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Body composition monitor

Giuseppa Patti, Marta Giaccardi, Valeria Capra, Flavia Napoli, Giuliana Cangemi, Sara Notarnicola, Sara Guzzetti, Silvia Russo, Mohamad Maghnie, Natascia Di Iorgi
Context: There is little information on long-term natural history of Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS). Objective: To describe the phenotypes and the metabolic status in adults with SRS. Design: Clinical and metabolic evaluations in adults with a molecular diagnosis of SRS. Partecipants: 7Caucasian patients (aged 18 to 46 years, mean age 26.9 years) were studied. Two had chromosome 7 maternal uniparental disomy, 3 had 11p15 loss of methylation and 2 had 11p15 duplication...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Robin P Shook, Gregory A Hand, Daniel P O'Connor, Diana M Thomas, Thomas G Hurley, James R Hébert, Clemens Drenowatz, Gregory J Welk, Alicia L Carriquiry, Steven N Blair
Background: Assessments of energy intake (EI) are frequently affected by measurement error. Recently, a simple equation was developed and validated to estimate EI on the basis of the energy balance equation [EI = changed body energy stores + energy expenditure (EE)]. Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare multiple estimates of EI, including 2 calculated from the energy balance equation by using doubly labeled water (DLW) or activity monitors, in free-living adults...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
F Strollo, C Macchi, I Eberini, M A Masini, M Botta, G Vassilieva, I Nichiporuk, M Monici, D Santucci, F Celotti, P Magni, M Ruscica
PURPOSE: The "Mars-500 project" allowed to evaluate the changes in psychological/physiological adaptation over a prolonged confinement, in order to gather information for future missions. Here, we evaluated the impact of confinement and isolation on body composition, glucose metabolism/insulin resistance and adipokine levels. METHODS: The "Mars-500 project" consisted of 520 consecutive days of confinement from June 3, 2010 to Nov 4, 2011. The crew was composed of six male subjects (three Russians, two Europeans, and one Chinese) with a median age of 31 years (range 27-38 years)...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Elif Guler, Nilgun Col, Mithat Buyukcelik, Ayse Balat
AIM: In recent years, survival rates of childhood cancers have significantly increased, and occurrence of long-term adverse late effects (eg, insulin resistance, diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome, hypertension) has become increasingly important. Early diagnosis of obesity/hypertension in childhood is essential to avoid morbidity in the adulthood. Therefore, this study was aimed to determine the blood pressure (BP) profile by ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) method, and prevalence of hypertension, obesity, abdominal obesity among childhood cancer survivors...
March 12, 2018: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
Bahar Gürlek Demirci, Siren Sezer, Emre Tutal, Turan Çolak, Saliha Uyanık, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: In kidney transplant recipients, reduced muscle mass and hand-grip strength are associated with impaired nutritional status. Serum testosterone is highly associated with muscle strength in the general population. Here, we aimed to determine the associations among serum testosterone, hand-grip strength, and nutritional and inflammatory parameters, as well as graft function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our study included 144 stable male kidney transplant recipients from our renal transplant outpatient clinic...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Juliano Soares Rabello Moreira, Tatiana Pedroso de Paula, Luiza Ferreira Sperb, Maria Elisa Peinado Miller, Mirela Jobim de Azevedo, Luciana Verçoza Viana
AIMS: To evaluate nutritional and metabolic parameters associated with vitamin D status and blood pressure (BP) in type 2 diabetes and hypertensive patients. METHODS: BP evaluated by office and 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM). Physical activity was evaluated by daily step count, body composition by DXA, and diet by a food frequency questionnaire. RESULTS: 116 patients were evaluated and median 25-hydroxyvitamin D level was 21 (16-27) ng/ml; 43% deficient (<20 ng/ml)...
March 5, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Maria-Eleni Roumelioti, Todd S Ing, Helbert Rondon-Berrios, Robert H Glew, Zeid J Khitan, Yijuan Sun, Deepak Malhotra, Dominic S Raj, Emmanuel I Agaba, Glen H Murata, Joseph I Shapiro, Antonios H Tzamaloukas
Osmotic diuresis results from urine loss of large amounts of solutes distributed either in total body water or in the extracellular compartment. Replacement solutions should reflect the volume and monovalent cation (sodium and potassium) content of the fluid lost. Whereas the volume of the solutions used to replace losses that occurred prior to the diagnosis of osmotic diuresis is guided by the clinical picture, the composition of these solutions is predicated on serum sodium concentration and urinary sodium and potassium concentrations at presentation...
