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Sleep obstructive apnea syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921319/critical-evaluation-of-the-overactive-bladder-and-urgency-urinary-incontinence-association-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-in-a-relatively-young-adult-male-population
#1
Murat Tuncer, Ozgur Yazici, Alper Kafkasli, Kubilay Sabuncu, Banu Salepci, Fehmi Narter, Gulten A Gungor, Ugur Yucetas
AIMS: To evaluate the prevalence of Overactive Bladder (OAB) and Urgency Urinary Incontinence (UUI) in males with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) using the OSAS grading system. METHODS: A total of 194 patients who underwent Polysomnography (PSG) were included in our prospective cross sectional study. Patients were divided into four groups according to Apnea-Hypopnea Index (AHI). Group 1, 35 patients with normal AHI (<5) as a control group; Group 2, 47 patients with mild OSAS (AHI ≥5 and <15); Group 3, 51 patients with moderate OSAS (AHI ≥15 and <30); Group 4, 61 patients with severe OSAS (AHI ≥30)...
December 6, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917446/adenotonsillectomy-outcomes-regarding-bone-age-and-osteocalcin-in-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-in-children
#2
Qing-Biao Zhang, Yin-Feng Li, Ming-Xiu Li, Ling-Yu Kong, Liang-Fu Jiang, Hui-Wei Feng, Xian-Liang Fan
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effect of adenotonsillectomy (AT) on bone development, quality of life and polysomnography evaluation in children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA). METHODS: Preoperative and postoperative (6 months) physical examination, PSG, bone age (BA) and osteocalcin (OC) evaluation were performed on the selected OSA children (n=92) and the healthy children (n=87). The OSA children were also scored based on the OSA 18-item questionnaire...
December 5, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916079/-role-and-mechanism-of-th17-treg-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#3
Y Liu, Y C Gu, Y Tang, X L Lü, H Chen, Q Z Wu
Objective: To explore the role and the mechanism of Th17/Treg in obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). Methods: A total of 100 patients who completed polysomnography (PSG) in the sleep lab of Affiliated Wujiang Hospital of Nantong University from Mar. 2015 to Apr. 2016 were enrolled and divided into four groups (primary snoring as the control group, mild OSAHS, moderate OSAHS and severe OSAHS) according apnea hypopnea index (AHI). The proportion of Th17, Treg (of CD4(+) T cells) and the expression of interleukin (IL)-17A, IL-6 were detected and the relevant data were analyzed by the correlation analysis and the multiple stepwise regression analysis...
November 29, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916076/-daytime-hypercapnia-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-in-han-and-uygur-nationality
#4
Z M He, X L Jiang, Piliqing Da, Z Ye, J P Li, Q L Zhang, Y Chen, J Shi, M Li, F Han
Objective: To evaluate the incidence and factors related to daytime hypercapnia in Han and Uygur patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). Methods: There were 221 patients with OSAHS (include 179 Han patients and 42 Uygur patients) in Sleep Center of Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine of Karamay Central Hospital from 2015, Jan to Dec. All the patients underwent polysomnography (PSG), nocturnal oximetry, daytime blood gas analysis, pulmonary function test and Mouth occlusion pressure (P0...
November 29, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913971/myofunctional-therapy-improves-adherence-to-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-treatment
#5
Giovana Diaféria, Rogerio Santos-Silva, Eveli Truksinas, Fernanda L M Haddad, Renata Santos, Silvana Bommarito, Luiz C Gregório, Sergio Tufik, Lia Bittencourt
PURPOSE: Few studies have investigated myofunctional therapy in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of myofunctional therapy on continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) adherence. METHODS: The study was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01289405). Male patients with OSAS were randomly divided into four treatment groups: placebo, patients undergoing placebo myofunctional therapy (N = 24); myofunctional therapy, undergoing myofunctional therapy (N = 27); CPAP, undergoing treatment with CPAP (N = 27); and combined, undergoing CPAP therapy and myofunctional therapy (N = 22)...
December 2, 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909886/automatic-snoring-sounds-detection-from-sleep-sounds-via-multi-features-analysis
#6
Can Wang, Jianxin Peng, Lijuan Song, Xiaowen Zhang
Obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a serious respiratory disorder. Snoring is the most intuitively characteristic symptom of OSAHS. Recently, many studies have attempted to develop snore analysis technology for diagnosing OSAHS. The preliminary and essential step in such diagnosis is to automatically segment snoring sounds from original sleep sounds. This study presents an automatic snoring detection algorithm that detects potential snoring episodes using an adaptive effective-value threshold method, linear and nonlinear feature extraction using maximum power ratio, sum of positive/negative amplitudes, 500 Hz power ratio, spectral entropy (SE) and sample entropy (SampEn), and automatic snore/nonsnore classification using a support vector machine...
