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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025298/twelve-tips-for-using-applied-improvisation-in-medical-education
#1
Krista Hoffmann-Longtin, Jonathan P Rossing, Elizabeth Weinstein
Future physicians will practice medicine in a more complex environment than ever, where skills of interpersonal communication, collaboration and adaptability to change are critical. Applied improvisation (or AI) is an instructional strategy which adapts the concepts of improvisational theater to teach these types of complex skills in other contexts. Unique to AI is its very active teaching approach, adapting theater games to help learners meet curricular objectives. In medical education, AI is particularly helpful when attempting to build students' comfort with and skills in complex, interpersonal behaviors such as effective listening, person-centeredness, teamwork and communication...
October 12, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021978/global-health-teaching-in-india-a-curricular-landscape
#2
REVIEW
Sanghamitra Pati, Rajeshwari Sinha, Meely Panda, Sandipana Pati, Anjali Sharma, Sanjay Zodpey
Today, health has transcended national boundaries and become more multifaceted. Global health has evolved as a new paradigm and is recently being identified as a thrust area now in India. Despite an existing need for a standardized global health curriculum, there is little information available on its education and curriculum in medical and health education space. In the Indian context, we are yet to have a fuller picture of the current status, including, content, structure, selection, teaching methods of global health, and how students are evaluated in India...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994457/back-from-basics-integration-of-science-and-practice-in-medical-education
#3
Glen Bandiera, Ayelet Kuper, Maria Mylopoulos, Cynthia Whitehead, Mariela Ruetalo, Kulamakan Kulasegaram, Nicole N Woods
CONTEXT: In 1988, the Edinburgh Declaration challenged medical teachers, curriculum designers and leaders to make an organised effort to change medical education for the better. Among a series of recommendations was a call to integrate training in science and clinical practice across a breadth of clinical contexts. The aim was to create physicians who could serve the needs of all people and provide care in a multitude of contexts. In the years since, in the numerous efforts towards integration, new models of curricula have been proposed and implemented with varying levels of success...
October 10, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991850/aligning-education-with-health-care-transformation-identifying-a-shared-mental-model-of-new-faculty-competencies-for-academic-faculty
#4
Jed D Gonzalo, Amarpreet Ahluwalia, Maria Hamilton, Heidi Wolf, Daniel R Wolpaw, Britta M Thompson
PURPOSE: To develop a potential competency framework for faculty development programs aligned with the needs of faculty in academic health centers (AHCs). METHOD: In 2014 and 2015, the authors interviewed 23 health system leaders and analyzed transcripts using constant comparative analysis and thematic analysis. They coded competencies and curricular concepts into subcategories. Lead investigators reviewed drafts of the categorization themes and subthemes related to gaps in faculty knowledge and skills, collapsed and combined competency domains, and resolved disagreements via discussion...
October 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987451/smoking-prevention-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-of-individualized-interventions
#5
REVIEW
Lindsay R Duncan, Erin S Pearson, Ralph Maddison
OBJECTIVE: This study systematically reviewed the literature to determine what type of cognitive-behavioral based interventions administered outside of formal school settings effectively prevent smoking initiation among children and adolescents. METHODS: Applying the PRISMA guidelines we searched MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINHAL, Pub Med, SCOPUS, and Sport Discus. Article review, data extraction, and assessment of risk of bias were conducted by two independent reviewers...
September 21, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984628/encouraging-curricular-research-a-new-agenda-for-ijdvl
#6
EDITORIAL
Saumya Panda, Yogesh S Marfatia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977234/developing-skills-learning-in-obstetric-nursing-approaches-between-theory-and-practice
#7
Maria de Fátima Gomes Lima, Alice Maria Correia Pequeno, Dafne Paiva Rodrigues, Cleide Carneiro, Ana Patrícia Pereira Morais, Francisca Diana da Silva Negreiros
Objective: To analyze the development of professional skills in an obstetric nursing graduate course. Method: Qualitative research, applying semi-structured interviews with 11 students in the obstetric nursing specialization at the State University of Ceará. Data was submitted to thematic review. Results: According to the subjects, the course offers the development of skills to strengthen and expand the range of activities in obstetric nursing...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977181/actions-of-the-school-health-program-and-school-meals-in-the-prevention-of-childhood-overweight-experience-in-the-municipality-of-itapevi-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-state-brazil-2014
#8
Mariangela da Silva Alves Batista, Lenise Mondini, Patrícia Constante Jaime
OBJECTIVE: to describe the experience in the municipality of Itapevi-SP, Brazil, within the framework of School Health Program and school meals related to overweight prevention. METHODS: this cross-sectional study comprised 21 public schools of the first cycle of Primary School who adhered to the School Health Program; the diagnoses, based on 2014 data, included the students' nutritional status, qualitative analysis of school meals, and inclusion of themes related to nutrition and physical activities in curricular and extracurricular activities...
