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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346497/convergent-and-divergent-validity-of-the-grammaticality-and-utterance-length-instrument
#1
Anny Castilla-Earls, Katrina Fulcher-Rood
Purpose: This feasibility study examines the convergent and divergent validity of the Grammaticality and Utterance Length Instrument (GLi), a tool designed to assess the grammaticality and average utterance length of a child's prerecorded story retell. Method: Three raters used the GLi to rate audio-recorded story retells from 100 English-speaking preschool children. To examine convergent validity, the results of the GLi were correlated with 2 language sample measures, mean length of utterance in words and percentage of grammatical utterances, and with the results of the Structured Photographic Expressive Language Test-Third Edition (Dawson, Stout, & Eyer, 2003)...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346394/decision-time-and-confidence-predict-choosers-identification-performance-in-photographic-showups
#2
Melanie Sauerland, Anna Sagana, Siegfried L Sporer, John T Wixted
In vast contrast to the multitude of lineup studies that report on the link between decision time, confidence, and identification accuracy, only a few studies looked at these associations for showups, with results varying widely across studies. We therefore set out to test the individual and combined value of decision time and post-decision confidence for diagnosing the accuracy of positive showup decisions using confidence-accuracy characteristic curves and Bayesian analyses. Three-hundred-eighty-four participants viewed a stimulus event and were subsequently presented with two showups which could be target-present or target-absent...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345045/the-in-vitro-release-of-cytokines-and-growth-factors-from-fibrin-membranes-produced-through-horizontal-centrifugation
#3
E S Lourenço, C F A B Mourão, P E C Leite, J M Granjeiro, M D Calasans-Maia, G G Alves
Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) membranes are biomaterials widely used for therapeutic purposes, and canonically produced through the processing of peripheral blood with fixed-angle rotor centrifuges. In this work, we evaluate the in vitro stability and release of cytokines and growth factors when these biomaterials are produced with a horizontal swing-out clinical centrifuge. Membranes produced from the blood of 14 donors were morphologically evaluated by scanning electron microscopy and fluorescence microscopy, and their stability was assessed by photographic recording after incubation in culture medium for up to 28 days...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340992/prospective-comparative-study-of-laparoscopic-narrow-band-imaging-nbi-versus-standard-imaging-in-gynecologic-oncology
#4
Alessia Aloisi, Yukio Sonoda, Ginger J Gardner, Kay J Park, Sarah L Elliott, Qin C Zhou, Alexia Iasonos, Nadeem R Abu-Rustum
BACKGROUND: Narrow band imaging (NBI) is an optic filtration enhancement for endoscopy that uses two wavelengths of light (415 and 540 nm) to highlight superficial microvascular patterns. It has been successfully utilized to improve identification of lesions with abnormal vasculature, which is associated with endometriosis and endometrial cancer. Case studies suggest it may also facilitate surgical staging of gynecologic cancer, which is critical in determining appropriate adjuvant therapies...
January 16, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340784/a-new-flesh-fly-species-diptera-sarcophagidae-parasitic-on-leptodactylid-frogs
#5
Pablo Ricardo Mulieri, Eduardo Federico Schaefer, Marta Inés Duré, Cynthya Elizabeth González
Here we describe a new species of sarcophagid fly reared from larvae found feeding on three species of leptodactylid frogs collected in subtropical Corrientes Province in northeastern Argentina. Our species description is based on adult male and female external morphology and genitalia. Adult males and females of the new species were associated with certainty because all specimens studied were reared from single clutches of larvae on each of three infested frogs. Thus, adult males and females reared from each clutch were siblings that emerged almost simultaneously...
January 17, 2018: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340750/a-pilot-study-evaluating-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-artiss-human-fibrin-sealant-in-external-rhinoplasty
#6
Steven H Dayan, Jonathan T Bacos, Thuy-Van Ho, Nimit Gandhi, Selika Gutierrez-Borst
BACKGROUND: Fibrin sealant application in rhytidectomy has previously demonstrated a reduction in adverse events and drainage volume. Fibrin sealant offers multiple potential benefits including decreasing downtime, reducing complication rates, and improving patient satisfaction. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of ARTISS [fibrin sealant (human)] in external rhinoplasty. METHODS: Nine healthy participants between the ages of 18 and 50 seeking external rhinoplasty completed this study...
January 16, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340598/the-risk-of-skin-necrosis-following-hyaluronic-acid-filler-injection-in-patients-with-a-history-of-cosmetic-rhinoplasty
#7
Reza M Robati, Fatemeh Moeineddin, Mina Almasi-Nasrabadi
Background: As the number of patients using dermal filler for face augmentation increases, the number of adverse events associated with injection may increase. Unpredictable repositioning of blood vessels and a more tenuous blood supply in the operated nose may increase the risk of ischemia, necrosis and vascular embolism following the filler injection. Objectives: To highlight the importance of the patient's history of previous cosmetic procedures including rhinoplasty in the emergence of vascular complications...
