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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215045/a-generalized-partially-linear-mean-covariance-regression-model-for-longitudinal-proportional-data-with-applications-to-the-analysis-of-quality-of-life-data-from-cancer-clinical-trials
#1
Xueying Zheng, Guoyou Qin, Dongsheng Tu
Motivated by the analysis of quality of life data from a clinical trial on early breast cancer, we propose in this paper a generalized partially linear mean-covariance regression model for longitudinal proportional data, which are bounded in a closed interval. Cholesky decomposition of the covariance matrix for within-subject responses and generalized estimation equations are used to estimate unknown parameters and the nonlinear function in the model. Simulation studies are performed to evaluate the performance of the proposed estimation procedures...
February 19, 2017: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214227/automated-breast-density-computation-in-digital-mammography-and-digital-breast-tomosynthesis-influence-on-mean-glandular-dose-and-birads-density-categorization
#2
Maria Castillo-García, Margarita Chevalier, Julia Garayoa, Alejandro Rodriguez-Ruiz, Diego García-Pinto, Julio Valverde
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to compare the breast density estimates from two algorithms on full-field digital mammography (FFDM) and digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) and to analyze the clinical implications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We selected 561 FFDM and DBT examinations from patients without breast pathologies. Two versions of a commercial software (Quantra 2D and Quantra 3D) calculated the volumetric breast density automatically in FFDM and DBT, respectively...
February 14, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212138/deep-learning-in-mammography-diagnostic-accuracy-of-a-multipurpose-image-analysis-software-in-the-detection-of-breast-cancer
#3
Anton S Becker, Magda Marcon, Soleen Ghafoor, Moritz C Wurnig, Thomas Frauenfelder, Andreas Boss
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of a multipurpose image analysis software based on deep learning with artificial neural networks for the detection of breast cancer in an independent, dual-center mammography data set. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant study, all patients undergoing mammography in 2012 at our institution were reviewed (n = 3228). All of their prior and follow-up mammographies from a time span of 7 years (2008-2015) were considered as a reference for clinical diagnosis...
February 16, 2017: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210549/evaluation-of-discrepancies-in-weights-of-fresh-and-fixed-specimens-in-breast-surgery-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Dinesh Thekkinkattil
BACKGROUND: Handling of breast specimen is not well monitored and there is limited data on the impact of fixative solutions on specimen weights. Weight of resected breast tissue acts as a guide for future reconstructive and symmetrisation procedures. The aim is to quantitatively evaluate the discrepancies in weight of fresh breast specimen and the weight of specimen after being kept in a fixative solution for a variable length of time. METHODS: Single centre retrospective cohort study including patients undergone breast surgery for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes between January of 2013 and June 2015...
February 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209368/correlation-of-micro-vessel-density-and-c-myc-expression-in-breast-tumor-of-mice-following-mesenchymal-stem-cell-therapy
#5
Maryam Adelipour, Fatemeh Babaei, Mohammadreza Mirzababaei, Abdolamir Allameh
Stem cell therapy for degenerative diseases has been established; however there are controversies over the treatment of solid tumors with stem cell transplantation. In the present study, the anti-tumor action of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has been examined in a mouse model of breast cancer with emphasize on tumor growth, angiogenesis and c-Myc expression in breast tumors. For this purpose, MSCs were isolated from bone marrow of Balb/c mice and characterized. A Balb/c mouse model of breast cancer was developed and subjected to cell therapy intra venous (I...
