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pregnancy nutritional factors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777864/effectiveness-on-maternal-and-offspring-metabolic-control-of-a-home-based-dietary-counseling-intervention-and-dha-supplementation-in-obese-overweight-pregnant-women-might-study-a-randomized-controlled-trial-study-protocol
#1
María Luisa Garmendia, Camila Corvalán, Paola Casanello, B Marcela Araya, Marcela Flores, Alfredo Bravo, Juan Pedro Kusanovic, Pablo Olmos, Ricardo Uauy
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle interventions are the primary prevention strategy for gestational diabetes (GDM) in obese/overweight women; however, these interventions have shown limited effectiveness. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) intake has shown beneficial effects on glucose metabolism, lipid fractions and inflammatory factors in women who already have GDM. Combining PUFAs supplementation with a lifestyle intervention could achieve lower increase of glucose levels by improving insulin sensitivity...
May 16, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772225/maternal-one-carbon-metabolism-through-increased-oxidative-stress-and-disturbed-angiogenesis-can-influence-placental-apoptosis-in-preeclampsia
#2
REVIEW
Vaishali V Kasture, Deepali P Sundrani, Sadhana R Joshi
Adequate maternal nutrition is critical for a healthy pregnancy outcome and poor maternal nutrition is known to be associated with pregnancy complications like preeclampsia. We have earlier demonstrated that there is an imbalance in the levels of micronutrients (folate and vitamin B12 ) along with low levels of long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) and high homocysteine levels in women with preeclampsia. Homocysteine is known to be involved in the formation of free radicals leading to increased oxidative stress...
May 14, 2018: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772068/risk-factors-associated-with-preterm-delivery-and-low-delivery-weight-among-hiv-exposed-neonates-in-china
#3
Liming Wang, Hongxin Zhao, Weiping Cai, Jie Tao, Qingxia Zhao, Lijun Sun, Qingbo Fan, Athena P Kourtis, Colin Shepard, Fujie Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) and preterm delivery (PTD) or low delivery weight among pregnant Chinese women with HIV. METHODS: The present retrospective cross-sectional medical chart review enrolled pregnant women with HIV who delivered at five tertiary hospitals in China between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2014. Generalized linear mixed modeling was used to explore PTD (<37 weeks of pregnancy) and low delivery weight (<2500 g) risk factors...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762708/the-impact-of-cash-transfers-on-social-determinants-of-health-and-health-inequalities-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#4
Ebenezer Owusu-Addo, Andre M N Renzaho, Ben J Smith
Cash transfers (CTs) are now high on the agenda of most governments in low- and middle-income countries. Within the field of health promotion, CTs constitute a healthy public policy initiative as they have the potential to address the social determinants of health (SDoH) and health inequalities. A systematic review was conducted to synthesise the evidence on CTs' impacts on SDoH and health inequalities in sub-Saharan Africa, and to identify the barriers and facilitators of effective CTs. Twenty-one electronic databases and the websites of 14 key organizations were searched in addition to grey literature and hand searching of selected journals for quantitative and qualitative studies on CTs' impacts on SDoH and health outcomes...
June 1, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759082/barriers-to-identifying-eating-disorders-in-pregnancy-and-in-the-postnatal-period-a-qualitative-approach
#5
Amanda Bye, Jill Shawe, Debra Bick, Abigail Easter, Megan Kash-Macdonald, Nadia Micali
BACKGROUND: Eating Disorders (ED) are mental health disorders that typically effect women of childbearing age and are associated with adverse maternal and infant outcomes. UK healthcare guidance recommends routine enquiry for current and past mental illness in antenatal and postnatal care for all women, and that pregnant women with a known ED are offered enhanced monitoring and support. Midwives and health visitors are ideally placed to identify and support women with ED as they are often the primary point of contact during the antenatal and postnatal periods...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751785/low-birth-weight-among-term-newborns-in-wolaita-sodo-town-south-ethiopia-a-facility-based-cross-sectional-study
#6
Samson Kastro, Tsegaye Demissie, Bereket Yohannes
BACKGROUND: In low income countries, many low birth weight newborns often miss the chance for survival sooner or later. Others who survive would also face increased risks in later life. Though not adequately documented in Ethiopia, maternal factors pose the main risk. This study was aimed to estimate the proportion of low birth weight among term singletons without congenital malformations and factors associated with it in Wolaita Sodo town in South Ethiopia. METHODS: We did a facility based survey involving 432 postpartum women with their term newborns...
May 11, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744612/maternal-non-glycemic-contributors-to-fetal-growth-in-obesity-and-gestational-diabetes-spotlight-on-lipids
#7
REVIEW
Linda A Barbour, Teri L Hernandez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Excess fetal growth is increasingly recognized as a risk factor for childhood obesity, and mounting evidence supports that maternal glucose is not the only driver. This review focuses on the role of clinically applicable maternal non-glycemic contributors to excess fetal growth, particularly lipids, in addition to amino acids (AA), insulin resistance, inflammation, maternal nutrition, and gestational weight gain (GWG) in obesity and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)...
