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Posttraumatic growth

Anne Marie Coleman, Zoë Chouliara, Kay Currie
The aim of this article is to explore the positive and negative impacts of working therapeutically in complex psychological trauma (CPT), particularly the field of gender-based violence (GBV) and childhood sexual abuse (CSA), from the clinicians' perspective. The focus was on the prospect of positive gains and growth for therapists. Twenty-one clinicians ( n = 21; counselors/psychotherapists and psychologists) from National Health Service (NHS) specialist trauma services, a community mental health team, and specialist sexual assault counseling organization participated...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Linghua Kong, Mei Fang, Tao Ma, Guopeng Li, Fang Yang, Qian Meng, Ye Li, Ping Li
This study aims to explore the relationship between resilience, social support, positive affect and posttraumatic growth among Chinese women with infertility, and to examine the mediating role of positive affect. A convenience sample of 1733 women diagnosed with infertility was recruited from the infertility outpatient clinics at three reproductive hospitals in Shandong Province of China between May 2015 and April 2016. They completed a background questionnaire, the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory, the Perceived Social Support Questionnaire, the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule...
March 9, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Kylie B Rogalla
All mental health professionals will inevitably serve clients who face the expected death of a loved one. Prominent theories on the grieving process tend to begin after a death or other loss has occurred. Many individuals experience anticipatory grief prior to the physical death. Participants in this study consisted of 120 adults who were anticipating the death of a loved one due to terminal illness. The purpose of this investigation was to assess the relationship between the positive disposition of proactive coping and two forms of growth...
January 1, 2018: Omega
Arundhati Undurti, Elizabeth A Colasurdo, Carl L Sikkema, Jaclyn S Schultz, Elaine R Peskind, Kathleen F Pagulayan, Charles W Wilkinson
The most frequent injury sustained by US service members deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan is mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBI), or concussion, by far most often caused by blast waves from improvised explosive devices or other explosive ordnance. TBI from all causes gives rise to chronic neuroendocrine disorders with an estimated prevalence of 25-50%. The current study expands upon our earlier finding that chronic pituitary gland dysfunction occurs with a similarly high frequency after blast-related concussions...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Jacob S Sawyer, Melanie E Brewster
The present study examines how meaning and belief in God or god(s) is related to bereavement outcomes. Data from 299 participants residing in the U.S. indicated that the variables of search for meaning, presence of meaning, and belief in God or god(s) were significantly related to posttraumatic growth, complicated grief, and psychological distress. Results from this study can be used to identify appropriate clinical strategies for mental health practitioners working with bereaved clients, and will deepen the breadth of literature on bereavement with atheist populations in the U...
March 6, 2018: Death Studies
Ozlem Devrim Balaban, Menekse Sila Yazar, Erkan Aydin, Ruken Agachanli, Huseyin Yumrukcal
Context: The concept of posttraumatic growth (PTG) is important to focus on positive outcomes of a challenging process like caregiving. Aims: The aim of the present study is to investigate the factors inclusively considered to be related to PTG in primary caregivers of schizophrenic patients. Settings and Design: This cross-sectional study was conducted with caregivers of patients with schizophrenia between January 2013 and February 2014 at a mental health hospital...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Saori Nishikawa, Takashi X Fujisawa, Masahiko Kojima, Akemi Tomoda
Previous studies have demonstrated an association between negative life events (NLEs) in childhood and resilience/posttraumatic growth (PTG) with regard to the pathogenesis of major depressive disorder. We hypothesized that the type and timing of NLEs interact to influence mental health in the general youth population. Therefore, the present study aimed to examine the effects of NLE timing and intensity on current depressive symptoms, and to determine the direct and indirect effects of NLEs/resilience on PTG and depression among non-clinical adolescents...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Rahel Hoffmann, Julia Große, Michaela Nagl, Dietger Niederwieser, Anja Mehnert, Anette Kersting
BACKGROUND: Approximately 10% of the individuals experiencing the death of a loved one develop prolonged grief disorder (PGD) after bereavement. Family members of haematological cancer patients might be particularly burdened since their loss experience is preceded by a very strenuous time of disease and aggressive treatment. However, support needs of relatives of cancer patients often remain unmet, also after the death of the patient. Therapeutic possibilities are enhanced by providing easily available and accessible Internet-based therapies...
February 27, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Bingli Du, Xiaozhi Ma, Xiancai Ou, Ye Jin, Pengwei Ren, Jing Li
In 2008, an 8.0 Richter scale earthquake devastated Wenchuan in China, which resulted in heavy casualties, and had wide-reaching psychological effects on survivors. To examine its impact on the survivors, this study aims to investigate the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and posttraumatic growth (PTG) in adolescents eight years after the earthquake. The cross-section survey was conducted in two different earthquake-affected areas, and data were collected from 4118 respondents. Instruments included the questionnaire on demographic information, the questionnaire on seismic exposure, PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C) questionnaire, Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI), Perceived Social Support Scale (PSSS) and Simple Coping Style Questionnaire (SCSQ)...
February 5, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Linda Sharp, Devon Redfearn, Aileen Timmons, Myles Balfe, Joanne Patterson
OBJECTIVES: Posttraumatic growth (PTG) is a possible positive consequence of a traumatic event, such as cancer. Head and neck cancer (HNC) may be particularly traumatic, given its adverse effects on functional, psychological and social wellbeing. We investigated: extent of PTG; factors associated with PTG; and associations between PTG and health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) in HNC survivors. METHODS: HNC survivors (ICD10 C00-C14, C32), identified from the population-based National Cancer Registry Ireland, completed a postal survey...
