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Obesity, adolesce

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109414/snap-participation-and-diet-sensitive-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-adolescents
#1
Cindy W Leung, June M Tester, Eric B Rimm, Walter C Willett
INTRODUCTION: Previous research suggests participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is associated with poorer adult cardiometabolic health; the extent to which these associations extend to adolescents is unknown. Differences in diet quality, obesity, and cardiometabolic risk factors were examined among SNAP participants, income-eligible nonparticipants, and higher-income adolescents. METHODS: The study population comprised 4,450 adolescents ≤300% federal poverty level from the 2003-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106721/exercise-induced-oxidative-stress-responses-in-the-pediatric-population
#2
REVIEW
Alexandra Avloniti, Athanasios Chatzinikolaou, Chariklia K Deli, Dimitris Vlachopoulos, Luis Gracia-Marco, Diamanda Leontsini, Dimitrios Draganidis, Athanasios Z Jamurtas, George Mastorakos, Ioannis G Fatouros
Adults demonstrate an upregulation of their pro- and anti-oxidant mechanisms in response to acute exercise while systematic exercise training enhances their antioxidant capacity, thereby leading to a reduced generation of free radicals both at rest and in response to exercise stress. However, less information exists regarding oxidative stress responses and the underlying mechanisms in the pediatric population. Evidence suggests that exercise-induced redox perturbations may be valuable in order to monitor exercise-induced inflammatory responses and as such training overload in children and adolescents as well as monitor optimal growth and development...
January 17, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106151/obesity-assessing-the-long-term-outcomes-of-bariatric-surgery-in-adolescents
#3
Claire Greenhill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2017: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105927/candidate-snp-markers-of-aggressiveness-related-complications-and-comorbidities-of-genetic-diseases-are-predicted-by-a-significant-change-in-the-affinity-of-tata-binding-protein-for-human-gene-promoters
#4
Irina V Chadaeva, Mikhail P Ponomarenko, Dmitry A Rasskazov, Ekaterina B Sharypova, Elena V Kashina, Marina Yu Matveeva, Tatjana V Arshinova, Petr M Ponomarenko, Olga V Arkova, Natalia P Bondar, Ludmila K Savinkova, Nikolay A Kolchanov
BACKGROUND: Aggressiveness in humans is a hereditary behavioral trait that mobilizes all systems of the body-first of all, the nervous and endocrine systems, and then the respiratory, vascular, muscular, and others-e.g., for the defense of oneself, children, family, shelter, territory, and other possessions as well as personal interests. The level of aggressiveness of a person determines many other characteristics of quality of life and lifespan, acting as a stress factor. Aggressive behavior depends on many parameters such as age, gender, diseases and treatment, diet, and environmental conditions...
December 28, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105511/bone-density-in-the-obese-child-clinical-considerations-and-diagnostic-challenges
#5
Jennifer C Kelley, Nicola Crabtree, Babette S Zemel
The prevalence of obesity in children has reached epidemic proportions. Concern about bone health in obese children, in part, derives from the potentially increased fracture risk associated with obesity. Additional risk factors that affect bone mineral accretion, may also contribute to obesity, such as low physical activity and nutritional factors. Consequences of obesity, such as inflammation, insulin resistance, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, may also affect bone mineral acquisition, especially during the adolescent years when rapid increases in bone contribute to attaining peak bone mass...
January 20, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104918/triglycerides-glucose-index-is-a-useful-surrogate-marker-of-insulin-resistance-among-adolescents
#6
B Kang, Y Yang, E Y Lee, H K Yang, H-S Kim, S-Y Lim, J-H Lee, S-S Lee, B-K Suh, K-H Yoon
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to investigate the association between the triglycerides/glucose index (TyG index) and the homeostasis model assessment-estimated insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in the prediction of insulin resistance (IR) among adolescents. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study among 221 Korean adolescents (168 males and 53 females aged 9-13 years) from May to June 2014 in Chung-ju city. The TyG index was calculated as ln [triglycerides (mg/dl) × fasting glucose (mg/dl)/2]...
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104469/culturally-grounded-diabetes-prevention-program-for-obese-latino-youth-rationale-design-and-methods
#7
A N Williams, Y P Konopken, C S Keller, F G Castro, K Arcoleo, E Barraza, D L Patrick, M L Olson, G Q Shaibi
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) disproportionately impacts Latino youth yet few diabetes prevention programs address this important source of health disparities. OBJECTIVES: To address this knowledge gap, we describe the rationale, design, and methodology underpinning a culturally-grounded T2D prevention program for obese Latino youth. The study aims to: 1) to test the efficacy of the intervention for reducing T2D risk, 2) explore potential mediators and moderators of changes in health behaviors and health outcomes and, 3) examine the incremental cost-effectiveness for reducing T2D risk...
