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Monocrotaline

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733311/regional-septal-hinge-point-injury-contributes-to-adverse-biventricular-interactions-in-pulmonary-hypertension
#1
Eva Amalie Nielsen, Kenichi Okumura, Mei Sun, Vibeke E Hjortdal, Andrew N Redington, Mark K Friedberg
Death and morbidity in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) are often due to right ventricular (RV) failure and associated left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. We investigated regional myocardial remodeling and function as the basis for adverse ventricular-ventricular interactions in experimental chronic RV pressure overload. Two distinct animal models were studied: A rabbit model of increased RV pressure-load through progressive pulmonary artery banding A rat model of monocrotaline (MCT)-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH)...
July 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711939/baicalin-attenuates-monocrotaline-induced-pulmonary-hypertension-through-bone-morphogenetic-protein-signaling-pathway
#2
Zhaohua Zhang, Luan Zhang, Chao Sun, Feng Kong, Jue Wang, Qian Xin, Wen Jiang, Kaili Li, Ou Chen, Yun Luan
Baicalin, a flavonoid compound extracted from roots of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi (huang qin), it has been shown to effectively attenuates pulmonary hypertension (PH), however, the potential mechanism remains unexplored. In this study, we investigated the potential mechanism of baicalin on monocrotaline (MCT)-induced PH in rats. The results showed that baicalin attenuated lung damage in PH rat model through inhibiting the pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cell proliferation and induction of cells apoptosis...
June 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704260/%C3%AE-solanine-reverses-pulmonary-vascular-remodeling-and-vascular-angiogenesis-in-experimental-pulmonary-artery-hypertension
#3
Xiaowei Nie, Youai Dai, Jianxin Tan, Yuan Chen, Guowei Qin, Wenjun Mao, Jian Zou, Yanhua Chang, Qian Wang, Jingyu Chen
OBJECTIVE: Similar to cancer, pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by vascular remodeling, which leads to obliteration of the small pulmonary arteriole, with marked proliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMC) and/or endothelial cells dysfunction. Aberrant expression of tumor suppressor genes is closely associated with susceptibility to PAH. We hypothesized that α-solanine, a glycoalkaloid found in members of the nightshade family known to have antitumor activity in different cancers, reverses experimental PAH by activating the tumor suppressor-axis inhibition protein 2 (AXIN2)...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703274/pterostilbene-reduces-oxidative-stress-prevents-hypertrophy-and-preserves-systolic-function-of-right-ventricle-in-cor-pulmonale-model
#4
Denise Dos Santos Lacerda, Patrick Türck, Bruna Gazzi de Lima-Seolin, Rafael Colombo, Vanessa Duarte Ortiz, Jéssica Hellen Poletto Bonetto, Cristina Campos-Carraro, Sara Elis Bianchi, Adriane Belló-Klein, Valquiria LinckBassani, Alex Sander da Rosa Araujo
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In cor pulmonale, the increased afterload imposed on the right ventricle (RV) generates a maladaptive response, impairing the contractile cardiac function. Oxidative mechanisms play an important role in the pathophysiology and progression of this disease. The administration of pterostilbene (PTS), a phyto-phenol with antioxidant potential, may represent a therapeutic alternative. In the present study, the objective was to evaluate the effect of PTS complexed with hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD) on hypertrophy, contractile function and oxidative parameters in the RV of rats with pulmonary hypertension induced by monocrotaline administration...
July 12, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680568/combined-oral-administration-of-l-arginine-and-tetrahydrobiopterin-in-a-rat-model-of-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#5
C Schreiber, M S Eilenberg, A Panzenboeck, M P Winter, H Bergmeister, R Herzog, J Mascherbauer, I M Lang, D Bonderman
Alterations in the nitric oxide (NO) pathway play a major role in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). L-arginine (LA) and tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) are main substrates in the production of NO, which mediates pulmonary vasodilation. Administration of either LA or BH4 decrease pulmonary artery pressure (PAP). A combined administration of both may have synergistic effects in the therapy of PAH. In a telemetrically monitored model of unilateral pneumonectomy and monocrotaline-induced PAH, male Sprague-Dawley rats received either LA (300 mg/kg; n = 15), BH4 (20 mg/kg; n = 15), the combination of LA and BH4 (300 mg/kg, 20 mg/kg; n = 15), or vehicle (control group; n = 10) from day 28 after monocrotaline induction...
