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Mwangala P Akamandisa, Rita Nahta, Robert C Castellino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Oncoscience
Qi Zhang, Cuiping Zhang, Fangzhi Chang, Kun Liang, Xiaoyan Yin, Xiaoyu Li, Kun Zhao, Qinghui Niu, Zibin Tian
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD), is a chronically intestinal autoimmune disease, the pathological mechanisms of which are not very clear. Wild type p-53 induced phosphatase 1 (Wip1), a serine/threonine protein phosphatase, has been reported to negatively regulate the inflammation in sepsis. However, the role of Wip1 in IBD is not very clear. Therefore, colonic tissues and peripheral blood from patients with IBD and healthy controls were collected to analyzed mRNA and protein expression of Wip1 using the method of qPCR and immunohistochemistry...
July 25, 2016: Cellular Immunology
Zhi-Yong He, Wen-Yue Wang, Wei-Yan Hu, Lu Yang, Yan Li, Wei-Yuan Zhang, Ya-Shu Yang, Si-Cheng Liu, Feng-Lan Zhang, Rong Mei, Da Xing, Zhi-Cheng Xiao, Ming Zhang
The PP2C family member Wild-type p53-induced phosphatase 1 (Wip1) critically regulates DNA damage response (DDR) under stressful situations. In the present study, we investigated whether Wip1 expression was involved in the regulation of DDR-induced and depression-related cellular senescence in mouse hippocampus. We found that Wip1 gene knockout (KO) mice showed aberrant elevation of hippocampal cellular senescence and of γ-H2AX activity, which is known as a biomarker of DDR and cellular senescence, indicating that the lack of Wip1-mediated γ-H2AX dephosphorylation facilitates cellular senescence in hippocampus...
September 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
Katarzyna Jonak, Monika Kurpas, Katarzyna Szoltysek, Patryk Janus, Agata Abramowicz, Krzysztof Puszynski
BACKGROUND: Ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) is a detector of double-strand breaks (DSBs) and a crucial component of the DNA damage response (DDR) along with p53 and NF- κB transcription factors and Wip1 phosphatase. Despite the recent advances in studying the DDR, the mechanisms of cell fate determination after DNA damage induction is still poorly understood. RESULTS: To investigate the importance of various DDR elements with particular emphasis on Wip1, we developed a novel mathematical model of ATM/p53/NF- κB pathways...
August 15, 2016: BMC Systems Biology
Gülsah Pekgöz Altunkaya, Francesca Malvezzi, Zuzana Demianova, Tomasz Zimniak, Gabriele Litos, Florian Weissmann, Karl Mechtler, Franz Herzog, Stefan Westermann
Partitioning of the genome requires kinetochores, large protein complexes that mediate dynamic attachment of chromosomes to the spindle. Kinetochores contain two supramolecular protein assemblies. The ten-protein KMN network harbors key microtubule-binding sites in the Ndc80 complex and mediates assembly of checkpoint complexes via the KNL-1/Spc105 protein [1, 2]. As KMN does not contact DNA directly, it relies on different centromere-binding proteins for recruitment and cell-cycle-dependent assembly. These proteins are collectively referred to as the CCAN (constitutive centromere-associated network) [2-4]...
September 12, 2016: Current Biology: CB
Doria Filipponi, Julius Muller, Alexander Emelyanov, Dmitry V Bulavin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2016: Cancer Cell
Haibin Zhong, Ling Cui, Fan Xu, Lifei Chen, Li Jiang, Hui Huang, Jiping Xu, Xin Zhao, Li Li, Siming Zeng, Min Li
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the expression and possible roles of Wip1 in retinal astrocytes after optic nerve crush (ONC). METHODS: Expressions of Wip1, GFAP, and p-p65 in ONC model were analyzed by Western blot and immunofluorescence. The mRNA expressions of the pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-8, TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β) were analyzed by RT-PCR. RESULTS: Wip1 was up-regulated at 14 days after ONC by Western blot and immunofluorescence. The changes of Wip1 were striking in astrocytes...
September 2016: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
Anusha Sriraman, Marija Radovanovic, Magdalena Wienken, Zeynab Najafova, Yizhu Li, Matthias Dobbelstein
Targeting the Mdm2 oncoprotein by drugs has the potential of re-establishing p53 function and tumor suppression. However, Mdm2-antagonizing drug candidates, e. g. Nutlin-3a, often fail to abolish cancer cell growth sustainably. To overcome these limitations, we inhibited Mdm2 and simultaneously a second negative regulator of p53, the phosphatase Wip1/PPM1D. When combining Nutlin-3a with the Wip1 inhibitor GSK2830371 in the treatment of p53-proficient but not p53-deficient cells, we observed enhanced phosphorylation (Ser 15) and acetylation (Lys 382) of p53, increased expression of p53 target gene products, and synergistic inhibition of cell proliferation...
