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Salivary glands radiotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147434/acute-radiation-induced-changes-in-sprague-dawley-rat-submandibular-glands-a-histomorphometric-analysis
#1
Manu Krishnan, Aatish Tennavan, Seema Saraswathy, Tarun Sekhri, Ajay Kumar Singh, Velu Nair
Background: Radiation-induced xerostomia is a distressing clinical condition that starts appearing from the initial stages of radiotherapy in head and neck cancer patients. Though submandibular glands contribute to maximum of the "resting salivary" secretions, most of the acute xerostomia experiments so far reported have been on animal parotid glands. Therefore, we assessed and quantified the histologic changes in submandibular glands of Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats using histomorphometry, 24 hours after radiation...
April 2017: World Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109791/can-molecular-profiling-enhance-radiotherapy-impact-of-personalized-targeted-gold-nanoparticles-on-radiosensitivity-and-imaging-of-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma
#2
Inbal Hazkani, Menachem Motiei, Oshra Betzer, Tamar Sadan, Dimitri Bragilovski, Leon Lubimov, Aviram Mizrachi, Tuvia Hadar, Mattan Levi, Irit Ben-Aharon, Izhack Haviv, Rachela Popovtzer, Aron Popovtzer
Personalized molecular profiling has an established role in selection of treatment for metastatic disease; however, its role in improving radiosensitivity and functional imaging has not been evaluated. In the current study, we examined molecular profiling as a tool for designing personalized targeted gold nanoparticles (GNP) to serve as dual-modal tumor radiosensitizers and functional imaging enhancers. To this end, molecular profiling of a patient's salivary gland adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) was performed, and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) mutation was detected...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105949/a-model-for-predicting-the-dose-to-the-parotid-glands-based-on-their-relative-overlapping-with-planning-target-volumes-during-helical-radiotherapy
#3
Cheryl H Millunchick, Heming Zhen, Gage Redler, Yixiang Liao, Julius V Turian
The sparing of the parotid glands in the treatment of head and neck cancers is of clinical relevance as high doses to the salivary glands may result in xerostomia. Xerostomia is a major cause of decreased quality of life for head and neck patients. This paper explores the relationship between the overlap of the target volumes and their expansions with the parotid glands for helical delivery plans and their ability to be spared. Various overlapping volumes were examined, and an overlap with a high statistical relevance was found...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100750/oncocytic-carcinoma-of-the-salivary-glands-a-danish-national-study
#4
Marie Westergaard-Nielsen, Christian Godballe, Lisbeth Juhler Andersen, Hanne Primdahl, Claus A Kristensen, Elo Andersen, Kristine Bjørndal
OBJECTIVES: To present a Danish national series of oncocytic carcinoma (OC) patients, including data on treatment, recurrence and survival. METHODS: From the national Danish database of salivary gland carcinomas, all patients diagnosed with OC from 1990 to 2005 were identified and data concerning demographics, tumor site, clinical stage and treatment profiles were extracted. A follow-up was carried out. RESULTS: Of the 15 cases of salivary gland OC, eight were female...
October 31, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093739/aggressive-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-maxillary-sinus-in-a-43-year-old-male-rare-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#5
Koorosh Rahmani, Shokouh Taghipour Zahir, Mohammad Baghi Yazdi, Alireza Navabazam
Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a rare malignant tumor, mostly involving the minor salivary glands. Herein, we present a case of ACC in a 43-year-old man with symptoms of dental abscess as the initial presentation of the tumor. In spiral computed tomography (CT) scan, soft tissue mass with the erosion of maxillary sinus wall on the right side of the alveolar ridge was evident. Histopathological examination of the excised tumor with immunohistochemical studies (C-kit, Vimentin, pan-cytokeratin, p53, p63, and ki67 positive reaction) confirmed grade 2 ACC in the maxillary sinus...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019545/a-brief-history-of-salivary-gland-surgery
#6
Giulianno Molina Melo, Onivaldo Cervantes, Marcio Abrahao, Luciene Covolan, Elenn Soares Ferreira, Heloisa Allegro Baptista
Salivary gland neoplasms are a relatively uncommon disease, with nearly one case per 100.000 adults estimated per year and an overall incidence of 1% of all neoplasms. The benign neoplasms are majority and the prognosis depends on the histologic type, grade, localization, soft tissue infiltration, regional and distant metastasis. The main treatment is surgery with caution to facial nerve in the major salivary glands, followed by radiotherapy and chemotherapy in selected cases. The objective of this review is to provide the lector an historic approach about salivary gland diseases treatment, with special attention to the parotid neoplasms and its peculiarities associated to those who studied these glands in their history course...