March 2017: Pulmonary Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677726/osthole-attenuates-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-in-monocrotaline%C3%A2-treated-rats
#6
Yeli Li, Yingwan Wang, Yiqi Li, Zhiqiang Qian, Ling Zhu, Danli Yang
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is an insidious and progressive disease that is triggered by various cardiopulmonary diseases. Inflammation has an important role in the progression of PAH. Osthole (Ost) is a coumarin that has clear anti‑inflammatory properties. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of Ost on PAH, and to explore the mechanism underlying this effect. Using the monocrotaline (MCT)‑induced PAH rat model, the effects of Ost on PAH were investigated. Rats were subcutaneously administered a single dose of MCT (50 mg/kg) to establish the PAH model, followed by daily treatment with Ost (10 or 20 mg/kg) by gavage for 28 days...
September 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677661/a-novel-therapeutic-approach-in-the-treatment-of-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-allium-ursinum-liophylisate-alleviates-symptoms-comparably-to-sildenafil
#7
Mariann Bombicz, Daniel Priksz, Balazs Varga, Andrea Kurucz, Attila Kertész, Akos Takacs, Aniko Posa, Rita Kiss, Zoltan Szilvassy, Bela Juhasz
Right-sided heart failure-often caused by elevated pulmonary arterial pressure-is a chronic and progressive condition with particularly high mortality rates. Recent studies and our current findings suggest that components of Wild garlic (Allium ursinum, AU) may play a role in reducing blood pressure, inhibiting angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), as well as improving right ventricle function in rabbit models with heart failure. We hypothesize that AU may mitigate cardiovascular damage caused by pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and has value in the supplementary treatment of the complications of the disease...
July 4, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650983/differential-induction-of-apoptosis-and-autophagy-by-pyrrolizidine-alkaloid-clivorine-in-human-hepatoma-huh-7-5-cells-and-its-toxic-implication
#8
Wenju Liu, Xu Li, Bo Zhou, Shoucai Fang, Wenzhe Ho, Hui Chen, Hao Liang, Li Ye, Jun Tang
Growing evidence suggests that the pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs)-induced hepatotoxicity is mediated by multiple cell death/defence modalities. However, the detailed mechanisms are still lacking. In this study, the hepatotoxic effects of four PAs including three retronecine-type ones (senecionine, seneciphylline and monocrotaline) and one otonecine-type (clivorine) on the proliferation of Huh-7.5 cells and the possible mechanisms were investigated. The results showed that all the PAs could inhibit cell proliferation and induce apoptosis in a concentration-dependent manner...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646872/role-of-p2x7r-in-the-development-and-progression-of-pulmonary-hypertension
#9
Jie Yin, Shuling You, Haopeng Liu, Li Chen, Chengdong Zhang, Hesheng Hu, Mei Xue, Wenjuan Cheng, Ye Wang, Xinran Li, Yugen Shi, Nannan Li, Suhua Yan, Xiaolu Li
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a devastating disease that lacks sufficient treatment. Studies have shown that the Nod-like receptor family, pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome contributes to PAH pathogenesis, but the role of the upstream molecular P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) has remained unexplored. We investigated the role of P2X7R in the pathogenesis of PAH. METHODS AND RESULTS: PH was induced by a single subcutaneous injection of monocrotaline (MCT) (60 mg/kg) on left pneumonectomised Sprague-Dawley rats, as validated by significant increases in pulmonary artery pressure and vessel wall thickness...
