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Sleep obstructive apnea syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209420/-importance-of-the-emotional-dimension-when-providing-information-to-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#1
J Bros, C Poulet, C Deschaux, M Charavel
INTRODUCTION: To promote adaptation to treatment with continuous positive airway pressure, an information document was developed for people starting their treatment with continuous positive airway pressure. METHODS: Seven patients with obstructive sleep apnea took part in a focus group. This allowed the identification both of useful information and the best way that this information could be presented. RESULTS: The key specific information objectives and the best emotional register to use were as follows: (1) develop awareness about the physiological mechanisms and consequences that can occur from obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, using formulations arousing fear, (2) enable the recognition of the symptoms, risk factors and chronicity of this syndrome, (3) reassure and motivate the patient about treatment with continuous positive airway pressure...
February 13, 2017: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207497/concurrent-presence-of-inflammation-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-exacerbates-the-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-a-koges-6-year-follow-up-study
#2
Jinkwan Kim, Dae Wui Yoon, Seung Ku Lee, Seunggwan Lee, Kyung-Mee Choi, Thomas J Robert, Chol Shin
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) leads to multiple end-organ morbidities that are mediated by the cumulative burden of oxidative stress and inflammation. Both OSA and inflammation play key roles in increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Thus, we hypothesized that the combination of inflammation and OSA could accelerate the development of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a large cohort study.A total of 1835 participants were randomly selected from the ongoing Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study for the years between 2007 and 2015...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203016/-efficacy-of-oral-appliance-therapy-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-hypopnea-syndrome-in-different-periods-of-treatment
#3
X Gong, Y Zhao, W R Li, X M Gao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the long-term efficacy of oral appliance treating of obstructive sleep apnea and hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) in different periods of treatment. METHODS: A total of 55 patients were included in the study. Patients were all diagnosed with OSAHS by overnight polysomnography and all received oral appliance (OA) as the therapy. The OA positioned the mandible at 60%-70% of the maximal mandible advancement position and created a 4-5 mm incisor separation...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198643/the-role-of-curvilinear-distraction-system-in-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-case-report
#4
David Serrano Faustino Ângelo, Bruno Rosa, Rogério Santos, Carlos Diogo Matos
OBJECTIVE: The authors present a case of obstructive sleep apnea associated with severe mandibular micrognathia treated by mandibular bone distraction with curvilinear system planned under computer assistance. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 15-year-old child with limited compliance to continuous positive airway therapy was referred to the authors' department. Observation revealed severe mandibular micrognathia as the major cause for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. The first polysomnography study revealed 14 obstructive apneas, 16 obstructive hypopneas, and 4...
February 15, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196476/automatic-mri-segmentation-of-para-pharyngeal-fat-pads-using-interactive-visual-feature-space-analysis-for-classification
#5
Muhammad Laiq Ur Rahman Shahid, Teodora Chitiboi, Tetyana Ivanovska, Vladimir Molchanov, Henry Völzke, Lars Linsen
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a public health problem. Detailed analysis of the para-pharyngeal fat pads can help us to understand the pathogenesis of OSA and may mediate the intervention of this sleeping disorder. A reliable and automatic para-pharyngeal fat pads segmentation technique plays a vital role in investigating larger data bases to identify the anatomic risk factors for the OSA. METHODS: Our research aims to develop a context-based automatic segmentation algorithm to delineate the fat pads from magnetic resonance images in a population-based study...
February 14, 2017: BMC Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195837/the-effect-of-atomoxetin-use-in-the-treatment-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-on-the-symptoms-of-restless-legs-syndrome-a-case-report
#6
Saliha Baykal, Melih Nuri Karakurt
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is frequently accompanied with sleep disorders such as obstructive sleep apnea, periodic limb movement disorder, restless legs syndrome (RLS), and circadian rhythm disorder. We have limited information about the effects of medical therapies used in the treatment of ADHD on RLS. This article discusses the effects of atomoxetine treatment on both disorders in a patient followed by diagnoses of ADHD and RLS.
