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Growing rod

Ismail Aykut Kocyigit, Z Deniz Olgun, H Gokhan Demirkiran, Mehmet Ayvaz, Muharrem Yazici
BACKGROUND: The growing rod remains an effective option in the treatment of early-onset scoliosis, and has previously been likened to an internal brace. While details of growing-rod treatment have been largely agreed on, the appropriate end point remains a matter of controversy. A decision was made in 2004, at the beginning of growing-rod treatment at our institution, to remove longitudinal instrumentation when the period of lengthening concluded and, similar to discontinuing a brace, leave the spine free...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Dhiraj Kumar Chaudhary, Jaisoo Kim
A novel strain, DKC-1T, was isolated from reclaimed grassland soil and was characterized taxonomically by a polyphasic approach. Strain DKC-1T was a Gram-staining-negative, light-yellow-coloured and rod shaped bacterium, motile with polar flagellum. It was able to grow at 20-37 °C, at pH 4.5-9.0 and with 0-3 % (w/v) NaCl concentration. Based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain DKC-1T formed a clade within the members of the genus Dyella and showed highest sequence similarities to Dyella japonica XD53T (98...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Shaoxing Chen, Yao Xu, Chen Zheng, Li-Xia Ke
Gram-negative, spiral or curved rod-shaped cells of a bacterial strain, designated ZC80T, were isolated from a rock salt sample collected at Yunnan salt mine, China. Analysis of the strain's 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed a clear affiliation of this novel strain within the family Rhodospirillaceae. Strain ZC80T formed a robust cluster with Pelagibius litoralis CL-UU02T at a 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity level of 88.1 %. Strain ZC80T shared no more than 91.0 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with the type strains of other species in the family Rhodospirillaceae...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Hitarth B Bhatt, M Azmatunnisa Begum, Sasikala Chintalapati, Venkata Ramana Chintalapati, Satya P Singh
Two Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped and endospore-forming bacteria that represent a single species, designated strains KJ1-10-99T and KJ1-10-93, were isolated from a saline desert of Little Rann of Kutch, Gujarat, India. Analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that the isolates belonged to the family Bacillaceae and were closely related to each other with 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 99.9 %. However, these two isolates formed a novel phylogenetic branch within this family. Both strains were aerobic, catalase and oxidase positive, and could grow optimally at 37 °C and pH 9...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Jae-Chan Lee, Kyung-Sook Whang
A strain representing a rapidly growing, Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, rod-shaped, non-motile, non-sporulating and non-pigmented species of the genus Mycobacterium, designated strain S-I-6T, was isolated from groundwater at Daejeon in Korea. The strain grew at temperatures between 10 and 37 °C (optimal growth at 25 °C), between pH 4.0 and 9.0 (optimal growth at pH 7.0) and at salinities of 0-5 % (w/v) NaCl, growing optimally with 2 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analyses based on multilocus sequence analysis of the 16S rRNAgene, hsp65, rpoB and the 16S-23S internal transcribed spacer indicated that strain S-I-6T belonged to the rapidly growing mycobacteria, being most closely related to Mycobacterium sphagni...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
In-Tae Cha, Eui-Sang Cho, Yesol Yoo, Yoon Ji Seok, Inhye Park, Hee Seon Lim, Jung-Min Park, Seong Woon Roh, Young-Do Nam, Hak-Jong Choi, Yoo Kyung Lee, Myung-Ji Seo
A Gram-positive, endospore-forming, strictly aerobic and rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain MME2_R6T, was isolated from Arctic soil, and it was identified by using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. This strain was psychrotolerant, growing at 4‒24 °C. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain MME2_R6T was closest to Paenibacillus swuensis DY6T, with 93.9 % similarity. However, in phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence, strain MME2_R6T showed that it clustered with Paenibacillus contaminans CKOBP-6T and the sequencing similarity between the two species was 93...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Yu Chieh Tseng, Jun Neng Roan, Ying Chiang Ho, Chih Chan Lin, Ming Long Yeh