January 30, 2017: Tissue & Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208769/localisation-microscopy-of-breast-epithelial-erbb-2-receptors-and-gap-junctions-trafficking-after-%C3%AE-irradiation-neuregulin-1%C3%AE-and-trastuzumab-application
#6
Götz Pilarczyk, Ines Nesnidal, Manuel Gunkel, Margund Bach, Felix Bestvater, Michael Hausmann
In cancer, vulnerable breast epithelium malignance tendency correlates with number and activation of ErbB receptor tyrosine kinases. In the presented work, we observe ErbB receptors activated by irradiation-induced DNA injury or neuregulin- 1 β application, or alternatively, attenuated by a therapeutic antibody using high resolution fluorescence localization microscopy. The gap junction turnover coinciding with ErbB receptor activation and co-transport is simultaneously recorded. DNA injury caused by 4 Gray of 6 MeV photon γ -irradiation or alternatively neuregulin- 1 β application mobilized ErbB receptors in a nucleograde fashion-a process attenuated by trastuzumab antibody application...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203117/peritumoral-lymphatic-vessel-density-and-invasion-detected-with-immunohistochemical-marker-d240-is-strongly-associated-with-distant-metastasis-in-breast-carcinoma
#7
Nur Fatiha Norhisham, Choi Yen Chong, Sabreena Safuan
BACKGROUND: Detection of vascular invasion by hematoxylin and eosin staining is the current pathological assessment practice to diagnose breast carcinoma. However, conventional hematoxylin and eosin staining failed to distinguish between blood vessel invasion and lymphatic vessel invasion. Both are important prognostic criteria however with different outcomes. The aim of this study is to distinguish between blood vessel invasion and lymphatic vessel invasion using conventional assessment and immunohistochemical markers...
2017: BMC Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202066/mitotic-counts-in-breast-cancer-should-be-standardized-with-a-uniform-sample-area
#8
Michael Bonert, Angela J Tate
BACKGROUND: Mitotic rate is routinely assessed in breast cancer cases and based on the assessment of 10 high power fields (HPF), a non-standard sample area, as per the College of American Pathologists cancer checklist. The effect of sample area variation has not been assessed. METHODS: A computer model making use of the binomial distribution was developed to calculate the misclassification rate in 1,000,000 simulated breast specimens using the extremes of field diameter (FD) and mitotic density cutoffs (3 and 8 mitoses/mm(2)), and for a sample area of 5 mm(2)...
February 16, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199328/association-of-pvuii-and-xbai-polymorphisms-on-estrogen-receptor-alpha-esr1-gene-to-changes-into-serum-lipid-profile-of-post-menopausal-women-effects-of-aging-body-mass-index-and-breast-cancer-incidence
#9
Neuza Felix Gomes-Rochette, Letícia Soncini Souza, Bruno Otoni Tommasi, Diego França Pedrosa, Sérgio Ragi Eis, Irani do Carmo Francischetto Fin, Fernando Luiz Herkenhoff Vieira, Jones Bernardes Graceli, Letícia Batista Azevedo Rangel, Ian Victor Silva
Estrogen is a steroidal hormone involved in several physiological functions in the female body including regulation of serum lipid metabolism and breast cancer (BC). Estrogen actions on serum lipids mostly occur through its binding to intracellular Estrogen Receptor alpha (ERalpha) isoform, expressed in most of tissues. This gene (ESR1) exhibit many polymorphic sites (SNPs) located either on translated and non-translated regions that regulate ERalpha protein expression and function. This paper aimed to investigate the association of two intronic SNPs of ESR1 gene, namely c454-397T>C (PvuII) and c454-351A>G (XbaI) to alterations in serum levels of total cholesterol (T-chol), total lipid (TL), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL), high density lipoprotein (HDL), and triglycerides (TG) in a cohort of post-menopausal women...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198437/increased-nutrient-availability-in-dense-breast-tissue-of-postmenopausal-women-in-vivo
#10
Annelie Abrahamsson, Anna Rzepecka, Charlotta Dabrosin
Metabolic reprogramming is a hallmark of cancer. Nutrient availability in the tissue microenvironment determines cellular events and may play a role in breast carcinogenesis. High mammographic density is an independent risk factor for breast cancer. Whether nutrient availability differs in normal breast tissues with various densities is unknown. Therefore we investigated whether breast tissues with various densities exhibited differences in nutrient availability. Healthy postmenopausal women from the regular mammographic screening program who had either predominantly fatty breast tissue (nondense), n = 18, or extremely dense breast tissue (dense), n = 20, were included...
