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Nutritional Deprivation in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032631/tools-to-improve-planning-implementation-monitoring-and-evaluation-of-complementary-feeding-programmes
#1
Juliawati Untoro, Rachel Childs, Indira Bose, Pattanee Winichagoon, Christiane Rudert, Andrew Hall, Saskia de Pee
Adequate nutrient intake is a prerequisite for achieving good nutrition status. Suboptimal complementary feeding practices are a main risk factor for stunting. The need for systematic and user-friendly tools to guide the planning, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of dietary interventions for children aged 6-23 months has been recognized. This paper describes five tools, namely, ProPAN, Optifood, Cost of the Diet, Fill the Nutrient Gap, and Monitoring Results for Equity System that can be used in different combinations to improve situation analysis, planning, implementation, monitoring, or evaluation approaches for complementary feeding in a particular context...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028557/understanding-the-association-between-stunting-and-child-development-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-next-steps-for-research-and-intervention
#2
REVIEW
Jessica M Perkins, Rockli Kim, Aditi Krishna, Mark McGovern, Victor M Aguayo, S V Subramanian
Stunting, caused by experiences of chronic nutritional deprivation, affects approximately 25% of children under age five globally (i.e., 156 million children). In this review, evidence of a relationship between stunting and child development in low- and middle-income countries is summarized, and issues for further research are discussed. We focus on studies that measured low height-for-age among children less than 5 years old as the exposure and gross/fine motor skills, psychosocial competencies, cognitive abilities, or schooling and learning milestones as the outcomes...
November 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955283/economic-deprivation-and-its-effects-on-childhood-conduct-problems-the-mediating-role-of-family-stress-and-investment-factors
#3
Edward M Sosu, Peter Schmidt
This study investigated the mechanisms by which experiences of poverty influence the trajectory of conduct problems among preschool children. Drawing on two theoretical perspectives, we focused on family stress (stress and harsh discipline) and investment variables (educational investment, nutrition, and cognitive ability) as key mediators. Structural equation modeling techniques with prospective longitudinal data from the Growing Up in Scotland survey (N = 3,375) were used. Economic deprivation measured around the first birthday of the sample children had both direct and indirect effects on conduct problems across time (ages 4, 5, and 6)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852503/lower-incidence-of-respiratory-infections-among-iron-deficient-children-in-kilimanjaro-tanzania
#4
Katherine Wander, Bettina Shell-Duncan, Eleanor Brindle
Objective: We posited a trade-off in iron nutrition, with iron deficiency decreasing risk for infection by depriving infectious agents of iron while increasing risk for infection by compromising immune protection. We described associations between iron deficiency and prevalent and incident infectious disease episodes and cell-mediated immunity (CMI) among 283 children in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Methodology: Whole blood specimens were evaluated for hemoglobin and dried blood spots (DBS) were evaluated for biomarkers of iron deficiency (transferrin receptor) and inflammation (C-reactive protein and α1-acid glycoprotein)...
2017: Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725333/a-protective-association-between-snap-participation-and-educational-outcomes-among-children-of-economically-strained-households
#5
Nisha Beharie, Micaela Mercado, Mary McKay
With the recent cuts to the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), more information is needed to assess the impact these policies have on vulnerable children. As such, this study assesses the potential moderating effect of SNAP participation on the association between material deprivation and educational outcomes among children living in poverty (n = 10 971, and n = 14 928). SNAP participation was found to moderate the association between material deprivation and grade retention, indicating that SNAP may be contributing to grade retention among children living in poverty, which can have positive lifelong consequences...
2017: Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511588/an-evening-milk-drink-can-affect-word-recall-in-indonesian-children-with-decreased-sleep-efficiency-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Rini Sekartini, Dian Novita Chandra, Tiana Arsianti, Saptawati Bardosono, Tjhin Wiguna, Anne Schaafsma
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sleep is important for memory consolidation in children. This study intended to find out whether an evening milk-based drink could influence sleep efficiency and memory recall in a group of Indonesian children (5-6 years old) with sleep deprivation. METHODS: Children were randomly allocated to one of three interventions: Reference product, satiety-stimulating product, and a relaxing product. The intervention lasted for 6 weeks and children consumed two servings per day of each 200 ml, the serving in the morning being the same for all children...
