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Kangaroo position

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619393/a-comparative-study-of-maternal-neonate-abdominal-and-kangaroo-skin-to-skin-skin-contact-immediately-after-birth-on-maternal-attachment-behaviors-up-to-2-months
#1
Mohadse Adeli, Maryam Aradmehr
BACKGROUND: Early skin-to-skin maternal-neonate contact during the 1st h following birth prepares both mother and baby to establish a two-way, interactive pattern of interaction. There are few studies on the use of kangaroo care method in term infants and maternal postpartum behavior. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to compare abdominal and kangaroo skin contact on maternal attachment behaviors. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This single-blind randomized clinical trial was performed on 68 eligible pregnant women in Torbat Heydariyeh in 2015...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568703/curious-creatures-a-multi-taxa-investigation-of-responses-to-novelty-in-a-zoo-environment
#2
Belinda A Hall, Vicky Melfi, Alicia Burns, David M McGill, Rebecca E Doyle
The personality trait of curiosity has been shown to increase welfare in humans. If this positive welfare effect is also true for non-humans, animals with high levels of curiosity may be able to cope better with stressful situations than their conspecifics. Before discoveries can be made regarding the effect of curiosity on an animal's ability to cope in their environment, a way of measuring curiosity across species in different environments must be created to standardise testing. To determine the suitability of novel objects in testing curiosity, species from different evolutionary backgrounds with sufficient sample sizes were chosen...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439876/identification-of-theileria-fuliginosa-like-species-in-ixodes-australiensis-ticks-from-western-grey-kangaroos-macropus-fuliginosus-in-western-australia
#3
Siew-May Loh, Andrea Paparini, Una Ryan, Peter Irwin, Charlotte Oskam
Piroplasms, including the genera Babesia and Theileria, are intra-erythrocytic protozoa that are generally transmitted by ticks and are the aetiological agents for piroplasmosis in animals, as well as humans, worldwide. In Australia, numerous studies have been conducted on piroplasms in domestic animals; however, less is known about these protozoa in ticks from native wildlife. The present study characterised piroplasms in Ixodes australiensis (n = 119) and Amblyomma triguttatum (n = 35) ticks collected from kangaroos in Western Australia (WA)...
February 8, 2018: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351422/body-mass-specific-na-k-atpase-activity-in-the-medullary-thick-ascending-limb-implications-for-species-dependent-urine-concentrating-mechanisms
#4
Mun Aw, Tamara M Armstrong, C Michele Nawata, Sarah N Bodine, Jeeeun J Oh, Guojun Wei, Kristen K Evans, Mohammad Shahidullah, Timo Rieg, Thomas L Pannabecker
In general, the mammalian whole body mass-specific metabolic rate correlates positively with maximal urine concentration (Umax ) irrespective of whether or not the species have adapted to arid or mesic habitat. Accordingly, we hypothesized that the thick ascending limb (TAL) of a rodent with markedly higher whole body mass-specific metabolism than rat exhibits a substantially higher TAL metabolic rate as estimated by Na+ -K+ -ATPase activity and Na+ -K+ -ATPase α1-gene and protein expression. The kangaroo rat inner stripe of the outer medulla exhibits significantly higher mean Na+ -K+ -ATPase activity (~70%) compared with two rat strains (Sprague-Dawley and Munich-Wistar), extending prior studies showing rat activity exceeds rabbit...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166190/comparison-of-various-kangaroo-mother-care-carriers-on-maternal-comfort-a-pilot-study
#5
Sholihatul Amaliya, Yeni Rustina, Nur Agustini
Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is an evidence-based approach that has been scientifically proven to have a positive effect on mothers and infants. One of the barriers to performing KMC at home is the absence of a special KMC carrier. The most widely used KMC carriers in Indonesia are kangaroo pouch, thari, wrap and traditional wraps in the form of a long strip of fabric. This study's aim was to compare the level of maternal comfort when performing KMC with three different KMC carriers. The study used crossover design involving 20 mothers with low birth weight (LBW) infants as responders, selected through a consecutive sampling method...
2017: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977331/relationship-between-the-use-of-kangaroo-position-on-preterm-babies-and-mother-child-interaction-upon-discharge
#6
Cynthia Ribeiro do Nascimento Nunes, Luís Gustavo Campos, Aline Moreira Lucena, Janser Moura Pereira, Patrícia Rodrigues da Costa, Flávia Aparecida Felipe de Lima, Vivian Mara Gonçalves de Oliveira Azevedo
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the influence of the Kangaroo Position duration in the initial interactions between mothers and preterm infants. METHODS: This is an exploratory prospective observational study that analyzed the mother-infant interaction during breastfeeding, before hospital discharge. All eligible newborns, with a gestational age of 28-32 weeks and a birth weight of 1,000-1,800 g from June 11 to September 31, 2014 were included. The films of the interaction were evaluated by the "Mother-Baby Interaction Protocol 0-6 months" tool...
