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Blue light therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435253/antimicrobial-photodynamic-activity-and-cytocompatibility-of-au25-capt-18-clusters-photoexcited-by-blue-led-light-irradiation
#1
Saori Miyata, Hirofumi Miyaji, Hideya Kawasaki, Masaki Yamamoto, Erika Nishida, Hiroko Takita, Tsukasa Akasaka, Natsumi Ushijima, Toshihiko Iwanaga, Tsutomu Sugaya
Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) has beneficial effects in dental treatment. We applied captopril-protected gold (Au25(Capt)18) clusters as a novel photosensitizer for aPDT. Photoexcited Au clusters under light irradiation generated singlet oxygen ((1)O2). Accordingly, the antimicrobial and cytotoxic effects of Au25(Capt)18 clusters under dental blue light-emitting diode (LED) irradiation were evaluated. (1)O2 generation of Au25(Capt)18 clusters under blue LED irradiation (420-460 nm) was detected by a methotrexate (MTX) probe...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426977/blue-violet-laser-inactivates-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-by-altering-its-transmembrane-potential
#2
Gabriel Biener, Daniela S Masson-Meyers, Violet V Bumah, Grant Hussey, Michael R Stoneman, Chukuka S Enwemeka, Valerica Raicu
The resistance of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus to antibiotics presents serious clinical problems that prompted the need for finding alternative or combination therapies. One such therapy is irradiation with blue light. To determine the alterations in metabolic processes implicated in the observed antimicrobial effects of blue light, we investigated the changes in membrane potential and the presence of free-radical-producing photo-acceptor molecules. Bacterial cultures irradiated with one or two doses of 405nm laser light (each consisting of 121J/cm(2)) were imaged with spectrally resolved laser-scanning microscopes to detect endogenous fluorescent species as well as the voltage sensitive dye 3,3'-Diethyloxacarbocyanine iodide...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424663/antimicrobial-photodynamic-therapy-against-endodontic-enterococcus-faecalis-and-candida-albicans-mono-and-mixed-biofilms-in-the-presence-of-photosensitizers-a-comparative-study-with-classical-endodontic-irrigants
#3
Patrícia Diogo, Chantal Fernandes, Francisco Caramelo, Marta Mota, Isabel M Miranda, M A F Faustino, M G P M S Neves, Marciana P Uliana, Kleber T de Oliveira, João M Santos, Teresa Gonçalves
Endodontic biofilms eradication from the infected root canal system remains as the primary focus in endodontic field. In this study, it was assessed the efficacy of antimicrobial Photodynamic Therapy (aPDT) with the Zn(II)chlorin e6 methyl ester (Zn(II)e6Me) activated by red light against monospecies and mixed biofilms of Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans. The results were compared with the ones obtained with Rose Bengal (RB), Toluidine Blue-O (TBO), the synthetic tetracationic porphyrin (TMPyP) as well as classical endodontic irrigants (3% NaOCl, 17% EDTA and 2% CHX)...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403266/laser-assisted-photodynamic-therapy-two-novel-protocols-for-enhanced-treatment-results
#4
Mary L Stevenson, Julie K Karen, Elizabeth K Hale
<p>Photodynamic therapy (PDT) uses a topical photosensitizing agent which is activated by a light source to cause destruction of specific cells. Commonly used for the treatment of actinic keratoses and photodamage, PDT can also be used for other conditions including acne and sebaceous hyperplasia. Here we report our experience with two treatment protocols. The first protocol utilizes laser assisted delivery of topical 5-aminolevulinic acid for enhanced efficacy of blue light photodynamic therapy in the treatment of actinic keratoses and photodamage...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398918/histological-features-of-methylene-blue-induced-phototoxicity-administered-in-the-context-of-parathyroid-surgery
#5
Ciara A Maguire, Anup Sharma, Lida Alarcon, Lorrette Ffolkes, Malgorzata Kurzepa, Lucy Ostlere, Venura Samarasinghe, Manuraj Singh
Methylene blue is a chromophore dye known for its photosensitizing properties. It is also administered intravenously as a tracer in parathyroid surgery to identify abnormal glands. We describe 2 cases of acute methylene blue-induced phototoxicity in patients who underwent parathyroidectomy. Both patients developed an acute vesiculopustular inflammatory rash on the anterior neck corresponding to the site exposed intraoperatively to overhanging surgical lights. One of the patients also developed a bulla on her finger at the site of attachment of the oxygen probe...
