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Agathe Streiff, Barbara Orlando, Bryan Mahoney
Background: To maintain compliance with the current shift towards competency-based milestone assessment in graduate medical education, residency training programs must reflect this emphasis in their curricula starting with the intern year of training.1 In working towards collaborative efforts in curricular development between Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) anesthesiology residency programs, understanding the structure and design of the clinical base year for anesthesiology residency programs nationwide will serve as a valuable initial step...
January 2018: Journal of Education in Perioperative Medicine: JEPM
Susanne Froehlich, Florian Goebel, Adrian Meder, Janine Wirkner, Udo Obertacke, Richard Kasch
PREFACE: The surgical medical clerkship is of special importance, as the student is given the opportunity to get in touch with medical colleagues and patients for the first time, and the interest in a certain field of specialisation can be consolidated. The present study will clarify how students perceived their medical clerkship in the field of surgery. METHODS: A nationwide online survey carried out in 2012 was able to recruit 9079 participants, and contained questions about the completed curricular internships...
June 20, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Andréa Mara Bernardes da Silva, Lucas Lazarini Bim, Felipe Lazarini Bim, Alvaro Francisco Lopes Sousa, Pedro Castania Amadio Domingues, Adriana Cristina Nicolussi, Denise de Andrade
OBJECTIVE: To analyze curricular integration between teaching of patient safety and good infection prevention and control practices. METHOD: Integrative review, designed to answer the question: "How does curricular integration of content about 'patient safety teaching' and content about 'infection prevention and control practices' occur in undergraduate courses in the health field?". The following databases were searched for primary studies: CINAHL, LILACS, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, Scopus, Europe PMC and MEDLINE...
May 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Antonius Ratte, Simon Drees, Tabea Schmidt-Ott
BACKGROUND: Scientific competencies are of great importance for physicians; not only for conducting reliable research, but also for patient care. However, there is growing concern that a lack of scientific competencies among physicians may lead to a deterioration in the quality on biomedical research. This study aims at assessing medical students' perspectives on the implementation of scientific competency training in German medical curricula. METHODS: An online survey was conducted in order to collect German medical students' opinions on the importance of acquiring scientific competencies during their medical studies and to provide us with an assessment of their current levels of basic scientific competencies by having them conduct a self-evaluation...
June 19, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Saad S Alzahrani, Yoon Soo Park, Ara Tekian
PURPOSE: Study habits of medical students contribute to better understanding learner achievement and success. This study examines the relationship between study habits, including gender and nonacademic factors that affect learning, to investigate their relationship with performance outcomes. METHODS: This study was conducted in March 2015 at the College of Medicine and Applied Medical Science at Taif University. A survey was administered, measuring study habits such as study time, study partners, source of study, breaks, study interruptions, difficulty concentrating, study activity, and delayed study...
June 16, 2018: Medical Teacher
Ginger R Fisher, Jeffrey T Olimpo, Thomas M McCabe, Ryan S Pevey
Evidence indicates that students who participate in scientific research during their undergraduate experience are more likely to pursue careers in the STEM disciplines and to develop increased scientific reasoning and literacy skills. One avenue to increase student engagement in research is via their enrollment in course-based undergraduate research experiences (CUREs), where they are able to conduct authentic research as part of the laboratory curriculum. The information presented herein provides an example of a CURE which was developed and implemented in an introductory cell and molecular biology course at the University of Northern Colorado...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
Nathan V Dang, Jacob C Chiang, Heather M Brown, Kelly K McDonald
This study explores the impacts of repeated curricular activities designed to promote metacognitive skills development and academic achievement on students in an introductory biology course. Prior to this study, the course curriculum was enhanced with pre-assignments containing comprehension monitoring and self-evaluation questions, exam review assignments with reflective questions related to study habits, and an optional opportunity for students to explore metacognition and deep versus surface learning. We used a mixed-methods study design and collected data over two semesters...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
Carey S Clark
With the knowledge of psychoneuroimmunological responses and the known high stress levels of nursing students, as caring nurse educators, we have become ethically obligated to revise and re-vision our current nursing educational practices. Nurse educators should be motivated to create innovative and radical caring science curricular approaches, so that our nurses of the future are in turn supported in creating caring- healing sustainable bedside practices. This paper details the outcomes from an upper level yoga elective in an RN- BSN program...
