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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775466/perception-of-aesthetics-and-personality-traits-in-orthognathic-surgery-patients-a-comparison-of-still-and-moving-images
#1
Klaus Sinko, Ulrich S Tran, Arno Wutzl, Rudolf Seemann, Gabriele Millesi, Reinhold Jagsch
It is common in practicing orthognathic surgery to evaluate faces with retruded or protruded chins (dysgnathic faces) using photographs. Because motion may alter how the face is perceived, we investigated the perception of faces presented via photographs and videos. Two hundred naïve raters (lay persons, without maxillo facial surgery background) evaluated 12 subjects with varying chin anatomy [so-called skeletal Class I (normal chin), Class II (retruded chin), and Class III (protruded chin)]. Starting from eight traits, with Factor analysis we found a two-Factor solution, i...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775089/detection-of-perimacular-red-dots-and-blots-when-screening-for-diabetic-retinopathy-refer-or-not-refer
#2
Anatolie Baltatescu, Elio Striglia, Marina Trento, Aurora Mazzeo, Franco Cavallo, Lorena Charrier, Massimo Porta
PURPOSE: Detection of microaneurysms and/or microhaemorrhages near the fovea when screening for diabetic retinopathy poses a problem because referral to retinal specialists may alarm patients and unnecessarily burden ophthalmologists. METHODS: Six-month prospective study of patients found to have minimal red lesions within one disc diameter of the fovea when screened for diabetic retinopathy. Two 45° digital photographs, one centred on the macula and the other nasal including the optic disc, were taken for each eye...
May 1, 2018: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775000/-the-treatment-efficiency-of-a-new-ear-moding-device-in-the-infants-with-congenital-ear-abnormalities
#3
P W Chen, J Li, S Q Zhao, J S Yang, J M Dou, C Y Wei
Objective: To observe the nonsurgical treatment effciency of a new ear moding device on congenital auricle deformities in order to promote clinical application. Method: Twenty-nine patients (38 ears) from Beijing Tongren Hospital Outpatient received ear molding treatment using the EarWell Infant Ear Correction System. We keep regular follow-up and close observation during the moding period. The treatment effciency was judged by the otologist, plastic surgeons and parents based on the preprocedure and postprocedure photographs and divided into 3 grades: excellent, good and poor...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774961/influence-of-caudal-epidural-analgesia-on-cortisol-concentrations-and-pain-related-behavioral-responses-in-mares-during-and-after-ovariectomy-via-colpotomy
#4
Aileen L Rowland, Kati G Glass, Sicilia T Grady, Kevin J Cummings, Katrin Hinrichs, Ashlee E Watts
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of epidural detomidine and morphine on serum corticosteroid concentrations and pain-related behavioral responses in mares during and after ovariectomy via colpotomy. STUDY DESIGN: Blinded prospective study. ANIMALS: Nine university-owned mares. METHODS: Five of 9 horses received caudal epidural detomidine hydrochloride (0.01 mg/kg) and morphine sulfate (0.1 mg/kg) prior to surgery...
May 18, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774953/dermoscopic-patterns-of-filiform-papillae-of-the-tongue-in-patients-with-and-without-connective-tissue-autoimmune-diseases
#5
José Manuel Díaz-González, María E Vega-Memije, Adalberto Mosqueda-Taylor, Víctor Noé García-Edgar, Juan Carlos Cuevas-González
BACKGROUND: Connective tissue autoimmune diseases (CTADs) constitute a group of conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis; systemic lupus erythematosus; mixed connective tissue disease; calcinosis, Raynaud's phenomenon, esophageal dysmotility, sclerodactyly, and telangiectasia (CREST) syndrome; scleroderma; dermatomyositis; and Sjögren syndrome. There are few studies on the alterations in filiform papillae in CTAD. Thus, the objective of this work was to determine whether there are changes in the macroscopic and dermoscopic patterns of filiform papillae...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774642/micropunch-blepharopeeling-versus-blepharoplasty-what-is-the-best-procedure-for-upper-eyelid-rejuvenation
#6
Ali Asilian, Behzad Bafandeh, Zabihollah Shahmoradi, Gita Faghihi, Anis Bostakian, Samaneh Mozafarpoor, Sayed Mohsen Hosseini
INTRODUCTION: Periocular rejuvenation is the most common aesthetic plastic surgery. The aim of this study was to determine effects of micropunch blepharopeeling (MBP) approach vs blepharoplasty (BP) in periocular rejuvenation. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This is a clinical trial study on 22 patients who underwent periorbital rejuvenation referred to University Skin Clinics. Patients were randomly divided into two groups of blepharoplasty or micropunch blepharopeeling...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774139/line-drawn-scenes-provide-sufficient-information-for-discrimination-of-threat-and-mere-negativity
#7
Jasmine Boshyan, Lisa Feldman Barrett, Nicole Betz, Reginald B Adams, Kestutis Kveraga
Previous work using color photographic scenes has shown that human observers are keenly sensitive to different types of threatening and negative stimuli and reliably classify them by the presence, and spatial and temporal directions of threat. To test whether such distinctions can be extracted from impoverished visual information, we used 500 line drawings made by hand-tracing the original set of photographic scenes. Sixty participants rated the scenes on spatial and temporal dimensions of threat. Based on these ratings, trend analysis revealed five scene categories that were comparable to those identified for the matching color photographic scenes...
