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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633872/frozen-yogurt-and-ice-cream-were-less-healthy-than-yogurt-and-adding-toppings-reduced-their-nutrition-value-evidence-from-1999-2014-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#1
Ruopeng An, Ning Jiang
It was hypothesized that frozen yogurt and ice cream would be less healthy than yogurt. We examined daily energy and nutrient intake from yogurt, frozen yogurt, and ice cream among US adults. In-person 24-hour dietary recall data (n=6453) came from the 1999-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Regression analyses were performed to examine the differences in energy/nutrient intake from frozen yogurt and ice cream (with/without toppings) in comparison to yogurt. Approximately 5.3%, 0.9%, and 14...
June 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630807/an-overview-of-food-patterns-and-diet-quality-in-qatar-findings-from-the-national-household-income-expenditure-survey
#2
Mohammed Al-Thani, Al-Anoud Al-Thani, Nasser Al-Mahdi, Hefzi Al-Kareem, Darine Barakat, Walaa Al-Chetachi, Afaf Tawfik, Hammad Akram
INTRODUCTION: Availability of accurate data pertaining to a population's dietary patterns and associated health outcomes is critical for proper development and implementation of related policies. This article is a first attempt to share the food patterns, amounts and diet quality among households (HH) in Qatar. METHODS: Data from the 2012-2013 Qatar National Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) was used. This cross-sectional survey included 3723 HH (1826 Qatari HH and 1897 non-Qatari HH)...
May 15, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629471/improving-child-nutrition-and-development-through-community-based-childcare-centres-in-malawi-the-neep-ie-study-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Aulo Gelli, Amy Margolies, Marco Santacroce, Katie Sproule, Sophie Theis, Natalie Roschnik, Aisha Twalibu, George Chidalengwa, Amrik Cooper, Tyler Moorhead, Melissa Gladstone, Patricia Kariger, Mangani Kutundu
BACKGROUND: The Nutrition Embedded Evaluation Programme Impact Evaluation (NEEP-IE) study is a cluster randomised controlled trial designed to evaluate the impact of a childcare centre-based integrated nutritional and agricultural intervention on the diets, nutrition and development of young children in Malawi. The intervention includes activities to improve nutritious food production and training/behaviour-change communication to improve food intake, care and hygiene practices. This paper presents the rationale and study design for this randomised control trial...
June 19, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629146/emerging-disparities-in-dietary-sodium-intake-from-snacking-in-the-us-population
#4
Elizabeth K Dunford, Jennifer M Poti, Barry M Popkin
BACKGROUND: The US population consumes dietary sodium well in excess of recommended levels. It is unknown how the contribution of snack foods to sodium intake has changed over time, and whether disparities exist within specific subgroups of the US population. OBJECTIVE: To examine short and long term trends in the contribution of snack food sources to dietary sodium intake for US adults and children over a 37-year period from 1977 to 2014. METHODS: We used data collected from eight nationally representative surveys of food intake in 50,052 US children aged 2-18 years, and 73,179 adults aged 19+ years between 1977 and 2014...
June 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628680/current-perspectives-among-u-s-dermatologists-on-chemoprevention-of-nonmelanoma-skin-cancer-a-survey-based-study
#5
Brittany Oliver, Serena Durrani, Joel L Cohen, Adam J Friedman
<p>Introduction: Nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is the most common malignancy in the US Primary prevention of NMSC with physical photoprotective measures are often not sufficient to impact skin cancer incidence in high-risk individuals. Chemoprevention is the use of agents to prevent, suppress, and reverse carcinogenic progression. Many agents have been investigated, but preclinical and clinical studies are often inconsistent.</p> <p>Methods: A cross-sectional study was designed to assess current practices, perceptions, and general knowledge of U...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628054/personal-and-workplace-environmental-factors-associated-with-reduced-worker-productivity-among-older-workers-with-chronic-knee-pain-a-cross-sectional-survey
#6
Maria Agaliotis, Martin G Mackey, Robert Heard, Stephen Jan, Marlene Fransen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore personal and workplace environmental factors as predictors of reduced worker productivity among older workers with chronic knee pain. METHODS: A questionnaire-based survey was conducted among 129 older workers who had participated in a randomized clinical trial evaluating dietary supplements. Multivariable analyses were used to explore predictors of reduced work productivity among older workers with chronic knee pain...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625855/children-s-purchase-behavior-in-the-snack-market-can-branding-or-lower-prices-motivate-healthier-choices
#7
Monika Hartmann, Sean B Cash, Ching-Hua Yeh, Stefanie C Landwehr, Anna R McAlister
BACKGROUND: Children's dietary-related diseases and their associated costs have expanded dramatically in many countries, making children's food choice a policy issue of increasing relevance. As children spend a considerable amount of money on energy-dense, nutrient-poor (EDNP) products, a better understanding of the main drivers of children's independent food purchase decisions is crucial to move this behavior toward healthier options. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to investigate the role of branding and price in motivating children to choose healthier snack options...
