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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732058/the-role-of-a-fads1-polymorphism-in-the-association-of-fatty-acid-blood-levels-bmi-and-blood-pressure-in-young-children-analyses-based-on-path-models
#1
Maike Wolters, Carmen Dering, Alfonso Siani, Paola Russo, Jaakko Kaprio, Patrizia Risé, Luis A Moreno, Stefaan De Henauw, Kirsten Mehlig, Toomas Veidebaum, Denés Molnár, Michael Tornaritis, Licia Iacoviello, Yannis Pitsiladis, Claudio Galli, Ronja Foraita, Claudia Börnhorst
BACKGROUND: The recent obesity epidemic in children also showed an increase in the prevalence of hypertension. As blood pressure (BP) is associated with (long-chain) polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC PUFA), genetic variation in desaturase enzymes being involved in the synthesis of LC PUFA may be associated with BP. This study aimed to investigate the direct effects (independent of mediating variables) and indirect effects (mediated through intermediate variables) of a common variant in the FADS1 gene, rs174546, known to affect delta-5 desaturase (D5D) activity on PUFA level, body mass index (BMI) and BP...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731597/reliability-and-relative-validity-of-a-diet-index-score-for-adults-derived-from-a-self-reported-short-food-survey
#2
Gilly A Hendrie, Megan A Rebuli, Rebecca K Golley
AIM: Assess the reliability and relative validity of a diet index score for adults derived using a 38-item online survey. METHODS: The short food survey (SFS) measured 'usual' intake of seven food groups, three food choice indicators and variety; and was completed by 61 adults aged 19-50 years from Adelaide, Australia. A score was applied to assess compliance with the 2013 Australian Dietary Guidelines. Reliability of the survey was measured between two administrations one week apart; and validity by comparing the first administration to the average of three 24-hour dietary recalls...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731561/association-of-glycaemic-index-and-glycaemic-load-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-an-iranian-adult-population-isfahan-healthy-heart-program
#3
Noushin Mohammadifard, Marjan Mansourian, Firouzeh Sajjadi, Maryam Maghroun, Ali Pourmoghaddas, Narges Yazdekhasti, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
AIM: There is controversy around the clinical effects of the dietary glycaemic index (GI) and glycaemic load (GL) on cardiovascular diseases risk factors such as metabolic syndrome (MetS). So, the present study was performed to evaluate the relationship between GI or GL and metabolic syndrome in an Iranian adult population in 2007. METHODS: The study was based on data from a sub-sample of the Isfahan Healthy Heart Program (IHHP), collected across three cities in central Iran, in the year 2007...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731560/food-insecure-student-clients-of-a-university-based-food-bank-have-compromised-health-dietary-intake-and-academic-quality
#4
Jasmine Farahbakhsh, Mahitab Hanbazaza, Geoff D C Ball, Anna P Farmer, Katerina Maximova, Noreen D Willows
AIM: University and college students in wealthy countries may be vulnerable to financial food insecurity. If food insecure students have suboptimal health, their ability to learn and excel in their education could be compromised. This Canadian study examined the relationship of food security status to diet and self-perceived health and academic quality among students receiving emergency food hampers from the Campus Food Bank at University of Alberta. METHODS: A convenience sample of 58 students completed a survey...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731553/trends-in-fluid-consumption-and-beverage-choices-among-adults-reveal-preferences-for-ayran-and-black-tea-in-central-turkey
#5
Reyhan Nergiz-Unal, Emine Akal Yildiz, Gülhan Samur, H Tanju Besler, Neslisşah Rakicioğlu
AIM: Beverages are globally significant sources of water in the diet. There is a lack of knowledge about fluid intake from beverage and water consumption in Turkey. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine the type of drinks preferred at meals and snacks as well as the daily fluid, beverage and water intakes based on age and gender. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was administered to 3411 randomly chosen adult participants (n = 1522 male, n = 1919 female) representing the general profile of central Turkey...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728560/patient-oriented-education-and-medication-management-intervention-for-people-with-decompensated-cirrhosis-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Kelly L Hayward, Jennifer H Martin, W Neil Cottrell, Antara Karmakar, Leigh U Horsfall, Preya J Patel, David D Smith, Katharine M Irvine, Elizabeth E Powell, Patricia C Valery
BACKGROUND: People with decompensated cirrhosis require complex medical care and are often prescribed an intricate and frequently changing medication and lifestyle regimen. However, many patients mismanage their medications or have poor comprehension of their disease and self-management tasks. This can lead to harm, hospitalization, and death. METHODS/DESIGN: A patient-oriented education and medication management intervention has been developed for implementation at a tertiary hospital hepatology outpatient center in Queensland, Australia...