June 13, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
Poojani Arulrajah, Sarah Steele
BACKGROUND: Human trafficking is a serious violation of human rights, with numerous consequences for health and wellbeing. Recent law and policy reforms mean that clinicians now hold a crucial role in national strategies. 2015 research, however, indicates a serious shortfall in knowledge and confidence among healthcare professionals in the UK, leading potentially to failures in safeguarding and appropriate referral. Medical education is a central point for trafficking training. We ascertain the extent of such training in UK Medical Schools, and current curricular design...
June 13, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Javier Montero-Pau, Paula Tuzón, Valentín Gavidia
OBJECTIVE: The current Organic Law for the Improvement of Educational Quality (LOMCE) incorporates substantial changes from the previous law, especially a new curricular configuration with a higher prevalence of optionality, which may affect the development of health competencies by students. The objective was to evaluate the treatment of Health Education (HE) in the last two educative Spanish laws, based on the amount and varia- bility of Health related terms that they incorporate. METHODS: A comparative quantitative analysis was performed based on the presence of 281 terms related to eight areas of Health Education in both laws and for the two compulsory education stages (Primary and Secondary)...
June 8, 2018: Revista Española de Salud Pública
Shmuel Reis
In a recent IJHPR article, Dankner et al. describe a reform in one longitudinal strand within Basic Medical Education i.e." public health and preventive medicine curriculum" using a Competency Based Medical Education approach. This reform raises several concerns: What should prompt a medical school to change a curriculum? How should such change be conducted? What kinds of paradigms may inform such a change? What constitutes a success in a curricular reform? And, how can curricular reform be evaluated within a reasonable time framework?This commentary addresses these concerns and concludes that curricular reform should follow as much as possible the current wisdom of educational innovation and change strategy, follow a clear vision, mission, and selected educational paradigm, and pay attention to stakeholders, context, culture and politics...
June 7, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Diane M Rudolphi, Jessica Madiraca, Erlinda C Wheeler
The aim of this study was to identify medical-surgical clinical error near-miss events (ENME) and causative factors as reported by senior-level nursing students. Qualitative and quantitative ENME data were obtained using a survey tool during clinical courses. Students identified cognitive and behavioral/performance issues, human factors, system issues, and communication as contributing factors, with 97 percent of the errors reported as preventable. Identifying ENMEs with causative factors may ultimately increase patient safety...
June 6, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
Leslie B Glickman
Background: The aim of this project was to strengthen rehabilitation technician education and physiotherapy practice at the Kachere Rehabilitation Centre in the less-resourced country of Malawi by enlarging and reinforcing the skills of faculty, administrators, and adjunct clinicians, and fostering their continuing professional development. Methods: The project was developed through a partnership with the Kachere Rehabilitation Centre (KRC), the Medical Rehabilitation College (MRC), and a US-trained physical therapist (a Fulbright Program Scholar - FPS)...
September 2017: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
Melissa A Wilson Sayres, Charles Hauser, Michael Sierk, Srebrenka Robic, Anne G Rosenwald, Todd M Smith, Eric W Triplett, Jason J Williams, Elizabeth Dinsdale, William R Morgan, James M Burnette, Samuel S Donovan, Jennifer C Drew, Sarah C R Elgin, Edison R Fowlks, Sebastian Galindo-Gonzalez, Anya L Goodman, Nealy F Grandgenett, Carlos C Goller, John R Jungck, Jeffrey D Newman, William Pearson, Elizabeth F Ryder, Rafael Tosado-Acevedo, William Tapprich, Tammy C Tobin, Arlín Toro-Martínez, Lonnie R Welch, Robin Wright, Lindsay Barone, David Ebenbach, Mindy McWilliams, Kimberly C Olney, Mark A Pauley
Although bioinformatics is becoming increasingly central to research in the life sciences, bioinformatics skills and knowledge are not well integrated into undergraduate biology education. This curricular gap prevents biology students from harnessing the full potential of their education, limiting their career opportunities and slowing research innovation. To advance the integration of bioinformatics into life sciences education, a framework of core bioinformatics competencies is needed. To that end, we here report the results of a survey of biology faculty in the United States about teaching bioinformatics to undergraduate life scientists...
