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Hiatus hernia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913430/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-surgery-in-patients-with-large-hiatal-hernia-a-single-center-study
#1
Angela Romano, Davide D'Amore, Giuseppe Esposito, Marianna Petrillo, Modestino Pezzella, Francesco Maria Romano, Giuseppe Izzo, Angelo Cosenza, Francesco Torelli, Antonio Volpicelli, Natale Di Martino
INTRODUCTION: Giant hiatal hernia is characterized by the presence of more than 1/3 of the stomach in the chest, through the diaphragmatic hiatus, with or without other intra-abdominal organs. It is a rare pathology, representing the 5-10% of all hiatal hernias. The advent of laparoscopic surgery led to new surgical techniques, which include the simple reduction with the excision of the hernial sac and the execution of a posterior hiatoplasty, with or without mesh, and the execution of a Collis-Nissen gatroplasty in case of short esophagus...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910585/a-huge-morgagni-hernia-with-compression-of-the-right-ventricle
#2
Paolo Ciancarella, Fabio Fazzari, Valentina Montano, Marco Guglielmo, Gianluca Pontone
A 21 year old male with no relevant medical history presented to our Institution for further assessments of a right paracardiac mass founded on a chest X-ray. Chest computed tomography revealed a wide median defect of the diaphragm at the level of xiphoid process of the sternum, with the herniation of omental fat tissue in the mediastinum. Cardiac magnetic resonance confirmed the presence of a huge hernia originating from the foramen of Morgagni (sterno-costal hiatus), displacing the heart leftwards and posteriorly and compressing the right ventricle (RV), giving to it a tubular shape...
April 2018: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910458/atypical-presentation-of-adrenocortical-insufficiency-with-anorexia-and-jaundice
#3
Xiang-Xing Li, Jie Liu, You-Lian Chen, Guang-Jian Chen, Zhen-Yu Wang, Jun-Jun Zhu, Yun-Wei Guo, Xiu-Qing Wei
BACKGROUND Adrenal insufficiency is mainly due to insufficient adrenal corticosteroid hormones secretion by the adrenal cortex, which leads to clinical manifestations such as weakness, weight loss, hyperpigmentation, hypotension, and vomiting. However, the clinical manifestations of adrenocortical insufficiency may be atypical: anorexia, ascites, impaired liver function, and alacrima have been reported. Jaundice and anorexia presenting together in the same patient as the main symptoms are rare. CASE REPORT We present a rare case of a 65-year-old woman diagnosed as having adrenocortical insufficiency with chief complaints of anorexia and jaundice...
June 18, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909661/rectal-varices-due-to-chronic-inferior-mesenteric-vein-thrombosis-caused-by-external-compression-in-a-large-hiatus-hernia-containing-the-pancreas
#4
H A Rudman, M C Stott, M Y Loh, E C Clark
A 79-year-old woman presented with a large fresh rectal bleed. Computed tomography revealed that she had a large type IV hiatus hernia, which contained the stomach and pancreas. Compression of the inferior mesenteric vein and splenic vein had led to thrombosis within these vessels and retrograde flow within the inferior mesenteric vein. This had led to the formation of portosystemic rectal varices. Ectopic varices occasionally form in the rectum, often in the context of liver cirrhosis. At the time of writing, ours is the first reported case of portosystemic rectal varices formulated in response to obstruction of vessels within a hiatus hernia...
June 18, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892570/management-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-in-adults-a-pharmacist-s-perspective
#5
REVIEW
Brett MacFarlane
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common gastrointestinal diagnosis, a leading reason for endoscopy and cause of potentially serious complications, resulting in significant individual and system-wide health burden. Approximately one quarter of people living in western countries have experienced GERD, and the prevalence appears to be on the rise. Risk factors for GERD include hiatus hernia, obesity, high-fat diet, tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, pregnancy, genetics, and some medications. The cardinal symptoms of GERD are troublesome heartburn and regurgitation...
2018: Integrated Pharmacy Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888238/what-is-the-impact-of-high-resolution-manometry-in-the-functional-diagnostic-workup-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#6
REVIEW
Jutta Keller
International guidelines agree that high-resolution esophageal manometry (HRM) is an integral part of the diagnostic evaluation of patients with refractory reflux symptoms and should be performed before antireflux surgery. Its most important goal is to explore differential diagnoses, in particular major esophageal motility disturbances, that may be responsible for symptoms. HRM additionally provides insights into all relevant pathomechanisms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD): It can reveal important information on the morphology and function of the esophagogastric junction (EGJ), the presence of a hiatus hernia, transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxations, and dysmotility of the esophageal body...
