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Lymphnode biopsy

Toshiyuki Ishiba, Goshi Oda, Tsuyoshi Nakagawa, Takumi Akashi, Yamato Yamashita, Tomoki Aburatani, Taichi Ogo, Yutaka Nakashima, Hironobu Baba, Naoaki Hoshino, Yoshinobu Nishioka, Tatsuyuki Kawano
Occult breast cancer, which develops as a metastatic lesion with no primary tumor detected in the breast, is a rare breast cancer. A 68-year-old female patient particularly complained of the presence of a right axillary mass. The mass in the right axilla was palpable, but no tumor was found in both the breasts on palpation, ultrasound examination, or MRI. Partial breast resection and axillary lymph node dissection were performed following a diagnosis of invasive ductal carcinoma by core needle biopsy. There was no mammary gland tissue present around the tumor due to the pathology of the disease, and the tumor was diagnosed as occult breast cancer...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
S Kaliki, S G Rathi, V A R Palkonda
PurposeThe purpose of this study is to discuss the clinical presentation, management, and outcomes of patients with primary orbital Ewing sarcoma family of tumors (ESFTs).Patients and methodsRetrospective study of 12 patients with biopsy-proven primary orbital ESFT.ResultsThe mean age at presentation of primary orbital ESFT was 12 years (median, 8 years; range, 5 months to 28 years). There were seven (58%) females and five (42%) males. The presenting complaints included proptosis (n=10; 83%) and swelling in the upper eyelid (n=2; 17%)...
March 2018: Eye
Shan Wang, Meng Meng, Qiuhu Wang, Kai Xu
RATIONALE: Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a rare type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). The most common extranodal sites of ALCL are skin, subcutaneous tissue, bone, lung, and gastrointestinal organs. This study reports a case of ALCL with multiple extranodal involvement, especially the whole body skeletal muscles, with the aim to share the imaging features of the ALCL including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (18F-FDG PET-CT)...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Giovanni Corso, Chiara Maria Grana, Laura Gilardi, Silvia Melania Baio, Daniela De Lorenzo, Patrick Maisonneuve, Nicole Rotmensz, Bettina Ballardini, Germana Lissidini, Silvia Ratini, Fabio D Bassi, Paolo Veronesi, Viviana Galimberti
AIM: To assess the sentinel-node identification rate at lymphoscintigraphy and its technical feasibility after neo-adjuvant treatments. MATERIAL OF STUDY: Between 2000 and 2013, 444 consecutive patients affected by primary locally advanced breast cancer were enrolled in this study. All individuals were candidate for neo-adjuvant treatments and for lymphoscintigraphy before surgery. RESULTS: The median age was 44 years at onset; almost one sentinel node was identified during lymphoscintigraphy in 430 cases...
2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
N R Bhatt, M R Boland, R McGovern, A Lal, S Tormey, A J Lowery, B A Merrigan
INTRODUCTION: Surgical techniques in breast cancer (BCa) have seen a dramatic change recently with breast-conserving surgery (BCS) and sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB). The ACOSOG-Z0011 trial reported equivalence in outcomes for certain patients with SLN metastases treated with axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) or SLNB alone. Our aim was to investigate changes in lymphedema referral patterns in BCa patients over the last 3 years in a specialist unit and to elucidate effects of SLNB, BCS, and Z0011 trial publication on such patterns...
July 27, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
André L A Oliveira, Ricardo Zorron, Flavio M M DE Oliveira, Marcelo B Dos Santos, Jussara P Scheffer, Marcelo Rios, Fernanda Antunes
Transrectal access still has some unsolved issues such as spatial orientation, infection, access and site closure. This study presents a simple technique to perform transcolonic access with survival in a swine model series. A new technique for NOTES perirectal access to perform retroperitoneoscopy, peritoneoscopy, liver and lymphnode biopsies was performed in 6 pigs, using Totally NOTES technique. The specimens were extracted transanally. The flexible endoscope was inserted through a posterior transmural incision and the retrorectal space...
May 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Hacı Hasan Abuoglu, Emre Günay, Oğuzhan Sunamak, M Rafet Yiğitbaşı
AIM: We analyzed wire-marking, frozen section (FS) and surgical approach in malignancy-suspicious non-palpable lesions detected on mammography (MG) and ultrasonography (US) as breast mass, microcalcifications and distorsions. Material and Methods: A hundred patients in whom wiremarking and frozen section analysis was performed because of non-palpable, malignancy-suspected breast lesions at General Surgery Department, Goztepe Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul were analyzed retrospectively...