June 24, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642105/crotalaria-monocrotaline-pulmonary-hypertension-the-fiftieth-anniversary
#10
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628347/preventive-treatment-with-atorvastatin-ameliorates-endothelial-dysfunction-of-small-pulmonary-arteries-in-monocrotaline-induced-pulmonary-hypertensive-rats
#11
Zhihong Lin, Zhi Jiang, Xiaodong Huang, Xiaoqi Cai, Huajun Wang, Liangdi Xie
This study examined the effects of preventive atorvastatin (Ator) treatment on vasodilatation of small pulmonary arteries (SPAs) in monocrotaline (MCT)-induced pulmonary hypertensive rats. SD rats were randomly assigned to: normal control (Ctr), pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), PAH treated with 5 mg/kg/d Ator (LAtor), or 10 mg/kg/d Ator (HAtor). PAH was induced by MCT injection (40 mg/kg, i.p.). Mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP), right ventricular hypertrophy index (RVHI%), endothelium-dependent relaxations (EDdRs), and endothelium-independent relaxations (EDiRs) were determined...
June 19, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598112/-effects-of-fluoxetine-on-nogo-expression-and-collagen-production-with-decrease-of-pulmonary-artery
#12
Xun Ran, Jian-Xun Zhao, Hu Nie, Yu-Cheng Chen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of fluoxetine on neurite growth inhibitor (Nogo) expession and collagen production of cardiac tissue in rats with right heart failure and pulmonary hypertension. METHODS: Thirty one male SD rats were randomly divided into the treatment group,right heart failure group and normal control group.The rats in the treatment group and right heart failure group received intrapertioneal injection of monocrotaline (MCT,60 mg/kg) to induce pulmonary hypertension and right heart failure...
November 2016: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597756/lack-of-elevation-in-plasma-levels-of-pro-inflammatory-cytokines-in-common-rodent-models-of-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-questions-of-construct-validity-for-human-patients
#13
Kenny Schlosser, Mohamad Taha, Yupu Deng, Baohua Jiang, Lauralyn A McIntyre, Shirley Hj Mei, Duncan J Stewart
Translational research depends on the relevance of animal models and how well they replicate human disease. Here, we investigated plasma levels of three important pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNFα, IL-6, and MCP-1), known to be elevated in human pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), and systematically assessed their levels in PAH patients compared to five different rodent models of pulmonary hypertension (PH). A consistent immunoassay platform (Luminex xMAP) and source (Millipore) was used to measure all specimens...
April 2017: Pulmonary Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586065/valsartan-attenuates-pulmonary-hypertension-via-suppression-of-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-signaling-and-matrix-metalloproteinase-expression-in-rodents
#14
Yuyan Lu, Haipeng Guo, Yuxi Sun, Xin Pan, Jia Dong, Di Gao, Wei Chen, Yawei Xu, Dachun Xu
It has previously been demonstrated that the renin-angiotensin system is involved in the pathogenesis and development of pulmonary hypertension (PH). However, the efficacy of angiotensin II type I (AT1) receptor blockers in the treatment of PH is variable. The present study examined the effects of the AT1 receptor blocker valsartan on monocrotaline (MCT)‑induced PH in rats and chronic hypoxia‑induced PH in mice. The results demonstrated that valsartan markedly attenuated development of PH in rats and mice, as indicated by reduced right ventricular systolic pressure, diminished lung vascular remodeling and decreased right ventricular hypertrophy, compared with vehicle treated animals...
August 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577964/rp5063-a-novel-multimodal-serotonin-receptor-modulator-prevents-monocrotaline-induced-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-in-rats
#15
Laxminarayan Bhat, Jon Hawkinson, Marc Cantillon, Dasharatha G Reddy, Seema R Bhat, Charles E Laurent, Annie Bouchard, Marzena Biernat, Dany Salvail
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), a condition characterized by pulmonary vasculature constriction and remodeling, involves dysregulation of the serotonin (5-HT) receptors 5-HT2A and 5-HT2B. A rat model of monocrotaline (MCT)-induced PAH was used to examine the potential beneficial effects of RP5063, a 5-HT receptor modulator. After a single 60mg/kg dose of MCT, rats were gavaged twice-daily (b.i.d.) with vehicle, RP5063 (1, 3, or 10mg/kg), or sildenafil (50mg/kg) for 28 days. RP5063 at a dose as low as 1mg/kg, b...
