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Posttraumatic growth

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637083/changes-in-spiritual-well-being-and-psychological-outcomes-in-ovarian-cancer-survivors
#1
Lauren Z Davis, Michaela Cuneo, Premal H Thaker, Michael J Goodheart, David Bender, Susan Lutgendorf
OBJECTIVE: Because of the poor prognosis of ovarian cancer and concomitant distress, understanding contributors to positive well-being is critical. This study examines spiritual growth as a domain of posttraumatic growth and its contribution to longitudinal emotional outcomes in ovarian cancer. METHODS: Ovarian cancer patients (N=241) completed measures assessing spirituality (FACIT-SP-12; subscales: faith, meaning, and peace), depression (CESD), cancer-specific anxiety (IES), and total mood disturbance (TMD: POMS) prior to surgery and one-year post-surgery...
June 21, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628600/alterations-in-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-and-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-protein-levels-after-penetrating-ballistic-like-brain-injury-in-rats
#2
Sindhu K Madathil, Ying Deng-Bryant, Bernard S Wilfred, Lai Yee Leung, Janice S Gilsdorf, Deborah A Shear
BACKGROUND: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) are essential for neuroplasticity and neuronal survival. Despite the importance of these endogenous factors in mediating posttraumatic recovery, little is known about their response after penetrating type traumatic brain injury. The objective of this study was to quantify the expression levels BDNF and IGF-1, two well-known neuroplasticity mediators, after penetrating ballistic-like brain injury (PBBI)...
July 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619421/the-protective-role-of-maternal-posttraumatic-growth-and-cognitive-trauma-processing-among-palestinian-mothers-and-infants
#3
Safwat Y Diab, Sanna Isosävi, Samir R Qouta, Saija Kuittinen, Raija-Leena Punamäki
War survivors use multiple cognitive and emotional processes to protect their mental health from the negative impacts of trauma. Because mothers and infants may be especially vulnerable to trauma in conditions of war, it is urgent to determine which cognitive and emotional processes are effective for preventing negative trauma impacts." This study examined whether mothers' high posttraumatic growth (PTG) and positive posttraumatic cognitions (PTC) protected (a) their own mental health and (b) their infants' stress regulation and sensorimotor and language development from the effects of war trauma...
June 12, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594439/genetic-and-psychosocial-predictors-of-alcohol-use-trajectories-among-disaster-exposed-adolescents
#4
Kaitlin Bountress, Carla Kmett Danielson, Vernell Williamson, Vladimir Vladmirov, Joel Gelernter, Kenneth Ruggiero, Ananda Amstadter
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adolescent alcohol misuse is associated with numerous long-term adverse outcomes, so we examined predictors of alcohol use among disaster-exposed adolescents, a group at-risk for alcohol misuse. METHODS: The current study (n = 332) examined severity of tornado-related exposure, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, emotional support, and a genetic risk sum score (GRSS) as predictors of alcohol use trajectories. RESULTS: Severity of exposure interacted with the GRSS to predict both intercept (12-month follow up quantity of alcohol use) and growth rate...
June 8, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594203/predictors-of-posttraumatic-growth-10-11-months-after-a-fatal-earthquake
#5
Robin Achterhof, Martin J Dorahy, Amy Rowlands, Charlotte Renouf, Eileen Britt, Janet D Carter
Posttraumatic growth (PTG) is a commonly observed phenomenon in the wake of a distressing event, capturing potentially beneficial effects for posttraumatic adaptation. However, it is not entirely clear what factors are essential for the development of PTG, especially after natural disasters. Most importantly, it is uncertain what type of relationship exists between posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and PTG. As yet, there is also no consensus on whether PTG can best be seen as a process outcome or as a coping mechanism...
June 8, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594202/the-four-faces-of-rumination-to-stressful-events-a-psychometric-analysis
#6
Felipe E García, Almudena Duque, Félix Cova
OBJECTIVE: To increase the knowledge of rumination and its associations with stressful events, we explored the relationships between 4 types of rumination (brooding, reflection, intrusive, and deliberate rumination) in a sample of 750 adult participants who experienced a highly stressful event. We also explored the predictive value of the different types of rumination on posttraumatic stress symptoms and posttraumatic growth 6 months after the highly stressful event occurred. METHOD: Participants completed the Ruminative Response Scale and the Event-Related Rumination Inventory...