Currently, commercial synthetic vascular grafts made from Dacron and ePTFE for small-diameter, vascular applications (<6 mm) show limited reendothelization and are less compliant, often resulting in thrombosis and intimal hyperplasia. Although good blood compatibility can be achieved in autologous arteries and veins, the number of high quality harvest sites is limited, and the grafts are size-mismatched for use in the fistula or cardiovascular bypass surgery; thus, alternative small graft substitutes must be developed...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Shih-Yao Lin, Asif Hameed, Cheng-Zhe Wen, Yi-Han Hsu, You-Cheng Liu, Wei-An Lai, Chiu-Chung Young
A polyphasic approach was used to characterize an aerobic, Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium (designated strain CC-KL-3T) isolated from a hot spring. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA genes indicated that strain CC-KL-3T showed highest sequence similarity to Hydrogenophaga bisanensis (97.7 %) and Hydrogenophaga atypica (97.6 %) and lower sequence similarity to other species (less than 97.6 %). The levels of DNA-DNA relatedness between strain CC-KL-3T, H. bisanensis and H. atypica were estimated to be 13...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Zhen-Zhen Lü, Yang Li, Yao Zhou, Heng-Lin Cui, Zheng-Rong Li
Halophilic archaeal strain ZS-54-S2T was isolated from Zhoushan marine solar saltern, China. Cells were rod-shaped, Gram-stain-negative and formed red-pigmented colonies on an agar plate. Strain ZS-54-S2T was able to grow at 20-50 °C (optimum 35 °C), at 1.7-4.8 M NaCl (optimum 3.9 M), at 0.005-1.0 M MgCl2 (optimum 0.05 M) and at pH 5.0-9.5 (optimum pH 7.0). The cells lysed in distilled water and the minimal NaCl concentration to prevent cell lysis was found to be 5 % (w/v). The major polar lipids of the strain were phosphatidic acid, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester, two glycolipids, which were chromatographically identical to sulfated galactosyl mannosyl galactofuranosyl glucosyl diether and galactosyl mannosyl glucosyl diether, and an unidentified glycolipid, which was chromatographically identical to one detected in Halobacterium salinarum ATCC 33171T...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Yan Li, Ling-Li Zhang, Lan Liu, Yong-Qiang Tian, Xiao-Feng Liu, Wen-Jun Li, Yu-Mei Dai
A psychrotolerant chitinolytic bacterium, designated NC1253T, was isolated from Zoige wetland on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. This strain was a Gram-stain-positive, spore-forming and rod-shaped anaerobe. NC1253T grew at 4-35 °C, at pH 6.0-8.5 and could grow on chitin as the only carbon resource. Phylogenetic analysis, based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence, showed that strain NC1253T represented a novel bacterial genus within the family Ruminococcaceae. Strain NC1253T has less than 91.0 % similarity with other type strains, such as Harryflintia acetispora V20-281aT (90...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Ivone Vaz-Moreira, Carlos Narciso-da-Rocha, Ana Rita Lopes, Gilda Carvalho, Alexandre Lobo-da-Cunha, William B Whitman, Cindy Snauwaert, Peter Vandamme, Célia M Manaia, Olga C Nunes
Strain EPL6T, a Gram-negative, motile, short rod was isolated from a propanil and 3,4-dichloroaniline enrichment culture produced from rice paddy soil. Based on the analyses of the 16S rRNA gene sequence, strain EPL6T was observed to be a member of the family Comamonadaceae, sharing the highest pairwise identity with type strains of the species Alicycliphilus denitrificans K601T (96.8 %) and Melaminivora alkalimesophila CY1T (96.8 %). Strain EPL6T was able to grow in a temperature range of 15-37 °C, pH 6-9 and in the presence of up to 4 % (w/v) NaCl and tested positive for catalase and oxidase reactions...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Cong Sun, Chen Wu, Yue Su, Rui-Jun Wang, Ge-Yi Fu, Zhe Zhao, Xiao-Yun Yu, Meng-Meng Huang, Bing-Nan Han, Zheng-Bing Lv, Min Wu
A Gram-staining-negative, aerobic, non-spore-forming, coccoid to rod shaped bacteria with prosthecate and flagellum, designated as HSF6T, was isolated from deep seawater samples collected from the South China Sea at depth of 2.5 km and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic investigation. Colonies of strain HSF6T were 1-2 mm in diameter, smooth, circular, convex and yellow. Strain HSF6T was found to grow at 15-37 °C (optimum, 25-35 °C), pH 5.0-9.5 (optimum, pH 7.0-7.5) and with 0-8 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2 %)...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Alaa N Alsharief, Ron El-Hawary, Pierre Schmit
Many orthopedic articles describe advances in surgical techniques and implants used in pediatric scoliosis surgery. However, even though postoperative spine imaging constitutes a large portion of outpatient musculoskeletal pediatric radiology, few, if any, radiology articles discuss this topic. There has been interval advancement over the last decades of the orthopedic procedures used in the treatment of spinal scoliosis in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis. The goal of treatment in these patients is to stop the progression of the curve by blocking the spinal growth and correcting the deformity as much as possible...
