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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676608/exercise-is-medicine-student-pharmacists-perceptions-and-knowledge-of-exercise-prescription
#1
Amie J Dirks-Naylor, Carrie L Griffiths, Mark A Bush
With healthcare costs on the rise, a global initiative was launched in 2007, called Exercise is Medicine, to prescribe and counsel patients on exercise to aid in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases. Since community pharmacists are one of the most accessible healthcare providers, this is an opportunity for pharmacists to also engage in this initiative. This study aimed to assess pharmacy student perceptions and knowledge on exercise to determine whether they are adequately prepared to counsel patients on exercise prescription...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670414/integration-of-leadership-training-into-a-problem-case-based-learning-program-for-first-and-second-year-medical-students
#2
Samara B Ginzburg, Susan Deutsch, Jaclyn Bellissimo, David E Elkowitz, Joel Nh Stern, Robert Lucito
Purpose: The evolution of health care systems in response to societal and financial pressures has changed care delivery models, which presents new challenges for physicians. Leadership training is increasingly being recognized as an essential component of medical education training to prepare physicians to meet these needs. Unfortunately, most medical schools do not include leadership training. It has been suggested that a longitudinal and integrated approach to leadership training should be sought...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667239/evaluation-of-a-nursing-student-health-fair-program-meeting-curricular-standards-and-improving-community-members-health
#3
John P Salerno, Evan McEwing, Yui Matsuda, Rosa M Gonzalez-Guarda, Olutola Ogunrinde, Mona Azaiza, Jessica R Williams
BACKGROUND: Public health nursing (PHN) is an essential component of baccalaureate nursing education. In order to build PHN competencies, universities must design and operationalize meaningful clinical activities addressing community and population health. Currently, there is a paucity of literature delineating best practices for promoting competency in PHN. AIMS: The purpose of this manuscript is to describe a PHN-student health fair program as a means for meeting undergraduate PHN curricular standards, and to report results of an evaluation conducted examining its effectiveness in improving community member's health knowledge...
April 17, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658367/the-evolution-of-graduate-medical-education-over-the-past-decade-building-a-new-pediatric-residency-program-in-an-era-of-innovation
#4
Raquel G Hernandez, Akshata Hopkins, Robert A Dudas
AIM: In 2011, Johns Hopkins Medicine integrated with All Children's Hospital in St. Petersburg Florida to create an academic campus nearly 1000 miles from Baltimore. In 2014, the newly named Johns Hopkins All Children's Hospital established a new pediatric residency program. At that time, the Association for Graduate Medical Education had not accredited a new pediatric program in the USA in over 10 years. METHODS: A unique set of circumstances provided an opportunity for program developers to build the residency under newly identified core tenets to create a number of innovative features targeted to address the many calls for change in graduate medical education...
April 14, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657334/awareness-analysis-and-action-curricular-alignment-for-student-success-in-general-chemistry
#5
Sarah Jewett, Kathy Sutphin, Tiffany Gierasch, Pauline Hamilton, Kathleen Lilly, Kristine Miller, Donald Newlin, Richard Pires, Maureen Sherer, William R LaCourse
This article examines the ways that a shared faculty experience across five partner institutions led to a deep awareness of the curriculum and pedagogy of general chemistry coursework, and ultimately, to a collaborative action plan for student success. The team identified key differences and similarities in course content and instructional experiences. The comparative analysis yielded many more similarities than differences, and therefore, the team shifted its focus from "gap analysis" to an exploration of common curricular challenges...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Chemical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623465/does-medical-students-personality-have-an-impact-on-their-intention-to-show-empathic-behavior
#6
Tamara Seitz, Angelika S Längle, Charles Seidman, Henriette Löffler-Stastka
Several studies have demonstrated a correlation between specific personal traits and empathy. However, it is not clear if persons with certain personality traits lack the intent to show empathic behavior or if other factors independent of their intent are affecting their empathic behavior. To answer this question, we asked 132 medical students to fill out questionnaires evaluating the General Intention to Show Empathic Behavior (GISEB) and the five personality traits measured by NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI)...
April 6, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621799/curriculum-based-language-assessment-with-culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-students-in-the-context-of-mathematics
#7
Brandi L Newkirk-Turner, Valerie E Johnson
Purpose: The purpose of this tutorial is to discuss the use of curriculum-based language assessment (CBLA) with students who are English language learners and students who speak nonmainstream varieties of English, such as African American English. Method: The article begins with a discussion of the discourse of mathematics and the role of the speech-language pathologist (SLP), followed by a review of studies that includes those that examined the performance of English language learner and nonmainstream dialect-speaking students on word-based math items...
