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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457926/the-contribution-of-theory-to-the-design-delivery-and-evaluation-of-interprofessional-curricula-beme-guide-no-49
#1
Sarah Hean, Christopher Green, Elizabeth Anderson, Debra Morris, Carol John, Richard Pitt, Cath O'Halloran
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional curricula have often lacked explicit reference to theory despite calls for a more theoretically informed field that illuminates curricular assumptions and justifies curricular practices. AIM: To review the contributions of theory to the design, delivery, and evaluation of interprofessional curricula. METHODS: Four databases were searched (1988-2015). Studies demonstrating explicit and a high-quality contribution of theory to the design, delivery or evaluation of interprofessional curricula were included...
February 19, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451737/mapping-career-ready-skills-through-student-leadership-programs
#2
Adam Peck
This chapter discusses connecting learning outcomes already pursued in many leadership development programs with the skills that are most in-demand by employers. Additionally, the need to holistically map and integrate the career skills gained in both curricular and cocurricular contexts is explored, with models provided for implementing this approach.
March 2018: New Directions for Student Leadership
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447544/-asking-but-not-screening-assessing-physicians-and-nurses-substance-related-clinical-behaviors
#3
Jon Agley, Joan M Carlson, Angela M McNelis, Ruth A Gassman, Rhonda Schwindt, David Crabb, Julie Vannerson
BACKGROUND: Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is a promising public health approach for problematic substance use. A core component of SBIRT is the use of formal screening tools to categorize a patient's likely level of risk in order to provide an appropriately-matched service. Training in formal screening is included in many SBIRT training programs, but infrequently is emphasized. OBJECTIVES: To assess pre-training levels of SBIRT-related clinical behaviors, including screening, this study examined a secondary dataset collected from internal medicine residents and graduate nurse practitioner students...
February 15, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444389/anatomy-integration-effective-change-or-change-of-affect
#4
Rebecca S Hartley, Gary A Smith, Martina J Rosenberg
Anatomy is fundamental to clinical practice, is considered a rite of passage in becoming a physician and is key to professional identity formation. The anatomy course that began the medical curriculum at the University of New Mexico School of Medicine was recently dissolved to address content and process gaps in the pre-clinical curriculum. Anatomy was integrated into the organ system blocks to make room for new courses to address content gaps. Previous reports of anatomy integration document more positive attitudes and perceptions to teaching anatomy in context, as compared to an independent course...
February 14, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441840/the-ethics-of-real-time-ems-direction-suggested-curricular-content
#5
Jay M Brenner, Andrew L Aswegan, Laura E Vearrier, Jesse B Basford, Kenneth V Iserson
Ethical dilemmas can create moral distress in even the most experienced emergency physicians (EPs). Following reasonable and justified approaches can help alleviate such distress. The purpose of this article is to guide EPs providing Emergency Medical Services (EMS) direction to navigate through common ethical issues confronted in the prehospital delivery of care, including protecting privacy and confidentiality, decision-making capacity and refusal of treatment, withholding of treatment, and termination of resuscitation (TOR)...
February 14, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436292/is-it-a-match-a-novel-method-of-evaluating-medical-school-success
#6
Leslie L Chang, Alisa Nagler, Mariah Rudd, Colleen O'Connor Grochowski, Edward G Buckley, Saumil M Chudgar, Deborah L Engle
BACKGROUND: Medical education program evaluation allows for curricular improvements to both Undergraduate (UME) and Graduate Medical Education (GME). UME programs are left with little more than match rates and self-report to evaluate success of graduates in The Match. OBJECTIVE: This manuscript shares a novel method of program evaluation through a systematic assessment of Match outcomes. DESIGN: Surveys were developed and distributed to Program Training Directors (PTDs) at our institution to classify residency programs into which our UME graduates matched using an ordinal response scale and open-ended responses...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432629/seven-years-of-teaching-communication-with-the-patient-centered-observation-form
#7
Patricia Adam, Courtney F Murphy, Mary Dierich, Keri D Hager
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: For years, family medicine has taught patient-centered communication through observations and observation checklists. We explored the utility of one checklist, the Patient-Centered Observation Form (PCOF), to teach and evaluate patient-centered communication in our family medicine residencies. METHODS: We conducted a mixed-method study of five University of Minnesota Family Medicine Residencies' seven years of experience teaching and evaluating residents' patient-centered communication skills...
