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infantile colic

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093383/effect-of-minimal-acupuncture-for-infantile-colic-a-multicentre-three-armed-single-blind-randomised-controlled-trial-acu-col
#1
Kajsa Landgren, Inger Hallström
BACKGROUND: Evidence for treating infantile colic with acupuncture is contradictory. AIM: To evaluate and compare the effect of two types of acupuncture versus no acupuncture in infants with colic in public child health centres (CHCs). METHODS: A multicentre, randomised controlled, single-blind, three-armed trial (ACU-COL) comparing two styles of acupuncture with no acupuncture, as an adjunct to standard care, was conducted. Among 426 infants whose parents sought help for colic and registered their child's fussing/crying in a diary, 157 fulfilled the criteria for colic and 147 started the intervention...
January 16, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064261/clinical-effects-of-prebiotics-in-pediatric-population
#2
Rok Orel, Lea Vodušek Reberšak
CONTEXT: Prebiotics are non-digestible components of food that in a selective manner trigger the expansion of microbes in the gut with valuable effects for the health of the host. In our document, current literature pertaining to the clinical effects of the use of prebiotics for the treatment and prevention of some common pediatric pathology such as infantile colic, constipation, absorption of minerals, weight gain, diarrhea, respiratory infections, and eczema is reviewed. EVIDENCE: Data was collected through search of the MEDLINE, PubMed, UpToDate, Cochrane Database of Systemic Reviews, and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register database as well as through references from relevant articles, all until September 2015...
December 15, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031972/colic-management-an-interview-with-professors-staiano-and-miele
#3
Annamaria Staiano, Erasmo Miele
Annamaria Staiano and Erasmo Miele speak to Francesca Lake, Managing Editor: Following the presentation of the results from an Italian trial on the treatment of infantile colic through the combination of herbal agents and probiotics, Annamaria Staiano (Professor of Paediatrics) and Erasmo Miele (Assistant Professor of Paediatrics; both Naples University, Italy) discuss childhood gastrointestinal disorders. With an introduction to the topic written by Staiano, Miele proceeds to further discuss the topic.
June 2016: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918315/the-gut-microbiota-as-a-key-regulator-of-visceral-pain
#4
Siobhain M O' Mahony, Timothy G Dinan, John F Cryan
Visceral pain is a significant and prevalent feature of several disorders including the functional gastrointestinal disorder, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Treatment strategies are limited and often unsatisfactory which has opened up new research avenues into the aetiology of visceral pain. This research has led to an increased appreciation of the role of the brain gut axis in modulating viscera pain responses. More recently, the interactions between the gut microbiota and the central nervous system have emerged indicating that visceral pain related disorders may be prospective candidates for symptom relief via microbial manipulation...
November 29, 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910234/luminal-contents-from-the-gut-of-colicky-infants-induce-visceral-hypersensitivity-in-mice
#5
H Eutamène, C L Garcia-Rodenas, S Yvon, E d'Aldebert, F Foata, B Berger, J Sauser, V Theodorou, G Bergonzelli, E Mas
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of infantile colic is poorly understood, though various studies report gut microbiota dysbiosis in colicky infants. We aimed to test the hypothesis that colic-related dysbiosis is associated with visceral hypersensitivity triggered by an altered luminal milieu. METHODS: Fecal samples from seven colicky and seven non-colicky infants were studied. Fecal supernatants (FS) were infused into the colons of C57/Bl6 mice (n=10/specimen). Visceral sensitivity was subsequently assessed in the animals by recording their abdominal muscle response to colorectal distension (CRD) by electromyography (EMG)...
December 1, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801789/administration-of-a-multi-strain-probiotic-product-to-women-in-the-perinatal-period-differentially-affects-the-breast-milk-cytokine-profile-and-may-have-beneficial-effects-on-neonatal-gastrointestinal-functional-symptoms-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Maria Elisabetta Baldassarre, Antonio Di Mauro, Paola Mastromarino, Margherita Fanelli, Domenico Martinelli, Flavia Urbano, Daniela Capobianco, Nicola Laforgia
BACKGROUND: Probiotic supplementation to women during pregnancy and lactation can modulate breast milk composition, with immune benefits being transferred to their infants. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of high-dose probiotic supplementation to women during late pregnancy and lactation on cytokine profile and secretory IgA (sIgA) in breast milk and thus to study if differences in breast milk composition can affect lactoferrin and sIgA levels in stool samples of newborns...
