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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678976/fostering-active-living-and-healthy-eating-through-understanding-physical-activity-and-dietary-behaviours-of-arabic-speaking-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-middle-east
#1
Tam Truong Donnelly, Tak Shing Fung, Al-Anoud Bint Mohammad Al-Thani
OBJECTIVES: Physical inactivity and unhealthy diets increase the risk for diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Many people in Qatar are sedentary and consume diets high in fats, salt and sugar. The purpose of this study was to determine physical activity levels, food habits and understand the variables that might predict physical activity and healthy eating behaviours among Arabic-speaking adults living in the State of Qatar. SETTING: A cross-sectional community-based survey was conducted with 1606 Arab adults ≥18 years of age from March 2013 to June 2015...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677203/how-does-food-addiction-influence-dietary-intake-profile
#2
Aylin Ayaz, Reyhan Nergiz-Unal, Damla Dedebayraktar, Asli Akyol, A Gulden Pekcan, Halit Tanju Besler, Zehra Buyuktuncer
This study aimed to investigate whether there was any difference in eating pattern, abnormal eating behaviour, obesity and the number of food addiction symptoms according to food addiction presence. A total sample of 851 healthy subjects living in Ankara (n = 360 male, n = 491 female) aged 19-65 years were included in this cross-sectional survey. Data on demographic information, 24-hour dietary recalls, Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS), Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT-26), and anthropometric measurements were collected through face-to-face interviews...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676677/lessons-learnt-about-conducting-a-multilingual-nutrition-survey-in-switzerland-results-from-menuch-pilot-survey
#3
Angeline Chatelan, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Sabine Bucher, Stefan Siegenthaler, Nathalie Metzger, Christine Anne Zuberbühler, Esther Camenzind-Frey, Andrea Reggli, Murielle Bochud, Sigrid Beer-Borst
This paper informs about the implementation of the first trilingual Swiss nutrition pilot survey and lessons learnt in terms of recruitment, participation, data collection feasibility, and data management. The population-based cross-sectional nutrition pilot survey took place between June and November 2013. Six trained dietitians interviewed 276 adults aged 18-75 years residing in the cantons of Bern (German), Vaud (French) or Ticino (Italian). Food consumption was assessed with two non-consecutive computer-assisted 24-Hour Dietary Recalls (24HDR), applying a trilingual version of GloboDiet® adapted to specific requirements of Switzerland...
April 20, 2018: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676589/association-of-diabetes-diagnosis-with-dietary-changes-and-weight-reduction
#4
Daeho Kim, Kanghyock Koh, Shailender Swaminathan, Amal N Trivedi
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle modifications are associated with better outcomes for patients with diabetes. Patients' awareness of having diabetes may promote lifestyle changes, but there is limited evidence to support this assertion. This study examined whether a report of physician-diagnosed diabetes is associated with dietary changes and efforts to lose weight. METHODS: Cross-sectional comparison of individuals with and without diabetes or prediabetes diagnosis, matched on glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level, socio-demographic characteristics, and health status using propensity-score matching analysis...
April 20, 2018: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675557/association-between-the-dietary-inflammatory-index-dii-and-urinary-enterolignans-and-c-reactive-protein-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2003-2008
#5
Nitin Shivappa, Michael D Wirth, E Angela Murphy, Thomas G Hurley, James R Hébert
BACKGROUND: Enterolignans are important biomarkers of microbiota diversity, with higher levels indicating greater diversity. Diet and inflammation have been shown to play a role in maintaining microbiota diversity. This study examined whether inflammatory potential of diet, as measured by the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII® ) has an impact on levels of urinary enterolignans in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2008. We also carried out construct validation of the DII with C-reactive protein (CRP)...
April 19, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674134/higher-dietary-acid-load-is-associated-with-higher-likelihood-of-peripheral-arterial-disease-among-american-adults
#6
Mohsen Mazidi, Dimitri P Mikhailidis, Maciej Banach
OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between dietary acid load, potential renal acid load (PRAL) and net endogenous acid production (NEAP), and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in a national representative sample of American adults. METHODS: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) database (for 1999-2002) was used. PAD was diagnosed by ankle brachial index assessment. Analysis of covariance was used to examine adjusted mean of different dietary acid load by PAD status; multivariable logistic regression was used to relate dietary acid load with prevalent PAD...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673540/the-protective-effect-of-muesli-consumption-on-diabetes-risk-results-from-12-years-of-follow-up-in-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health
#7
Angelica Quatela, Robin Callister, Amanda J Patterson, Mark McEvoy, Lesley K MacDonald-Wicks
Diabetes affects 9.8% of Australian women. Breakfast cereal consumption is potentially protective against diabetes. This study investigated the effects of breakfast cereal consumption on the 12-year risk of developing diabetes among mid-aged participants of the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women's Health (ALSWH). It was hypothesized that any breakfast cereal and higher-fiber breakfast cereals would be protective against the risk of developing diabetes. Data from Survey 3 (S3) to Survey 7 (S7) inclusive, from the 1946-51 ALSWH cohort were analyzed...
