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Blue light therapy

Kui Yang, Jia Wen, Shuang Chao, Jing Liu, Ke Yang, Yuxin Pei, Zhichao Pei
A supramolecular photosensitizer system WP6-MB was synthesized based on water-soluble pillar[6]arene and the photosensitizer methylene blue (MB) via host-guest interaction. MB can complex with WP6 directly with a high complex constant without further modification. In particular, WP6-MB can reduce the dark toxicity of MB remarkably. Furthermore, it can efficiently overcome photobleaching and extend the time for singlet oxygen production of MB upon light irradiation, which is significant for durable photodynamic therapy...
May 23, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
N I Schastnaya, V S Ulashchyk
BACKGROUND: in spite of the fact that photomagnetic therapy with the use of the FotoSPOK device (Magnomed Ltd., Belarus) is already used in the medical practice, the application of this method for the management of many diseases remains to be substantiated on the scientifically sound grounds. AIM: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of photomagnetic therapy in the treatment of the local inflammatory process in the skin and to elaborate the rationale for the application of this technique in the treatment of contact dermatitis...
May 21, 2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
Laíse Midori Tokubo, Pedro Luiz Rosalen, Janaina de Cássia Orlandi Sardi, Irlan Almeida Freires, Mitsue Fujimaki, Josely Emiko Umeda, Patricia Magalhães Barbosa, Gabriela Ortolan Tecchio, Noboru Hioka, Camila Fabiano de Freitas, Raquel Sano Suga Terada
BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has demonstrated promising results in the treatment of several clinical pathologies through the photochemical reaction caused by the combination of a photosensitizer and a light source. The objective of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial effect of the combination of the photosensitizers (PSs) erythrosine/methylene blue activated by a white halogen light device on Streptococcus mutans biofilm. METHODS: Two separate experiments were conducted, the first using the PSs at the concentration of 100 μM, and the second 250 μM...
May 12, 2018: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Gamze Bölükbaşı Ateş, Ayşe Ak, Bora Garipcan, Murat Gülsoy
Photobiomodulation (PBM) and photodynamic therapy (PDT) share similar mechanisms but have opposite aims. Increased levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the target tissue in response to light combined photosensitizer (PS) application may lead to cell proliferation or oxidative damage depending on the ROS amount. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the effect of indocyanine green (ICG)-mediated PBM on osteoblast cells by measuring cell viability, proliferation, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, mineralization, and gene expressions of three phenotypic osteoblast markers...
May 9, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Ying-Ying Huang, Anton Wintner, Patrick C Seed, Timothy Brauns, Jeffrey A Gelfand, Michael R Hamblin
Drug-resistant urinary tract infections (UTIs) are difficult and sometimes impossible to treat. Many UTIs are caused by uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC). We developed an intact rat model of UTI, by catheterizing female rats and introducing a bioluminescent UPEC strain into the female rat bladder which lasted for up to six days. We recently showed that antimicrobial photodynamic inactivation (aPDI) of a bacterial infection mediated by the well-known phenothiazinium salt, methylene blue (MB) could be strongly potentiated by addition of the non-toxic salt potassium iodide (KI)...
May 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
Akhil Jain, Rina Koyani, Carlos Muñoz, Prakhar Sengar, Oscar E Contreras, Patricia Juárez, Gustavo A Hirata
Nanoparticle (NP) and photosensitizer (PS) conjugates capable of X-ray photodynamic therapy (X-PDT) are a research focus due to their potential applications in cancer treatment. Combined with X-PDT, appropriate imaging properties of the nanocomposite will make it suitable for theranostics of deep lying tumors. In this work, we describe the development of magnetic-luminescent Gd2.98 Ce0.02 Al5 O12 nanoparticles (GAG) coated with mesoporous silica (mSiO2 ) and loaded with rose bengal (RB) to yield a nanocomposite GAG@mSiO2 @RB capable of X-PDT...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Anthony J Lewis, Xianghong Zhang, John E Griepentrog, Du Yuan, Richard D Collage, Paul K Waltz, Derek C Angus, Brian S Zuckerbraun, Matthew R Rosengart
OBJECTIVES: The physiology of nearly all mammalian organisms are entrained by light and exhibit circadian rhythm. The data derived from animal studies show that light influences immunity, and these neurophysiologic pathways are maximally entrained by the blue spectrum. Here, we hypothesize that bright blue light reduces acute kidney injury by comparison with either bright red or standard, white fluorescent light in mice subjected to sepsis. To further translational relevance, we performed a pilot clinical trial of blue light therapy in human subjects with appendicitis...
