Lemus, David D Luxton
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic growth is the positive change resulting from traumatic experiences and is typically assessed with retrospective measures like the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI). The PTGI was designed to include reference to a specific traumatic event, making it difficult to implement, without change, in prospective survey studies. Thus, a modified Posttraumatic Growth Inventory-Short Form (PTGI-SF) was included in a large prospective study of current and former U.S. military personnel...
April 20, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424888/posttraumatic-growth-and-well-being-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-ayas-with-cancer-a-longitudinal-study
#4
O Husson, B Zebrack, R Block, L Embry, C Aguilar, B Hayes-Lattin, S Cole
PURPOSE: This study examines posttraumatic growth (PTG) among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer, as well as its correlates and trajectories over time. The study also explores the buffering role of PTG on the associations between posttraumatic stress (PTS), health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and psychological distress. METHODS: A multicenter, longitudinal, prospective study was conducted among AYA cancer patients aged 14-39 years. One hundred sixty-nine patients completed a self-report measure of PTG (PTGI) and PTS (PDS) 6, 12, and 24 months after baseline (within the first 4 months of diagnosis)...
April 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421677/mindfulness-and-its-efficacy-for-psychological-and-biological-responses-in-women-with-breast-cancer
#5
Elisabeth Kenne Sarenmalm, Lena B Mårtensson, Bengt A Andersson, Per Karlsson, Ingrid Bergh
Many breast cancer survivors have to deal with a variety of psychological and physiological sequelae including impaired immune responses. The primary purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to determine the efficacy of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) intervention for mood disorders in women with breast cancer. Secondary outcomes were symptom experience, health status, coping capacity, mindfulness, posttraumatic growth, and immune status. This RTC assigned 166 women with breast cancer to one of three groups: MBSR (8 weekly group sessions of MBSR), active controls (self-instructing MBSR) and non-MBSR...
April 18, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415007/religion-spirituality-and-mental-health-of-u-s-military-veterans-results-from-the-national-health-and-resilience-in-veterans-study
#6
Vanshdeep Sharma, Deborah B Marin, Harold K Koenig, Adriana Feder, Brian M Iacoviello, Steven M Southwick, Robert H Pietrzak
BACKGROUND: In the last three decades, there has been increased interest in studying the association between religion/spirituality (R/S), and mental health and functional outcomes. METHODS: Using data from a contemporary, nationally representative sample of 3151 U.S. military veterans maintained by GfK Knowledge Networks, Inc., we evaluated the relation between R/S and a broad range of mental health, and psychosocial variables. Veterans were grouped into three groups based on scores on the Duke University Religion Index: High R/S (weighted 11...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414581/posttraumatic-growth-after-cancer-the-role-of-perceived-threat-and-cognitive-processing
#7
Jennifer Caspari, Trisha L Raque-Bogdan, Cynthia McRae, Teresa Simoneau, Susan Ash-Lee, Kristin Hultgren
This study examines the relation between perceived cognitive and physical threat after a cancer diagnosis and posttraumatic growth (PTG). One hundred sixty-nine breast, prostate and colorectal cancer survivors completed questionnaires. Hierarchical regression models found after controlling for demographic and medical variables, depression, anxiety, and perceived threat account for 41.8% of the variance of positive cognitive processing, and these variables along with positive cognitive processing accounted for 42...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394016/integrative-intensive-retreats-for-veteran-couples-and-families-a-pilot-study-assessing-change-in-relationship-adjustment-posttraumatic-growth-and-trauma-symptoms
#8
J Kale Monk, Lauren M Oseland, Briana S Nelson Goff, Brian G Ogolsky, Kali Summers
We assessed a brief, systemic retreat-style intervention that was developed to address concerns about the utilization of services for veterans coping with traumatic stress. A total of 76 dyads (N = 152) were assessed before and after a 4-day retreat, which included psychoeducation, group and conjoint therapeutic sessions, and recreational relaxation components. Overall, participants reported a reduction in trauma symptoms, but only support persons experienced a significant increase in posttraumatic growth from pretest to posttest...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393544/examining-posttraumatic-growth-among-bereaved-family-members-of-patients-with-cancer-who-received-palliative-care-at-home
