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Posttraumatic growth

Ann Marie Roepke, Eli Tsukayama, Marie Forgeard, Laura Blackie, Eranda Jayawickreme
OBJECTIVE: People often report positive psychological changes after adversity, a phenomenon known as posttraumatic growth (PTG). Few PTG-focused interventions have been rigorously tested, and measurement strategies have had significant limitations. This study evaluated the effects of a new group-format psychosocial intervention, SecondStory, aimed at facilitating PTG by helping participants make meaning of the past and plan a purposeful future. METHOD: In a randomized controlled trial, adults (N = 112, 64% women) bereaved within 5 years were randomly assigned to SecondStory or an active control, expressive writing...
June 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Gordon J G Asmundson, Aleiia J N Asmundson
The relative health of a field of research can be approximated by assessing peer-reviewed journal publication trends for articles pertinent to that field. The most recent comprehensive assessment of publication trends in the anxiety disorders indicated that the field was on a continuing trajectory of growth (Boschen, 2008). We conducted an updated search of Medline for publications on each of the anxiety disorders from 2006 to 2016. Results indicated that there was continuing growth in anxiety disorders research overall and, particularly, for posttraumatic stress disorder, social anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and obsessive compulsive disorder...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Erin Martz, Hanoch Livneh, Steven M Southwick, Robert H Pietrzak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Melissa Bernstein, Betty Pfefferbaum
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review examines factors thought to be associated with posttraumatic growth (PTG) (demographic variables, exposure, and family and social processes) among youth exposed to natural disasters, describes the relationship between PTG and posttraumatic stress, and discusses psychological processes (rumination and coping) linked to PTG. RECENT FINDINGS: Guided by PTG theory and the literature on PTG in adults, research has revealed relationships between PTG and child, environmental, and family and social factors among youth though the results are mixed...
May 16, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
An-Nuo Liu, Lu-Lu Wang, Ting-Ting Yan, Juan Gong, Hong-Yan Liu, Yan Jiang, Zheng-Wen Pan, Xiao-Hong Liu
Extensive evidence has been obtained that supports an association between an attentional bias (AB) toward negative stimuli and vulnerability to stress-related psychopathology, little is known regarding the characteristics of individual AB in different posttraumatic growth (PTG) levels. The current study used a modified dot-probe task to investigate if individual differences in AB towards either positive or negative emotional stimuli, are related to self-reported PTG. A sample of 202 patients completed the experiment...
May 15, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Johanna Thompson-Hollands, Scott D Litwack, Karen A Ryabchenko, Barbara L Niles, J Gayle Beck, William Unger, Denise M Sloan
Objective: Examine initial levels and pattern of change of alliance in group treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) for veterans. Method: One hundred and seventy-eight male veterans with PTSD were recruited for this study. Participants were randomly assigned to either group cognitive behavioral therapy (GCBT) or to group present-centered therapy (GPCT). Alliance with fellow group members was assessed every other session throughout the group (total of seven assessments)...
March 2018: Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice
Matthew W Gallagher, Laura J Long, William Tsai, Annette L Stanton, Qian Lu
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the impact of expressive writing on reducing posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms (PTSS) and facilitating posttraumatic growth (PTG) in Chinese American breast cancer survivors. METHOD: Ninety-six women who had completed primary treatments for breast cancer were randomly assigned to a cancer experience facts condition, an emotional disclosure condition, or a self-regulation condition and wrote on three occasions over 3 weeks...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Matthew Brooks, Nicola Graham-Kevan, Sarita Robinson, Michelle Lowe
OBJECTIVE: Previous research suggests trauma characteristics can impact on posttraumatic growth (PTG). The current study considers whether previously identified predictors of PTG may produce different outcomes dependent on the characteristics of the trauma experienced. METHOD: Active coping, avoidant coping, emotional coping, intrusive thoughts, social support, and spirituality were examined as potential mediators of relationships between trauma characteristics (interpersonal trauma, number of trauma types, and childhood trauma) and PTG...
May 3, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
María Á Pérez-San-Gregorio, Agustín Martín-Rodríguez, Milagrosa Sánchez-Martín, Mercedes Borda-Mas, María L Avargues-Navarro, Miguel Á Gómez-Bravo, Rupert Conrad
The valid assessment of the impact of transplantation on psychological well-being is highly relevant to optimize treatment. However, to date there is no standardized instrument available in Spain. The Transplant Effects Questionnaire (TxEQ) evaluates the specific problems associated with organ transplantation, such as worry about transplant, guilt regarding the donor, disclosure of having undergone transplantation, adherence to medical treatment and responsibility toward the donor, family, friends, or medical staff...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Susan Yoon, Sheila Barnhart, Jamie Cage
The primary aim of the current study was to examine the longitudinal effects of ongoing physical abuse on the co-development of externalizing behavior problems and posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms among child welfare-involved adolescents. Using three waves of data from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being, we performed unconditional and conditional parallel process latent growth curve modeling in a structural equation modeling framework. The study sample included 491 adolescents who were between 11 and 13 years of age at baseline...