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394858/randomized-controlled-trial-of-fractional-carbon-dioxide-laser-resurfacing-followed-by-ultrashort-incubation-aminolevulinic-acid-blue-light-photodynamic-therapy-for-actinic-keratosis
#6
Macrene Alexiades
BACKGROUND: Aminolevulinic acid (ALA) photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an established treatment option for actinic keratosis (AK), and recently fractional carbon dioxide (CO2) laser was shown to improve outcomes; but studies of short incubation photosensitizer are lacking. OBJECTIVE: Assess the efficacy of short incubation ALA followed by blue light PDT with and without previous fractional CO2 treatment for the treatment of AK. METHODS: Randomized, paired split-design, controlled trial of fractional CO2 followed by ultrashort 15-minute versus 30-minute incubation ALA and blue light PDT for the treatment of AK on the face...
April 6, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392641/low-level-light-therapy-with-410-nm-light-emitting-diode-suppresses-collagen-synthesis-in-human-keloid-fibroblasts-an-in-vitro-study
#7
Hyun Soo Lee, Soo-Eun Jung, Sue Kyung Kim, You-Sun Kim, Seonghyang Sohn, You Chan Kim
BACKGROUND: Keloids are characterized by excessive collagen deposition in the dermis, in which transforming growth factor β (TGF-β)/Smad signaling plays an important role. Low-level light therapy (LLLT) is reported as effective in preventing keloids in clinical reports, recently. To date, studies investigating the effect of LLLT on keloid fibroblasts are extremely rare. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effect of LLLT with blue (410 nm), red (630 nm), and infrared (830 nm) light on the collagen synthesis in keloid fibroblasts...
April 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370019/efficacy-of-ultra-short-sub-30-minute-incubation-of-5-aminolevulinic-acid-photodynamic-therapy-in-vitro
#8
Eugene Koo, Evan Austin, Andrew Mamalis, Jared Jagdeo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The estimated incidence of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is 700,000 cases per year. In the US, SCC incidence is highest among fair skinned adults older than 50 years of age. Thus, as the population ages, the reported number of SCCs will likely increase in the future. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an FDA approved therapy for treatment of actinic keratoses (AKs), a precursor to cutaneous SCC lesions. The FDA approved incubation time of the photosensitizing agent 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is 14-18 hours...
March 29, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359938/effect-of-antimicrobial-photodynamic-therapy-on-the-counts-of-salivary-streptococcus-mutans-in-children-with-severe-early-childhood-caries
#9
Reza Fekrazad, Bahman Seraj, Nasim Chiniforush, Mehrak Rokouei, Niloofar Mousavi, Sara Ghadimi
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) is a novel technique for reduction of pathogenic microorganisms in dentistry. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of aPDT on Streptococcus mutans reduction in children with severe early childhood caries. METHODS: Twenty-two children with severe early childhood caries aged 3 to 6 years were treated with toluoidine blue O (TBO) for 1 minute and irradiated by a Light Emitting Diode (LED; FotoSan, CMS Dental, Denmark) with the exposure time of 150seconds...