#9
Kayo Hirooka, Hiroki Fukahori, Kanako Taku, Taisuke Togari, Asao Ogawa
OBJECTIVE: The present study examines the factor structure of the Japanese version of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI-J) among bereaved family members who lost loved ones to cancer after home-based palliative care in Japan. It evaluates the relationships between total score, each PTGI-J domain, and participants' having a religious belief, gender, age, relationship to the patient, and time since patient death. PROCEDURE: Bereaved family members (n = 849) completed the PTGI-J and a demographic questionnaire...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376669/factors-influencing-posttraumatic-growth-in-mothers-of-children-with-cancer
#10
Mi Young Kim
The psychological adaptation of mothers of children with cancer has a significant impact on the management of the disease. As the mothers' psychological adaptation and positive emotions have an impact on the psychological adaptation of the children, it is important to facilitate the positive growth of the mothers during their adjustment to their children's illness. Therefore, it is necessary to determine the factors that influence posttraumatic growth (PTG) in these mothers. This research aimed to test the variables of PTG based on an existing theoretical model of PTG in mothers of children with cancer...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374663/efficacy-of-meaning-centered-group-psychotherapy-for-cancer-survivors-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
N van der Spek, J Vos, C F van Uden-Kraan, W Breitbart, P Cuijpers, K Holtmaat, B I Witte, R A E M Tollenaar, I M Verdonck-de Leeuw
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of meaning-centered group psychotherapy for cancer survivors (MCGP-CS) to improve personal meaning, compared with supportive group psychotherapy (SGP) and care as usual (CAU). METHOD: A total of 170 cancer survivors were randomly assigned to one of the three study arms: MCGP-CS (n = 57); SGP (n = 56); CAU (n = 57). The primary outcome measure was the Personal Meaning Profile (PMP; total score). Secondary outcome measures were subscales of the PMP, psychological well-being (Scales of Psychological Well-being; SPWB), post-traumatic growth (Posttraumatic Growth Inventory), Mental Adjustment to Cancer (MAC), optimism (Life Orientation Test-Revised), hopelessness (Beck's Hopelessness Scale), psychological distress (anxiety and depression, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; HADS) and quality of life (European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire; EORTC QLQ-C30)...
April 4, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371287/ptsd-and-ptg-among-israeli-mothers-opposite-facets-of-exposure-to-terrorism
#12
Mally Shechory Bitton, Avital Laufer
The aim of the this study was to test the association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), posttraumatic growth (PTG), and coping strategies among Israeli mothers with prolonged exposure to rocket missiles. One hundred fifty-two mothers, from the Western Negev region of Israel, took part in the study. Respondents were affected by prolonged exposure to missile attacks even when they themselves had not been hit or injured. A positive correlation was found between PTSD and PTG. Problem-focused coping was found to mediate the relationship between PTSD and PTG; the higher the PTSD, the greater the use of problem-focused coping and the greater the posttraumatic growth...
April 3, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369552/youth-s-adjustment-to-cancer-examination-of-patterns-of-adjustment-and-the-role-of-peer-relations
#13
Rachel Tillery, Robert Cohen, Kristoffer S Berlin, Alanna Long, Sean Phipps
Examine unique forms of peer relations (i.e., peer group vs. friendships) in relation to patterns of youth's resilience and challenge-related growth in the context of cancer. In all, 279 youth (cancer, n  = 156; control, n  = 123) completed measures of posttraumatic stress, depression, anxiety, posttraumatic growth (PTG), and perceived positive changes. Youth also reported on their peer relations. Latent profile analysis (LPA) was used to examine patterns of youth's adjustment. Peer relations were examined as predictors of youth's adjustment...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368153/reducing-reports-of-illusory-posttraumatic-growth-a-revised-version-of-the-stress-related-growth-scale-srgs-r
#14
Adriel Boals, Keke L Schuler
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated a revised version of the Stress-Related Growth Scale (SRGS-R) against the original version (SRGS) and the most commonly used measure of posttraumatic growth, the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI). The SRGS-R differs from the SRGS in that (a) the wording of each item was modified from implying positive change to neutral wording and (b) the rating scale includes both positive and negative impacts, which we believe makes the SRGS-R less prone to reports of illusory growth...