December 1, 2016: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909457/the-severity-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-induces-different-decrease-in-the-oxygen-saturation-during-rapid-eye-movement-and-non-rapid-eye-movement-sleep
#7
Eunkyung Choi, Doo-Heum Park, Jae-Hak Yu, Seung-Ho Ryu, Ji-Hyeon Ha
OBJECTIVE: To investigate how differences in oxygen saturation between non-REM (NREM) and REM sleep in patients according to the severity of sleep apnea. METHODS: We studied 396 male patients diagnosed with simple snoring or obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) on nocturnal polysomnography. Patients were divided into groups by the OSAS severity. We compared the average oxygen saturation between REM and NREM sleep in each group. RESULTS: In the simple snoring group, average oxygen saturation was significantly greater during REM than during NREM sleep...
November 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908527/-historical-review-on-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children
#8
Y H Chien, C Guilleminault
An historical review on the discoveries on pediatric obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and sleep-disordered breathing is outlined. Starting with the description by Dickens of "Joe" the obese, snoring and sleepy individual, the authors trace more than 50 years of questions and research starting with the lean adult to the child and from the recognition of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome to the outline of upper-airway resistance syndrome. The pathophysiological knowledge on sleep-disordered breathing has evolved over time, as have treatment approaches in children, from tracheostomy to positive-airway-pressure therapy, to adenotonsillectomy with and without orthodontic treatments to oral-facial myofunctional therapy...
November 28, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906721/preoperative-evaluation-and-preparation-of-the-morbidly-obese-patient
#9
Andreas B Böhmer, Frank Wappler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to familiarize with the most current findings regarding preoperative evaluation and preparation of morbidly obese patients prior to elective, noncardiac surgery. In the light of the increasing number of surgical patients being morbidly obese, the knowledge of evidence-based preoperative evaluation strategies is profound for a rational approach. RECENT FINDINGS: Preoperative evaluation should be carried out with sufficient time before the day of surgery to allow modification of the perioperative management...
November 30, 2016: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906717/spectrum-of-postoperative-complications-in-pulmonary-hypertension-and-obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome
#10
Roop K Kaw
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to identify chronic pulmonary conditions which may often not be recognized preoperatively especially before elective noncardiac surgery and which carry the highest risk of perioperative morbidity and mortality. RECENT FINDINGS: This review discusses some of the most recent studies that highlight the perioperative complications, and their prevention and management strategies. SUMMARY: Pulmonary hypertension is a well recognized risk factor for postoperative complications after cardiac surgery but the literature surrounding noncardiac surgery is sparse...
November 30, 2016: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904537/diagnosis-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-in-adults-a-brief-review-of-existing-data-for-practice-in-iran
#11
REVIEW
Moein Foroughi, Hossein Razavi, Majid Malekmohammad, Parisa Adimi Naghan, Hamidreza Jamaati
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disorder associated with major comorbidities. It is estimated that 5-35% of the adult population in Iran are at high risk for OSA. This review article is designed to assist sleep medicine specialists as well as general practitioners in Iran to screen for OSA. It summarizes empirical data for diagnosing OSA including history taking, physical examination, diagnostic testing, and diagnostic criteria with regards to existing sleep medicine centers and availability of diagnostic tests in Iran...
2016: Tanaffos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896929/impact-of-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-on-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-without-metabolic-syndrome
#12
Ya-Ting Chang, Hsin-Ching Lin, Wen-Neng Chang, Nai-Wen Tsai, Chih-Cheng Huang, Hung-Chen Wang, Chia-Te Kung, Yu-Jih Su, Wei-Che Lin, Ben-Chung Cheng, Chih-Min Su, Ting-Yao Chen, Yi-Fang Chiang, Cheng-Hsien Lu
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases, and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) is a good indicator of the severity of atherosclerotic disease. This study tested the hypothesis that inflammation and oxidative stress determined carotid IMT in patients with OSA. The carotid IMT, mean systolic and diastolic pressure (night and morning) were significantly higher and the level of thiols and high-density lipoprotein were significantly lower in our 121 OSA patients than in 27 controls (P < 0...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888992/il-17-protein-levels-in-both-induced-sputum-and-plasma-are-increased-in-stable-but-not-acute-asthma-individuals-with-obesity
#13
Jian-Hui Chen, Ling Qin, Ying-Ying Shi, Jun-Tao Feng, Yu-Long Zheng, Yu-Feng Wan, Chuan-Qin Xu, Xiao-Mei Yang, Cheng-Ping Hu
BACKGROUND: Obesity worsens asthma control partly through enhanced airway neutrophilia, altered lung mechanics and comorbidities, including obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, gastroesophageal reflux disease and depression. Although controversial, obesity may also cause poorer outcomes in acute asthma. IL-17 is associated with neutrophilic inflammation, steroid resistance and severe asthma, but its importance in the association between asthma and obesity is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of IL-17 in obese asthma in both acute and stable settings...