September 8, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
Cihan Aslan, Z Deniz Olgun, Erkan Sabri Ertas, Seniz Ozusta, Gokhan Demirkiran, Fatih Unal, Muharrem Yazici
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE: Assess the psychosocial status of children with early-onset scoliosis (EOS) undergoing multiple procedures and evaluate associations with other variables. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: EOS may require repetitive surgical procedures to control deformity and preserve growth. These procedures impact patients' psychosocial status because of the repetitive surgeries. METHODS: EOS patients 6-18 years, undergoing traditional growing rod treatment with more than 5 surgical procedures, and neurologically/mentally intact were included...
September 2017: Spine Deformity
Li Ma, Jia-Qin Xi, Yong-Hong Cao, Xiao-Yan Wang, Shuai-Chao Zheng, Cheng-Gang Yang, Ling-Ling Yang, Qi-Li Mi, Xue-Mei Li, Ming-Liang Zhu, Ming-He Mo
A Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped, motile bacterium, designated as 1404T, was isolated from leaves of Chinese red pepper (Huajiao) (Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim) collected from Gansu, north-west China. Spores were not observed under a range of conditions. Strain 1404T was observed to grow at 15-45 °C and pH 6.0-10.0 and in presence of 0-5 % (w/v) NaCl concentration. The cell wall of strain 1404T was found to contain meso-diaminopimelic acid, and the predominant respiratory quinone was identified as MK-7...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Abdoulaye Thioye, Zouhaier Ben Ali Gam, Malick Mbengue, Jean-Luc Cayol, Manon Joseph-Bartoli, Coumba Touré-Kane, Marc Labat
Several strains of sulfate-reducing bacteria were isolated from marine sediments recovered from Hann Bay (Senegal). All were related to members of the genus Desulfovibrio. A strictly anaerobic, mesophilic and moderately halophilic strain designated BLaC1T was further characterized. Cells of strain BLaC1T stained Gram-negative and were 0.5 µm wide and 2-4 µm long, motile, rod-shaped and non-spore-forming. The four major fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0...
September 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Hai-Liang Wang, Jian Zhang, Li Sun
A novel bacterial strain S36T was isolated from the deep-sea sediment collected from Pacmanus hydrothermal field, Manus Basin. The strain was Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, rod-shaped, endospore-forming, and motile. It was able to grow at 16-50 °C, pH 6.0-10.0, and in the presence of 0-11 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that strain S36T was a member of genus Bacillus and shares the highest sequence identity with Bacillus herbersteinensis D-1,5aT (97.0 %). The value of DNA-DNA hybridization between strain S36T and B...
September 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Galina B Slobodkina, Anna-Louise Reysenbach, Tatyana V Kolganova, Andrei A Novikov, Elizaveta A Bonch-Osmolovskaya, Alexander I Slobodkin
An extremely thermophilic, anaerobic, chemolithoautotrophic bacterium (strain ST65T) was isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent chimney located on the Eastern Lau Spreading Centre in the south-western Pacific Ocean, at a depth of 1870 m. Cells of strain ST65T were non-motile straight or slightly curved short rods, 0.5-0.6 µm in diameter and 0.8-1.5 µm in length. The temperature range for growth was 47-75 °C, with an optimum at 65 °C. The pH range for growth was 5.5-7.5, with an optimum at pH 6...
September 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Jingjing Li, Junfeng Liu, Yulong Shen, Jinfeng Ni
A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, strictly aerobic bacterium designated BW11-2T was isolated from marine sediment of the south-west Indian Ocean. Cells of BW11-2T were rod-shaped, endospore-forming, 0.3-0.5 µm wide, 1.8-2.0 µm long, catalase-positive and oxidase-negative. The isolate was capable of growing at 15-45 °C (optimum 30 °C), pH 5-9 (optimum 7) and with 0.5-10 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 3 %). Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, BW11-2T was shown to belong to the family Bacillaceae within the phylum Firmicutes and formed a distinct lineage, showing the highest sequence similarities to closely related genera: Bacillus(93...
September 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Andrea S Gantner, Lena Braunschweig, Konstantinos Tsaknakis, Heiko M Lorenz, Anna K Hell
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: In several studies, vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rib (VEPTR) implants have shown good scoliosis control in children with the longest reported follow-up (f/u) of 3.6 years. For growing rods, recent studies suggest a decreased efficiency of correction starting just after that time. To our knowledge, no long-term results of children with VEPTR treatment are available. PURPOSE: To evaluate spinal deformity in scoliotic children and to investigate correction potential of VEPTR implants at several time points of treatment, particularly after long-term f/u...
August 22, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
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