March 27, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350664/human-adipose-derived-stem-cells-labeled-with-plasmonic-gold-nanostars-for-cellular-tracking-and-photothermal-cancer-cell-ablation
#10
Ronnie L Shammas, Andrew M Fales, Bridget M Crawford, Amy J Wisdom, Gayathri R Devi, David A Brown, Tuan Vo-Dinh, Scott T Hollenbeck
BACKGROUND: Gold nanostars are unique nanoplatforms that can be imaged in real time and transform light energy into heat to ablate cells. Adipose-derived stem cells migrate toward tumor niches in response to chemokines. The ability of adipose-derived stem cells to migrate and integrate into tumors makes them ideal vehicles for the targeted delivery of cancer nanotherapeutics. METHODS: To test the labeling efficiency of gold nanostars, undifferentiated adipose-derived stem cells were incubated with gold nanostars and a commercially available nanoparticle (Qtracker), then imaged using two-photon photoluminescence microscopy...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344047/sub-additive-effects-of-photodynamic-therapy-combined-with-erlotinib-for-the-treatment-of-epidermoid-carcinoma-an-in-vitro-study
#11
Sávio M L Gontijo, Renata C Felizali, Pedro P G Guimarães, Robson A S Santos, Rubén D Sinisterra, Maria E Cortés, Patrícia V Araújo
BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an antitumour treatment that employs the combination of a photosensitive compound, oxygen and visible light. To improve the antitumour activity of PDT, the present study used the strategy of combining PDT with erlotinib (ERL), a drug frequently used in the treatment of epidermoid carcinoma. METHODS: An MTT cell viability assay was used to evaluate the cytotoxicity of PDT combined with ERL on A431 epidermoid carcinoma cells in vitro...
March 23, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338214/light-therapies-for-acne-abridged-cochrane-systematic-review-including-grade-assessments
#12
REVIEW
J Barbaric, R Abbott, P Posadzki, M Car, L H Gunn, A M Layton, A Majeed, J Car
We undertook a Cochrane review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effects of light-based interventions for acne vulgaris. We searched the Cochrane Skin Specialised Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, LILACS, ISI Web of Science, and grey literature sources (September 2015). We used the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation Working Group approach to assess the quality of evidence (QE). We included 71 RCTs (4211 participants, median sample size 31). Results from a single study (n = 266, low QE) showed little or no difference in effectiveness on participants' assessment of improvement between 20% aminolevulinic acid (ALA) photodynamic therapy (PDT), activated by blue light, versus vehicle plus blue light, whereas another study (n = 180) of a comparison of ALA-PDT (red light) concentrations showed 20% ALA-PDT was no more effective than 15%, but better than 10% and 5% ALA-PDT...
March 24, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334690/intracellular-fluorescent-light-up-bioprobes-with-different-morphology-for-image-guided-photothermal-cancer-therapy
#13
Bangbang Li, Peng Zhang, Jianwei Du, Xiao Zhao, Youxiang Wang
Multifunctional nanoprobe was drawing increased attention in tumor diagnosis and therapy. The simple and effective establishment of the theranostic nanoplatforms was still under urgent need. Meanwhile, the targeting ability and morphology of nanoprobe were essential for the effective endocytosis, which could further affect the diagnosis. In this work, two morphologies of nanoprobes were fabricated using gold nanorods (AuNRs) and gold nanospheres (AuNSs). Thiolated-hyaluronic acid labeled with nile blue (HS-HA-NB), a near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence dye, was coated on the surface of the gold nanoparticles to form stable nanoprobes (AuNR@HS-HA-NB, AuNS@HS-HA-NB)...
March 9, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326852/sleep-outcomes-following-sleep-hygiene-related-interventions-for-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#14
Stefan Bogdanov, Sharon Naismith, Suncica Lah
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance is commonly reported following traumatic brain injury (TBI) and can adversely impact health and wellbeing and interfere with the rehabilitation process. As such, effective treatment of sleep disturbance is critical for overall recovery. Sleep hygiene, which is non-invasive, low cost, and low risk, could serve as a suitable first line of treatment for individuals experiencing sleep disturbance post-TBI. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of sleep hygiene on sleep outcomes post-TBI...
