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Surgical mesh

Muhammad Sohail Umerani, Hira Burhan, Salman Sharif, Tauqir Ul Islam, Mehak Hafiz Ghaziani
Orbital roof defects are rare congenital osseous abnormalities that cause protrusion of intracranial contents into the orbit, resulting in a condition known as the orbital meningoencephalocele, a rare cause of pulsatile proptosis. We present a case of a 25-year-old lady, presented to us with complaints of left frontal headache, left eye protrusion and double vision from the left eye for the past three months. Her higher mental functions were intact. Local examination revealed non-axial pulsatile proptosis and an outward depression of the left eyeball along with diplopia...
January 15, 2018: Curēus
Xiu-Ying Zhang, Yusuke Yanagi, Zijing Sheng, Kouji Nagata, Koichi Nakayama, Tomoaki Taguchi
Neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia often require surgical defect closure with a patch. Alternatives to native diaphragmatic tissue are critically needed for this paediatric surgery. The clinical efficacy of mesh patches is limited by complications associated with residual foreign material and by hernia recurrence. In this study, we used a novel bio-3D printer method to generate large scaffold-free tissue patches composed of human cells. The resulting large tissue constructs had high elasticity and strength...
March 9, 2018: Biomaterials
Nicole Welsch, Ashley C Brown, Thomas H Barker, L Andrew Lyon
Excessive bleeding and resulting complications are a major cause of death in both trauma and surgical settings. Recently, there have been a number of investigations into the design of synthetic hemostatic agents with platelet-mimicking activity to effectively treat patients suffering from severe hemorrhage. We developed platelet-like particles from microgels composed of polymers carrying polyethylene glycol (PEG) side-chains and fibrin-targeting single domain variable fragment antibodies (PEG-PLPs). Comparable to natural platelets, PEG-PLPs were found to enhance the fibrin network formation in vitro through strong adhesion to the emerging fibrin clot and physical, non-covalent cross-linking of nascent fibrin fibers...
March 2, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Laura N Nguyen, Morgan Gruner, Kim A Killinger, Kenneth M Peters, Judith A Boura, Michelle Jankowski, Larry T Sirls
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate additional treatments, symptoms, satisfaction and quality of life 1 year after vaginal and abdominal pelvic organ prolapse (POP) repair. METHODS: Adult women enrolled in a prospective POP database were reviewed. Baseline and outcomes data 1 year after surgery were collected including the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI) and mailed surveys. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, Fisher's exact tests and t tests. RESULTS: Of 222 women, 147 (66%) had vaginal and 75 (34%) had abdominal repair...
March 16, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
Sabrina Rampado, Edoardo Savarino, Angelica Ganss, Giulia Pozza, Romeo Bardini
PURPOSE: The failure rate of laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery is approximately 10-20%. The aim of our prospective study was to investigate whether a modified Nissen fundoplication (MNF) can improve reflux symptoms and prevent surgical treatment failure in the midterm. METHODS: The MNF consisted of (1) suturing the esophagus to the diaphragmatic crura on each side using four non-absorbable stitches, (2) reinforcing clearly weak crura with a tailored Ultrapro mesh, and (3) fixing the upper stitch of the valve to the diaphragm...
March 17, 2018: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
Nicholas Golda, Stephen Beeson, Nita Kohli, Brandon Merrill
The relationship between patient experience and health care quality has generated significant interest in the patient experience measure. However, it is challenging to find information on how to improve one's patient experience score because scientific data on this topic are weak or lacking, and suggestions provided by scoring vendors are often overgeneralized and not specialty-specific. This review will focus on the current state of evidence supporting factors influencing patient experience (both positive and negative) in outpatient specialist encounters that are applicable to general and surgical dermatology...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Supriya Mallick, Rony Benson, Goura K Rath
Introduction: Extraventricular neurocytoma is a rare neuronal tumor arising outside the ventricles. However, because of its rarity, its optimum treatment remains undefined. Materials and Methods: We intended to perform an individual patient data analysis to examine the patterns of care and prognostic factors involved in the treatment of extraventricular neurocytomas. PubMed, SCOPUS, and Google Scholar were searched with the following MeSH terms: "Neurocytoma, Extra ventricular neurocytoma, Spinal neurocytoma AND treatment, Survival" to find all possible publications pertaining to EVN...