July 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955679/polymorphous-low-grade-adenocarcinoma-of-the-parotid-in-a-teenager
#7
Divya Khosla, Shalini Verma, Nitin Gupta, Rajpal-S Punia, Gurbir Kaur, Awadhesh-K Pandey, Kislay Dimri
INTRODUCTION: Polymorphous low grade adenocarcinoma (PLGA) is a rare salivary gland neoplasm with an indolent course. It occurs primarily in the minor salivary glands but can rarely occur in the major salivary glands. It usually occurs in the fifth to seventh decades of life with female preponderance. CASE REPORT: A 16-year-old male presented with recurrent painless swelling in the right preauricular region and with a history of surgical intervention at the same site in the past...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951700/adaptive-radiotherapy-in-a-case-of-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-bronchus-and-its-favourable-impact-on-treatment-outcome-a-case-report
#8
Suman Das, Yogaraja Dorairaja, Anandakrishnan Kuppusamy
Adenoid cystic carcinoma is a very rare malignancy commonly originating from the salivary glands of the head and neck. It is again very scantily seen in sites like the bronchus. Surgical resection is the mainstay of treatment but many a times the tumour site and size preclude a favourable outcome of surgery and the patient is advised for other forms of local treatment like Radiotherapy. Here, we present a case report of a young female with primary adenoid cystic carcinoma of the bronchus. The tumour was located in the carina and the left bronchus which was obstructing the airway resulting in collapse of the left lung, this resulted in shifting the mediastinum and abdominal structures in to the thorax...
November 2017: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936637/significant-prognostic-factors-affecting-treatment-outcomes-of-salivary-gland-carcinoma-a-multicenter-retrospective-analysis
#9
Shin-Ichi Yamada, Hiroshi Kurita, Takahiro Kamata, Tadaaki Kirita, Michihiro Ueda, Tetsuro Yamashita, Yoshihide Ota, Mitsunobu Otsuru, Nobuhiro Yamakawa, Masaya Okura, Tomonao Aikawa, Masahiro Umeda
The purpose of this study was to investigate the prognostic factor in salivary gland carcinoma patients. Clinical and pathological data of 211 consecutive patients who treated with curative intent were analyzed. The overall survival (OS) rate, local control rate, and distant metastasis rate were calculated. To examine a prognostic factor in salivary gland carcinoma patients, a multivariate analysis was performed. The 5-year-OS rate was 84.0%, and 10-year was 69.2%. The 5-year-local control rate was 84.6%, and 10-year was 70...
September 21, 2017: Odontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935487/clinical-prognostic-factors-of-salivary-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-a%C3%A2-single-center-analysis-of-61-patients
#10
Robert Cordesmeyer, Henning Schliephake, Philipp Kauffmann, Markus Tröltzsch, Rainer Laskawi, Philipp Ströbel, Felix Bremmer
PURPOSE: Adenoid cystic carcinomas are rare malignant tumors of the salivary glands. They are characterized by a high rate of local recurrence, late distant metastasis and a poor disease-free survival. In this study, we analyzed a series of 61 patients who were all treated at the University of Göttingen over a period of 21.0 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In all 61 patients with salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma, clinical data, demographic data, risk factors, tumor location, tumor stage, status of surgical margin, surgical treatment, postoperative radiotherapy and follow-up interval were assessed...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918183/survival-after-surgery-for-oral-cancer-a-30-year-experience
#11
T K Ong, C Murphy, A B Smith, A N Kanatas, D A Mitchell
Oral squamous cell carcinoma is the most common intraoral malignancy, for which we advocate radical primary resection with adjuvant treatment where indicated. The main aims of this paper are to identify the overall survival of a consecutive series of patients and to relate survival to clinical and pathological factors. Kaplan-Meier curves were produced for site, sex, TNM status, and use of postoperative radiotherapy. The data were analysed using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows and probabilities of less than 0...
September 13, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893025/primary-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-submandibular-salivary-gland-a-case-report
#12
Manmohan Agarwal, Lakshmi Agarwal, Rajeev Saxena
Primary Squamous Cell Carcinoma (PSCC) of submandibular salivary gland is a rare occurrence. Careful clinical and histopathological examination is must to diagnose it. The treatment protocol of this rare disease is not clearly defined. Though surgery is primary treatment, role of adjuvant treatment is not clear. A 40-year-old male presented to us with asymptomatic upper neck swelling. Triple endoscopy, cross-sectional investigation and FNAC suggested primary squamous cell carcinoma of right submandibular salivary gland...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889800/adenocarcinoma-of-the-lacrimal-gland-a-case-report
#13
Asmae Touil, Sarah El Abbassi, Yassine Echchikhi, Mustapha Maher, Tayeb Kebdani, Noureddine Benjaafar
BACKGROUND: Primary ductal adenocarcinomas of the lacrimal gland are very rare. This neoplasm shares some histological and immunohistochemical similarities with salivary duct carcinoma. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we present a case of a 55-year-old Moroccan man with lacrimal gland adenocarcinoma. He underwent orbital exenteration with lymph nodes dissection and ipsilateral parotidectomy. After surgery, he was lost to follow-up and died 13 months later. CONCLUSIONS: Lacrimal gland tumors are rare but highly aggressive salivary gland tumors...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870928/outcomes-and-prognostic-factors-of-resected-salivary-gland-malignancies-examining-a-single-institution-s-12-year-experience
#14
Tyler Gutschenritter, Michael Machiorlatti, Sara Vesely, Bilal Ahmad, Wajeeha Razaq, Mohammad Razaq
BACKGROUND: Despite adjuvant radiotherapy, survival outcomes remain poor in patients with salivary gland malignancies who have multiple poor prognostic factors. This study aimed to determine which patients may benefit from treatment intensification. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent curative resection with or without adjuvant radiotherapy between 2002 and 2014 were identified and a retrospective chart review was performed. Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were the main outcomes measured...