May 9, 2018: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740638/mediterranean-diet-based-intervention-in-pregnancy-to-improve-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-methodological-challenges-and-lessons-learned-from-the-multicentre-esteem-study
#8
Bassel H Al Wattar, Julie Dodds, Anna Placzek, Eleni Spyreli, Sally Higgins, Amanda Moore, Richard Hooper, Lee Beresford, Tessa J Roseboom, Maira Bes-Rastrollo, Graham Hitman, Khalid S Khan, Shakila Thangaratinam
Introduction: Evaluating complex dietary interventions such as Mediterranean diet in pregnancy presents unique methodological challenges. We present the challenges and the lessons learned from a multicentre randomised trial (ESTEEM) on Mediterranean-based dietary intervention in pregnancy. Methods: We recruited pregnant women who met our predefined inclusion criteria and randomised those with metabolic risk factors to the Mediterranean-based dietary intervention or routine antenatal care...
June 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740395/maternal-diet-metabolic-state-and-inflammatory-response-exert-unique-and-long-lasting-influences-on-offspring-behavior-in-non-human-primates
#9
Jacqueline R Thompson, Hanna C Gustafsson, Madison DeCapo, Diana L Takahashi, Jennifer L Bagley, Tyler A Dean, Paul Kievit, Damien A Fair, Elinor L Sullivan
Nutritional status influences brain health and gestational exposure to metabolic disorders (e.g. obesity and diabetes) increases the risk of neuropsychiatric disorders. The aim of the present study was to further investigate the role of maternal Western-style diet (WSD), metabolic state, and inflammatory factors in the programming of Japanese macaque offspring behavior. Utilizing structural equation modeling, we investigated the relationships between maternal diet, prepregnancy adiposity, third trimester insulin response, and plasma cytokine levels on 11-month-old offspring behavior...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730657/adolescent-undernutrition-global-burden-physiology-and-nutritional-risks
#10
Parul Christian, Emily R Smith
Adolescents, comprised of 10-19 year olds, form the largest generation of young people in our history. There are an estimated 1.8 billion adolescents in the world, with 90% residing in low- and middle-income countries. The burden of disease among adolescents has its origins in infectious and injury-related causes, but nutritional deficiencies, suboptimal linear growth, and undernutrition are major public health problems, even as overweight may be on the rise in many contexts. Summary and Key Messages: Girls are most vulnerable to the influences of cultural and gender norms, which often discriminate against them...
May 4, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725693/maternal-mortality-marital-status-and-bone-mineral-density-in-young-women-from-the-coimbra-identified-skeletal-collection
#11
Francisco Curate, Ana Tavares
In contemporary populations, pregnancy and lactation are usually followed by transient bone loss. The observation of reduced bone mass in young females from archaeological sites has sometimes been interpreted as an outcome of reproductive stress. In order to evaluate the overall effect of reproductive dynamics on bone mass in a historical skeletal sample, bone mineral density (BMD) at the proximal femur was assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in 78 young women (17-39 years) from the Coimbra Identified Skeletal Collection...
May 3, 2018: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724165/how-does-a-lifestyle-intervention-during-pregnancy-influence-perceived-barriers-to-leisure-time-physical-activity-the-norwegian-fit-for-delivery-study-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Lene A H Haakstad, Ingvild Vistad, Linda Reme Sagedal, Hilde Lohne-Seiler, Monica K Torstveit
BACKGROUND: To develop effective health promotional and preventive prenatal programs, it is important to understand perceived barriers to leisure-time physical activity during pregnancy, including exercise and sport participation. The aims of the present study was 1) to assess the effect of prenatal lifestyle intervention on the perceived barrier to leisure-time physical activity during pregnancy and the first year after delivery and 2) identify the most important perceived barriers to leisure-time physical activity at multiple time points during and after pregnancy...
May 3, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716539/use-of-dietary-supplements-by-pregnant-women-in-colombia
#13
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Héctor Reynaldo Triana-Reina, Emilio González-Jiménez, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle, Katherine González-Ruíz
BACKGROUND: During pregnancy, the need for certain nutrients increases. This study assessed the prevalence and socio-demographic factors associated with dietary supplement use in a representative sample of pregnant women in Colombia. METHOD: Data for this study were obtained from a cross-sectional, nationally representative survey (ENSIN, 2010). A total of 1856 pregnant women, 13-49 years of age, were recruited. The use of prenatal dietary supplements (Vitamins A, C or E) was treated as a binary outcome (used at some time or never sued during pregnancy when prescribed by a doctor) in multinomial analyses...
