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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328956/predicting-post-breakup-distress-and-growth-in-emerging-adulthood-the-roles-of-relationship-satisfaction-and-emotion-regulation
#1
Jerika C Norona, Miri Scharf, Deborah P Welsh, Shmuel Shulman
With a sample of emerging adults (N = 110; 72% female) this brief report utilized self-report measures to examine the role of relationship satisfaction and emotion regulation strategies assessed at age 20 in predicting breakup distress and posttraumatic growth three years later. Results showed that higher relationship satisfaction is associated with less future breakup distress. Emotion regulation explained the ways individuals cope with distress; cognitive appraisal (in contrast to emotional suppression) predicted higher growth after experiencing a breakup...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324055/bayesian-ptsd-trajectory-analysis-with-informed-priors-based-on-a-systematic-literature-search-and-expert-elicitation
#2
Rens van de Schoot, Marit Sijbrandij, Sarah Depaoli, Sonja D Winter, Miranda Olff, Nancy E van Loey
There is a recent increase in interest of Bayesian analysis. However, little effort has been made thus far to directly incorporate background knowledge via the prior distribution into the analyses. This process might be especially useful in the context of latent growth mixture modeling when one or more of the latent groups are expected to be relatively small due to what we refer to as limited data. We argue that the use of Bayesian statistics has great advantages in limited data situations, but only if background knowledge can be incorporated into the analysis via prior distributions...
January 11, 2018: Multivariate Behavioral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302261/how-to-approach-feeding-difficulties-in-young-children
#3
REVIEW
Hye Ran Yang
Feeding is an interaction between a child and caregiver, and feeding difficulty is an umbrella term encompassing all feeding problems, regardless of etiology, severity, or consequences, while feeding disorder refers to an inability or refusal to eat sufficient quantities or variety of food to maintain adequate nutritional status, leading to substantial consequences, including malnutrition, impaired growth, and possible neurocognitive dysfunction. There are 6 representative feeding disorder subtypes in young children: infantile anorexia, sensory food aversion, reciprocity, posttraumatic type, state regulation, and feeding disorders associated with concurrent medical conditions...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300097/parameter-uncertainty-in-structural-equation-models-confidence-sets-and-fungible-estimates
#4
Jolynn Pek, Hao Wu
Current concerns regarding the dependability of psychological findings call for methodological developments to provide additional evidence in support of scientific conclusions. This article highlights the value and importance of two distinct kinds of parameter uncertainty, which are quantified by confidence sets (CSs) and fungible parameter estimates (FPEs; Lee, MacCallum, & Browne, 2017); both provide essential information regarding the defensibility of scientific findings. Using the structural equation model, we introduce a general perturbation framework based on the likelihood function that unifies CSs and FPEs and sheds new light on the conceptual distinctions between them...
January 4, 2018: Psychological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294985/predictors-of-ptsd-treatment-response-trajectories-in-a-sample-of-childhood-sexual-abuse-survivors-the-roles-of-social-support-coping-and-ptsd-symptom-clusters
#5
Shelley Fletcher, Ask Elklit, Mark Shevlin, Cherie Armour
This study aimed to (a) identify posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) trajectories in a sample of Danish treatment-seeking childhood sexual abuse (CSA) survivors and (b) examine the roles of social support, coping style, and individual PTSD symptom clusters (avoidance, reexperiencing, and hyperarousal) as predictors of the identified trajectories. We utilized a convenience sample of 439 CSA survivors attending personalized psychotherapy treatment in Denmark. Four assessments were conducted on a six monthly basis over a period of 18 months...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294964/rape-crisis-counseling-trauma-contagion-and-supervision
#6
Niveen Rizkalla, Maya Zeevi-Barkay, Steven P Segal
This study of rape crisis counselors considers whether increased exposure to victims' trauma is associated with increased supervision-believed necessary to combat trauma contagion-and whether such supervision will reduce the negative impact of such exposure. One hundred six women counselors in seven of nine rape crisis centers in Israel completed anonymous questionnaires documenting their work and trauma exposure. Trauma exposure was defined by counselors' number of victim-contact hours per week and their assessment of the trauma severity they experienced...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294936/the-effect-of-the-moscow-theatre-siege-on-expectations-of-well-being-in-the-future
#7
Margarita Vorsina, Matthew Manning, Christopher M Fleming, Christine Smith