May 31, 2016: Oncotarget
Zhi-Yong He, Wei-Yan Hu, Ming Zhang, Zara Zhuyun Yang, Hong-Mei Zhu, Da Xing, Quan-Hong Ma, Zhi-Cheng Xiao
Synaptic plasticity is an important mechanism that underlies learning and cognition. Protein phosphorylation by kinases and dephosphorylation by phosphatases play critical roles in the activity-dependent alteration of synaptic plasticity. In this study, we report that Wip1, a protein phosphatase, is essential for long-term potentiation (LTP) and long-term depression (LTD) processes. Wip1-deletion suppresses LTP and enhances LTD in the hippocampus CA1 area. Wip1 deficiency-induced aberrant elevation of CaMKII T286/287 and T305 phosphorylation underlies these dysfunctions...
May 3, 2016: Cell Adhesion & Migration
Sheng Yin, Pan Wang, Lina Yang, Yang Liu, Yan Wang, Mingming Liu, Zihao Qi, Jiao Meng, Ting-Yan Shi, Gong Yang, Rongyu Zang
Inactivation of p53 greatly contributes to serous ovarian cancer, while the role of the wild-type p53 induced phosphatase 1 (Wip1) is quite unclear. In this study, by silencing or overexpression of Wip1, we found that Wip1 suppressed ovarian cancer cell invasion, migration, epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), and ovarian cancer metastasis in xenograft animal models. Mechanistic studies showed that Wip1 may block ovarian cancer metastasis through inhibition of Snail and p-Akt expression because silencing or overexpression of Wip1 either upregulated or downregulated the expression of Snail and p-Akt (Ser 473), while further knockdown of Snail by shRNA or inhibition of p-Akt by a chemical compound attenuated cell invasion, migration and EMT in Wip1 silencing cells...
May 17, 2016: Oncotarget
J Wen, J Lee, A Malhotra, R Nahta, A R Arnold, M C Buss, B D Brown, C Maier, A M Kenney, M Remke, V Ramaswamy, M D Taylor, R C Castellino
High-level amplification of the protein phosphatase PPM1D (WIP1) is present in a subset of medulloblastomas (MBs) that have an expression profile consistent with active Sonic Hedgehog (SHH) signaling. We found that WIP1 overexpression increased expression of Shh target genes and cell proliferation in response to Shh stimulation in NIH3T3 and cerebellar granule neuron precursor cells in a p53-independent manner. Thus, we developed a mouse in which WIP1 is expressed in the developing brain under control of the Neurod2 promoter (ND2:WIP1)...
April 18, 2016: Oncogene
V Clausse, A R Goloudina, B Uyanik, E Y Kochetkova, S Richaud, O A Fedorova, A Hammann, M Bardou, N A Barlev, C Garrido, O N Demidov
Inactivation of p53 found in more than half of human cancers is often associated with increased tumor resistance to anti-cancer therapy. We have previously shown that overexpression of the phosphatase Wip1 in p53-negative tumors sensitizes them to chemotherapeutic agents, while protecting normal tissues from the side effects of anti-cancer treatment. In this study, we decided to search for kinases that prevent Wip1-mediated sensitization of cancer cells, thereby interfering with efficacy of genotoxic anti-cancer drugs...
2016: Cell Death & Disease
Min Zhao, Hongbin Zhang, Guiyun Zhu, Jian Liang, Ning Chen, Yonghui Yang, Xiangcun Liang, Hongmei Cai, Wei Liu
Wild-type p53-induced phosphatase 1 (Wip1), also termed PPM1D, is a member of the protein phosphatase 2C family, which is characterized by distinctive oncogenic properties. Overexpression of Wip1 is observed in certain types of human tumors that are associated with significantly poor prognosis. The present study aimed to detect the expression of Wip1 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and to analyze its prognostic value in such patients. The protein expression level of Wip1 was compared between NSCLC and normal lung tissue specimens using by immunohistochemistry, and it was found that Wip1 was highly expressed in NSCLCs but was absent or weakly expressed in normal lung tissues...
