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pregnancy nutritional factors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143627/conceptualizing-pathways-linking-women-s-empowerment-and-prematurity-in-developing-countries
#1
Patience A Afulani, Molly Altman, Joseph Musana, May Sudhinaraset
BACKGROUND: Globally, prematurity is the leading cause of death in children under the age of 5. Many efforts have focused on clinical approaches to improve the survival of premature babies. There is a need, however, to explore psychosocial, sociocultural, economic, and other factors as potential mechanisms to reduce the burden of prematurity. Women's empowerment may be a catalyst for moving the needle in this direction. The goal of this paper is to examine links between women's empowerment and prematurity in developing settings...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137132/maternal-vitamin-d-status-and-the-relationship-with-neonatal-anthropometric-and-childhood-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-results-from-the-seychelles-child-development-nutrition-study
#2
Eamon Laird, Sally W Thurston, Edwin van Wijngaarden, Conrad F Shamlaye, Gary J Myers, Philip W Davidson, Gene E Watson, Emeir M McSorley, Maria S Mulhern, Alison J Yeates, Mary Ward, Helene McNulty, J J Strain
Vitamin D has an important role in early life; however, the optimal vitamin D status during pregnancy is currently unclear. There have been recent calls for pregnant women to maintain circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations >100 nmol/L for health, yet little is known about the long-term potential benefits or safety of achieving such high maternal 25(OH)D concentrations for infant or child health outcomes. We examined maternal vitamin D status and its associations with infant anthropometric and later childhood neurocognitive outcomes in a mother-child cohort in a sun-rich country near the equator (4...
November 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131489/evaluation-of-the-serum-zinc-level-in-adult-patients-with-melasma-is-there-a-relationship-with-serum-zinc-deficiency-and-melasma
#3
Majid Rostami Mogaddam, Nastaran Safavi Ardabili, Manouchehr Iranparvar Alamdari, Nasrollah Maleki, Maryam Aghabalaei Danesh
BACKGROUND: Melasma is a common acquired hypermelanosis of sun-exposed skin, particularly on the face, which presents as symmetric, light- to gray-brown-colored macules and patches. There are several studies of serum zinc levels in cutaneous disorders. So far, no studies have been carried out to assess the serum zinc level in patients with melasma. The aim of this study is to determine the serum zinc level in patients with melasma compared to healthy subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 118 patients with melasma and 118 healthy controls were enrolled in this prospective cross-sectional study...
November 12, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126796/pregnancy-nutrition-knowledge-and-experiences-of-pregnant-women-and-antenatal-care-clinicians-a-mixed-methods-approach
#4
Amelia Lee, Michelle Newton, Jessica Radcliffe, Regina Belski
BACKGROUND: Dietary intake of pregnant women do not appear to meet the dietary recommendations. Nutrition knowledge and practices of pregnant women and their antenatal care clinicians are factors that may be influential on dietary intakes of pregnant women. AIM: To assess and compare pregnancy nutrition recommendation knowledge and to explore how nutrition knowledge impacts on food choices in pregnant women and nutrition education practices of antenatal care providers...
November 7, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123406/prophylactic-iron-supplementation-in-pregnancy-a-controversial-issue
#5
REVIEW
João Ricardo Friedrisch, Bruno Kras Friedrisch
In our world today, iron deficiency (ID) is the most frequent nutritional deficiency and it is being considered as an epidemic public health crisis. Women of reproductive age and infants are at particular risk of ID, especially in underdeveloped countries. During pregnancy, iron deficiency anemia is a specific risk factor associated with negative maternal and perinatal outcomes. Many countries have iron supplementation (IS) programs-as recommended by the World Health Organization-during pregnancy; however, IS clinical benefits and risks are unclear...
2017: Biochemistry Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120272/factors-associated-with-adherence-to-nutritional-recommendations-before-and-during-pregnancy
#6
Rocío Olmedo-Requena, Julia Gómez-Fernández, Juan Mozas-Moreno, Anne-Mary Lewis-Mikhael, Aurora Bueno-Cavanillas, José-Juan Jiménez-Moleón
Several epidemiologic studies and clinical trials have demonstrated the value of balanced nutrition during pregnancy. This study aimed to examine the degree of adherence to nutritional recommendations among 1,175 pregnant Spanish women and factors associated with such adherence pre-pregnancy and during the first half of pregnancy. Data were collected during June 2004 to March 2007 and included socio-demographic and lifestyle factors. Crude and adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were computed using logistic regression models to identify factors associated with adherence to dietary recommendations...