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324275/the-impact-of-blue-light-cystoscopy-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-bladder-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Eugene J Pietzak
Photodynamic diagnostic technique with blue light cystoscopy (BLC) takes advantage of the preferential uptake and accumulation of protoporphyrins in neoplastic tissue which emit a red fluorescence when illuminated with blue light (360-450 nm wavelengths). This allows enhanced visualization of small papillary tumors and flat carcinoma in situ lesions that might have been missed on white light cystoscopy (WLC). There is compelling evidence that the ability of BLC to detect these additional tumors translates into improved recurrence rates compared to WLC...
May 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301624/photodynamic-therapy-effectively-treats-actinic-keratoses-without-pre-illumination-incubation-time
#16
Jessica Gandy, Brian Labadie, Dina Bierman, Christopher Zachary
<p>BACKGROUND: Actinic keratoses (AKs) are dysplastic lesions of the epidermis that have the potential to progress to non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSC). Traditional photodynamic therapy (PDT) requires a pre-illumination incubation time, which adds to overall in-office time and has been linked to pain. Our group has found a novel protocol to effectively treat AKs with PDT that eliminates the pre-illumination incubation period and uses 2 back-to-back cycles of 16 minute 40 seconds.</p> <p>METHODS: The patient was prepped with soapy water and isopropyl alcohol, and thick AKs were descaled with a curette...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300724/methylene-blue-curcumin-and-ion-pairing-nanoparticles-effects-on-photodynamic-therapy-of-mda-mb-231-breast-cancer-cell
#17
Reza Hosseinzadeh, Khatereh Khorsandi
PURPOSE: The aim of current study was to use methylene blue-curcumin ion pair nanoparticles and single dyes as photosensitizer for comparison of photodynamic therapy (PDT) efficacy on MDA-MB-231 cancer cells, also various light sources effect on activation of photosensitizer (PS) was considered. METHOD: Ion pair nanoparticles were synthesized using opposite charge ions precipitation and lyophilized. The PDT experiments were designed and the effect of PSs and light sources (Red LED (630nm; power density: 30mWcm(-2)) and blue LED (465nm; power density: 34mWcm(-2))) on the human breast cancer cell line were examined...
March 11, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298203/methylene-blue-photodynamic-therapy-induces-selective-and-massive-cell-death-in-human-breast-cancer-cells
#18
Ancély F Dos Santos, Letícia F Terra, Rosangela A M Wailemann, Talita C Oliveira, Vinícius de Morais Gomes, Marcela Franco Mineiro, Flávia Carla Meotti, Alexandre Bruni-Cardoso, Maurício S Baptista, Leticia Labriola
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the main cause of mortality among women. The disease presents high recurrence mainly due to incomplete efficacy of primary treatment in killing all cancer cells. Photodynamic therapy (PDT), an approach that causes tissue destruction by visible light in the presence of a photosensitizer (Ps) and oxygen, appears as a promising alternative therapy that could be used adjunct to chemotherapy and surgery for curing cancer. However, the efficacy of PDT to treat breast tumours as well as the molecular mechanisms that lead to cell death remain unclear...
March 15, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288450/laser-treatment-of-tattoos-basic-principles
#19
Wolfgang Bäumler
Tattooing has become very popular worldwide during the past decades, and millions of people have one or many tattoos at different anatomical sites. The color of tattoos is mainly black, followed by red, green, blue, and other colors. A part of the tattooed people regret tattooing or have permanent problems with tattoos and therefore seek for tattoo removal. Tattoos consist of solid pigment particles in the skin. Thus, tattoo removal requires fragmentation of these permanently incorporated particles. The gold standard of tattoo removal is laser therapy...
2017: Current Problems in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274357/laser-and-light-based-treatments-of-acne-and-acne-scarring
#20
Macrene Alexiades
The treatment of acne and acne scarring with lasers and light-based and energy-based technologies has become an integral component of our therapeutic arsenal. Lasers including infrared wavelengths and pulsed dye lasers; light devices including blue light, red light, and broadband light; and photodynamic therapy with aminolevulinic acid and methylaminolevulinic acid have been shown to be effective in the treatment of acne vulgaris. The optimal outcomes are achieved with photodynamic therapy combined with medical therapy...
March 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
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