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Sanjaya Kumar Sahu, Manish Kumar, Sohini Chakraborty, Srijon Kaushik Banerjee, Ranjeet Kumar, Pushpa Gupta, Kuladip Jana, Umesh D Gupta, Zhumur Ghosh, Manikuntala Kundu, Joyoti Basu
For efficient clearance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), macrophages tilt towards M1 polarization leading to the activation of transcription factors associated with the production of antibacterial effector molecules such as nitric oxide (NO) and proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin 1 β (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α). At the same time, resolution of inflammation is associated with M2 polarization with increased production of arginase and cytokines such as IL-10. The transcriptional and post-transcriptional mechanisms that govern the balance between M1 and M2 polarization, and bacteria-containing processes such as autophagy and trafficking of Mtb to lysosomes, are incompletely understood...
May 2017: PLoS Pathogens
Joanna E Mikulska
Human epithelial, endothelial and PMA-differentiated THP-1 cell lines were used as model systems to study the transcriptional regulation of the human FCGRT gene encoding the alpha chain of hFcRn. The data obtained from site-directed mutagenesis in transient transfection experiments indicate that the Sp1 sites at positions -641, -635, and -313, CF1/YY1 elements at positions -586 and -357, and the AP-1 motif at -276 within the-660/-233 fragment of the human FCGRT promoter (hFCGRT) participate in the regulation of human FCGRT in all selected cell lines...
2015: PloS One
Anna Bellizzi, Martyn K White, Hassen S Wollebo
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is caused by the accumulation of misfolded or unfolded proteins in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum. CCAAT/enhancer binding proteins are one of the cellular proteins whose expression is upregulated during ER stress. Previously, we have identified C/EBPbeta isoforms, especially LIP, as a negative regulator of polyomavirus JC (JCV), the causative agent of the demyelinating disease progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). Here, we show that the induction of ER stress by thapsigargin increase the expression of endogenous LIP and the degradation of JCV T-antigen in a JCV-transgenic mouse tumor cell line...
2015: Cell Cycle
Sarah M Judge, Chia-Ling Wu, Adam W Beharry, Brandon M Roberts, Leonardo F Ferreira, Susan C Kandarian, Andrew R Judge
BACKGROUND: Evidence from cachectic cancer patients and animal models of cancer cachexia supports the involvement of Forkhead box O (FoxO) transcription factors in driving cancer-induced skeletal muscle wasting. However, the genome-wide gene networks and associated biological processes regulated by FoxO during cancer cachexia are unknown. We hypothesize that FoxO is a central upstream regulator of diverse gene networks in skeletal muscle during cancer that may act coordinately to promote the wasting phenotype...
2014: BMC Cancer
Muhammad Faisal, Durdana Waseem, Humaira Ismatullah, Malik Mumtaz Taqi
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) both in coding and non-coding regions govern gene functions prompting differential vulnerability to diseases, heterogeneous response to pharmaceutical regimes and environmental anomalies. These genetic variations, SNPs, may alter an individual׳s susceptibility for alcohol dependence by remodeling DNA-protein interaction patterns in prodynorphin (PDYN) and the κ-opioid receptor (OPRK1) genes. In order to elaborate the underlying molecular mechanism behind these susceptibility differences we used bioinformatics tools to retrieve differential DNA-protein interactions at PDYN and OPRK1 SNPs significantly associated with alcohol dependence...
October 2014: Computers in Biology and Medicine
Anne Dueck, Alexander Eichner, Michael Sixt, Gunter Meister
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small RNAs that play important regulatory roles in many cellular pathways. MiRNAs associate with members of the Argonaute protein family and bind to partially complementary sequences on mRNAs and induce translational repression or mRNA decay. Using deep sequencing and Northern blotting, we characterized miRNA expression in wild type and miR-155-deficient dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages. Analysis of different stimuli (LPS, LDL, eLDL, oxLDL) reveals a direct influence of miR-155 on the expression levels of other miRNAs...
