keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

autophagy atg7

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237558/atg7-activates-an-autophagy-essential-ubiquitin-like-protein-atg8-through-multi-step-recognition
#1
Masaya Yamaguchi, Kenji Satoo, Hironori Suzuki, Yuko Fujioka, Yoshinori Ohsumi, Fuyuhiko Inagaki, Nobuo N Noda
Atg8 is a unique ubiquitin-like protein that is covalently conjugated with a phosphatidylethanolamine through reactions similar to ubiquitination and plays essential roles in autophagy. Atg7 is the E1 enzyme for Atg8, and it activates the C-terminal Gly116 of Atg8 using ATP. Here, we report the crystal structure of Atg8 bound to the C-terminal domain of Atg7 in an unprecedented mode. Atg8 neither contacts with the central β-sheet nor binds to the catalytic site of Atg7, both of which were observed in previously reported Atg7-Atg8 structures...
December 10, 2017: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234488/sirt6-histone-deacetylase-functions-as-a-potential-oncogene-in-human-melanoma
#2
Liz Mariely Garcia-Peterson, Mary Ann Ndiaye, Chandra K Singh, Gagan Chhabra, Wei Huang, Nihal Ahmad
Melanoma is an aggressive skin cancer that can rapidly metastasize to become fatal, if not diagnosed early. Despite recent therapeutic advances, management of melanoma remains difficult. Therefore, novel molecular targets and strategies are required to manage this neoplasm. This study was undertaken to determine the role of the sirtuin SIRT6 in melanoma. Employing a panel of human melanoma cells and normal human melanocytes, we found significant SIRT6 mRNA and protein upregulation in melanoma cells. Further, using a tissue microarray coupled with quantitative Vectra analysis, we demonstrated significant SIRT6 overexpression in human melanoma tissues...
September 2017: Genes & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228719/levels-of-leydig-cell-autophagy-regulate-the-fertility-of-male-naked-mole-rats
#3
Wenjing Yang, Li Li, Xiaofeng Huang, Guanghan Kan, Lifang Lin, Jishuai Cheng, Chen Xu, Wei Sun, Wei Cong, Shanmin Zhao, Shufang Cui
Fertility is abolished in nonbreeding males in colonies of natal naked mole-rats (NMRs). Although spermatogenesis occurs in both breeding and nonbreeding male NMRs, the mechanisms underlying the differences in fertility between breeders and nonbreeders remain unexplored. In this study, a significant decrease in autophagy was observed in Leydig cells of the testis from nonbreeding male NMRs. This alteration was visualised as a significant decrease in the levels of autophagy-related gene 7 (Atg7), Atg5, microtubule-associated protein 1A/B light chain 3 (LC3-II/I) and the number of autophagosomes and an increase in P62 levels using Western blotting analyses...
November 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228691/berberine-attenuated-pro-inflammatory-factors-and-protect-against-neuronal-damage-via-triggering-oligodendrocyte-autophagy-in-spinal-cord-injury
#4
Hongyu Wang, Chang Liu, Xifan Mei, Yang Cao, Zhanpeng Guo, Yajiang Yuan, Ziming Zhao, Changwei Song, Yue Guo, Zhaoliang Shen
Berberine exerts neuroprotective effect in neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration disease. However, berberine effect in acute spinal cord injury is yet to be elucidated. Herein, we investigated the neuroprotective effect of berberine in spinal cord injury (SCI). Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to SCI by an intraperitoneal injection of berberine post-injury. The neurobehavioral recovery, cytokines of pro-inflammatory factors (TNF-α and IL-1β), autophagy-related proteins (LC3B, ATG16L, ATG7), and apoptosis-related protein cleaved caspase-3 were determined...
November 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228587/chronic-myeloid-leukemia-progenitor-cells-require-autophagy-when-leaving-hypoxia-induced-quiescence
#5
Angela Ianniciello, Pierre-Yves Dumas, Claire Drullion, Amélie Guitart, Arnaud Villacreces, Yan Peytour, Jean Chevaleyre, Philippe Brunet de la Grange, Isabelle Vigon, Vanessa Desplat, Muriel Priault, Persio Dello Sbarba, Zoran Ivanovic, François-Xavier Mahon, Jean-Max Pasquet
Albeit tyrosine kinase inhibitors anti-Abl used in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) block the deregulated activity of the Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase and induce remission in 90% of patients, they do not eradicate immature hematopoietic compartments of leukemic stem cells. To elucidate if autophagy is important for stem cell survival and/or proliferation, we used culture in low oxygen concentration (0.1% O2 for 7 days) followed back by non-restricted O2 supply (normoxic culture) to mimic stem cell proliferation and commitment...
