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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829868/dexamethasone-without-antibiotics-for-sore-throat-reply
#1
Gail Nicola Hayward, Michael V Moore, Carl Heneghan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 22, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829865/dexamethasone-without-antibiotics-for-sore-throat
#2
David O Francis, Albert L Merati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 22, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829864/dexamethasone-without-antibiotics-for-sore-throat
#3
Svetlozar Sardovski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 22, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828564/hsp90-regulation-affects-the-treatment-of-glucocorticoid-for-pancreatitis-induced-lung-injury
#4
Yan Zhao, Ren-Ping Xiong, Xing Chen, Ping Li, Ya-Lei Ning, Nan Yang, Yan Peng, Yu-Lin Jiang, Yuan-Guo Zhou
Glucocorticoids are commonly used for the treatment of pancreatitis and complicated acute lung injury and help to reduce the mortality rates of both. The effect of gene variants in heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90), a key chaperone molecule of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR), on the therapeutic effect of glucocorticoids is unclear. Our study aims to investigate the different susceptibility to glucocorticoid treatment in BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice carrying different Hsp90 genotypes in an animal model of pancreatitis-induced lung injury...
August 21, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828184/switch-of-intravitreal-therapy-for-macular-edema-secondary-to-retinal-vein-occlusion-from-anti-vegf-to-dexamethasone-implant-and-vice-versa
#5
Amelie Pielen, Anima Desiree Bühler, Sonja Ute Heinzelmann, Daniel Böhringer, Thomas Ness, Bernd Junker
PURPOSE: To evaluate the anatomical and functional outcome of intravitreal dexamethasone implant for macular edema secondary to central (C) or branch (B) retinal vein occlusion (RVO) in patients with persistent macular edema (ME) refractory to intravitreal antivascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) treatment compared to treatment naïve patients and to dexamethasone-refractory eyes switched to anti-VEGF. METHODS: Retrospective, observational study including 30 eyes previously treated with anti-VEGF (8 CRVO, 22 BRVO, mean age 69 ± 10 yrs), compared to 11 treatment naïve eyes (6 CRVO, 5 BRVO, 73 ± 11 yrs) and compared to dexamethasone nonresponders (2 CRVO, 4 BRVO, 69 ± 12)...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827819/the-effects-of-dexamethasone-administered-during-pregnancy-on-the-postpartum-spiny-mouse-ovary
#6
Monika Hułas-Stasiak, Piotr Dobrowolski, Bożena Pawlikowska-Pawlęga, Ewa Tomaszewska, Siemowit Muszyński
Excessive exposure to glucocorticoids can alter ovarian function by modulating oogenesis, folliculogenesis and steroidogenesis. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of dexamethasone (DEX) administered during pregnancy on folliculogenesis and corpus luteum development in the postpartum spiny mouse ovary. DEX (125 μg kg-1 body weight per day) was applied to pregnant spiny mouse from day 20 of gestation to parturition. The obtained ovaries were fixed and used for immunohistochemistry and TEM analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822407/-clinical-observation-on-the-effect-of-glucocorticoid-insensitivity-on-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-patients
#7
J Hou, H Qi, Y H Dai, X M Wei, L Lu, J G Wang, W D She
Objective: To investigate the correlation between the proliferation inhibition effect of glucocorticoid (GC) on peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) and the pure tone average (PTA) improvement in SSNHL patients. Methods: Sixty inpatients with SSNHL were included from July 2013 to October 2015 in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University. Peripheral venous blood was collected before receiving treatment, then the PBMC was isolated for GC proliferation inhibition. PBMCs of each patient were cultivated into 4 groups: Group A: PBMCs+ Medium; Group B: PBMCs+ Medium+ lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 1 μmol/L); Group C: PBMCs+ Medium+ LPS+ Dexamethasone; Group D: Medium...
August 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822081/expression-profiling-of-the-map-kinase-phosphatase-family-reveals-a-role-for-dusp1-in-the-glioblastoma-stem-cell-niche
#8
Bradley N Mills, George P Albert, Marc W Halterman
The dual specificity phosphatases (DUSPs) constitute a family of stress-induced enzymes that provide feedback inhibition on mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) critical in key aspects of oncogenic signaling. While described in other tumor types, the landscape of DUSP mRNA expression in glioblastoma (GB) remains largely unexplored. Interrogation of the REpository for Molecular BRAin Neoplasia DaTa (REMBRANDT) revealed induction (DUSP4, DUSP6), repression (DUSP2, DUSP7-9), or mixed (DUSP1, DUSP5, DUSP10, DUSP15) DUSP transcription of select DUSPs in bulk tumor specimens...