March 6, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
Lara Gomes Suhett, Brenda Kelly Souza Silveira, Mariana De Santis Filgueiras, Maria do Carmo Gouveia Peluzio, Helen Hermana Miranda Hermsdorff, Juliana Farias de Novaes
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate Ca intake and its association with cardiometabolic risk factors during childhood. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study with a representative sample. Food consumption was assessed through three 24 h dietary recalls. Anthropometry, body composition and biochemical measurements were also conducted. SETTING: Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil. SUBJECTS: Children between 8 and 9 years old (n 350) enrolled in public and private schools in the urban area of the municipality of Viçosa...
March 6, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
David Rogerson, Scott McNeill, Heidi Könönen, Markos Klonizakis
OBJECTIVES: The microvascular benefits of regional diets appear in the literature; however, little is known about Nordic-type diets. We investigated the effects of a short-term, adapted, Nordic diet on microvascular function in younger and older individuals at rest and during activity. METHODS: Thirteen young (mean age: 28 y; standard deviation: 5 y) and 15 older (mean age: 68 y; standard deviation: 6 y) participants consumed a modified Nordic diet for 4 wk...
March 2, 2018: Nutrition
N Reid, G N Healy, J Gianoudis, M Formica, P A Gardiner, E E Eakin, C A Nowson, R M Daly
The mechanisms through which excessive sitting time impacts health are important to understand. This study found that each hour of sitting per day was not associated with physical function, although associations with poor body composition were observed. Reducing sitting time for improved weight management in older adults needs further exploration. INTRODUCTION: To examine the association of sitting time and breaks in sitting time with muscle mass, strength, function, and inflammation in older Australians...
February 26, 2018: Osteoporosis International
Dai-Yin Lu, Iraklis Pozios, Bereketeab Haileselassie, Ioannis Ventoulis, Hongyun Liu, Lars L Sorensen, Marco Canepa, Susan Phillip, M Roselle Abraham, Theodore P Abraham
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a common inherited cardiac disease characterized by varying degrees of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. In a large cohort, we compare the outcomes among 3 different hemodynamic groups. METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively enrolled patients fulfilling standard diagnostic criteria for HCM from January 2005 to June 2015. Detailed phenotypic characterization, including peak left ventricular outflow tract pressure gradients at rest and after provocation, was measured by echocardiography...
February 25, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
Patrizia Calella, Giuliana Valerio, Matt Thomas, Helen McCabe, Jake Taylor, Malcolm Brodlie, Mario Siervo
OBJECTIVES: Body mass index (BMI) has significant limitations when assessing nutritional status in pediatric patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). We evaluated whether measurements of lean body mass (LBM) and fat mass (FM) are more sensitive nutritional parameters by testing their association with pulmonary function in adolescent patients with CF. METHODS: Sixty-nine male and female adolescents with CF were studied (age: 14.5 ± 2.3, BMI: 19.5 ± 2.3 kg/m2 )...
December 5, 2017: Nutrition
Heráclito Barbosa Carvalho, Luis Alberto Moreno, Andrew Mello Silva, Gabriela Berg, Alejandro Estrada-Restrepo, Laura Inés González-Zapata, Pilar De Miguel-Etayo, Carlos Alberto Delgado, María Isabel Bove, Maria da Luz Rosario de Sousa, Francisco Leonardo Torres-Leal, Claudia L M Forjaz, Augusto César Ferreira De Moraes
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to introduce the overarching study design of the South American Youth/Child Cardiovascular and Environmental (SAYCARE) study, which is an observational multicenter feasibility study held in seven South American cities: Buenos Aires (Argentina), Lima (Peru), Medellin (Colombia), Montevideo (Uruguay), Santiago (Chile), and São Paulo and Teresina (Brazil). Children and adolescents (3-17 years of age) were studied. METHODS: The data management systems, quality assurance monitoring activities, standardized operating procedure manuals, and training and study management are addressed in this paper...
March 2018: Obesity
Mona Mischke, Tulika Arora, Sebastian Tims, Eefje Engels, Nina Sommer, Kees van Limpt, Annemarie Baars, Raish Oozeer, Annemarie Oosting, Fredrik Bäckhed, Jan Knol
AIMS: The metabolic state of human adults is associated with their gut microbiome. The symbiosis between host and microbiome is initiated at birth, and early life microbiome perturbation can disturb health long-lastingly. Here, we determined how beneficial microbiome interventions in early life affect metabolic health in adulthood. METHODS: Postnatal diets were supplemented with either prebiotics (scGOS/lcFOS) or synbiotics (scGOS/lcFOS with Bifidobacterium breve M-16V) until post-natal (PN) day 42 in a well-established rodent model for nutritional programming...
