keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Body composition monitor

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783628/is-3-carboxy-4-methyl-5-propyl-2-furanpropionate-cmpf-a-clinically-relevant-uremic-toxin-in-haemodialysis-patients
#1
Mathilde Luce, Anais Bouchara, Myriam Pastural, Samuel Granjon, Jean Christophe Szelag, Maurice Laville, Walid Arkouche, Denis Fouque, Christophe O Soulage, Laetitia Koppe
3-Carboxy-4-methyl-5-propyl-2-furanpropionate (CMPF) is a metabolite of furan fatty acid and a marker of fish oil intake. CMPF is described as a protein-bound uremic toxin and interacts with free oxygen radicals, which can induce cell damages. However, the clinical consequences of CMPF accumulation in haemodialysis patients remain poorly documented. The aims of this study are to investigate potential association between CMPF levels and (i) biochemical and nutritional parameters; (ii) cardiovascular events and (iii) mortality...
May 18, 2018: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781044/sleeve-gastrectomy-in-morbidly-obese-hiv-patients-focus-on-anti-retroviral-treatment-absorption-after-surgery
#2
Chloé Amouyal, Marion Buyse, Lea Lucas-Martini, Déborah Hirt, Laurent Genser, Adriana Torcivia, Jean-Luc Bouillot, Jean-Michel Oppert, Judith Aron-Wisnewsky
CONTEXT: Anti-retroviral therapy (ART) dramatically reduced AIDS development, thus enabling patients to live as long as the general population. New challenges have emerged particularly cardiometabolic diseases and weight gain, with some HIV patients seeking bariatric surgery (BS). However, BS outcomes during HIV remain poorly described, with scarce data on ART pharmacokinetic post-BS. OBJECTIVE: Describing sleeve gastrectomy (SG) results in HIV patients in terms of ART pharmacokinetic, HIV control, weight loss, and metabolic outcomes...
May 20, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764571/-efficiency-of-electrocardiogram-monitor-for-positioning-the-catheter-tip-in-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-placement-in-neonates
#3
Qi-Ying Ling, Hong Chen, Min Tang, Yi Qu, Bin-Zhi Tang
OBJECTIVE: To study the efficiency of electrocardiogram (ECG) monitor for positioning the catheter tip in the placement of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) in neonates. METHODS: A total of 160 neonates who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) from January 2015 to December 2017 and underwent the PICC placement via the veins of upper extremity were enrolled. They were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, with 80 neonates in each group...
May 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762555/global-transcriptome-analysis-identifies-weight-regain-induced-activation-of-adaptive-immune-responses-in-white-adipose-tissue-of-mice
#4
D S Kyung, H R Sung, Y J Kim, K D Kim, S Y Cho, J H Choi, Y-H Lee, I Y Kim, J K Seong
OBJECTIVE: Studies have indicated that weight regain following weight loss predisposes obese individuals to metabolic disorders; however, the molecular mechanism of this potential adverse effect of weight regain is not fully understood. Here we investigated global transcriptome changes and the immune response in mouse white adipose tissue caused by weight regain. DESIGN: We established a diet switch protocol to compare the effects of weight regain with those of weight gain without precedent weight loss, weight loss maintenance and chow diet...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760574/seasonal-variations-in-body-composition-maximal-oxygen-uptake-and-gas-exchange-threshold-in-cross-country-skiers
#5
Metin Polat, Selcen Korkmaz Eryılmaz, Sami Aydoğan
Introduction: In order to ensure that athletes achieve their highest performance levels during competitive seasons, monitoring their long-term performance data is crucial for understanding the impact of ongoing training programs and evaluating training strategies. The present study was thus designed to investigate the variations in body composition, maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max ), and gas exchange threshold values of cross-country skiers across training phases throughout a season. Materials and methods: In total, 15 athletes who participate in international cross-country ski competitions voluntarily took part in this study...