July 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727048/nutrient-composition-digestible-and-metabolizable-energy-content-and-prediction-of-energy-for-animal-protein-byproducts-in-finishing-pig-diets
#7
B J Kerr, R Jha, P E Urriola, G C Shurson
An industry survey and animal experiment were conducted to evaluate compositional variability and DE and ME content of animal protein byproducts and to generate equations to predict DE and ME content based on chemical analysis. For the 220 samples collected, the greatest concentration of CP was observed in blood meal (BM) and the least in meat and bone meal (MBM) and the greatest concentration of ether extract was in meat meal and the least in BM, with ash content greatest in MBM and least in BM, with Ca and P levels being 36...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724456/identifying-dietary-differences-between-scotland-and-england-a-rapid-review-of-the-literature
#8
Stephanie Chambers, Karen L Barton, Viviana Albani, Annie S Anderson, Wendy L Wrieden
OBJECTIVE: Rates of premature mortality have been higher in Scotland than in England since the 1970s. Given the known association of diet with chronic disease, the study objective was to identify and synthesise evidence on current and historical differences in food and nutrient intakes in Scotland and England. DESIGN: A rapid review of the peer-reviewed and grey literature was carried out. After an initial scoping search, Medline, CINAHL, Embase and Web of Science were searched...
July 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724424/the-traditional-lunch-pattern-is-inversely-correlated-with-body-mass-index-in-a-population-based-study-in-brazil
#9
Roberta de Oliveira Santos, Diva Aliete Dos Santos Vieira, Andreia Alexandra Machado Miranda, Regina Mara Fisberg, Dirce Maria Marchioni, Valéria Troncoso Baltar
BACKGROUND: The association of obesity and dietary patterns has been well documented in scientific literature; however, information on the impact of meal patterns on obesity is scarce. The objective of this study was to investigate the association of adherence to lunch patterns and body mass index (BMI) in a representative sample of individuals aged 20 years or older in Sao Paulo. METHODS: Data for 933 participants were retrieved from the Health Survey of São Paulo (ISA-Capital 2008), a cross-sectional population-based survey...
July 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724371/association-between-full-service-and-fast-food-restaurant-density-dietary-intake-and-overweight-obesity-among-adults-in-delhi-india
#10
Opal Patel, Safraj Shahulhameed, Roopa Shivashankar, Mohammad Tayyab, Atiqur Rahman, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Nikhil Tandon, Lindsay M Jaacks
BACKGROUND: The food environment has been implicated as an underlying contributor to the global obesity epidemic. However, few studies have evaluated the relationship between the food environment, dietary intake, and overweight/obesity in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The aim of this study was to assess the association of full service and fast food restaurant density with dietary intake and overweight/obesity in Delhi, India. METHODS: Data are from a cross-sectional, population-based study conducted in Delhi...
July 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723954/association-between-urinary-biomarkers-of-total-sugars-intake-and-measures-of-obesity-in-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Rachel Campbell, Natasha Tasevska, Kim G Jackson, Virag Sagi-Kiss, Nick di Paolo, Jennifer S Mindell, Susan J Lister, Kay-Tee Khaw, Gunter G C Kuhnle
Obesity is an important modifiable risk factor for chronic diseases. While there is increasing focus on the role of dietary sugars, there remains a paucity of data establishing the association between sugar intake and obesity in the general public. The objective of this study was to investigate associations of estimated sugar intake with odds for obesity in a representative sample of English adults. We used data from 434 participants of the 2005 Health Survey of England. Biomarkers for total sugar intake were measured in 24 h urine samples and used to estimate intake...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721837/effects-of-progressive-resistance-training-combined-with-a-protein-enriched-lean-red-meat-diet-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-elderly-women-secondary-analysis-of-a-4-month-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Susan J Torres, Sian Robinson, Liliana Orellana, Stella L O'Connell, Carley A Grimes, Niamh L Mundell, David W Dunstan, Caryl A Nowson, Robin M Daly
Resistance training (RT) and increased dietary protein are recommended to attenuate age-related muscle loss in the elderly. This study examined the effect of a lean red meat protein-enriched diet combined with progressive resistance training (RT+Meat) on health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) in elderly women. In this 4-month cluster randomised controlled trial, 100 women aged 60-90 years (mean 73 years) from self-care retirement villages participated in RT twice a week and were allocated either 160 g/d (cooked) lean red meat consumed across 2 meals/d, 6 d/week or ≥1 serving/d (25-30 g) carbohydrates (control group, CRT)...
June 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720920/dietary-supplement-use-knowledge-and-perceptions-among-student-pharmacists
#13
David R Axon, Janka Vanova, Courtney Edel, Marion Slack
Objective. To compare dietary supplement use between student pharmacists and the general population, and assess knowledge, attitudes toward use, and dietary supplement effectiveness; and to explore how student pharmacists view their education on dietary supplements. Methods. Paper questionnaires administered to student pharmacists collected data about their use, knowledge, and attitudes of dietary supplements. Use was compared to the 2007 National Health Interview survey findings. Results. Of 179 students who responded, 52% had used at least one dietary supplement in their lifetime versus 25% in the general population...