April 2018: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884671/magnetic-sphincter-augmentation-is-an-effective-option-for-refractory-duodeno-gastro-oesophageal-reflux-following-billroth-ii-gastrectomy
#7
Matteo Melloni, Veronica Lazzari, Emanuele Asti, Luigi Bonavina
Bile reflux into the gastric stump and then into the oesophagus is a common event after distal gastrectomy and Billroth II reconstruction. In addition to typical symptoms of nausea, epigastric pain and bile vomiting, acid reflux can also occur in patients with concomitant hiatus hernia and lower oesophageal sphincter incompetency. Diverting the bile away from the oesophagus by conversion into a Roux-en-Y anastomosis or by completion gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y esophagojejunostomy have so far represented the mainstay of treatment...
June 8, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792284/influence-of-large-hiatus-hernia-on-cardiac-volumes-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study-by-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance
#8
Pamela Milito, Massimo Lombardi, Emanuele Asti, Gianluca Bonitta, Dario Fina, Francesco Bandera, Luigi Bonavina
BACKGROUND: Large hiatus hernia (LHH) is often associated with post-prandial dyspnea, palpitations or chest discomfort, but its effect on cardiac volumes and performance is still debated. METHODS AND RESULTS: Before and 3-months after laparoscopic repair, 35 patients underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in the fasting state and after a standardized meal. Preoperatively, LHH size increased significantly after meal (p < 0.010). Compared to the fasting state, a systematic trend of volume reduction of the cardiac chambers was observed...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778551/differences-of-risk-factors-and-clinical-presentations-in-male-and-female-taiwanese-individuals-with-barrett-s-esophagus
#9
Shou-Wu Lee, Han-Chung Lien, Chi-Sen Chang, Chung-Hsin Chang, Chung-Wang Ko, Hong-Zen Yeh
BACKGROUND: Barrett's esophagus (BE) is a disorder more often found in obese men. Differences between the two genders are not known in the Asian countries. Here, we studied their gender differences in the Taiwanese population in terms of risk factors and clinical presentations. METHODS: Data from Taichung Veteran General Hospital were prospectively collected during an approximately two year-period (October 2012 to December 2014). Patients all underwent endoscopic surveillance, and BE was diagnosed based on the typical pattern of intestinal metaplasia...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744046/large-hiatal-hernia-with-pancreatic-body-herniation-case-report
#10
Elham Sadat Banimostafavi, Maryam Tayebi
Introduction: A hiatal hernia can be classified as one of four types according to the position of the gastroesophageal (GE) junction and the extent of herniated stomach. Type IV paraesophageal hiatal hernia (PEHH) is characterized by a large defect in the diaphragmatic hiatus that allows other organs, besides stomach, such as the colon, pancreas, spleen, or small intestine to herniate into the thorax. Herniation of the pancreas through a gastroesophageal hiatus is a rare condition, and only a few cases have been reported in the literature...
April 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717405/risk-of-gerd-related-disorders-in-obese-patients-on-ppi-therapy-a-population-analysis
#11
Simon Erridge, Osama M Moussa, Paul Ziprin, Ara Darzi, Sanjay Purkayastha
BACKGROUND: Increasing prevalence of obesity has shown an associated increase in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)-related diseases. Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy has been demonstrated to reduce the incidence of such diseases. The study's aim was to analyze the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) to determine factors that increase the propensity of obese patients on PPIs to develop Barrett's esophagus (BE) and esophageal carcinoma. METHOD: A case-control population study was carried out, including patients from the CPRD...
May 1, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704563/building-a-model-for-day-case-hiatal-surgery-lessons-learnt-over-a-10-year-period-in-a-high-volume-unit-a-case-series
#12
Pritesh Mistry, Shafquat Zaman, Iestyn Shapey, Markos Daskalakis, Rajwinder Nijjar, Martin Richardson, Paul Super, Rishi Singhal
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery has become the standard treatment for symptomatic gastro-oesophageal reflux disease refractory to medical therapy. Successful anti-reflux surgery involves safe, minimally invasive surgery, resulting in symptom resolution with minimal side effects. This study aims to assess the feasibility and safety of day case anti-reflux surgery focussing on peri- and post-operative outcomes as a measure of success. METHODS: Data was collected from the hospital database from 2003 to 2012...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687051/asymptomatic-pancreatic-body-herniation-complicated-with-periauricular-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#13
Isil Yildiz
Hiatus hernia is defined as herniation of the abdominal elements through the esophageal hiatus into the madiastinum. Type IV hiatal herniation is the rarest of all paraoesaphagial hernias. Herniation of pancreas is extremely rare. A 63-year-old male was admitted to the department of oncology with a periauricular squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Abdominal CT was performed for organ metastasis. No metastasis was found, but hiatal herniation of the stomach along with the body of the pancreas into the thorax was observed...