2018: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759101/effect-of-the-health-tourism-weight-loss-programme-on-body-composition-and-health-outcomes-in-healthy-and-excess-weight-adults
#6
Hiroyuki Sagayama, Kayoko Shizuma, Makiko Toguchi, Hiroji Mizuhara, Yukiko Machida, Yosuke Yamada, Naoyuki Ebine, Yasuki Higaki, Hiroaki Tanaka
Excess weight loss while minimising fat-free mass (FFM) loss is important for health. Travel is a particular period at risk for weight gain and for which the effects of a short-term intensive weight loss programme have not been studied. Therefore, we studied the effect of a novel, 1-week supervised health travel programme combining high volume, low-to-moderate intensity exercise and energy intake restriction on weight, body composition and health outcomes in adults. Weight was also monitored for 12 weeks after the programme...
May 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754574/anthropometric-measures-as-fitness-indicators-in-primary-school-children-the-health-oriented-pedagogical-project-hopp
#7
Asgeir Mamen, Per Morten Fredriksen
AIMS: As children's fitness continues to decline, frequent and systematic monitoring of fitness is important. Easy-to-use and low-cost methods with acceptable accuracy are essential in screening situations. This study aimed to investigate how the measurements of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) relate to selected measurements of fitness in children. METHODS: A total of 1731 children from grades 1 to 6 were selected who had a complete set of height, body mass, running performance, handgrip strength and muscle mass measurements...
May 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751046/disentangling-the-relationship-between-sedentariness-and-obesity-activity-intensity-but-not-sitting-posture-is-associated-with-adiposity-in-women
#8
Anna Myers, Catherine Gibbons, Edward Butler, Michelle Dalton, Nicola Buckland, John Blundell, Graham Finlayson
BACKGROUND: The relationship between free-living sedentary behaviour (SB) and obesity is unclear. Studies may arrive at disparate conclusions because of inconsistencies and limitations when defining and measuring free-living SB. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine whether the relationship between SB and adiposity differed depending on the way SB was operationally defined and objectively measured. METHODS: Sixty-three female participants aged 37...
May 8, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750699/implementation-of-closed-loop-assisted-intra-operative-goal-directed-fluid-therapy-during-major-abdominal-surgery-a-case-control-study-with-propensity-matching
#9
Alexandre Joosten, Sean Coeckelenbergh, Amelie Delaporte, Brigitte Ickx, Jean Closset, Thierry Roumeguere, Luc Barvais, Luc Van Obbergh, Maxime Cannesson, Joseph Rinehart, Philippe Van der Linden
BACKGROUND: Goal-directed fluid therapy (GDFT) has been associated with improved patient outcomes. However, implementation of GDFT protocols remains low despite growing published evidence and the recommendations of multiple regulatory bodies in Europe. We developed a closed-loop-assisted GDFT management system linked to a pulse contour monitor to assist anaesthesiologists in applying GDFT. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of our closed-loop system in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery in an academic hospital without a GDFT programme...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750251/effect-of-aerobic-exercise-training-and-essential-amino-acid-supplementation-for-24-weeks-on-physical-function-body-composition-and-muscle-metabolism-in-healthy-independent-older-adults-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Melissa M Markofski, Kristofer Jennings, Kyle L Timmerman, Jared M Dickinson, Christopher S Fry, Michael S Borack, Paul T Reidy, Rachel R Deer, Amanda Randolph, Blake B Rasmussen, Elena Volpi
Background: Essential amino acids (EAA) and aerobic exercise (AE) acutely and independently stimulate skeletal muscle protein anabolism in older adults. Objective: In this Phase 1, double blind, placebo controlled, randomized clinical trial, we determined if chronic EAA supplementation, AE training, or a combination of the two interventions could improve muscle mass and function by stimulating muscle protein synthesis. Methods: We phone screened 971, enrolled 109, and randomized 50 independent, low-active, non-frail, non-diabetic older adults (age 72±1 yrs)...