July 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967576/associate-program-directors-in-surgery-a-select-group-of-surgical-educators
#9
Farin Amersi, Jennifer Choi, Afshin Molkara, Danny Takanishi, Karen Deveney, Areti Tillou
OBJECTIVE: The role of the Associate Program Director (APD) within surgical education is not clearly defined or regulated by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, often leading to variations in the responsibilities among institutions. Required credentials are not specified and compensation and protected time are not regulated resulting in large discrepancies among institutions. APDs are brought into the fold of surgical education to parcel out the escalating responsibilities of program director (PD)...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966991/illustrating-and-analyzing-the-processes-of-multi-institutional-collaboration-lessons-learnt-at-howard-university-hospital
#10
Mansoor Malik, Suneeta Kumari, Partam Manalai, Maria Hipolito
Multi-institutional collaboration offers a promising approach to the dissemination of resources for capacity building and the improvement of the training of new investigators and residents, especially in areas of novel curricular content. Physicians should keep pace with the rapid growth of curricular content in an era of restricted resources. Such collaborations, in which educational entities work together and share resources and infrastructure, have been employed in health care to improve quality of care, capacity building, disparity reduction, and resident training...
May 2017: Internal Medicine Review (Washington, D.C.: Online)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966269/enhancing-study-motivation-and-efficacy-among-first-year-students-using-minute-papers-in-the-interdisciplinary-subject-of-yakugaku-nyumon
#11
Kouya Yamaki, Koji Ikeda, Kumiko Ueda, Yasushi Habu, Yoshiaki Nakayama, Norihiko Takeda, Kensuke Moriwaki, Akimori Wada, Junko Koyama, Noriko Kodama, Shuji Kitagawa
 Active learning in higher education is important for learning efficacy and motivation. Accordingly, lectures that integrate strategies toward active learning, such as minute papers, debates, and collaborative learning, have become widely adopted. Minute papers facilitate communication among both teachers and students, and can be used as a tool for reviewing lectures. In the present study, we examined the effect of using minute papers on learning efficacy and motivation. To enhance the curriculum of the interdisciplinary course Yakugaku Nyumon, which consists of an omnibus lecture series and problem-based learning, minute papers with exercises were provided to applicants...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959228/effectiveness-of-the-what-s-up-intervention-to-reduce-stigma-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-youth-program-questionnaire-ypq-results-from-a-cluster-non-randomized-controlled-trial-conducted-in-catalan-high-schools
#12
Laura Andrés-Rodríguez, Adrián Pérez-Aranda, Albert Feliu-Soler, María Rubio-Valera, Ignacio Aznar-Lou, Antoni Serrano-Blanco, Miquel Juncosa, Anaïs Tosas, Albert Bernadàs, Juan V Luciano
Mental disorders are highly prevalent in the general population, and people who experience them are frequently stigmatized. Stigma has a very negative impact on social, academic/professional, and personal life. Considering the high rates of mental disorders among children and adolescents (13.4%) and how critical this age is in the formation of nuclear beliefs, many campaigns to combat stigma have been developed in the last decade, with mixed results. The OBERTAMENT initiative has produced various anti-stigma campaigns in Catalonia (Spain)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953566/in-search-of-black-swans-identifying-students-at-risk-of-failing-licensing-examinations
#13
Cassandra Barber, Robert Hammond, Lorne Gula, Gary Tithecott, Saad Chahine
PURPOSE: To determine which admissions variables and curricular outcomes are predictive of being at risk of failing the Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Examination Part 1 (MCCQE1), how quickly student risk of failure can be predicted, and to what extent predictive modeling is possible and accurate in estimating future student risk. METHOD: Data from five graduating cohorts (2011-2015), Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, Western University, were collected and analyzed using hierarchical generalized linear models (HGLMs)...
September 26, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953290/rural-curricular-guidelines-based-on-practice-scope-of-recent-residency-graduates-practicing-in-small-communities
#14
Joe M Skariah, Carl Rasmussen, Joyce Hollander-Rodriguez, Patricia A Carney, Eve Dexter, Elaine Waller, M Patrice Eiff
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The optimal curriculum for training family physicians for rural practice within a traditional urban-based residency is not defined. We used the scope of practice among recent family medicine graduates of residencies associated with Preparing the Personal Physician for Practice (P4), practicing in small communities, to identify rural curriculum components. METHODS: We surveyed graduates 18 months after residency between 2007 and 2014. The survey measured self-reported practice characteristics, including community size, and scope of practice...