We employ the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey-Higher School of Economics (RLMS-HSE), a survey of 6,000 individuals, and a difference-in-differences estimation strategy to examine the effect of the 2002 Moscow theatre siege on the level of self-reported expectations of life in the future of the Russian population. The longitudinal nature of the data allows us to explore both the short- and long-term effects of terrorism on this population as well as contribute to the limited number of quasi-experimental studies in this area...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294896/the-relationship-between-posttraumatic-growth-and-psychosocial-variables-in-survivors-of-state-terrorism-and-their-relatives
#8
Manuel Cárdenas-Castro, Ximena Faúndez-Abarca, Héctor Arancibia-Martini, Cristián Ceruti-Mahn
The present study explores reports of growth in survivors and family members of victims of state terrorism ( N = 254) in Chile from 1973 to 1990. The results indicate the presence of reports of posttraumatic growth ( M = 4.69) and a positive and statistically significant correlation with variables related to the life impact of the stressful events ( r = .46), social sharing of emotions ( r = .32), deliberate rumination ( r = .37), positive reappraisal ( r = .35), reconciliation ( r = .39), spiritual practices ( r = ...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294814/considering-the-impact-of-early-trauma-on-coping-and-pathology-to-predict-posttraumatic-growth-among-9-1-1-telecommunicators
#9
Melissa J London, Mary C Mercer, Michelle M Lilly
Recent research has demonstrated that first responders may report posttraumatic growth (PTG), positive psychological changes that arise in the aftermath of a trauma. Less is known regarding the perception of PTG among 9-1-1 telecommunicators, a group of first responders exposed to a high degree of lifetime trauma, including duty-related trauma as well as early and non-duty-related trauma. Moreover, the impact of childhood trauma on the processes involved in the perception of growth is less clear. While some distress is needed to facilitate processes that lead to the perception of PTG, it has been suggested that positive associations between PTG and pathology reflect avoidant coping or represent an illusory component of PTG...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282156/examining-cancer-survivorship-trajectories-exploring-the-intersection-between-qualitative-illness-narratives-and-quantitative-screening-instruments
#10
Chelsea Ratcliff, Aanand D Naik, Lindsey Ann Martin, Jennifer Moye
OBJECTIVE: This article examines the associations of quantitatively refined trajectories of adjustment to cancer survivorship determined by previously published qualitative narrative analysis. METHOD: Patients completed measures of cancer-related worry (Cancer Related Worries Scale), depression (Patient Health Questionnaire-9), posttraumatic growth (Benefit Finding Scale), and open-ended survey questions 6, 12, and 18 months postdiagnosis of head and neck, esophageal, gastric, or colorectal cancer...
December 28, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250994/posttraumatic-growth-and-parental-bonding-in-young-adults-of-parents-with-physical-disabilites-testing-mediation-model-of-resilience
#11
Yuli Li, Aihong Xing, Xiaoyun Chen, Fenglan Lou, Fenglin Cao
Positive parent-child relationships are associated with positive youth development, but little is known about the relationships between parental bonding, resilience, and posttraumatic growth, which is positive change resulting from the struggle with trauma. This study examined a mediation model among 119 female young adults with disabled parents. The model included resilience as a mediator of the relationship between the paternal Care and posttraumatic growth. The results revealed that resilience did mediate the relationship between the paternal Care and posttraumatic growth...
December 18, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248901/can-living-in-the-shadow-of-terror-leave-no-marks-long-term-effects-of-traumatic-environments-of-varying-intensity
#12
Yarden Mendelson, Eytan Bachar, Aaron Cherniak, Rena Cooper-Kazaz
INTRODUCTION: This study investigated the long-term effects of different traumatic environments on adolescents. Environments were characterized by different threats that varied in predictability, duration, and the extent to which the threat can be defended against. The research examined: 1) Jerusalem during the Second Intifada (2001-2004), 2) Israel's northern cities during the Second Lebanon War (2006), and 3) cities that suffered neither the suicide bombings (that occurred in Jerusalem) nor the rocket bombardments (that occurred in the north)...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244905/posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-posttraumatic-growth-in-children-and-adolescents-following-an-earthquake-a-latent-transition-analysis
#13
Jieling Chen, Xinchun Wu
This study examined the transitions in classes of posttraumatic stress symptoms and posttraumatic growth in a sample of children and adolescents (N = 757), between 8 and 20 months after the 2013 Ya'an earthquake in China. Using latent profile analysis, three classes of symptoms (resilient, thriving, and struggling) were identified at 8 and 20 months after the earthquake. Latent transition analysis indicated that the majority of survivors remained in the same class during the period, while others showed a transition between different classes over time...
