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infantile colic

N Karsan, P Prabhakar, P J Goadsby
BACKGROUND: The premonitory stage of migraine attacks, when symptomatology outside of pain can manifest hours to days before the onset of the headache, is well recognised. Such symptoms have been reported in adults in a number of studies, and have value in predicting an impending headache. These symptoms have not been extensively studied in children. We aimed to characterise which, if any, of these symptoms are reported in children seen within a Specialist Headache Service. METHODS: We reviewed clinic letters from the initial consultation of children and adolescents seen within the Specialist Headache Service at Great Ormond Street Hospital between 1999 and 2015 with migraine in whom we had prospectively assessed clinical phenotype data...
December 2016: Journal of Headache and Pain
Yvan Vandenplas, Muath Abdurrahman Alturaiki, Wafaa Al-Qabandi, Fawaz AlRefaee, Ziad Bassil, Bassam Eid, Ahmed El Beleidy, Ali Ibrahim Almehaidib, Pierre Mouawad, Maroun Sokhn
This paper covers algorithms for the management of regurgitation, constipation and infantile colic in infants. Anti-regurgitation formula may be considered in infants with troublesome regurgitation, while diagnostic investigations or drug therapy are not indicated in the absence of warning signs. Although probiotics have shown some positive evidence for the management of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs), the evidence is not strong enough to make a recommendation. A partially hydrolyzed infant formula with prebiotics and β-palmitate may be considered as a dietary intervention for functional constipation in formula fed infants...
September 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
M Camilleri, S-Y Park, E Scarpato, A Staiano
BACKGROUND: Infantile colic is a frequent problem in neonates and infants. This review addresses current management including the results for nutrient modifications; soy-based formulas; and prebiotics, probiotics, and synbiotics. PURPOSE: Given the evidence that there is still an unmet clinical need, as current treatments are incompletely efficacious, we have examined the evidence around three hypothetical mechanisms that could potentially be involved in etiopathogenesis of infantile colic: immaturity of bile acid mechanisms that alter intraluminal and absorptive mechanisms, immaturity in motility and alterations in the microbiome...
September 20, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Elena Biagioli, Valentina Tarasco, Carla Lingua, Lorenzo Moja, Francesco Savino
BACKGROUND: Infantile colic is a common disorder in the first months of life, affecting somewhere between 4% and 28% of infants worldwide, depending on geography and definitions used. Although it is self limiting and resolves by four months of age, colic is perceived by parents as a problem that requires action. Pain-relieving agents, such as drugs, sugars and herbal remedies, have been suggested as interventions to reduce crying episodes and severity of symptoms. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of pain-relieving agents for reducing colic in infants younger than four months of age...
September 16, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Peter Fallesen, Richard Breen
Marriage is a risky undertaking that people enter with incomplete information about their partner and their future life circumstances. A large literature has shown how new information gained from unforeseen but long-lasting or permanent changes in life circumstances may trigger a divorce. We extend this literature by considering how information gained from a temporary change in life circumstances-in our case, a couple having a child with infantile colic-may affect divorce behavior. Although persistent life changes are known to induce divorce, we argue that a temporary stressful situation allows couples more quickly to discern the quality of their relationship, in some cases leading them to divorce sooner than they otherwise would have...
October 2016: Demography
Chinonyerem Ashley Pace
Infantile colic is a self-limiting condition characterized by recurrent, prolonged periods of intense crying in an inconsolable infant. The etiology is unknown although many hypotheses have been proposed. Colic can be very frustrating for parents to deal with, thus it is important to provide reassurance and resources. Also, there are therapeutic interventions available that have shown some efficacy in reducing the symptoms of colic, but more evidence is needed to support their use.
August 15, 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
P Comberiati, M Landi, A Martelli, G L Piacentini, C Capristo, G Paiola, D G Peroni
BACKGROUND: Allergic enterocolitis, also known as food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES), is an increasingly reported and potentially severe non-IgE mediated food allergy of the first years of life, which is often misdiagnosed due to its non-specific presenting symptoms and lack of diagnostic guidelines. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the knowledge of clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic features of FPIES among Italian primary-care paediatricians...
September 2016: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
Anna Pärtty, Marko Kalliomäki, Seppo Salminen, Erika Isolauri
OBJECTIVE: Dysbiosis, an imbalance in the taxonomic composition of the gut bacteria occurring during the critical stages of development, induces lasting shifts in the immunological and metabolic phenotype if accompanied by an inflammatory response. As altered gut microbiota and successful treatment with probiotics have both been demonstrated in cases of colic, we hypothesized here that infants with colic might have low-grade inflammation. METHODS: In 28 infants with colic and in 12 healthy controls at the age of one month, we measured the following serum immunological biomarkers: cytokines interleukin 1β (IL-1β); IL-6; IL-10; tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α); interferon γ (IFN-γ); chemokines IL-8; monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1); macrophage inflammatory protein1β (MIP-1β) and chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 16 (CXCL16); intestinal-fatty-acid-binding protein (ifabp), a biomarker of enterocyte damage and zonulin, a biomarker of intestinal permeability...