November 2016: Chirurgia
Alexandre Silva E Silva, Rodrigo Pinto Fernandes, Marcia Pereira de Araujo, João Paulo Mancusi de Carvalho, Filomena Marino Carvalho, Giovani Mastrantônio Favero, Jesus Paula Carvalho
Robotic surgeries for cervical cancer have several advantages compared with laparotomic or laparoscopic surgeries. Robotic single-site surgery has many advantages compared with the multiport approach, but its safety and feasibility are not established in radical oncologic surgeries. We report a case of a Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage IB1 cervical carcinoma whose radical hysterectomy, sentinel lymph node mapping, and lymph node dissection were entirely performed by robotic single-site approach...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
G Caocci, M Greco, D Fanni, G Senes, R Littera, S Lai, P Risso, C Carcassi, G Faa, G La Nasa
Non-classical human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-G class I molecules have an important role in tumor immune escape mechanisms. We investigated HLA-G expression in lymphonode biopsies taken from 8 controls and 20 patients with advanced-stage classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL), in relationship to clinical outcomes and the HLA-G 14-basepair (14-bp) deletion-insertion (del-ins) polymorphism. Lymphnode tissue sections were stained using a specific murine monoclonal HLA-G antibody. HLA-G protein expression was higher in cHL patients than controls...
April 11, 2016: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
Yi-Qun Huang, Rui-Ji Zheng, Rong-Juan Wu, Xu-Dong Ma
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the clinical features and therapy experience of a case of CD5 positive diffuse large B cell lymphoma (CD5+ DLBCL) with autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA). METHODS: A 49-years old patient was investigated. The routine blood examination, bone marrow smear, Coombs test, serological test, chest CT, abdominal MR and immunochemistry etc were performed for this patient; and therapeutic effects of the chemotherapy regimen consisting of rituximab plus autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) were observed...
June 2016: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
Yazan Abdeen, Sawsan Amireh, Alpa Patel, Moh'd Al-Halawani, Hamid Shaaban, Richard Miller
CONTEXT: According to the recent World Health Organization reports, lung cancer has become the most common type of malignancy and the leading cause of death from cancer. Lung cancer frequently metastasizes to hilar lymphnodes, brain, adrenal glands, bone, but rarely to skin. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 72-year-old male with a past medical history of pulmonary fibrosis and no prior history of smoking who presented to the emergency room for progressive dyspnea over three weeks...
May 2016: North American Journal of Medical Sciences
Naveen Padmanabhan, Muhamed Faizal Ayub, Khadher Hussain, Ann Kurien, Selvi Radhakrishna
Current guidelines recommend completion axillary lymphnode dissection (ALND) when sentinel lymphnode (SLN) contains metastatic tumor deposit. In consequent ALND sentinel node is the only node involved by tumor in 40-70 % of cases. Recent studies demonstrate the oncologic safety of omitting completion ALND in low risk patients. Several nomograms (MSKCC, Stanford, MD Anderson score, Tenon score) had been developed in predicting the likelihood of additional nodes metastatic involvement. We evaluated accuracy of MSKCC nomogram and other clinicopathologic variables associated with additional lymph node metastasis in our patients...
December 2015: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
Harijono Achmad, Rofika Hanifa
We report a patient with supraclavicular lymph node metastasis from an undetectable adenocarcinoma of the transverse colon, who presented with cough and was diagnosed with typhoid fever, bronchitis as well as liver metastasis. There were an abdominal fullness, weight loss, constipation, pencil-like stool with mucous and blood, low-grade fever, bone ache, and tea-color urine. The first colonoscopy revealed lymphocytic ileitis and microscopic findings also showed lymphocytic ileitis. Abdominal USG and CT revealed liver metastasis of unknown origin...
October 2015: Acta Medica Indonesiana
Yan-Ping Li, Zhi-Hua Zhang, Feng-Ting Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the value of multiparameter flow cytometry in diagnosis of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). METHODS: Twenty patients with NHL admitted in Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital of Zhengzhou from January 2009 to August 2014 years were enrolled into this study, among them 13 cases received lymnode puncture, 2 cases were given bone marrow aspiration, 2 cases received peripheral blood examination, 3 cases suffered lymphnode biopsy. RESULTS: After FCM immune typing and cytological smear, 6 cases was confirmed to be B-SLL, 1 case was B-NHL, 1 case was FL, 5 cases was DLBCL, 2 cases was T-NHL, 3 cases was T-LBL, 1 case was NK/T-NHL, 1 case was PTun...