January 2018: I-Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771842/perceived-esthetic-outcomes-of-face-transplantation-a-survey-of-the-general-public
#8
Alessandra E Cabrera, Laura L Kimberly, Rami S Kantar, Elisa K Atamian, Amit K Manjunath, Lauren K Rangel, Michelle W McQuinn, J Rodrigo Diaz-Siso, Eduardo D Rodriguez
Facial transplantation (FT) has attracted the interest of individuals with facial disfigurement as a path to social reintegration. The perception among face transplant recipients and the reconstructive surgery community appears to be that superior functional and esthetic outcomes can be obtained with FT compared to autologous reconstruction (AR). Although lifelong immunosuppression adds well-known risks to FT, its benefits have proven difficult to quantify, especially because of its non-life-saving nature. Evidence that the general public perceives facial allograft recipients as less disfigured than AR patients may dramatically alter the currently accepted risk/benefit ratio of this novel procedure...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770879/no-difference-in-the-graft-shift-between-a-round-and-a-rounded-rectangular-femoral-tunnel-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-an-experimental-study
#9
Yasushi Takata, Junsuke Nakase, Takeshi Oshima, Kengo Shimozaki, Kazuki Asai, Hiroyuki Tsuchiya
INTRODUCTION: We developed a novel technique of creating a rounded rectangular femoral bone tunnel for anatomical, single-bundle, autologous hamstring tendon anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Although this tunnel has many advantages, its non-circular shape has raised concerns regarding excessive graft shift within the bone tunnel. This study aimed to compare the graft shift between round and rounded rectangular tunnels using a graft diameter tester for simulating the femoral bone tunnel...
May 16, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769779/comparison-of-hair-shafts-angles-using-a-curved-blade-an-innovation
#10
Muhammad Ahmad
Background: The study was conducted to compare the angles of the hair shafts created by straight/flat blade and curved blade. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in a private hair transplant surgery center. Five patients undergoing thefirst session of hair transplant were included. In each patient, 1 cm2 area was selected in the anterior hairline in midline. Five slits were created with 1.0 mm straight/flat blade and five slits were created with 1.0 mm curved blade in each patient...
March 2018: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769778/a-new-classification-of-early-female-pattern-hair-loss
#11
Akiko Kaneko, Tsuyoshi Kaneko
Background: Global photographs (GPs) have been widely used to grade the severity in female pattern hair loss (FPHL). However, existing classifications for FPHL are not useful in the evaluation of early FPHL. Although there are some variations in early FPHL, even to a mild degree, all types of early FPHL are included in just one category. Therefore, the authors have devised a grading system for early FPHL with five levels focusing on the changes revealed by the surface reflected light of flash generated on GPs...
March 2018: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768732/the-effect-of-light-intensity-on-image-quality-in-endoscopic-ear-surgery
#12
Rhona McCallum, John McColl, Arunachalam Iyer
OBJECTIVES: Endoscopic ear surgery is a rapidly developing field with many advantages. But endoscopes can reach temperatures of over 110 C at the tip, raising safety concerns. Reducing the intensity of the light source reduces temperatures produced. However, quality of images at lower light intensities has not yet been studied. We set out to study the effect of light intensity on image quality in EES. DESIGN: Prospective study of patients undergoing EES from April to October 2016...
May 16, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768668/assessing-the-effects-of-information-about-global-population-growth-on-risk-perceptions-and-support-for-mitigation-and-prevention-strategies
#13
Ian G J Dawson
The human population is forecast to increase by 3-4 billion people during this century and many scientists have expressed concerns that this could increase the likelihood of certain adverse events (e.g., climate change and resource shortages). Recent research shows that these concerns are mirrored in public risk perceptions and that these perceptions correlate with a willingness to adopt mitigation behaviors (e.g., reduce resource consumption) and preventative actions (e.g., support actions to limit growth)...