2018: European Journal of Radiology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686276/management-options-for-patients-with-gerd-and-persistent-symptoms-on-proton-pump-inhibitors-recommendations-from-an-expert-panel
#14
Rena Yadlapati, Michael F Vaezi, Marcelo F Vela, Stuart J Spechler, Nicholas J Shaheen, Joel Richter, Brian E Lacy, David Katzka, Philip O Katz, Peter J Kahrilas, C Prakash Gyawali, Lauren Gerson, Ronnie Fass, Donald O Castell, Jenna Craft, Luke Hillman, John E Pandolfino
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess expert gastroenterologists' opinion on treatment for distinct gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) profiles characterized by proton pump inhibitor (PPI) unresponsive symptoms. METHODS: Fourteen esophagologists applied the RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method to hypothetical scenarios with previously demonstrated GERD (positive pH-metry or endoscopy) and persistent symptoms despite double-dose PPI therapy undergoing pH-impedance monitoring on therapy...
April 24, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681019/high-percentage-pathological-findings-in-obese-patients-suggest-that-esophago-gastro-duodenoscopy-should-be-made-mandatory-prior-to-bariatric-surgery
#15
Mizelle D'Silva, Aparna Govil Bhasker, Nimisha S Kantharia, Muffazal Lakdawala
ᅟ: Obesity is a global epidemic and will soon become the number one priority in healthcare management. Bariatric surgery causes a significant improvement in obesity and its related complications. Pre-operative esophago-gastro-duodenoscopy (EGD) is done by several bariatric surgical teams across the world but is still not mandatory. AIM: To study the percentage of symptomatic and asymptomatic pathological EGD findings in obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery and to analyze whether these findings influence the eventual choice of bariatric surgery...
April 21, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668804/morphology-of-the-diaphragm-muscle-in-southern-tamandua-tamandua-tetradactyla-and-its-importance-in-cases-of-traumatic-hernia
#16
Érica F S Azevedo, Daniela R Costa E Silva, Tamires V S Natividade, Elane G Giese, Ana Rita DE Lima, Paola C Soares, Érika Branco
The wall of the diaphragm can be affected by changes caused by physical trauma, allowing the passage of viscera between the abdominal cavity and thoracic cavity, thus reducing the space for pulmonary expansion, leading to the formation of hernia and possible death. Thus, we aimed to characterize, size and determine the topography of the diaphragmatic muscle in the Southern Tamandua, since clinical and surgical activities in wild animals have become a reality more and more present in veterinary medicine. We used six adult animals, x-rayed and dissected, followed by collection of fragments of muscular portions for histological analysis...
April 16, 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644483/studies-of-abnormalities-of-the-lower-esophageal-sphincter-during-esophageal-emptying-based-on-a-fully-coupled-bolus-esophageal-gastric-model
#17
Wenjun Kou, John E Pandolfino, Peter J Kahrilas, Neelesh A Patankar
The aim of this work was to develop a fully coupled bolus-esophageal-gastric model based on the immersed boundary-finite element method to study the process of esophageal emptying across the esophagogastric junction (EGJ). The model included an esophageal segment, an ellipsoid-shaped stomach, a bolus, and a simple model of the passive and active sphincteric functions of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). We conducted three sets of case studies: (1) the effect of a non-relaxing LES; (2) the influence of the tissue anisotropy in the form of asymmetrical right- and left-sided compliance of the LES segment; and (3) the influence of LES and gastric wall stiffness on bulge formation of the distal esophageal wall...
April 11, 2018: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629892/does-digestive-symptoms-require-esophago-gastroscopy-prior-to-bariatric-procedure-assessment-of-6-years-experience
#18
Serdar Yormaz, Kafali Yilmaz, Husnu Alptekin, Ilhan Ece, Fahrettin Acar, Bayram Colak, Mehmet Ertugrul Kafali, Enes Sahin, Mustafa Sahin
AIM: Performance of routine preoperative esophagogastroduodenal endoscopy (EGE) in patients undergoing bariatric surgery is still a controversial subject. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the benefits of performing preoperative EGE in a cohort of bariatric patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present retrospective study was performed between March 2010 and June 2016. We divided the study participants into two groups: group A comprised subjects without disturbing upper digestive signs, while group B comprised patients with disturbing upper digestive signs...
2018: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607725/a-strangled-hernia-through-the-winslow-s-hiatus-about-a-rare-situation
#19
A Haddad, A Sebai, R Rhaiem, A Ghedira, A Daghfous
Winslow's hiatus hernia is the rarest of the internal hernias. Its diagnosis is difficult and requires an urgent laparotomy to avoid necrosis of the incarcerated loop or even the death of the patient. We report the case of a patient operated urgently for acute intestinal obstruction caused by a strangled hernia through the Winslow's hiatus. A reduction by traction of the hernia was undertaken. Rapid management of this pathology is important using clinical and radiographical elements.
May 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573112/isolated-colonic-hernia-through-the-oesophageal-hiatus-causing-gastric-outlet-obstruction
#20
Duncan Self, William Munro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
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