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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550717/ooxtaxonomy-of-eight-tettigonoidea-species-insecta-orthoptera-description-and-comparison-of-the-egg-morphology
#1
Marta Franch Sas, Josep M Olmo-Vidal, Marcos Roca-Cusachs, Juli Pujade-Villar
In the present study, eggs of eight species of the Tettigonoidea superfamily have been examined with the aim to find characteristic traits of each of the studied taxa. In addition, we aim to distinguish them through their eggshell morphology, a technique that nowadays is known as ootaxonomy. All the eggs analysed belong to four subfamilies of the Tettigoniidae family (Bradyporinae: Ephippiger diurnus cunii, Parasteropleurus perezii, Lluciapomaresius panteli, L. ortegai, Tettigoniinae: Decticus verrucivorus, Antaxius hispanicus, and Meconematinae: Cyrtaspis scutata) and from family Phaneropteridae: Phaneroptera nana...
May 17, 2017: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545771/efficacy-of-proportional-condylectomy-in-a-treatment-protocol-for-unilateral-condylar-hyperplasia-a-review-of-73-cases
#2
Guillaume Mouallem, Zahia Vernex-Boukerma, Julie Longis, Jean-Philippe Perrin, Jean Delaire, Jacques-Marie Mercier, Pierre Corre
INTRODUCTION: Unilateral condylar hyperplasia (UCH) is characterized by an excessive growth of a mandibular condyle, resulting in facial, and occlusal deformities. Scintigraphic hyperactivity usually triggers the need of condylectomy. Delaire has presented a protocol for the treatment of active or non-active UCH using systematically a proportional condylectomy, which could solve both aetiology and adaptive deformities. The aim of this study was to evaluate this protocol by clinical and radiographical analysis...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545510/effect-of-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-stem-cell-supernatant-on-equine-corneal-wound-healing-in-vitro
#3
Amanda B Sherman, Brian C Gilger, Alix K Berglund, Lauren V Schnabel
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine and compare the in vitro effects of autologous bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) and mesenchymal stem cell supernatant (MSC-Sp) on the wound healing capacity of equine corneal fibroblasts using a scratch assay. METHODS: Bone marrow aspirates and eyes were collected from normal, euthanized horses with subsequent isolation and culture of BM-MSCs and corneal stromal cells. Corneal stromal cells were culture-expanded in the culture well of transwell plates and then treated with an autologous BM-MSC suspension (dose: 2...
May 25, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544978/documentation-of-50-water-conservation-in-a-single-process-at-a-beef-abattoir
#4
C L Drennan, R E DeOtte, T E Lawrence
Beef slaughter is water intensive due to stringent food safety requirements. We conducted a study at a commercial beef processor to demonstrate water conservation by modifying the mechanical head wash. We documented the initial nozzle configuration (112 nozzles), water pressure (275kPa), and flowrate (152L/head washed), then developed a 3-D CAD model to identify regions of water use redundancy. The mechanical head wash was modified by reducing nozzle count (72), decreasing pressure (138kPa) and flowrate (78...
May 17, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544871/signs-of-social-class-the-experience-of-economic-inequality-in-everyday-life
#5
Michael W Kraus, Jun Won Park, Jacinth J X Tan
By some accounts, global economic inequality is at its highest point on record. The pernicious effects of this broad societal trend are striking: Rising inequality is linked to poorer health and well-being across countries, continents, and cultures. The economic and psychological forces that perpetuate inequality continue to be studied, and in this theoretical review, we examine the role of daily experiences of economic inequality-the communication of social class signals between interaction partners-in this process...
May 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544808/the-first-transepidermal-transplantation-of-non-cultured-epidermal-suspension-using-a-dermarolling-system-in-vitiligo-a-sequential-histological-and-clinical-study
#6
L Benzekri, Y Gauthier
The current methods for melanocyte delivery to depigmented skin are invasive and often require sophisticated approaches. Here we describe a promising simple and minimally invasive technique based on the dermarolling system. The technique involves preparation of a keratinocyte/melanocyte suspension prepared by trypsinization from a non-lesioned part of a patient's scalp skin and transepidermal delivery using a dermaroller equipped with 0.2 mm needles. Dermarolling leads to epidermal microinjuries without, however, causing pain or inflammation...
