keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Body composition monitor

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533960/body-composition-estimation-from-selected-slices-equations-computed-from-a-new-semi-automatic-thresholding-method-developed-on-whole-body-ct%C3%A2-scans
#1
Alizé Lacoste Jeanson, Ján Dupej, Chiara Villa, Jaroslav Brůžek
BACKGROUND: Estimating volumes and masses of total body components is important for the study and treatment monitoring of nutrition and nutrition-related disorders, cancer, joint replacement, energy-expenditure and exercise physiology. While several equations have been offered for estimating total body components from MRI slices, no reliable and tested method exists for CT scans. For the first time, body composition data was derived from 41 high-resolution whole-body CT scans. From these data, we defined equations for estimating volumes and masses of total body AT and LT from corresponding tissue areas measured in selected CT scan slices...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529331/butyrylcholinesterase-regulates-central-ghrelin-signaling-and-impacts-food-intake-and-glucose-homeostasis
#2
V P Chen, Y Gao, L Geng, S Brimijoin
BACKGROUND: Ghrelin is the only orexigenic hormone known to stimulate food intake and promote obesity and insulin resistance. We recently showed that plasma ghrelin is controlled by butyrylcholinesterase (BChE), which has a strong impact on feeding and weight gain. BChE knockout (KO) mice are prone to obesity on high-fat diet but hepatic BChE gene transfer rescues normal food intake and obesity resistance. However, these mice lack brain BChE and still develop hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance, suggesting essential interactions between BChE and ghrelin within the brain...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525355/does-body-fat-percentage-predict-post-exercise-heart-rate-response-in-non-obese-children-and-adolescents
#3
Tatjana Jezdimirovic, Valdemar Stajer, Sasa Semeredi, Julio Calleja-Gonzalez, Sergej M Ostojic
BACKGROUND: A correlation between adiposity and post-exercise autonomic regulation has been established in overweight and obese children. However, little information exists about this link in non-obese youth. The main purpose of this cross-sectional study was to describe the relationship between body fat percentage (BFP) and heart rate recovery after exercise [post-exercise heart rate (PEHR)], a marker of autonomic regulation, in normal-weight children and adolescents. METHODS: We evaluated the body composition of 183 children and adolescents (age 15...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515842/casein-protein-supplementation-in-trained-men-and-women-morning-versus-evening
#4
Jose Antonio, Anya Ellerbroek, Corey Peacock, Tobin Silver
The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effects of casein supplementation (54 grams) in the morning (Casein-MOR) or evening (Casein-EVE) (90 minutes or less prior to sleep) on measures of body composition and exercise performance in trained men and women. Twenty-six healthy men and women who had been training regularly for greater than 12 months completed this 8-week study (mean±SD; Casein-MOR group [n=14, seven male, seven female]: 30.0±8.2 yr; 170.7±9.5 cm; 70.9±13.9 kg. Casein-EVE group [n=12, nine male, three female]: 28...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513280/application-of-acoustic-radiation-force-impulse-arfi-elastography-in-imaging-of-delayed-onset-muscle-soreness-doms-a-comparative-analysis-with-3t-mri
#5
Thilo Hotfiel, Marion Kellermann, Bernd Swoboda, Dane Wildner, Tobias Golditz, Casper Grim, Martin Raithel, Michael Uder, Rafael Heiss
CONTEXT: DOMS is one of the most common reasons for impaired muscle performance in sports and is associated with reduced muscle strength and frequently observed both in professional and recreational athletes. OBJECTIVE: To emphasize the diagnostic value of Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse (ARFI) in imaging of Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness by comparing findings to high-resolution 3T MRI T2 weighted sequences. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Laboratory environment...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506666/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-body-mass-index-in-children-aged-9-11-years
#6
Gerson Luis de Moraes Ferrari, Victor Matsudo, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Mauro Fisberg
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the prevalence and factors associated with body mass index (BMI) in children aged 9-11 years. METHODS: The study is part of the International Study of Childhood Obesity Lifestyle and the Environment (ISCOLE). Body composition was determined using the bipolar bioimpedance technique. The mean BMI value was categorized as recommended by the World Health Organization. For seven consecutive days, participants used an accelerometer to objectively monitor sedentary behavior (SB) and moderate to vigorous physical activity...
May 12, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506599/application-of-vadose-zone-monitoring-system-for-real-time-characterization-of-leachate-percolation-in-and-under-a-municipal-landfill
#7
Imri Aharoni, Hagar Siebner, Ofer Dahan
Leachates from solid-waste landfills are considered a severe threat to groundwater quality. The fate of pollutants in the waste and underlying unsaturated zone is crucial for evaluating environmental risks and selecting a restoration strategy. In this study, a vadose-zone monitoring system (VMS) installed in a municipal landfill was used, for the first time, to continuously track leachates percolation dynamics and assess their chemical transformation across the entire thickness of the waste body (15m) and underlying unsaturated zone (16m) to the water table...