February 20, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
Michael D Schwartz, Jeremiah B Palmerston, Diana L Lee, Marius C Hoener, Thomas S Kilduff
Trace amines (TAs), endogenous amino acid metabolites that are structurally similar to the biogenic amines, are endogenous ligands for trace amine-associated receptor 1 (TAAR1), a GPCR that modulates dopaminergic, serotonergic, and glutamatergic activity. Selective TAAR1 full and partial agonists exhibit similar pro-cognitive, antidepressant- and antipsychotic-like properties in rodents and non-human primates, suggesting TAAR1 as a novel target for the treatment of neurological and psychiatric disorders. We previously reported that TAAR1 partial agonists are wake-promoting in rats and mice, and that TAAR1 knockout (KO) and overexpressing mice exhibit altered sleep-wake and EEG spectral composition...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Christoph Kopp, Peter Linz, Carolin Maier, Peter Wabel, Matthias Hammon, Armin M Nagel, Daniela Rosenhauer, Stephan Horn, Michael Uder, Friedrich C Luft, Jens Titze, Anke Dahlmann
Long-term elevated blood sugar levels result in tissue matrix compositional changes in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 (T2DM). We hypothesized that hemodialysis patients with T2DM might accumulate more tissue sodium than control hemodialysis patients. To test this,23 Na magnetic resonance imaging (23 Na MRI) was used to estimate sodium in skin and muscle tissue in hemodialysis patients with or without T2DM. Muscle fat content was estimated by1 H MRI and tissue sodium content by23 Na MRI pre- and post-hemodialysis in ten hemodialysis patients with T2DM and in 30 matched control hemodialysis patients...
February 15, 2018: Kidney International
L J Zallar, B J Tunstall, C T Richie, Y J Zhang, Z B You, E L Gardner, M Heilig, J Pickel, G F Koob, L F Vendruscolo, B K Harvey, L Leggio
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Ghrelin, a stomach-derived hormone implicated in numerous behaviors including feeding, reward, stress, and addictive behaviors, acts by binding to the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHSR). Here, we present the development, verification, and initial characterization of a novel GHSR knockout (KO) Wistar rat model created with CRISPR genome editing. METHODS: Using CRISPR/Cas9, we developed a GHSR KO in a Wistar background. Loss of GHSR mRNA expression was histologically verified using RNAscope in wild-type (WT; n = 2) and KO (n = 2) rats...
January 30, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Norihiko Kotooka, Masafumi Kitakaze, Kengo Nagashima, Machiko Asaka, Yoshiharu Kinugasa, Kotaro Nochioka, Atsushi Mizuno, Daisuke Nagatomo, Daigo Mine, Yoko Yamada, Akiko Kuratomi, Norihiro Okada, Daisuke Fujimatsu, So Kuwahata, Shigeru Toyoda, Shin-Ichi Hirotani, Takahiro Komori, Kazuo Eguchi, Kazuomi Kario, Takayuki Inomata, Kaoru Sugi, Kazuhiro Yamamoto, Hiroyuki Tsutsui, Tohru Masuyama, Hiroaki Shimokawa, Shin-Ichi Momomura, Yoshihiko Seino, Yasunori Sato, Teruo Inoue, Koichi Node
Home telemonitoring is becoming more important to home medical care for patients with heart failure. Since there are no data on home telemonitoring for Japanese patients with heart failure, we investigated its effect on cardiovascular outcomes. The HOMES-HF study was the first multicenter, open-label, randomized, controlled trial (RCT) to elucidate the effectiveness of home telemonitoring of physiological data, such as body weight, blood pressure, and pulse rate, for Japanese patients with heart failure (UMIN Clinical Trials Registry 000006839)...
February 15, 2018: Heart and Vessels
Amy L Woods, Anthony J Rice, Laura A Garvican-Lewis, Alice M Wallett, Bronwen Lundy, Margot A Rogers, Marijke Welvaert, Shona Halson, Andrew McKune, Kevin G Thompson
BACKGROUND: Recent research has demonstrated decreases in resting metabolic rate (RMR), body composition and performance following a period of intensified training in elite athletes, however the underlying mechanisms of change remain unclear. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate how an intensified training period, designed to elicit overreaching, affects RMR, body composition, and performance in trained endurance athletes, and to elucidate underlying mechanisms. METHOD: Thirteen (n = 13) trained male cyclists completed a six-week training program consisting of a "Baseline" week (100% of regular training load), a "Build" week (~120% of Baseline load), two "Loading" weeks (~140, 150% of Baseline load, respectively) and two "Recovery" weeks (~80% of Baseline load)...
2018: PloS One
Jon D Oden, Brian Franklin, Ernesto Fernandez, Soumya Adhikari, Perrin C White
BACKGROUND: Body mass index (BMI) and fat mass may be higher in children with diabetes compared to healthy peers. It is not certain how diabetic children respond to exercise and diet interventions. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of summer camp on BMI and body composition in children with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: Five hundred eighty-six children (5-19 years, 518 with type 1 diabetes, 68 without diabetes) were followed while attending camp...
February 13, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
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