keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Posttraumatic growth

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922720/function-of-personal-growth-initiative-on-posttraumatic-growth-posttraumatic-stress-and-depression-over-and-above-adaptive-and-maladaptive-rumination
#1
Yuki Shigemoto, Blakely Low, Dominika Borowa, Christine Robitschek
OBJECTIVES: The current study examined whether various types of rumination are distinguishable and the effects of personal growth initiative (PGI) on posttraumatic growth, posttraumatic stress, and depression through adaptive and maladaptive rumination. METHOD: Sample included 292 college students who experienced a potentially traumatic event (PTE). RESULTS: Intrusive and deliberative rumination were found to be distinct factors. However, brooding and reflection, thought to be separate aspects of depression, were a single factor...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921001/the-relation-between-marital-adjustment-and-posttraumatic-growth-in-infertile-couples-the-mediatory-role-of-religious-coping-strategies
#2
Seyyedeh Fatemeh Ghafouri, Saeed Ghanbari, Hajar Fallahzadeh, Omid Shokri
BACKGROUND: Infertility as a crisis can both lead to negative reactions and stress in infertile couples and bring about positive reactions and growth, to which henceforth posttraumatic growth is referred. This study was conducted to model the relation between martial adjustment and posttraumatic growth through the mediation of religious coping strategies in infertile couples. METHODS: This correlation-based study was performed on 250 couples at the infertility center of Shariati hospital, Tehran, Iran, selected via convenience sampling...
October 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900935/rumination-in-posttraumatic-stress-and-growth-after-a-natural-disaster-a-model-from-northern-chile-2014-earthquakes
#3
Francisco Leal-Soto, Marcos Carmona-Halty, Rodrigo Ferrer-Urbina
BACKGROUND: Traumatic experiences, such as natural disasters, produce multiple and serious impacts on people. Despite the traditional focus on negative consequences, in many cases there are also positive consequences, such as posttraumatic growth. Tedeschi and Calhoun proposed a model of posttraumatic growth that emphasizes the role of rumination after the basic beliefs breakdown due to the occurrence of a traumatic experience. METHOD: A total of 238 volunteers affected by two major earthquakes and tsunami alerts in northern Chile on April 1 and 2, 2014, responded to an online survey measuring subjective severity, basic beliefs change, social share of emotion, rumination, posttraumatic stress, and posttraumatic growth...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898076/growth-hormone-biases-amygdala-network-activation-after-fear-learning
#4
B Gisabella, S Farah, X Peng, A Burgos-Robles, S H Lim, K A Goosens
Prolonged stress exposure is a risk factor for developing posttraumatic stress disorder, a disorder characterized by the 'over-encoding' of a traumatic experience. A potential mechanism by which this occurs is through upregulation of growth hormone (GH) in the amygdala. Here we test the hypotheses that GH promotes the over-encoding of fearful memories by increasing the number of neurons activated during memory encoding and biasing the allocation of neuronal activation, one aspect of the process by which neurons compete to encode memories, to favor neurons that have stronger inputs...
November 29, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893756/posttraumatic-stress-among-not-exposed-traumatically-bereaved-relatives-after-the-ms-estonia-disaster
#5
Josefin Sveen, Lilian Pohlkamp, Joakim Öhlén, Jonas Sandberg, Kristina Brandänge, Petter Gustavsson
BACKGROUND: Little is known about posttraumatic stress (PTS) reactions in bereaved individuals following loss in disaster who were not directly exposed to disaster. The aim of the present study was to examine the course of PTS up to three years after losing relatives in the MS Estonia ferry disaster, one of the worst maritime disasters in modern times. METHODS: Seven postal surveys were sent out over three years post-disaster. The respondents were invited and added consecutively during the three years and 938 relatives participated in one or more of the surveys, representing 89% of the MS Estonia's Swedish victims...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880002/predictors-and-outcomes-of-growth-mixture-modeled-trajectories-across-an-exposure-based-ptsd-intervention-with-veterans
#6
Nicholas P Allan, Daniel F Gros, Ursula S Myers, Kristina J Korte, Ron Acierno
OBJECTIVES: Exposure-based psychotherapies for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are effective for many, but not all patients. It is important to determine for whom these treatments work and to examine predictors of success. METHOD: An 8-week modified prolonged exposure (PE) treatment, including components of behavioral activation and reducing the number of imaginal exposure sessions, was administered to a sample of 231 Veterans (mean age = 45.7 years, standard deviation = 14...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875386/correlation-between-posttraumatic-growth-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-based-on-pearson-correlation-coefficient-a-meta-analysis