May 12, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503414/adult-onset-deletion-of-the-prader-willi-syndrome-susceptibility-gene-snord116-in-mice-results-in-reduced-feeding-and-increased-fat-mass
#8
Louise Purtell, Yue Qi, Lesley Campbell, Amanda Sainsbury, Herbert Herzog
BACKGROUND: The imprinted small nucleolar RNA (snoRNA) Snord116 is implicated in the aetiology of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), a disease associated with hyperphagia and obesity. Germline deletion of Snord116 in mice has been found to lead to increased food intake but not to the development of obesity. To determine the role of Snord116 independent of potential compensatory developmental factors, we investigated the effects of conditional adult-onset deletion of Snord116 in mice. METHODS: Deletion of Snord116 was induced at 8 weeks of age by oral administration of tamoxifen to male Snord(lox/lox); ROSA(cre/+) mice, with vehicle-treated mice used as controls...
April 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490244/-investigating-the-efficacy-of-nutrition-therapy-for-outpatients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#9
Andrea Molnár, Ágnes Anna Csontos, Sarolta Dakó, Rita Hencz, Dániel Áron Anton, Erzsébet Pálfi, Pál Miheller
INTRODUCTION: Inflammatory bowel diseases can cause malnutrition (due to inflammatory cytokine production, catabolic states after surgery, restricted diet), which is difficult to treat by nutritional therapy. AIM: Investigating the efficacy of nutrition therapy. METHOD: Combined malnutrition risk screening (questionnaires and body composition analysis), at the beginning of the research and after a 1 year period. RESULTS: 205 patients were screened, 82 were malnourished...
May 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486336/seasonal-variations-of-bone-metabolism-and-bone-mineral-density-in-collegiate-alpine-skiers
#10
Teruyuki Sato, Keishoku Sakuraba, Yosuke Tsuchiya, Shinya Maruyama, Eisuke Ochi
This study investigated the seasonal variations in bone metabolism, mineral density, and physical characteristics in collegiate alpine skiers. Twelve male subjects (20.6 ± 1.5 years) were evaluated for body composition, body mineral density (BMD), serum levels of osteocalcin (OC), bone alkaline phosphatase (BAP), tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b (TRACP-5b), parathormone, and 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D). We also measured the knee extensor and flexor strength, maximal power, and vertical jump. Measurements were conducted in the pre-season period (T1), competitive period (T2), end-of-season period (T3), and resting period (T4)...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484827/-hot-rods-in-the-icu-what-is-the-antibiotic-mileage-of-your-renal-replacement-therapy
#11
REVIEW
J T Kielstein, A K Kruse, N Anderson, H Vaitiekunas, S Scherneck
We would neither be disappointed nor upset if the gas mileage on the sticker of a car didn't match our personal, real-life fuel consumption. Depending on our daily route to work, our style of accelerating and the number of passengers in our carpool, the gas mileage will vary. As soon as the falcon wing door of our car is closed and entrance to the ICU is granted, we tend to forget all of this, even though another hot rod is waiting there for us. Renal replacement therapy is like a car; it fulfills goals, such as the removal of uremic toxins and accumulated fluids, but it also "consumes" (removes) antibiotics...
May 8, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481252/wearable-contactless-respiration-sensor-based-on-multi-material-fibers-integrated-into-textile
#12
Philippe Guay, Stepan Gorgutsa, Sophie LaRochelle, Younes Messaddeq
In this paper, we report on a novel sensor for the contactless monitoring of the respiration rate, made from multi-material fibers arranged in the form of spiral antenna (2.45 GHz central frequency). High flexibility of the used composite metal-glass-polymer fibers permits their integration into a cotton t-shirt without compromising comfort or restricting movement of the user. At the same time, change of the antenna geometry, due to the chest expansion and the displacement of the air volume in the lungs, is found to cause a significant shift of the antenna operational frequency, thus allowing respiration detection...
May 6, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479217/physiological-and-psychological-effects-of-testosterone-during-severe-energy-deficit-and-recovery-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-for-optimizing-performance-for-soldiers-ops
#13
Stefan M Pasiakos, Claire E Berryman, J Philip Karl, Harris R Lieberman, Jeb S Orr, Lee M Margolis, John A Caldwell, Andrew J Young, Monty A Montano, William J Evans, Oshin Vartanian, Owen T Carmichael, Kishore M Gadde, Melissa Harris, Jennifer C Rood
BACKGROUND: The physiological consequences of severe energy deficit include hypogonadism and the loss of fat-free mass. Prolonged energy deficit also impacts physical performance, mood, attentiveness, and decision-making capabilities. This study will determine whether maintaining a eugonadal state during severe, sustained energy deficit attenuates physiological decrements and maintains mental performance. This study will also assess the effects of normalizing testosterone levels during severe energy deficit and recovery on gut health and appetite regulation...