February 13, 2017: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194410/acute-feasibility-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-in-severely-obese-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-a-pilot-study
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Isabelle Vivodtzev, Nicola A Maffiuletti, Anne-Laure Borel, Angélique Grangier, Bernard Wuyam, Renaud Tamisier, Jean-Louis Pépin
Objective. Obesity and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are closely interconnected conditions both leading to high cardiovascular risk. Inactivity is frequent and physical activity programs remain difficult in these patients. We investigated the acute feasibility of two neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) modalities in extremely inactive obese patients with OSA. Design. A randomized cross-over study, with two experimental sessions (one per condition: multipath NMES versus conventional NMES). Setting. Outpatient research hospital...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187003/tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-is-a-promising-circulating-biomarker-for-the-development-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-a-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Qingsheng Li, Xin Zheng
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a chronic inflammatory disorder. The relationship between tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and OSAS has been widely evaluated, but the results thus far remain inconclusive. We thereby decided to quantify the changes of TNF-alpha between OSAS patients and controls by a meta-analysis. This study complies with the MOOSE guidelines. Two reviewers independently searched articles and abstracted relevant data. In total, 47 articles (59 studies) were analyzed, including 2857 OSAS patients and 2115 controls...
February 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186828/is-the-muscle-the-only-potential-target-of-desipramine-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#9
Dany Jaffuel, Jean-Pierre Mallet, Yves Dauvilliers, Arnaud Bourdin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185010/evaluation-of-effects-of-anterior-palatoplasty-operation-on-upper-airway-parameters-in-computed-tomography-in-patients-with-pure-snoring-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#10
Adin Selcuk, Tulay Ozer, Erkan Esen, Fatih Ozdogan, Halil Erdem Ozel, Turgut Yuce, Sebla Caliskan, Sinem Dasli, Nagihan Bilal, Gulden Genc, Selahattin Genc
AIM: To investigate changes in upper airway volume parameters measured by computerized tomography scans in patients with surgically treated by anterior palatoplasty of whom having pure snoring and mild-moderate obstructive sleep apnea. METHOD: A prospective study on consecutively anterior palatoplasty performed pure snoring and obstructive sleep apnea patients. Computerized tomography scans were obtained preoperatively and following anterior palatoplasty procedure to measure changes in upper airway volume...
February 9, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181212/prevalence-and-characteristic-of-osafed-syndrome-in-atrial-fibrillation-primary-care-patients
#11
Jacek Wolf, Tadeusz Dereziński, Anna Szyndler, Krzysztof Narkiewicz
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) constitutes the most prevalent arrhythmia affecting up-to 2% percent of general population. Apart from well-established risk factors which increase the odds for the development of AF e.g. age or arterial hypertension, recent analyses indicated that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may independently, negatively modify arrhythmia occurrence profile. Concurrently, erectile dysfunction (ED) is commonly neglected, potent marker of cardiovascular risk which considerably worsens men's psychological state...
February 9, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169194/gln223arg-polymorphism-in-the-caucasian-population-and-pro1019pro-polymorphism-in-the-chinese-population-are-risk-factors-for-osas-an-updated-meta-analysis-of-1159-subjects
#12
B Xu, J Liu, T Li, S Liu
BACKGROUND: We conducted a meta-analysis of published literature to identify the correlation between leptin receptor gene polymorphisms and the risk of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). METHODS: Five different single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were studied. Only Gln223Arg and Pro1019Pro had multiple studies. Nine studies focused on the correlation between Gln223Arg and Pro1019Pro polymorphisms and OSAS risk. Fixed-effects model or random-effects model was used to calculate the pooled odds ratio (ORs) and its corresponding 95% confidence interval (95% CI)...
February 3, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169105/current-evidence-on-prevalence-and-clinical-outcomes-of-co-morbid-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Md Shajedur R Shawon, Jennifer L Perret, Chamara V Senaratna, Caroline Lodge, Garun S Hamilton, Shyamali C Dharmage
The objective of this systematic review is to synthesize the evidence on prevalence, polysomnographic findings and clinical outcomes of co-morbid obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) - known as the "overlap syndrome". We systematically searched PubMed on 1 December 2015 using appropriate medical subject headings (MeSH) and text words to capture prevalence studies and comparative studies of any observational design examining the clinical outcomes in patients with co-existent COPD and OSA...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159090/management-of-sleep-apnea-syndromes-in-heart-failure
#14
REVIEW
Bernardo J Selim, Kannan Ramar
Central sleep apnea (CSA) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are prevalent in heart failure (HF) and associated with a worse prognosis. Nocturnal oxygen therapy may decrease CSA events, sympathetic tone, and improve left ventricular ejection fraction, although mortality benefit is unknown. Although treatment of OSA in patients with HF is recommended, therapy for CSA remains controversial. Continuous positive airway pressure use in HF-CSA may improve respiratory events, hemodynamics, and exercise capacity, but not mortality...