April 5, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615090/adolescent-mental-health-education-inscied-out-a-case-study-of-an-alternative-middle-school-population
#8
Joanna Yang, Roberto Lopez Cervera, Susannah J Tye, Stephen C Ekker, Chris Pierret
BACKGROUND: Mental illness contributes substantially to global disease burden, particularly when illness onset occurs during youth and help-seeking is delayed and/or limited. Yet, few mental health promotion interventions target youth, particularly those with or at high risk of developing mental illness ("at-risk" youth). Community-based translational research has the capacity to identify and intervene upon barriers to positive health outcomes. This is especially important for integrated care in at-risk youth populations...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611510/trends-in-public-and-global-health-education-among-nationally-recognized-undergraduate-liberal-arts-colleges-in-the-united-states
#9
Patrick A Robinson, Kate K Orroth, Lauren A Stutts, Patrick A Baron, David R Wessner
The prevalence of public health and global health (PH/GH) curricular offerings appear to be increasing in terms of undergraduate curricula and in the context of liberal arts education in the United States. Liberal arts colleges (LACs) represent stand-alone institutions, which exclusively focus on undergraduate education. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of PH/GH study pathways and PH/GH course offerings among LACs. All LACs identified through the US News and World Report (USNWR) college rankings were contacted with a survey about the following: formal majors, minors, or concentrations in PH/GH; independent study (IS) pathways for PH/GH; specific PH/GH courses offered; and the number of students graduating in 2016, 2017, and 2018 with formal and IS degrees in PH/GH...
April 2, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610416/a-health-care-transition-curriculum-for-primary-care-residents-identifying-goals-and-objectives
#10
Alice A Kuo, Mary R Ciccarelli, Niraj Sharma, Debra S Lotstein
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The transition from pediatric to adult health care is a vulnerable period for youth with special health care needs. Although successful transitions are recognized as critical for improving adult outcomes and reducing health care utilization and cost, an educational gap in health care transitions for physicians persists. Our aim with this project was to develop a national health care transition residency curriculum for primary care physicians, using an expert-based, consensus-building process...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606655/should-dental-schools-invest-in-training-predoctoral-students-for-academic-careers-two-viewpoints-viewpoint-1-dental-schools-should-add-academic-careers-training-to-their-predoctoral-curricula-to-enhance-faculty-recruitment-and-viewpoint-2-addition-of-academic
#11
Brent Fung, Mahnaz Fatahzadeh, Keith L Kirkwood, Jeffery Hicks, Sherry R Timmons
This Point/Counterpoint considers whether providing dental students with academic career training and teaching experiences during their predoctoral education would be valuable to recruit dental academicians. While training the next generation of dentists continues to be the primary focus for dental schools, the cultivation and recruitment of dental faculty members from the pool of dental students remain challenges. Viewpoint 1 supports the position that providing dental students with exposure to academic career opportunities has positive value in recruiting new dental faculty...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606413/fellowship-training-in-extracorporeal-life-support-characterization-and-educational-needs-assessment
#12
Mackenzie R Cook, Jenelle Badulak, Başak Çoruh, Laszlo N Kiraly, David Zonies, Joseph Cuschieri, Eileen M Bulger
PURPOSE: Adult Extracorporeal Life Support (ECLS) use is rapidly increasing. The structure of fellowship ECLS education is unknown. We sought to define current ECLS education and identify curricular needs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous survey with Likert, binary and free response questions was sent to Critical Care Program Directors (CCPDs). RESULTS: A total of 103 CCPDs responded, a response rate of 31. ECLS training was provided by 64% (66/103) of fellowships...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587567/exploring-moral-problems-and-moral-competences-in-midwifery-a-qualitative-study
#13
Stephan Oelhafen, Settimio Monteverde, Eva Cignacco
BACKGROUND: Most undergraduate midwifery curricula comprise ethics courses to strengthen the moral competences of future midwives. By contrast, surprisingly little is known about the specific moral competences considered to be relevant for midwifery practice. Describing these competences not only depends on generic assumptions about the moral nature of midwifery practice but also reflects which issues practitioners themselves classify as moral. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to gain insight into the ethical issues midwives encounter in their daily work, the key competences and resources they consider indispensable to understand and deal with them, and to assess phenomena linked to moral distress...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582060/resident-and-faculty-attitudes-toward-osteopathic-focused-education
#14
Laura K Hempstead, Beth Rosemergey, Steven Foote, Kelly Swade, Karen B Williams
Context: The transition period for the single accreditation system for graduate medical education under the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) began on July 1, 2015, and will end June 30, 2020. As of February 5, 2018, 82.6% of residency programs accredited by the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) have applied for or achieved ACGME accreditation and 160 programs have applied for or achieved osteopathic recognition. Objective: To assess baseline attitudes of osteopathic and allopathic faculty and residents in AOA-accredited and dually accredited residency programs regarding the value of osteopathic-focused educational curricula and mentors...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580252/early-musculoskeletal-classroom-education-confers-little-advantage-to-medical-student-knowledge-and-competency-in-the-absence-of-clinical-experiences-a-retrospective-comparison-study
#15
Derek Khorsand, Ansab Khwaja, Gregory A Schmale
BACKGROUND: Deficiencies in medical student knowledge in musculoskeletal medicine have been well documented. To address these deficiencies, numerous curricular changes at our institution were instituted. The objective of this study was to determine whether medical students in their preclinical years benefit from early exposure to musculoskeletal medicine when compared to students exposed to musculoskeletal medicine just prior to completion of their preclinical curriculum. METHODS: United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 and 2 scores were compared for periods of time before and after institution of the new curriculum...