November 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225084/autophagy-deficiency-in-myeloid-cells-exacerbates-eosinophilic-inflammation-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#6
Go Eun Choi, Seung-Yong Yoon, Ji-Yun Kim, Do-Young Kang, Yong Ju Jang, Hun Sik Kim
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic inflammation is a major pathologic feature of chronic rhinosinusitis and is frequently associated with severe refractory disease. Prostaglandin D2 level is elevated in chronic rhinosinusitis and is an important contributing factor to eosinophilic inflammation. Autophagy has a pleiotropic effect on immune responses and disease pathogenesis. Recent studies suggest the potential involvement of autophagy in chronic rhinosinusitis and the prostaglandin pathway. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether altered function of autophagy is associated with eosinophilic inflammation and dysregulated production of prostaglandin D2 in chronic rhinosinusitis...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212196/juglanin-inhibits-lung-cancer-by-regulation-of-apoptosis-ros-and-autophagy-induction
#7
Liang Chen, Ya-Qiong Xiong, Jing Xu, Ji-Peng Wang, Zi-Li Meng, Yong-Qing Hong
Juglanin (Jug) is obtained from the crude extract of Polygonum aviculare, exerting suppressive activity against cancer cell progression in vitro and in vivo. Juglanin administration causes apoptosis and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in different types of cells through regulating various signaling pathways. In our study, the effects of juglanin on non-small cell lung cancer were investigated. A significant role of juglanin in suppressing lung cancer growth was observed. Juglanin promoted apoptosis in lung cancer cells through increasing Caspase-3 and poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) cleavage, which is regulated by TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand/Death receptors (TRAIL/DRs) relied on p53 activation...
November 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207165/combination-treatment-of-fty720-and-cisplatin-exhibits-enhanced-antitumour-effects-on-cisplatin-resistant-non-small-lung-cancer-cells
#8
Yang Li, Tinghua Hu, Tianjun Chen, Tian Yang, Hui Ren, Mingwei Chen
A major common medical treatment for lung carcinoma is cisplatin (DDP)-based therapy. However, the development or existence of chemoresistance frequently blocks its effectiveness. Currently, autophagy is recognised as a potential anticancer strategy, although there is controversy over its role in the development of cancer. In lung carcinoma, no studies of autophagy induced by FTY720, a sphingosine 1-phosphate analog and a novel immunosuppressant drug, have been published, while apoptosis has been shown to be induced by FTY720 in several cancer cell lines...
November 24, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197632/crosstalk-between-autophagy-and-oxidative-stress-regulates-proteolysis-in-the-diaphragm-during-mechanical-ventilation
#9
Ashley J Smuder, Kurt J Sollanek, W Bradley Nelson, Kisuk Min, Erin E Talbert, Andreas N Kavazis, Matthew B Hudson, Marco Sandri, Hazel H Szeto, Scott K Powers
Mechanical ventilation (MV) results in the rapid development of ventilator-induced diaphragm dysfunction (VIDD). While the mechanisms responsible for VIDD are not fully understood, recent data reveal that prolonged MV activates autophagy in the diaphragm, which may occur as a result of increased cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that 1) accelerated autophagy is a key contributor to VIDD; and that 2) oxidative stress is required to increase the expression of autophagy genes in the diaphragm...
November 29, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191827/proteasome-mediated-degradation-of-collagen-iii-by-cortisol-in-amnion-fibroblasts
#10
Yabing Mi, Wangsheng Wang, Jiangwen Lu, Chuyue Zhang, Yawei Wang, Hao Ying, Kang Sun
Rupture of fetal membranes (ROM) can initiate parturition at both term and preterm. Collagen III in the compact layer of the amnion contributes to the tensile strength of fetal membranes. However, the upstream signals triggering collagen III degradation remain mostly elusive. In this study we investigated the role of cortisol regenerated by 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 1 (11β-HSD1) in collagen III degradation in human amnion fibroblasts with an aim to seek novel targets for the prevention of preterm premature ROM (PPROM)-elicited preterm birth...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191453/apigenin-sensitizes-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells-to-doxorubic-through-regulating-mir-520b-atg7-axis
#11
Ai-Mei Gao, Xiao-Yu Zhang, Juan-Ni Hu, Zun-Ping Ke
Chemo-resistance is a serious obstacle for successful treatment of cancer. Apigenin, a dietary flavonoid, has been reported as an anticancer drug in various malignant cancers. This study aimed to investigate the potential chemo-sensitization effect of apigenin in doxorubicin-resistant hepatocellular carcinoma cell line BEL-7402/ADM. We observed that apigenin significantly enhanced doxorubicin sensitivity, induced miR-520b expression and inhibited ATG7-dependent autophagy in BEL-7402/ADM cells. In addition, we also showed that miR-520b mimics increased doxorubicin sensitivity and inhibited ATG7-dependent autophagy...