May 4, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
Soon K Cheong, Wenjun Xiong, Jennifer M Strazzeri, Constance L Cepko, David R Williams, William H Merigan
Adaptive optics retinal imaging of fluorescent calcium indicators is a minimally invasive method used to study retinal physiology over extended periods of time. It has potential for discovering novel retinal circuits, tracking retinal function in animal models of retinal disease, and assessing vision restoration therapy. We previously demonstrated functional adaptive optics imaging of retinal neurons in the living eye using green fluorescent calcium indicators; however, the use of green fluorescent indicators presents challenges that stem from the fact that they are excited by short-wavelength light...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Sarah E Mondello, Michael D Sunshine, Amanda E Fischedick, Sam J Dreyer, Gregory D Horwitz, Polina Anikeeva, Philip J Horner, Chet T Moritz
Electrical intraspinal microstimulation (ISMS) at various sites along the cervical spinal cord permits forelimb muscle activation, elicits complex limb movements, and may enhance functional recovery after spinal cord injury (SCI). Here, we explore optogenetic spinal stimulation (OSS) as a less invasive and cell-type specific alternative to ISMS. To map forelimb muscle activation by OSS in rats, adeno-associated viruses (AAV) carrying the blue-light sensitive ion channels channelrhodopsin-2 (ChR2) and Chronos were injected into the cervical spinal cord at different depths and volumes...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Neurophysiology
Viviana Teresa Orlandi, Eleonora Martegani, Fabrizio Bolognese
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the etiological agent of systemic and skin infections that are often difficult to treat. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) and, more recently, phototherapy (PT), are emerging among antimicrobial treatments to be combined with antibiotics. Visible light, either alone or combined with a photosensitizer (PS), elicits photooxidative stress that induces microbial death. The response of bacteria to phototherapy seems to involve the antioxidant machinery. This study relies on the effects of detoxifying catalase A (KatA) in response to PDT and PT-induced photooxidative stress...
April 27, 2018: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
P Diogo, M Mota, C Fernandes, D Sequeira, P Palma, F Caramelo, M G P M S Neves, M A F Faustino, T Gonçalves, J M Santos
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess antimicrobial efficacy and cytotoxic outcomes of a chlorophyll based photosensitizer (PS) Zn(II)chlorin e6 methyl ester (Zn(II)e6 Me), when applied to human dentin discs and root blocks infected with 48 h biofilms. The results were compared with the ones obtained with FotoSan® (commercial Toluidine Blue O formulation) and 3% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl). METHODOLOGY: Dentin and root blocks were infected with mixed biofilms of Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans; exposed for 15 min to 0...
April 20, 2018: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Martha S Ribeiro, Luciana S A de Melo, Sajid Farooq, Alessandra Baptista, Ilka T Kato, Silvia C Núñez, Renato E de Araujo
Localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) of gold nanoparticles has been reported to increase the antimicrobial effect of the photodynamic therapy. Although silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are an efficient growth inhibitor of microorganisms, no studies exploring LSPR of AgNPs to enhance the photodynamic inactivation (PDI) have been related. In this work, we described the LSPR phenomenon of AgNP sand investigated its interaction with riboflavin, a natural photosensitizer. We evaluated the use of AgNPs coated with pectin (p-AgNP) in riboflavin (Rb)-mediated PDI of Escherichia coli (Gram- bacteria) and Streptococcus mutans (Gram+ bacteria) using a blue light-emitting diode (λ = 455 ± 20 nm) of optical power 200 mW...
April 17, 2018: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Charles Mignon, Natallia E Uzunbajakava, Irene Castellano-Pellicena, Natalia V Botchkareva, Desmond J Tobin
BACKGROUND OBJECTIVES: The past decade has witnessed a rapid expansion of photobiomodulation (PBM), demonstrating encouraging results for the treatment of cutaneous disorders. Confidence in this approach, however, is impaired not only by a lack of understanding of the light-triggered molecular cascades but also by the significant inconsistency in published experimental outcomes, design of the studies and applied optical parameters. This study aimed at characterizing the response of human dermal fibroblast subpopulations to visible and near-infrared (NIR) light in an attempt to identify the optical treatment parameters with high potential to address deficits in aging skin and non-healing chronic wounds...