April 2016: Oncology Letters
Xuelian Hu, Peng Wang, Junfeng Du, Fan Yang, Yuan Tian, Xiaofei Shen, Tao Yang, Lianfeng Zhang, Yong Zhao
Wild-type p53-induced phosphatase 1 (Wip1) is currently believed to be a promising drug target for cancer therapy. Our recent studies showed that deletion of Wip1 remarkably promoted neutrophil inflammatory response. Whether Wip1 is involved in the regulation of inflammatory bowel disease is unknown. In the present study, we found that Wip1 knockout (KO) mice were more susceptible to colitis induced by dextran sulphate sodium (DSS) than wild-type mice as substantiated by the lower mouse survival ratio, rapid bodyweight loss, increased disease activity index, shorter colon length, and more severe pathology of colons in Wip1KO mice...
June 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Beata Hat, Marek Kochańczyk, Marta N Bogdał, Tomasz Lipniacki
The p53 transcription factor is a regulator of key cellular processes including DNA repair, cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis. In this theoretical study, we investigate how the complex circuitry of the p53 network allows for stochastic yet unambiguous cell fate decision-making. The proposed Markov chain model consists of the regulatory core and two subordinated bistable modules responsible for cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. The regulatory core is controlled by two negative feedback loops (regulated by Mdm2 and Wip1) responsible for oscillations, and two antagonistic positive feedback loops (regulated by phosphatases Wip1 and PTEN) responsible for bistability...
February 2016: PLoS Computational Biology
Anastasia R Goloudina, Elena Y Kochetkova, Tatyana V Pospelova, Oleg N Demidov
Cells undergoing oncogenic transformation frequently inactivate tumor suppressor pathways that could prevent their uncontrolled growth. Among those pathways p53 and p38MAPK pathways play a critical role in regulation of cell cycle, senescence and cell death in response to activation of oncogenes, stress and DNA damage. Consequently, these two pathways are important in determining the sensitivity of tumor cells to anti-cancer treatment. Wild type p53-induced phosphatase, Wip1, is involved in governance of both pathways...
May 24, 2016: Oncotarget
Sona Pechackova, Kamila Burdova, Jan Benada, Petra Kleiblova, Gabriela Jenikova, Libor Macurek
PP2C family serine/threonine phosphatase WIP1 acts as a negative regulator of the tumor suppressor p53 and is implicated in silencing of cellular responses to genotoxic stress. Chromosomal locus 17q23 carrying the PPM1D (coding for WIP1) is commonly amplified in breast carcinomas and WIP1 was proposed as potential pharmacological target. Here we employed a cellular model with knocked out PPM1D to validate the specificity and efficiency of GSK2830371, novel small molecule inhibitor of WIP1. We have found that GSK2830371 increased activation of the DNA damage response pathway to a comparable level as the loss of PPM1D...
March 22, 2016: Oncotarget
Arman Esfandiari, Thomas A Hawthorne, Sirintra Nakjang, John Lunec
Sensitivity to MDM2 inhibitors is widely different among responsive TP53 wild-type cell lines and tumors. Understanding the determinants of MDM2 inhibitor sensitivity is pertinent for their optimal clinical application. Wild-type p53-inducible phosphatase-1 (WIP1) encoded by PPM1D, is activated, gained/amplified in a range of TP53 wild-type malignancies, and is involved in p53 stress response homeostasis. We investigated cellular growth/proliferation of TP53 wild-type and matched mutant/null cell line pairs, differing in PPM1D genetic status, in response to Nutlin-3/RG7388 ± a highly selective WIP1 inhibitor, GSK2830371...
March 2016: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Naoto Tatewaki, Tetsuya Konishi, Yuki Nakajima, Miyako Nishida, Masafumi Saito, Takahiro Eitsuka, Toshiyuki Sakamaki, Nobuo Ikekawa, Hiroshi Nishida
Ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) kinase plays a crucial role as a master controller in the cellular DNA damage response. Inhibition of ATM leads to inhibition of the checkpoint signaling pathway. Hence, addition of checkpoint inhibitors to anticancer therapies may be an effective targeting strategy. A recent study reported that Wip1, a protein phosphatase, de-phosphorylates serine 1981 of ATM during the DNA damage response. Squalene has been proposed to complement anticancer therapies such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy; however, there is little mechanistic information supporting this idea...
2016: PloS One
P Gao, S Liu, Q L Zhu, F S Luan
In this study, molecular markers were designed based on the sex determination genes ACS7 (A) and WIP1 (G) and the domain in the Fusarium oxysporum-resistant gene Fom-2 (F) in order to achieve selection of F. oxysporum-resistant gynoecious melon plants. Markers of A and F are cleaved amplified polymorphic sequences that distinguish alleles according to restriction analysis. Twenty F1 and 1863 F2 plants derived from the crosses between the gynoecious line WI998 and the Fusarium wilt-resistant line MR-1 were genotyped based on the markers...
2015: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
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