March 2017: Sleep Medicine Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154583/renal-denervation-for-chronic-heart-failure-background-and-pathophysiological-rationale
#15
REVIEW
Michael Böhm, Sebastian Ewen, Felix Mahfoud
The activation of the sympathetic nervous system is associated with cardiovascular hospitalizations and death in heart failure. Renal denervation has been shown to effectively reduce sympathetic overdrive in certain patients with uncontrolled hypertension. Pilot trials investigating renal denervation as a potential treatment approach for heart failure were initiated. Heart failure comorbidities like obstructive sleep apnea, metabolic syndrome and arrhythmias could also be targets for renal denervation, because these occurrences are also mediated by the activation of the sympathetic nervous system...
January 2017: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153627/hematological-evaluation-in-males-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-before-and-after-positive-airway-pressure
#16
A Feliciano, R Linhas, R Marçôa, A Cysneiros, C Martinho, R P Reis, D Penque, P Pinto, C Bárbara
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a systemic inflammatory disease associated with cardiovascular consequences. Red blood cell distribution width (RDW), mean platelet volume (MPV), and platelet distribution width (PDW) are recognized biomarkers of cardiovascular morbidity/mortality. Limited data is available on the association between these parameters and OSAS severity and the relationship with positive airway pressure therapy (PAP). In this prospective study of male OSAS patients we analyzed hematological data in order to evaluate their value in predicting OSAS severity, the relationship with sleep parameters, and their behavior under PAP...
January 30, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153217/nocturnal-heart-rate-variation-in-diabetic-and-non-diabetic-patients%C3%A2-with-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#17
Babak Amra, Mohaddeseh Behjati, Thomas Penzel, Ingo Fietze, Christoph Schoebel, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
OBJECTIVES: Heart rate variability (HRV) analysis is used for the evaluation of autonomic function in the cardiovascular system. Decreased HRV is associated with disorders affecting the autonomous system such as diabetes mellitus (DM) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Previous studies have shown an association between OSA and DM. However, the interrelationships of HRV with OSA and DM are not well known. The aim of this study was to assess nocturnal HRV in patients who suffered from OSA with and without DM...
January 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150280/galectin-3-is-associated-with-coronary-plaque-burden-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-severity
#18
Hamdi Pusuroglu, Umut Somuncu, Ismail Bolat, Ozgur Akgul, Vesile Ornek, Hayriye Ak Yıldırım, Emre Akkaya, Huseyin Karakurt, Aydın Yıldırım, Ayfer Utku Savaş
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is reported to be associated with hypertension, coronary artery disease, atrial fibrillation, and heart failure. Galectin-3 plays an important role in the regulation of inflammation, development of cardiac fibrosis and remodeling. A significant relationship between galectin-3 and the total number of coronary plaques and the macrocalcified plaque structures of patients with type 2 DM has been reported. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between galectin-3 level and coronary plaque burden as well as OSAS severity in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome...
February 2, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149928/evening-and-morning-alterations-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-red-blood-cell-proteome
#19
Amélia Feliciano, Fátima Vaz, Cristina Valentim-Coelho, Vukosava M Torres, Rita Silva, Vesna Prosinecki, Bruno M Alexandre, Andreia Almeida, Catarina Almeida-Marques, Ana S Carvalho, Rune Matthiesen, Atul Malhotra, Paula Pinto, Cristina Bárbara, Deborah Penque
This article presents proteomics data referenced in [1] Using proteomics-based evaluation of red blood cells (RBCs), we have identified differentially abundant proteins associated with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSA). RBCs were collected from peripheral blood of patients with moderate/severe OSA or snoring at pre- (evening) and post-night (morning) polysomnography, so that proteome variations between these time points could be assessed. RBC cytoplasmic fraction depleted of hemoglobin, using Hemovoid(™) system, were analyzed by two-dimensional fluorescence difference gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE), the 2D image software-based analyzed and relevant differentially abundant proteins identified by mass spectrometry (MS)...
April 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146212/impact-of-high-risk-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-on-survival-after-acute-coronary-syndrome-insights-from-the-erico-registry
#20
Flavia C Maia, Alessandra C Goulart, Luciano F Drager, Henrique L Staniak, Itamar de Souza Santos, Paulo Andrade Lotufo, Isabela M Bensenor
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a very often clinical condition that can be associated with high mortality risk, particularly in coronary heart disease (CHD). The diagnosis of OSA is not always accessible via the gold-standard method polysomnography. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate long-term influence of the high risk for OSA on fatal and non-fatal outcomes after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in the Acute Coronary Syndrome Registry Strategy (ERICO) Study using the Berlin questionnaire as a surrogate...
January 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
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