April 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806735/molecular-characterization-and-multi-locus-genotypes-of-enterocytozoon-bieneusi-from-captive-red-kangaroos-macropus-rufus-in-jiangsu-province-china
#7
Zhijun Zhong, Yinan Tian, Yuan Song, Lei Deng, Junxian Li, Zhihua Ren, Xiaoping Ma, Xiaobin Gu, Changliang He, Yi Geng, Guangneng Peng
Enterocytozoon bieneusi is the most common pathogen of microsporidian species infecting humans worldwide. Although E. bieneusi has been found in a variety of animal hosts, information on the presence of E. bieneusi in captive kangaroos in China is limited. The present study was aimed at determining the occurrence and genetic diversity of E. bieneusi in captive kangaroos. A total of 61 fecal specimens (38 from red kangaroos and 23 from grey kangaroos) were collected from Nanjing Hongshan Forest Zoo and Hongshan Kangaroo Breeding Research Base, Jiangsu province, China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587492/digits-and-narratives-of-the-experience-of-italian-families-facing-premature-births
#8
Maria Giulia Marini, Paola Chesi, Martina Bruscagnin, Monica Ceccatelli, Elisabetta Ruzzon
The objective of the research was to understand the experience of families living a premature birth and to outline the current care plan in Italy. The survey was addressed to 150 parents of children born under the 34(th) week of pregnancy. Topics of the investigation were the implications on their family, social and working contexts, determined through a questionnaire enriched by a collection of narratives. Written testimonies were clustered through a Narrative Medicine method and matched with quantitative information...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481819/the-effects-of-kangaroo-care-on-the-sleep-and-wake-states-of-preterm-infants
#9
Farideh Bastani, Nahid Rajai, Zahra Farsi, Heidelise Als
BACKGROUND: Developing interventions that improve deep sleep and quit awake is important to improve the quality of care that is provided to preterm infants. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of kangaroo care and in-arms-holding on the sleep and wake states of preterm infants. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial design was employed in 2011-2012. Seventy-two stable preterm infants with gestational ages of 32-37 weeks and their mothers were recruited from the neonatal intensive care unit of Valiasr Hospital in Tehran, Iran...
June 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287756/early-expression-of-manual-lateralization-in-bipedal-marsupials
#10
Andrey Giljov, Karina Karenina, Janeane Ingram, Yegor Malashichev
Robust lateralization in forelimb use has recently been found in bipedal, but not quadrupedal, marsupial mammals. The link between bipedality and handedness, occurring in both marsupials and primates, remains to be investigated. To shed light on the developmental origins of marsupial manual lateralization, infants of macropod marsupials were examined before and shortly after the acquisition of habitual bipedal posture and locomotion. Forelimb preferences were assessed in natural, not artificially evoked, behaviors of infant red-necked wallaby in the wild and infant eastern gray kangaroo in free-ranging captivity...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Comparative Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274153/role-of-kangaroo-mother-care-in-growth-and-breast-feeding-rates-in-very-low-birth-weight-vlbw-neonates-a-systematic-review
#11
Deepak Sharma, Nazanin Farahbakhsh, Sweta Sharma, Pradeep Sharma, Akash Sharma
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of kangaroo mother care (KMC) on growth and breast feeding rates in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was done to identify eligible studies using various electronic database searches including PubMed and EMBASE, various Web of Science including Scopus, Index Copernicus, African Index Medicus (AIM), Thomson Reuters (ESCI), Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS), SCIWIN (Scientific World Index), Google Scholar, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Information System (LILACS), Index Medicus for the Eastern Mediterranean Region (IMEMR), Index Medicus for the South-East Asian Region (IMSEAR), and Western Pacific Region Index Medicus (WPRIM) and various clinical trial registries...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256552/the-beaver-s-phylogenetic-lineage-illuminated-by-retroposon-reads
#12
Liliya Doronina, Andreas Matzke, Gennady Churakov, Monika Stoll, Andreas Huge, Jürgen Schmitz
Solving problematic phylogenetic relationships often requires high quality genome data. However, for many organisms such data are still not available. Among rodents, the phylogenetic position of the beaver has always attracted special interest. The arrangement of the beaver's masseter (jaw-closer) muscle once suggested a strong affinity to some sciurid rodents (e.g., squirrels), placing them in the Sciuromorpha suborder. Modern molecular data, however, suggested a closer relationship of beaver to the representatives of the mouse-related clade, but significant data from virtually homoplasy-free markers (for example retroposon insertions) for the exact position of the beaver have not been available...
March 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224883/seroprevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-in-zoo-and-domestic-animals-in-jiangxi-province-china
#13
Houqiang Luo, Kun Li, Hui Zhang, Ping Gan, Muhammad Shahzad, Xiaoxing Wu, Yanfang Lan, Jiaxiang Wang
Toxoplasma gondii is a zoonotic protozoan parasite that infects a wide range of warm-blooded animals throughout the world. In the present study, antibodies to T. gondii were determined using a commercial indirect hemagglutination (IHA) test in wild animals in a zoo. Three of 11 giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis) (27%), 1 of 5 wolves (Canis lupus laniger) (20%), 1 of 6 hippopotamuses (Hippopotamus amphibious) (17%), and 2 of 9 tundra swans (Cygnus columbianus) (22%) were found to be positive. No antibodies were detected in leopards (Panthera pardus), wild geese (Anser cygnoides), and Eastern grey kangaroos (Macropus giganteus)...