February 14, 2014: FEBS Letters
Janus Schou Jakobsen, Johannes Waage, Nicolas Rapin, Hanne Cathrine Bisgaard, Fin Stolze Larsen, Bo Torben Porse
Dynamic shifts in transcription factor binding are central to the regulation of biological processes by allowing rapid changes in gene transcription. However, very few genome-wide studies have examined how transcription factor occupancy is coordinated temporally in vivo in higher animals. Here, we quantified the genome-wide binding patterns of two key hepatocyte transcription factors, CEBPA and CEBPB (also known as C/EBPalpha and C/EBPbeta), at multiple time points during the highly dynamic process of liver regeneration elicited by partial hepatectomy in mouse...
April 2013: Genome Research
Maria Abreu, Linda Sealy
Descriptions of various processes that lead to cell-in-cell structures have been reported for decades. The exact molecular mechanism(s) of their formation and the physiological significance of cell-in-cell structures remain poorly understood. We had previously shown that an isoform of the CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein beta (C/EBPbeta) transcription factor, liver-enriched inhibitory protein (LIP), induces cell death in human breast cancer cells and stimulates autophagy. Here we describe a non-apoptotic cell death process where LIP mediates the engulfment of neighboring cells...
2012: PloS One
Hee-Jung Yun, Jeong-Hwan Kim, Hyun-Young Jeong, Hyang-Hwa Ji, Soo-Wan Nam, Eun Woo Lee, Byung-Woo Kim, Hyun-Ju Kwon
Adipocyte differentiation is strongly associated with obesity, which causes metabolic disorders. In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effects of widdrol on 3T3- L1 preadipocyte growth and differentiation. Widdrol decreased lipid droplet accumulation and down-regulated adipogenic transcription factors such as C/EBPalpha, C/EBPbeta, and PPARgamma. Widdrol blocked preadipocyte proliferation and differentiation through the inhibition of mitotic clonal expansion, which was accompanied by the failure of degradation of p21, a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor...
June 2012: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Manuel Díaz-Rubio García
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) functions as an incretin hormone with antidiabetogenic properties. However the role of GLP-1 in human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), if any, remains unknown. The effects of GLP-lin hMSCs were tested with regard to cell proliferation, cytoprotection, and cell differentiation into adipocytes. The signalling pathways involved in these processes were also analyzed. Cells were characterized by biochemical and morphological approaches before and after being induce to differentiate into adipocytes...
2010: Anales de la Real Academia Nacional de Medicina
Rodrigo Grandy, Hugo Sepulveda, Rodrigo Aguilar, Philippe Pihan, Berta Henriquez, Juan Olate, Martin Montecino
The Ric-8 gene encodes a guanine exchange factor (GEF) that modulates G protein-mediated signaling, exhibiting a relevant role during regulation of cell division. In mammals, two Ric-8 homologues have been reported (Ric-8A and Ric-8B), and recent studies indicate equivalent roles for each protein. Here, we show that the Ric-8B gene is negatively regulated during osteoblast differentiation by the transcription factor C/EBPβ. Only the larger C/EBPβ isoform (C/EBPβ-LAP*) downregulates Ric-8B gene promoter activity in osteoblastic cells...
July 2011: Molecular and Cellular Biology
Ramy R Attia, Pragya Sharma, Rachel C Janssen, Jacob E Friedman, Xiong Deng, Jae Seung Lee, Marshall B Elam, George A Cook, Edwards A Park
The conversion of pyruvate to acetyl-CoA in mitochondria is catalyzed by the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC). Activity of PDC is inhibited by phosphorylation via the pyruvate dehydrogenase kinases (PDKs). Here, we examined the regulation of Pdk4 gene expression by the CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein β (C/EBPβ). C/EBPβ modulates the expression of multiple hepatic genes including those involved in metabolism, development, and inflammation. We found that C/EBPβ induced Pdk4 gene expression and decreased PDC activity...
July 8, 2011: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Cyril Ramathal, Wei Wang, Elizabeth Hunt, Indrani C Bagchi, Milan K Bagchi
During implantation, the uterine stromal cells undergo terminal differentiation into decidual cells, which support the proper progression of maternal-embryo interactions to successful establishment of pregnancy. The decidual cells synthesize extracellular matrix (ECM) components, such as laminins and collagens, which assemble into a unique basal lamina-like network that surrounds these cells. The functional significance of this matrix during implantation is unknown. We previously showed that the transcription factor CCAAT enhancer-binding protein β (C/EBPβ) critically regulates decidualization in the mouse...