January 11, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339648/caries-preventive-effect-of-naf-naf-plus-tcp-naf-plus-cpp-acp-and-sdf-varnishes-on-sound-dentin-and-artificial-dentin-caries-in-vitro
#8
Richard J Wierichs, Sabrina Stausberg, Julian Lausch, Hendrik Meyer-Lueckel, Marcella Esteves-Oliveira
The aim of this study was to compare the caries-preventive effect of different fluoride varnishes on sound dentin as well as on artificial dentin caries-like lesions. Bovine dentin specimens (n = 220) with one sound surface (ST) and one artificial caries lesion (DT) were prepared and randomly allocated to 11 groups. The interventions before pH cycling were as follows: application of a varnish containing NaF (22,600 ppm F-; Duraphat [NaF0/NaF1]), NaF plus tricalcium phosphate (22,600 ppm F-; Clinpro White Varnish Mint [TCP0/TCP1]), NaF plus casein phosphopeptide-stabilized amorphous calcium phosphate complexes (CPP-ACP; 22,600 ppm F-; MI Varnish [CPP0/CPP1]), or silver diamine fluoride (SDF; 35,400 ppm F-; Cariestop 30% [SDF0/SDF1]) and no intervention (NNB/N0/N1)...
January 17, 2018: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337669/gastroprotective-effects-of-the-isopropanol-extract-of-artemisia-princeps-and-its-gastroretentive-floating-tablets-on-gastric-mucosal-injury
#9
Joo-Il Kim, Sang-Wook Park, Jhong-Jae Lim, Se-Il Sohn, Ji-Su Shin, Sang Cheol Park, Young Pyo Jang, Eun Kyoung Chung, Hong-Woo Lee, Kyung-Tae Lee
In this study, we investigated the gastroprotective effect of an isopropanol extract from the aerial parts of Artemisia princeps (IPAP) and developed a gastroretentive floating tablet of IPAP (IPAP-FR) for maximized local gastroprotective effects. Pre-treatment with IPAP ameliorated the gastric mucosal hemorrhagic lesions in ethanol/HCl- or indomethacin- treated rats. IPAP decreased mucosal hemorrhage of gastric ulcers induced by ethanol or indomethacin plus pyloric ligation in rats. The optimized floating tablet, IPAP-FR, floated on medium surface with more sustained eupatilin release compared to the non-floating control tablet...
December 20, 2017: Acta Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337634/risk-factors-associated-with-open-gingival-embrasures-after-orthodontic-treatment
#10
Sang Su An, Yoon Jeong Choi, Ji Young Kim, Chooryung J Chung, Kyung-Ho Kim
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the incidence of and contributing factors to open gingival embrasures between the central incisors after orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred posttreatment patients (29 men and 71 women; mean age, 24.7 years) were divided retrospectively into occurrence and nonoccurrence groups based on intraoral photographs. Based on the severity, the occurrence group was further divided into mild, moderate, and severe groups. Parameters from periapical radiographs, superimposed lateral cephalograms, and study models were compared between the occurrence and the nonoccurrence groups by using independent t-tests and were also analyzed on the basis of severity via analysis of variance...
January 16, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336886/can-the-syndesmosis-procedure-prevent-metatarsus-primus-varus-and-hallux-valgus-deformity-recurrence-a-5-year-prospective-study
#11
Daniel Yiang Wu, Eddy Kwok Fai Lam
One of the main objectives of hallux valgus surgery is correction of the metatarsus primus varus deformity by osteotomy, arthrodesis, or soft tissue correction. The syndesmosis procedure uses intermetatarsal cerclage sutures to realign the first metatarsal and also induces a syndesmotic bonding between the first and second metatarsals to prevent metatarsus primus varus deformity recurrence. The purpose of the present study was to demonstrate radiologic evidence of the effectiveness of the syndesmosis concept and to identify the incidence and nature of deformity recurrence...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336712/reliability-and-minimal-detectable-change-of-thoracoabdominal-mobility-measurements-using-photogrammetry
#12
Karine J Sarro, Camila L Mombrini, Thais B Tonole
The knowledge about measurement errors of the measuring tool is important before its use, as clinical decisions are going to be made based on its results. Here we investigate intrarater and interrater reliability and the minimal detectable change (MDC) of thoracoabdominal mobility measurements using photogrammetry, considering novice and experienced raters. Thoracoabdominal mobility of 17 healthy participants was assessed; photographs during apnea in maximal inspiration and expiration were used to calculate latero-lateral and anteroposterior diameters of the thorax (at axillary and xiphoid level) and abdomen...
January 16, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336627/clinical-severity-classification-using-automated-conjunctival-hyperemia-analysis-software-in-patients-with-superior-limbic-keratoconjunctivitis
#13
Junki Kurita, Jun Shoji, Noriko Inada, Tsuyoshi Yoneda, Tamaki Sumi, Masahiko Kobayashi, Yasuhiro Hoshikawa, Atsuki Fukushima, Satoru Yamagami
PURPOSE: Digitization of clinical observation is necessary for assessing the severity of superior limbic keratoconjunctivitis (SLK). This study aimed to use a novel quantitative marker to examine hyperemia in patients with SLK. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included six eyes of six patients with both dry eye disease and SLK (SLK group) and eight eyes of eight patients with Sjögren syndrome (SS group). We simultaneously obtained the objective finding scores by using slit-lamp examination and calculated the superior hyperemia index (SHI) with an automated conjunctival hyperemia analysis software by using photographs of the anterior segment...