February 2016: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
Matthias Dürst, Heike Hoyer, Christoph Altgassen, Christiane Greinke, Norman Häfner, Alba Fishta, Mieczyslaw Gajda, Ute Mahnert, Peter Hillemanns, Thomas Dimpfl, Miriam Lenhard, K Ulrich Petry, Ingo B Runnebaum, Achim Schneider
Up to 15% of patients with cervical cancer and pN0-status develop recurrent-disease. This may be due to occult metastatic spread of tumor cells. We evaluated the use of human-papillomavirus-(HPV)-mRNA as a molecular marker for disseminated tumor cells to predict the risk of recurrence. For this prospective, multi-center prognostic study, 189 patients free of lymphnode metastases by conventional histopathology could be analyzed. All patients underwent complete lymphadenectomy. Of each sentinel node (SLN) a biopsy was taken for the detection of HPV-E6-E7-mRNA...
September 8, 2015: Oncotarget
Syed Ali Baqher Hussaini, Sainath K Andola, Anita Mahanta
CONTEXT: Lymph nodes are the most common site of metastatic malignancy, and sometimes constitute the first clinical manifestation of the disease. Metastases are tumour implants discontinuous with the primary tumour. The characterization of a neoplasm as primary or metastatic has always troubled surgical pathologists. AIM: To study distribution of lymph node metastasis in North Karnataka region based on age, sex, location and morphological features, and to explore the utility of special stains and immunohistochemistry (IHC) in its diagnosis...
March 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Hanghang Wang, Karissa Heck, Scott K Pruitt, Terence Z Wong, Randall P Scheri, Gregory S Georgiade, Ikwunze Ichite, E Shelley Hwang
BACKGROUND: Despite universal adoption of sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) for breast cancer, there remains no standardized protocol for preoperative lymphoscintographic assessment of sentinel nodes. Both immediate and delayed lymphoscintigraphy are currently utilized, although it is unclear how delayed imaging impacts SLN identification. METHODS: Among patients diagnosed with breast cancer who underwent SLNB at Duke from 2011 to 2012, two protocols for preoperative lymphoscintigraphy were used: protocol A included both immediate and delayed lymphoscintigraphy (n = 152), while protocol B involved immediate lymphoscintigraphy only (n = 103)...
June 2015: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Andrea Morlino, Giuseppe La Torre, Giulia Vitagliano, Aldo Cammarota
AIM: The aim of this study was to report a case concerning diagnostic and management of Anorectal melanoma. MATERIAL: A 71 years old white man presented in our Institute with anal pain, tenesmus, blooding rectal during the last five months. The ano-rectal examination showed a brownish painful mass in the anal canal. The colonscopy and endoscopy showed a big stenotic mass from anal canal to medium rectum with a diameter of approximately 90 mm. RESULTS: Biopsy of the rectal mass was performed and the histopatological examination showed malignant ephitelioid cells, pigmented melanoma...
March 26, 2015: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
L Rebegea, D Firescu, M Dumitru, R Anghel
BACKGROUND: The arm lymphedema is reported as being the most frequent late reaction and complication that influences breast cancer patients'€™ quality of life after lymph node dissection and radiotherapy. The aim of the study is to identify the risk factors in arm lymphedema occurrence in breast cancer patients who performed radical conservatory surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analysed 305 breast cancer patients who underwent treatment in the "Sf...
January 2015: Chirurgia
M Gherghe, C Bordea, Al Blidaru
BACKGROUND: Identification and biopsy of the sentinel lymph node (SLN) in early-stage breast cancer (T1-T2N0) has become the standard method in the surgical treatment of the axilla, due to its accuracy in the evaluation of axillary lymph node status,thus avoiding extensive axillary lymph node dissection inpatients with negative SLN. The aim of our study is to highlight the role of 99mTc-nanocolloid lymphoscintigraphy in the preoperative lymphatic mapping, especially for SLN localizations outside the axilla, as well as the benefits of this technique in the accurate staging of breast cancer...
January 2015: Chirurgia
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