May 31, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566298/colchicine-depolymerizes-microtubules-increases-junctophilin-2-and-improves-right-ventricular-function-in-experimental-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#16
Kurt W Prins, Lian Tian, Danchen Wu, Thenappan Thenappan, Joseph M Metzger, Stephen L Archer
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a lethal disease characterized by obstructive pulmonary vascular remodeling and right ventricular (RV) dysfunction. Although RV function predicts outcomes in PAH, mechanisms of RV dysfunction are poorly understood, and RV-targeted therapies are lacking. We hypothesized that in PAH, abnormal microtubular structure in RV cardiomyocytes impairs RV function by reducing junctophilin-2 (JPH2) expression, resulting in t-tubule derangements...
May 31, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560440/the-protective-effects-of-pcpa-against-monocrotaline-induced-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-are-mediated-through-the-downregulation-of-nfat-1-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb
#17
Yang Bai, Zhong-Xia Li, Huai-Liang Wang, Guo-Chao Lian, Yun Wang
Inflammation and remodeling play a role in the pathogenesis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and nuclear factor of activated T cells-1 (NFAT-1) participate in inflammation and remodeling in a number of diseases. As a tryptophan hydroxylase inhibitor, 4-chloro-DL-phenylalanine (PCPA) had been reported to exert anti-inflammatory and remodeling effects. Therefore, we hypothesized that PCPA may attenuate monocrotaline (MCT)-induced PAH through the NFAT-1 and NF-κB signaling pathways...
July 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554514/remodeling-of-ventricular-repolarization-in-experimental-right-ventricular-hypertrophy
#18
S N Kharin, V V Krandycheva, A S Tsvetkova, K V Shumikhin
BACKGROUND: To understand electrophysiological mechanisms that underlie the progression of compensated right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) to heart failure, the purpose of the study was to evaluate remodeling of ventricular repolarization in connection with hemodynamic abnormalities and vulnerability of the heart ventricles to arrhythmias in RVH rats with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and heart failure. METHODS: PAH followed by heart failure was induced by monocrotaline in adult female Wistar rats...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533073/the-impact-of-sevoflurane-on-coupling-of-the-left-ventricular-to-systemic-vasculature-in-rats-with-chronic-pulmonary-hypertension
#19
Lu Wang, Hui Luo, Gang Qin, Yanan Cao, Xiaowei Gao, Zhong Zhang, Zhi Ye, Junjie Zhang, Qulian Guo, E Wang
OBJECTIVES: The relationship between left ventricular function and afterload has not been investigated as much as the right ventricular function under chronic pulmonary hypertension (PH) during anesthesia. This study was designed to investigate effects of sevoflurane on the intrinsic coupling relationship between the left ventricle and systemic vasculature in the presence of PH. DESIGN: A randomized, controlled study. SETTING: University hospital...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521513/astragalus-polysaccharides-attenuate-monocrotaline-induced-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-in-rats
#20
Lin-Bo Yuan, Chun-Yan Hua, Sheng Gao, Ya-Ling Yin, Mao Dai, Han-Yan Meng, Piao-Piao Li, Zhong-Xin Yang, Qing-Hua Hu
Astragalus polysaccharides (APS) have been shown to possess a variety of biological activities including anti-oxidant and anti-inflammation functions in a number of diseases. However, their function in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is still unknown. Rats received APS (200[Formula: see text]mg/kg once two days) for 2 weeks after being injected with monocrotaline (MCT; 60[Formula: see text]mg/kg). The pulmonary hemodynamic index, right ventricular hypertrophy, and lung morphological features of the rat models were examined, as well as the NO/eNOS ratio of wet lung and dry lung weight and MPO...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
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