April 17, 2018: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Kayla Marra, Ethan P LaRochelle, M Shane Chapman, P Jack Hoopes, Karina Lukovits, Edward V Maytin, Tayyaba Hasan, Brian W Pogue
Daylight-mediated photodynamic therapy (d-PDT) as a treatment for actinic keratosis (AK) is an increasingly common technique due to a significant reduction in pain, leading to better patient tolerability. While past studies have looked at different light sources and delivery methods, this study strives to provide equivalent PpIX-weighted light doses with the hypothesis that artificial light sources could be equally as effective as natural sunlight if their PpIX-weighted fluences were equalized. Normal mouse skin was used as the model to compare blue LED light, metal halide white light, and natural sunlight, with minimal incubation time between topical ALA application and the onset of light delivery...
April 16, 2018: Photochemistry and Photobiology
M P J Aarts, A L P Rosemann
BACKGROUND: For treating affective disorders like SAD, light therapy is used although the underlying mechanism explaining this success remains unclear. To accelerate the research on defining the light characteristics responsible for inducing a specific effect a uniform manner for specifying the irradiance at the eye should be defined. This allows a genuine comparison between light-affect studies. An important factor impacting the irradiance at the eye are the radiant characteristics of the used light therapy device...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Upendra Chitgupi, Jonathan F Lovell, Venugopal Rajendiran
Mesotetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin (mTCPP) is a commercially available small molecule fluorophore and photosensitizer with four free carboxylic acid groups. mTCPP can readily be conjugated with amines for facile attachment of functional groups. In this work, we synthesized and assessed tetravalent, lysine-conjugated mTCPP, for its potential applications in targeted imaging and photodynamic therapy. Fmoc-protected d-lysine or l-lysine was conjugated to mTCPP via amide coupling with the epsilon amine group of lysine, followed by Fmoc deprotection...
April 12, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Barbara Kofler, Angela Romani, Christian Pritz, Teresa Bernadette Steinbichler, Volker Hans Schartinger, Herbert Riechelmann, Jozsef Dudas
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is suggested to have an impact on the treatment of early stage head and neck cancers (HNSCC). We investigated the effect of PDT with methylene blue (MB) and a diode laser (660 nm) as the laser source on HNSCC cell lines as an in vitro model of surface oral squamous cell carcinoma. Cell-cultures were exposed to 160 µM MB for 4 min and to laser light for 8 min. Viability was proven via cell viability assay and clonogenic survival via clone counting assay. The combination of MB and diode laser evidenced high efficient loss of cell viability by 5% of the control, while treatment with the same concentration of MB for 4 min alone showed a viability of 46% of the control...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
W R Kim, S G Bae, T H Oh
In veterinary medicine, infection caused by Malassezia pachydermatis is spreading and necessity of alternative treatment is emphasized. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is therapeutic method using specific spectrum of light with photosensitizer. In this study, applying PDT not only using red light which is used in human medicine commonly, but also using blue light into skin infection causative microorganism with photosensitizer, confirm the effect of PDT and possibility of being an alternative treatment. Four isolates of M...
March 2018: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
Janir Alves Soares, Suelleng Maria Cunha Santos Soares, Rudys Rodolfo de Jesus Tavarez, Claudia de Castro Rizzi, Silvana Cristina Gama Vaz Rodrigues, Etevaldo Matos Maia Filho, Manoel Brito-Júnior, Rodrigo Dantas Pereira, Paula Prazeres Magalhães, Luiz de Macêdo Farias
BACKGROUND: The failure of endodontic treatment is linked to the presence of Enterococcus faecalis in the root canals. The scope of study was to evaluate the influence of the energy dose and frequency of photodynamic therapy (PDT cycles), as well as the volume of bacterial suspensions (BS) in the elimination of Enterococcus faecalis planktonic forms. METHODS: In four successive assays BS of Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 19433 were irradiated with a diode laser (40 mW) using the photosensitizer (PS) methylene blue (MB) (0...
March 29, 2018: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
E Priglinger, J Maier, S Chaudary, C Lindner, C Wurzer, S Rieger, H Redl, S Wolbank, P Dungel
A highly interesting source for adult stem cells is adipose tissue, from which the stromal vascular fraction (SVF) - a heterogeneous cell population including the adipose-derived stromal/stem cells (ASC) - can be obtained. To enhance the regenerative potential of freshly isolated SVF cells low level light therapy (LLLT), was used. The effects of pulsed blue (475 nm), green (516 nm) and red light (635 nm) from light-emitting diodes (LEDs) applied on freshly isolated SVF were analyzed regarding cell phenotype, cell number, viability, adenosine triphosphate content, cytotoxicity and proliferation, but also osteogenic, adipogenic and pro-angiogenic differentiation potential...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
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