October 27, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774001/the-significance-of-the-enteric-microbiome-on-the-development-of-childhood-disease-a-review-of-prebiotic-and-probiotic-therapies-in-disorders-of-childhood
#7
REVIEW
John Slattery, Derrick F MacFabe, Richard E Frye
Recent studies have highlighted the fact that the enteric microbiome, the trillions of microbes that inhabit the human digestive tract, has a significant effect on health and disease. Methods for manipulating the enteric microbiome, particularly through probiotics and microbial ecosystem transplantation, have undergone some study in clinical trials. We review some of the evidence for microbiome alteration in relation to childhood disease and discuss the clinical trials that have examined the manipulation of the microbiome in an effort to prevent or treat childhood disease with a primary focus on probiotics, prebiotics, and/or synbiotics (ie, probiotics + prebiotics)...
2016: Clinical Medicine Insights. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770403/characterising-the-premonitory-stage-of-migraine-in-children-a-clinic-based-study-of-100-patients-in-a-specialist-headache-service
#8
N Karsan, P Prabhakar, P J Goadsby
BACKGROUND: The premonitory stage of migraine attacks, when symptomatology outside of pain can manifest hours to days before the onset of the headache, is well recognised. Such symptoms have been reported in adults in a number of studies, and have value in predicting an impending headache. These symptoms have not been extensively studied in children. We aimed to characterise which, if any, of these symptoms are reported in children seen within a Specialist Headache Service. METHODS: We reviewed clinic letters from the initial consultation of children and adolescents seen within the Specialist Headache Service at Great Ormond Street Hospital between 1999 and 2015 with migraine in whom we had prospectively assessed clinical phenotype data...
December 2016: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738596/middle-east-consensus-statement-on-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-12-months-old-infants
#9
REVIEW
Yvan Vandenplas, Muath Abdurrahman Alturaiki, Wafaa Al-Qabandi, Fawaz AlRefaee, Ziad Bassil, Bassam Eid, Ahmed El Beleidy, Ali Ibrahim Almehaidib, Pierre Mouawad, Maroun Sokhn
This paper covers algorithms for the management of regurgitation, constipation and infantile colic in infants. Anti-regurgitation formula may be considered in infants with troublesome regurgitation, while diagnostic investigations or drug therapy are not indicated in the absence of warning signs. Although probiotics have shown some positive evidence for the management of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs), the evidence is not strong enough to make a recommendation. A partially hydrolyzed infant formula with prebiotics and β-palmitate may be considered as a dietary intervention for functional constipation in formula fed infants...
September 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647578/exploring-hypotheses-and-rationale-for-causes-of-infantile-colic
#10
M Camilleri, S-Y Park, E Scarpato, A Staiano
BACKGROUND: Infantile colic is a frequent problem in neonates and infants. This review addresses current management including the results for nutrient modifications; soy-based formulas; and prebiotics, probiotics, and synbiotics. PURPOSE: Given the evidence that there is still an unmet clinical need, as current treatments are incompletely efficacious, we have examined the evidence around three hypothetical mechanisms that could potentially be involved in etiopathogenesis of infantile colic: immaturity of bile acid mechanisms that alter intraluminal and absorptive mechanisms, immaturity in motility and alterations in the microbiome...
September 20, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631535/pain-relieving-agents-for-infantile-colic
#11
Elena Biagioli, Valentina Tarasco, Carla Lingua, Lorenzo Moja, Francesco Savino
BACKGROUND: Infantile colic is a common disorder in the first months of life, affecting somewhere between 4% and 28% of infants worldwide, depending on geography and definitions used. Although it is self limiting and resolves by four months of age, colic is perceived by parents as a problem that requires action. Pain-relieving agents, such as drugs, sugars and herbal remedies, have been suggested as interventions to reduce crying episodes and severity of symptoms. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of pain-relieving agents for reducing colic in infants younger than four months of age...
September 16, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624322/temporary-life-changes-and-the-timing-of-divorce
#12
Peter Fallesen, Richard Breen
Marriage is a risky undertaking that people enter with incomplete information about their partner and their future life circumstances. A large literature has shown how new information gained from unforeseen but long-lasting or permanent changes in life circumstances may trigger a divorce. We extend this literature by considering how information gained from a temporary change in life circumstances-in our case, a couple having a child with infantile colic-may affect divorce behavior. Although persistent life changes are known to induce divorce, we argue that a temporary stressful situation allows couples more quickly to discern the quality of their relationship, in some cases leading them to divorce sooner than they otherwise would have...
October 2016: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530504/infantile-colic-what-to-know-for-the-primary-care-setting
#13
Chinonyerem Ashley Pace
Infantile colic is a self-limiting condition characterized by recurrent, prolonged periods of intense crying in an inconsolable infant. The etiology is unknown although many hypotheses have been proposed. Colic can be very frustrating for parents to deal with, thus it is important to provide reassurance and resources. Also, there are therapeutic interventions available that have shown some efficacy in reducing the symptoms of colic, but more evidence is needed to support their use.
