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Growing rod

X Sun, L Xu, Z H Chen, X Chen, C Z Du, S Li, Z Liu, B P Qian, B Wang, Z Z Zhu, Y Qiu
Objective: To evaluate the correction result of traditional dual growing rods on apical vertebral rotation. Methods: This study recruited 19 early-onset scoliosis patients (6 boys and 13 girls) who had received traditional dual growing rods treatment at Department of Spine Surgery, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from January 2009 to July 2015. The age at initial surgery was (5.7±1.7)years(range, 3 to 9 years). Measurements of primary curve magnitude, height of T(1)-S(1), apical vertebral translation(AVR), apical vertebral body-rib ratio, apical vertebral rotation, thoracic rotation and rib hump were compared between pre-operatively, post-operatively, and at latest follow-up, through a paired- t test...
March 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Shivangi M Inamdar, Colten K Lankford, Joseph G Laird, Gulnara Novbatova, Nicole Tatro, S Scott Whitmore, Todd E Scheetz, Sheila A Baker
The 14-3-3 family of proteins has undergone considerable expansion in higher eukaryotes with humans and mice expressing seven isoforms (β, ε, η, γ, θ, ζ, and σ) from seven distinct genes (YWHAB, YWAHE, YWHAH, YWHAG, YWHAQ, YWHAZ, and SFN). Growing evidence indicates that while highly conserved, these isoforms are not entirely functionally redundant as they exhibit unique tissue expression profiles, subcellular localization, and biochemical functions. A key limitation in our understanding of 14-3-3 biology lies in our limited knowledge of cell-type specific 14-3-3 expression...
February 24, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
Miao-Chun Fan, Yan-Qing Guo, Li-Ping Zhang, Ya-Min Zhu, Wei-Min Chen, Yan-Bing Lin, Ge-Hong Wei
A novel endophytic bacterium, designated strain HZ10T , was isolated from root nodules of Robinia pseudoacacia growing in a lead-zinc mine in Mianxian County, Shaanxi Province, China. The bacterium was Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, motile, slightly curved- and rod-shaped, methyl red-negative, catalase-positive, and did not produce H2S. Strain HZ10T grew at 4-45 °C (optimum, 25-30 °C), pH 5-9 (optimum, pH 7-8) and 0-1 % (w/v) NaCl. The major fatty acids were identified as C16 : 0, summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c) and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c), and the quinone type was Q-8...
February 27, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Yan Liu, Min Yu, Xiao-Hua Zhang
A Gram-stain-positive, endospore-forming, rod-shaped, motile and strictly aerobic strain, designated T3-209T , was isolated from sediment sampled at a water depth of 1206 m of the southern Okinawa Trough at station T1 (25.07° N, 122.58° E) near the Tangyin hydrothermal vent during an expedition on the R/V Kexue in May 2014. The strain was able to grow at a temperature range of 10-42 °C (optimum 28 °C). Growth was observed at NaCl concentrations (w/v) of 0-6 % (optimum 0 %). The pH range for growth was 7...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Qing Liu, Yu-Hua Xin, Xiu-Ling Chen, Hong-Can Liu, Yu-Guang Zhou, Wen-Xin Chen
A psychrophilic, Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain Hh31T , was isolated from Xinjiang No. 1 Glacier in China. Strain Hh31T was catalase-positive, oxidase-negative and able to grow at between 0-18 °C. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain Hh31T belonged to the genus Cryobacterium and was most closely related to the type strains of Cryobacterium levicorallinum, Cryobacterium luteum and Cryobacterium flavum. DNA-DNA hybridization, calculation of average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization revealed that strain Hh31T was distinct from its closest phylogenetic neighbours...
