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Nutritional Deprivation in children

Nisha Beharie, Micaela Mercado, Mary McKay
With the recent cuts to the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), more information is needed to assess the impact these policies have on vulnerable children. As such, this study assesses the potential moderating effect of SNAP participation on the association between material deprivation and educational outcomes among children living in poverty (n = 10 971, and n = 14 928). SNAP participation was found to moderate the association between material deprivation and grade retention, indicating that SNAP may be contributing to grade retention among children living in poverty, which can have positive lifelong consequences...
2017: Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition
Rini Sekartini, Dian Novita Chandra, Tiana Arsianti, Saptawati Bardosono, Tjhin Wiguna, Anne Schaafsma
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sleep is important for memory consolidation in children. This study intended to find out whether an evening milk-based drink could influence sleep efficiency and memory recall in a group of Indonesian children (5-6 years old) with sleep deprivation. METHODS: Children were randomly allocated to one of three interventions: Reference product, satiety-stimulating product, and a relaxing product. The intervention lasted for 6 weeks and children consumed two servings per day of each 200 ml, the serving in the morning being the same for all children...
May 16, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
Sanjana M Kamath, Kavana G Venkatappa, Ergod Manjunath Sparshadeep
INTRODUCTION: Proper nutrition is critical for maximizing brain function and enhancing learning. There is accumulating evidence that early malnutrition, marked by stunting, is associated with long-term deficits in cognitive and academic performance, even when social and psychological differences are controlled. All over the world, children living without permanent parental care are at a heightened risk for under-nutrition, putting their health and development in great jeopardy. AIM: To assess the nutritional and cognitive status in institutionalized orphans which might help to formulate effective interventions for improving the nutritional status of vulnerable children in future...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Ameenat Lola Solebo, Lucinda Teoh, Jugnoo Rahi
An estimated 14 million of the world's children are blind. A blind child is more likely to live in socioeconomic deprivation, to be more frequently hospitalised during childhood and to die in childhood than a child not living with blindness. This update of a previous review on childhood visual impairment focuses on emerging therapies for children with severe visual disability (severe visual impairment and blindness or SVI/BL).For children in higher income countries, cerebral visual impairment and optic nerve anomalies remain the most common causes of SVI/BL, while retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and cataract are now the most common avoidable causes...
May 2, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Amarech Asratie Wubante
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is the top cause of global burden of disease, disability and mortality among infants. Over two-thirds of deaths of children globally occur during the first year of life (infancy). Malnutrition among infants is substantially high in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study is aimed to assess determinants of infant nutritional status. METHODS: A community based nested case-control study was conducted from February to June 2013 in Dabat district. A total of 80 cases and 320 controls (1:4 ratios) were studied...
2017: PloS One
C Fitzpatrick, G D Datta, M Henderson, K Gray-Donald, Y Kestens, T A Barnett
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Targeting obesogenic features of children's environment that are amenable to change represents a promising strategy for health promotion. The school food environment, defined as the services and policies regarding nutrition and the availability of food in the school and surrounding neighborhood, is particularly important given that students travel through the school neighborhood almost daily and that they consume a substantial proportion of their calories at school...
July 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Ashley Darcy Mahoney, Lauren Head Zauche, Sunny Hallowell, Arianne Weldon, Jennifer Stapel-Wax
BACKGROUND: Early language exposure is critical for language acquisition and significantly influences a child's literacy skills. However, preterm infants may experience language deprivation in the neonatal intensive care unit. Nurses are vital to helping parents understand their critical role in early language development. PURPOSE: To discuss the impact of language-rich interactions and interventions that promote early language exposure, or Language Nutrition, by parents and caregivers on the long-term developmental, language, and educational outcomes of high-risk infants...
February 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
Simon Thornley, Roger Marshall, Gary Reynolds, Pauline Koopu, Gerhard Sundborn, Grant Schofield
AIM: The study assessed whether a healthy food policy implemented in one school, Yendarra Primary, situated in a socio-economically deprived area of South Auckland, had improved student oral health by comparing dental caries levels with students of similar schools in the same region with no such policy. METHODS: Records of caries of the primary and adult teeth were obtained between 2007 and 2014 for children attending Yendarra, and were compared to those of eight other public schools in the area, with a similar demographic profile...
May 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Maya Asami, Atsushi Kamei, Misato Nakakarumai, Satoko Shirasawa, Manami Akasaka, Nami Araya, Sachiko Tanifuji, Shoichi Chida
BACKGROUND: The survival rate of extremely preterm (EP) infants (<28 weeks of gestation) has improved dramatically, and there is great interest in the long-term prognosis. The aim of this study was to elucidate the influence of prenatal and postnatal care on long-term intellectual outcome in EP infants. METHODS: Subjects were EP infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit from 1982 to 2005. The survival rate and neurodevelopmental outcomes at 6 years of age were analyzed for the periods 1982-1991 (period 1) and 1992-2005 (period 2)...
May 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Leland V Miller, K Michael Hambidge, Janet C King, Jamie E Westcott, Nancy F Krebs
BACKGROUND: The size of the rapidly exchanging pool of body zinc has been suggested as having potential utility as a biomarker of zinc status. Knowledge of the relations of exchangeable zinc pool (EZP) size to relevant variables is necessary to adequately evaluate its use as a biomarker. OBJECTIVE: We used regression analysis to investigate associations of EZP with age, sex, body size, and zinc nutrition variables. METHODS: Data were compiled from 18 isotope tracer studies of zinc absorption in 247 children and adults (248 observations) in which EZP and relevant variables (e...