2017: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078555/control-blindness-why-people-can-make-incorrect-inferences-about-the-intentions-of-others
#14
Andrew B S Willett, Richard S Marken, Maximilian G Parker, Warren Mansell
There is limited evidence regarding the accuracy of inferences about intention. The research described in this article shows how perceptual control theory (PCT) can provide a "ground truth" for these judgments. In a series of 3 studies, participants were asked to identify a person's intention in a tracking task where the person's true intention was to control the position of a knot connecting a pair of rubber bands. Most participants failed to correctly infer the person's intention, instead inferring complex but nonexistent goals (such as "tracing out two kangaroos boxing") based on the actions taken to keep the knot under control...
April 2017: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045886/the-effects-of-kangaroo-care-on-the-sleep-and-wake-states-of-preterm-infants
#15
Farideh Bastani, Nahid Rajai, Zahra Farsi, Heidelise Als
BACKGROUND: Developing interventions that improve deep sleep and quit awake is important to improve the quality of care that is provided to preterm infants. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of kangaroo care and in-arms-holding on the sleep and wake states of preterm infants. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial design was employed in 2011-2012. Seventy-two stable preterm infants with gestational ages of 32-37 weeks and their mothers were recruited from the neonatal intensive care unit of Valiasr Hospital in Tehran, Iran...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009335/influence-of-maternal-factors-on%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-successful-outcome-of-kangaroo-mother-care-in-low-birth-weight-infants-a%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
S N Lumbanraja
BACKGROUND: Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is associated with positive neonatal outcomes. Studies demonstrated significant influence of maternal factors on the success of applying KMC. AIM: To determine maternal factors that influence on anthropometric parameters in low birth weight babies that received kangaroo mother care. METHODS: This is a randomized controlled study that involved low birth weight newborns. We randomly assigned newborns into two groups; a group who received KMC and a group who received conventional care...
2016: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973572/zoonotic-cryptosporidium-species-in-animals-inhabiting-sydney-water-catchments
#17
Alireza Zahedi, Paul Monis, Sarah Aucote, Brendon King, Andrea Paparini, Fuchun Jian, Rongchang Yang, Charlotte Oskam, Andrew Ball, Ian Robertson, Una Ryan
Cryptosporidium is one of the most common zoonotic waterborne parasitic diseases worldwide and represents a major public health concern of water utilities in developed nations. As animals in catchments can shed human-infectious Cryptosporidium oocysts, determining the potential role of animals in dissemination of zoonotic Cryptosporidium to drinking water sources is crucial. In the present study, a total of 952 animal faecal samples from four dominant species (kangaroos, rabbits, cattle and sheep) inhabiting Sydney's drinking water catchments were screened for the presence of Cryptosporidium using a quantitative PCR (qPCR) and positives sequenced at multiple loci...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889916/precipitation-alters-interactions-in-a-grassland-ecological-community
#18
Nicolas Deguines, Justin S Brashares, Laura R Prugh
Climate change is transforming precipitation regimes world-wide. Changes in precipitation regimes are known to have powerful effects on plant productivity, but the consequences of these shifts for the dynamics of ecological communities are poorly understood. This knowledge gap hinders our ability to anticipate and mitigate the impacts of climate change on biodiversity. Precipitation may affect fauna through direct effects on physiology, behaviour or demography, through plant-mediated indirect effects, or by modifying interactions among species...
March 2017: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765653/latin-american-clinical-epidemiology-network-series-paper-9-the-kangaroo-mother-care-method-from-scientific-evidence-generated-in-colombia-to-worldwide-practice
#19
REVIEW
Nathalie Charpak, Juan Gabriel Ruiz
Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) is a human-based care intervention devised to complement neonatal care for low birth weight and premature infants. Kangaroo position (skin-to-skin contact on the mother's chest) offers thermal regulation, physiological stability, appropriate stimulation, and enhances bonding and breastfeeding. Kangaroo nutrition is based on breastfeeding, and kangaroo discharge policy relies on family empowerment and early discharge in kangaroo position with close ambulatory follow-up. We describe how the evidence has been developed and how it has been put into practice by means of direct preterm infants care and dissemination of the method, including training of KMC excellence centers in many countries not only in Latin America but worldwide...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763631/enhancing-sensory-experiences-for-very-preterm-infants-in-the-nicu-an-integrative-review
#20
R Pineda, R Guth, A Herring, L Reynolds, S Oberle, J Smith
OBJECTIVE: Very preterm infants hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) experience alterations in sensory experiences. Defining types, timing and frequency of sensory-based interventions that optimize outcomes can inform environmental modifications. The objective of this study was to conduct an integrative review on sensory-based interventions used with very preterm infants in the NICU to improve infant and parent outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: The data sources include MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane Library and Google Scholar...
April 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
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