January 16, 2018: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336294/esthetic-nasolabial-angle-according-to-the-degree-of-upper-lip-protrusion-in-an-asian-population
#14
So Young Choi, Su Jin Kim, Ho Yun Lee, Dong Sik Chang, Myoung Su Choi
BACKGROUND: The positioning of the nasal tip is as esthetically important as the tip projection when rhinoplasty is being considered. It is not uncommon for Asians to have a protruding upper lip and teeth that affect the nasolabial angle (NLA). This study aimed to find the preferred NLA according to the degree of upper lip protrusion in an Asian population. METHODS: A left-side lateral photograph of each participant was used for simulation of six different tip angles by using a photoshop program...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336116/the-retina-of-the-collared-peccary-pecari-tajacu-structure-and-function
#15
Raaya Ezra-Elia, Maya Ross, Nili Avni-Magen, Asaf Berkowitz, Ron Ofri
OBJECTIVE: To study retinal morphology and function in the collared peccary, an ungulate species distantly related to the domestic pig. ANIMAL STUDIES: Twenty captive peccaries anesthetized for routine health examinations. Procedures No abnormalities were noted on a complete ophthalmic examination. Fundi were examined ophthalmoscopically and photographed. The eyes of an individual that died of unrelated, nonocular reasons were studied histologically and by immunohistochemistry...
January 16, 2018: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336019/computerized-planimetry-to-assess-clinical-responsiveness-in-a-phase-ii-randomized-trial-of-topical-r333-for-discoid-lupus-erythematosus
#16
J K Presto, L G Okon, R Feng, D J Wallace, R Furie, D Fiorentino, V P Werth
BACKGROUND: R333 is a topical janus kinase and spleen tyrosine kinase inhibitor being evaluated for discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) treatment. There is no validated measure to assess area of active DLE lesions. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate R333 efficacy and assess a technique to measure responsiveness. METHODS: 54 DLE patients were randomized in a double blind design to R333 or placebo. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients achieving ≥50% decrease in erythema and scale based on lesional CLASI for all treated lesions at week 4...
January 16, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335432/the-relationship-of-dietary-fish-intake-to-diabetic-retinopathy-and-retinal-vascular-caliber-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#17
Jacqueline Chua, Ai-Ru Chia, Miao Li Chee, Ryan Eyn Kidd Man, Gavin Siew Wei Tan, Ecosse L Lamoureux, Tien Yin Wong, Mary Foong-Fong Chong, Leopold Schmetterer
In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated the association of dietary fish intake with varying severity of diabetic retinopathy (DR) and retinal vascular caliber in Asians with type 2 diabetes mellitus. 357 Asians (median age: 58 years; 31% women; 78% Chinese) were recruited from a tertiary eye care institution in Singapore. Fish consumption was evaluated using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Digital retinal photographs assessed for DR severity and retinal vascular caliber. Ordered logistic and linear regression models were used to investigate the association of fish intake with DR severity and vascular caliber...
January 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335418/gender-specific-association-of-early-age-related-macular-degeneration-with-systemic-and-genetic-factors-in-a-japanese-population
#18
Mariko Sasaki, Sei Harada, Yumiko Kawasaki, Miki Watanabe, Hidemi Ito, Hideo Tanaka, Ayano Takeuchi, Kazuo Tsubota, Toru Takebayashi, Yuji Nishiwaki, Ryo Kawasaki
The Tsuruoka Metabolomics Cohort Study included subjects aged 35-74 years from participants in annual health check-up programs in Tsuruoka, Japan. The gender-specific associations of early age-related macular degeneration (AMD) with systemic and genetic factors was assessed cross-sectionally. Of these, 3,988 subjects had fundus photographs of sufficient quality, and early AMD was present in 12.3% and 10.3% of men and women, respectively. In men, higher levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and lower levels of triglycerides were associated with increased odds of having early AMD after adjusting for potential risk factors (for each 1 mmol/L increase, odds ratio [OR]: 1...
January 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334576/cheek-volumization-and-nasolabial-folds
#19
Donald S Mowlds, Val Lambros
The impression that cheek filling results in longitudinal shortening ("lift") of the skin and elevation of the nasolabial crease(NLC) or nasolabial fold (NLF) has become common within the facial injection community, but remains unsubstantiated. In this study, seventy-seven patients were evaluated pre and post-injection injection of the cheeks with an Hyaluronic Acid filler using a 3-dimensional camera system. A constant pattern of skin expansion away from the center of the injection and perpendicular to the surface of the skin was observed...
January 10, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334267/m%C3%A3-tter-museum-historic-medical-photographs-the-college-of-physicians-of-philadelphia
#20
Rebecca Gardiner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2018: Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine
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