May 19, 2017: Pigment Cell & Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544641/reflectance-spectroscopy-to-shed-new-light-on-the-capillary-refill-test
#7
Rani Toll John, Joakim Henricson, Gert E Nilsson, Daniel Wilhelms, Chris D Anderson
To use Bioengineering methodology is used to achieve, at five anatomical sites, a detailed, quantitative assessment of the return of blood content to the blanched area, during the Capillary Refill (CR) test. An observational, non-randomized, experimental study on 23 healthy subjects (14 females) was performed in our climate controlled skin physiology laboratory. Our main outcome measures were based on the chronological assessment and quantification of red blood cell concentration (RBC) after the release of blanching pressure in the CR test, using Tissue Viability Imaging (TiVi), a digital photographic technique based on polarisation spectroscopy...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543777/efficacy-and-safety-of-non-invasive-body-tightening-with-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-hifu
#8
E J Ko, J Y Hong, T-R Kwon, E J Choi, Y-J Jang, S Y Choi, K H Yoo, S Y Kim, B J Kim
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive skin-tightening devices have become increasingly popular in response to increasing demand for improvements in skin laxity and tightening with minimal risk and recovery time. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the efficacy and safety of HIFU for skin tightening in the face and body. METHODS: A total of 32 Korean subjects enrolled in this prospective clinical trial. The subjects were treated with HIFU to both cheeks, lower abdomen, and thigh...
May 22, 2017: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543741/detection-of-progression-of-glaucomatous-retinal-nerve-fibre-layer-defects-using-optical-coherence-tomography-guided-progression-analysis
#9
Young Hoon Hwang, Min Kyung Kim, Jae Min Wi, Jae Keun Chung, Kwan Bok Lee
PURPOSE: The aim was to investigate the agreement for detection of progression of glaucomatous retinal nerve fibre layer defects (RNFLD) between optical coherence tomography-guided progression analysis (OCT GPA) and conventional red-free fundus photography. METHODS: Four hundred and fifteen glaucomatous eyes that underwent at least four serial red-free photographic and OCT examinations were included in the study. Based on the inspection of the red-free fundus photographs and GPA maps, RNFLD progression was defined as the development of a new defect, widening or deepening of a pre-existing RNFLD in red-free fundus photography (photographic progression) or 'Likely Loss' on a GPA map (GPA progression)...
May 24, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543587/optical-mapping-of-nonmelanoma-skin-cancers-a-pilot-clinical-study
#10
Anna N Yaroslavsky, Xin Feng, Victor A Neel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is the most common human cancer. Because these tumors often affect the face, there is a strong need for both accurate removal of these neoplasms to prevent recurrence and maximal tissue preservation to prevent cosmetic or functional deformity. Polarization-enhanced reflectance and fluorescence imaging (PERFI) is a new bedside method that uses fluorescent chromophores to image NMSC. While the feasibility of the technique has been successfully demonstrated in ex vivo studies, this is the first pilot study to extend the use of PERFI to in vivo intraoperative imaging of NMSC...
May 23, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542684/utility-of-a-systematic-approach-to-teaching-photographic-nasal-analysis-to-otolaryngology-residents
#11
Jon Robitschek, Harley Dresner, Peter Hilger
Importance: Photographic nasal analysis constitutes a critical step along the path toward accurate diagnosis and precise surgical planning in rhinoplasty. The learned process by which one assesses photographs, analyzes relevant anatomical landmarks, and generates a global view of the nasal aesthetic is less widely described. Objectives: To discern the common pitfalls in performing photographic nasal analysis and to quantify the utility of a systematic approach model in teaching photographic nasal analysis to otolaryngology residents...
May 25, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542161/land-use-history-and-population-dynamics-of-free-standing-figs-in-a-maturing-forest
#12
Larissa Albrecht, Robert F Stallard, Elisabeth K V Kalko
Figs (Ficus sp.) are often considered as keystone resources which strongly influence tropical forest ecosystems. We used long-term tree-census data to track the population dynamics of two abundant free-standing fig species, Ficus insipida and F. yoponensis, on Barro Colorado Island (BCI), a 15.6-km2 island in Lake Gatún, Panama. Vegetation cover on BCI consists of a mosaic of old growth (>400 years) and maturing (about 90-150 year old) secondary rainforest. Locations and conditions of fig trees have been mapped and monitored on BCI for more than 35 years (1973-2011), with a focus on the Lutz Catchment area (25 ha)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539076/perception-of-orthodontic-treatment-need-among-swedish-children-adolescents-and-young-adults
#13
Firas Nafi Salih, Rune Lindsten, Mats Bågesund
OBJECTIVE: Perceptions of orthodontic treatment need and perceptions of dental aesthetics was investigated among subjects ages 10, 15 and 19. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 489 subjects completed a questionnaire after inspecting 10 photographs in the Aesthetic Component scale of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need to (i) reveal the lower limit for orthodontic treatment need and (ii) rate their dental aesthetics by selecting the most similar photo. RESULTS: The mean lower limit for orthodontic treatment need was significantly higher (and closer to literature-based standards) among subjects, age 10 (4...