June 15, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625422/online-version-of-the-self-administered-food-frequency-questionnaire-for-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study-for-the-next-generation-jphc-next-protocol-relative-validity-usability-and-comparison-with-a-printed-questionnaire
#8
Erika Kato, Ribeka Takachi, Junko Ishihara, Yuri Ishii, Shizuka Sasazuki, Norie Sawada, Motoki Iwasaki, Yurie Shinozawa, Jun Umezawa, Junta Tanaka, Yuta Yokoyama, Kaori Kitamura, Kazutoshi Nakamura, Shoichiro Tsugane
BACKGROUND: Online dietary assessment tools offer advantages over printed questionnaires, such as the automatic and direct data storage of answers, and have the potential to become valuable research methods. We developed an online survey system (web-FFQ) for the existing printed FFQ used in the JPHC-NEXT protocol, the platform of a large-scale genetic cohort study. Here, we examined the validity of ranking individuals according to dietary intake using this web-FFQ and its usability compared with the printed questionnaire (print-FFQ) for combined usage...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625322/effect-of-b-vitamins-from-diet-on-hypertension
#9
Ruru Liu, Baibing Mi, Yaling Zhao, Qiang Li, Hong Yan, Shaonong Dang
BACKGROUND: In western populations, a higher level of dietary B vitamins intake has been associated with a lower risk of hypertension. However, data in Chinese is limited, whose B vitamins consumption is low and rates of hypertension are high. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate whether the three B vitamins are associated with hypertension in rural Chinese. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey among 2241 rural Chinese aged 18-80 years was conducted in northwestern China in 2010...
February 2017: Archives of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625223/ultra-processed-foods-and-added-sugars-in-the-chilean-diet-2010
#10
Gustavo Cediel, Marcela Reyes, Maria Laura da Costa Louzada, Euridice Martinez Steele, Carlos A Monteiro, Camila Corvalán, Ricardo Uauy
OBJECTIVE: To assess the consumption of ultra-processed foods and analyse its association with the content of added sugars in the Chilean diet. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of national dietary data obtained through 24 h recalls and classified into food groups according to the extent and purpose of food processing (NOVA classification). SETTING: Chile. SUBJECTS: A probabilistic sample of 4920 individuals (aged 2 years or above) studied in 2010 by a national dietary survey (Encuesta Nacional de Consumo Alimentario)...
June 19, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625107/associations-between-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-25-oh-d-and-psychological-distress-among-inuit-in-canada
#11
Hans-Ragnar Skogli, Dominique Geoffroy, Hope A Weiler, Grethe S Tell, Laurence J Kirmayer, Grace M Egeland
BACKGROUND: Inuit in Canada have experienced dietary changes over recent generations, but how this relates to psychological distress has not been investigated. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how nutritional biomarkers are related to psychological distress. DESIGN: A total of 36 communities in northern Canada participated in the International Polar Year Inuit Health Survey (2007-2008). Of 2796 households, 1901 (68%) participated; 1699 Inuit adults gave blood samples for biomarker analysis and answered the Kessler 6-item psychological distress questionnaire (K6)...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624259/body-talk-weight-status-and-pathological-eating-behavior-in-romantic-relationships
#12
Ellen Hart, Chong Man Chow, Cin Cin Tan
This study examined whether engagement in body talk would interact with weight status (body mass index; BMI) to predict pathological eating behaviors among romantically involved adults. Adults (N = 137, females = 86.86%, average age = 23.50) involved in a romantic relationship were recruited to complete an online survey about their body image, dietary behaviors, and engagement in body talk. Results indicated that engagement in negative body talk was directly related to higher pathological eating (i.e...
June 14, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623056/the-prevalence-and-risk-factor-control-associated-with-noncommunicable-diseases-in-china-japan-and-korea
#13
Defu Ma, Hiromichi Sakai, Chihiro Wakabayashi, Jong-Sook Kwon, Yoonna Lee, Shuo Liu, Qiaoqin Wan, Kumiko Sasao, Kanade Ito, Ken Nishihara, Peiyu Wang
BACKGROUND: Noncommunicable disease (NCD) has become the leading cause of mortality and disease burden worldwide. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out to investigate the prevalence of NCDs and risk factor control on dietary behaviors and dietary intake in China, Japan, and Korea. RESULTS: There were significant differences among the three countries on the prevalence of hypertension (24.5% in China, 17.6% in Korea, and 15.2% in Japan), diabetes (8...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621721/perceived-health-and-nutrition-concerns-as-predictors-of-dietary-patterns-among-polish-females-aged-13-21-years-gebahealth-project
#14
Marzena Jezewska-Zychowicz, Lidia Wadolowska, Joanna Kowalkowska, Marta Lonnie, Jolanta Czarnocinska, Ewa Babicz-Zielinska
Health-related concerns can often be factors influencing health-related behaviours. It remains unclear whether a high level of concerns is associated with pro-healthy or unhealthy dietary behaviours and whether any associations between nutrition-related concerns and dietary behaviours exist in a population of girls and young women. The aim of the study was to investigate the associations between perceived health and nutrition concerns and dietary patterns in a representative sample of Polish young females. Data was collected in 2012 through a cross-sectional quantitative survey within the GEBaHealth (Girls Eating Behaviours and Health) project in a group of 1107 Polish girls aged 13-21 years old...