May 10, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746309/the-current-state-of-long-acting-growth-hormone-preparations-for-growth-hormone-therapy
#11
Kevin C J Yuen, Bradley S Miller, Beverly M K Biller
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To discuss the rationale of developing long-acting growth hormone (LAGH) preparations, to describe the technologies designed to prolong GH action, and to address key issues regarding efficacy, safety, and monitoring while on treatment. REVIEW FINDINGS: Recombinant human GH is currently approved for daily use and has been shown to restore longitudinal growth, and improve body composition with relatively few side-effects in children and adults with GH deficiency, respectively...
May 4, 2018: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741360/a-wearable-sweat-sensing-patch-for-dynamic-sweat-secretion-analysis
#12
Hnin Yin Yin Nyein, Li-Chia Tai, Quynh P Ngo, Minghan Chao, George Zhang, Wei Gao, Mallika Bariya, James Bullock, Hyungjin Kim, Hossain M Fahad, Ali Javey
Wearable sweat sensing is a rapidly rising research driven by its promising potential in health, fitness and diagnostic applications. Despite the growing field, major challenges in relation to sweat metrics remain to be addressed. These challenges include sweat rate monitoring for its complex relation with sweat compositions and sweat sampling for sweat dynamics studies. In this work, we present a flexible microfluidic sweat sensing patch that enhances real-time electrochemical sensing and sweat rate analysis via sweat sampling...
May 9, 2018: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732473/thermoregulatory-responses-and-reproductive-traits-in-composite-beef-bulls-raised-in-a-tropical-climate
#13
Narian Romanello, José de Brito Lourenço Junior, Waldomiro Barioni Junior, Felipe Zandonadi Brandão, Cintia Righetti Marcondes, José Ricardo Macedo Pezzopane, Messy Hannear de Andrade Pantoja, Daniela Botta, Alessandro Giro, Ana Beatriz Bossois Moura, Andréa do Nascimento Barreto, Alexandre Rossetto Garcia
It is believed that increased livestock production is limited by tropical climate. Thermal imbalance in bulls can lead to hyperthermia and alter testicular metabolism, causing subfertility or infertility. Therefore, the thermoregulation of composite Canchim bulls (5/8 Charolais × 3/8 Zebu) raised in tropical climate as well as their consequences in the physiological, hematological, hormonal, and andrological parameters were evaluated monthly. The bulls (n = 18; 30.0 ± 1.5 months; 503.8 ± 23...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731235/assessment-of-nutritional-status-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease-using-hand-grip-strength-tool
#14
Ashraf Mohamed Abd El Basset Bakr, Bothina Mohamed Hasaneen, Dina AbdelRasoul Helal Bassiouni
OBJECTIVE: Muscle status assessment is crucial for diagnosis of protein energy wasting PEW/cachexia in chronic kidney disease (CKD) population. Hand grip strength (HGS) has been used in muscle power assessment in adult CKD. However, no data is available about its usefulness in children with CKD. Hence, we aimed to study the reliability of HGS in reflecting the muscle power and thus, nutritional status in children with CKD. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this Observational cross sectional study we enrolled 73 CKD children; 45 had end stage kidney disease (ESKD) on hemodialysis (HD) and 28 had CKD but not on dialysis yet...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725649/impact-of-misclassification-of-obesity-by-body-mass-index-on-mortality-in-patients-with-ckd
#15
Ting-Yun Lin, Paik-Seong Lim, Szu-Chun Hung
Introduction: Unlike the general population, a higher body mass index (BMI) is associated with greater survival among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). This "obesity paradox" may be due to limitations of BMI as a measure of adiposity in CKD. Both BMI and body fat percentage (BF%) are used to classify obesity, but outcomes may vary. Therefore, we investigated the 2 different cutoffs for diagnosing obesity (BMI ≥28 kg/m2 or BF% >25% for men and >35% for women) and the impact on all-cause mortality in CKD...