September 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950680/adherence-to-the-tobacco-free-school-policy-in-rural-india
#15
Nilesh Chatterjee, Rajashree Kadam, Deepak Patil, Priyamvada Todankar
Background: In India, 267 million adults use tobacco with prevalence of 35% in rural areas and 13% among those between 15 and 24 years. With 40% of India’s population below 19 years, tobacco-free schools (TFS) can be a critical strategy for preventing tobacco-use among youth. This study examined the extent of and factors associated with complete adherence to national TFS guidelines among rural schools in the state of Maharashtra. Methods: Trained observers visited 507 rural schools to check adherence to eleven TFS criteria and conducted a cross-sectional survey of school-level indicators...
September 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945140/an-evaluation-of-an-interprofessional-practice-based-learning-environment-using-student-reflections
#16
Cora L Housley, Kathryn K Neill, Lanita S White, Andrea T Tedder, Ashley N Castleberry
The 12th Street Health and Wellness Center is an interprofessional, student-led, community-based clinic. Students from all University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences colleges work together to provide healthcare services for residents of an underserved community. Interprofessional student teams assess patients and present to an interprofessional preceptor team. At the conclusion of clinic, teams reflect on their experience. The objective of this study is to generate key themes from the end of clinic reflections to describe learning outcomes in an interprofessional practice environment...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943140/hospital-to-home-a-quality-improvement-initiative-to-implement-high-fidelity-simulation-training-for-caregivers-of-children-requiring-long-term-mechanical-ventilation
#17
Jodi Thrasher, Joyce Baker, Kathleen M Ventre, Sara E Martin, Jessica Dawson, Roberta Cox, Heather M Moore, Sarah Brethouwer, Sharon Sables-Baus, Christopher D Baker
BACKGROUND: Preparing families of children requiring long-term mechanical ventilation (LTMV) to manage medical emergencies at home is challenging. Opportunities for family caregivers to rehearse crisis management in a controlled setting before discharge are limited. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to create a multimodal discharge preparedness curriculum, incorporating high-fidelity simulation training, to prepare family caregivers of children with complex medical conditions requiring long-term mechanical ventilation...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941221/how-well-do-rheumatology-fellows-manage-acute-infusion-reactions-a-pilot-curricular-intervention
#18
Jason J Weiner, Amanda M Eudy, Lisa G Criscione-Schreiber
BACKGROUND: Infusible DMARDs are commonly prescribed in rheumatology and other fields. There are no published formal educational curricula rheumatology fellowship programs can use to teach infusion reaction management skills to fellows. We aimed to better understand this educational gap, and implement and assess the effectiveness of an experiential curriculum on acute infusion reaction management. METHODS: We included current rheumatology fellows and recent graduates from five fellowship programs...
September 21, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940136/residents-perceive-limited-education-on-family-planning-and-contraception-for-patients-with-severe-and-persistent-mental-illness
#19
Matthew Macaluso, Rosey Zackula, Christina Bowman, Christina Bourne, Donna Sweet
OBJECTIVE: The primary goal of this study was to assess perceived adequacy of training by residents from multiple specialties on contraceptive prescribing and family planning for patients with severe and persistent mental illness (SPMI). Secondary goals included the following: (1) explore resident knowledge, attitudes, and behavior towards patients with SPMI and (2) identify barriers to meeting the reproductive health needs of patients with SPMI. METHODS: The target population was 44,237 residents from four medical specialties...
September 22, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939306/training-surgeons-and-anesthesiologists-to-facilitate-end-of-life-conversations-with-patients-and-families-a-systematic-review-of-existing-educational-models
#20
Katherine E Bakke, Stephen P Miranda, Manuel Castillo-Angeles, Christy E Cauley, Elizabeth J Lilley, Rachelle Bernacki, Angela M Bader, Richard D Urman, Zara Cooper
OBJECTIVE: Despite caring for patients near the end-of-life (EOL), surgeons and anesthesiologists report low confidence in their ability to facilitate EOL conversations. This discrepancy exists despite competency requirements and professional medical society recommendations. The objective of this systematic review is to identify articles describing EOL communication training available to surgeons and anesthesiologists, and to assess their methodological rigor to inform future curricular design and evaluation...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
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