June 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621720/know-your-noodles-assessing-variations-in-sodium-content-of-instant-noodles-across-countries
#15
Clare Farrand, Karen Charlton, Michelle Crino, Joseph Santos, Rodrigo Rodriguez-Fernandez, Cliona Ni Mhurchu, Jacqui Webster
Reducing salt intake is a cost-effective public health intervention to reduce the global burden of non-communicable disease (NCDs). Ultra-processed foods contribute ~80% of dietary salt in high income countries, and are becoming prominent in low-middle income countries. Instant noodle consumption is particularly high in the Asia Pacific region. The aim of this study was to compare the sodium content of instant noodles sold worldwide to identify potential for reformulation. Analysis was undertaken for 765 instant noodle products from 10 countries using packaged food composition databases of ultra-processed foods compiled by the Global Food Monitoring Group (GFMG) and national shop survey data...
June 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619406/physical-activity-sleep-and-bmi-percentile-in-rural-and-urban-ugandan-youth
#16
Mary J Christoph, Diana S Grigsby-Toussaint, Rhona Baingana, James M Ntambi
BACKGROUND: Uganda is experiencing a dual burden of over- and undernutrition, with overweight prevalence increasing while underweight remains common. Potential weight-related factors, particularly physical activity, sleep, and rural/urban status, are not currently well understood or commonly assessed in Ugandan youth. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to pilot test a survey measuring weight-related factors in rural and urban Ugandan schoolchildren. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey measured sociodemographics, physical activity, sleep patterns, and dietary factors in 148 rural and urban schoolchildren aged 11-16 in central Uganda...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618837/fish-and-meat-are-often-withheld-from-the-diets-of-infants-6-to-12-months-in-fish-farming-households-in-rural-bangladesh
#17
Andrew L Thorne-Lyman, Natalie Valpiani, Rumana Akter, Md Abdul Baten, Sven Genschick, Manjurul Karim, Shakuntala H Thilsted
BACKGROUND: Fish is a widely available animal-source food in Bangladesh and a rich source of nutrients, yet little is known about practices related to incorporating fish into the diets of infants and young children. OBJECTIVE: Use dietary diversity data to explore consumption patterns of fish and high-quality food items within the household and examine factors associated with delayed introduction of fish to infants and young children. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of 496 households with children <36 months participating in the Aquaculture for Income and Nutrition project in Bangladesh...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617662/telomere-length-and-accelerated-biological-aging-in-the-china-suboptimal-health-cohort-a-case-control-study
#18
Mohamed Ali Alzain, Collins Otieno Asweto, Jie Zhang, Honghong Fang, Zhongyao Zhao, Xiuhua Guo, Manshu Song, Yong Zhou, Naibai Chang, Youxin Wang, Wei Wang
Suboptimal health status (SHS) has been linked to cardiovascular risk factors, psychosocial stress, and unhealthy lifestyle. These factors also contribute to the shortening of telomere length (TL). A case-control study was conducted to examine the association between subjective health measures of SHS from the behavior perspective and also objective measures of TL at molecular level. SHS (cases = 294) was matched by age, sex, and body mass index with ideal health (controls = 294) using a propensity score matching method...
June 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617328/the-long-term-consumption-of-oats-in-celiac-disease-patients-is-safe-a-large-cross-sectional-study
#19
Katri Aaltonen, Pilvi Laurikka, Heini Huhtala, Markku Mäki, Katri Kaukinen, Kalle Kurppa
A strict gluten-free diet (GFD) can be diversified by non-contaminated oats, but there is a shortage of long-term studies concerning its safety. We compared long-term treatment outcomes and factors associated with the introduction of oats between celiac patients on a GFD with or without oats. Eight hundred sixty-nine previously diagnosed celiac patients were interviewed. The validated Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS), Psychological General Well-Being (PGWB), and Short-Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) questionnaires were used to assess symptoms and quality of life, serological tests were performed, and results of histology were confirmed from patient records...
June 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615374/a-cross-sectional-survey-in-rural-bihar-india-indicates-that-nutritional-status-diet-and-stimulation-are-associated-with-motor-and-mental-development-in-young-children
#20
Leila M Larson, Melissa F Young, Usha Ramakrishnan, Amy Webb Girard, Pankaj Verma, Indrajit Chaudhuri, Sridhar Srikantiah, Reynaldo Martorell
Background: Many malnourished children in resource-poor settings fail to fulfill their developmental potential.Objectives: The objectives of this analysis were to examine the nutritional, psychosocial, environmental, and household correlates of child development in Bihar, India, and identify mediators between dietary diversity and mental development.Methods: Using 2-stage cluster randomized sampling, we surveyed 4360 households with children 6-18 mo of age in the West Champaran district of Bihar. We measured motor and mental development with the use of the Developmental Milestones Checklist II...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
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