March 2018: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706605/hypermetabolism-in-als-is-associated-with-greater-functional-decline-and-shorter-survival
#16
Frederik J Steyn, Zara A Ioannides, Ruben P A van Eijk, Susan Heggie, Kathryn A Thorpe, Amelia Ceslis, Saman Heshmat, Anjali K Henders, Naomi R Wray, Leonard H van den Berg, Robert D Henderson, Pamela A McCombe, Shyuan T Ngo
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of hypermetabolism, relative to body composition, in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and its relationship with clinical features of disease and survival. METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with clinically definite or probable ALS as defined by El Escorial criteria, and 58 age and sex-matched control participants underwent assessment of energy expenditure. Our primary outcome was the prevalence of hypermetabolism in cases and controls...
April 29, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701643/highly-stable-and-flexible-pressure-sensors-with-modified-multi-walled-carbon-nanotube-polymer-composites-for-human-monitoring
#17
Yin He, Yue Ming, Wei Li, Yafang Li, Maoqi Wu, Jinzhong Song, Xiaojiu Li, Hao Liu
A facile method for preparing an easy processing, repeatable and flexible pressure sensor was presented via the synthesis of modified multi-walled carbon nanotubes (m-MWNTs) and polyurethane (PU) films. The surface modification of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) simultaneously used a silane coupling agent (KH550) and sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (SDBS) to improve the dispersibility and compatibility of the MWNTs in a polymer matrix. The electrical property and piezoresistive behavior of the m-MWNT/PU composites were compared with raw multi-walled carbon nanotube (raw MWNT)/PU composites...
April 26, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695381/pulmonary-capillary-wedge-pressure-patterns-during-exercise-predict-exercise-capacity-and-incident-heart-failure
#18
Aaron S Eisman, Ravi V Shah, Bishnu P Dhakal, Paul P Pappagianopoulos, Luke Wooster, Cole Bailey, Thomas F Cunningham, Kathryn M Hardin, Aaron L Baggish, Jennifer E Ho, Rajeev Malhotra, Gregory D Lewis
BACKGROUND: Single measurements of left ventricular filling pressure at rest lack sensitivity for identifying heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) in patients with dyspnea on exertion. We hypothesized that exercise hemodynamic measurements (ie, changes in pulmonary capillary wedge pressure [PCWP] indexed to cardiac output [CO]) may more sensitively differentiate HFpEF and non-HFpEF disease states, reflect aerobic capacity, and forecast heart failure outcomes in individuals with normal PCWP at rest...
May 2018: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693379/skin-inspired-electronics-an-emerging-paradigm
#19
Sihong Wang, Jin Young Oh, Jie Xu, Helen Tran, Zhenan Bao
Future electronics will take on more important roles in people's lives. They need to allow more intimate contact with human beings to enable advanced health monitoring, disease detection, medical therapies, and human-machine interfacing. However, current electronics are rigid, nondegradable and cannot self-repair, while the human body is soft, dynamic, stretchable, biodegradable, and self-healing. Therefore, it is critical to develop a new class of electronic materials that incorporate skinlike properties, including stretchability for conformable integration, minimal discomfort and suppressed invasive reactions; self-healing for long-term durability under harsh mechanical conditions; and biodegradability for reducing environmental impact and obviating the need for secondary device removal for medical implants...
April 25, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692764/the-virome-and-its-major-component-anellovirus-a-convoluted-system-molding-human-immune-defenses-and-possibly-affecting-the-development-of-asthma-and-respiratory-diseases-in-childhood
#20
REVIEW
Giulia Freer, Fabrizio Maggi, Massimo Pifferi, Maria E Di Cicco, Diego G Peroni, Mauro Pistello
The microbiome, a thriving and complex microbial community colonizing the human body, has a broad impact on human health. Colonization is a continuous process that starts very early in life and occurs thanks to shrewd strategies microbes have evolved to tackle a convoluted array of anatomical, physiological, and functional barriers of the human body. Cumulative evidence shows that viruses are part of the microbiome. This part, called virome, has a dynamic composition that reflects what we eat, how and where we live, what we do, our genetic background, and other unpredictable variables...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
keyword
keyword
59765
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"