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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654639/improvement-of-atropine-on-esophagogastric-junction-observation-during-sedative-esophagogastroduodenoscopy
#1
Zhihao Chen, Lingang Liu, Jiangfeng Tu, Guangming Qin, Weiwei Su, Xiaoge Geng, Xiaojun Chen, Hongguang Wu, Wensheng Pan
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Although sedation esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is now widely used, previous research has reported that sedation during EGD exhibits a negative effect on esophagogastric junction (EGJ) exposure. Atropine might improve EGJ exposure, as noted in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to examine whether sedation had a negative effect on EGJ observation in the Chinese population, and whether atropine had some ability to act as an antidote to this unexpected secondary effect of sedation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654586/botulinum-toxin-for-neck-rejuvenation-assessing-efficacy-and-redefining-patient-selection
#2
Samer F Jabbour, Elio G Kechichian, Cyril J Awaida, Roland R Tomb, Marwan W Nasr
BACKGROUND: The "Nefertiti lift" consists of injecting the platysmal bands and the inferior border of the mandible with botulinum toxin. No clinical trial has evaluated its effect on the different lower face and neck aging components, and little is known about the clinical characteristics that predict treatment success. METHODS: Patients were injected with abobotulinumtoxinA along the inferior border of the mandible and into the platysmal bands. Using standardized preinjection and postinjection photographs, the jowls, marionette lines, oral commissures, neck volume, and platysmal bands at maximal contraction and at rest were assessed with validated photonumeric scales...
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654465/high-velocity-paint-gun-injuries
#3
Wendi E Wohltmann, Joshua A Wisell, Celina M C Lafrades, Daniel M Cramer, Bruce D Ragsdale
Cutaneous injuries due to industrial high-pressure paint guns are well-documented in the literature; however, the histologic characteristics are uncommonly described, and facial involvement has not been previously reported. Histopathologic features of paint gun injuries vary depending on the time since injection and type of material. Early lesions display an acute neutrophilic infiltrate, edema, and thrombosis, with varying degrees of skin, fat, and muscle necrosis. More developed lesions (120-192 hours after injury) have prominent histiocytes and fibrosis around necrotic foci, possibly with the pitfall of muscle regenerative giant cells that could be mistaken for sarcoma...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654267/ternary-silver-halide-nanocrystals
#4
Sasitha C Abeyweera, Kowsalya D Rasamani, Yugang Sun
Nanocrystalline silver halides (AgX) such as AgCl, AgBr, and AgI, a class of semiconductor materials with characteristics of both direct and indirect band gaps, represent the most crucial components in traditional photographic processing. The nanocrystal surfaces provide sensitivity specks that can turn into metallic silver, forming an invisible latent image, upon exposure to light. The photographic processing implies that the AgX nanoparticles possess unique properties. First, pristine AgX nanoparticles absorb light only at low efficiency to convert surface AgX into tiny clusters of silver atoms...
June 27, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653052/assessment-of-gingival-symmetry-with-digital-measuring-tools-and-its-reproducibility
#5
David Wilson, Kristi Soileau, Jonathan Esquivel, Adriana Cordero, Wes Buchman, Pooja Maney, A Archontia Palaiologou
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the accuracy of digital measuring tools to measure the position of gingival zeniths and to assess its reproducibility between different examiners. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 108 subjects were photographed at the Louisiana State University School of Dentistry. The settings, positioning of the digital camera, and subjects' Frankfurt levels were standardized. A photograph was taken of the six anterior maxillary teeth of each subject, and their corresponding free gingival margins...
2017: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653050/elabor_aid-a-new-approach-%C3%A2-to-digital-shade-management
#6
Sascha Hein, Javier Tapia, Panaghiotis Bazos
Contemporary dental patients present with high expectations and demand seamless optical integration of restorative interventions. As a result, clinicians and technicians are required to develop methodologies that remain practical yet increase the accuracy and objectivity of shade analysis and estimation. There have been significant advances in digital technologies over the past 20 years, with digital photography being at the forefront. Digital photography has made an immediate and profound impact on applied clinical dentistry, primarily due to instantaneous image visualization and distribution...