June 8, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585777/natural-course-of-co-occurring-ptsd-and-alcohol-use-disorder-among-recent-combat-veterans
#7
Kyle Possemato, Stephen A Maisto, Michael Wade, Kimberly Barrie, Emily M Johnson, Paige C Ouimette
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD) commonly co-occur in veterans, yet little is known about the longitudinal course of PTSD and drinking in comorbid populations. This study assessed the natural course of daily alcohol consumption and weekly changes in PTSD symptoms in 112 recent combat veterans over the course of 11 months. Latent class growth mixture modeling was used to classify individuals into distinct classes with similar PTSD symptom and alcohol use growth trajectories...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570793/anticonvulsant-medication-use-in-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#8
Brian Shiner, Christine Leonard Westgate, Nancy C Bernardy, Paula P Schnurr, Bradley V Watts
OBJECTIVE: Anticonvulsants have been studied for many indications, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The limited efficacy research on anticonvulsants for PTSD is mixed. However, anticonvulsants are prescribed widely to veterans with PTSD. Our objective was to measure trends and factors associated with anticonvulsant prescriptions among veterans with PTSD. METHODS: We obtained administrative and pharmacy data for veterans who initiated PTSD treatment in the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) between 2004 and 2013 (N = 731,520)...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560605/social-support-stress-coping-strategies-resilience-and-posttraumatic-growth-in-a-polish-sample-of-hiv-infected-individuals-results-of-a-1%C3%A2-year-longitudinal-study
#9
Marcin Rzeszutek, Włodzimierz Oniszczenko, Ewa Firląg-Burkacka
This study investigated the level of posttraumatic growth (PTG) and its association with the level of social support, stress coping strategies and resilience among a people living with HIV (PLWH) in a 1 year longitudinal study. We also controlled for age, HIV infection duration and the presence of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). From the 290 participants, initially eligible for the study, 110 patients were recruited for the first assessment and 73 patients participated in a follow-up assessment. Participants filled out following psychometric tools: the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI), the Berlin Social Support Scales (BSSS), the Mini-COPE Inventory, the Resiliency Assessment Scale (SPP-25) and the PTSD-F questionnaire...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554099/evaluation-of-adma-carbonyl-groups-cat-and-nka-in-depressed-patients-with-and-without-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#10
Ewa A Ogłodek
BACKGROUND: It has been shown that asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), carbonyl groups, catalase (CAT) and neurokinin A (NKA) are actively involved in neuronal processes such as depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). One of their roles is to protect the body from oxidative damage. This is done by affecting neuronal growth, development and plasticity. The study aimed at assessing the concentrations of ADMA, carbonyl groups, CAT and NKA in patients with varying levels of depression severity, PTSD, and depression concurrent with PTSD...
February 20, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541086/buffering-and-direct-effect-of-posttraumatic-growth-in-predicting-distress-following-cancer
#11
Ashley Wei-Ting Wang, Cheng-Shyong Chang, Shou-Tung Chen, Dar-Ren Chen, Fang Fan, Charles S Carver, Wen-Yau Hsu
OBJECTIVE: Evidence regarding post traumatic growth (PTG) as a predictor of future reductions in distress has been inconclusive. The purpose of this study was to examine this relationship in a multiple-observation prospective study, to provide a more rigorous test of prediction over time. This longitudinal study extended previous work by taking into account perceptions of vulnerability and explored the buffering role of PTG on the links between vulnerability and psychological distress...
June 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540769/posttraumatic-growth-is-related-to-subjective-well-being-of-aid-workers-exposed-to-cumulative-trauma-in-palestine
#12
Guido Veronese, Alessandro Pepe, Irene Massaiu, Ann-Sophie De Mol, Ian Robbins
The present study examined how stress reactions after traumatic events influence subjective well-being (SWB) via the indirect effect of posttraumatic growth (PTG) in two samples of Palestinian professional helpers from the Gaza Strip and West Bank ( n = 201). Using the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) as a dependent measure of well-being, and PTGI-10, PANAS-20, WHO-5 BREF, and IES-13 questionnaires as independent variables, structural equation modelling (SEM) was used to examine whether: (a) cumulative trauma was negatively and directly related to subjective well-being; (b) levels of trauma were positively and directly related to posttraumatic growth; and (c) PTG was positively and directly related to subjective well-being...
June 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521252/trauma-type-as-a-conditional-risk-factor-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-a-referred-clinic-sample-of-adolescents
#13
Jani Nöthling, Candice Simmons, Sharain Suliman, Soraya Seedat
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic experiences that are varied in type and severity may lead to the development of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Some trauma types present a higher conditional risk for PTSD owing to their nature and impact on growth and functioning. Few studies have investigated the conditional risk of PTSD in clinic referred adolescents in low- and middle-income countries. The aim of the study was to determine the conditional risk for PTSD based on various trauma types (car accidents, other serious accidents, fires, witnessing a natural disaster, witnessing a violent crime, being confronted with traumatic news, witnessing domestic violence, physical abuse and sexual abuse) and to stratify risk by gender...