January 16, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103626/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-the-next-frontier-in-the-epidemic
#8
REVIEW
Iliana Doycheva, Kymberly D Watt, Naim Alkhouri
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a significant health burden in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with substantial rise in prevalence over the last decades. This parallels high rates of obesity and metabolic syndrome in this age group, with unhealthy lifestyle also playing an independent role. Genetic factors, gender, and ethnicity should be considered in a risk stratification model. NAFLD and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in AYAs often go unrecognized and if untreated, can progress eventually to cirrhosis requiring liver transplantation before the age of 40...
January 19, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103443/effects-of-childhood-asthma-on-the-development-of-obesity-among-school-aged-children
#9
Zhanghua Chen, Muhammad T Salam, Tanya L Alderete, Rima Habre, Theresa M Bastain, Kiros Berhane, Frank D Gilliland
RATIONALE: Asthma and obesity often occur together in children. It is unknown whether asthma contributes to the childhood obesity epidemic. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the effects of asthma and asthma medication use on the development of childhood obesity. METHODS: The primary analysis was conducted among 2,171 non-obese children who were 5-8 years of age at study enrollment in the Southern California Children's Health Study (CHS) and were followed for up to 10 years...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102091/obesity-related-insulin-resistance-in-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#10
P Thota, F R Perez-Lopez, V A Benites-Zapata, V Pasupuleti, A V Hernandez
Insulin resistance is common among obese adolescents; however, the extent of this problem is not clear. We conducted a systematic review of PubMed-Medline, CINAHL, The Web of Science, EMBASE and Scopus for observational studies evaluating components defining insulin resistance (insulin, C-peptide and homeostatic model assessment-insulin resistance [HOMA-IR]) in obese adolescents (12-18 years) versus non-obese adolescents. Our systematic review and meta-analysis followed the PRISMA guidelines. Data were combined using a random-effects model and summary statistics were calculated using the mean differences (MDs)...
January 19, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101933/associations-of-common-variants-in-the-slc16a11-tcf7l2-and-abca1-genes-with-pediatric-onset-type-2-diabetes-and-related-glycemic-traits-in-families-a-case-control-and-case-parent-trio-study
#11
América L Miranda-Lora, Miguel Cruz, Mario Molina-Díaz, Jorge Gutiérrez, Samuel Flores-Huerta, Miguel Klünder-Klünder
BACKGROUND: There is evidence of associations of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and related glycemic traits in adults, but there is a little information about such associations in youths. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations of SNPs in the TCF7L2, SLC16A11, and ABCA1 genes with T2D and related glycemic traits in Mexican children and adolescents. SUBJECTS: A total of 99 families with children with T2D (n = 327) and 83 families with children without the disease (n = 212)...
January 19, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099209/functional-neuroimaging-in-obesity
#12
Laura Patriarca, Greta Magerowski, Miguel Alonso-Alonso
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review examines recent advances in the use of functional neuroimaging to study human obesity, a field that is rapidly expanding and continues to be of paramount importance for a better understanding of the pathogenesis of this condition. With rising levels of obesity worldwide and limited therapeutic options, there is a great need for the development of new solutions that can benefit patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies that utilize functional neuroimaging are beginning to shed light on the nature of behavioral and neurocognitive dysfunctions previously identified in individuals with obesity...
January 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099199/chronic-lateral-epiphyseal-separation-of-the-proximal-tibia-causes-late-onset-tibia-vara
#13
Sachi Hasegawa, Hiroshi Kitoh, Masaki Matsushita, Kenichi Mishima, Izumi Kadono, Hiroshi Sugiura, Akiko Kitamura, Naoki Ishiguro
An adolescent obese boy showed late-onset unilateral tibia vara associated with physeal separation (slipped epiphysis) of the lateral proximal tibia and physeal widening of the lateral distal femur. These affected physes showed normal signal intensities by MRI. He was treated with lateral hemiepiphysiodesis of the left proximal tibia and the distal femur using two parallel eight-Plates, and varus deformity rapidly improved postoperatively without recurrence. This is the first case of late-onset tibia vara caused by lateral physeal separation of the proximal tibia...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099129/the-association-between-obesity-hypertension-and-left-ventricular-mass-in-adolescents
#14
Saime Ergen Dibeklioglu, Berna Şaylan Çevik, Banu Acar, Zeynep Birsin Özçakar, Nermin Uncu, Nazlı Kara, Şemsa Çaycı, Nilgün Çakar