July 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Ali Sheidaei, Alireza Abadi, Farid Zayeri, Fatemeh Nahidi, Nafiseh Gazerani, Anita Mansouri
BACKGROUND: Infantile colic, cry-fuss and sleep problems are transient in the initial months of life, but they contribute to maternal depression, parenting stress and family mental health problems. In this randomized clinical trial, we aimed to explore the efficacy of massage therapy compared to rocking in reducing infantile colic symptoms including duration and number of cries, sleep duration and severity of infant colic. METHODS: This was a single blind RCT study with a one-week follow-up...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Yvan Vandenplas
Regurgitation, infantile colic and, or, constipationare frequent during the first 12 months of life, and although they aremost of the time functional disorders, these conditions can also be related to cow's milk. Practical algorithms for their management are presented. Management consists of exclusion of warning signs for organic disease, parental reassurance and nutritional strategies. The proposed algorithms will assist healthcare providers to manage frequent gastrointestinal and cows' milkrelated symptoms in infants...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Hania Szajewska, Radosław Dryl
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Evidence suggests that the gut microbiota in subjects with infantile colic differs from the gut microbiota in an unaffected population. In colicky infants, dysbiosis may affect gut motor function and gas production resulting in abdominal pain/colic. If so, it is logical to assume that manipulation of the gut microbiota may play a therapeutic role and also could be a preventive measure in the evolution of these disorders. We aimed to evaluate evidence on the effectiveness of probiotics for treating and preventing infantile colic...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Luana Amancio, Maira Fedrizzi, Nilzete Liberato Bresolin, Maria Goretti Moreira Guimarães Penido
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric urolithiasis has become more prevalent in recent decades, with high recurrence rates and considerable morbidity. Most children with idiopathic urolithiasis have an underlying metabolic abnormality and proper research provides therapeutic interventions to reduce the formation of new stones and its complications. OBJECTIVE: To identify demographic and clinical characteristics of pediatric urolithiasis, etiology, treatment management, disease recurrence and patient outcomes in a tertiary care pediatric hospital...
March 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
William Qubty, Amy A Gelfand
Infantile colic is a self-limiting disorder of excessive infant crying or fussiness that peaks at 6 weeks of age and typically improves by 3 months of age. The etiology of infantile colic has yet to be definitively elucidated, but there is increasing research to support its relationship to migraine. The aims of this review are to present recent research investigating the connection between infantile colic and migraine. The importance of identifying this connection is useful in reducing invasive and potentially harmful investigations and to identify age appropriate pharmacologic interventions that would be safe in this population...
May 2016: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Hania Szajewska, Zofia Konarska, Maciej Kołodziej
BACKGROUND: Probiotics are live microorganisms that, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit for the host. This review summarizes current (i.e. published in the last 5 years) key evidence on probiotic efficacy and its safety in adults and children. To identify relevant data, searches of MEDLINE and the Cochrane Library databases were performed in August 2015 to locate randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or their meta-analyses. The focus was on commonly used, well-specified, bacterial and yeast probiotics for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders...
2016: Digestive Diseases
Mauro Batista de Morais
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the development and prevalence of gastrointestinal signs and symptoms associated with the development of the digestive tract, and to assess the measures aimed to reduce their negative impacts. SOURCE OF DATA: Considering the scope and comprehensiveness of the subject, a systematic review of the literature was not carried out. The Medline database was used to identify references that would allow the analysis of the study topics. SYNTHESIS OF RESULTS: Infants frequently show several gastrointestinal signs and symptoms...
May 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Howard Jacobs, Samata Singhi, Jack Gladstein
Comorbid conditions frequently occur in pediatric headaches and may significantly affect their management. Comorbidities that have been associated with pediatric headaches include attention-deficit or hyperactivity disorder, autism, developmental disabilities, depression, anxiety, epilepsy, obesity, infantile colic, atopic disorders, inflammatory bowel disease, and irritable bowel syndrome. The goal of this article is to review these comorbidities associated with pediatric headache, thereby empowering child neurologists to identify common triggers and tailor management strategies that address headache and its comorbidities...
February 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
Ricardo Halpern, Renato Coelho
OBJECTIVE: Review the literature on excessive crying in young infants, also known as infantile colic, and its effects on family dynamics, its pathophysiology, and new treatment interventions. DATA SOURCE: The literature review was carried out in the Medline, PsycINFO, LILACS, SciELO, and Cochrane Library databases, using the terms "excessive crying," and "infantile colic," as well technical books and technical reports on child development, selecting the most relevant articles on the subject, with emphasis on recent literature published in the last five years...
May 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Katarina Vulin, Iva Hojsak
Infantile colic have been known for the long time and are one of the most common reasons for pediatrician's appointment in early infancy. However, their etiology and pathogenesis are yet to be determined. Diagnosis is based on thorough medical history and physical examination. Special attention should be given to red flags or warning signs which could indicate a presence of serious illness. If no other abnormality is present, except inconsolable crying, there is no need for further diagnostic procedures. There is an extensive range of proposed therapeutic measures; however scientific evidence for all of them is scarce...
November 2015: Lijec̆nic̆ki Vjesnik
Anna Schreck Bird, Philip J Gregory, Mohamed A Jalloh, Zara Risoldi Cochrane, Darren J Hein
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether clinical data support the safety and efficacy of probiotics for the management of infantile colic. BACKGROUND: Probiotics have been suggested as a potential strategy for infantile colic, and the specific species that have been studied in healthy infants are considered to be safe. METHODOLOGY: A systematic review was conducted to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the use of probiotic supplementation in infants with colic...
March 2, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Pablo Obando Pacheco, Patricia Luisa Martínez-Martínez, Yolanda Pérez de Eulate Bazán, José Luis de la Mota Ybancos, Guillermo Milano Manso, Carlos Sierra Salinas
Intoxications in pediatric age represent a frequent cause of visit to the hospital emergency unit. Herb-made products can be toxic for the infant. The neurotoxic properties of the star anise (Illicium verum) have been widely described, although it is a classic product used to treat the infantile colic. Hepatic failure due to the consumption of anise herb elaborated infusions is presented as an exceptional finding in our environment. A case of a 4-month-old infant with hypertransaminasemia, severe coagulopathy, non ketotic hypoglycemia, moderated metabolic acidosis and neurologic symptoms such as seizures and nistagmus is described...
February 15, 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
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