August 18, 2017: Cancer Microenvironment: Official Journal of the International Cancer Microenvironment Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821342/dexamethasone-seems-to-reduce-pain-swelling-and-mouth-opening-reduction-compared-with-diclofenac-after-third-molar-extraction
#9
Romina Brignardello-Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 11, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821122/-click-hyaluronan-based-nanohydrogels-as-multifunctionalizable-carriers-for-hydrophobic-drugs
#10
Giuliana Manzi, Nicole Zoratto, Silvia Matano, Rocchina Sabia, Claudio Villani, Tommasina Coviello, Pietro Matricardi, Chiara Di Meo
Highly hydrophilic and biocompatible nanocarriers based on polysaccharide hydrogels (nanohydrogels, NHs) were shown to be promising systems for drug delivery applications. Following the idea of these emerging drug carriers, the aim of the present work was to develop self-assembled hydrogel nanoparticles based on amphiphilic derivatives of hyaluronic acid (HA) and riboflavin (Rfv), synthesized by "click" Copper(I)-catalyzed Azide-Alkyne Cycloaddition (CuAAC) reaction. The obtained amphiphilic product (HA-c-Rfv) was able to form nanohydrogels in aqueous environments, in particular by applying an innovative autoclave-based method...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819359/screening-for-cushing-syndrome-at-the-primary-care-level-what-every-general-practitioner-must-know
#11
REVIEW
Ernest Yorke, Yacoba Atiase, Josephine Akpalu, Osei Sarfo-Kantanka
Cushing's syndrome is a rare entity, and a high index of suspicion is needed for screening in a primary care setting. The clinical awareness of the primary care physician (PCP) to the highly indicative signs and symptoms such as facial plethora, proximal myopathy, reddish purple striae, and easy bruisability should alert him to look for biochemical evidence of Cushing's syndrome through any of the first-line screening tests, namely, 24-hour urinary free cortisol, overnight dexamethasone suppression test, or late-night salivary cortisol...
2017: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818674/effects-of-electroacupuncture-administered-24hours-prior-to-surgery-on-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-and-pain-in-patients-undergoing-gynecologic-laparoscopic-surgery-a-feasibility-study
#12
Sha Li, Man Zheng, Wenzhong Wu, Jie Guo, Fangbin Ji, Zhen Zheng
OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of preoperative electroacupuncture (EA), delivered 24hours before surgery, on postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and postoperative pain in patients undergoing gynecologic laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, 40 patients scheduled for elective gynecologic laparoscopic surgery were randomly assigned to the usual care (UC) group and the EA group (n = 20 each)...
June 30, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817190/a-phase-1-and-2-study-of-filanesib-alone-and-in-combination-with-low-dose-dexamethasone-in-relapsed-refractory-multiple-myeloma
#13
Jatin J Shah, Jonathan L Kaufman, Jeffrey A Zonder, Adam D Cohen, William I Bensinger, Brandi W Hilder, Selena A Rush, Duncan H Walker, Brian J Tunquist, Kevin S Litwiler, Mieke Ptaszynski, Robert Z Orlowski, Sagar Lonial
BACKGROUND: Filanesib (ARRY-520) is a highly selective inhibitor of kinesin spindle protein, which has demonstrated preclinical antimyeloma activity. METHODS: This open-label Phase 1/2 study determined the maximum tolerated dose of Filanesib administered on Days 1 and 2 of 14-Day Cycles in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and included expansion cohorts with and without dexamethasone (40 mg/week). Patients in the dose-escalation (N = 31) and Phase 2 single-agent (N = 32) cohorts had received prior bortezomib as well as prior thalidomide and/or lenalidomide...
August 17, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816692/questionnaires-in-patients-with-unilateral-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#14
Gyu Ho Hwang, Jae Woo Joo, In Sik Song, Yoon Chan Rah, June Choi
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated the prognostic value of the Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) and the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) in patients with unilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 101 patients with unilateral SSNHL (44 women, 57 men), who were admitted and treated at our institution between December 2012 and June 2014, were included in the study. All patients completed the questionnaires for DHI and THI during their admission and were treated with bed rest and oral methylprednisolone (1 mg/kg, which was eventually tapered)...