#7
An-Nuo Liu, Lu-Lu Wang, Hui-Ping Li, Juan Gong, Xiao-Hong Liu
The literature on posttraumatic growth (PTG) is burgeoning, with the inconsistencies in the literature of the relationship between PTG and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms becoming a focal point of attention. Thus, this meta-analysis aims to explore the relationship between PTG and PTSD symptoms through the Pearson correlation coefficient. A systematic search of the literature from January 1996 to November 2015 was completed. We retrieved reports on 63 studies that involved 26,951 patients. The weighted correlation coefficient revealed an effect size of 0...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874320/a-consensual-qualitative-research-analysis-of-the-experience-of-inmate-hospice-caregivers-posttraumatic-growth-while-incarcerated
#8
Rachel M Depner, Pei C Grant, David J Byrwa, Jennifer M Breier, Jennifer Lodi-Smith, Christopher W Kerr, Debra L Luczkiewicz
A growing number of correctional facilities train inmates to provide end-of-life care for dying inmates. This study explores the phenomenological perspective of inmate-caregivers participating in an inmate-facilitated hospice program (IFHP) with regard to meaning and purpose in life, attitudes on death and dying, and perceived personal impact of participation. Twenty-two inmate-caregivers were interviewed at a maximum-security state correctional facility in the United States. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using the Consensual Qualitative Research Methodology...
November 22, 2016: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870076/disaster-mental-health-and-positive-psychology-an-afterward-to-the-special-issue
#9
Steven M Southwick, Ritvij Satodiya, Robert H Pietrzak
The articles in this Special Issue are devoted to integrating the fields of disaster mental health and positive psychology. Their focus on resilience building, individual and community preparation, meaning making, and posttraumatic growth represents an important new development in disaster mental health. The overarching goal of this effort is to inform strategies to help both individuals-including children, adolescent, adult disaster survivors, and relief workers-and communities prepare for, respond to, recover from, and possibly even grow stronger in the face of adversity...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867878/prevalence-of-hypothalamo-pituitary-dysfunction-in-patients-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
K V S Hari Kumar, M N Swamy, M A Khan
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is common in young soldiers of armed forces leading to significant morbidity and mortality. We studied the prevalence of hypopituitarism following TBI and its association with trauma severity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a 12-month prospective study of 56 TBI patients for the presence of hormonal dysfunction. Hormonal parameters were estimated during the early phase (0-10 days posttraumatically) and after 6 and 12 months...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862674/factors-associated-with-posttraumatic-growth-among-parents-of-children-with-cancer
#11
Nao Nakayama, Naoko Mori, Sae Ishimaru, Wataru Ohyama, Yuki Yuza, Takashi Kaneko, Eiichiro Kanda, Eisuke Matsushima
BACKGROUND: Parents of children with cancer are susceptible to psychological distress; however, many parents also report posttraumatic growth (PTG). The objective of this study was to explore the variables associated with PTG in parents of children with cancer who were either on treatment or off treatment. METHODS: One hundred and nineteen parents (71 mothers and 48 fathers) of children with cancer completed self-report questionnaires, including the PTG Inventory, Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Impact of Event Scale-Revised...
November 8, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859680/psychosocial-group-intervention-among-war-affected-children-an-analysis-of-changes-in-posttraumatic-cognitions
#12
Samuli Kangaslampi, Raija-Leena Punamäki, Samir Qouta, Marwan Diab, Kirsi Peltonen
Cognitive theories point to reduction in dysfunctional posttraumatic cognitions (PTCs) as one mechanism involved in recovery from posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), yet research findings have shown individual differences in the recovery process. We tested the cognitive mediation hypothesis above in a previously published psychosocial group intervention among war-affected children. We also examined heterogeneity in children's PTCs during the intervention. We used a cluster randomized trial of Smith et al...