March 2018: Neurology India
Carlo Doria, Giulia Raffaella Mosele, Massimo Balsano, Gianluca Maestretti, Gianfilippo Caggiari
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the results on anterior decompression and fusion with titanium mesh or expanding cage and plate fixation in patients with cervical myelopathy. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective multicentric review of 114 patients, 75 males and 39 females, with cervical myelopathy who underwent surgical treatment between July 2009 to December 2011. All surgeries were performed via a ventral approach. Based on the type of surgery the patients received, they were divided into 3 groups: group 1 consisted of 49 patients who received multilevel corpectomies and fusion with strut iliac bone graft and plates; group 2 consisted of 26 patients who received multilevel corpectomies and fusion with titanium expanding cage and plating; group 3 consisted of 39 patients who received multilevel corpectomies and fusion using titanium mesh with autologous bone graft and anterior plating...
March 12, 2018: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Long Chen, Wen Tang, Nigel W John, Tao Ruan Wan, Jian Jun Zhang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: While Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) offers considerable benefits to patients, it also imposes big challenges on a surgeon's performance due to well-known issues and restrictions associated with the field of view (FOV), hand-eye misalignment and disorientation, as well as the lack of stereoscopic depth perception in monocular endoscopy. Augmented Reality (AR) technology can help to overcome these limitations by augmenting the real scene with annotations, labels, tumour measurements or even a 3D reconstruction of anatomy structures at the target surgical locations...
May 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Yuji Otsuki, Hirofumi Konn, Keisa Takeda, Masahiko Koike
Obturator hernia (OH) is a rare condition that accounts for 0.073-1% of abdominal hernias and 0.48% of bowel obstructions. OH frequently occurs in elderly women, with an incidence that increases with age. The only treatment for OH is surgical intervention, and the approaches used vary greatly. Consequently, a well-defined consensus has not yet emerged. We assessed the efficiency and safety of the midline extraperitoneal approach for OH. Six patients with OH repaired using the midline extraperitoneal approach at KKR Sapporo Medical Center between April 2011 and January 2016 were included in the study...
March 14, 2018: Keio Journal of Medicine
Danilo Italo Pio Buca, Marco Liberati, Eleonora Falò, Martina Leombroni, Maria Di Giminiani, Marta Di Nicola, Alessandro Santarelli, Franco Frondaroli, Francesco Fanfani
Female pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common condition and the correction of prolapse remains a major challenge for the surgical community. A retrospective study of women with POP undergoing pelvic reconstructive surgery with the Elevate System followed-up for 48 months. A total of 138 women with POP were included in the study. We observed an objective cure rate of 94.9% for the anterior wall after 4 years' follow-up. The subjective cure rate was 97.1%. Improvement in the urinary symptoms was seen after the surgery: the number of asymptomatic patients increased from 14...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Jun Kamei, Satoshi Yazawa, Shingo Yamamoto, Naoto Kaburaki, Satoru Takahashi, Masami Takeyama, Masayasu Koyama, Yukio Homma, Soichi Arakawa, Hiroshi Kiyota
AIMS: We conducted a nationwide survey on perioperative management and antimicrobial prophylaxis of transvaginal mesh surgeries for pelvic organ prolapse in Japan to understand the practice and risk factors for surgical site infection (SSI). METHODS: Health records of women undergoing tension-free vaginal mesh (TVM) surgeries from 2010 to 2012 were obtained from 135 medical centers belonging to the Japanese Society of Pelvic Organ Prolapse Surgery. The questionnaire addressed hospital volume, perioperative management, and SSI...
March 11, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Rajiv N Srinivasa, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, Joseph J Gemmete, Anthony N Hage, Ravi N Srinivasa
INTRODUCTION: To report the technical and clinical success of performing minimally invasive endolymphatic embolization in neonates presenting with a chylothorax or chylous ascites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 3 neonates, 2 males and 1 female, with a mean age of 28 days (range: 19-39 days) presented with a chylothorax (2) or chylous ascites (1) which was refractory to conservative management. All 3 patients (1 previously reported) underwent intranodal lymphangiography followed by thoracic duct embolization with 1 patient undergoing additional sclerosis of the retroperitoneal abdominal lymphatics...