November 9, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113038/micronutrient-dietary-intake-in-latina-pregnant-adolescents-and-its-association-with-level-of-depression-stress-and-social-support
#7
Angelie Singh, Caroline Trumpff, Jeanine Genkinger, Alida Davis, Marisa Spann, Elizabeth Werner, Catherine Monk
Adolescent pregnant women are at greater risk for nutritional deficits, stress, and depression than their adult counterparts, and these risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes are likely interrelated. This study evaluated the prevalence of nutritional deficits in pregnant teenagers and assessed the associations among micronutrient dietary intake, stress, and depression. One hundred and eight pregnant Latina adolescents completed an Automated Self-Administered 24-hour dietary recall (ASA24) in the 2nd trimester...
November 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108632/chorionic-vascular-fit-in-the-human-placenta-relationship-to-fetoplacental-outcomes
#8
Carolyn M Salafia, Ruchit G Shah, Dawn P Misra, Jennifer K Straughen, Drucilla J Roberts, Larry Troxler, Simon P Morgan, Barbara Eucker, John M Thorp
BACKGROUND: Novel measures of the chorionic plate and vessels are used to test the hypothesis that variation in placental structure is correlated with reduced birth weight (BW) independent of placental weight (PW), suggesting functionally compromised placentas. METHODS: 916 mothers recruited to the Pregnancy, Infection and Nutrition Study delivering singleton live born infants at >30 gestational weeks had placentas collected, digitally photographed and weighed prior to formalin fixation...
November 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108162/fetal-therapy-for-down-syndrome-report-of-three-cases-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#9
Patrick James Baggot, Rocel Medina Baggot
BACKGROUND: Down syndrome (trisomy 21) is a well-known cause of mental retardation. It can be diagnosed in early pregnancy. Scientists have made great strides in outlining the pathophysiologic mechanisms of mental retardation in Down syndrome. Much less has been published on human therapy. To our knowledge, these are the first published cases of fetal therapy for Down syndrome. METHODOLOGY: Reports of three cases. In all cases, treatment was both biochemical (e...
2017: Issues in Law & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105382/hypoxia-from-placental-development-to-fetal-programming
#10
REVIEW
Lais Fajersztajn, Mariana Matera Veras
Hypoxia may influence normal and different pathological processes. Low oxygenation activates a variety of responses, many of them regulated by hypoxia-inducible factor 1 complex, which is mostly involved in cellular control of O2 consumption and delivery, inhibition of growth and development, and promotion of anaerobic metabolism. Hypoxia plays a significant physiological role in fetal development; it is involved in different embryonic processes, for example, placentation, angiogenesis, and hematopoiesis. More recently, fetal hypoxia has been associated directly or indirectly with fetal programming of heart, brain, and kidney function and metabolism in adulthood...
October 16, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089166/prenatal-mercury-exposure-maternal-seafood-consumption-and-associations-with-child-language-at-five-years
#11
Kristine Vejrup, Ragnhild Eek Brandlistuen, Anne Lise Brantsæter, Helle Katrine Knutsen, Ida Henriette Caspersen, Jan Alexander, Thomas Lundh, Helle Margrete Meltzer, Per Magnus, Margaretha Haugen
BACKGROUND: Methyl mercury (MeHg) is a well-known neurotoxin and evidence suggests that also low level exposure may affect prenatal neurodevelopment. Uncertainty exists as to whether the maternal MeHg burden in Norway might affect child neurodevelopment. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between prenatal mercury exposure, maternal seafood consumption and child language and communication skills at age five. METHODS: The study sample comprised 38,581 mother-child pairs in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study...
January 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084139/the-impact-of-iodine-status-on-the-recall-rate-of-the-screening-program-for-congenital-hypothyroidism-findings-from-two-national-studies-in-iran
#12
Ladan Mehran, Shahin Yarahmadi, Davood Khalili, Pantea Nazeri, Hossein Delshad, Zahra Abdollahi, Nasrin Azhang, Fereidoun Azizi
Back ground: Iodine deficiency is one of the important factors in increasing the recall rate in congenital hypothyroidism (CH) screening programs. The present study assessed whether the iodine status of the general population may predict the recall rate or vice versa. METHODS: In the current national study, among 1,382,229 live births delivered between March 2010 and March 2011, 1,288,237 neonates were screened for detecting CH by TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) measurement via heel prick sampling...
October 30, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072041/epidemiology-of-serratia-marcescens-infections-in-nicu-of-a-teaching-and-research-hospital-in-northern-italy
#13
Elisa Buttinelli, Ilaria Ardoino, Giulia Domeniconi, Monica Lanzoni, Lorenza Pugni, Andrea Ronchi, Fabio Mosca, Elia Biganzoli, Silvana Castaldi
BACKGROUND: Serratia marcescens (Sm) is a known cause of infection and colonization in neonates receiving intensive care. The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors for colonization and infection with Sm in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of a tertiary care Hospital. METHODS: A casecontrol study was conducted from January to December 2011 in neonates admitted to the NICU. Cases are patients with a microbiologically confirmed infection or colonization, controls were randomly chosen among patients admitted to the same NICU...