May 4, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472859/lifestyle-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#14
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Nisreen A Alwan, Jane West, Stephen Brown, Christopher Jd McKinlay, Diane Farrar, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes (GDM) is glucose intolerance, first recognised in pregnancy and usually resolving after birth. GDM is associated with both short- and long-term adverse effects for the mother and her infant. Lifestyle interventions are the primary therapeutic strategy for many women with GDM. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of combined lifestyle interventions with or without pharmacotherapy in treating women with gestational diabetes. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (14 May 2016), ClinicalTrials...
May 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471050/high-intensity-interval-training-using-whole-body-exercises-training-recommendations-and-methodological-overview
#15
REVIEW
Alexandre F Machado, Julien S Baker, Aylton J Figueira Junior, Danilo S Bocalini
HIIT whole body (HWB)-based exercise is a new calisthenics exercise programme approach that can be considered an effective and safe method to improve physical fitness and body composition. HWB is a method that can be applied to different populations and ages. The purpose of this study was to describe possible methodologies for performing physical training based on whole-body exercise in healthy subjects. The HWB sessions consist of a repeated stimulus based on high-intensity exercise that also include monitoring time to effort, time to recuperation and session time...
May 4, 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470972/oral-calorie-supplements-for-cystic-fibrosis
#16
REVIEW
Rosalind L Smyth, Oli Rayner
BACKGROUND: Poor nutrition occurs frequently in people with cystic fibrosis and is associated with other adverse outcomes. Oral calorie supplements are used to increase total daily calorie intake and improve weight gain. However, they are expensive and there are concerns they may reduce the amount of food eaten and not improve overall energy intake. This is an update of a previously published review. OBJECTIVES: To establish whether in people with cystic fibrosis, oral calorie supplements: increase daily calorie intake; and improve overall nutritional intake, nutritional indices, lung function, survival and quality of life...
May 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460640/physical-performance-and-protein-energy-wasting-in-patients-treated-with-nocturnal-haemodialysis-compared-to-conventional-haemodialysis-protocol-of-the-diaprifit-study
#17
Manouk Dam, Floor Neelemaat, Trudeke Struijk-Wielinga, Peter J Weijs, Brigit C van Jaarsveld
BACKGROUND: Poor physical performance and protein-energy wasting (PEW) are health issues of major concern in haemodialysis patients. The conventional haemodialysis (CHD) regime, three times per week 3-5 h, is subject of discussion because of high morbidity and mortality rates. When patients switch from CHD to longer dialysis sessions, i.e. nocturnal haemodialysis (NHD), improvement in protein intake and increase in body weight is seen. However, it is unclear whether physical performance and more important aspects of PEW, such as body composition, improve as well...
May 1, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457231/disease-management-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-who-have-universal-access-to-health-care-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Ofra Kalter-Leibovici, Dov Freimark, Laurence S Freedman, Galit Kaufman, Arnona Ziv, Havi Murad, Michal Benderly, Barbara G Silverman, Nurit Friedman, Tali Cukierman-Yaffe, Elad Asher, Avishay Grupper, Dorit Goldman, Miriam Amitai, Shlomi Matetzky, Mordechai Shani, Haim Silber
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of disease management programs in improving the outcome of heart failure patients remains uncertain and may vary across health systems. This study explores whether a countrywide disease management program is superior to usual care in reducing adverse health outcomes and improving well-being among community-dwelling adult patients with moderate-to-severe chronic heart failure who have universal access to advanced health-care services and technologies. METHODS: In this multicenter open-label trial, 1,360 patients recruited after hospitalization for heart failure exacerbation (38%) or from the community (62%) were randomly assigned to either disease management or usual care...
May 1, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452413/characterizing-ontogenetic-habitat-shifts-in-marine-fishes-advancing-nascent-methods-for-marine-spatial-management
#19
Ronen Galaiduk, Ben T Radford, Benjamin J Saunders, Stephen J Newman, Euan S Harvey
Niche requirements and habitat resource partitioning by conspecific fishes of different sizes are significant knowledge gaps in the species distribution modelling domain. Management actions and operations are typically concentrated on static habitats, or specific areas of interest, without considering movement patterns of species associated with ontogenetic shifts in habitat usage. Generalized Additive Models were used to model the body length-habitat relationships of six fish species. These models were used to identify subsets of environmental parameters that drive and explain the continuous length-habitat relationships for each of the study species, which vary in their degree of ecological and/or commercial importance...
April 28, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452292/body-weight-and-body-composition-changes-during-military-training-and-deployment-involving-the-use-of-combat-rations-a-systematic-literature-review
#20
Eliza C Tassone, Bradley A Baker
Dismounted military personnel operate in physically and psychologically demanding environments, with energy intake from combat rations often falling short of their requirements, leading to reductions in body weight and changes in body composition, which can impact both their health and performance. This review systematically investigated the effects of the continual use of combat rations for periods of 3-40 d on body weight and/or body composition in military personnel engaged in training or deployment. In all, ten databases were searched from their inception until October 2016...
March 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
keyword
keyword
59765
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"