May 2, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708765/analyzing-factors-that-impact-breastfeeding-duration-in-the-postpartum-period-a-secondary-analysis-of-prams-data
#14
Lea Pounds, Valerie Shostrom
BACKGROUND: Benefits of breastfeeding are well established. What is more, breastfeeding is associated with lower healthcare costs. More U.S. hospitals are adopting the World Health Organization's Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding; however, most hospitals fall short on key factors. OBJECTIVE: To our knowledge, this project is the first of its kind to use national-level data and a complex statistical modeling approach to identify a more complete picture of the variables related to breastfeeding duration within the postpartum period...
April 30, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693738/growth-of-children-in-greenland-exceeds-the-world-health-organization-growth-charts
#15
Marius Kløvgaard, Nina Odgaard Nielsen, Thomas Lund Sørensen, Peter Bjerregaard, Britta Olsen, Pétur Benedikt Júliusson, Mathieu Roelants, Henrik Thybo Chistesen
AIM: Previous studies have found high rates of stunted linear growth in Greenlandic children. We measured growth patterns in Greenland and compared them with international growth charts. METHODS: The study cohort comprised 279 healthy children aged 6-10 years in 2012. They participated in two pregnancy and birth cohorts in Greenland and longitudinal growth data since birth was extracted from their medical records. Growth reference ranges were estimated with the Lambda-Mu-Sigma (LMS) method and compared with growth charts from Denmark and the World Health Organization (WHO)...
April 25, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691979/the-bdnf-val68met-polymorphism-modulates-how-developmental-ethanol-exposure-impacts-the-hippocampus
#16
Clark W Bird, Brian C Baculis, Jacob J Mayfield, Glenna J Chavez, Tiahna Ontiveros, Dana J Paine, Aaron J Marks, Alicia L Gonzales, Dorit Ron, C Fernando Valenzuela
Prenatal exposure to alcohol causes a wide range of deficits known as Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs). Many factors determine vulnerability to developmental alcohol exposure including timing and pattern of exposure, nutrition, and genetics. Here, we characterized how a prevalent single nucleotide polymorphism in the human brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene (val66met) modulates FASDs severity. This polymorphism disrupts BDNF's intracellular trafficking and activity dependent secretion, and has been linked to increased incidence of neuropsychiatric disorders such as depression and anxiety...
April 24, 2018: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673331/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-preterm-birth-at-kenyatta-national-hospital
#17
Peter Wagura, Aggrey Wasunna, Ahmed Laving, Dalton Wamalwa, Paul Ng'ang'a
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization estimates the prevalence of preterm birth to be 5-18% across 184 countries of the world. Statistics from countries with reliable data show that preterm birth is on the rise. About a third of neonatal deaths are directly attributed to prematurity and this has hindered the achievement of Millennium Development Goal-4 target. Locally, few studies have looked at the prevalence of preterm delivery and factors associated with it. This study determined the prevalence of preterm birth and the factors associated with preterm delivery at Kenyatta National Hospital in Nairobi, Kenya...
April 19, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669486/diet-the-keystone-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
S Peretti, M Mariano, C Mazzocchetti, M Mazza, M C Pino, A Verrotti Di Pianella, M Valenti
Children with autism are characterized by an impairment of social interaction and repetitive patterns of behaviour. Autism is a heterogeneous span of disorders with unknown aetiology. Research has grown significantly and has suggested that environmental risk factors acting during the prenatal period could influence the neurodevelopment of offspring. The literature suggests that the maternal diet during pregnancy has a fundamental role in the etiopathogenesis of autism. Indeed, a maternal diet that is high in some nutrients has been associated with an increase or reduction in the risk of develop Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)...
April 19, 2018: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660440/the-long-term-effect-of-maternal-dietary-protein-restriction-on-5-ht-1a-receptor-function-and-behavioral-responses-to-stress-in-adulthood
#19
Wenrui Ye, Michael Duffy Pitlock, Martin A Javors, Brent Thompson, James D Lechleiter, Julie G Hensler
Maternal nutrition impacts fetal development, and may play a role in determining resilience to stress and vulnerability to stress-precipitated psychiatric disorders, such as anxiety and depression. In this study, we examined the effect of a reduction in maternal dietary protein during pregnancy on the brain neurochemistry and behavior of offspring. We focused specifically on the serotonin system, the 5-HT1A receptor and the responsivity of offspring as adults to stress. Dams were fed either a low protein diet (10% protein by weight) or isocaloric control diet (20% protein by weight)...
April 13, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659064/beliefs-and-advice-seeking-behaviours-for-fertility-and-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-study-of-a-global-sample
#20
R Walker, M Blumfield, H Truby
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy can motivate individuals to adopt lifestyle behaviours that protect the health of their offspring. The aims of the present study were to explore men's and women's beliefs about lifestyle, fertility and pregnancy, as well as where they seek advice. METHODS: Participants (2185 women and 221 men, six unspecified) from 104 countries completed a questionnaire that explored their beliefs about what was important for a healthy pregnancy and their advice-seeking behaviours...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
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