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Nutritional Deprivation in children

L Hymøller, S K Jensen, P Kaas, J Jakobsen
The link between UV light (sunlight) and endogenous cholecalciferol (vitamin D3 ) synthesis in the skin of humans has been known for more than a 100 years, since doctors for the first time successfully used UV light to cure rickets in children. Years later, it was shown that UV light also had a significant effect on the cholecalciferol status in the body of cattle. The cholecalciferol status in the body is measured as the plasma concentration of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol, which in cattle and humans is the major circulating metabolite of cholecalciferol...
July 16, 2016: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Yichao Wu, Di Qi
This article investigates how the nutritional deprivation and inequality among children in China by provinces and urban/rural areas has changed over time from 1991 to 2009 using the China Health and Nutrition Survey data. The children who were undernourished in stunting and underweight have declined over years, but provincial disparities were significant and urban children performed better than the rural peers. The nutritional deprivation of children has been alleviated in China over time, but more efforts should be made by the government to improve the nutritional condition in less developed provinces and for those children who are severely undernourished...
October 2016: Social Work in Public Health
Sabita Rezwana Rahman, Md Firoz Ahmed, Mohammad Ariful Islam, Md Majibur Rahman
BACKGROUND: Influenza viruses may cause severe acute respiratory illness among human population. People of densely populated areas, e.g., slum, are mostly affected by influenza viruses. Although potential vaccines to influenza viruses have been developed, infection rate is still high, therefore, increase the morbidity and mortality rate in slum areas. To treat these infections, slum dwellers including children and mothers do not get proper medication as well as vaccination. Hence, prevention remains to be the only mean to tackle such infections...
2016: SpringerPlus
Jorge Lopes Cavalcante-Neto, Cristiane Silvestre de Paula, Telma Maria de Menezes Toledo Florêncio, Claudio Torres de Miranda
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The disability associated with maternal common mental disorders (CMDs) is among the possible explanations for the association between chronic childhood malnutrition and CMDs. CMDs may impair the mother's ability to perform her role, particularly in deprived environments. The present study aimed to evaluate whether disability relating to CMDs could be part of the pathway of the association between childhood malnutrition and maternal CMDs. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted in two institutions: one for malnourished children and another for eutrophic children living in a low-income community in the state of Alagoas, Brazil...
May 13, 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
Vered Kaufman-Shriqui, Drora Fraser, Michael Friger, Dikla Geva, Natalya Bilenko, Hillel Vardi, Naama Elhadad, Karen Mor, Zvi Feine, Danit R Shahar
Early social and economic deprivation, associated with poor nutrition and physical inactivity, may lead to adverse health trajectories. A cluster-randomized controlled-trial examining the effect of a school-based comprehensive intervention on nutrition knowledge, eating habits, and behaviors among low socioeconomic status (LSES) school-aged children was performed. LSES school-aged children (4-7 years) and their mothers were recruited from 11 schools, located in one town. The intervention was implemented on three levels: children, mothers, and teachers...
2016: Nutrients
Samuel Durán Agüero, Pablo Haro Rivera
INTRODUCTION: Studies mainly performed in adults have shown an association between the amount of sleep and obesity. OBJECTIVE: To determine if there is an association between nocturnal sleep deprivation during the week and the weekend, eating habits, physical activity and nutritional status among Chilean schoolchildren. POPULATION, MATERIAL AND METHODS: Crosssectional study. An anthropometric assessment was done among 6-11 year-old students; the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used among parents to measure their children's quality of sleep; they were asked about eating habits and physical activity...