November 27, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180700/autophagy-protects-pancreatic-beta-cell-mass-and-function-in-the-setting-of-a-high-fat-and-high-glucose-diet
#12
Qingfeng Sheng, Xiangwei Xiao, Krishna Prasadan, Congde Chen, Yungching Ming, Joseph Fusco, Nupur N Gangopadhyay, David Ricks, George K Gittes
Autophagy is a major regulator of pancreatic beta cell homeostasis. Altered autophagic activity has been implicated in the beta cells of patients with type 2 diabetes, and in the beta cells of obese diabetic rodents. Here, we show that autophagy was induced in beta cells by either a high-fat diet or a combined high-fat and high-glucose diet, but not by high-glucose alone. However, a high-glucose intake alone did increase beta cell mass and insulin secretion moderately. Depletion of Atg7, a necessary component of the autophagy pathway, in beta cells by pancreatic intra-ductal AAV8-shAtg7 infusion in C57BL/6 mice, resulted in decreased beta cell mass, impaired glucose tolerance, defective insulin secretion, and increased apoptosis when a combined high-fat and high-glucose diet was given, seemingly due to suppression of autophagy...
November 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179457/traditional-chinese-medicine-danggui-buxue-tang-inhibits-colorectal-cancer-growth-through-induction-of-autophagic-cell-death
#13
Shun-Ting Chen, Tzung-Yan Lee, Tung-Hu Tsai, Yu-Chuen Huang, Yin-Cheng Lin, Chin-Ping Lin, Hui-Ru Shieh, Ming-Ling Hsu, Chih-Wen Chi, Ming-Cheng Lee, Hen-Hong Chang, Yu-Jen Chen
Purpose: The induction of autophagic cell death is an important process in the development of anticancer therapeutics. We aimed to evaluate the activity of the ancient Chinese decoction Danggui Buxue Tang (DBT) against colorectal cancer (CRC) and the associated autophagy-related mechanism. Materials and methods: CT26 CRC cells were implanted into syngeneic BALB/c mice for the tumor growth assay. DBT extracts and DBT-PD (polysaccharide-depleted) fractions were orally administered...
October 24, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164996/cptp-a-sphingolipid-transfer-protein-that-regulates-autophagy-and-inflammasome-activation
#14
Shrawan Kumar Mishra, Yong-Guang Gao, Yibin Deng, Charles E Chalfant, Edward H Hinchcliffe, Rhoderick E Brown
The macroautophagy/autophagy and inflammasome pathways are linked through their roles in innate immunity and chronic inflammatory disease. Ceramide-1-phosphate (C1P) is a bioactive sphingolipid that regulates pro-inflammatory eicosanoid production. Whether C1P also regulates autophagy and inflammasome assembly/activation is not known. Here we show that CPTP (a protein that traffics C1P from its site of phosphorylation in the trans-Golgi to target membranes) regulates both autophagy and inflammasome activation...