February 23, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Nina Ogińska-Bulik, Magdalena Zadworna-Cieślak
BACKGROUND: Working in the emergency services entails exposure to traumatic events; however, their effects can be both negative and positive. Among the factors determining posttraumatic growth (PTG) after an experienced trauma are the personal resources and coping strategies. The purpose of the research was to investigate the role of resiliency and coping strategies with stress in posttraumatic growth in a group of medical rescue workers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of 80 male medical rescuers who have experienced traumatic event in their worksite were analyzed...
February 13, 2018: International Emergency Nursing
Xiao Zhou, Xinchun Wu, Rui Zhen
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and posttraumatic growth (PTG) often coexist in the survivors of traumatic events. The current study examined the coexisting patterns of PTSD and PTG using latent profile analysis in a sample of 591 adolescent survivors of the May 12, 2008 Wenchuan earthquake in China. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the effects of traumatic exposure on specific coexisting patterns. A three-class solution characterized by a growth group (39.6%), a low symptoms group (10...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
Ye Liu, Yuli Li, Lijun Chen, Yurong Li, Weiye Qi, Li Yu
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationships between family resilience and posttraumatic growth (PTG) of breast cancer survivors and caregiver burden among principal caregivers in China. METHODS: Participants in this cross-sectional study comprised 108 women aged 26-74 years (M = 49, SD = 9) with early-stage breast cancer and 108 principal caregivers. Participants were recruited from a comprehensive cancer center of a public hospital in Shandong Province, China. The principal caregivers completed the Shortened Chinese Version of the Family Resilience Assessment Scale (FRAS-C) and the Chinese Version of the Zarit Caregiver Burden Interview (CZBI); patients completed the Short Form of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI-SF) and questions designed to obtain sociodemographic information...
February 13, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Yanbo Wang, Haixia Xie, Xudong Zhao
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. OBJECTIVES: To explore the prevalences of three psychological morbidities (posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and depression) and two positive psychological outcomes (resilience and posttraumatic growth) in people with spinal cord injury (SCI). To examine the relationships between the five aforementioned variables and to determine the predictors of the three psychological morbidities. SETTING: Shanghai Sunshine Rehabilitation Center, Mainland China...
February 9, 2018: Spinal Cord
Eugenia Buta, Robin Masheb, Ralitza Gueorguieva, Harini Bathulapalli, Cynthia A Brandt, Joseph L Goulet
BACKGROUND: Veterans are disproportionately affected by overweight/obesity and growing evidence suggests that post-deployment is a critical period of accelerated weight gain. OBJECTIVE: We explored the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis, gender, and post-deployment weight trajectories among U.S. Operations Iraqi Freedom, Enduring Freedom, and New Dawn veterans. DESIGN: We used Veterans Affairs electronic health record data from 248,089 veterans (87% men) who, after their last deployment, had at least one medical visit between October 2001 and January 2009 and more than one BMI recorded through September 2010...
January 30, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Manuel Cárdenas, Jaime Barrientos, Ilan Meyer, Fabiola Gómez, Mónica Guzmán, Joaquín Bahamondes
This study examined the direct and indirect effects of perceived stigma on posttraumatic growth (PTG) in a sample of gay men and lesbian women in Chile, with coping strategies (positive reappraisal, social support seeking, and active coping strategies) as intermediate variables. Data from 467 gay men (57.4%) and lesbian women (42.6%) were analyzed. A respondent-driven sampling (RDS) method was used. The hierarchical regression analysis indicated the important predictive role of active coping, β = .23, and positive reappraisal, β = ...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
Feng Gu, Isabel Parada, Tao Yang, Frank M Longo, David A Prince
Post-traumatic epilepsy is one of the most common and difficult to treat forms of acquired epilepsy worldwide. Currently, there is no effective way to prevent post-traumatic epileptogenesis. It is known that abnormalities of interneurons, particularly parvalbumin-containing interneurons, play a critical role in epileptogenesis following traumatic brain injury. Thus, enhancing the function of existing parvalbumin interneurons might provide a logical therapeutic approach to prevention of post-traumatic epilepsy...
February 2, 2018: Neurobiology of Disease
Yuki Shigemoto, Christine Robitschek
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the inconsistent relationship found between personal growth initiative (PGI) and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) by exploring potential subgroups. In addition, after identifying the subgroups, potential predictors of these subgroups were examined. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 534 undergraduate students who experienced a potentially traumatic event (PTE). Data collection occurred from March 2013 - December 2014. METHODS: Because this was a preliminary study, archival data was used...
February 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Fei-Fei Huang, Qing Yang, Juan Zhang, Xuan Ye Han, Jing-Ping Zhang, Man Ye
The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a self-efficacy enhancing intervention designed for pulmonary rehabilitation based on motivational interviewing (MI) for postsurgical non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. This study was a 2-arm pilot randomized controlled trial and was conducted in two cardiothoracic surgery departments, a tertiary hospital in Fuzhou, China. 28 postsurgical NSCLC patients were randomized to a 3 month (6 session) self-efficacy enhancing intervention based on MI or usual care (UC)...
January 31, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Gentian Toshkezi, Michele Kyle, Sharon L Longo, Lawrence S Chin, Li-Ru Zhao
OBJECTIVE Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of long-term disability and death in young adults. The lack of pharmaceutical therapy for post-acute TBI recovery remains a crucial medical challenge. Stem cell factor (SCF) and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), which are 2 key hematopoietic growth factors, have shown neuroprotective and neurorestorative effects in experimental stroke. The objective of this study was to determine the therapeutic efficacy of combined treatment (SCF + G-CSF) in subacute TBI...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
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