February 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432074/an-opioid-overdose-curriculum-for-medical-residents-impact-on-naloxone-prescribing-knowledge-and-attitudes
#8
Jessica Lee Taylor, Alison B Rapoport, Christopher F Rowley, Kenneth J Mukamal, Wendy Stead
BACKGROUND: Despite escalating opioid overdose death rates, addiction medicine is underrepresented in residency curricula. Providing naloxone to at-risk patients, relatives, and first responders reduces overdose deaths, but rates of naloxone prescribing remain low. The goal of this study is to examine the impact of a brief curricular intervention for internal medicine residents on naloxone prescribing rates, knowledge, and attitudes. METHODS: Internal medicine residents (n = 160) at an urban, tertiary care medical center received two one-hour didactic sessions addressing overdose prevention, including intranasal naloxone...
February 12, 2018: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430268/the-involvement-of-older-inpatients-in-medical-student-education
#9
T Aquilina, S M Thompson, K H M Metcalfe, H Hughes, L Sinclair, F Batt
Objectives: To examine older inpatients' experiences with medical student education, their views on future interactions, and to seek their opinion on the most important curricular topics related to geriatric medicine. Methods: The study involved 112 non-confused inpatients older than 65 years of age, who completed a uniformed questionnaire on the day of their discharge from a teaching hospital. Results: The mean age was 81 years, with equal number of male and female participants...
2018: European Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428368/leaders-growing-leaders-designing-a-tier-based-leadership-program-for-surgeons
#10
Laura Torbeck, Grace Rozycki, Gary Dunnington
BACKGROUND: Leadership has emerged as a crucial component of professional development for physicians in academic medicine. Most leadership skills can be learned and therefore best practices of delivering leadership development are in high demand. For practicing surgeons, specific strategies to teach leadership have been lacking. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to describe the structure of a tier-based leadership development program called Leaders Growing Leaders, to identify the major curricular components to each tier including measures and outcomes, and to share lessons learned for those who may want to begin a similar leadership development program...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426569/individual-learning-plans-foster-self-directed-learning-skills-and-contribute-to-improved-educational-outcomes-in-the-surgery-clerkship
#11
Andrew S Kastenmeier, Philip N Redlich, Catherine Fihn, Robert Treat, Raymond Chou, Amy Homel, Brian D Lewis
BACKGROUND: The Individual Learning Plan (ILP) is a newly implemented curricular element designed to foster self-directed learning (SDL) skills among medical students during our surgery clerkship. Our aim was to determine the impact of ILPs on educational outcomes and acquisition of SDL skills. METHODS: Students were surveyed regarding the educational value of ILPs, their acquisition of SDL skills, and the impact of the surgery clerkship on fostering these skills...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424436/predictors-of-saudi-nursing-students-attitudes-towards-environment-and-sustainability-in-health-care
#12
J P Cruz, F Alshammari, R F D Felicilda-Reynaldo
AIM: This study aimed to investigate the predictors of Saudi nursing students' attitudes towards the environment and sustainability in health care. BACKGROUND: With rising temperature and decreasing annual rainfall, Saudi Arabia is threatened by the harmful effects of climate change on its population. In response to these threats, the Ministry of Health adapted sustainable development and environmental preservation in their National E-Health strategy. INTRODUCTION: To implement these policies successfully, healthcare practitioners should be educated on how climate change could impact human health negatively...
February 9, 2018: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424416/-curricular-training-in-global-health-in-chile-a-pending-challenge
#13
Javiera Flaño Olivos, Báltica Cabieses
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424408/-concept-frame-for-curricular-innovation-in-health-care-schools
#14
Gustavo Hawes, Ana María Rojas-Serey, Mónica Espinoza, Sandra Oyarzo, Silvana Castillo-Parra, Manuel Castillo, Luis Romero
We herein describe the conceptual dimension of the curricular innovation process carried out in the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Chile. We describe the context of innovation. The theoretical pertinence and relevance of a competence driven curriculum for health care professionals is discussed. The epistemological, ontological and didactic dimensions of the curricular innovation are examined. A main issue is the notion of competence and its significance in professional training. The curriculum is essentially considered as a moral endeavor, especially for health care professionals and their quest to improve the quality of life of the population...