2017: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652689/preservative-free-fixed-combination-of-tafluprost-0-0015-and-timolol-0-5-in-patients-with-open-angle-glaucoma-and-ocular-hypertension-results-of-an-open-label-observational-study
#7
Lutz E Pillunat, Carl Erb, Auli Ropo, Friedemann Kimmich, Norbert Pfeiffer
BACKGROUND: Efficacy, tolerability and safety of the novel preservative-free fixed combination of tafluprost 0.0015%/timolol 0.5% (Taptiqom(®)) were investigated in an observational study in Germany. OBJECTIVE: To assess efficacy, tolerability and safety of the preservative-free fixed combination of tafluprost 0.0015%/timolol 0.5% in a real-life setting. METHODS: Intraocular pressure (IOP) was recorded for each eye at baseline (any previous therapy or untreated) and 4-16 weeks after changing medical treatment to or initiating treatment with the preservative-free fixed combination of tafluprost 0...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652050/quantitative-measurement-for-the-retinal-vascular-diameter-changes-in-the-early-postoperative-period-after-strabismus-surgery
#8
Jinqiong Zhou, Jing Fu, Jipeng Li, Xiaozhen Wang, Wenying Wang, Bowen Zhao, Meng Qi
PURPOSE: To investigate quantitatively the retinal vascular diameter changes before and after strabismus surgery, analyzing the potential hemodynamic changes that may occur in the retinal circulation. METHODS: Consecutive patients with horizontal strabismus who underwent strabismus surgery were prospectively enrolled. Color fundus photographs were taken of each eye before and 1 day after surgery. The retinal vessel diameters were measured using computer-assisted quantitative assessment software...
June 23, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651771/perceived-facial-changes-of-class-ii-division-1-patients-with-convex-profiles-after-functional-orthopedic-treatment-followed-by-fixed-orthodontic-appliances
#9
Kleopatra Tsiouli, Nikolaos Topouzelis, Moschos A Papadopoulos, Nikolaos Gkantidis
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this research was to investigate the perceived facial changes in Class II Division 1 patients with convex profiles after functional orthopedic treatment followed by fixed orthodontic appliances. METHODS: Pretreatment and posttreatment profile photographs of 12 Class II Division 1 patients treated with activators, 12 Class II Division 1 patients treated with Twin-block appliances, and 12 controls with normal profiles treated without functional appliances were presented in pairs to 10 orthodontists, 10 patients, 10 parents, and 10 laypersons...
July 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650785/clinical-performance-of-heat-cured-high-viscosity-glass-ionomer-class-ii-restorations-in-primary-molars-a-preliminary-study
#10
Eliyahu Tal, Ari Kupietzky, Anna B Fuks, Nili Tickotsky, Moti Moskovitz
OBJECTIVES: The present preliminary study evaluated the clinical and radiographic performances of heat-cured high viscosity glass ionomer (HCHVGI) in class II restorations of primary molars. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study on a cohort of patients who had dental caries restored at a private practice was conducted. Restorations were evaluated radiographically and photographically by two separate examiners. RESULTS: Ninety-three Class II restorations in 44 patients (average age: 108 months ± 25...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650721/photographic-memory-the-effects-of-volitional-photo-taking-on-memory-for-visual-and-auditory-aspects-of-an-experience
#11
Alixandra Barasch, Kristin Diehl, Jackie Silverman, Gal Zauberman
How does volitional photo taking affect unaided memory for visual and auditory aspects of experiences? Across one field and three lab studies, we found that, even without revisiting any photos, participants who could freely take photographs during an experience recognized more of what they saw and less of what they heard, compared with those who could not take any photographs. Further, merely taking mental photos had similar effects on memory. These results provide support for the idea that photo taking induces a shift in attention toward visual aspects and away from auditory aspects of an experience...
June 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649908/linear-perspective-and-framing-in-the-vista-paradox
#12
Marco Costa, Leonardo Bonetti
The vista paradox is the illusion in which an object seen through an aperture appears to shrink in apparent size as the observer approaches the aperture. In four studies, we tested the effect of framing and fixating on the target object. The first two studies assessed the vista paradox in a large scale naturalistic setting in which a 162.26 -m long corridor was aligned to a 97.2 -m high tower (1,407 m away). In the first study, the results showed, for each 16 m section, a mean 9.95% tower enlargement in the moving backward condition, and a mean 11...
January 1, 2017: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649576/you-fill-my-heart-looking-at-one-s-partner-increases-interoceptive-accuracy
#13
Lara Maister, Lilla Hodossy, Manos Tsakiris
The integration of external and internal bodily signals provides a coherent, multisensory experience of one's own body. The ability to accurately detect internal bodily sensations is referred to as interoceptive accuracy (IAcc). Previous studies found that IAcc can be increased when people with low IAcc engage in self-processing such as when looking in the mirror or at a photograph of one's own face. However, the way the self is represented changes depending on the context. Specifically, in social situations, the self is experienced in relation to significant others and not as an isolated individual...
