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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635122/sketching-the-invisible-to-predict-the-visible-from-drawing-to-modeling-in-chemistry
#1
Melanie M Cooper, Mike Stieff, Dane DeSutter
Sketching as a scientific practice goes beyond the simple act of inscribing diagrams onto paper. Scientists produce a wide range of representations through sketching, as it is tightly coupled to model-based reasoning. Chemists in particular make extensive use of sketches to reason about chemical phenomena and to communicate their ideas. However, the chemical sciences have a unique problem in that chemists deal with the unseen world of the atomic-molecular level. Using sketches, chemists strive to develop causal mechanisms that emerge from the structure and behavior of molecular-level entities, to explain observations of the macroscopic visible world...
June 21, 2017: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634908/an-entrustable-professional-activity-epa-based-framework-to-prepare-fourth-year-medical-students-for-internal-medicine-careers
#2
D Michael Elnicki, Meenakshy K Aiyer, Maria L Cannarozzi, Alexander Carbo, Paul R Chelminski, Shobhina G Chheda, Saumil M Chudgar, Heather E Harrell, L Chad Hood, Michelle Horn, Karnjit Johl, Gregory C Kane, Diana B McNeill, Marty D Muntz, Anne G Pereira, Emily Stewart, Heather Tarantino, T Robert Vu
The purpose of the fourth year of medical school remains controversial. Competing demands during this transitional phase cause confusion for students and educators. In 2014, the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) released 13 Core Entrustable Professional Activities for Entering Residency (CEPAERs). A committee comprising members of the Clerkship Directors in Internal Medicine and the Association of Program Directors in Internal Medicine applied these principles to preparing students for internal medicine residencies...
June 20, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633170/teaching-primary-care-genetics-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparison
#3
Deanna Telner, June C Carroll, Glenn Regehr, Diana Tabak, Kara Semotiuk, Risa Freeman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Given the increasing discussions of the impact of genetic medicine within family medicine, it is important to determine the most effective way of teaching this material to family medicine residents (FMRs). The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the impact of three methods of delivering primary care genetic content to FMRs. METHODS: Curriculum materials and assessment tools were created to teach and evaluate knowledge, skills, and attitudes around four core competencies in primary care genetics, with a focus on hereditary colorectal cancer (CRC)...
June 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633169/untapped-potential-performance-of-procedural-skills-in-the-family-medicine-clerkship
#4
Martina Kelly, Kelly M Everard, Lara Nixon, Alexander Chessman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: While family medicine residency directors have expressed concern about low procedural skills proficiency among incoming residents, curricular recommendations do not provide widely accepted guidance. This study was designed to describe requirements and experiences in procedural skill training during the family medicine clerkship and test the hypothesis that more rural placements may support this training. METHODS: The survey was conducted as part of the CAFM Educational Research Alliance (CERA) Family Medicine Clerkship Director (CD) 2013 survey...
June 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632010/designing-a-national-longitudinal-faculty-development-curriculum-focused-on-educational-scholarship-process-outcomes-and-lessons-learned
#5
Latha Chandran, Maryellen E Gusic, J Lindsey Lane, Constance D Baldwin
PROBLEM: Clinical educators at U.S. academic health centers are frequently disadvantaged in the academic promotion system, lacking needed faculty development, mentoring, and networking support. INTERVENTION: In 2006, we implemented the national Educational Scholars Program to offer faculty development in educational scholarship for early career educators in pediatrics. We aimed to provide them with skills, experience, and initial success in educational scholarship and dissemination...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632007/what-do-medical-students-do-for-self-care-a-student-centered-approach-to-well-being
#6
Erin E Ayala, Aisha M Omorodion, Dennis Nmecha, Jeffrey S Winseman, Hyacinth R C Mason
Phenomenon: Despite the promotion of medical student health and wellness through recent program and curricular changes, research continues to show that medical education is associated with decreased well-being in medical students. Although many institutions have sought to more effectively assess and improve self-care in medical students, no self-care initiatives have been designed using the explicit perspectives of students themselves. APPROACH: Using concept mapping methodology, the research team created a student-generated taxonomy of self-care behaviors taken from a national sample of medical students in response to a brainstorming prompt...