February 20, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Nanako Amano, Ayaka Yamamuro, Morio Miyahara, Atsushi Kouzuma, Takashi Abe, Kazuya Watanabe
Abacterial strain, designated MMFC1T , was isolated from a methanol-fed microbial fuel cell that had been inoculated with sludge obtained from a wastewater-treatmentfacility in a chemical plant. The strain grows by fermenting methanol to produce acetate under anaerobic conditions, while homoacetogenic growth is not observed. MMFC1T also grows on pyruvate and lactate but not on sugars and other organic acids. Cells are curved rods and motile, have peritrichous flagella, and form endospores. The genome sequence of strain MMFC1T supports the physiological data...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Javier Pascual, Bärbel U Foesel, Alicia Geppert, Katharina J Huber, Christian Boedeker, Manja Luckner, Gerhard Wanner, Jörg Overmann
A novel slow-growing bacterium, designated strain AW1220T , was isolated from agricultural floodplain soil sampled at Mashare (Kavango region, Namibia) by using a high-throughput cultivation approach. Strain AW1220T was characterized as a Gram-negative, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterium. Occasionally, some cells attained an unusual length of up to 35 µm. The strain showed positive responses for catalase and cytochrome-c oxidase and divided by binary fission and/or budding. The strain had an aerobic chemoorganoheterotrophic metabolism and was also able to grow under micro-oxic conditions...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
E N Frolov, K S Zayulina, D S Kopitsyn, I V Kublanov, E A Bonch-Osmolovskaya, N A Chernyh
An anaerobic sulfate-reducing micro-organism, strain 3408-1T , was isolated from a terrestrial hot spring in Kamchatka peninsula (Russia). The cells were spore-forming rods with a Gram-positive type of cell wall. The new isolate was a moderately thermoacidophilic anaerobe able to grow either by sulfate or thiosulfate respiration with H2 or formate as substrates, or by fermenting yeast extract, maltose, sucrose, glucose and pyruvate. The fermentation products were acetate, CO2 and H2. The pH range for growth was 2...
January 25, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Milagros León-Barrios, Martha Helena Ramírez-Bahena, José M Igual, Álvaro Peix, Encarna Velázquez
A Gram-negative rod, designated strain LLAN61T , was isolated from a root nodule of Lotus lancerottensis growing in a saline soil sample from Lanzarote (Canary Islands). The strain grew optimally at 0.5 % (w/v) NaCl and tolerated up to 3.5 %. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain LLAN61T belonged to genus Phyllobacterium and that Phyllobacterium leguminum ORS 1419T and Phyllobacterium myrsinacearum IAM 13584T are the closest related species with 97.93 and 97.86% similarity values, respectively...
February 13, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Dhiraj Kumar Chaudhary, Jaisoo Kim
A yellow-coloured, Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, aerobic and rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain Ktm-2T , was isolated from oil-contaminated soil. Strain Ktm-2T was able to grow at 15 to 40 °C, pH 4.5-10.0 and 0-2 % (w/v) NaCl concentration. This strain was taxonomically characterized by a polyphasic approach. Based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain Ktm-2T represented a member of the genus Chitinophaga and shared highest sequence similarity with Chitinophaga barathri YLT18T (98.1 %), Chitinophaga cymbidii R156-2T (96...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Xiaoguang Ouyang, Shing Yip Lee, Rod M Connolly, Martin J Kainz
Coastal wetlands are increasingly recognised for their pivotal role in mitigating the growing threats from cyclones (including hurricanes) in a changing climate. There is, however, insufficient information about the economic value of coastal wetlands for cyclone mitigation, particularly at regional scales. Analysis of data from 1990-2012 shows that the variation of cyclone frequencies is related to EI Niño strength in the Pacific Ocean adjacent to Australia, but not China. Among the cyclones hitting the two countries, there are significant relationships between the ratio of total economic damage to gross domestic production (TD/GDP) and wetland area within cyclone swaths in Australia, and wetland area plus minimum cyclone pressure despite a weak relationship in China...
February 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
McKenna C Eastment, R Scott McClelland
: Bacterial vaginosis, characterized by the replacement of the Lactobacillus-dominant microbiota with anaerobic bacteria and facultative Gram-negative rods, has been associated with adverse reproductive health outcomes including HIV acquisition. With the advent of newer molecular techniques, the vaginal microbiota can be investigated in more detail and the association with HIV examined more thoroughly. This review examines recent evidence suggesting that vaginal dysbiosis with increased microbial diversity, specific vaginal bacterial communities, and the presence and concentrations of some individual bacterial species, may increase HIV susceptibility...
February 8, 2018: AIDS
Lotfi Miladi, Mathilde Gaume, Nejib Khouri, Michael Johnson, Vicken Topouchian, Christophe Glorion
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review. OBJECTIVES: To report the results of an alternative technique using a minimally invasive fusionless surgery. The originality is based on the progressive correction of the deformities with proximal and distal fixation and on the reliability of the pelvic fixation using ilio-sacral screws on osteoporotic bones. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spinal deformities are common in neuromuscular diseases. Conventional treatment involves bracing, followed by spinal instrumented fusion...