May 16, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511375/impact-of-nutritional-status-on-cognition-in-institutionalized-orphans-a-pilot-study
#7
Sanjana M Kamath, Kavana G Venkatappa, Ergod Manjunath Sparshadeep
INTRODUCTION: Proper nutrition is critical for maximizing brain function and enhancing learning. There is accumulating evidence that early malnutrition, marked by stunting, is associated with long-term deficits in cognitive and academic performance, even when social and psychological differences are controlled. All over the world, children living without permanent parental care are at a heightened risk for under-nutrition, putting their health and development in great jeopardy. AIM: To assess the nutritional and cognitive status in institutionalized orphans which might help to formulate effective interventions for improving the nutritional status of vulnerable children in future...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465303/epidemiology-of-blindness-in-children
#8
REVIEW
Ameenat Lola Solebo, Lucinda Teoh, Jugnoo Rahi
An estimated 14 million of the world's children are blind. A blind child is more likely to live in socioeconomic deprivation, to be more frequently hospitalised during childhood and to die in childhood than a child not living with blindness. This update of a previous review on childhood visual impairment focuses on emerging therapies for children with severe visual disability (severe visual impairment and blindness or SVI/BL).For children in higher income countries, cerebral visual impairment and optic nerve anomalies remain the most common causes of SVI/BL, while retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and cataract are now the most common avoidable causes...
September 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346497/determinants-of-infant-nutritional-status-in-dabat-district-north-gondar-ethiopia-a-case-control-study
#9
Amarech Asratie Wubante
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is the top cause of global burden of disease, disability and mortality among infants. Over two-thirds of deaths of children globally occur during the first year of life (infancy). Malnutrition among infants is substantially high in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study is aimed to assess determinants of infant nutritional status. METHODS: A community based nested case-control study was conducted from February to June 2013 in Dabat district. A total of 80 cases and 320 controls (1:4 ratios) were studied...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186100/school-food-environments-associated-with-adiposity-in-canadian-children
#10
C Fitzpatrick, G D Datta, M Henderson, K Gray-Donald, Y Kestens, T A Barnett
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Targeting obesogenic features of children's environment that are amenable to change represents a promising strategy for health promotion. The school food environment, defined as the services and policies regarding nutrition and the availability of food in the school and surrounding neighborhood, is particularly important given that students travel through the school neighborhood almost daily and that they consume a substantial proportion of their calories at school...
July 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079529/leveraging-the-skills-of-nurses-and-the-power-of-language-nutrition-to-ensure-a-better-future-for-children
#11
REVIEW
Ashley Darcy Mahoney, Lauren Head Zauche, Sunny Hallowell, Arianne Weldon, Jennifer Stapel-Wax
BACKGROUND: Early language exposure is critical for language acquisition and significantly influences a child's literacy skills. However, preterm infants may experience language deprivation in the neonatal intensive care unit. Nurses are vital to helping parents understand their critical role in early language development. PURPOSE: To discuss the impact of language-rich interactions and interventions that promote early language exposure, or Language Nutrition, by parents and caregivers on the long-term developmental, language, and educational outcomes of high-risk infants...
February 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073166/low-sugar-nutrition-policies-and-dental-caries-a-study-of-primary-schools-in-south-auckland
#12
Simon Thornley, Roger Marshall, Gary Reynolds, Pauline Koopu, Gerhard Sundborn, Grant Schofield
AIM: The study assessed whether a healthy food policy implemented in one school, Yendarra Primary, situated in a socio-economically deprived area of South Auckland, had improved student oral health by comparing dental caries levels with students of similar schools in the same region with no such policy. METHODS: Records of caries of the primary and adult teeth were obtained between 2007 and 2014 for children attending Yendarra, and were compared to those of eight other public schools in the area, with a similar demographic profile...
May 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935152/intellectual-outcomes-of-extremely-preterm-infants-at-school-age
#13
Maya Asami, Atsushi Kamei, Misato Nakakarumai, Satoko Shirasawa, Manami Akasaka, Nami Araya, Sachiko Tanifuji, Shoichi Chida
BACKGROUND: The survival rate of extremely preterm (EP) infants (<28 weeks of gestation) has improved dramatically, and there is great interest in the long-term prognosis. The aim of this study was to elucidate the influence of prenatal and postnatal care on long-term intellectual outcome in EP infants. METHODS: Subjects were EP infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit from 1982 to 2005. The survival rate and neurodevelopmental outcomes at 6 years of age were analyzed for the periods 1982-1991 (period 1) and 1992-2005 (period 2)...