February 16, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630518/a-call-for-an-integrated-program-of-assessment
#7
REVIEW
David W Fielding, Glenn Regehr
An integrated curriculum that does not incorporate equally integrated assessment strategies is likely to prove ineffective in achieving the desired educational outcomes. We suggest it is time for colleges and schools of pharmacy to re-engineer their approach to assessment. To build the case, we first discuss the challenges leading to the need for curricular developments in pharmacy education. We then turn to the literature that informs how assessment can influence learning, introduce an approach to learning assessment that is being used by several medical education programs, and provide some examples of this approach in operation...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628732/understanding-neurophobia-reasons-behind-impaired-understanding-and-learning-of-neuroanatomy-in-cross-disciplinary-healthcare-students
#8
Muhammad Asim Javaid, Shelly Chakraborty, John F Cryan, Harriët Schellekens, André Toulouse
Recent studies have highlighted a fear or difficulty with the study and understanding of neuroanatomy among medical and healthcare students. This has been linked with a diminished confidence of clinical practitioners and students to manage patients with neurological conditions. The underlying reasons for this difficulty have been queried among a broad cohort of medical, dental, occupational therapy, and speech and language sciences students. Direct evidence of the students' perception regarding specific difficulties associated with learning neuroanatomy has been provided and some of the measures required to address these issues have been identified...
June 19, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628720/cost-effective-teaching-of-radiology-with-preclinical-anatomy
#9
James S Wilson, Jacqueline Alvarez, Bonnie C Davis, Andre J Duerinckx
Graduating physicians in all subspecialties have an increased need for competency in radiology, particularly since the use of diagnostic imaging continues to grow. To integrate the teaching of radiology with anatomy during the first year of medical school at Howard University, a novel approach was developed to overcome the limitations of resources including funding, faculty, and curricular time. The resulting program relies on self-study and peer-to-peer interactions to develop proficiency at manipulating free versions of medical image viewer software (using the DICOM standard), identifying normal anatomy in medical images, and applying critical thinking skills to understand common clinical conditions...
June 19, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622057/sending-messages-how-faculty-influence-professionalism-teaching-and-learning
#10
Lorraine Hawick, Jennifer Cleland, Simon Kitto
BACKGROUND: Ambiguity in understanding what "professionalism" means, and uncertainty in how best to teach it, remains. This study aimed to explore experiences of senior faculty in their endeavor to develop and include professionalism within a curriculum reform (CR), and illuminate challenges encountered. METHODS: Using a qualitative case study approach, data were collected from interviews with faculty who were involved in a major CR, plus archived document analysis to provide context, and aid triangulation...
June 16, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619409/student-reflection-papers-on-a-global-clinical-experience-a-qualitative-study
#11
Carmi Z Margolis, Robert M Rohrbaugh, Luisa Tsang, Jennifer Fleischer, Mark J Graham, Anne Kellett, Janet P Hafler
BACKGROUND: Many of the 70,000 graduating US medical students [per year] have reported participating in a global health activity at some stage of medical school. This case study design provided a method for understanding the student's experience that included student's learning about culture, health disparities, exposure and reaction to a range of diseases actually encountered. The broad diversity of themes among students indicated that the GCE provided a flexible, personalized experience...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616505/one-health-in-food-safety-and-security-education-subject-matter-outline-for-a-curricular-framework
#12
John A Angelos, Amanda L Arens, Heather A Johnson, Jessica L Cadriel, Bennie I Osburn
Educating students in the range of subjects encompassing food safety and security as approached from a One Health perspective requires consideration of a variety of different disciplines and the interrelationships among disciplines. The Western Institute for Food Safety and Security developed a subject matter outline to accompany a previously published One Health in food safety and security curricular framework. The subject matter covered in this outline encompasses a variety of topics and disciplines related to food safety and security including effects of food production on the environment...
June 2017: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607143/education-research-positive-effect-of-scheduled-faculty-modeling-on-clerkship-student-bedside-skills-exposure-and-learning
#13
Robert Thompson Stone, Trenton Tollefson, Ronald Epstein, Ralph F Jozefowicz, Jonathan W Mink
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of scheduled bedside skills modeling for third-year medical students on their neurology clerkship. METHODS: During the 2012-2014 academic years, 56 third-year medical students participated in a curricular pilot program involving a scheduled bedside skills modeling experience during the first week of their neurology clerkship, whereas 131 students underwent the typical rotation. The experience consisted of observing a faculty member conduct a comprehensive encounter on a new outpatient...
June 13, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604015/one-size-doesn-t-fit-all-a-trial-of-individually-tailored-skills-training
#14
Sarah I Pratt, Kim T Mueser, Rosemarie Wolfe, Meghan M Santos, Stephen J Bartels
OBJECTIVES: This article describes a pilot test of an individually tailored program to improve community living and health self-management skills in older adults with serious mental illness. METHOD: This study provided the Helping Older People Experience Success-Individually Tailored (HOPES-I) intervention, an adaptation of an empirically supported, manualized, group-based skills training program shown to improve community functioning, psychiatric symptoms, self-efficacy, and receipt of preventive health...