June 3, 2011: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Julie Bergalet, Mohamad Fawal, Celine Lopez, Cecile Desjobert, Laurence Lamant, Georges Delsol, Dominique Morello, Estelle Espinos
The CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein β (C/EBPβ) plays a major role in the pathogenesis of anaplastic large cell lymphomas (ALCL) that express the nucleophosmin-anaplastic lymphoma kinase (NPM-ALK) tyrosine kinase (ALK(+)). Although ALK-mediated C/EBPβ transcriptional activation has been reported, C/EBPβ mRNA possesses U- and AU-rich domains in its 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) that might be privileged targets for posttranscriptional control in ALK(+) ALCLs. The purpose of this study was to explore this possibility...
April 2011: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
Jeffery D Molkentin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 4, 2011: Circulation Research
Gaëlle Saint-Auret, Jean-Louis Danan, Martine Hiron, Céline Blache, Eric Sulpice, Simon Tendil, Maryvonne Daveau, Xavier Gidrol, Jean-Philippe Salier
BACKGROUND & AIMS: C/EBPbeta is an important mediator of several cellular processes, such as differentiation, proliferation, and survival of hepatic cells. However, a complete catalog of the targets of C/EBPbeta or the mechanism by which this transcription factor regulates certain liver-dependent pathways has not been clearly determined. Two major natural isoforms of this transcription factor exist: the liver-enriched activating protein (LAP) and the liver-enriched inhibitory protein (LIP), a functional LAP antagonist...
June 2011: Journal of Hepatology
Orfeas Liangos, Sophie Domhan, Christian Schwager, Martin Zeier, Peter E Huber, Francesco Addabbo, Michael S Goligorsky, Lynn Hlatky, Bertrand L Jaber, Amir Abdollahi
BACKGROUND: Cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CS/CPB) is associated with increased risk for postoperative complications causing substantial morbidity and mortality. To identify the molecular mechanisms underlying CS/CPB-induced pathophysiology we employed an integrative systems biology approach using the whole blood transcriptome as the sentinel organ. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Total RNA was isolated and globin mRNA depleted from whole blood samples prospectively collected from 10 patients at time points prior (0), 2 and 24 hours following CS/CPB...
2010: PloS One
A A Atwood, L Sealy
Overexpression of Ras(V12) in MCF10A cells, an immortalized mammary epithelial cell line, leads to transformation of these cells. We demonstrate that this is accompanied by degradation of C/EBPbeta1. C/EBPbeta is a transcription factor in which three protein isoforms exist because of alternative translation at three in-frame methionines. When C/EBPbeta1 is expressed in MCF10A-Ras(V12) cells, immunoblot analysis reveals that C/EBPbeta1 is degraded in these cells. Treatment of MCF10A-Ras(V12)-C/EBPbeta1 cells with the cdk inhibitor roscovitine leads to stabilization of C/EBPbeta1...
November 11, 2010: Oncogene
Maria M Abreu, Linda Sealy
Autophagy is a process involving the bulk degradation of cellular components in the cytoplasm via the lysosomal degradation pathway. Autophagy manifests a protective role in stressful conditions such as nutrient or growth factor depletion; however, extensive degradation of regulatory molecules or organelles essential for survival can lead to the demise of the cell, or autophagy-mediated cell death. The role of autophagy in cancer is complex with roles in both tumor suppression and tumor promotion proposed. Here we report that an isoform of the C/EBPbeta transcription factor, liver-enriched inhibitory protein (LIP), induces cell death in human breast cancer cells and stimulates autophagy...
November 15, 2010: Experimental Cell Research
Xuanming Shi, Shuzhen Liu, Cornelia C Metges, Hans-Martin Seyfert
Acetyl-CoA carboxylase-alpha (ACC-alpha) is the rate-limiting enzyme for de novo fatty acid synthesis. Among the four promoters expressing the bovine gene, promoter IA (PIA) is dominantly active and nutritionally regulated in lipogenic tissues. CCAAT/enhancer binding proteins are crucially involved in regulating the activity of this promoter. We examine here, which member of this family of transcription factors is most important for promoter activation. To differentiate the individual contribution of different members of the C/EBP family transcription factors controlling the ACC-alpha gene expression in cattle, we established vectors expressing full length (FL) or N-terminally truncated (DeltaN) variants of the C/EBP factors (alpha, -beta, -delta, and -epsilon) in mammalian cells...
August 2010: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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