December 2016: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888822/long-term-results-of-pillar-implant-procedure
#14
Ela Araz Server, Zeynep Alkan, Özgür Yiğit, Ahmet Görkem Yasak
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the long-term efficiency and reliability of the Pillar Implant (PI) procedure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2008 and January 2010, a total of 27 patients (16 males, 11 females; mean age 45.8±7.2 years; range 31 to 58 years) who were diagnosed with low obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and simple snoring underwent the PI procedure in this retrospective, nonrandomized study. The patients were evaluated preoperatively with visual analog scale (VAS) scores in terms of snoring, dysphagia, mouth dryness, foreign body sensation, and pain at the first month, third month, and sixth year intervals...
September 2016: Kulak Burun Boğaz Ihtisas Dergisi: KBB, Journal of Ear, Nose, and Throat
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886849/prevalence-and-burden-of-comorbidities-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#15
REVIEW
Alexandru Corlateanu, Serghei Covantev, Alexander G Mathioudakis, Victor Botnaru, Nikolaos Siafakas
The classical definition of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) as a lung condition characterized by irreversible airway obstruction is outdated. The systemic involvement in patients with COPD, as well as the interactions between COPD and its comorbidities, justify the description of chronic systemic inflammatory syndrome. The pathogenesis of COPD is closely linked with aging, as well as with cardiovascular, endocrine, musculoskeletal, renal, and gastrointestinal pathologies, decreasing the quality of life of patients with COPD and, furthermore, complicating the management of the disease...
November 2016: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884534/-why-is-a-special-issue-on-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-in-children-necessary
#16
P Franco, T Seailles, M F Vecchierini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882500/heart-rate-acceleration-runs-and-deceleration-runs-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#17
Jie Jiang, Xue Chen, Cheng Zhang, Guangfa Wang, Jing Fang, Jing Ma, Jue Zhang
PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore the patterns of heart rate acceleration runs and deceleration runs in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and to investigate the influence of apnea events on this pattern. METHODS: The 6-h electrocardiography results of patients who were referred for overnight polysomnography were retrospectively analyzed. The frequencies of heart rate acceleration runs and deceleration runs of different lengths were calculated for each patient and compared among patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome of varying degrees of severity, between patients with obstructive sleep apnea on and off continuous positive airway pressure, and between two matched groups of patients with idiopathic central sleep apnea and obstructive sleep apnea...
November 23, 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879596/sleep-architecture-linked-to-airway-obstruction-and-intracranial-hypertension-in-children-with-syndromic-craniosynostosis
#18
Bart Spruijt, Irene M J Mathijssen, Hansje H Bredero-Boelhouwer, Perumpillichira J Cherian, Linda J A Corel, Marie-Lise van Veelen, Richard D Hayward, Robert C Tasker, Koen F M Joosten
BACKGROUND: Children with syndromic craniosynostosis often have obstructive sleep apnea and intracranial hypertension. The authors aimed to evaluate (1) sleep architecture, and determine whether this is influenced by the presence of obstructive sleep apnea and/or intracranial hypertension; and (2) the effect of treatment on sleep architecture. METHODS: This study included patients with syndromic craniosynostosis treated at a national referral center, undergoing screening for obstructive sleep apnea and intracranial hypertension...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876406/adenotonsillectomy-can-decrease-enuresis-and-sympathetic-nervous-activity-in-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#19
Hao Ding, Mengmei Wang, Ke Hu, Jing Kang, Si Tang, Wen Lu, Lifang Xu
BACKGROUND: The nocturnal intermittent hypoxia caused by obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) can provoke the sympathetic nervous activity (SNA). Salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) is a sensitive, non-invasive biomarker for reflecting the SNA, and a useful marker for pediatric OSAS subjects. Adenotonsillar hypertrophy (ATH) is the most commonly identified risk factor in OSAS childhood, therefore, several studies showed that the adenotonsillectomy (T&A) may alleviate nocturnal enuresis (NE) in children with OSAS...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872798/factors-affecting-executive-functions-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-and-volumetric-changes-in-the-prefrontal-cortex
#20
Zahide Yılmaz, Nuray Voyvoda, Eda İnan, Pınar Bekdik Şirinocak, Rabia Terzi
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is associated with cognitive changes and executive functions are among the cognitive domains most affected. However, it is not completely understood which of the factor(s) among hypoxemia, repeated arousal, and sleepiness affect the executive functions. This study aims to evaluate the possible relationship between the executive functions and nocturnal parameters, Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) scores, and prefrontal cortex (PFC) volumes...
2016: SpringerPlus
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