June 12, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602566/dis-integration-of-communication-in-healthcare-education-workplace-learning-challenges-and-opportunities
#15
Marcy E Rosenbaum
The purpose of this paper, based on a 2016 Heidelberg International Conference on Communication in Healthcare (ICCH) plenary presentation, is to examine a key problem in communication skills training for health professional learners. Studies have pointed to a decline in medical students' communication skills and attitudes as they proceed through their education, particularly during their clinical workplace training experiences. This paper explores some of the key factors in this disintegration, drawing on selected literature and highlighting some curriculum efforts and research conducted at the University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine as a case study of these issues...
June 3, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600448/development-of-a-curricular-framework-for-pediatric-hospital-medicine-fellowships
#16
Karen E Jerardi, Erin Fisher, Caroline Rassbach, Jennifer Maniscalco, Rebecca Blankenburg, Lindsay Chase, Neha Shah
Pediatric Hospital Medicine (PHM) is an emerging field in pediatrics and one that has experienced immense growth and maturation in a short period of time. Evolution and rapid expansion of the field invigorated the goal of standardizing PHM fellowship curricula, which naturally aligned with the field's evolving pursuit of a defined identity and consideration of certification options. The national group of PHM fellowship program directors sought to establish curricular standards that would more accurately reflect the competencies needed to practice pediatric hospital medicine and meet future board certification needs...
June 9, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598748/implementing-competency-based-medical-education-what-changes-in-curricular-structure-and-processes-are-needed
#17
Markku T Nousiainen, Kelly J Caverzagie, Peter C Ferguson, Jason R Frank
Medical educators must prepare for a number of challenges when they decide to implement a competency-based curriculum. Many of these challenges will pertain to three key aspects of implementation: organizing the structural changes that will be necessary to deliver new curricula and methods of assessment; modifying the processes of teaching and evaluation; and helping to change the culture of education so that the CBME paradigm gains acceptance. This paper focuses on nine key considerations that will support positive change in first two of these areas...
June 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598737/twelve-tips-for-conducting-successful-multiple-patient-encounter-simulations-simultaneous-simulations
#18
Craig Brown, Ian Thomas
Multiple patient encounter simulations (MPES), whereby learners are exposed to a number of simulated patients simultaneously, are gaining popularity as a method to address curricular gaps. Whilst this approach offers a host of benefits to educators and learners in ways single patient encounter simulations cannot, it also has significant challenges with regards to its implementation. We describe twelve tips for conducting successful MPES, divided into pre-, intra- and post-simulation considerations. By adhering to these twelve tips, educators can plan successful, fiscally responsible, well-organized, structured sessions for all learners (active and observing) that will achieve the learning outcomes desired using this advanced method of simulation...
June 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597585/psychosocial-functioning-in-adolescents-with-and-without-borderline-personality-disorder
#19
Ueli Kramer, Christina M Temes, Laura R Magni, Garrett M Fitzmaurice, Blaise A Aguirre, Marianne Goodman, Mary C Zanarini
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the psychosocial functioning of adolescents with borderline personality disorder (BPD). The main objective of this paper is to compare the psychosocial functioning of a group of adolescents with BPD to a group of psychiatrically healthy adolescents. METHODS: The present cross-sectional study included 104 adolescent inpatients with BPD, compared with 60 age-matched psychiatrically healthy comparison subjects. All participants were rigorously diagnosed using three semi-structured interviews: the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Childhood Diagnoses, the Revised Diagnostic Interview for Borderlines and the Childhood Interview for DSM-IV Borderline Personality...
June 8, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586443/deconstructing-one-medical-school-s-pain-curriculum-ii-partnering-with-medical-students-on-an-evidence-guided-redesign
#20
Ylisabyth S Bradshaw, Neha Patel Wacks, Alejandra Perez-Tamayo, Brenden Myers, Chukwueloka Obionwu, Rebecca A Lee, Daniel B Carr
Objective.: To reshape medical education about pain to present it as a population-based public health process as well as a neuron-centered phenomenon. Design.: Collaborate with students to apply a recent inventory of pain-related preclinical curricular content and clinical training in order to modify the current multiyear presentation and offer a broadened social perspective on pain. Appraise fourth-year medical students' pain-related educational needs by surveying their knowledge, attitudes, experience with the curriculum, and self-reported assessment of pain-related competencies...
April 1, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
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