2018: PloS One
Joyce A Shanty, Theresa Gropelli
AIMS: Having a culture of safety in an organization is necessary for providers to feel comfortable reporting and discussing medical errors so that solutions can be devised to decrease their occurrence. The purpose of this study was to describe self-reported patient safety competence among nursing, respiratory care, and nuclear medicine technology students. DESIGN: A descriptive study was conducted in a public university. All junior- and senior-level students in nursing, respiratory care, and nuclear medicine technology were asked to complete the Health Professional Education in Patient Safety Survey (H-PEPSS) to assess their perceptions of safety education in the classroom and clinical settings...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Chad Cook, Christine McCallum, Gina M Musolino, Michael Reiman, J Kyle Covington
BACKGROUND: Physical therapist program level successes have been associated with cognitive and noncognitive predictors. To our knowledge, no studies in physical therapy have explored predictive criteria for positive professional performance (PPP) in one's career beyond an educational program. The two-fold purpose of this study was to analyze what traits were key indicators of PPP beyond one's academic preparation, with secondary goal to determine whether traits related to PPP could be mediated by academic preparation...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Jacob M Shivley, Wilson C Brookshire, Philip A Bushby, Kimberly A Woodruff
Referral-level medicine is important in the veterinary curriculum, however veterinary students also need a solid base knowledge of clinically relevant, routine surgical and diagnostic skills to be clinically prepared after graduation. Exposure to a referral-only, or primarily referral caseload, does not always provide veterinary students with the routine hands-on experiences and competencies expected by the American Veterinary Medical Association Council on Education, the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons, the Australian Veterinary Boards Council, or prospective employers...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Hoai-An Truong, Michelle J Gorman, Meghan East, Dennis W Klima, Katherine A Hinderer, G Lawrence Hogue, Voncelia Brown, Robert L Joyner
Health care professionals working collaboratively on interprofessional teams are essential to optimize patient-centered care. Collaboration and teamwork can be best achieved if interprofessional education (IPE) starts early for health professions students. This commentary describes the formation, implementation, impact, and lessons learned from students' curricular and co-curricular activities and faculty collaboration over a five-year trajectory of the Eastern Shore Collaborative for Interprofessional Education (ESCIPE)...
May 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Susan S Vos, Ashley Sabus, Jennifer Seyfer, Laura Umlah, Colleen Gross-Advani, Jackie Thompson-Oster
Objective. To illustrate a method for integrating co-curricular activities, quantify co-curricular activities, and evaluate student perception of achievement of goals. Methods. Throughout a longitudinal course, students engaged in self-selected, co-curricular activities in three categories: professional service, leadership, and community engagement. Hours were documented online with minimum course requirements. Students reflected on experiences and assessed goal attainment. Assignments were reviewed by faculty and feedback was given to each student...
May 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Samuel N Dubin, Ian T Nolan, Carl G Streed, Richard E Greene, Asa E Radix, Shane D Morrison
Background: A growing body of research continues to elucidate health inequities experienced by transgender individuals and further underscores the need for medical providers to be appropriately trained to deliver care to this population. Medical education in transgender health can empower physicians to identify and change the systemic barriers to care that cause transgender health inequities as well as improve knowledge about transgender-specific care. Methods: We conducted structured searches of five databases to identify literature related to medical education and transgender health...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
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