February 2017: Journal of Nutrition
L Hymøller, S K Jensen, P Kaas, J Jakobsen
The link between UV light (sunlight) and endogenous cholecalciferol (vitamin D3 ) synthesis in the skin of humans has been known for more than a 100 years, since doctors for the first time successfully used UV light to cure rickets in children. Years later, it was shown that UV light also had a significant effect on the cholecalciferol status in the body of cattle. The cholecalciferol status in the body is measured as the plasma concentration of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol, which in cattle and humans is the major circulating metabolite of cholecalciferol...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Yichao Wu, Di Qi
This article investigates how the nutritional deprivation and inequality among children in China by provinces and urban/rural areas has changed over time from 1991 to 2009 using the China Health and Nutrition Survey data. The children who were undernourished in stunting and underweight have declined over years, but provincial disparities were significant and urban children performed better than the rural peers. The nutritional deprivation of children has been alleviated in China over time, but more efforts should be made by the government to improve the nutritional condition in less developed provinces and for those children who are severely undernourished...
October 2016: Social Work in Public Health
Sabita Rezwana Rahman, Md Firoz Ahmed, Mohammad Ariful Islam, Md Majibur Rahman
BACKGROUND: Influenza viruses may cause severe acute respiratory illness among human population. People of densely populated areas, e.g., slum, are mostly affected by influenza viruses. Although potential vaccines to influenza viruses have been developed, infection rate is still high, therefore, increase the morbidity and mortality rate in slum areas. To treat these infections, slum dwellers including children and mothers do not get proper medication as well as vaccination. Hence, prevention remains to be the only mean to tackle such infections...
2016: SpringerPlus
Jorge Lopes Cavalcante-Neto, Cristiane Silvestre de Paula, Telma Maria de Menezes Toledo Florêncio, Claudio Torres de Miranda
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The disability associated with maternal common mental disorders (CMDs) is among the possible explanations for the association between chronic childhood malnutrition and CMDs. CMDs may impair the mother's ability to perform her role, particularly in deprived environments. The present study aimed to evaluate whether disability relating to CMDs could be part of the pathway of the association between childhood malnutrition and maternal CMDs. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted in two institutions: one for malnourished children and another for eutrophic children living in a low-income community in the state of Alagoas, Brazil...
May 13, 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
Vered Kaufman-Shriqui, Drora Fraser, Michael Friger, Dikla Geva, Natalya Bilenko, Hillel Vardi, Naama Elhadad, Karen Mor, Zvi Feine, Danit R Shahar
Early social and economic deprivation, associated with poor nutrition and physical inactivity, may lead to adverse health trajectories. A cluster-randomized controlled-trial examining the effect of a school-based comprehensive intervention on nutrition knowledge, eating habits, and behaviors among low socioeconomic status (LSES) school-aged children was performed. LSES school-aged children (4-7 years) and their mothers were recruited from 11 schools, located in one town. The intervention was implemented on three levels: children, mothers, and teachers...
April 21, 2016: Nutrients
Samuel Durán Agüero, Pablo Haro Rivera
INTRODUCTION: Studies mainly performed in adults have shown an association between the amount of sleep and obesity. OBJECTIVE: To determine if there is an association between nocturnal sleep deprivation during the week and the weekend, eating habits, physical activity and nutritional status among Chilean schoolchildren. POPULATION, MATERIAL AND METHODS: Crosssectional study. An anthropometric assessment was done among 6-11 year-old students; the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used among parents to measure their children's quality of sleep; they were asked about eating habits and physical activity...
April 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Sachin Singh Yadav, Shweta Tomar Yadav, Prabhaker Mishra, Anshu Mittal, Randhir Kumar, Jagjeet Singh
INTRODUCTION: A child is future of nation. Malnutrition is a big public health problem in India as it can be attributed for more than half (54 percent) of all under five mortality in India. AIM: To assess prevalence of malnutrition among urban and rural population of Haryana using newly developed WHO growth standards. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A community based cross-sectional survey was conducted in children of 3-60 months age living in the urban and rural field practice areas of Department of Community Medicine MMIMSR, Mullana, Ambala during January 2012 to December 2012...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Sara Horrell, Deborah Oxley
Gender bias against girls in nineteenth-century England has received much interest but establishing its existence has proved difficult. We utilise data on heights of 16,402 children working in northern textile factories in 1837 to examine whether gender bias was evident. Current interpretations argue against any difference. Here our comparisons with modern height standards reveal greater deprivation for girls than for boys. Discrimination is measured in girls' height-for-age score (HAZ) falling eight standard errors below boys' at ages 11, 11...
September 2016: Economics and Human Biology
Michael Trimble, Dale C Hesdorffer
Epilepsy is a disorder that has been used by dramatists in various ways over the ages and therefore highlights the views of the disorder as people saw it at the time the plays were written and performed. In the 6th century BC, links between tragedy and epilepsy were developed by Greek playwrights, especially Euripides, in Iphigenia among the Taureans and Heracles where epilepsy and madness associated with extreme violence occur together. Both Heracles and Orestes have episodes after a long period of physical exhaustion and nutritional deprivation...
April 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Magaly Aceves-Martins, Elisabet Llauradó, Lucia Tarro, Rosa Solà, Montse Giralt
BACKGROUND: Mexico is a developing country with one of the highest youth obesity rates worldwide; >34% of children and adolescents between 5 and 19 years of age are overweight or obese. OBJECTIVES: The current review seeks to compile, describe, and analyze dietary conditions, physical activity, socioeconomic status, and cultural factors that create and exacerbate an obesogenic environment among Mexican youth. DESIGN: A narrative review was performed using PubMed and the Cochrane Library databases, as well as grey literature data from the Mexican government, academics, and statistical reports from nongovernmental organizations, included in electronic formats...
2016: Global Health Action
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