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719282/travelers-diarrhea-and-other-gastrointestinal-symptoms-among-boston-area-international-travelers
#14
Rhett J Stoney, Pauline V Han, Elizabeth D Barnett, Mary E Wilson, Emily S Jentes, Christine M Benoit, William B MacLeod, Davidson H Hamer, Lin H Chen
AbstractThis prospective cohort study describes travelers' diarrhea (TD) and non-TD gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms among international travelers from the Boston area, the association of TD with traveler characteristics and dietary practices, use of prescribed antidiarrheal medications, and the impact of TD and non-TD GI symptoms on planned activities during and after travel. We included adults who received a pre-travel consultation at three Boston-area travel clinics and who completed a three-part survey: pre-travel, during travel, and post-travel (2-4 weeks after return)...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718824/associations-between-red-meat-intakes-and-the-micronutrient-intake-and-status-of-uk-females-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-uk-national-diet-and-nutrition-survey
#15
Emma Derbyshire
Blanket health messages to lower red meat intakes are being communicated at present. These could have adverse implications on the micronutrient quality of women's diets. The current paper evaluates the nutritional impact of lower red meat intakes on British women's micronutrient intakes and status. A secondary analysis of the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey was undertaken using data from years 2008/2009 to 2011/2012. This was comprised of dietary and blood analyte data from 1384 and 641 females aged 11 to 64 years...
July 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717805/relationship-between-diet-related-indicators-and-overweight-and-obesity-in-older-adults-in-rural-japan
#16
M Ishikawa, S Moriya, T Yokoyama
OBJECTIVES: To identify the relationship between diet-related indicators and overweight and obesity in older adults in rural Japan. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Obira, Hokkaido, Japan. PARTICIPANTS: Local residents aged between 65 and 74 years, except for those with poor health, were included. INTERVENTION: A health- and diet-related questionnaire was applied to participants house-to-house by trained health professionals...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714422/household-availability-of-ultra-processed-foods-and-obesity-in-nineteen-european-countries
#17
Carlos Augusto Monteiro, Jean-Claude Moubarac, Renata Bertazzi Levy, Daniela Silva Canella, Maria Laura da Costa Louzada, Geoffrey Cannon
OBJECTIVE: To assess household availability of NOVA food groups in nineteen European countries and to analyse the association between availability of ultra-processed foods and prevalence of obesity. DESIGN: Ecological, cross-sectional study. SETTING: Europe. SUBJECTS: Estimates of ultra-processed foods calculated from national household budget surveys conducted between 1991 and 2008. Estimates of obesity prevalence obtained from national surveys undertaken near the budget survey time...
July 17, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712110/assessing-attitudes-and-actions-of-pediatric-dentists-toward-childhood-obesity-and-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#18
Robin Wright, Paul S Casamassimo
OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity is a major US health concern, and oral health professionals have opportunities to participate in an interprofessional effort to intervene owing to their access to young patients and their abilities in addressing obesity-related dietary habits like consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). This study determined attitudes, behaviors, future intentions, and perceived barriers of pediatric dentists regarding efforts to prevent childhood obesity and reduce children's consumption of SSBs...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712016/a-survey-of-pesticide-accumulation-in-a-specialist-feeder-the-koala-phascolarctos-cinereus
#19
Caroline Marschner, Damien P Higgins, Mark B Krockenberger
To maintain profitability in Australia's agricultural and urban landscapes pesticides are used throughout the range of koala habitats. The koala is a specialist feeder, reliant on metabolic enzyme capacities to utilise a toxic diet of eucalypt leaves and is potentially prone to adverse effects when xenobiotic interactions between dietary and anthropogenic xenobiotics occur. The aim of this study was to investigate accumulation of frequently used pesticides in wild koalas in 4 areas of New South Wales and Queensland...
July 15, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711465/factors-that-predict-consumer-acceptance-of-enriched-processed-meats
#20
Liran C Shan, Maeve Henchion, Aoife De Brún, Celine Murrin, Patrick G Wall, Frank J Monahan
The study aimed to understand predictors of consumers' purchase intention towards processed meat based functional foods (i.e. enriched processed meat). A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 486 processed meat consumers in spring 2016. Results showed that processed meats were perceived differently in healthiness, with sausage-type products perceived less healthy than cured meat products. Consumers were in general more uncertain than positive about enriched processed meat but differences existed in terms of the attitudes and purchase intention...
July 8, 2017: Meat Science
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