December 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231044/a-systematic-review-of-exercise-and-psychosocial-rehabilitation-interventions-to-improve-health-related-outcomes-in-patients-with-bladder-cancer-undergoing-radical-cystectomy
#14
Elke Rammant, Karel Decaestecker, Renée Bultijnck, Nora Sundahl, Piet Ost, Nele S Pauwels, Benedicte Deforche, Ronny Pieters, Valérie Fonteyne
OBJECTIVE: Summarizing the evidence on the effects of pre- and postoperative exercise and psychosocial rehabilitation interventions on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and physical fitness in bladder cancer patients undergoing radical cystectomy. DATA SOURCES: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science and the Physiotherapy Evidence Database were searched independently by two authors from inception until 10 November 2017...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193058/posttraumatic-growth-in-a-heterogeneous-sample-of-traumatically-injured-patients-1-year-postinjury
#15
Kenleigh Roden-Foreman, Richard Robinson, Monica Bennett, Kimberly Roaten, Laura Petrey, Mark B Powers, Ann Marie Warren
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic growth (PTG) describes positive change resulting from challenging life events. The current study examined factors associated with PTG in traumatically injured patients 1 year postinjury. METHOD: Participants (N = 221) in this prospective cohort study included adults admitted to a Level I trauma center. Over half the participants (60%) were male, with a mean age of 47. Participants completed baseline measures during hospitalization. PTG was assessed at 12-month follow-up...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192184/affective-emotion-increases-heart-rate-variability-and-activates-left-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex-in-post-traumatic-growth
#16
Chuguang Wei, Jin Han, Yuqing Zhang, Walter Hannak, Yanyan Dai, Zhengkui Liu
The present study evaluated the activities of heart rate variability (HRV) and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) in response to the presentation of affective pictures correlated with posttraumatic growth (PTG) among adults exposed to the Tianjin explosion incident. The participants who were directly involved in the Tianjin explosions were divided into control, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and PTG group according to the scores of PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version and PTG Inventory survey. All participants received exposure to affective images...
November 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191529/health-related-quality-of-life-and-posttraumatic-growth-in-low-grade-gliomas-in-china-a-prospective-study
#17
Xiaoyu Wang, Junyi Li, Jing Chen, Shuangmin Fan, Wei Chen, Fujun Liu, Da Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 27, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175375/posttraumatic-growth-among-people-with-serious-mental-illness-psychosis-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms
#18
Yael Mazor, Marc Gelkopf, David Roe
Recent research has shown high rates of exposure to trauma among people with serious mental illness (SMI). In addition, studies suggest that psychosis and mental illness-related experiences can be extremely traumatic. While some individuals develop posttraumatic symptomatology related to these experiences, some appear to experience posttraumatic growth (PTG). Little is known, however, about PTG as a possible outcome among people who experienced psychosis as well as posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). For further understanding of the relationship between PTSS and PTG among people with SMI who experienced psychosis, 121 participants were recruited from community mental health rehabilitation centers and administered trauma and psychiatric questionnaires...
October 28, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154596/the-moderating-role-of-trauma-type-on-the-relationship-between-event-centrality-of-the-traumatic-experience-and-mental-health-outcomes
#19
Rachel Wamser-Nanney, Kathryn H Howell, Laura E Schwartz, Amanda J Hasselle
OBJECTIVE: Event centrality, or the extent to which traumatic events are perceived to be integral to one's life, has been found to be predictive of trauma-related symptoms, such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. Less research has been devoted to whether event centrality is related to adaptive outcomes, such as posttraumatic growth (PTG) and resiliency, and psychological well-being (PWB) has not been investigated. Given the unique circumstances of different types of traumas, the relationship between event centrality and posttrauma functioning may differ by the type of trauma experienced...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154591/the-impact-of-comorbid-diagnoses-on-the-course-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-in-residents-of-battered-women-s-shelters
#20
Katherine M Fedele, Nicole L Johnson, Jennifer C Caldwell, Yuliya Shteynberg, Sarah E Sanders, Samantha C Holmes, Dawn M Johnson
OBJECTIVE: The current investigation sought to explore the impact of the comorbidities of substance use disorder (SUD), major depressive disorder (MDD), and borderline personality disorder (BPD) on the trajectory of intimate partner violence (IPV)-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms across a 6-month follow-up period in IPV survivors who seek shelter. Research has found significant comorbidity of SUD, MDD, and BPD with PTSD (see Green et al., 2006; Kessler, Sonnega, Bromet, Hughes, & Nelson, 1995; Pagura et al...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
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