May 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903832/predictors-of-the-size-of-the-exchangeable-zinc-pool-differ-between-children-and-adults
#14
Leland V Miller, K Michael Hambidge, Janet C King, Jamie E Westcott, Nancy F Krebs
BACKGROUND: The size of the rapidly exchanging pool of body zinc has been suggested as having potential utility as a biomarker of zinc status. Knowledge of the relations of exchangeable zinc pool (EZP) size to relevant variables is necessary to adequately evaluate its use as a biomarker. OBJECTIVE: We used regression analysis to investigate associations of EZP with age, sex, body size, and zinc nutrition variables. METHODS: Data were compiled from 18 isotope tracer studies of zinc absorption in 247 children and adults (248 observations) in which EZP and relevant variables (e...
February 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27421247/physiological-limit-of-the-daily-endogenous-cholecalciferol-synthesis-from-uv-light-in-cattle
#15
L Hymøller, S K Jensen, P Kaas, J Jakobsen
The link between UV light (sunlight) and endogenous cholecalciferol (vitamin D3 ) synthesis in the skin of humans has been known for more than a 100 years, since doctors for the first time successfully used UV light to cure rickets in children. Years later, it was shown that UV light also had a significant effect on the cholecalciferol status in the body of cattle. The cholecalciferol status in the body is measured as the plasma concentration of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol, which in cattle and humans is the major circulating metabolite of cholecalciferol...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27315054/urban-rural-and-provincial-disparities-in-child-malnutrition-in-china
#16
Yichao Wu, Di Qi
This article investigates how the nutritional deprivation and inequality among children in China by provinces and urban/rural areas has changed over time from 1991 to 2009 using the China Health and Nutrition Survey data. The children who were undernourished in stunting and underweight have declined over years, but provincial disparities were significant and urban children performed better than the rural peers. The nutritional deprivation of children has been alleviated in China over time, but more efforts should be made by the government to improve the nutritional condition in less developed provinces and for those children who are severely undernourished...
October 2016: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27247898/effect-of-risk-factors-on-the-prevalence-of-influenza-infections-among-children-of-slums-of-dhaka-city
#17
Sabita Rezwana Rahman, Md Firoz Ahmed, Mohammad Ariful Islam, Md Majibur Rahman
BACKGROUND: Influenza viruses may cause severe acute respiratory illness among human population. People of densely populated areas, e.g., slum, are mostly affected by influenza viruses. Although potential vaccines to influenza viruses have been developed, infection rate is still high, therefore, increase the morbidity and mortality rate in slum areas. To treat these infections, slum dwellers including children and mothers do not get proper medication as well as vaccination. Hence, prevention remains to be the only mean to tackle such infections...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27191250/disability-due-to-maternal-common-mental-disorders-cmds-as-a-risk-factor-for-chronic-childhood-malnutrition-cross-sectional-study
#18
Jorge Lopes Cavalcante-Neto, Cristiane Silvestre de Paula, Telma Maria de Menezes Toledo Florêncio, Claudio Torres de Miranda
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The disability associated with maternal common mental disorders (CMDs) is among the possible explanations for the association between chronic childhood malnutrition and CMDs. CMDs may impair the mother's ability to perform her role, particularly in deprived environments. The present study aimed to evaluate whether disability relating to CMDs could be part of the pathway of the association between childhood malnutrition and maternal CMDs. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted in two institutions: one for malnourished children and another for eutrophic children living in a low-income community in the state of Alagoas, Brazil...
May 13, 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27110817/effect-of-a-school-based-intervention-on-nutritional-knowledge-and-habits-of-low-socioeconomic-school-children-in-israel-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Vered Kaufman-Shriqui, Drora Fraser, Michael Friger, Dikla Geva, Natalya Bilenko, Hillel Vardi, Naama Elhadad, Karen Mor, Zvi Feine, Danit R Shahar
Early social and economic deprivation, associated with poor nutrition and physical inactivity, may lead to adverse health trajectories. A cluster-randomized controlled-trial examining the effect of a school-based comprehensive intervention on nutrition knowledge, eating habits, and behaviors among low socioeconomic status (LSES) school-aged children was performed. LSES school-aged children (4-7 years) and their mothers were recruited from 11 schools, located in one town. The intervention was implemented on three levels: children, mothers, and teachers...
April 21, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27079388/association-between-the-amount-of-sleep-and-obesity-in-chilean-schoolchildren
#20
Samuel Durán Agüero, Pablo Haro Rivera
INTRODUCTION: Studies mainly performed in adults have shown an association between the amount of sleep and obesity. OBJECTIVE: To determine if there is an association between nocturnal sleep deprivation during the week and the weekend, eating habits, physical activity and nutritional status among Chilean schoolchildren. POPULATION, MATERIAL AND METHODS: Crosssectional study. An anthropometric assessment was done among 6-11 year-old students; the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used among parents to measure their children's quality of sleep; they were asked about eating habits and physical activity...
April 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
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