February 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197375/tumor-infiltrating-lymphocyte-composition-organization-and-pd-1-pd-l1-expression-are-linked-in-breast-cancer
#11
Laurence Buisseret, Soizic Garaud, Alexandre de Wind, Gert Van den Eynden, Anais Boisson, Cinzia Solinas, Chunyan Gu-Trantien, Céline Naveaux, Jean-Nicolas Lodewyckx, Hugues Duvillier, Ligia Craciun, Isabelle Veys, Denis Larsimont, Martine Piccart-Gebhart, John Stagg, Christos Sotiriou, Karen Willard-Gallo
The clinical relevance of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) in breast cancer (BC) has been clearly established by their demonstrated correlation with long-term positive outcomes. Nevertheless, the relationship between protective immunity, observed in some patients, and critical features of the infiltrate remains unresolved. This study examined TIL density, composition and organization together with PD-1 and PD-L1 expression in freshly collected and paraffin-embedded tissues from 125 patients with invasive primary BC...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193010/variations-in-the-abundance-of-lipid-biomarker-ions-in-mass-spectrometry-images-correlate-to-tissue-density
#12
Jade Bilkey, Alessandra Tata, Trevor D McKee, Andreia M Porcari, Emma Bluemke, Michael Woolman, Manuela Ventura, Marcos N Eberlin, Arash Zarrine-Afsar
While mass spectrometry (MS) imaging is widely used to investigate the molecular composition of ex vivo slices of cancerous tumors, little is known about how variations in the cellular properties of cancer tissue can influence cancer biomarker ion images. To better understand the basis for variations in the abundances of cancer biomarker ions seen in MS images of relatively homogeneous ex vivo tumor samples, sections of snap frozen human breast cancer murine xenografts were subjected to desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (DESI-MS) imaging...
December 20, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187162/loss-of-caveolin-1-alters-extracellular-matrix-protein-expression-and-ductal-architecture-in-murine-mammary-glands
#13
Christopher Thompson, Sahar Rahim, Jeremiah Arnold, Abigail Hielscher
The extracellular matrix (ECM) is abnormal in breast tumors and has been reported to contribute to breast tumor progression. One factor, which may drive ongoing matrix synthesis in breast tumors, is the loss of stromal caveolin-1 (cav-1), a scaffolding protein of caveolae, which has been linked to breast tumor aggressiveness. To determine whether loss of cav-1 results in the abnormal expression of matrix proteins, mammary glands from cav- 1-/- and cav- 1 +/+ mice were investigated for differences in expression of several ECM proteins...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182052/study-of-nuclear-morphometry-on-cytology-specimens-of-benign-and-malignant-breast-lesions-a-study-of-122-cases
#14
Anamika Kashyap, Manjula Jain, Shailaja Shukla, Manoj Andley
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer has emerged as a leading site of cancer among women in India. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) has been routinely applied in assessment of breast lesions. Cytological evaluation in breast lesions is subjective with a "gray zone" of 6.9-20%. Quantitative evaluation of nuclear size, shape, texture, and density parameters by morphometry can be of diagnostic help in breast tumor. AIMS: To apply nuclear morphometry on cytological breast aspirates and assess its role in differentiating between benign and malignant breast lesions with derivation of suitable cut-off values between the two groups...
January 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181614/the-first-examples-of-multiply-bonded-dirhenium-iii-ii-paramagnetic-complexes-containing-nitrobenzoate-ligands-spectroscopic-structural-cytotoxicity-and-computational-studies
#15
Suman Mallick, Mrinal Kanti Ghosh, Suman Mandal, Vinayak Rane, Ramakant Kadam, Annesha Chatterjee, Arindam Bhattacharyya, Swarup Chattopadhyay
4-Nitrobenzoic acid, 3-nitrobenzoic acid and 4'-nitro[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-carboxylic acid react with the multiply bonded paramagnetic dirhenium(iii,ii) complex Re2(μ-O2CCH3)Cl4(μ-Ph2PCH2PPh2)2 (1) in refluxing ethanol to afford the paramagnetic substitution products of the type Re2(μ-L)Cl4(μ-Ph2PCH2PPh2)2, where L represents the nitrobenzoate ligands [L = 4-nitrobenzoate, 2; 3-nitrobenzoate, 3; 4'-nitro[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-carboxylate, 4]. These are the first examples of paramagnetic dirhenium complexes containing nitrobenzoate ligands...