August 15, 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498217/awareness-of-allergic-enterocolitis-among-primary-care-paediatricians-a-web-based-pilot-survey
#14
P Comberiati, M Landi, A Martelli, G L Piacentini, C Capristo, G Paiola, D G Peroni
BACKGROUND: Allergic enterocolitis, also known as food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES), is an increasingly reported and potentially severe non-IgE mediated food allergy of the first years of life, which is often misdiagnosed due to its non-specific presenting symptoms and lack of diagnostic guidelines. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the knowledge of clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic features of FPIES among Italian primary-care paediatricians...
September 2016: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478897/infantile-colic-is-associated-with-low-grade-systemic-inflammation
#15
Anna Pärtty, Marko Kalliomäki, Seppo Salminen, Erika Isolauri
OBJECTIVE: Dysbiosis, an imbalance in the taxonomic composition of the gut bacteria occurring during the critical stages of development, induces lasting shifts in the immunological and metabolic phenotype if accompanied by an inflammatory response. As altered gut microbiota and successful treatment with probiotics have both been demonstrated in cases of colic, we hypothesized here that infants with colic might have low-grade inflammation. METHODS: In 28 infants with colic and in 12 healthy controls at the age of one month, we measured the following serum immunological biomarkers: cytokines interleukin 1β (IL-1β); IL-6; IL-10; tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α); interferon γ (IFN-γ); chemokines IL-8; monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1); macrophage inflammatory protein1β (MIP-1β) and chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 16 (CXCL16); intestinal-fatty-acid-binding protein (ifabp), a biomarker of enterocyte damage and zonulin, a biomarker of intestinal permeability...
July 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453882/the-effectiveness-of-massage-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-infantile-colic-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Ali Sheidaei, Alireza Abadi, Farid Zayeri, Fatemeh Nahidi, Nafiseh Gazerani, Anita Mansouri
BACKGROUND: Infantile colic, cry-fuss and sleep problems are transient in the initial months of life, but they contribute to maternal depression, parenting stress and family mental health problems. In this randomized clinical trial, we aimed to explore the efficacy of massage therapy compared to rocking in reducing infantile colic symptoms including duration and number of cries, sleep duration and severity of infant colic. METHODS: This was a single blind RCT study with a one-week follow-up...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27380599/algorithms-for-common-gastrointestinal-disorders
#17
Yvan Vandenplas
Regurgitation, infantile colic and, or, constipationare frequent during the first 12 months of life, and although they aremost of the time functional disorders, these conditions can also be related to cow's milk. Practical algorithms for their management are presented. Management consists of exclusion of warning signs for organic disease, parental reassurance and nutritional strategies. The proposed algorithms will assist healthcare providers to manage frequent gastrointestinal and cows' milkrelated symptoms in infants...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27380594/probiotics-for-the-management-of-infantile-colic
#18
Hania Szajewska, Radosław Dryl
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Evidence suggests that the gut microbiota in subjects with infantile colic differs from the gut microbiota in an unaffected population. In colicky infants, dysbiosis may affect gut motor function and gas production resulting in abdominal pain/colic. If so, it is logical to assume that manipulation of the gut microbiota may play a therapeutic role and also could be a preventive measure in the evolution of these disorders. We aimed to evaluate evidence on the effectiveness of probiotics for treating and preventing infantile colic...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27049370/pediatric-urolithiasis-experience-at-a-tertiary-care-pediatric-hospital
#19
Luana Amancio, Maira Fedrizzi, Nilzete Liberato Bresolin, Maria Goretti Moreira Guimarães Penido
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric urolithiasis has become more prevalent in recent decades, with high recurrence rates and considerable morbidity. Most children with idiopathic urolithiasis have an underlying metabolic abnormality and proper research provides therapeutic interventions to reduce the formation of new stones and its complications. OBJECTIVE: To identify demographic and clinical characteristics of pediatric urolithiasis, etiology, treatment management, disease recurrence and patient outcomes in a tertiary care pediatric hospital...
March 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27038970/the-link-between-infantile-colic-and-migraine
#20
REVIEW
William Qubty, Amy A Gelfand
Infantile colic is a self-limiting disorder of excessive infant crying or fussiness that peaks at 6 weeks of age and typically improves by 3 months of age. The etiology of infantile colic has yet to be definitively elucidated, but there is increasing research to support its relationship to migraine. The aims of this review are to present recent research investigating the connection between infantile colic and migraine. The importance of identifying this connection is useful in reducing invasive and potentially harmful investigations and to identify age appropriate pharmacologic interventions that would be safe in this population...
May 2016: Current Pain and Headache Reports
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