April 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Sachin Singh Yadav, Shweta Tomar Yadav, Prabhaker Mishra, Anshu Mittal, Randhir Kumar, Jagjeet Singh
INTRODUCTION: A child is future of nation. Malnutrition is a big public health problem in India as it can be attributed for more than half (54 percent) of all under five mortality in India. AIM: To assess prevalence of malnutrition among urban and rural population of Haryana using newly developed WHO growth standards. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A community based cross-sectional survey was conducted in children of 3-60 months age living in the urban and rural field practice areas of Department of Community Medicine MMIMSR, Mullana, Ambala during January 2012 to December 2012...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Sara Horrell, Deborah Oxley
Gender bias against girls in nineteenth-century England has received much interest but establishing its existence has proved difficult. We utilise data on heights of 16,402 children working in northern textile factories in 1837 to examine whether gender bias was evident. Current interpretations argue against any difference. Here our comparisons with modern height standards reveal greater deprivation for girls than for boys. Discrimination is measured in girls' height-for-age score (HAZ) falling eight standard errors below boys' at ages 11, 11...
September 2016: Economics and Human Biology
Michael Trimble, Dale C Hesdorffer
Epilepsy is a disorder that has been used by dramatists in various ways over the ages and therefore highlights the views of the disorder as people saw it at the time the plays were written and performed. In the 6th century BC, links between tragedy and epilepsy were developed by Greek playwrights, especially Euripides, in Iphigenia among the Taureans and Heracles where epilepsy and madness associated with extreme violence occur together. Both Heracles and Orestes have episodes after a long period of physical exhaustion and nutritional deprivation...
April 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Magaly Aceves-Martins, Elisabet Llauradó, Lucia Tarro, Rosa Solà, Montse Giralt
BACKGROUND: Mexico is a developing country with one of the highest youth obesity rates worldwide; >34% of children and adolescents between 5 and 19 years of age are overweight or obese. OBJECTIVES: The current review seeks to compile, describe, and analyze dietary conditions, physical activity, socioeconomic status, and cultural factors that create and exacerbate an obesogenic environment among Mexican youth. DESIGN: A narrative review was performed using PubMed and the Cochrane Library databases, as well as grey literature data from the Mexican government, academics, and statistical reports from nongovernmental organizations, included in electronic formats...
2016: Global Health Action
Jitendra Piple, Ranjeet Gora, Pragati Purbiya, Ashish Puliyel, Parul Chugh, Pinky Bahl, Jacob Puliyel
INTRODUCTION: Although economic development is generally accompanied by improvements in the overall nutritional status of the country's population the 'nutritional transition' often involves a shift to high energy diets and less exercise with negative consequences. This pilot study was done to examine if education of parents operates at the household level to influence dietary choices and the nutritional status of children in a small community of hospital workers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 3 groups of persons with varying skill and education levels participated...
2015: PloS One
Paola Nardone, Laura Lauria, Marta Buoncristiano, Enrica Pizzi, Daniela Galeone, Angela Spinelli
OBJECTIVES: to describe the dietary behaviour of children attending primary school and the school activities which promote healthy dietary habits. DESIGN OF THE STUDY: surveillance system with biannual prevalence studies. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: the fourth round of data collection of the surveillance system OKkio alla SALUTE took place in 2014, promoted and financed by the Ministry of Health and coordinated by the National Institute of Health in collaborations with all regions...
September 2015: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
Jef L Leroy, Marie Ruel, Jean-Pierre Habicht, Edward A Frongillo
BACKGROUND: Evidence from studies conducted in nutritionally deprived children in low- and middle-income countries (LIMC) in past decades showed little or no population-level catch-up in linear growth (mostly defined as reductions in the absolute height deficit) after 2 years of age. Recent studies, however, have reported population-level catch-up growth in children, defined as positive changes in mean height-for-age z-scores (HAZ). The aim of this paper was to assess whether population-level catch-up in linear growth is found when height-for-age difference (HAD: child's height compared to standard, expressed in centimeters) is used instead of HAZ...