February 6, 2018: Spine
Bruno Senghor, Hubert Bassène, Saber Khelaifia, Catherine Robert, Pierre-Edouard Fournier, Raymond Ruimy, Cheikh Sokhna, Didier Raoult, Jean-Christophe Lagier
A Gram-positive, moderately halophilic bacterium, referred to as strain Marseille-P3518T, was isolated from a stool sample with 2% NaCl concentration from a healthy 15-year-old male living in Dielmo, a village in Senegal. Cells are aerobic, rod-shaped and motile and display endospore formation. Strain Marseille-P3518T can grow in a medium with 0-20% (w/v) sodium chloride (optimally at 5-7.5% w/v). The major fatty acids were 12-methyl-tetradecanoic acid (45.8%), 13-methyl-tetradecanoic acid (26.9%) and 12-methyl-tridecanoic acid (12...
February 7, 2018: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
Hailey Allen, Kirkland W Davis, Kenneth Noonan, Yoshimi Endo, Jie C Nguyen
Fractures are common in children with some requiring surgical reduction and fixation to maintain anatomical alignment. Although various surgical techniques and principles are shared between children and adults, certain unique considerations in children can influence the surgical approach and device selection. In particular, for skeletally immature children, it is of utmost importance to protect certain critical open growth plates because permanent injury can produce severe growth disturbances. The often robust healing response and potential limited patient compliance can also influence the treatment algorithm and decision making...
February 2018: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
Ce Zhu, Shishu Huang, Chunguang Zhou, Xi Yang, Lei Wang, Tingxian Ling, Limin Liu, Yueming Song
RATIONALE: Situs inversus totalis is a rare anomaly disease in which the organs in the chest and abdomen are positioned in a mirror image reversal of normal positions. Although this has been confirmed to be associated with spinal abnormalities, reports about situs inversus totalis with congenital scoliosis remain limited. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present a 9-year-old girl having congenital scoliosis associated with situs inversus totalis. DIAGNOSES: She also had other associated anomalies: ventricular septal defect, mild restrictive ventilatory dysfunction, hydronephrosis, and syringomyelia...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ditte Heering Holt, Morten Hulvej Rod, Susanne Boch Waldorff, Tine Tjørnhøj-Thomsen
BACKGROUND: For more than 30 years policy action across sectors has been celebrated as a necessary and viable way to affect the social factors impacting on health. In particular intersectoral action on the social determinants of health is considered necessary to address social inequalities in health. However, despite growing support for intersectoral policymaking, implementation remains a challenge. Critics argue that public health has remained naïve about the policy process and a better understanding is needed...
January 30, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Sepideh Zununi Vahed, Haleh Forouhandeh, Vahideh Tarhriz, Nader Chaparzadeh, Mohammad Amin Hejazi, Che Ok Jeon, Mohammad Saeid Hejazi, Yunho Lee
A novel moderately halophilic, Gram-stain negative and aerobic bacterium, designated strain TBZ21T, was isolated from a water sample of Urmia Lake, Iran. Cells were observed to be non-motile rods with no flagellum, showing positive catalase and oxidase reactions. Strain TBZ21T was found to grow at 10-40 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH 7-10 (optimum, pH 8) and in the presence of 1-22% (optimum, 10%). The major fatty acids were identified as C19:0 cyclo ω8c, C16:0, Summed features 3 (C13:0 3-OH and/or iso-C15:1 H) and 8 (C18:1 ω7c and/or C18:1 ω6c) and C12:0 3-OH...
January 29, 2018: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
Waqar Khan, Fasihullah Khan, Hafiz Muhammad Salman Ajmal, Noor Ul Huda, Ji Hyun Kim, Sam-Dong Kim
In this study, the ambient condition for the as-coated seed layer (SL) annealing at 350 °C is varied from air or nitrogen to vacuum to examine the evolution of structural and optical properties of ZnO nanorods (NRs). The NR crystals of high surface density (~240 rods/μm²) and aspect ratio (~20.3) show greatly enhanced (002) degree of orientation and crystalline quality, when grown on the SLs annealed in vacuum, compared to those annealed in air or nitrogen ambient. This is due to the vacuum-annealed SL crystals of a highly preferred orientation toward (002) and large grain sizes...
January 26, 2018: Nanomaterials
Huseyin Canaz, Ibrahim Alatas, Gokhan Canaz, Gurkan Gumussuyu, Mehmet Akif Cacan, Ayten Saracoglu, Bekir Yavuz Ucar
INTRODUCTION: Scoliosis, kyphosis, and sacral agenesis (SA) are common spine deformities in myelomeningocele (MMC) patients. Surgery of spine deformities in MMC patients is associated with various difficulties as infection, pathological skin breakage, instrumentation failure, and neurological deterioration. The purposes of this study are to share our clinical experience and discuss different surgical techniques which are defined in the literature. PATIENTS AND METHOD: We retrospectively evaluated our database of patients with MMC who underwent surgical procedures for spine deformities from 2014 to 2016...
January 25, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
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