September 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422702/adapting-the-ideas-of-translational-science-for-translational-family-science
#15
Joseph G Grzywacz, Jeffrey W Allen
Family science has been doing translational science since before it came into vogue. Nevertheless, the field has been subjected to the same forces in the broader academy that have created a widening chasm between discovery and practice. Thus, the primary objective of this article is to translate the principles, concepts, and models of translational science to solidify an identity for family science and help the field move forward in broader academic, care delivery, and policy arenas. Alternative models of translational science, primarily from biomedicine but also from other disciplines, are reviewed and critically analyzed, and core concepts and principles are isolated, elaborated, and applied to family science...
October 2017: Family Relations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421640/sustaining-a-newly-implemented-competence-based-midwifery-programme-in-lesotho-emerging-issues
#16
Champion N Nyoni, Yvonne Botma
The need to develop midwives who improve maternal and neonatal outcomes underpins decisions to adopt competence-based education models in low- and middle-income countries. Competence-based education means a shift in the training of midwives to include student self-directed performance-oriented training. Sustaining the implementation of a curricular innovation, such as a competence-based curriculum, requires new skills and resources by countries adopting such innovation. The skills and resources needed to sustain such a curricular innovation are influenced by issues that arise during implementation of the curricular innovation...
February 5, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407259/pre-departure-preparation-and-co-curricular-activities-for-students-intercultural-exchange-a-mixed-methods-study
#17
E Angela Chan, Justina Yat Wa Liu, Keith Hin Kee Fung, Pak Lik Tsang, John Yuen
BACKGROUND: Nurses are required to be culturally competent to provide quality care to an increasingly diverse and ageing population. International exchange programmes were developed to support the traditional nursing curriculum. These programmes have often overlooked the importance of pre-departure preparation and co-curricular activities to the development of intercultural competency. OBJECTIVES: To explore the influence of pre-departure and co-curricular activities on the intercultural learning experiences of both exchange and host students in a short-term international summer programme...
January 31, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406131/voices-of-chief-nursing-executives-informing-a-doctor-of-nursing-practice-program
#18
Jennifer L Embree, Julie Meek, Patricia Ebright
The purpose of this article is to describe the business case framework used to guide doctor of nursing practice (DNP) program enhancements and to discuss methods used to gain chief nurse executives' (CNEs) perspectives for desired curricular and experiential content for doctor of nursing practice nurses in health care system executive roles. Principal results of CNE interview responses were closely aligned to the knowledge, skills and/or attitudes identified by the national leadership organizations. Major conclusions of this article are that curriculum change should include increased emphasis on leadership, implementation science, and translation of evidence into practice methods...
January 2018: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401332/augmenting-fellow-education-through-spaced-multiple-choice-questions
#19
Alice E Barsoumian, Heather C Yun
Background: The San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Education Consortium Infectious Disease Fellowship program historically included a monthly short-answer and multiple-choice quiz. The intent was to ensure medical knowledge in relevant content areas that may not be addressed through clinical rotations, such as operationally relevant infectious disease. After completion, it was discussed in a small group with faculty. Over time, faculty noted increasing dissatisfaction with the activity...
January 1, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396888/challenges-in-the-transition-to-clinical-training-in-dentistry-an-adee-special-interest-group-initial-report
#20
C M Serrano, M G Botelho, P R Wesselink, J M Vervoorn
INTRODUCTION: Curricular integration in higher education has been widely supported in the educational literature. As a result, several health care and specifically dental curricula have evolved from compartmentalised disciplinary training to integrated modalities; however, in many courses, a pre-clinical-clinical watershed remains a barrier to integration in dental education. This article introduces a general description of the pre-clinical-clinical transition in dentistry according to the outcomes of the discussion held during the first working group session of the "Transition to Clinical Training" Special Interest Group during the 2016 annual meeting of the Association for Dental Education in Europe...
February 3, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
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