August 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816288/-recombinant-human-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-1-promotes-dental-pulp-stem-cells-proliferation-and-mineralization
#15
W Q Jia, Y M Zhao, L H Ge
OBJECTIVE: To explore suitable concentration of recombinant human transforming growth factor β1 (rhTGF-β1) usage and study the effect of rhTGF-β1 on differentiation of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs). METHODS: DPSCs were isolated from the undiseased third molars of people aged 18-25 years and cultured according to instructions in vitro. Different concentrations (1 , 6 , 10 μg/L) of rhTGF-β1 were added to the culture medium to examine DPSCs proliferation by CCK-8 (cell counting kit-8) assay...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815865/bone-marrow-and-adipose-mesenchymal-stem-cells-attenuate-cardiac-fibrosis-induced-by-methotrexate-in-rats
#16
Ebtehal Mohammad Fikry, Wedad A Hassan, Amany M Gad
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are an ideal adult stem cell with capacity for self-renewal and differentiation with an extensive tissue distribution. The present study evaluates the therapeutic effects of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) or adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AD-MSCs) against the development of methotrexate (MTX)-induced cardiac fibrosis versus dexamethasone (DEX). Rats were allocated into five groups; group 1, received normal saline orally; group 2, received MTX (14 mg/kg/week for 2 weeks); groups 3 and 4, treated once with 2 × 10(6) cells of MTX + BM-MSCs and MTX + AD-MSCs, respectively; and group 5, MTX + DEX (0...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815096/a-case-of-congenital-brainstem-oligodendroglioma-pathology-findings-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Stefan Kostadinov, Suzanne de la Monte
Congenital and perinatal primary brain neoplasms are extremely rare. Brainstem neoplasms in the perinatal and neonatal period are typically of high-grade nature and have poor prognoses with survival rates of less than 2 years from diagnosis. Herein, we report an unusual case of congenital anaplastic oligodendroglioma that arose in the pons and was detected as diffuse pontine glioma on in utero imaging studies during prenatal evaluation at 26 weeks' gestation. A male infant was delivered at 36.4 weeks of gestation via Cesarean section who developed progressive dyspnea shortly after birth...
2017: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815005/phase-i-study-evaluating-the-safety-tolerability-and-pharmacokinetics-of-a-novel-oral-dissolvable-film-containing-dexamethasone-versus-fortecortin-dexamethasone-tablets
#18
Zuzana Diamant, Gabriella Samuelsson Palmgren, Bengt Westrin, Leif Bjermer
Introduction: Systemic corticosteroids are anti-inflammatory agents with dexamethasone among the most potent in the class. Within (respiratory) allergy, systemic corticosteroids are usually applied in medical emergencies. In these situations, patients may experience physical or logistic problems taking tablets. To fulfil a practical unmet need for outpatients, Dexa ODF, an oral dissolvable film containing dexamethasone, was developed. Objectives: We compared the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics (PK) of Dexa ODF with Fortecortin tablets in healthy subjects...
2017: European Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814902/orbital-apex-cyst-a-rare-cause-of-compressive-optic-neuropathy-post-functional-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#19
Yi Ni Koh, Shu Fen Ho, Letchumanan Pathma, Harvinder Singh, Embong Zunaina
There are various causes that can lead to compressive optic neuropathy. We present here orbital apex cyst as an unusual cause of compressive optic neuropathy in a 49-year-old male. He presented with 2 weeks painless loss of vision in the left eye with left-sided headache. He had had left functional endoscopic sinus surgery for left nasal polyps 4 years earlier. Magnetic resonance imaging of brain and orbit revealed a left discrete orbital nodule, possibly orbital cyst or mucocele, which was compressing on the left optic nerve...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811496/genome-wide-expression-differences-in-anti-vegf-and-dexamethasone-treatment-of-inflammatory-angiogenesis-in-the-rat-cornea
#20
Pierfrancesco Mirabelli, Anthony Mukwaya, Anton Lennikov, Maria Xeroudaki, Beatrice Peebo, Mira Schaupper, Neil Lagali
Angiogenesis as a pathological process in the eye can lead to blindness. In the cornea, suppression of angiogenesis by anti-VEGF treatment is only partially effective while steroids, although effective in treating inflammation and angiogenesis, have broad activity leading to undesirable side effects. In this study, genome-wide expression was investigated in a suture-induced corneal neovascularization model in rats, to investigate factors differentially targeted by dexamethasone and anti-Vegf. Topical treatment with either rat-specific anti-Vegf, dexamethasone, or normal goat IgG (sham) was given to sutured corneas for 48 hours, after which in vivo imaging, tissue processing for RNA microarray, and immunofluorescence were performed...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
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