BACKGROUND: Obesity and hypertension (HT) are well known cardiac risk factors. Our goal was to show that even if arterial blood pressure (BP) measurements of obese adolescents are normal during clinical examination, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) can be high, may include cardiac involvement and can also detect left ventricular mass indices (LVMI) value for obese adolescents to diagnose left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). METHODS: This study included 130 children (57 obese hypertensive, 36 obese normotensive, 14 normal weight hypertensive and 23 normal weight normotensive)...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099127/prevalence-risk-factors-and-consequences-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-schoolchildren-a-cross-sectional-study-in-kashmir-india
#15
Mohd Ashraf Ganie, Gulzar Ahmad Bhat, Ishfaq Ahmad Wani, Aafia Rashid, Showkat Ali Zargar, Bashir Ahmad Charoo, Zaffar Amin Shah, Syed Mudassar
BACKGROUND: Obesity among children and adolescents is a growing public health problem. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence, risk factors and metabolic consequences of obesity among schoolchildren from Kashmir, India. METHODS: The study subjects (n=2024) included 870 boys and 1154 girls, aged between 6 and 18 years. Data were collected by interviewer-administered questionnaires. Information was obtained about different lifestyles, anthropometric parameters and dietary habits...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097834/high-blood-pressure-in-school-children-and-adolescents-in-argentina-over-the-past-25-years-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#16
Alejandro Díaz, Luciana Calandra
INTRODUCTION: Over the past years, hypertension has been recognized as an important health problem in the pediatric population. A systematic review of observational studies published between 1988 and 2014 was conducted to estimate the prevalence of high blood pressure and cardiovascular risk factors among children and adolescents in Argentina. POPULATION AND METHODS: A bibliographic search was done in MEDLINE, SciELO, and LILACS to look for studies on high blood pressure prevalence in school children and adolescents in Argentina...
1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097807/parent-adolescent-influences-on-everyday-dietary-practices-perceptions-of-adolescent-females-with-obesity-and-their-mothers
#17
Megan R Winkler, Elizabeth D Moore, Gary G Bennett, Sarah C Armstrong, Debra H Brandon
Parents demonstrate an important influence on adolescent obesity and dietary behavior; yet, family-based obesity interventions continue to exhibit limited success among adolescents. To further inform family-based approaches for adolescent obesity treatment, we examined the perceptions of adolescent females with obesity and their mothers of the influences experienced within the parent-adolescent relationship that affect everyday dietary practices. We conducted six focus group interviews (three adolescent female and three mother) among 15 adolescent (12-17 years old) females with obesity and 12 of their mothers...
January 17, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097202/distinct-effects-of-obesity-and-puberty-on-risk-and-age-at-onset-of-pediatric-ms
#18
Tanuja Chitnis, Jennifer Graves, Bianca Weinstock-Guttman, Anita Belman, Cody Olsen, Madhusmita Misra, Gregory Aaen, Leslie Benson, Meghan Candee, Mark Gorman, Benjamin Greenberg, Lauren Krupp, Timothy Lotze, Soe Mar, Jayne Ness, John Rose, Jennifer Rubin, Teri Schreiner, Jan Tillema, Amy Waldman, Moses Rodriguez, Charlie Casper, Emmanuelle Waubant
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the relative contributions of body mass index (BMI) and pubertal measures for risk and age of onset of pediatric MS. METHODS: Case-control study of 254 (63% female) MS cases (onset<18 years of age) and 420 (49% female) controls conducted at 14 U.S. Pediatric MS Centers. Sex- and age-stratified BMI percentiles were calculated using CDC growth charts from height and weight measured at enrollment for controls, and within 1 year of onset for MS cases...
December 2016: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095749/obese-adolescents-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-have-elevated-cardiovascular-disease-risk-markers
#19
Sonali S Patel, Uyen Truong, Martina King, Annie Ferland, Kerrie L Moreau, Jennifer Dorosz, John E Hokanson, Hong Wang, Gregory L Kinney, David M Maahs, Robert H Eckel, Kristen J Nadeau, Melanie Cree-Green
Women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) have evidence of subclinical cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, insulin resistance, an important factor in the development of CVD in adults, is common in adolescents with PCOS, yet data in adolescents are limited. Therefore, we sought to measure insulin resistance and CVD markers in obese youth with and without PCOS. Thirty-six PCOS and 17 non-PCOS adolescent girls who were obese, sedentary, and non-hypertensive were recruited from clinics located within the Children's Hospital Colorado...
January 1, 2017: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095279/overweight-and-obesity-in-italian-adolescents-examined-prevalence-and-socio-demographic-factors
#20
Myriam Galfo, Laura D'Addezio, Laura Censi, Romana Roccaldo, Deborah Martone
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of overweight and obesity derived from measured data of weight and height in a cross-sectional sample of adolescents in the Italian region of Lazio and to analyse their association with different socio-demographic factors. METHODS: The study was conducted in a representative sample of 15-16-year-old adolescents recruited in secondary schools between December 2011 and May 2012. 369 adolescents were investigated. Body weight, height and waist circumference were measured...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
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