June 2017: Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649219/taking-the-perfect-selfie-investigating-the-impact-of-perspective-on-the-perception-of-higher-cognitive-variables
#14
Tobias M Schneider, Claus-Christian Carbon
Taking selfies is now becoming a standard human habit. However, as a social phenomenon, research is still in the fledgling stage and the scientific framework is sparse. Selfies allow us to share social information with others in a compact format. Furthermore, we are able to control important photographic and compositional aspects, such as perspective, which have a strong impact on the assessment of a face (e.g., demonstrated by the height-weight illusion, effects of gaze direction, faceism-index). In Study 1, we focused on the impact of perspective (left/right hemiface, above/below vs...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647151/effect-of-low-concentrations-of-irgarol-1051-on-rgb-r-red-g-green-b-blue-colour-values-of-the-hard-coral-acropora-tenuis
#15
Keita Hirayama, Kotaro Takayama, Shinsuke Haruta, Hiroshi Ishibashi, Ichiro Takeuchi
Colour change in Acropora tenuis, a representative species of Indo-Pacific hard coral, in response to low concentrations of Irgarol 1051 was examined in the laboratory. Branches of A. tenuis were exposed to 0, 1, and 10μgIrgarol1051/L for 14days, and photographed daily using digital camera. These Irgarol 1051 concentrations were similar to those recorded at a number of sea ports. Red, green and blue (RGB) coral colour values were quantified from the photographs, with black represented by R=G=B=0 and white as R=G=B=255...
June 21, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646591/morphological-characteristics-and-hpv-genotype-predict-the-treatment-response-in-cutaneous-warts
#16
G K Hogendoorn, S C Bruggink, M N C de Koning, J A H Eekhof, K E Hermans, R Rissmann, J Burggraaf, R Wolterbeek, K D Quint, S T P Kouwenhoven, J N B Bavinck
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous warts have a cure rate after therapy of no more than approximately 50%. Recently, we developed and validated a standard assessment tool for warts (CWARTS) based on phenotypical characteristics. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether patient and morphological wart characteristics predict the HPV type in the specific wart and whether these characteristics as well as the HPV type predict a favourable treatment response. METHODS: Photographs were used to score 9 morphological wart characteristics using the newly developed CWARTS tool...
June 24, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644579/pairing-field-methods-to-improve-inference-in-wildlife-surveys-while-accommodating-detection-covariance
#17
John Clare, Shawn T McKinney, John E DePue, Cynthia S Loftin
It is common to use multiple field sampling methods when implementing wildlife surveys to compare method efficacy or cost-efficiency, integrate distinct pieces of information provided by separate methods, or evaluate method-specific biases and misclassification error. Existing models that combine information from multiple field methods or sampling devices permit rigorous comparison of method-specific detection parameters, enable estimation of additional parameters such as false-positive detection probability, and improve occurrence or abundance estimates, but with the assumption that the separate sampling methods produce detections independently of one another...
June 23, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643965/-a-clinical-tool-to-develop-therapeutic-goals-with-chronic-low-back-pain-patients
#18
Danièle Kupper, Stéphane Genevay, Christine Cedraschi
When treating patients suffering from chronic low back pain, it is important to determine therapeutic objectives that are realistic, measurable and focused on the activities of everyday life. To help patients and therapists to elaborate these objectives, we developped a clinical tool made of a metric scale graduated from 0 to 10 and of a series of photographs. Within the framework of a semi-structured interview, this tool is a help not only in the detection of relevant activities that may induce fear avoidance behaviours but also in the determination and negotiation of objectives that can be realised in the care process and are adapted to the patient's context of living...
June 21, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643416/influence-of-academic-training-in-endodontics-and-implantology-on-decision-making-in-undergraduate-students
#19
Kenneth Pineda, Rufino Bueno, Carlos Alvarado, Francesc Abella, Miguel Roig, Fernando Duran-Sindreu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of academic training on decision-making in a group of undergraduates who have undergone training in endodontics and implantology. BASIC PROCEDURES: A single group of undergraduate dentistry students (n = 65) was given a survey consisting of 15 endodontic cases. Each case included periapical radiographs and clinical photographs. Students were asked to select one of the eight proposed treatments. In their 4th year, the students first responded to the survey after completing endodontics...
June 23, 2017: Australian Endodontic Journal: the Journal of the Australian Society of Endodontology Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643046/clinical-evaluation-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-combined-bipolar-radiofrequency-and-optical-energies-vs-optical-energy-alone-for-the-treatment-of-aging-hands
#20
Ines Verner, Tuvia Dror Kutscher
Different treatment modalities are used for the treatment and esthetic improvement of aging hands. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of a novel technology, which combines bipolar radio frequency (RF) and optical energies for the cosmetic treatment of aging hands. The objective of the study was to assess the efficacy, safety, tolerability, and patient satisfaction of combined bipolar radiofrequency and optical energies vs. optical energy alone for the treatment of aging hands. Thirteen female patients with solar lentigines on the back of the hands were enrolled...
June 23, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
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