February 9, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177978/the-relationship-between-geographic-access-to-plastic-surgeons-and-breast-reconstruction-rates-among-women-undergoing-mastectomy-for-cancer
#16
Andrew R Bauder, Cary P Gross, Brigid K Killelea, Paris D Butler, Stephen J Kovach, Justin P Fox
INTRODUCTION: Despite a national health care policy requiring payers to cover breast reconstruction, rates of postmastectomy reconstruction are low, particularly among minority populations. We conducted this study to determine if geographic access to a plastic surgeon impacts breast reconstruction rates. METHODS: Using 2010 inpatient and ambulatory surgery data from 10 states, we identified adult women who underwent mastectomy for breast cancer. Data were aggregated to the health service area (HSA) level and hierarchical generalized linear models were used to risk-standardize breast reconstruction rates (RSRR) across HSAs...
March 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176853/quantifying-tumor-associated-macrophages-in-breast-cancer-a-comparison-of-iron-and-fluorine-based-mri-cell-tracking
#17
Ashley V Makela, Jeffrey M Gaudet, Paula J Foster
Tumor associated macrophages (TAMs) are associated with tumor growth and metastasis. MRI can detect TAMs labeled with iron oxide (USPIO) or perfluorocarbon (PFC) agents. This study compared these two cell tracking approaches for imaging TAMs in vivo. 4T1 tumors were imaged with MRI at 4 days or 3 weeks post cell implantation after intravenous (i.v.) administration of either USPIO or PFC. Signal loss was detected within tumors at both time points post USPIO. Images acquired at 4 days demonstrated signal loss encompassing the entire tumor and around the periphery at 3 weeks...
February 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173872/childhood-body-size-and-pubertal-timing-in-relation-to-adult-mammographic-density-phenotype
#18
Minouk J Schoemaker, Michael E Jones, Steven Allen, Jean Hoare, Alan Ashworth, Mitch Dowsett, Anthony J Swerdlow
BACKGROUND: An earlier age at onset of breast development and longer time between pubertal stages has been implicated in breast cancer risk. It is not clear whether associations of breast cancer risk with puberty or predictors of onset of puberty, such as weight and height, are mediated via mammographic density, an important risk factor for breast cancer. METHODS: We investigated whether childhood body size and pubertal timing and tempo, collected by questionnaire, are associated with percentage and absolute area mammographic density at ages 47-73 years in 1105 women recruited to a prospective study...
February 7, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170298/progesterone-containing-gel-does-not-eliminate-postpartum-breast-engorgement
#19
Nikolay P Alekseev
BACKGROUND: Severe breast engorgement can cause substantial discomfort for mothers and interfere with an infant's ability to feed at the breast. The aim of the study was to clarify the possibility that the percutaneous progesterone-containing gel (Progestogel) can eliminate severe postpartum breast engorgement in lactating women. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty three patients were examined. The Progestogel for transdermal therapy in an amount of 2.5-3 g was applied to the breast...
February 7, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161786/quantification-of-masking-risk-in-screening-mammography-with-volumetric-breast-density-maps
#20
Katharina Holland, Carla H van Gils, Ritse M Mann, Nico Karssemeijer
PURPOSE: Fibroglandular tissue may mask breast cancers, thereby reducing the sensitivity of mammography. Here, we investigate methods for identification of women at high risk of a masked tumor, who could benefit from additional imaging. METHODS: The last negative screening mammograms of 111 women with interval cancer (IC) within 12 months after the examination and 1110 selected normal screening exams from women without cancer were used. From the mammograms, volumetric breast density maps were computed, which provide the dense tissue thickness for each pixel location...
February 4, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
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