May 16, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768497/a-normative-study-for-photographs-of-celebrities-in-spain
#14
Alejandra Marful, Antonio M Díez-Álamo, Susana Plaza-Navas, Angel Fernandez
Research on familiar faces has recurrently been conducted in different domains, such as, psycholinguistics, memory, attention, face processing, aging studies, etc. In general, photographs of celebrities, their proper names, or their occupations have been the materials mainly employed in those types of studies. These stimuli are, however, very constrained by the geographic and sociocultural contexts in which the studies are conducted, and, in spite of their relevance for psychological research, there are no normative studies for celebrities in Spain...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767897/-oncology-trajectories-of-elderly-patients-in-a-palliative-situation-%C3%A2-the-long-and-winding-road-%C3%A2
#15
Annick Anchisi, Rose-Anna Foley, Claire Ansermet, Sandro Anchisi
This paper focuses on trajectories of elderly patients with metastatic cancer who experience several lines of systemic palliative cancer treatments. Based on photographs representing paths, the representations between patients and professional caregivers vary. Where the latter see wearisome treatments and spaces of negotiation, the patients wish to be seen as fighters, a figure that ought to be adopted to face cancer and its treatments, day after day, to meet medical and social expectations.
May 16, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767792/how-face-blurring-affects-body-language-processing-of-static-gestures-in-women-and-men
#16
A M Proverbio, L Ornaghi, V Gabaro
The role of facial coding in body language comprehension was investigated by ERP recordings in 31 participants viewing 800 photographs of gestures (iconic, deictic and emblematic), which could be congruent or incongruent with their caption. Facial information was obscured by blurring in half of the stimuli. The task consisted of evaluating picture/caption congruence. Quicker response times were observed in women than in men to congruent stimuli, and a cost for incongruent vs. congruent stimuli was found only in men...
May 14, 2018: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767718/prediction-of-treatment-outcomes-for-neck-rejuvenation-utilizing-a-unique-classification-system-of-treatment-approach-using-a-1440-nm-side-firing-laser
#17
Gabriella A DiBernardo, Barry E DiBernardo
Background: The appearance of a youthful neck is lost with age causing excessive skin laxity, a loss of subcutaneous fat, prominence of platysmal banding, and jowling. In view of the success obtained with laser treatment for neck rejuvenation, the authors have recently taken an algorithmic approach to developing a 7-category classification system of the aging conditions throughout the anatomic spectrum of three areas: skin, fat, and muscle. This system will correlate with specific treatment options...
May 15, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766655/pre-surgical-surgical-and-post-surgical-experiences-of-weight-loss-surgery-patients-a-closer-look-at-social-determinants-of-health
#18
L P Johnson, F M Asigbee, R Crowell, A Negrini
Using a novel qualitative approach, Photovoice, researchers assessed social, psychological, physical and economic barriers encountered by patients of weight loss surgery. Applying the Photovoice approach and Williams' theory of narrative reconstruction for qualitative interviewing, the research team set out to investigate the bariatric patient experience from pre-surgery to hospitalization to post-surgery. Fifteen participants were given digital cameras and asked to take photographs that represented their weight loss journeys...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765897/anatomical-analysis-of-the-resected-roots-of-mandibular-first-molars-after-failed-non-surgical-retreatment
#19
Jiyoung Yoon, Byeong-Hoon Cho, Jihyun Bae, Yonghoon Choi
Objectives: Understanding the reason for an unsuccessful non-surgical endodontic treatment outcome, as well as the complex anatomy of the root canal system, is very important. This study examined the cross-sectional root canal structure of mandibular first molars confirmed to have failed non-surgical root canal treatment using digital images obtained during intentional replantation surgery, as well as the causative factors of the failed conventional endodontic treatments. Materials and Methods: This study evaluated 115 mandibular first molars...
May 2018: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765346/auditory-emotion-word-primes-influence-emotional-face-categorization-in-children-and-adults-but-not-vice-versa
#20
Michael Vesker, Daniela Bahn, Christina Kauschke, Monika Tschense, Franziska Degé, Gudrun Schwarzer
In order to assess how the perception of audible speech and facial expressions influence one another for the perception of emotions, and how this influence might change over the course of development, we conducted two cross-modal priming experiments with three age groups of children (6-, 9-, and 12-years old), as well as college-aged adults. In Experiment 1, 74 children and 24 adult participants were tasked with categorizing photographs of emotional faces as positive or negative as quickly as possible after being primed with emotion words presented via audio in valence-congruent and valence-incongruent trials...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
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