April 27, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Amar D Mandavia, George A Bonanno
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there were incremental mental health impacts, specifically on depression trajectories, as a result of the 2008 economic crisis (the Great Recession) and subsequent Hurricane Sandy. METHOD: Using latent growth mixture modeling and the ORANJ BOWL dataset, we examined prospective trajectories of depression among older adults (mean age, 60.67; SD, 6.86) who were exposed to the 2 events. We also collected community economic and criminal justice data to examine their impact upon depression trajectories...
April 29, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Xiaofei Kang, Yueyan Fang, Sihan Li, Yadong Liu, Di Zhao, Xiujuan Feng, Yaqi Wang, Ping Li
Objective: Ambulance personnel who witness trauma experienced by patients have been reported to experience positive changes, known as vicarious posttraumatic growth (VPTG). We examined VPTG and its relationship with social support and resilience among ambulance personnel. Methods: The sample (n=227) was recruited from six emergency centers in China. The measures included the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI), the Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS), and the 10-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC-10)...
April 27, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
Chris Hammer, Leslie Podlog, Ross Wadey, Nick Galli, Anjali J Forber-Pratt, Maria Newton
PURPOSE: To examine how deliberate rumination and psychological need satisfaction interact to facilitate posttraumatic growth for para sport athletes with acquired disability. METHODS: Utilizing a sample of 70 para sport athletes, the hypothesized mediating role of deliberate rumination was examined via a simple mediation model. The interaction between needs satisfaction and deliberate rumination and their effect on posttraumatic growth was examined utilizing a moderated mediation procedure...
April 25, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Yi Zhang, Wei Xu, Guangzhe Yuan, Yuanyuan An
The aim of this study was to explore the different cognitive processes involved in the development of posttraumatic stress disorders (PTSDs) and posttraumatic growth (PTG). One year after the Yancheng tornado, 455 middle school students were assessed to study how posttraumatic cognitive change (PCC) influenced PTSD and PTG among traumatized Chinese adolescents through the role of rumination. The results indicated that intrusive rumination partly mediated the relationship between PCC and PTSD, and deliberate rumination partly mediated the relationship between PCC and PTSD and completely mediated the relationship between PCC and PTG...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Adam P McGuire, Natalie P Mota, Lauren M Sippel, Kevin M Connolly, Judith A Lyons
OBJECTIVE: Resilience has been associated with less severe psychiatric symptomatology and better treatment outcomes among individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders (SUD). However, it remains unknown whether resilience increases during psychotherapy within the comorbid PTSD and SUD population with unique features of dual-diagnosis, including trauma cue-related cravings. We tested whether veterans seeking psychotherapy for comorbid PTSD-SUD reported increased resilience from pre- to post-treatment...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
L Y Saltzman, R Pat-Horenczyk, M Lombe, A Weltman, Y Ziv, T McNamara, D Takeuchi, D Brom
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Posttraumatic stress disorder, a commonly researched mental health outcome associated with trauma, does not develop in the majority of survivors. More common trajectories of adaptation include resilience, and posttraumatic growth (PTG). The objectives of the current study were to: (1) describe posttrauma adaptation profiles in a sample of Israeli male military veterans (N = 448); and (2) to explore the protective factors that promote constructive PTG within two profiles of posttrauma adaptation...
April 12, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Yanbo Wang, Suyun Fan, Hongbiao Wang, Li Li, Yanyan Jia, Li Chai
PURPOSE: Thyroid cancer, especially differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC), is a highly prevalent chronic disease that is known to cause considerable distress, related both to the high recurrence and treatment of the disease. The Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self Measure-Revised 2 (PRISM-R2) has been developed as a visual measure to assess suffering. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of the instrument to identify patients with DTC with different levels of suffering who may need additional support care...
April 11, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Cassandra D'Amore, Stephanie L Martin, Karen Wood, Carolyn Brooks
Research on the effects of intimate partner violence (IPV) on women demonstrates the significant physical, emotional, psychological, and spiritual consequences of this form of interpersonal trauma. It is well documented that experiencing IPV can have devastating consequences to women's physical and mental health, overall well-being, and quality of life, as well as that of their children's. However, a small, predominantly qualitative body of research exists on women's experience of and capacity for healing from the effects of IPV, but more research is needed to advance theory and practice in this important area...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Yuanyuan An, Guangzhe Yuan, Na Zhang, Wei Xu, Zhen Liu, Feng Zhou
Treatment of posttraumatic stress symptoms and facilitation of posttraumatic growth are two encouraging areas of research, yet little is understood about the relationships between trait mindfulness, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and posttraumatic growth. Previous work suggests the linkages among these variables, but most studies have been conducted in adult samples. The aim of this study was to examine longitudinal cross-lagged relationships between mindfulness, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and posttraumatic growth among adolescent survivors of the 2016 Jiangsu tornado in China...
March 20, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Angela M Simmons, Felecia M Rivers, Sandi Gordon, Linda H Yoder
BACKGROUND: Military nurses provide care to seriously injured service members in flight, on the ground, or at sea during transport from the point of injury to a facility capable of providing higher levels of care. From this experience nurses are at increased risk of developing negative behavioral health symptoms. Spirituality, a belief in someone or something greater than oneself, could provide behavioral health support for military nurses who serve in this role. OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of spirituality on the behavioral health of nurses who provided en route care while deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan...
April 2018: Critical Care Nurse
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