July 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520463/a-preclinical-assessment-of-early-continuous-passive-motion-and-treadmill-therapeutic-exercises-for-generating-chondroprotective-effects-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-rupture
#14
Nai-Jen Chang, Kuan-Wei Lee, Chih-Jou Chu, Ming-You Shie, Pei-Hsi Chou, Chih-Chan Lin, Peir-In Liang
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is a well-known risk factor for the development of posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA). However, whether using continuous passive motion (CPM) with or without additional treadmill exercise (TRE) in early ACL injury might provide chondroprotective effects and further decrease the risk of PTOA has yet to be determined. HYPOTHESIS: CPM may offer an enhanced chondroprotective effect, but TRE may attenuate that effect due to the mechanical stress on the joint and inflammatory cytokines in the joint...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511243/-emotional-arousal-voice-stress-and-posttraumatic-growth-as-well-as-relationship-satisfaction-of-partners-of-women-with-breast-cancer-in-the-context-of-social-support
#15
Tanja Zimmermann, Jan H Krüger, Sarah Weusthoff
Introduction Breast cancer is associated with significant psychosocial strains for both patients and partners. Constructive social support and positive communication behavior have been shown to be protective against the burdens associated with breast cancer. Individual levels of emotional arousal during social support interactions with one's spouse are an important aspect of couples' support behaviors and can be assessed via vocal fundamental frequency (f0). Methods N=44 couples had standardized seven-minute long interactions asking the male partner to describe his thoughts and feelings with regard to their wives' breast cancer...
May 16, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499564/socio-demographic-and-psychological-correlates-of-posttraumatic-growth-among-korean-americans-with-a-history-of-traumatic-life-experiences
#16
Gyeong-Suk Jeon, So-Young Park, Kunsook S Bernstein
This study examined socio-demographic and psychological correlates of posttraumatic growth (PTG) among Korean Americans (KAs) with traumatic life experiences. A total of 286 KAs were included. Being a woman or having a lower annual household income had positive associations with PTG, while having no religion had a negative association with it. In addition, praying and visiting a mental health professional for coping with stress or for psychological problems was positively associated with PTG. Higher resilience scores increased PTG, while depressive symptoms decreased it...
June 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493246/-posttraumatic-growth-after-profession-related-traumatization-in-rescue-workers
#17
Anna Krutolewitsch, Andrea B Horn
This study aims to explore the association between self-reported secondary traumatization and personal growth in a sample of Belarusians rescue workers, focusing on the mediating role of 2 socio-interpersonal processes (disclosure and co-rumination). In a cross-sectional survey, self-reported posttraumatic growth and secondary traumatization were assessed in a sample of 168 rescue workers. Posttraumatic growth was positively linked to the extent of secondary traumatization, likewise disclosure and co-rumination were positively linked to posttraumatic growth...
May 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485687/therapeutic-response-to-cognitive-processing-therapy-in-white-and-black-female-veterans-with-military-sexual-trauma-related-ptsd
#18
Ryan P Holliday, Nicholas D Holder, Meredith L C Williamson, Alina Surís
Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) is an evidence-based treatment (EBT) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) which has been validated for female veterans with military-related PTSD. Existing trials have enrolled predominantly White veterans with some studies documenting higher rates of early termination from EBTs among Black females when compared to White females. Data from a previously published randomized clinical trial were used to evaluate the effectiveness of CPT for Black female veterans with military sexual trauma (MST)-related PTSD...
May 9, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481727/trends-in-opioid-use-disorder-diagnoses-and-medication-treatment-among-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#19
Brian Shiner, Christine Leonard Westgate, Nancy C Bernardy, Paula P Schnurr, Bradley V Watts
OBJECTIVE: Despite long-standing interest in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and opioid use disorder comorbidity, there is a paucity of data on the prevalence of opioid use disorder in patients with PTSD. Therefore, there is limited understanding of the use of medications for opioid use disorder in this population. We determined the prevalence of diagnosed opioid use disorder and use of medications for opioid use disorder in a large cohort of patients with PTSD. METHODS: We obtained administrative and pharmacy data for veterans who initiated PTSD treatment in the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) between 2004 and 2013 (N = 731,520)...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478851/-having-cancer-was-awful-but-also-something-good-came-out-post-traumatic-growth-among-adult-survivors-of-pediatric-and-adolescent-cancer
#20
Eduardo R Zamora, Jaehee Yi, Jesmin Akter, Jonghee Kim, Echo L Warner, Anne C Kirchhoff
PURPOSE: The cancer experience may cultivate positive psychological changes that can help reduce distress during adult survivors of childhood and adolescent cancer life course. The aim of this study is to examine the positive impact of cancer in adult survivors utilizing posttraumatic growth as a guiding framework. METHOD: Participants were identified and recruited through the Utah Cancer Registry. Eligible cases were diagnosed with cancer age ≤20 years from 1973 to 2009, born in Utah, and were age ≥18 at study...
June 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
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