March 27, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578550/training-residents-in-hospital-medicine-the-hospitalist-elective-national-survey
#16
Steven Ludwin, James D Harrison, Sumant Ranji, Bradley A Sharpe, Patrick Kneeland
As the field of hospital medicine expands, internal medicine residency programs can play a role in preparing future hospitalists. To date, little is known of the prevalence and characteristics of hospitalist-focused resident rotations. We surveyed the largest 100 Internal Medicine Residency Programs to better understand the prevalence, objectives, and structure of hospitalist-focused rotations in the United States. Residency leaders from 82 programs responded (82%). The prevalence of hospitalist-focused rotations was 50% (41/82) with an additional 9 programs (11%) planning to start one...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577771/a-participatory-process-to-engage-appalachian-youth-in-reducing-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption
#17
Hannah G Lane, Kathleen J Porter, Erin Hecht, Priscilla Harris, Jamie M Zoellner
Children and adolescents consume excessive amounts of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), which are associated with adverse health outcomes. We describe a yearlong participatory research study to reduce SSBs in Central Appalachia, where excessive consumption is particularly prevalent. This study was conducted in partnership with a community advisory board in Southwest Virginia. Nine "youth ambassadors," aged 10 to 13 years helped to systematically adapt SIPsmartER, an effective theory-based program for Appalachian adults, to be age and culturally appropriate and meet desired theoretical objectives...
March 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560761/educational-renewal-of-physician-training-in-australia-and-new-zealand-multiple-educational-innovations-in-a-complex-environment
#18
Rebecca Udemans, Marie-Louise Stokes, Louise Rigby, Priya Khanna, Jonathan Christiansen
AIM: The Royal Australasian College of Physicians is renewing its specialty training programs and shifting towards competency-based medical education. Our aim is to improve the quality and rigor of training and graduate outcomes, and promote high standards of physician practice to serve the health of patients, families, and communities in a changing healthcare environment. METHODS: We are progressing holistic change and multiple educational innovations in a complex environment...
March 21, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560556/evolution-of-students-varied-conceptualizations-about-socially-responsible-engineering-a-four-year-longitudinal-study
#19
Greg Rulifson, Angela R Bielefeldt
Engineers should learn how to act on their responsibility to society during their education. At present, however, it is unknown what students think about the meaning of socially responsible engineering. This paper synthesizes 4 years of longitudinal interviews with engineering students as they progressed through college. The interviews revolved broadly around how students saw the connections between engineering and social responsibility, and what influenced these ideas. Using the Weidman Input-Environment-Output model as a framework, this research found that influences included required classes such as engineering ethics, capstone design, and some technical courses, pre-college volunteering and familial values, co-curricular groups such as Engineers Without Borders and the Society of Women Engineers, as well as professional experiences through internships...
March 20, 2018: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560061/educator-toolkits-on-second-victim-syndrome-mindfulness-and-meditation-and-positive-psychology-the-2017-resident-wellness-consensus-summit
#20
Arlene S Chung, Jon Smart, Michael Zdradzinski, Sarah Roth, Alecia Gende, Kylie Conroy, Nicole Battaglioli
Introduction: Burnout, depression, and suicidality among residents of all specialties have become a critical focus of attention for the medical education community. Methods: As part of the 2017 Resident Wellness Consensus Summit in Las Vegas, Nevada, resident participants from 31 programs collaborated in the Educator Toolkit workgroup. Over a seven-month period leading up to the summit, this workgroup convened virtually in the Wellness Think Tank, an online resident community, to perform a literature review and draft curricular plans on three core wellness topics...
March 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
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