May 24, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538334/influence-of-optic-disc-size-on-identifying-glaucomatous-optic-neuropathy
#14
Gregory J Nixon, Ronald K Watanabe, Michael Sullivan-Mee, Anthony DeWilde, Lisa Young, G Lynn Mitchell
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to use a large group of observers to test prior research findings that suggest optic disc size, clinical evaluation of the neuroretinal rim (ISNT rule), and practitioner characteristics influence the accuracy of differentiating normal from glaucomatous optic nerves. METHODS: Participant observers were optometrists, optometry students, and vision scientists/researchers attending the 2013 American Academy of Optometry Annual Meeting...
June 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537367/prevalence-and-severity-of-dental-fluorosis-in-four-english-cities
#15
I A Pretty, N Boothman, J Morris, L MacKay, Z Liu, M McGrady, M Goodwin
Objective: To assess the prevalence and severity of dental fluorosis in four city-based populations using a robust photographic method with TF index reporting; and to record the aesthetic satisfaction scores of children in all four cities. Basic research design: Cross sectional epidemiological survey (surveillance). Participants: 1,904 children aged 11-14 years, in four English cities. Interventions: Two cities were served by community water fluoridation schemes supplying water at 1mg/l F...
December 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537324/validation-of-the-photography-method-for-nutritional-intake-assessment-in-hospitalized-elderly-subjects
#16
F Monacelli, M Sartini, V Bassoli, D Becchetti, A L Biagini, A Nencioni, M Cea, R Borghi, F Torre, P Odetti
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to validate the photographic indirect method as an accurate and specific tool to assess nutritional intake in a cohort of elderly hospitalized patients. DESIGN: this is a prospective observational study. SETTING: hospital (geriatric acute ward and transitional care of IRCCSS AUO San Martino Hospital, Genoa, Italy). PARTICIPANTS: 255 consecutive elderly hospitalized patients...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536951/aesthetic-result-after-breast-conserving-therapy-is-associated-with-quality-of-life-several-years-after-treatment-swedish-women-evaluated-with-bcct-core-and-breast-q%C3%A2
#17
Cecilia Dahlbäck, Jenny Heiman Ullmark, Martin Rehn, Anita Ringberg, Jonas Manjer
PURPOSE: A gold standard for evaluation of aesthetic outcome after breast-conserving therapy (BCT) is still lacking. The BCCT.core software has been developed to assess aesthetic result in a standardised way. We aimed to study how the result of BCCT.core after BCT is associated with quality of life, measured with the BREAST-Q™, a validated questionnaire. METHODS: Women eligible for BCT were consecutively recruited between February 1st 2008 and January 31st 2012 (n = 653)...
May 23, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536731/a-novel-actinic-keratosis-field-assessment-scale-for-grading-actinic-keratosis-disease-severity
#18
Brigitte Dréno, Rino Cerio, Thomas Dirschka, Ignasi Figueras Nart, John T Lear, Ketty Peris, Andrés Ruiz de Casas, Kaleci Shaniko, Giovanni Pellacani
Actinic keratosis (AK) lesions are surrounded by field cancerization (areas of subclinical, non-visible sun damage). Existing AK grading tools rely on AK counts, which are not reproducible. An Actinic Keratosis Field Assessment Scale (AK-FAS) for grading the severity of AK/field was developed. Standardized photographs of patients representing the full range of AK severity were collected. Six investigators independently rated each photograph according to 3 criteria: AK area (total skin area affected by AK lesions), hyperkeratosis and sun damage...
May 24, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535364/dental-decay-phenotype-in-nonsyndromic-orofacial-clefting
#19
B J Howe, M E Cooper, G L Wehby, J M Resick, N L Nidey, L C Valencia-Ramirez, A M Lopez-Palacio, D Rivera, A R Vieira, S M Weinberg, M L Marazita, L M Moreno Uribe
Although children with oral clefts have a higher risk for dental anomalies when compared with the general population, prior studies have shown conflicting results regarding their dental decay risk. Also, few studies have assessed dental decay risk in unaffected relatives of children with clefts. Thus, the question of increased risk of dental decay in individuals with oral clefts or their unaffected relatives is still open for empirical investigation. This study characterizes dental decay in the largest international cohort to date of children with nonsyndromic clefts and their relatives, as compared with controls, and it addresses whether families with oral clefts have a significantly increased risk for dental decay versus the general population...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535273/older-adults-in-public-open-spaces-age-and-gender-segregation
#20
Rinat Ben Noon, Liat Ayalon
Background and Objectives: There is a substantial body of literature on the importance of the environment in the lives of older adults. Nonetheless, to date, there has been limited research on everyday activities of urban older adults in public open spaces. The present study examined the activities of older adults in public open spaces in Israel with a specific focus on age and gender as potential variables of relevance. Research Design and Methods: Using still photography, we systematically photographed four sessions in two different public outdoor settings attended by older Israelis...
May 23, 2017: Gerontologist
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