2015: BMC Pediatrics
Christopher Deeming, Bina Gubhaju
Debate over the measurement of global poverty in low- and middle-income countries continues unabated. There is considerable controversy surrounding the 'dollar a day' measure used to monitor progress against the Millennium Development Goals. This article shines fresh light on the debate with new empirical analyses of poverty (including child poverty), inequality and deprivation levels in the Pacific island state of Vanuatu. The study focuses not only on economic and monetary metrics and measures, but also the measures of deprivation derived from sociology in relation to shelter, sanitation, water, information, nutrition, health and education...
September 2015: Journal of Sociology: the Journal of the Australian Sociological Association
Kim T Jenkins, David Benton, Katy Tapper, Simon Murphy, Laurence Moore
BACKGROUND: This study examined the nutritional intake of 9-11 year old children in Wales, UK, to assess the rationale for, and potential of, school breakfast initiatives. It also examined the possible unintended consequence of over consumption. METHODS: The study employed a cross-sectional observational design within a randomized controlled trial of a free school breakfast programme. A total of 111 primary schools were randomly assigned to an intervention condition (in which a free school breakfast programme was implemented) or a control condition (in which implementation of the scheme was delayed)...
2015: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Jean Christophe Fotso, Ariel Higgins-Steele, Satyanarayan Mohanty
BACKGROUND: In response to persistently poor levels of maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) in rural India, the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) was launched to support the provision of accessible, affordable and quality health care in deprived and underserved communities. The Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs), local women, are trained as health promoters to generate demand for, and facilitate access to MNCH care in their communities. While they are also expected to provide husbands of expectant women with information on MNCH care and family planning, their reach to the husbands is limited...
2015: BMC Health Services Research
Eva B Bodzsar, Annamaria Zsakai, Katinka Utczas, C G Nicholas Mascie-Taylor
The aim of this study was to find out whether differences exist in the physical development, nutritional status and psychosomatic status of children living in deprived regions of Hungary compared with the Hungarian national reference values. The Hungarian government's decree No. 24/2003 created a complex indicator of social and economic conditions by which the country's regions were graded into deprived and non-deprived regions. This study examined 3128 children (aged 3-18 years) living in the deprived regions and their biological status was compared with the national reference values (2nd Hungarian National Growth Study)...
May 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
Monica L Assunção, Haroldo S Ferreira, Sônia B Coutinho, Leonor M P Santos, Bernardo L Horta
Millions of children live in Brazil's semi-arid region, one of the most socially-deprived areas of the country, where undernutrition co-exists with obesity as a consequence of the nutrition transition. There is evidence that childhood obesity predisposes adult obesity and, thus, that obesity should be prevented as early as possible. Some studies have shown that breastfeeding is a protective factor against overweight and obesity while other studies have not found this association. There have been few studies on this association in developing countries and of children below two years of age...
March 2015: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Thomas Bourgeron
ESSENCE refers to early symptomatic syndromes eliciting neurodevelopmental clinical examinations. It includes a broad range of early onset neurodevelopmental disorders affecting more than 10% of children before 5 years of age. ESSENCE includes among others attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), intellectual disability (ID) and autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Some degree of disability is the rule rather than the exception. The causes are heterogeneous ranging from extreme social deprivation, pre- and perinatal risk factors, genetic and metabolic diseases, immune and infectious disorders, nutritional factors, physical trauma, and postnatal toxic and environmental factors (and combinations/interactions of some or several of these)...
2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Jessica L Lee, Esther S Oh, Rebecca W Lee, Thomas E Finucane
PURPOSE: Undernutrition is often suspected in patients when serum albumin or prealbumin levels are low. We asked whether these measures are indeed low in undernourished people if no inflammatory illness is present. METHODS: We did a systematic review to identify otherwise healthy subjects who were severely nutrient-deprived due to poor access to food or unwillingness to eat. We excluded children and pregnant women. We tabulated available measures of nutrient intake, anthropometry, serum albumin and prealbumin, and, when available, changes in these measures during nutritional intervention...
September 2015: American Journal of Medicine
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