March 2018: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672181/pilates-physical-activity-and-diet-survey-an-italian-self-administered-questionnaire-evaluating-diet-habits-of-gym-goers-validation-process
#8
Vincenza Gianfredi, Daniele Nucci, Francesco Ceccarelli, Milena Villarini, Massimo Moretti
PILATES study aims are to assess the main characteristics related to food habits, diet behaviors, and nutrition knowledge and how and where gym-goers get information on dietary supplementation. We present evidence for the reliability, feasibility, and construct validity of the PILATES questionnaire. Cohen's kappa statistic (k) for dichotomous variables was used to assess the agreement between the two administrations (interrater agreement). The nutrient composition and energy of food were derived from the Food Composition Database for Epidemiological Studies in Italy (Banca Dati di Composizione degli Alimenti per Studi Epidemiologici in Italia - BDA)...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671180/dietary-patterns-and-prostate-cancer-risk-in-japanese-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study-jphc-study
#9
Sangah Shin, Eiko Saito, Norie Sawada, Junko Ishihara, Ribeka Takachi, Akiko Nanri, Taichi Shimazu, Taiki Yamaji, Motoki Iwasaki, Shizuka Sasazuki, Manami Inoue, Shoichiro Tsugane
PURPOSE: The development of prostate cancer may be impacted by environmental factors, including diet. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between dietary patterns and risk of prostate cancer in a large prospective cohort study among Japanese men. METHODS: A total of 43,469 men who participated in the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study were followed from 1995 to 1998 to the end of 2012, during which 1,156 cases of prostate cancer were newly identified...
April 18, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671119/potential-risks-of-dietary-exposure-to-chlorpyrifos-and-cypermethrin-from-their-use-in-fruit-vegetable-crops-and-beef-cattle-productions
#10
Daniela M Ferré, Arnoldo A M Quero, Antonio F Hernández, Valentina Hynes, Marcelo J Tornello, Carlos Lüders, Nora B M Gorla
The active ingredients (a.i.) used as pesticides vary across regions. Diet represents the main source of chronic exposure to these chemicals. The aim of this study was to look at the pesticides applied in fruit, vegetable, and beef cattle productions in Mendoza (Argentina), to identify those that were simultaneously used by the three production systems. Local individuals (n = 160), involved in these productions, were interviewed. Glyphosate was the a.i. most often used by fruit-vegetable producers, and ivermectin by beef cattle producers...
April 18, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670007/prevalence-of-self-reported-gluten-related-disorders-and-adherence-to-a-gluten-free-diet-in-salvadoran-adult-population
#11
Noé Ontiveros, Cecilia Ivonne Rodríguez-Bellegarrigue, Gerardo Galicia-Rodríguez, Marcela de Jesús Vergara-Jiménez, Elia María Zepeda-Gómez, Jesús Gilberto Arámburo-Galvez, Martina Hilda Gracia-Valenzuela, Francisco Cabrera-Chávez
Gluten-related disorders are not considered of relevance at public health level in Central America. The prevalence of gluten-related disorders, and adherence to a gluten-free diet, remain unknown in the Central American region. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of the Central American population from San Salvador, El Salvador, to estimate the prevalence rates of self-reported gluten-related disorders and adherence to a gluten-free diet. 1326 individuals were surveyed. Self-reported prevalence rates were (95% Confidence Interval): gluten sensitivity 3...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669539/cross-sectional-associations-between-weight-related-health-behaviors-and-weight-misperception-among-u-s-adolescents-with-overweight-obesity
#12
Samantha L Hahn, Kelley A Borton, Kendrin R Sonneville
BACKGROUND: Weight misperception occurs when there is a discrepancy between one's actual and perceived weight status. Among adolescents with overweight/obesity, many believe that correcting weight misperception is imperative to inspire weight-related behavior change. However, past research has shown that adolescents with overweight/obesity who misperceive their weight status gain less weight over time compared to accurate perceivers. Therefore, our objective was to examine possible mechanisms underlying this relationship...
April 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669534/long-term-effects-of-comprehensive-school-health-on-health-related-knowledge-attitudes-self-efficacy-health-behaviours-and-weight-status-of-adolescents
#13
Nicole Naadu Ofosu, John Paul Ekwaru, Kerry Ann Bastian, Sarah A Loehr, Kate Storey, John C Spence, Paul J Veugelers
BACKGROUND: APPLE Schools is a Comprehensive School Health (CSH) project, started in schools in socioeconomically disadvantaged areas where dietary habits are poor, physical activity (PA) levels are low, and obesity rates are high. Earlier research showed program effects whereby energy intake, PA and weight status of students in APPLE Schools had reached similar levels as that of students in other schools. However, it is unknown whether the effects of CSH are sustained when children grow into adolescents...