December 2016: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850461/823-posttraumatic-growth-in-family-members-of-traumatically-injured-and-critically-ill-patients
#13
Kenleigh Roden-Foreman, Monica Bennett, Laura Petrey, Ann Marie Warren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845522/trajectories-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-after-civilian-or-deployment-traumatic-event-experiences
#14
David S Fink, Sarah Lowe, Gregory H Cohen, Laura A Sampson, Robert J Ursano, Robert K Gifford, Carol S Fullerton, Sandro Galea
OBJECTIVE: Growth mixture model studies have observed substantial differences in the longitudinal patterns of posttraumatic stress symptom (PTSS) trajectories. This variability could represent chance iterations of some prototypical trajectories or measurable variability induced by some aspect of the source population or traumatic event experience. Testing the latter, the authors analyzed a nationally representative sample of U.S. Reserve and National Guard members to identify the influence of civilian versus deployment trauma on the number of PTSS trajectories, the nature of these trajectories, and the proportion of respondents in each trajectory...
June 16, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821366/growth-mixture-modeling-of-post-combat-aggression-application-to-soldiers-deployed-to-iraq
#15
Oscar A Cabrera, Amy B Adler, Paul D Bliese
Prior research has found substantial heterogeneity in the course of key post-deployment outcomes, such as PTSD. The current paper employs growth mixture modeling to identify differential trajectories of change in the course of post-combat aggression. A Brigade Combat Team completed surveys within 72h of return from an Iraq deployment, 4 months later, and at 12 months after return. Based on model fit indices, analyses yielded four latent aggression trajectories: "low-stable", "delayed", "recovery", and "chronic"...
October 18, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819804/the-effects-of-mind-subtraction-meditation-on-breast-cancer-survivors-psychological-and-spiritual-well-being-and-sleep-quality-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-south-korea
#16
Mi Ra Yun, Misoon Song, Kyung-Hae Jung, Boas J Yu, Kyung Jae Lee
BACKGROUND: Most breast cancer survivors experience psychological and spiritual distress, including depression, anxiety, perceived stress, and loss of meaningfulness in life. This distress can negatively impact physical health, quality of life, and quality of sleep. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare and examine the effectiveness of mind subtraction meditation (MSM) and a self-management education (SME) group on breast cancer survivors. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted with South Korean female breast cancer survivors (stages I-III)...
November 4, 2016: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819702/-personal-resources-and-negative-and-positive-effects-of-traumatic-events-in-a-group-of-medical-rescuers
#17
Nina Ogińska-Bulik
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the research was to investigate the role of personal resources, such as optimism and sense of selfefficacy in both negative (posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms) and positive (posttraumatic growth - PTG) effects of experienced trauma in a group of emergency service representatives. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data of 100 medical rescue workers, mostly men (59%) who have experienced traumatic events in their worksite were analyzed. The age of the participants ranged from 24 to 60 years (mean = 37...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809377/differences-in-posttraumatic-growth-and-grief-reactions-among-adolescents-by-relationship-with-the-deceased
#18
Kayo Hirooka, Hiroki Fukahori, Miwa Ozawa, Yumi Akita
AIM: To examine three hypotheses: (1) adolescents who had experienced the death of a parent would report higher grief reactions than those who had lost a grandparent; (2) adolescents who experienced the death of a parent would report higher posttraumatic growth than those who had lost a grandparent; and (3) posttraumatic growth and grief reactions are positively associated. BACKGROUND: To date, no study has investigated adolescents' posttraumatic growth by their relationship with the deceased...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788466/a-psychometric-evaluation-of-hierarchical-and-oblique-versions-of-five-variants-of-the-posttraumatic-growth-inventory
#19
Samantha C Horswill, Gabrielle Desgagné, Holly A Parkerson, R Nicholas Carleton, Gordon J G Asmundson
The Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI; Tedeschi and Calhoun, 1996) is the most commonly used measure of posttraumatic growth. Although the original five factor structure has extensive psychometric support, evidence exists for alternate PTGI models. The current study assessed the validity of oblique and hierarchical factor structures of five PTGI models. Confirmatory factor analyses were performed among a heterogeneous community sample with a diverse trauma history. The oblique models provided a better fit to the data compared with their respective hierarchical models...
October 17, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779827/a-mixed-methods-study-of-vicarious-posttraumatic-growth-in-certified-nurse-midwives
#20
Cheryl Tatano Beck, Jamie Rivera, Robert K Gable
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this mixed-methods study was to investigate vicarious posttraumatic growth in certified nurse-midwives (CNMs) who have struggled after attending traumatic births. Vicarious posttraumatic growth involves positive changes in a clinician's life due to caring for patients who are traumatized. METHODS: A convergent parallel mixed-methods design was used. The American College of Nurse-Midwives (ACNM) sent out e-mails to all CNM members with a link to the electronic survey...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
keyword
keyword
59788
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"