November 22, 2017: Autophagy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154199/ultraviolet-b-radiation-down-regulates-ulk1-and-atg7-expression-and-impairs-the-autophagy-response-in-human-keratinocytes
#15
Xu Chen, Li Li, Song Xu, Wenbo Bu, Kun Chen, Min Li, Heng Gu
Autophagy is a self-digestive pathway that helps to maintain cellular homeostasis, and many autophagy-related gene (ATG)s involved the regulation of the autophagy process. Ultraviolet light is a common stressor of skin, but it is unclear how autophagy is regulated after ultraviolet exposure in epidermal keratinocytes. Here, we found that the mRNAs of some key ATG genes such as ULK1, ATG5 and ATG7 exhibited significantly lower levels in the skin tissues of the face and chest with solar ultraviolet exposure, compared with perineal skin...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146131/dysregulation-of-autophagy-in-melanocytes-contributes-to-hypopigmented-macules-in-tuberous-sclerosis-complex
#16
Fei Yang, Lingli Yang, Mari Wataya-Kaneda, Junya Hasegawa, Tamotsu Yoshimori, Atsushi Tanemura, Daisuke Tsuruta, Ichiro Katayama
BACKGROUND: Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) gene mutations lead to constitutive activation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway, resulting in a broad range of symptoms. Hypopigmented macules are the earliest sign. Although we have already confirmed that topical rapamycin treatment (an mTOR inhibitor) protects patients with TSC against macular hypopigmentation, the pathogenesis of such lesions remains poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: Recently emerging evidence supports a role for autophagy in skin pigmentation...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142990/the-chemical-chaperone-pba-reduces-er-stress-and-autophagy-and-increases-collagen-iv-%C3%AE-5-expression-in-cultured-fibroblasts-from-men-with-x-linked-alport-syndrome-and-missense-mutations
#17
Dongmao Wang, Mardhiah Mohammad, Yanyan Wang, Rachel Tan, Lydia S Murray, Sharon Ricardo, Hayat Dagher, Tom van Agtmael, Judy Savige
Introduction: X-linked Alport syndrome (OMIM 301050) is caused by COL4A5 missense variants in 40% of families. This study examined the effects of chemical chaperone treatment (sodium 4-phenylbutyrate) on fibroblast cell lines derived from men with missense mutations. Methods: Dermal fibroblast cultures were established from 2 affected men and 3 normals. Proliferation rates were examined, the collagen IV α5 chain localized with immunostaining, and levels of the intra- and extracellular chains quantitated with an in-house enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
July 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138806/effect-of-bis-hydroxymethyl-alkanoate-curcuminoid-derivative-mth-3-on-cell-cycle-arrest-apoptotic-and-autophagic-pathway-in-triple-negative-breast-adenocarcinoma-mda-mb-231-cells-an-in-vitro-study
#18
Ling-Chu Chang, Min-Tsang Hsieh, Jai-Sing Yang, Chi-Cheng Lu, Fuu-Jen Tsai, Je-Wei Tsao, Yu-Jen Chiu, Sheng-Chu Kuo, Kuo-Hsiung Lee
Curcumin has been shown to exert potential antitumor activity in vitro and in vivo involved in multiple signaling pathways. However, the application of curcumin is still limited because of its poor hydrophilicity and low bio-availability. In the present study, we investigated the therapeutic effects of a novel and water soluble bis(hydroxymethyl) alkanoate curcuminoid derivative, MTH-3, on human breast adenocarcinoma MDA-MB-231 cells. This study investigated the effect of MTH-3 on cell viability, cell cycle and induction of autophagy and apoptosis in MDA-MB-231 cells...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137257/kaempferol-induces-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cell-death-via-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-chop-autophagy-signaling-pathway
#19
Haiqing Guo, Wei Lin, Xiangying Zhang, Xiaohui Zhang, Zhongjie Hu, Liying Li, Zhongping Duan, Jing Zhang, Feng Ren
Kaempferol is a flavonoid compound that has gained widespread attention due to its antitumor functions. However, the underlying mechanisms are still not clear. The present study investigated the effect of kaempferol on hepatocellular carcinoma and its underlying mechanisms. Kaempferol induced autophagy in a concentration- and time-dependent manner in HepG2 or Huh7 cells, which was evidenced by the significant increase of autophagy-related genes. Inhibition of autophagy pathway, through 3-methyladenine or Atg7 siRNA, strongly diminished kaempferol-induced apoptosis...
October 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136784/the-alternation-of-autophagy-apoptosis-in-cd4-cd25-foxp3-tregs-on-the-developmental-stages-of-atherosclerosis
#20
Yuling Tian, Xiao Liang, Yue Wu
Naturally regulatory T cells (Tregs) play a critical role in the regulation of T cell-mediated immune responses in atherosclerosis. However, the regulatory mechanism underlying Tregs upon long-term development of atherosclerosis remains unknown. Therefore, in this study, atherosclerotic model was induced in ApoE-/- mice by feeding fat-diet for 10 weeks. Quantification of atherosclerotic lesions was done by calculating the lesion size in the aortic sinus every 2 weeks. The lipid levels and inflammatory mediators were detected in serum sample...
November 8, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
keyword
keyword
59713
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"