October 25, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062316/preterm-birth-affects-the-risk-of-developing-immune-mediated-diseases
#14
Sybelle Goedicke-Fritz, Christoph Härtel, Gabriela Krasteva-Christ, Matthias V Kopp, Sascha Meyer, Michael Zemlin
Prematurity affects approximately 10% of all children, resulting in drastically altered antigen exposure due to premature confrontation with microbes, nutritional antigens, and other environmental factors. During the last trimester of pregnancy, the fetal immune system adapts to tolerate maternal and self-antigens, while also preparing for postnatal immune defense by acquiring passive immunity from the mother. Since the perinatal period is regarded as the most important "window of opportunity" for imprinting metabolism and immunity, preterm birth may have long-term consequences for the development of immune-mediated diseases...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062181/micronutrients-drift-during-daily-and-weekly-iron-supplementation-in-non-anaemic-and-anaemic-pregnancy
#15
Hari Shankar, Neeta Kumar, Rajat Sandhir, Suneeta Mittal, Tulsi Adhikari, Arun Kumar, D N Rao
AIMS: Pregnancy is a phenomenon associated with dynamic changes in physical, mental and biochemical status of body and demands increased nutritional intake for developing foetus. The level of various micronutrients which act as co-factors for antioxidant enzymes or it-self as antioxidants gets altered with the progression of pregnancy. The present longitudinal study summarized the trend of selected micronutrients level in anaemic (AP) and non-anaemic primigravida (NAP) supplemented with daily and weekly oral iron folic acid (IFA) tablet during pregnancy and postpartum...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061134/a-birth-cohort-study-in-the-middle-east-the-qatari-birth-cohort-study-qbic-phase-i
#16
Eman Sadoun, Vasiliki Leventakou, Maribel Casas, Heba Fawzy Ahmed, Manolis Kogevinas, Eleni Fthenou
BACKGROUND: The latest scientific reports raise concerns about the rapidly increasing burden of chronic diseases in the state of Qatar. Pregnant Qatari women often confront complications during pregnancy including gestational diabetes, hypertension, abortion and stillbirth. The investigation of early life environmental, genetic, nutritional and social factors that may affect lifelong health is of great importance. Birth cohort studies offer a great opportunity to address early life hazards and their possible long lasting effects on health...
October 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057134/spiral-fracture-in-young-infant-causing-a-diagnostic-dilemma-nutritional-rickets-versus-child-abuse
#17
Sonia Kaushal, Manish Raisingani, Raphael David, Bina Shah
Fractures are uncommon in young, nonambulatory infants. The differential diagnosis includes nonaccidental injury (NAI) and metabolic bone disease, including rickets. While rickets typically present after six months of age, multiple cases have been reported in younger infants. We report a case of an 11-week-old male infant who presented with a spiral fracture of the humerus and no radiologic evidence of rickets. A detailed psychosocial assessment failed to reveal any risk factors for NAI. The patient had elevated alkaline phosphatase and PTH with low 25 hydroxyvitamin D and 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D levels...
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052046/headache-and-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#18
A Negro, Z Delaruelle, T A Ivanova, S Khan, R Ornello, B Raffaelli, A Terrin, U Reuter, D D Mitsikostas
This systematic review summarizes the existing data on headache and pregnancy with a scope on clinical headache phenotypes, treatment of headaches in pregnancy and effects of headache medications on the child during pregnancy and breastfeeding, headache related complications, and diagnostics of headache in pregnancy. Headache during pregnancy can be both primary and secondary, and in the last case can be a symptom of a life-threatening condition. The most common secondary headaches are stroke, cerebral venous thrombosis, subarachnoid hemorrhage, pituitary tumor, choriocarcinoma, eclampsia, preeclampsia, idiopathic intracranial hypertension, and reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048355/factors-associated-with-malnutrition-among-under-five-children-illustration-using-bangladesh-demographic-and-health-survey-2014-data
#19
Ashis Talukder
Child malnutrition remains one of the major public health problems in many parts of the world, especially in a developing country like Bangladesh. Several socioeconomic and demographic factors are responsible for this condition. The present study was conducted to uncover the risk factors associated with malnutrition among under-five children in Bangladesh by analyzing the data from a nationally representative Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) in 2014. The ordinal dependent variable-child nutrition status (severely malnourished, moderately malnourished, and nourished)-was developed by calculating weight-for-age Z score (WAZ)...
October 19, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038708/factors-affecting-the-choice-of-type-of-delivery-with-breast-feeding-in-iranian-mothers
#20
Farangis Sharifi, Soheila Nouraei, Nader Sharifi
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the factors affecting the choice of type of delivery with breast feeding in Iranian mothers. METHODS: This Cross section descriptive analytic study was performed using a random sampling technique, using data from 400 pregnant women who attended the maternity centers in Borazjan and Kazerun in Iran in 2014. A questionnaire covering demographic characteristics, mode of delivery and postpartum conditions was completed for each mother...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
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