March 7, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Faysal A Yafi, Robert Andrianne, Laith Alzweri, Jeffrey Brady, Michael Butcher, Daniel Chevalier, Kenneth J DeLay, Antoine Faix, Georgios Hatzichristodoulou, Wayne J G Hellstrom, Lawrence Jenkins, Tobias S Kohler, Daniar Osmanov, Sun Hung Park, M David Schwabb, Robert Valenzuela, Koenraad van Renterghem, Steven K Wilson
BACKGROUND: After radical prostatectomy (RP), erectile dysfunction, often necessitating the need for inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP) insertion, and urinary incontinence and climacturia can ensue. AIM: To assess the efficacy and safety of the mini-jupette, a mesh used to approximate the medial aspects of the 2 corporotomies at the time of IPP insertion, for the management of climacturia and urine leakage in patients with minimal incontinence. METHODS: We conducted a pilot multicenter study of patients with post-RP erectile dysfunction and climacturia and/or mild urinary incontinence (≤2 pads/day [ppd]) undergoing IPP insertion with concomitant placement of a mini-jupette graft...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Naoko Takazawa, Akiko Fujisaki, Yasukuni Yoshimura, Akira Tsujimura, Shigeo Horie
Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes and complications of transvaginal minimal mesh repair without using commercially available kits for treatment of pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Materials and Methods: This retrospective cohort study involved 91 women who underwent surgical management of POP with originally designed small mesh between July 2014 and August 2015. This mesh is 56% smaller than the mesh widely used in Japan, and it has only two arms delivered into each right and left sacrospinous ligament...
March 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
Kai B Dallas, Lisa Rogo-Gupta, Christopher S Elliott
INTRODUCTION: Several factors are hypothesized to impact the risks of mesh-augmented pelvic organ prolapse (POP) repair including, 1) characteristics of the material itself, 2) surgical experience, and 3) patient selection. We present a large population-based approach to explore their impact on outcomes and to describe an ideal mesh usage strategy. METHODS: Data from the Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development was accessed identifying all women undergoing POP repair in California from 2005-2011...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Urology
Zoltán Fekete, Szilvia Körösi, Gábor Németh
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) with aging is escalating alarmingly, and now becoming a growing epidemic among the elderly. Synthetic transvaginal mesh (TVM) has been employed with increasing popularity in the treatment of POP until the end of the last decade. After the U.S. Drug and Food Administration (FDA) warnings in the years 2008 and 2011, the number of vaginal mesh operations has decreased dramatically. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate and compare the anti-POP effectivity, the anti-stress incontinence (anti-SUI) efficacy, and the late (36 months) post-operative complications of the anterior vaginoplasty and the TVM operations...
March 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
Alex Mowat, Declan Maher, Kaven Baessler, Corina Christmann-Schmid, Nir Haya, Christopher Maher
BACKGROUND: Posterior vaginal wall prolapse (also known as 'posterior compartment prolapse') can cause a sensation of bulge in the vagina along with symptoms of obstructed defecation and sexual dysfunction. Interventions for prevention and conservative management include lifestyle measures, pelvic floor muscle training, and pessary use. We conducted this review to assess the surgical management of posterior vaginal wall prolapse. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of any surgical intervention compared with another surgical intervention for management of posterior vaginal wall prolapse...
March 5, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
A C Rogers, N McCawley, A M Hanly, J Deasy, D A McNamara, J P Burke
PURPOSE: Rectal prolapse is a common condition, with conflicting opinions on optimal surgical management. Existing literature is predominantly composed of case series, with a dearth of evidence demonstrating current, real-world practice. This study investigated recent national trends in management of rectal prolapse in the Republic of Ireland (ROI). METHODS: This population analysis used a national database to identify patients admitted in the ROI primarily for the management of rectal prolapse, as defined by the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (ICD-10)...
March 3, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Sabrina Trippoli, Erminia Caccese, Giorgio Tulli, Pierluigi Ipponi, Claudio Marinai, Andrea Messori
BACKGROUND: In the clinical literature on abdominal hernia repair, no sound criteria have been established to support the use of biological meshes as opposed to synthetic ones. Furthermore, the information on biological meshes is quite scarce, and so their place in therapy has not yet been defined. METHODS: The treatment of primary and incisional ventral hernia was the target intervention evaluated in our analysis. Our study consisted of the following phases: a) Identification of the biologic meshes available on the market; b) Literature search focused on efficacy and safety of these meshes; c) Analysis of the findings derived from the literature search...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
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