September 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861706/xerostomia-quality-of-life-scale-xeqols-questionnaire-validation-of-italian-version-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients
#15
Luciana Lastrucci, Silvia Bertocci, Vittorio Bini, Simona Borghesi, Roberta De Majo, Andrea Rampini, Pietro Giovanni Gennari, Paola Pernici
AIM: To translate the Xerostomia Quality-of-Life Scale (XeQoLS) into Italian language (XeQoLS-IT). Xerostomia is the most relevant acute and late toxicity in patients with head and neck cancer treated with radiotherapy (RT). Patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments are subjective report on patient perception of health status. The XeQoLS consists of 15 items and measures the impact of salivary gland dysfunction and xerostomia on the four major domains of oral health-related QoL. METHODS: The XeQoLS-IT was created through a linguistic validation multi-step process: forward translation (TF), backward translation (TB) and administration of the questionnaire to 35 Italian patients with head and neck cancer...
August 31, 2017: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852132/identification-of-the-protective-mechanisms-of-lactoferrin-in-the-irradiated-salivary-gland
#16
Manabu Sakai, Takumi Matsushita, Ryoko Hoshino, Hitomi Ono, Kazuki Ikai, Takayoshi Sakai
Radiotherapy is commonly used in patients with head and neck cancer, and usually results in irreversible salivary glands damage and hypofunction. It is therefore important to manage such irradiation to prevent damage to the salivary glands. A previous study showed that Lactoferrin (LF) has a radioprotective effect, but the mechanism was not determined in salivary glands. In the present study, we investigated the detailed radioprotective effect of LF using both ex vivo submandibular salivary gland organ culture and ICR male mice in vivo...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851495/intensity-modulated-radiotherapy-in-head-and-neck-cancer-an-update-for-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgeons
#17
REVIEW
P A Brennan, K L Bradley, M Brands
Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), a relatively new method of delivering radiotherapy, can precisely target a point within a specific tumour and reduce the dose to nearby anatomical structures. This is particularly important in the head and neck where radiotherapy can easily and irreparably damage the salivary glands, spinal cord, and eyes, and where, with increasingly better outcomes and survival, late complications of conventional radiotherapy (including osteoradionecrosis of the cervical spine) can be difficult to manage...
August 26, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843763/metastatic-basal-cell-adenocarcinoma-of-submandibular-gland-to-the-spine-an-extremely-rare-condition-a-case-report
#18
Tinnakorn Pluemvitayaporn, Sombat Kunakornsawat, Chaiwat Piyaskulkaew, Pritsanai Pruttikul, Warongporn Pongpinyopap
Basal cell adenocarcinomas (BCACs) are rare malignant neoplasms of salivary glands, accounting for less than 1% of salivary gland tumors. Few cases of distant metastases have been reported. To our knowledge, metastases to the spine have not been previously reported in the literature. We presented an unusual case of a 50-year-old Thai male, who was diagnosed as basal cell adenocarcinoma of submandibular gland with pulmonary and cervical spine metastases with progressive myelopathy, treated with wide surgical resection of the soft tissue tumor and modified radical neck dissection, anterior cervical total corpectomy with fusion combined with posterior decompression and fusion of the cervical spine and surgical wound coverage by anterolateral thigh free tissue transfer, followed by adjuvant radiotherapy...
August 23, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759822/treatment-of-late-sequelae-after-radiotherapy-for-head-and-neck-cancer
#19
REVIEW
Primož Strojan, Katherine A Hutcheson, Avraham Eisbruch, Jonathan J Beitler, Johannes A Langendijk, Anne W M Lee, June Corry, William M Mendenhall, Robert Smee, Alessandra Rinaldo, Alfio Ferlito
Radiotherapy (RT) is used to treat approximately 80% of patients with cancer of the head and neck. Despite enormous advances in RT planning and delivery, a significant number of patients will experience radiation-associated toxicities, especially those treated with concurrent systemic agents. Many effective management options are available for acute RT-associated toxicities, but treatment options are much more limited and of variable benefit among patients who develop late sequelae after RT. The adverse impact of developing late tissue damage in irradiated patients may range from bothersome symptoms that negatively affect their quality of life to severe life-threatening complications...
September 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759701/pharmacological-interventions-for-preventing-dry-mouth-and-salivary-gland-dysfunction-following-radiotherapy
#20
REVIEW
Philip Riley, Anne-Marie Glenny, Fang Hua, Helen V Worthington
BACKGROUND: Salivary gland dysfunction is an 'umbrella' term for the presence of either xerostomia (subjective sensation of dryness), or salivary gland hypofunction (reduction in saliva production). It is a predictable side effect of radiotherapy to the head and neck region, and is associated with a significant impairment of quality of life. A wide range of pharmacological interventions, with varying mechanisms of action, have been used for the prevention of radiation-induced salivary gland dysfunction...
July 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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