April 3, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361415/role-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-and-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-2-in-rat-bone-tissue-after-bone-fracture-and-placement-of-titanium-implants-with-bioactive-bioresorbable-coatings
#15
S G Kalinichenko, N Yu Matveeva, R E Kostiv, A V Puz'
The study established enhanced expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the subpopulation of osteoblasts located in the regeneration region of femoral bone fracture near the titanium implants with bioactive calcium phosphate and hydroxyapatite coatings and suppressed activity of transforming growth factor-β2 (TGF-β2) in chondroblasts during the two weeks after surgery. In the delayed posttraumatic period, the distribution of TGF-β2 inversely related to its maximal activity. The data revealed the up-regulating effect of bioresorbable coatings on expression of VEGF and TGF-β2 and their implication in the control over various stages of reparative osteogenesis...
March 30, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357681/what-contributes-to-long-term-quality-of-life-in-breast-cancer-patients-who-are-undergoing-surgery-results-of-a-multidimensional-study
#16
Victoria Wittmann, Melinda Látos, Zoltán Horváth, Zsolt Simonka, Attila Paszt, György Lázár, Márta Csabai
PURPOSE: This study aims to examine the key determinants of long-term quality of life in breast cancer patients who are undergoing surgery using a multidimensional approach and taking into account preoperative and post-operative psychological characteristics such as anxiety, depression, posttraumatic growth, body image, and physical activity as well as medical parameters. METHODS: The study involved 63 breast cancer patients from the Department of Surgery at the University of Szeged...
March 29, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346066/gratitude-psychological-well-being-and-perceptions-of-posttraumatic-growth-in-adults-who-lost-a-parent-in-childhood
#17
Nathan Greene, Katie McGovern
Findings from an online survey of 350 adults who experienced early parental death showed that current dispositional gratitude was positively correlated with psychological well-being and posttraumatic growth and negatively correlated with depression. Further, 281 participants produced textual responses indicating they could remember the time following their parent's death. Increases in gratitude attributable to the experience of losing a parent were reported by 79% of these participants. They associated their increased gratitude with a newfound belief that life is precious and with greater appreciation for loved ones...
February 17, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339563/trauma-informed-social-work-practice
#18
Jill Levenson
Social workers frequently encounter clients with a history of trauma. Trauma-informed care is a way of providing services by which social workers recognize the prevalence of early adversity in the lives of clients, view presenting problems as symptoms of maladaptive coping, and understand how early trauma shapes a client's fundamental beliefs about the world and affects his or her psychosocial functioning across the life span. Trauma-informed social work incorporates core principles of safety, trust, collaboration, choice, and empowerment and delivers services in a manner that avoids inadvertently repeating unhealthy interpersonal dynamics in the helping relationship...
April 1, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333491/standing-on-shaky-ground-dyadic-and-longitudinal-associations-between-posttraumatic-stress-and-relationship-quality-postearthquake
#19
Emma M Marshall, Roeline G Kuijer, Jeffry A Simpson, Ohad Szepsenwol
In the current study, we took a unique dyadic approach to examine how people's relationship quality following an earthquake was associated with their and their partner's posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and whether support exchanges in the relationship protected relationship quality in the face of this adversity. Ninety-nine heterosexual couples were studied over 4 time points for approximately 15 months following the Canterbury, New Zealand, earthquakes. The data were analyzed using moderated growth-curve modeling in an Actor-Partner Interdependence Model framework...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323578/anxiety-and-its-correlates-among-young-adults-with-a-history-of-parental-cancer
#20
Christina A Metcalf, Joanna J Arch, Joseph A Greer
PURPOSE: We assessed whether experiencing parental cancer during childhood was associated with anxiety levels during young adulthood-and whether parental survival status moderated anxiety or related psychosocial outcomes. METHODS: Young adults who experienced parental cancer during their childhood (n = 68) and those who did not (n = 298) completed measures of current anxiety and family functioning. The parental cancer group completed measures of social support and life changes during the parental cancer and posttraumatic growth...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
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