April 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668705/age-at-natural-menopause-and-associated-factors-in-adult-women-findings-from-the-china-kadoorie-biobank-study-in-zhejiang-rural-area
#14
Meng Wang, Wei-Wei Gong, Ru-Ying Hu, Hao Wang, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Jun Lv, Zheng-Ming Chen, Li-Ming Li, Min Yu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the factors associated with age at natural menopause in a large population of Chinese adult women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was part of the baseline survey of China Kadoorie Biobank in Zhejiang Province. A total of 17,076 postmenopausal women were included in the present study. Relevant data of socio-demographic, lifestyle, dietary and reproductive characteristics were collected. Multinomial logistic regression models were used to examine the associated factors of age at natural menopause with adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were reported...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668067/social-inequality-in-cancer-survivors-health-behaviours-a-danish-population-based-study
#15
K Friis, F B Larsen, C V Nielsen, A-M H Momsen, C M Stapelfeldt
The aim of this study was to compare health behaviours (smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity and diet), to explore social inequality in these behaviours among cancer survivors and individuals with no history of cancer, respectively, and to study the impact of time since diagnosis on cancer survivors' health behaviours. Data from the Danish National Health Survey from 2013 were linked with data from the Danish Cancer Registry to identify all cancer diagnoses among the respondents during the period 1945-2012...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667387/dietary-supplements-%C3%A2-consumer-assessment-based-on-questionnaire-survey
#16
Ewelina Wawryk-Gawda, Beata Budzyńska, Marta Lis-Sochacka, Patrycja Chylińska-Wrzos, Michał Zarobkiewicz, Barbara Jodłowska-Jędrych
INTRODUCTION: Dietary supplements (DS) are dietary products aiming only at diet complementation. Nevertheless, they are frequently used in treatment of various conditions since they are safer substitutes for medication. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to analyze the frequency of dietary supplements using by young people, their knowledge about the used substances, and the assessment of the effectiveness of DS by those who consumed these products. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted by the means of an anonymous questionnaire assessed the DS intake among subjects aged between 15 and 54...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663657/a-comparison-of-minimum-dietary-diversity-in-bangladesh-in-2011-and-2014
#17
Sarah Blackstone, Tina Sanghvi
Improving infant and young child feeding practices is critical for improving growth and reducing child mortality and morbidity. This paper aims to compare predictors of minimum dietary diversity, an important indicator of adequate complementary feeding practices, in Bangladesh in 2011 and 2014. The 2011 and 2014 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey were used to examine predictors of minimum dietary diversity among 6-23 months. An additional analysis was conducted for the 18-23-month group, because a significant increase in meeting minimum dietary diversity recommendations was seen in this age group only...
April 16, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661223/youth-s-social-network-structures-and-peer-influences-study-protocol-mymovez-project-phase-i
#18
Kirsten E Bevelander, Crystal R Smit, Thabo J van Woudenberg, Laura Buijs, William J Burk, Moniek Buijzen
BACKGROUND: Youth are an important target group for social network interventions, because they are particularly susceptible to the adaptation of healthy and unhealthy habits and behaviors of others. They are surrounded by 'social influence agents' (i.e., role models such as family, friends and peers) that co-determine their dietary intake and physical activity. However, there is a lack of systematic and comprehensive research on the implementation of a social network approach in health campaigns...
April 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661175/adherence-to-the-qatar-dietary-guidelines-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-gaps-determinants-and-association-with-cardiometabolic-risk-amongst-adults
#19
Mohammed Al Thani, Al Anoud Al Thani, Walaa Al-Chetachi, Badria Al Malki, Shamseldin A H Khalifa, Ahmad Haj Bakri, Nahla Hwalla, Farah Naja, Lara Nasreddine
BACKGROUND: The Qatar Dietary Guidelines (QDGs) were developed as part of the national strategy to prevent chronic diseases. This study aims at characterizing gaps between the QDGs and usual dietary and lifestyle patterns in Qatar, identifying demographic and socioeconomic determinants of adherence to the QDGs and investigating the association between adherence and cardiometabolic risk. METHODS: This study is based on the Qatar National STEPwise cross-sectional survey which was conducted on a nationally representative sample of Qatari adults, aged 18 to 64 years (n = 1109)...
April 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660942/the-role-of-the-gut-microbiota-in-the-metabolism-of-polyphenols-as-characterized-by-gnotobiotic-mice
#20
Giulio Maria Pasinetti, Risham Singh, Susan Westfall, Francis Herman, Jeremiah Faith, Lap Ho
A growing body of experimental data suggests that microbes in the gut influence behavior and can alter brain physiology and neurochemistry. Although promising, researchers are only starting to understand the potential of the gut microbiota for use in neurological disease. Recent evidence demonstrated that gastrointestinal activities are linked to mood disorders such as anxiety, depression, and most recently, cognitive functions in age-related neurodegenerative disorders. Studies from our group and others are uncovering new evidence suggesting that the gut microbiota plays a crucial role in the metabolism and bioavailability of certain dietary compounds and synthetic drugs...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
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